(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "The records of living officers of the U.S. navy and Marine corps"

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS. 
^^^- doiVirjI^t 1^0. 



UNITED STATES OP AMERICA." 






^'-M.^ y 












> 



THE RECORDS 



OF 



Living Officers 



OF THE 



U. S. NAVY AND MARINE CORPS. 



COMPILED FROM OFFICIAL SOURCES 



BY 

LEWIS RANDOLPH HAMERSLY, 

w 

LATE LIEUTENANT UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS. 



FIFTH EDITION. 
REVISED, WITH NUMEROUS ADDITIONS. 



->' 






APR cJ 1344 



OF 



WA8H\^ 



PHILADELPHIA: 

L. R. HAMERSLY & CO 

18 94. 






Entered accordiug to Act of Cougress, in the year 1894, by 

LKWIS RANDOLPH HAMERSLY, 
In the Office of the Librarian of Cougress at Washington. 



PRESS OF THE J. li. RODGERS PRINTING CO., 
52 & 54 N. SIXTH ST., PHIL.\DEL1>HI.\. 



TO 

THE OFFICERS 

OF THE 

UNITED STATES NAVY AND MARINE CORPS, 

IS EESPECTFULLY DEDICATED 
THIS RECORD OF THEIR SERVICES. 



OFFICIAL OPINIONS. 



Navy Department, 

January 11. 1870. 
Dear Sir: 

I have examined the proof-sheets of your work on the Records of the Living OfRcer.«i 

of the Navy, and am of opinion that it will supply a want, and be a useful book to the 

service and to the country. 

Very respectfully, 

Your obedient servant, 

George M. Robeson, 

Secretary of Navy. 
Lewis R. Hamersly, Esq., 
Editor of the Records of Living Officers. 



Navy Department, 
Washington, January 11, 1870. 
This seems to be a concise statement of the services of the Living Officers of the 
Navy, as shown by the records of this Department. 

D. D. Porter, 

Vice-Admiral. 



Na\t Department, 

Washington, May 16, 1878. 
Lewis R. Hamersly, Esq., 

Dear Sir: 

I have to thank you for your Records of Living Officers of the United States 
Navy, wliich reached me this morning. 

Having heretofore had the opportunity of looking over it, I am enabled to say 
that 1 regard it as a most valuable work. You have rendered an important service to 
the Navy, one which I think all officers will thank you for. 

Very respectfully and truly, 

R. W. Thompson, 

Secretary of Navy. 



PREFACE. 



The services of army officers have been recorded by several authors, but 
those of the Navy and the Marine Corps have been wholly neglected, — the 
Official Registers merely giving the name, place of birth, date of last commis- 
sion, and present station. Much more is required, not alone in justice to 
these gallant patriots, but as part of our national history; as an incitement 
to others to pursue the career in which, while performing duty, they won re- 
nown. The present volume endeavors to supply this want. For the con- 
ductors of the public press, who may have occasion to write about these brave 
men, living or dead (for, though glory i.s immortal, those who obtahi it must 
submit to the common destiny of their race), this work will be a treasury of 
facts, accurate in its full details. Henceforth, when an Officer of the Navy 
or Marine Corps passes to the better land, the recording journalist can draw 
upon these pages for the substantial facts of his public service, and not, as 
hitherto, make mere mention of his name. 



ORGANIZATION OF NAYY DEPARTMENT. 

JANUARY ], 1894. 



Secretary of the Navy. 
Hon. HILLARY A. HERBERT. 

Assistant Secretary of the Navy. 
Hon. WILLIAM McADOO. 



Benjamin Micou Chief Clerk. 

Bureau of Yards and Docks. 
Captaiu N. H. Farquhar Chief of the Bureau. 

Bureau of Equipment. 
Comraantler F. E. Chadwick Chief of the Bureau. 

Bureau of Navigation. 
Commodore F. M. Ramsay Chief of the Bureau. 

Bureau of Ordnance. 
Captain W. T. Sampson Chief of the Bureau. 

Bureau of Construction and Repairs. 
Chief Constructor Philip Hkhborn Chief of the Bureau. 

Bureau of Steam Engineering. 
Engineer-iu-Chief George W. Melville Chief of the Bureau. 

Bureau of Supplies and Accounts. 
Paymaster-General Edavin Stewart Chief of the Bureau. 

Bureau of Medicine and Surgery. 
Surgeon-General J. R. Tkyon Chief of the Bureau. 

Office of Judge Advocate General. 
Captain S. C. Lemly .Judge Advocate General. 



RECORDS OF LIVING OFFICERS 

OF THE 

UNITED STATES NAVY. 



EBAE-ADMIRALS ON THE ACTIVE LIST. 

Bancroft Gherardi. — Born in Louisiana, November 10, 1832. Ap- 
pointed from Massachusetts, June 29, 1846 ; attached to frigate " Ohio," 
Pacific Squadi'on, 1846-50 ; steam-sloop " Saranac," Home Squadron, 1850-1 ; 
Naval Academy, 1852. Promoted to Fas.^ed Midshipman, June 8, 1852; 
sloop ''St. Louis," Mediterranean Squadron, 1858-5. Promoted to Mdder, 
1855. Commissioned as Lieidenant, September 16, 1855 ; sloop " Saratoga," 
Home Squadron, 1856-8 ; rendezvous, Boston, 1859 ; steam-sloop " Lancas- 
ter," Pacific Squadron, 1861-2. Commissioned as Lieuttnant- Commander, 
July 16,1862; South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1862; engagement 
with Foi't Macon, 1862 ; steam-sloop " Mohican," special service, 1863 ; com- 
manding steam-gunboat " Chocura," Western Gulf Blockading Squadron, 
1863-4 ; commanding steamer " Port Royal," Western (nilf Bockading 
Squadron, 1864; battle of Mobile Bay, August 5, 1864; commanding 
steamer " Pequot," North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1864—5. Com- 
missioned as Commander, July 25, 1866 ; rendezvous, Philadelphia, 1866-7 ; 
navigation duty. Navy Yard, Philadelphia, 1868-70 ; commanding " Jame.'^- 
town" (third-rate). Pacific Fleet, 1871 ; commanding receiving-ship " Inde- 
pendence," 1872-3. Commissioned as Captain, November 9, 1874; com- 
manding " Pensacola," flag-ship North Pacific Station, 1875-6 ; commanding 
receiving-ship '' Colorado," 1877-80 ; commanding U. S. S. " Lancaster," flag- 
ship European Station, 1881-3; leave in Europe, 1884. Promoted to Com- 
modore, November, 1884; Member of Examining Board, 1884-5; Governor 
Naval Asylum, 1885-6. Promoted to /'ear-Admiral, August, 1887 ; com- 
manding Navy Yard, New York, 1887-9 ; commanding North Atlantic 
Station, 1889 to June, 1893; commanding New York Navy Yard, June 1, 
1893, to date. 

George Eugene Belknap. — Born in Newport, New Hampshire, Jan- 
uary 22, 1832 ; appointed Midshipman from same State, October 7, 1847. 
After a few weeks' instruction at the Naval Academy was ordered, December, 
1847, to the brig " Porpoise," on crui,se to West Coast of Africa ; arrived 
back at Norfolk, April, 1850. Frigate " Raritan," fifty guns. Pacific Squad- 
ron, 1850-53 ; was with the force landed from this ship at Valparaiso, Chili, 
1851, for protection of American citizens during a revolution there. Naval 
Academy, 1853-54, was graduated as Passed Midshipman., June, 1854, and 
ordered to U. S. Coast Survey Steamer " Corwin." Aciing Master sloop 
"Falmouth," 1854-55 ; sloop "Saratoga," 1855. Promoted to i/a.'-to', Sep- 
tember 15, 1855. Commi.ssioned 7yte»/en«j<i, September 16, 1855, and ordered 
to receiving-ship "Ohio," Bo.ston ; sloop" Poi'tsraouth," Asiatic Station, 1856- 
58. On patrol duty several weeks at Canton, guarding American Consulate 
and hongs from threatened attack of Chinese, October and November, 1856. 
Commanded a launch with 12-pounder howitzer and thirty-five men at capture 
and razing to the ground of the Barrier Forts, Canton River, 1856. The 
four forts mounted in the aggregate 176 guns. One gun was a bra.ss piece of 



8 BEAR-ADMIRALS. 

8-inch calibre and twenty-tliree feet in length. Had three men killed and eight 
wounded of his party during these operations. Visited Japan, September, 1857, 
the " Portsmouth " being the second ship to call at Japanese ports after Perry's 
treaty. The " Portsmouth " carried to Minister Townsend Harris the first mail 
he had received in fourteen months. The "Ohio" 1858; "St. Louis," Home Squad- 
ron, 1859-61 ; commanded "St. Louis" boats at both reinforcements of Fort 
Pickens, April, 1861 ; piloted Gen. Harvey Brown and Capt. M. C. Meigs, 
U. S. Engineers, into the fort ; executive-officer gun-boat " Huron ' S. A. B. 
Squadron, 1861-62 ; expedition against Fernandina, St. John's, St. Mary's, 
St. Augustine, etc., March, 1862; captured English steamer ''Cumbria' 
loaded with arms, clothing and medicines, off Charleston, May, 1862. Said 
the captain, when boarded : " This is a bonus of £2000 olit of ray pocket." 
Took the prize to Philadelphia for adjudication ; commissioned Lieutenant- 
Commander, July 16, 1862. Executive-officer iron-clad frigate "New Ironsides," 
eighteen guns, fourteen 11-inch Dahlgren, and two Parrott 200-pounders on gun 
deck, and two 50-pounders Dahlgren rifles on spar deck. The guns of main bat- 
tery had crews of thirty-five men — ten of them for the handling of the heavy 
port shutters. The shutters were seldom closed after the enemy had been quieted 
by two or three broadsides. Special duty at Newport News, November and 
December, 1862 ; then proceeded to Port Royal. At that ^Dort stripped the ship 
of masts and yards and then took station off" Charleston. Many (twenty-seven) 
engagements with defences of that city, comprising the attack of the 7th of April, 
1863, and subsequent bombardments of Forts Wagner, Sumter and Moul- 
trie, and batteries Bee, Beauregard and Johnston. Total number of shells 
fired from broadside of eight guns during siege was 4,489, with aggregate 
weight of 2885 tons. Most rapid fire in action was at rate of 1'.74 per 
shot. On one occasion 490 shells were delivered in continuous round, at rate 
of 2'.86 per fire. Smoke often retarded the pointing and firing At 
fight of 7th of April the spar deck was covered with bags of sand overlaid 
with rawhides, and the sloping sides of the 4-inch armor were plastered with 
grease an inch thick for better resistance of enemy's shot. After that day 
the sand-bags alone were retained for protection against plunging fire. The 
value of such protection was fully demonstrated. The 10-inch solid shot 
from forts would scoop off the bags struck, but leave the deck-plank practi- 
cally uninjured. The 1-inch iron plate underneath, however, would be inva- 
riably shattered. A rebel torpedo boat of "David" pattern succeeded in 
exploding a heavy torpedo under starboard bilge amidships on evening of 
October 5, 1863. Happily the ship received no serious damage, but Acting 
Master Howard was mortally shot as he stood in the gangway hailing the 
" David." For service in " Ironsides " received commendation from her 
respective commanders. Commodores Turner and Rowan and from Admiral 
Du Pont ; ordered to command gun-boat " Seneca," September, 1863 ; trans- 
ferred to command of monitor " Canonicus " off City Point, James River, 
November, 1864 ; engaged Howlett's House Battery, December 5 and 6, 1864 ; 
subsequently proceeded to Beaufort, N. C'., as one of Poiter's fleet. In both 
fights at Fort Fisher, December, 1864, and January, 1865, engaged the 
enemy at closest quarters ; ship aground at times ; received many hits ; men 
knocked down inside of turret by imjoact of shot ; one officer wounded by 
grape-shot from fort during assault ; flag shot away twice ; boats and smoke- 
stack riddled ; guys and davits shot away, and much other damage received ; 
directed movements and fire of the vessel from outside pilot-house and 
turret; commended by Commodore Radford and Admiral Porter. After 
capture of Fort Fisher was ordered to proceed with " Canonicus " to Charles- 



REAR-ADMIRALS. 9 

ton. On advanced picket duty the night the enemy evacuated city and fired 
the last shot at its defences ; also received the last shot from the enemy 
directed to the fleet, an 8-inch rifle shell from Moultrie, February 4, 1863 ; 
accompanied Admiral Dahlgren to the city on the afternoon after the evac- 
uation. That evening, by a ruse, in concert with the late Commodore Bar- 
rett, assisted in the capture of the English steamer " Deer," attempting to 
enter the port ; commanded the '• Canonicus " in Admiral Godon's special 
squadron to Havana in quest of the rebel iron-clad " Stonewall ; " found her 
surrendered to the kSpanish authorities; put "Canonicus" out of commission 
at Phihidelphia, June, 1865 ; ordered to Naval Academy, July, 1865 ; 
detached at own request, August, 1865 ; executive-ofiicer " Shenandoah," 
sailing for Asiatic Station via Cape of Good Hope and Indian ports, 
December, 1865. Promoted to Commander for war service on way out, 
and assigned to command of flag-shij) " Hartford " on arrival at Hong Kong, 
February, 1867; commanded squadron expedition against Indians, Southern 
Coast of Formosa, June, 1867; many stricken with sun-stroke; lost one 
oflicer, shot by enemy ; participated in ceremonies incident to the opening of 
the ports of Osaka and Kobe, inland Sea of Japan, January, 1868; put 
"Hartford" out of commission at New York, August, 186.8; ordered to 
Naval Academy, September, 1868 ; detached at own request, October, 1868 ; 
rendezvous duty. New York, winter of 1868-69 ; navigation officer. Navy 
Yard, Boston, 1869-72; ordered to command the " Tuscarora," May, 
1872 ; sailed for the Pacific via Straits of Magellan the following month ; 
ordered January 1, 1873, to take Commander Selfridge on board at Panama 
and co-operate in the survey for an inter-oceanic canal across the Isthmus of 
Darien ; landed seamen and marines at Panama, April, 1873, to protect the 
transit across the Isthmus during a revolution there ; assigned May, 1873, to 
special duty in the " Tuscarora," having been selected by the Department to 
make deep-sea soundings between the western coasts of the United States 
and the shores of Japan, to determine the practicability of laying a sub- 
marine cable on the bed of the North Pacific ; fitted the ship for the work at 
Mare Island and began operations ofl' San Francisco the following Septem- 
ber ; was supplied with apparatus for sounding with both rope and wire, but 
soon discarded the use of the former altogether, and used the Sir William 
Thomson machine for sounding with piano-forte wire, of gauge No. 22. The 
machine was new and comparatively untried ; improved upon the details of 
its construction and prosecuted the work with great success, working an 
entire revolution in the methods of deep-sea sounding, getting more accurate 
results than had hitherto been obtained with a corresponding economy of 
time and labor. The " Challenger " had been supplied with the Thomson 
machine, but would not attempt its use. The Superintendent of the Coast 
Survey also discouraged its adoption, but Admiral Ammen, then Chief of 
Bureau of Navigation, Navy Department, determined it should be tried on 
board the " Tuscarora ; the result amply sustained his prescient decision ; 
ascertained the " True Continental Outline " from Cape Flattery to San 
Diego ; ran lines of soundings from San Diego to Yokohama via the 
Hawaiian and Bouin Islands ; returning sounded from Cape Flattery via 
the Kurile Islands and the Aleutian group ; found ofl" the east coast of Japan 
the deepest and most extended trough yet discovered in the bed of the great 
oceans. The deepest cast was in 4,655 fathoms, or more than 5t statute 
miles ; invented three diflei'ent cylinders, or cups, for bringing up specimens 
of the bottom, which are now^ in use in the Navy. The cup No. 2, slightly 
altered, has been adopted by the Coast Survey, under the name of the 



10 REAR-ADMIRALS. 

"Sigsbee Cup." The progress and results of the " Tuscarora's " survey excited 
great interest both in this country and in Europe. In an address before the 
Mathematical and Physical Section of the British Association at Glasgow, 
September, 1876, Sir William Thomson spoke of the work in terms of high 
compliment. Sir Wyville Thomson, of the " Challenger " expedition, also 
commended the methods and achievements of the " Tuscarora's " survey in 
his address before the Asiatic Society of Japan, at Yokohama, in February, 
1875, acknowledging the great advance that had been made in deep-sea work by 
the use of the Sir William Thomson machine. Senior officer present at Honolulu 
when riot occurred on the election of David Kalakaua as King of the Haw- 
aiian Islands, February 12, 1874; landed companies of blue-jackets and 
marines from " Tuscarora" and " Portsmouth," restored order and occupied the 
town six days at request of the King, when the new government, being firmly 
established, withdrew the force to the ships ; received therefor the thanks of 
the king, the legislative assembly, the chamber of commerce, and the con- 
sular corps ; detached from " Tuscarora," October, 1874. Ordered as Hydro- 
graphic Inspector U. S. Coast Survey, December, 1874 ; asked for other 
orders, and received orders to command receiving-ship " Ohio," Boston, Jan- 
uary, 1875 ; commissioned Captain, January 25, 1875 ; obliged to go South 
two months later on account of ill health, due to exposure while dohig deep- 
sea work ; went to Pensacola Station as Captain of the Yard. Board of 
Visitors, Naval Academy, June, 1875 ; Board of Examiners at same place, 
October, 1875 ; detached from Pensacola Yard, May, 1876, and put on 
special duty with reference to deep-sea sounding ; December 1, 1876, ordered 
back to Pensacola Yard, as Commandant ; remained in command there 
until January 15, 1881. 

March 11, 18S1, assumed command of the " Alaska," at Panama. Senior 
officer present for greater part of the time on Pacific Coast of Peru and 
Chile ; made a number of deep soundings off the coast of Peru, the deep- 
est in 3,367 fathoms, 100 miles west of Callao Bay. Special duty at Hono- 
lulu with "Alaska "from August to latter part of November, 1882. Nov- 
ember 21, of that year, received from King Kalakaua a commision and dec- 
oration as Knight Commander of the Royal Order of Kamehameha, which 
are now in the custody of the Department of State at Washington. Put 
" Alaska " out of commission at Mare Island Navy Yard, February, 1883 ; 
ordered to Norfolk Yard as Captain of the Yard, June, 1883. 

President Naval Torpedo Board, 1883-84; Senior Member " Dolphin" Ex- 
amining Board, 1885 ; commissioned as Commodore, June 2, 1885, and 
ordered to Washington as Superintendent Naval Observatory. Detached 
from Observatory a year later and ordered, June 15, 1886, to assume com- 
mand of the Navy Yard at Mare Island, California ; commissioned as Rear- 
^o//)( fro/, February 12, 1889. and March 9th detached from command of yard 
and ordered to proceed to Yokohama, Japan, and assume command of the 
naval force on the Asiatic Station; assumed such command April 4, 1889, 
and retained it until February 20, 1892, when was detached and ordered home. 
Was ordered as President of Board of Inspection and Survey, April 17, 
1892; was ordered to Chicago, October, 1892, to represent the Naval Ser- 
vice at the Dedicatory Ceremonies of the grounds and buildings of the Ex- 
position. April, 1893, was ordered, in conjunction with Major-General Scho- 
field, U. S. A., as special escort to Vice- Admiral, the Duke de Veragiia, at 
the Naval Review, New York harbor; supervised the speed trials of the new- 
cruisers, the "Detroit," " Machias," " New York," "Columbia " and " Mar- 
blehead ;" also the final examination and trial of the " Detroit " and " New 



BEAR-ADMIRALS. 11 

York ;" retired from active service under the age limit prescribed by statutes, 
January 22, 1894. Total sea service, twenty-four years, four months; shore 
duty ei<iliteen years, three months ; uneinployed, three years, nine months. 

A. E. K. Benham. — Born in New York, 1882. Appointed from New 
York, November 24, 1847 ; attached to sloop " Plymouth," East India 
Squadron, 1847-8; brig •'Dolphin," East India Squadron, 1849-50, and 
assisted in capture of a ])iratical Chinese junk near Macoo, China, by a 
party under command of Acting Lieutenant (late Rear- Admiral) Jolin L, 
Davis, and in boarding received a slight pike wound in the right thigh ; sloop 
"Plymouth," 1850-1; steam-frigate "Saranac," Home Squadron, 1851-2; 
Naval Academy, 1852-3. Promoted to Passed Midshipman, June 10, 1853; 
sloop "St. Mary's," Pacific Squadron, 1853-7. Commissioned iis Lieutenant, 
September IH, 1855 ; Coast Survey, 1857-8 ; steamer " Westernport," Brazil 
Squadron and Paraguay Expedition, 1858-9; steamer "Crusader," Home 
Squadron, 18()0-1 ; steamer" Bienville," South Atlantic Blockading S(}uadron, 
1861-2; battle of Port Royal, 18()1 ; steamship "Sacramento," 1863. Com- 
missioned as Lieutenant- Commander, July 16, 1862 ; commanding steam gun- 
boat " Penobscot," Western Gulf Blockading Scjuadron, 1863-5, and during 
this time blockaded the coast of Texas for a period of thirteen months with- 
out going into port ; temporary duty, Navy Yard, New York, 1866 ; steamer 
" Susquehanna, ' special service, 1867. Commissioned as Commander, June 
9, 1867; Navy Yard, New York, 1868-9; Light-House Inspector, 1870-1 ; 
commanding " Canonicus," (iron-clad), North Atlantic Station, 1871-2; 
commanding " Saugus,' (iron-clad). North Atlantic Station, 1872-3; Light- 
House Inspector, 1874-8. Commissioned as Captain, March 12, 1875; com- 
manding " Richmond," Asiatic Station, 1878-81; Navy Yard, Portsmouth, 
New Hampshire, 1882-4; LightHouse Inspector, 1885-6. Promoted to 
Commodore, October, 1885 ; President of Board, League Island, 1888 ; com- 
manding Navy Yard, Mare Island, 1889-91. Promoted to Rear- Admiral, 
February, 1890; waiting orders, June, 1891, to June, 1892; commanding 
North Atlantic Station, June, 1892, to date. 

John Irwin. — Born in Pennsylvania, April 15, 1832. Appointed from 
Pennsylvania, September 9, 1847 ; attached to frigate " Cumberland," Home 
Squadron, 1847-8; frigate "St. Lawrence," Mediterranean Squadron, 1849- 
50 ; sloop " John Adams," coast of Africa, 1851-3. Promoted to I^assed 
Midshipman, June 10,1853; steamer "Fulton," Home Squadron, 1854—6. 
Promoted to blaster, 1855. Commissioned as Lieutenant, September 16, 
1855 ; Coast Survey, 1857-8 ; sloop " Savannah," Home Squadron, 1859-60 ; 
steam-frigate " Wabash," flag-ship, South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 
1861-3; capture of forts at Hatteras Inlet; capture of Forts Walker and 
Beauregard ; in charge of boat howitzers ashore at battle of Port Royal 
Ferry. January 1, 1862; bombardment and capture of Fort Pulaski. Com- 
missioned as Lieutenant- Commander, J u\y K), 1862; oi'dnance duty, Phila- 
delphia, 1864; AVestern Gulf Blockading Squadron, 1864-5; s])ecial duty, 
Philadelphia, 1866-7. Commissioned as Commander, July 25, 18(56; com- 
manding steamer "Newbern," North Atlantic Scpuadron, 1868; (H)nnnanding 
steamer "Gettysburg," North Atlantic Squadron, 1868-70; commanding 
"Yantic" (fourth-rate), N. A. Fleet, 1871 ; League Island Station, 1872; 
commanding .R. S "Sabine," 1873-5. Commissioned as Captain, M'Ay \b, 
1875 ; commanding " Peasacola," Hag-ship, Pacific Station, 1875-9 ; Navy 
Yard, Mare Island, 1879-83; special duty, 1884; President of Board of In- 
spection, California, 1884-8. Promoted to Commodore, March, 1886. Wait- 
ing orders, December 13, 1889, to July 12, 1890; Member Board of Inspec- 



12 REAR-ADMIRALS. 

tioTi, July 12, 18f)0, to June, 1891. Commissioned Rear- Admiral, May 19, 
1891 ; commandant Navy Yard, Marc Island, June 9, 1891, to June 7, 1893 ; 
eommandim^r Asiatic Station, June 7, 1891'), to date. 

James Augustin Greer. — Jiorn in Ohio, February 28, 1833. Ap- 
pointed from Ohio, January 10, 1848; sloop " Saratoga," Home Squadron, 
1848-9; steamer " Saranac," Home Squadron, 1850; sloop "St. Mary's," 
Pacific Scjuadron, 1850-2; frigate "Columbia," Home Squadron, 1853; 
Naval Academy, 1853-4. Promoted to Passed Midshipman, June 15, 1854; 
razee " Indei)endeiice," Pacific Squadron, 1854-7. Promoted to Master, 
September 15, 1855. Commissioned as Lieiiteiuud, September 16, 1855; 
Navy Yard, Norfolk, 1858; steamer "Southern Star," Paraguay Expe- 
dition, 1858-9; steamer " Sumter," coast of Africa, 1859-61 ; steamer "San 
Jacinto," coast of Africa, 1861; assisted in the removal of Mason and 
Slidell from the English steamer " Trent." Commissioned as JAentenant- 
(Jommmder, July 16, 1862; sloop "St. Louis," special service, 1862-3; 
Mississippi S(juadron, 1863-5; commanded iron-clads " Carondelet" and 
"Benton," and a division of Admiral I'orter's Squadron; ])assage of Vicks- 
burg, A])ril Ki, 186.'>; fought the batteries of Grand Gulf for live hours, 
April 29, 18()3. An incident of this action was the killing and wounding of 
twenty-two persons on board the " Benton" by one projectile ; Ked River 
Expedition, May, 1863; was engaged in the combined attack on Vicksburg, 
May 22, 1863: was almost constantly under fire during the forty five days 
of the siege of Vicksburg; Red River Expedition, March and April, 1864; 
frequently engaged with small bodies of Confederate troops and guerillas ; 
August and September, 18b4, employed in correcting abuses which existed 
at Naval Recruiting Station, Cincinnati, Ohio ; had connnand of Naval 
Station, Mound City, 111., October and November, 1864; commanded flag- 
shi]) " Black Hawk" until February, 1865; Avas employed under direction 
of vVdmiral Lee in selecting, purchasing and contracting for the conversion 
into gun-l)oats of ten river steamers ; had charge of convoying army tran- 
sports from Johnsonville up the Tennessee River, February, 1865 ; Naval 
Academy, 18(55-6. Comn)issioned as ( hinma)ider, ,lu\y 25, l<i(j(); command- 
ing steamer " Mohongo," North Pacific Squadron, lS()6-7 ; remained four 
months at Acaj)ulco, Mexico, to protect American interests which were 
endangered on account of the downfall of the Mexican Imperial Govern- 
ment ; was commended by State Department for course pursued ; command- 
ing steamer " Tuscarora," North Pacific Squadron, 1868 ; ordnance duty, 
Philadelphia Navy Yard, 1868-9; Naval Academy, March, 1869, until 
July, 1873; in 1873 commanded purchased steamer "Tigress" on the 
"Polaris" Relief Expedition ; August 11, one month and four hours after 
sailing from New York, found the wreck of the "Polaris" at Littleton 
Island, North CJreenland, lat. 78° 23' N. Ascertained that the crew had 
departed for the South in boats ; in the hope of meeting the Scotch whalers, 
cruised without success, in Baffin's Bay and Davis Strait until October 8, 
when, the season being so far advanced, it was deeemed expedient to return 
to the United States; Board of Inspection, 1874-5; commanding steamer 
" Lackawanna," Pacific Station, 1875-7. Commissioned as Captain, April 
26, 1876; commanding training frigate " Constitution," 1877; commanding 
sloo]) "Constellation, J878; employed in taking exhibits to Havre, France, 
for Paris Exposition; commanding steamer 'Hartford," South Atlantic 
Station. 1879; Board of Inspection, 1880-2; Navy Yard, Washington, 
1882-4 ; President of Naval Examining and Retiring Boards, 1885-7. Com- 
missioned as Commodore, May 19, 1886. Appointed Acting Rear- Admiral, 



REAR-ADMIRALS. 13 

August 24, 1887; commanding European Station, 1887-9; President of 
Board on Organization, Tactics, and Drills, 1889 ; on duty as President of 
the Examining and Retiring Boards, 1890; member of Boi«rd of Visitors, 
Naval Academy; Chairman of Light-House Board in 1891. Commissioned 
as Rear-Adinir<il, April o, 1892; President of Kaval Examining and Retir- 
ing Boards, 1892 ; at present on duty as Chairman of Eight-House Board. 

George Brown. — Born in Indiana, June 19, 18.'>5. Ajjjwinted from 
Indiana, February 5, 1849 ; attached to frigate "Cumberland," Mediterra- 
nean Squadron, 1849-51 ; frigate "St. Lawrence," Pacific S(iuadron, 1851-4. 
Fromoted to Passed 3Ii(Jshi]jman, ISoQ. Promoted to Madar, 1850. Com- 
missioned as Lieutenant, June 2, 185G ; sloop " Falmouth," Brazil Squadron, 
1856-9; store-ship "Supply" and sloop "Portsmouth," coast of Africa, 
1859-<50; sloop " Pawnee," 1800; steam-sloop "Powhatan," special service, 
1860-1 ; gun-boat " Octarora," " Mortar Flotilla," and " Wilmington," 
North Carolina Blockade, 1861-2 ; engagement at Vicksburg, June 28, 
1862. Commissioned as Lieutenant Commander, July 16, 1802; command- 
ing iron-clad " Indianola," Mississippi Squadron, 1862-3 ; at the passage of 
Vicksburg and Warrington, February 14, I860 ; action between " Indianola" 
and rebel rams " Wm. H. Webb" and "Queen of the West," and cotton- 
clad steamers " Dr. Batey " and "Grand P>a," at Upper Palmyra Island, 
Mississippi River, February 24, 1863. The engagement lasted (me hour and 
twenty-seven minutes, and resulted in the surrender of the " Indianola " after 
she had sunk below her gun deck, to a force of four vessels manned by over 
one thousand men. The loss of the " Indianola " was one killed and one 
wounded (Lieutenant-Commander Brown) severely, and seven missing, while 
the enemy lost two officers killed and many wounded. Lieutenant-Commander 
Brown and his officers and crew were taken prisoners, but were exchanged at 
Richmond a few months later in the war; commanding steam-gunboat" Itas- 
ca," Western Gulf Blockading Squadron, 1864 ; battle of Mobile Bay, August 
5. 1864; gun-boat "Arizona," 1864-5, — lost by fire, February, 1865; iron- 
clad " Cincinnati," 1865 ; gun-boat " Pocahontas," 1865 ; gun-boat " Hornet," 
1865; naval operations in Mobile Bay, against Spanish Fort and defences of 
city of Mobile from March 28 to April 14, 1865. Commissioned as Com- 
mander, July 25, 1866 ; Navy Yard, Washington, 1866-7 ; as agent of Japan- 
ese government in command of .lapanese iron-clad " Stonewall," 1 867-9 ; com- 
manding " Michigan " (fourth-rate), 1870-2 ; ordnance duty, Boston, 1873-6 ; 
Light-House Inspector, 1 876-8. Commissioned as Captain,lH77. Commanding 
U.S.S. 'Alaska," Pacific Station, 1878-81 ; Light-House Inspector, 1881-4; 
Navy Yard, Norfolk, 1886-9. Promoted to CWworiore, September, 1887; 
commanding Pacific Station, 1890, to December, 1893. Granted leave of 
absence in .Tanuary, 1893, which he kept until commissioned Rear-Admiral 
and ordered to Command Navy Yard at Norfolk. 

REAR-ADMIEALS ON THE RETIEED LIST. 

Retired after fortij-five years service, or on atlainin// the age of sixty-two years, 
in conformity with section 1 of the act of December, 1861, and its amend- 
ments, dated June 25, 1864, aiid act of March 3, 1873, and act of August 
15, 1876. 

Thomas O. Selfridge. — Born in Massachusetts. Apjjointed from 
Massachusetts, January 1, 1818. Commissioned as Lieutenant, March 3, 
1827 ; Exploring Expedition, 1829 ; sloop " Natchez," West India Squad- 
ron, 1830; frigate " Delaware," Mediterranean Squadron, 1834 ; frigate 



14 • REAR-ADMIRALS. 

"North Carolina," 1837 ; rendezvous, Boston, 1840. Commissioned as Com- 
mander, April 11, 1844; Navy Yard, Portsmouth, New Hampshire, 1845 ; 
frigate "Columbus," East India Squadron, 1846 ; commanding sloop "Dale," 
Pacific Squadron, 1848; commanding rendezvous, Boston, 1851-2; Boston 
Navy Yard, 1853-5. Commissioned as Captain, Sej^tember 14, 1855 ; com- 
manding steamer " Mississippi," 1861 ; Commandant Mare Island Navy 
Yard, California, 1862-4. Commissioned as Commodore, July 16, 1862; 
Commandant Navy Yard, Philadelphia, 1867-8 ; President Examining 
Board, 1869. Commissioned as Rear- Admiral, July, 1870. 

Samuel Phillips Lee. — Born in Fairfax County, Virginia, February 
13, 1812. Appointed Mid.^hrpman from that State November 22, 1825; 
ordered to sloop-of-war "Hornet," West India Station, February 7, 1827; 
ordered to line-of-battle-ship " Delaware," and transferred in the Mediter- 
ranean as Captain's Aid to frigate "Java," August 24, 1827; ordered to 
Norfolk School, Virginia, October 16, 1830. Promoted to Fas.^ed MkUhip- 
man, June 4, 1831, and ordered to Navy Yard, Boston, July 28, 1831. 
Ordered to frigate " Brandy wine," Pacific Squadron, as Second Master, and 
transferred to the " Vincennes " as Acting Lieutenant and additional naviga- 
tor, April 17, 1834. Promoted to Lieidenani, February 9, 1837; ordered to 
Exploring Exi)edition, July 19, 1837 ; ordered to West India Squadron, De- 
cember 13, 1839 ; ordered to receiving-ship at Alexandria, Virginia, Decem- 
ber 8, 1841 ; ordered to Coast Survey, April 10, 1842; ordered to command 
Coast Survey schooner " Vanderbilt," August 4, 1844 ; ordered to Navy Yard, 
Pensacola, Florida, November 11, 1844; ordered to command Coast Survey 
schooner " Nautilus," March 9, 1846 ; ordered to coinmand Coast Survey 
brig " Washington," December 29, 1846, on his own application to partici- 
pate in the Mexican war ; was present at the capture of Tobasco, and subse- 
quently transferred to the command of the Coast Survey steamer " Legare." 
He always considered coast-survey duty as one of the best schools of naval 
practice, and advocated its return to the administration of the Navy Depart- 
ment. Ordered to command brig " Dolphin " on special service, to make 
deep-sea soundings, try currents, search for vigias, etc. (report published by 
Congress, 1854), July 3, 1851. Detached and ordered to duty on wind- and 
current-charts, July 7, 1852. Promoted to Commander, September 14, 1855. 
Ordered as a member of Examining Board, March 12, 1858 ; ordered to 
command sloop-of-war " Vandalia," with orders to the East Indies, Novem- 
ber 1, 1860. When he learned, at the Cape of Good Hope, of the rebellion, 
assuming the risk of acting against orders, he brought his ship back, and 
was assigned to the blockade ofi[' Charleston, South Carolina, where he suc- 
ceeded in maintaining it with the "Vandalia," a sailing vessel, when her 
steam consort was blown off. Before the return of the consort, a British 
steam-gunboat ventured in to inspect the blockade, and finding it, under 
such conditions of weather, actual and close, foreign scrutiny was terminated. 
Ordered to command the sloop-of-war "Oneida," January 20, 1862, and to 
report to Admiral Farragut. In the expedition against New Orleans he 
commanded the advance division below the forts, Jackson and St. Phillip. 
In the gun-boat actions, when the gun-boats took part in the bombardment, 
to draw the fire from the bomb-vessels, the "Oneida" was at one time 
engaged alone with both forts. In the action of the passage of the forts, the 
" Oneida " was one of the three vessels first to encounter the enemy's fleet, 
and she relieved the " Varuna " by driving off* the two rams which had 
rammed her, forcing their burning and capturing the commander of the 
" Governor Moore." The " Oneida " participated in the capture of the Chal- 



BEAR-ADMIRALS. 15 

niette batteries below New Orleans ; became advance guard above the city. 
For a time Lee commanded the advance division below Vick&burcr, and par- 
ticipated in both passages of the Vicksburg batteries, the " Oneida " being 
second in line on each occasion. Promoted to Captain, July 16, 1862. Ap- 
pointed Aciing Rear-Adwiral, September 2, 1862, and ordered to the com- 
mand of the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron. Was engaged in 
blockading the coasts of Virginia and North Carolina, and zealously co- 
operating with armies in defence of Norfolk, Newbern and Washington, 
fighting with their iron-clads and heavy fortifications in Trent's Reach, and 
their field-batteries along Grant's line of communication on the James River, 
always securely held while Admiral Lee was in command. For two years 
he fulfilled the arduous duties of this command, perfecting and maintaining 
a vas-t blockade. 

The dangerous navigation of the North Carolina coast, owing to the long 
shoals of Cape Fear, between the two ports into Wilmington ; the nearness 
of the British ports of Bermuda and Nassau, from which steamers of excel- 
lent form and great speed, of low build and gray color, ran at night; the 
immense profits tempting the risks, made the blockade an undertaking of the 
gi-eatest difficulty, and yet the C-onfederacy was, in eftect, isolated, by several 
girdles of cruisers (a system originated by Rear-Admiral Lee), from foreign 
recruits, supplies and munitions of war. Of the total number of blockade- 
running steamers captured or destroyed by this squadron, sixty-five in all, 
fifty-four Avere captured or destroyed by the fleet under Admiral Lee's com- 
mand. Besides blockading, the main duty of the squadron, it, independently 
or in co-operation with the army, was engaged in ninety-one actions and ex- 
peditions during this period. The efficiency and importance of this service, 
together with the small loss from shipwreck on so dangerous a coast, have 
excited the approving comment of foreign military observers. Detached 
and ordered to command of Mississippi Squadron, October 21, 1864. The 
efficiency of this squadron was maintained, notwithstanding the withdrawal 
of a large number of experienced officers. Lee's movement up the Cumber- 
land to support General Thomas was in co-operation with the army against 
the apprehended crossing of the river by Hood and his marching to the 
Ohio. The fiag-ship was stopped at Clarksville by the low stage of water, 
which was still falling on Harpeth Shoals ; the river rising barely enough in 
time to allow Fitch to move the gunboats at N:ishville and participate in the 
defeat of Hood, but not enough to make Harpeth Shoals passable until three 
days later. Army communications were kept open and operations supported 
with vigor and eflfect, and the lower Mississippi was vigilantly guarded against 
the intervention of the trans-Mississippi Confederate forces. The operation 
of the squadron on the Tennessee River prevented Hood on his retreat from 
crossing where the Tennessee was navigable, forcing him to cross six miles 
above the head of navigation on Muscle Shoals, the rocky barrier that effect- 
ually closes navigation for thirty miles above the close piers of Florence 
Bridge, where he had previously crossed. Detached from the Mississippi 
Squadron, August 14, 1865, Avhicli, after much arduous labor, had been dis- 
banded, vessels laid up or sent to other squadrons, officers and men discharged 
or transferred. Promoted to Commodore, July 25, 1866; ordered as Presi- 
dent of Examining Board, August 7, 1 866 ; ordered as member of Exam- 
ining Board to meet at Philadelphia, March 6, 1868 ; ordered as President 
of Examining Board, April 17, 1868 ; ordered as President of Court-Martial 
at New York. May 29, 1868 ; ordered as President of Board of Examiners, 
February 13, 1869; ordered as member of a Board to examine the Atlantic 



16 EEAR-ADMIBALS. 

Navy Yards and was the author of the report to improve them, March 10, 
1869; ordered in charge of Signal Service, Washington, D. C, October 13, 
1869. Promoted Rear- Admiral, April 22, 1870 ; ordered to special duty at 
Navy Department, June 27, 1870 ; ordered to command North Atlantic 
Squadron, August 9, 1870 ; detached, August 15, 1872. Retired, February 
13, 1873. 

Joseph F. Green. — Born in Maine, November 24, 1811. Appointed 
MidfiJiipman, from same State, November, 1827; attached to the sloop-of-war 
"Vandalia," Brazil Sciuadron, 1830; Naval School. Norfolk, 1833. Pro- 
moted to Fasned Midshipman, June 10, 1833 ; frigate " Potomac," Mediter- 
ranean Squadron, 1835-7. Commissioned as Lieutoianf, February 28, 1838 ; 
sloop "Erie," West India Squadron, 1840; frigate "Columbus," Brazil 
Squadron, 1843-5; rendezvous, Boston, 184(i; ship-of-the-line ' Ohio," 
Pacific Squadron, during all of the Mexican War. Lieutenant Green took 
part in all of the important actions on the Pacific Coast. He remained on 
the "Ohio" until 1850; Navy Yard, Boston, 1851-2; ordnance duty, 
1853-4; Naval Academy, 1855-8. Commissioned as Commander, Septem- 
ber 14, 1855; waiting orders, 1859-60; ordnance duty, 1861. Cojnmis- 
sioned as Ca]>tain, July 16, 1862 ; commanding steam-sloop " Canandaigua," 
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1862-4; participated in the bombard- 
ment of Fort Wagner ; ordnance duty, Boston Navy Yard, 1866-8. Com- 
missioned as Commodore, July 24, 1867 ; special duty, 1869 ; commanding 
Southern Squadron with Atlantic Fleet, 1870-1. Commissioned as Rear- 
Admlral, July 13, 1870. Retired, 1871. 

John J. Almy. — Born in Rhode Island in the year 1815. Appointed 
from that State as Midshipman, February 2, 1829 ; attached to the U. S. S. 
"Concord," Mediterranean, 1830-2; U. S. S. "Ontario," coast of Brazil, 
1833-4 ; examined and promoted to Passed Midshipman, July 3, 1835 ; 
receiving-ship at New York, 1836-7; U. S. S. " Cyane," Mediterranean, 
1838-41, as Acting Master and Navigator. Commissioned as Lieutenant, 
March 8, 1841 ; U. S. brig " Bainbridge," West Indies, 1842 ; frigate " Mace- 
donian," coast of Africa, 1843-5 ; line-of-battle ship "Ohio," Gulf of Mexico 
and Pacific Ocean, during the Mexican War and after the war, 1846-50 ; 
participated in the siege and capture of Vera Cruz and the capture of Tuspan ; 
latter part of the war — 1848 -on the Pacific coast, and commanded one of 
the forts at Mazatlan during the naval occupation of that place ; Coast Sur- 
vey in 1851-6, on the survey of Chesapeake Bay and the sea-coast of Vir- 
ginia and North Carolina ; commanding U. S. S. " Fulton," on the coast of 
Central America, in 1857, when General Walker and his filibustering party 
surrendered to Rear- Admiral Paulding, on board of that vessel at Nicaragua. 
In the operations of the U. S. Squadron against the filibusters, the Com- 
mander-in-Chief, Rear- Admiral Paulding, in his report to the Department, 
said : " Lieutenant-Commander Almy performed his part of the work exceed- 
ingly well, and is an officer who can be relied upon at all times." Com- 
manded the " Fulton ' in the Expedition to Paraguay in 1858-9 ; at Navy 
Yard, New York, 1860-1. Commissioned as Commander, April 24, 1861 ; 
commanded U. S. S. " South Carolina," South Atlantic Squadron under 
Admiral Du Pont, 1862-3 ; U. S. S ' Connecticut,' North Atlantic Squad- 
ron, under Admiral Lee, 1864; U. S. S. " Juniata," South Atlantic Squad- 
ron, under Admiral Dahlgren, 1865. While in command of the " Connecti- 
cut," captured and sent in four noted blockade-running steamers with 
valuable cargoes ; ran ashore and destroyed four others. Commissioned as 
Cajitain, March 3, 1865 ; commanded U. S. S. " Juniata " in a cruise to the 



REAR-ADMIRALS. 17 

Soutli Atlantic (coast of Brazil and south coast of Africa), 1865-7. While 
on the coast of Brazil, rescued the Brazilian brig " Americo " and crew from 
shipwreck, attended with great danger, for which service received the thanks 
of his Imperial Majesty the Emperor of Brazil, Ordnance duty at the Navy 
Yard, New York, 1868-9. Commissioned as Commodore, December 30, 
1869; Chief Signal-Officer of the Navy at Washington, 1870-2, Commis- 
sioned as Rear- Admiral, August 24, 1878, and on the following month 
ordered to, and took command of, the U. S. Naval forces in the Pacific 
Ocean. While at Panama in October. 1873, a serious and violent revolution 
broke out, characteristic of that country, which continued for three weeks. 
The city of Panama and the Panama Railroad were in imminent danger of 
being destroyed. A force of seamen aud marines numbering two hundred, 
under competent officers, was landed from the ships and kept on shore until 
the revolution terminated, affording efficient protection to the railroad, to 
American and to Europeaii interests. Two U. >S. vessels, the Hag-ship " Pen- 
sacola" and the " Beuicia," were the only men-of-war in port. Passengers, 
freight and s])ecie continually passed over the road in safety and without in- 
terruption. For these services Rear-Admiral Almy received the thanks of 
the Panama Railroad Company, the Pacific Mail Steamship Company, and 
all of the consuls and the foreign merchants at Panama. In 1875, while in 
command of the U. S. Pacific Squadron, His Maje.sty, King Kalakaua, of the 
Hawaiian Islands, presented Rear-Admiral Almy with the insignia of the 
Order of Kamehameha I., in appreciation of courtesies and attentions 
bestowed upon His Majesty connected with his visit to the United States, the 
King and his suite having been conveyed to and from the islands in United 
States ships under the orders of, and arrangements made by, the Rear- 
Admiral. Was in command of the U. S. naval forces in the Pacific for two 
years and ten months, returning to the United States in July, 1876. Has 
performed altogether twenty-seven years and ten months' sea-service, the 
largest amount, up to this time, credited to any officer of the navy ; shore or 
other duty, fourteen years and eight months. In April, 1877, was retired, 
having reached the age prescribed by law for retirement. 

R. N. Stembel. — Born in Maryland. Appointed Mid-ihipman from 
Ohio, JMarch 27, 1832 ; .served in schooner " Porpoise " and sloop " Vandalia," 
of We.st India Squadron, 1832-7 ; Naval School, New York, 1837-8 ; Depot 
Charts and Instruments, Washington, 1838-9. Promoted to Passed Mid- 
shipma7i, IS'iH ; served in frigate " Brandywine," Mediterranean Squadron, 
1839-42. ComniLssioned Litutenant, 1843 ; on Coast Survey, 1843-47 ; 
sloop " Germantown," Home Squadron, 1849-50; sloop "Jamestown," 
Brazil Squadron, 1851-4; special duty, Washington, 1855-7; steam-frigate 
"Mississippi," China and East India Squadron, 1857-60; Naval Asylum, 
Philadelphia, 1860-1 ; special duty at Cincinnati, Ohio, in connection with 
Western Gunboat Flotilla, 1861. Commissioned Commander, 1861 ; served 
in Western Gunboat Flotilla, 1861-2 ; Avas in the engagements of Lucas' 
Bend, September 9, 1861 ; Belmont, November 7, 1861 ; Fort Henry, Febru- 
ary 6, 1862 ; bombardment and capture of Island No. 10, from March 16 to 
April 7, 1862 ; with rebel rams at Craighead's Bend, near Fort Pillow, May 
10, 1862 ; besides several minor affairs on the Mississippi River, from June, 
1861, to June, 1862 ; was seriously wounded in the above-mentioned engage- 
ment with rebel rams. May 10, 1862 ; in this affair he was officially reported 
by the Commander and Chief of the " Western Gunboat Flotilla," Charles 
Henry Davis, Flag Officer U. S. N., as having distinguished himself; in- 
valided in consequence of wound, 1863; rendezvous, Philadelphia, 1864; 
2 



18 RKAR-ADMIRALS. 

special duty, Pittsburg, 1864-5. Commissioned Captain, 1866 ; commanding 
steam-sloop " Canandaigua," European Squadron, 1865-7 ; naval rendezvous, 
Boston, 1869-71. Commissioned Commodore, 1870; commanded North 
ycjuadron of Tacific Fleet, 1871-2, and subse(}uently the Pacific Fleet, 1872. 
Connuissioned Rear-Admiral, June 5, 1874. Retired, Decend)er 27, 1872. 

George B. Balch. — Born in Tennessee, January 8, 1821 ; appointed 
from Alabama, I )(Hn'ml)er -'>(), 1887; attached to sloop " Cyane," Mediter- 
ranean Station, 18o8-41 ; schooner " Crainpus," 1841; sloop "Falmouth," 
1842 ; Naval School, 1842. Promoted to FaAml 3fUl^h!pm.an, June 29, 
1843; s})ecial duty, 1845 ; in war with Mexico, November 1, 1846, engaged 
in first attack on Alvarado, by squadron under Commodore Conner ; engaged 
in active oj)erations from May, 1846, to surrender of Vera Cruz, March, 
1847 ; in Mos(|uito Fleet, luider Commodore Tatnall, covering the landing 
of the army under General Scott, March 9, 1847 ; at the time Acting Master 
of the " Falcon ; " INIarch, 1847, engaged in the joint bombardment of Vera 
Cruz with the army, and was {)reseut at the surrender of that city and the 
Castle of San Juan d'UUoa to the military and naval forces ; steamer " Prince- 
ton," Mediterranean Squadron, 1847-8 ; Naval Observatory, Washins^ton, 
1849-50. Commissioned as Licidenaid, August 16, 1850 ; sloop " Plymouth," 
Asiatic Squadron, 1851-5 ; while on the "Plymouth," Lieutenant Balch, in 
command of the advance post at Shanghai, C'liina, was wounded in the hip in 
a fight between the rebels and Imperialists ; Navy Yax'd, Washington, 1H55-7, 
sloop " Jamestown," Home Squadron, 1857-8; sloop "St. Mary's," Pacific 
Squadron, 1858-()0 ; frigate "Sabine," 1860; while on the " Sabine," fell in 
with the transport " Governor " and rescued nearly four hundred marines, 
under Lieutenant-Colonel Reynolds, the transport sinking under the 
" Sabine's " stern, Novend)er 2, 1861 ; in command of steamer " Pocahontas," 
South Atlantic Squadron, 18(51-2 ; volunteered for command of boats in 
taking possession of Tybee Island, December 26, 1861. Commissioned as 
Commander, July 16, 1862; engaged rebel battery at Stono, South C-arolina ; 
in August, 1862, ascended Black River the distance of twenty-five miles, 
and drove rebel battery from earth-works, and engaged rebel infantry on the 
bluffs ; commanding steamer " Pawnee," South Atlantic Blockading Squad- 
ron, 1862-5 ; July 16, I860, was attacked by two batteries, the rebels nuiking 
a simultaneous attack on Cxeneral Terry's forces. They Avere rei)ulsed, and 
Commander 15alch was informed by General Terry that he had saved his 
comnuuul. The " Pawnee " was struck forty-six times. On December 25, 
1863, the " Marblehead " was ojiened on by rebel batteries; the "Pawnee" 
took an infilading position in the Keowah River, and demoralized the enemy 
and caused him to retreat ; afterward captured two rebel guns ; while in 
comnuuul of the " Pawnee," Commander Balch engaged in the combined 
o])erations of the naval forces under Rear-Admiral Dahlgren, and the aruiy 
luider General Foster, in Stono River, South C^arolina, from July 3 to 11, 
l'"^64, and particularly in the bombardment of Battery Pringle, on James 
Island, South Carolina. On February 9, 1865, having with him the "So- 
noma" and " Daffodil," he ascended the Togoda Creek, North Edisto, South 
Carolina, and engaged three rebel flatteries of eleven or twelve guns, driving 
the rebels from their earthworks ; the " Pawnee " was hit ten times, the " So- 
noma" twice, and the " Daff!)dil " twice ; Navy Yard, Washington, 1866-8. 
(Commissioned as Captain, July 25, 1866; commanding flag-ship "Albany," 
North Atlantic Squadron, 18(58-70 ; navigation duty, Washington, 1870-1 ; 
Navy Yard, Washington, 1872. Commissioned as Commodore, August 13, 
1872 ; Governor Naval Asylum, Philadelphia, 1873-6 ; member Light-House 



REAR-ADMIRALS, 19 

Board, 1877-8. Commissioned Bear-Admiral, June 5, 1878 ; member Ex- 
amining Board, 1878; Superintendent Naval Academy, 1879-81 ; command- 
ing Pacific Station, 1881-83, Retired, 1888. 

Thomas H. Stevens. — Born in Connecticut. Appointed from Con- 
necticut December 14, 1836; attached to razee "Independence," Brazil 
Squadron, 1838-41. Promoted to Fussed Midshipman, July 1, 1842 ; sur- 
veying duty. Gulf* of Mexico, 1842-3 ; steamer " Michigan," on the lakes, 
1843-4; Naval Storekeeper, Honolulu, 1845-8; Naval Station, Sackett's 
Harbor, New York, 1849. Commissioned as Lieutennnf, May 10, 1849; 
attached to steamer " Michigan " on the lakes, 1849-ol ; Coast Survey, 
1852-0 ; steam-frigate "* Colorado," Home Squadron, 1858-60 ; command- 
ing steam-gunboat" Ottawa," 1861-2 ; participated in the engagement with 
the rebel fleet at Port Royal, November 4, 1861, and engagement with Forts 
Beauregard and Walker, November 5, 1861 ; battle of Port Royal and cap- 
ture of Forts Beauregard and Walker, November 7, 1861 ; battle of Port 
Royal Ferry, January 1, 1862; engagement with Tatnall's reliel fleet, F(b- 
ruary. 1862 ; capture of Fort Clinch and the towns of Fernandina and St. 
Mary's, and steamer " Darlington," March 3, 1862 ; engagement with 
enemy's riflemen on the St, Mary's River, JNIarch 6, 1862 ; during the months 
of March and April, 1862, Lieutenant Stevens was in command of the first 
expedition up the St. John's River, which captured Forts Steele and Fin- 
negan, with their guns, etc., and the towns of Mayport, Jacksonville, 
Magnolia, and Pulaski, and yacht " America." Commissioned as Com- 
7>iauder, July 16, 1862; commanding steamer "Maratanza," North Atlantic 
Blockading Squadron, 1862 ; present at the battle of West Point, and com- 
mand of the first naval expedition to Cumberland and White Hcuise to 
open the river for and support the advance of General McClellan, May, 
1862 ; present at demonstration against Petersburg and battle of Malvern 
Hill, June, 1862 ; on July 4, 1862, the "Maratanza," under the command 
of Commander Stevens, captured the rebel gun-boat " Teazer ;" commanding 
iron-clad " Monitor," North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1862 ; while in 
command of '" Monitor," covering the flank of McClellan's army on the 
James River and the rear in his withdrawl from the Peninsula; command- 
ing steamer "Sonoma," West India Squadron, 1862-3; capture of schooner 
"Clyde," steamer "Victoria," brigantine " Atlantic," bnrk "Springbok," 
steamer " Virginia," and chase of rebel privateer " Floi'ida " for thirty-four 
hours; commanding iron-clad " Patapsco," South Atlantic S({uadron, 1863; 
while in command of " Patapsco " participated in engagement with P^ort 
Morgan, August 22, attack on Fort Sumter, August 23, and engagement 
with Fourt Moultrie, battery Bee, and adjac^ nt batteries, in command of 
four monitors, August 31 ; on September 1, demonstration against Fort 
Sumter and obstructions ; September 6, engagement with Forts Wagner and 
Gregg and capture of the same; September 7. demonstration against Fort 
Sumter and obstructions, and engagement with all of Sullivan's Island bat- 
teries; September 8, engagement with Sullivan's Island batteries; in com- 
mand of boat assault on Fort Sumter on the night of September 8 ; bom- 
bardment of Fort Sumter, from October 25 to November 4, inclusive ; com- 
manding steam-sloop "Oneida," Western Gulf Blockading Squadron, 
1863-5 ; operations before Mobile, from July 1 to August 3, 1864; to enable 
Commander Mullany (now Rear- Admiral), who had volunteered for the 
occasion to participate in the fight Stevens consented to take the double- 
turreted monitor " Winnebago," and INIullany was assigned to the " Oneida" 
(by this arrangement both of these officers commanded fighting ships) ; com- 



20 RE A R-A DMIRA LS. 

manded monitor " Winnebago " in engagement with Fort Powell, driving 
off reinforcements and supplies, August 4, and in battle of Mobile Bay, and 
capture of rebel ram "Tennessee " and fleet, and at capture of Forts Powell 
and Gaines ; bombardment and capture of Fort Morgan ; while in command 
of " Oneida," May lo, 18()5. off Bocha Chico, Texas, covering left flank of 
tlie army from aj)prehended attack ; present at the ratification of the agree- 
ment for the surrender of the trans-IMississippi army, l)y Generals Curtis, 
Smith, and Magruder ; in command of Texas division of Gulf Squadron, 
July, 1865 ; in August, returned to New York in command of the 
" Oneida." The zeal and conduct with which these arduous duties were per- 
formed during the war of the Rebellion are best shown in the numerous let- 
ters and testimonials in relation to Captain Stevens, from his commanding 
and brother officers, — men whose own experience and valor make them 
best qualified to judge of such services. Upon the occasion of his leaving 
the scjuadron the following letter was addressed him by the late Admiral 
Du Pont : 

" I cannot permit you to leave without expressing my regret at your with- 
drawal from my S(]uadron, having ever found you i)rompt, energetic, skilful, 
and brave in all the duties pertaining to your command. Your operations 
on the St. John's River, as senior-ofiicer of the naval forces which took 
possession of those waters, were attended by circumstances requiring judg- 
ment and discretion, both of which you exhibited in a manner highly satis- 
factory to me. 

" I am, sir, respectfully, your obedient servant, 

"S. F. Du Pont, 
" Flag- Officer Comvianding South Atlantic Blockading Squadron." 

Upon being relieved of the command of the United States Steamship 
"Monitor," then in Hampton Roads, the present Rear- Admiral, John Rodg- 
ers, wrote as follows : 

"In all the time of our companionship on duty you have evinced courage 
and coolness. In our reconnoissance of the forts of Hilton Head previous 
to the grand attack, in the grand attack in which they were taken, in 
the Coo])er River, in the Appomattox, with your vessel aground under 
very trying circumstances, you have exhibited the characteristics of a 
valuable officer. I have not cited occasions of which I have only heard, but 
of which I have been mindful, where your conduct has received the warmest 
praise. Everywhere you have shown yourself a dashing, zealous officer." 

Rear-Admiral Charles Wilkes, in a letter to the Secretary of the Navy, 
in reference to Captain Stevens, writes: 

"I have had many and favorable opportunities, having been associated 
"with him (Commander Steveiis), and he served under my command in the 
James River, and in the West Indies, most of the time under my immediate 
observation. His patriotism is beyond doubt; his ability as an officer is 
second to none in the navy ; he has at all times given me on duty entire 
satisfaction in the performance of his duties, and the zeal with which he exe- 
cuted them. I think him a high-toned officer and a gentleman, and know 
him to be an ornament to the service. His duties engrossed his whole atten- 
tion; ever ready and prompt in their execution, winning my entire satis- 
faction and confidence in his willingness, activity and ability in the execu- 
tion of orders. His command was always held ready for duty, and through 
his example, energy and good management he fulfilled many orders, over- 
coming great difficulties he had to encounter. He is brave and chivalric ; 
no officer could have shown more attachment to the Union cause during the 



REAR-ADMIRALS. 21 

lute war, and none exerted themselves more to maintain and restore the 
Union and uphold the honor of our flag." 

Rear- Admiral Rowan, in his letter to the Department, writes: 
"I have great pleasure in statin<j that no officer (in my opinion) could 
have performed his duties better than did Comnuindcr Stevens during his 
arduous services off' Charleston. I had many ()])portunities of judging of 
his conduct while under the hre of the enemy, and was most favorably im- 
pressed by his coolness, decision of character professional knowledge, in- 
telligence, and energy upon the occasion of every conflict with the enemy 
off' Charleston." 

Admiral Kowan also says: 

"I witnessed, upon one occasion, the gallant and intelligent conduct of 
this officer while engaged with Fort Moultrie and its other defences. I also 
witnessed his gallant bearing on the occasion of the 'Ironsides' attack on 
Fort Moultrie when he passed from his monitor to the 'Ironsides' and back 
to his vessel in a boat, while the fire of Moultrie and its surrounding bat- 
teries was concentrated on that ship." 

Captain Stevens was also specially mentioned in Admiral Farragut's re- 
port of the battle of Mobile Bay; and Captain, now Rear- Admiral, Le Roy 
took occa^^ion to say in reference to this action: 

"Commander Stevens commanded one of the river iron-clads, and I had 
an excellent opportunity toward the close of the action with the fleet of 
observing the cool and gallant condnct of Commander Stevens. In my 
opinion, no officer could have exhibited more coolness, (commander Stevens 
was outside the turrets, perfectly exposed, and as the vessel I commanded 
was close alongside his vessel, both running for the ram ' Tennessee,' and as 
my vessel was the faster and more manageable, he cheered me with words of 
encouragement as I was passing." 

The gallant and accomplished Captains Pcrcival Drayton and C. R P. 
Rodgers, in their official reports of various operations against the enemy, 
make the most honorable mention of this officer. 

Captain C. R. P. Rodgers, now Rear-Adniiral, says: 

"He (Commander Stevens) commanded the expedition which captured 
Jacksonville, and took possession of the St. John's River, where he displayed 
signal energy and judgment. ... In these operations against the enemy, I 
constantly had occasion to observe his imperturl)able coolness, unflinching 
nerve, and thorough a])titude for command. ... I am much impressed with 
his devotion to his country, and the eminent service he has rendered during 
the Rebellion." 

The present Rear- Admiral J. R. M. IMullany, says: 

"I can state that Commander Stevens is known to myself, and the service 
generally, as a gentlemanly and intelligent officer, distinguished for his cool- 
ness anrl gallantry in battle, and for his loyalty to the country and its flag 
<luring the war, and for his active efforts for the supjjression of the late 
Rebellion, being foremost upon all occasions in seeking active service. It 
is, perhaps, worthy of remark, that while Commander Stevens was in com- 
nuxnd of an iron-clad, and under a very heavy fire from the forts at the en- 
trance of Mobile Bay, on August 5,1864, I observed he kept his position 
outside the turret throughout the engagement." 

Ca])tain Daniel Ammen, now Roar- Admiral, says: 

"Commander Stevens and myself were together in the attack on Port 
Royal, afterwards in a demonstration on the citv of Savannah, Georgia, in 



22 REAR-ADMIRALS. 

which I have always thouglit he would have taken the city had he been in 
command.' ' 

Rear-Admiral J. L. Lardner says: 

"(^onnnander Stevens commanded the 'Ottawa,' one of Admiral Du Font's 
Squadron, in part of the years 1861 and 1862. He perforuied his duty in a 
zealous, cflicient, and gallant manner at the cai)ture of Port Royal, on 
November 7, 18(51, and at the capture of Fort Clinch and Fei-nandina, 
Florida. At the latter place, his vessel, the ' Ottawa,' was the first and only 
vessel that got into the harbor on the day of the capture, and Fort Clinch 
was taken ])ossession of and occupied by Commander Stevens." 

Connuander James E. Jouett, now Captain, says: 

"As the executive-otiiccr of the steamer '^Michigan,' he performed his 
duties ])romptly, ciHcicntly and faithfully, setting a noble example of ofbcer- 
like conduct and patriotism. J/c/? ivere tuicertalii in fho>^c (iai/.-<. He stood 
boldly forth in deprecating disloyalty. I served with him in the squadron 
olf Mobile. He sustained the high reputation he had previously made off 
Charleston, South Carolina, for courage and dash. He was spoken of as 
the gallant Tom Stevens." 

Connnissioned as Caj)ta!», July 25, 1866; Light-House Insjiector, 1867-70; 
commanding frigate "Guerriere," European Squadron, 1870-1. Commis- 
sioned as (*()») ;//o(/ore, November 20, 1872; connnanding Navy Yard, Nor- 
folk, Virginia, 1873-6. AVhile on this duty, assigned by the President, at 
the recpiest of the Governor of Virginia, as a member of U. S. Advisory 
lioiird to Harbor Commissioners of Norfolk and Portsmouth; continued 
npon same duty after being relieved as ('ommandant of the Yard, upon ex- 
])iration of term, and also employed as President of Board for examination 
of and report on "Puritan;" special duty, Norfolk Harbor, 187^80. Pro- 
moted to Rcdr-Adiuinil, October, 1879; connnanding Pacific Scjuadron, 
1880-1. Retired, 1881. 

Aaron K. Hughes. — Born in New York State. Appointed Acting 
3n(l'<hij)mnn from New York, October 20, 1838 ; made fii-st cruise in the 
Pacific Ocean, on board the frigate " Constitution," Hag-ship of Com- 
modore Alexander Clayton, Captain Daniel Turner connnanding, from Jan- 
uary, 1889, until November, 1841 ; in February, 1842, wa* ordered to the 
brig " Boxer ; " served in her in the Gulf of Mexico and in the West Indies, 
until the autumn of the same year ; served in the receiving-ship " Pennsyl- 
vania," Norfolk, Virginia, from Januarv, 1843, until June of the same year ; 
was then ordered to the frigate " jNIacedonian," African Squadron, and served 
in her until the winter of 1844. Pn)moted to /'/s.svJ Mids/upDUDi, May 28, 
1844; served in the frigate " Columbia," coast of Brazil, from the fall of 
1845 until the spring of 1846; served during the sunnner of 1846 in the 
office of the United States Coast Survey; in the fdl of same year was ordered 
as Passed Midshipman to the steamer " Mii-higan," on the Western lakes, 
and served in her until the summer of 1848; served in the receiving-ship 
"North Carolina," as Passed jNlidshipman, from fall of 1849 until sunnner of 
1850; was then ordered as Acting Master to the sloop "St. Mary's," which 
order was revoked before that vessel went to sea ; in about a month afler, 
was ordered to the sloop " Albany," and served in her as Acting INlaster in 
the West Indies and Gulf of JNIexico, for two years and one month, and was 
granted leave from her in the latter i)art of the fall of 1852 ; in the winter of 
1852, was ordered as Acting ]\[aster to the receiving-ship "Ontario," where 
he received a warrant as ^[asfc)•, in the line of jn-omotion, and served in her 
until the sunnner of 1853, when he was detached and granted leave of ab- 



REAR-ADMIRALS. 23 

sence. Promntod to Lieidenanf, August, 1853, and in December of same 
year, was oi'dered as Lieutenant in sloo{)-of-\var " Decatur," PaciHc S(|ua(lron, 
until August of 1850 ; made the })assage through the Straits of Magellan, 
from the Atlantic to the ]*acific, occupying eighty-three days, or one hundred 
and eighteen days from Rio Janeiro, lii-a/il, to Valparaiso, Chili; while at- 
tached to this vessel in Puget Sound, Washington Territory, Avhere he passed 
the winter of 1855-(), had an engagement on shore at the town of Seattle, 
with five hundred hostile Indians, who had attempted to murder the inhab- 
itants, pillage and destroy the place; but through the unremitting watchful- 
ness of the late Commodore Guert Gansevoort, their objects were frustrated 
by the landing of the officers and crew of the " Decatur; " engagement com- 
menced at 8 A.M., and ended at 4 p.m., on the 2(tth day of January, 1856. It 
was estinyite<l that the Indians lost thirty-five kilhd and thirty wounded. 
This ended hostilities in the Territory. In the winter of 1 85(1-7, ordered as 
Lieutenant, and served on board the receiving-ship "Alleghany," Baltimore, 
as Executive-OfHcer until the fall of 1857, when he was ordered as Lieuten- 
ant and ]<]xecutive-()fficer to the store-sliij) " Supply," of the African and 
Brazil Stpuidrons, serving until the fall of 1858 ; after a month's leave, was 
again ordered to the receiving-ship " Alleghany," where he served as a Lieu- 
tenant until June, 1859 ; was then ordered as a Lieutenant to the " San 
Jacinto," and served in her as Second Lieutenant, Executive-Officer, and 
about six weeks in command of that vessel, until January, 1800; was then 
ordered by the flag-officer commanding the African Scjuadron to the slooj) 
" Portsmouth " as Executive-Officer, and served in her until June of same 
year; was then reordered to the " San Jacinto," at the Island of Madeira, 
and on her way to St. Paul de Loanda, west coast of Africa, was sent as 
prize-master of the captured slaver " Storm King," and after taking charge 
of that vessel two hundred miles to the westward of the Congo Iviver, and 
conveying six hundred and nineteen recaptured Africans to Monrovia, Li- 
beria, a distance of fifteen hundred miles, delivered them to the charge of 
the Ileverend John Seys, Government Agent tliere; brought the ])rize to 
Norfolk, Virginia, in September, 1800; in December, 18(50, ordered as Lien- 
tenant to receiving-ship "Princeton," at Philadelphia, — served in her until 
April 28, 18()1. on which day he was ordered to the Philadelphia City ice- 
boat, which had been improvised into a man-of-war in less than twenty-four 
hours, as Executive, under Commander (now Rear- Admiral) Oliver S. 
Glisson ; served in her in the Chesapeake, convoying government transports 
with troops and munitions of war, until the middle of May of same year ; was 
then ordered to the frigate " JNlississippi," — served in her as Second lieuten- 
ant and Executive in the Gulf Scjuadron, until October ->1, 1801, when he 
was ordered in command of the steamer " Water Witch;" serving in same 
scpiadron until April, 18(;2, when she was ordered North for repairs; while 
in command of the " Water Witch," in November, 1801, w:is ordered by 
Caj)tain (now Rear-Admiral) L. M. Powell, while lying off Fort Morgan, 
near the entrance to Mobile Bay, to steam in toward the fort and endeavor 
to cutout a schooner, which, in attempting to run in, had grounded under the 
guns of the fort; when within range he opened fire upon the schooner, which 
was vigorously returned by the guns of Fort Morgan, and from the guns of a 
masked battery to the eastward of the fort. This engagement lasted for more 
than an hour, when a signal to haul out of action was made by the officer 
above mentioned. In May, 1802 was ordered to command the gun-boat 
"Mohawk," — served in her under Flag-Officcr and Adniiral I)u Pont, 
South Atlantic Squadron, until June, 18()o ; while at Fernandina, Florida, 



24 REAB-ADMIRALS. 

as senior Naval-Officer, was requested by the military authorities stationed 
there to accompany them on an expedition to St. Mary's, Georgia, for the 
purpose of supplying lumber for the troops. Accordini^ly, on November i), 
1862, the army transport having preceded him, steamed over to that place. 
On approaching the town, they met the army transport with two companies 
of volunteers returning, they having been fired into by rebel troops stationed 
in the town, — one of their men being dangerously, and two suppo.'^ed mortally 
wounded, were sent on board the "Mohawk" for medical treatment. He 
continued on his course to the town and made fast to the wharf, sending an 
officer on shore, who communicated with two women, apparently the only 
inhabitants of the town ; they assured him that the men alluded to had been 
wounded by some foolish boys, —the account did not satisfy him. He then 
offered to give these women a safe conduct to Fernandina, which, they de- 
clined. He then determined to lire into the town, but upon the earnest solic- 
itation of Colonel Rich, commanding 9th Regiment, Maine Volunteers, de- 
cided to leave without molesting the place, upon the express understanding, 
however, that if a single shot was fired at the vessel, he would return and 
bombard the town. He had no sooner left the wharf than volleys of mus- 
ketry were opened upon him from different parts of the town. The channel 
of the river was so narrow that he was obliged to drop anchor in order to get 
the vessel's head up stream, and as soon as this could be done he opened fire 
upon the town and destroyed the greater portion of it, completely driving the 
rebels out of the place. He subsequently learned that one hundred and fifty 
men were concealed there. In June, 18(33, was ordered to command the 
gun-boat " Cimmaron " — served in her in South Atlantic Squadron, under 
Rear-Admiral Dahlgren, until May, 1864; while in her he participated in 
the attack on the enemy's works before Charleston, August 17, 1863. and 
served in other engagements at the same place. In October, 1864, ordered 
to report to Acting Rear-Admiral Lee, as Ordnance-Officer. Mississippi 
Squadron ; in February, 1865, was transferred as Executive-Officer to the 
Mound City Naval Station, in which capacity he served until February, 
1866; in April, 1866, was ordered as a member of the Naval General Coui't- 
IMartial assembled at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and served on it until it 
was dissolved in June, '['!:^i){\ ; in August, 1866, was ordered as Light-House 
Inspector of the Sixth Light-House District, at Charleston, South Carolina, 
where he served until August 7, 1868. Promoted to Lieutenant- Commander, 
July 16, 1862. Promoted to Commander, November 16, 1862. Promoted 
to Captain, February 10, 1869; commanding receiving-ship "Boston," 1870; 
commanding " Pensacola " (second-rate), Pacific Squadron, 1872-4. Com- 
missioned as Commodore, February 4, 1875; commanding Naval Station, 
Port Royal, South Carolina, 1877-8 ; Commandant Navy Yard, Norfolk, 
1879-81. Promoted to i?';'(fr-.4rfHi/m/, July 2, 1882; commanding Pacific 
Station, 1882-3. Retired, ^Nlarch, 1884. 

Edmund R. Colhoun. — Born at Chambersburg, Pa., May 6, 1821. 
Appointed Midshipman from Missouri, Api-il 1, 1839; attached to sloop 
"Marion," Brazil Squadron, 1839-41; frigate "Congress," Mediterranean 
and Brazil Stjuadrons, 1842-4; Naval School, Philadelphia, 1845; promoted 
to Passed Midshipman, July 2, 1845; frigate "Cumberland," Home Squad- 
ron, 1846-7 ; served in the Mexican War, being present at the first attack 
on Alvarado, under Commodore D C-onner, and also under Commodore M. 
C. Perry, at the capture of Tobasco ; receiving-ship at Philadelphia, 1850-1 ; 
frigate " St. Lawrence," Pacific Squadron, 1851-3 ; resigned June 27, 1853. 
Re-entered the Navy as an Acting Lieutenant, 1861 ; commanded steamers 



REAR-ADMIRALS. 25 

" Sliawsheen " and " Huncliback," North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 
1861-2; was in the following engagements : Koanoke Island, February 7 
and 8, 1862; capture of Newbern, March 14, 1862; engagement on the 
Biackwater River, below Franklin, Va., October, 1862; commissioned as 
Commander, November 17, 1862; commander steamer " Ladona," North 
Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1863 ; monitor " Weehawken," South 
Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1863; took part in the different actions 
with Forts Sumter, Wagner, Beauregard, etc , from July 10 to September 
15, 1863 ; commanded monitor " Saugus," 18(j4-5 ; engaged Howlett's Bat- 
tery on James Iliver, June 21 and December 5, 1864; took part in the bom- 
l^ardment of Fort Fisher, December 25, 1864, and its capture, January 15, 
1865 ; was on special duty at New York, 1866. Fleet- Captain, South Pacific 
Squadron, 1866-7. Commissioned as Captain, March 2, 1869; commanded 
monitor "Dictator," 1869-70; flag-ship " Hartford," Asiatic Station, 1873 
-4 ; was in command of the Asiatic Station for fonr months ; was then trans- 
ferred to the " Richmond," flag-ship of the South Pacific Station, being in 
command of her from August, 1874, to July, 1875. Commissioned as Com- 
inodore, April 26, 1876. Relieved Rear- Admiral John Rodgers, in command 
of the Navy Yard, Marc Island, Cal., April 17, 1877. In command of that 
yard until January 15, 1881 ; special duty, 1881-2. Promoted to Rear- 
Admlral, December, 1882. Retired, May 6," 1883. 

Robert W. Shufeldt. — Born in Dutchess County, New York, Febru- 
ary, 1822. Appointed Midshipman, fi-om New York, May 11,1839; first 
cruise in the frigate " Potomac,'' 1839-41 ; Brazil Station, in brig " Bain- 
bridge," Home Squadron, as Acting Master, 1842-4; at Naval School, 
Philadelphia, 1844—5. Promoted to Passed Midshipman, July 2, 1845 ; on 
Coast Survey, 1845-6; in sloop "Marion" and frigate " United States," 
west coast of Africa and Mediterranean, 1846-8; in U. S. Mail Steamers 
"Atlantic" and "Georgia," as Chief Officer, 1849-51. Promoted to Master, 
February 21, 185;]. Commissioned a.s Lieutenant, 1854; resigned, June 21, 
1854. (While out of the Navy he was active in the organization of the 
Steam Commercial Marine of New York, and after serving two years in the 
Collins line of steamers between New York and Liverpool, superintended 
the building of and commanded the steamers "Black Warrior" and 
"Catawba," between New York aiad New Orleans.) Was engaged for a 
year in the effort to open a transit route across the Isthmus of Tehauntepec. 
At the commencement of the war was commanding the steamer " Quaker 
City." between New York and Havana, when he was appointed Consul- 
(reneral to Cuba by President Lincoln ; served in that office for two years, 
under very trying circumstances. He resigned that commission in April, 
1863, and accepted a commission in the Navy as Commander, previously ten- 
dered. In 1862, while Consul-General, was sent to Mexico on a special mis- 
sion. At this time the French troops were in possession of Vera Cruz, and 
it required some discretion to reach the capital and perform the duty 
recpiired. This, however, was accomplished. His commission was dated 
November 19, 1862. In May, 1863, commanded the " Conemaugh," South 
Atlantic Squadron. AVas present and participated in the capture of Morris 
Island and in several of the attacks upon Fort Wagner. Commanded the 
" Proteus," East Gulf Sipiadron, 1864-5, and was Senior Naval Officer in the 
attack ujion St. Marks, Florida; commanding flag-ship " Hartford," Atlantic 
Squadron, 18()5-6, and steam-sloop " Wachusetts." 1866-8, on the same 
Station ; commanding Naval Rendezvous, New York, 1868-9. Commis- 
sioned as Cajjtain, Decemhev 31, 1869; commanding monitor " Miantouo- 



26 REAR-ADMIRALS. 

mah," 1870 organized ; commanded Teliauntepec (Nicaragua) Surveying 
Expedition, 1870-1, but relin(juished the command of the hitter on account 
of health ; comniandino; flag-ship "Wabash" and " Plymouth," European 
Squadron, 1871-2; Navy Yard, New York, 1872-4; Chief of Bureau of 
Equipment and Recruiting from Februaiy 1, 1875, to November, 1878. 
While there he reorganized the Naval Apprenticeship System upon its present 
basis. Commissioned as Commodore, September 21, 1870. In 1878 he had as 
his flag-ship the steam-sloop " Ticonderoga," and made a commercial and 
diplomatic cruise around the world under the auspices of the State Depart- 
ment ; was ap]5ointed arbiti'ator by the English and American governments 
to settle the Liberian Boundary Question, and also authorized to open nego- 
tiations with the kingdom of Corea for the protection of American life and 
property ; was Naval Attache at Peking, China, 1881 ; was appointed Special 
Agent, with full power, by President Arthur to negotiate a treaty with Corea. 
This was accomplished, and the tieaty signed IMay, 1882. This was the first 
treaty made by that country with any western power, and ojiened it to the 
commerce of the world. President of the Naval Advisory Board, 1882-4, 
and Superintendent of the Naval Observatory, 1883-4. Promoted to Bear- 
Admiral. 188o. Retired, February 21, 1884. In 1855 was President of 
Board of Visitors at the Naval Academy, Annapolis. 

Alexander Golden Rhind. — Born in New York. Appointed from 
Alabama, September 8, 1838 ; attached to line-of-battle ship " Ohio " and 
sloop "Cyane," Mediterranean, 1839-41; sloop "Warren," West Indies, 
1842-3 ; frigate " Macedonian," coast of Africa, 1843-4 ; Naval School, Phila- 
delphia, 1844-5. Promoted to Passed Midshipman, July 2, 1845 ; brig 
"Washington," Coast Survey, 1845-6; Home Squadron, coast of Mexico, 
until end of the war ; present at Alvarado and Tobasco ; steamer " Water 
Witch," Home Squadron, 1848 ; Coast Survey schooner " Ewing," to Cali- 
fornia, 1849-50; sloop "St. Mary's," East Indies, 1850-1; Coast Survey, 
1851-4. Promoted to Master, April 30, 1853. Commissioned as LieiUenant, 
February 17,1854; sloop "John Adams," Pacific Squadron, 1855; sloop 
"Constellation," coast of Africa, 1859-61; commanding steam-gunboat 
"Crusader," South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1862; participated in 
various small affairs at North Edisto ; shoi*e fight at Seabrook's Plantation, 
South Carolina, the crew of the " Crusader " defeating a rebel mounted force, 
aided by a company of a Pennsylvania regiment from Edisto ; capture 
and destruction of rebel works commanding South Edisto, Dawho, and 
Pon-Pon Rivers, for which he received the thanks of the Department. 
Commissioned as Lieutenani- Commander, July 16, 1862 ; commanding steamer 
"Seneca," South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1862; commanding iron- 
clad steamer " Keokuk," South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1862-3 ; 
commanding ber in the attack on defences of Charleston, April 7, 1863. In 
this engagement the " Keokuk " was struck ninety times in thirty minutes ; 
nineteen shots ]iierced her through, at and just below the water-line. Find- 
ing it impossible to keep his vessel afloat under such an extraordinary fire. 
Commander Rhind witlidrew from action. Being in smooth water, he 
managed to keep his vessel afloat during the night, although the water was 
pouring into her in many jflaces, but at 7.30 a.m. on the following morning 
she went down ; the oflicers and crew were saved, but lost all their eflects. 
Commissioned as CommaiHler. ^'Awnavy 2 1863; commanded steamer "Paul 
Jones," South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1863, and took part in various 
engagements Avith Fort AVagner, and other defences of Charleston ; com- 
manded steam-frigate " Wabash," flag-ship South Atlantic Blockading Squad- 



REAR-ADMIRALS. 27 

ron, 1863; commanding steam-gunboat "Agawani," North Atlantic Block- 
ading Squadron, 1864-5, and on duty in James River from May to October, 
1864. Engagement with rebel batteries at Deep Bottom, August 13, 1864. 
Rear- Admiral Lee, in his report of this affair, thus speaks of Connnander 
Rhind : " I take great pleasure in calling the attention of the Department to 
the gallantry and endurance displayed by Commander Rhiud of the 
' Agawam,' and the officers and men under his command, in the engagement 
■with three rebel batteries, August 13, 1864, reported to the De])artment by 
Chaplain Smith, divisional commander on the James River." Commander 
Rhind received thanks of the Department in letter dated Sej^tember 7, 1864. 
In December, 1864, Commander Rhind was detailed by Admiral Porter to 
command the powder-boat " Louisiana," and on the night of the 23d that 
vessel was exploded within three hundred and fifty yards of Fort Fisher, the 
officers and men being taken off by the steamer " Wilderness." Rear-Admi- 
ral Porter, in his official report to the Navy Department, says, " In conclu- 
sion, allow me to draw your attention to Commander Rhind and Lieutenant 
Preston. They engaged in the most perilous adventure that was, perhaps, 
ever undertaken. As an incentive to others I beg leave to recommend them 
for promotion." Commanding receiving-ship " Vermont," New York, 1866-7 ; 
C'immanding Naval rendezvous, New York, 1868; Navy Yard, New York, 
1869-70. Commissioned as Captain, 1870 ; commanding " Congress," (second- 
rate), European Station, 1872-3 ; Light-House Inspector, 1876-9. Commis- 
sioned as Commodore, September 30, 1876 ; Pi'esident Board of Inspection, 
1880-2 ; Governor Naval Asylum, 1883. Promoted to Bear-Admiral, Octo- 
ber, 1883. Retired, 1883. 

Thomas S. Phelps. — Born in Maine. Appointed from Maine, January 
17, 1840 ; attached to sloop " Preble," coast of Labrador and Bay of Fundy, 
March to December, 1840; Mediterranean Squadron, January, 1841, to Sep- 
tember, 1843; sloop " Boston," Brazil Squadron, October, 1843, to February, 
1846; Naval School, February to July, 1846. Promoted to PaA*e(/ Mid- 
shipman, July 11, 1846; sloop " Boston," Gulf Squadron, October 5, 1846; 
Avrecked on the Island of Eleuthera, West Indies, November, 16, 1846 ; de- 
tached and ordered to steamer " Polk," for war and special service; in Mexico, 
February 20, 1847 ; after-section filled with water off Cape Hatteras, April 1, 
1847 ; returned detached, and ordered to Coast Survey, May 7, 1847 ; attached 
to schooners " Nautilus," " J. T. Mason," and steamer " Legare," until June, 
1849; razee "Independence," Mediterranean Squadron, June, 1 849, toDecember, 
1850 ; frigate "Constitution," same squadron, December, 1850, to February, 
1851 ; schooner " Graham," steamers " Legare " and " Hetzel," Coast Survey, 
May 1, 1851, to November, 1852 ; receiving-ship "Pennsylvania," November, 
1852, to January 1, 1853; steamer " Fulton," one month, — rejoined " Penn- 
sylvania," and attached until December, 1853 ; surveyed Elizabeth River and 
Norfolk Navy Yard ; sloop " Decatur," Pacific Squadron, December, 1853, to 
April 15, 1857 ; served throughout the Indian War in Washington Territory, 
1855-6; battle of Seattle, January 26, 1856. Promoted to Master, March 1, 
1855. Commissioned as LleidenaiU, September 14, 1855 ; battle of Seattle 
W. T., January 26, 1856 ; ordnance duty, Norfolk, Virginia, May, 1857, to 
September, 1858; Paraguay Expedition and Brazil Squadron, September, 
1858, to June, 1859 ; steamer "Crusader," Home Squadron June 16, to Au- 
gust 24, 1859 ; commanded steamer " Vixen," Coast Survey, and on special 
service, August, 1859, to September, 1861 ; attached to expedition for the 
relief of Fort Sumter, March, 1861. " In organizing the government for war, 
it was decided by the Chiefs of Departments that one naval officer skilled in 



28 REAR-ADMIRALS. 

siirveyin?: should be detaclied for special service to co-operate witli army and 
navy, and Lieutenant Phelps was selected by ballot for that duty." In con- 
sequence of the destruction of life-boats, buoys, and ranges, and the ei'ection 
of heavy batteries by the rebels, the Potomac River was rendered almost im- 
passable and at this critical moment, when the safety of Washington was 
hazarded, a survey and chart of the river became imperative. For this pur- 
pose, six steamers were placed at the disposal of Lieutenant Phelps. Selecting 
two, he, in June, successfully executed the work, which fully answered the 
requirements of the country. Transferred to steamer " Corwin " for secret 
service, September 24, 1861. Examined five of the inlets of Xorth Caro- 
lina, and surveyed and buoyed Hatteras Lilet, for the introduction of expe- 
ditions into the interior waters of that State ; skirmLshed with rebel gunboats, 
Pamlico Sound, November 9, 1<S61; engagement with rebel gunboat "Curlew*," 
Hatteras Inlet, November 14, 1861; received comi)liments of Secretary of 
Navy ; secret service in Virginia waters, December, 1861 ; attached to North 
Atlantic Blockading Squadron, March, 1862 ; assigned to command of divi- 
sions for operations in rear of Gloucester Point, Virginia, April 1,1862; 
York River, April 21, three engagements with Yorktown and Gloucester 
Point batteries; skirmish with rebels, Queen's Point, Virginia, captured five, 
and caused the destruction of two of the enemy's vessels, — prevented destruc- 
tion of White House bridge, May 4, 1862 ; frequent skirmishes with main 
body of rebel army retreating from Yorktown, May 5 and 6 ; battle of West 
Paint, Virginia, ascended the Matipony River, and prevented the junction of 
a large force of rebels with main army, May 7 ; made reconnoissance charts 
of Matipony and Pamunky Rivers. Commissioned as Lieutenant- Commander, 
July 16, 1862. In obedience to the demands of Congress and an order of 
the Navy Department, executed a close and complete survey of the Potomac 
River, opposed in the work by enemy's infantry and artillery, July 29, 1862, 
to March 1, 186.'5 ; commanded steamer " Corwin," on specieJ service, from 
March, 1868, to December, 1864, — principally employed in making surveys 
in anticipation of naval and military movements, and in examining dangers 
in the way of blockaders and transports ; iron-clad " Saugus," December, 
1864; steam-sloop "Juniata," January o, 1865 ; commanded the " Juniata" 
at the capture of Fort Fisher, January 15, 1865 ; South Atlantic Blockading 
Squadron, January 21, 1865 ; commanded steamer " Lenapee," Atlantic 
Coast Squadron, March 2, 1865, to April 8, 1867 ; senior oflScer on coast of 
North Carolina, from March, 1865, to December, 1865. Commissioned as 
Commander, August 5, 1865 ; Mare Island Navy Yard, California, 1867-70 ; 
commanding R. S.. "Independence," 1870-1; commanding steam-sloop 
"Saranac," N. P. Station, 1871-8. Commissioned as Captahi, June 19, 1871; 
Navy Yard, Mare Island, Califi)rnia, 1878-7 ; commanding receiving-ship 
"Independence," September, 1877, to March, 1879. Promoted to Commodore, 
January 18, 1879 ; commanding Navy Yard, Mare Island, Cal., January 15, 
1881, to March 15, 1888; commanded South Atlantic Station, 1883-4. 
Promoted to Bear- Admiral, March 1, 1884. Retired, November 2, 1884. 

F. A. Roe.— Born in Elmira, N. Y., October 4, 1828. Appointed 
Acting Midshipmin^ October 19, 1841 ; after six months' service at sea was 
warranted, Februaiy 8, 1842; ordered to s!oop-of-war "John Adams;" 
served a full cruise on the coast of Brazil and south and east coast of Africa ; 
detached from the " John Adams," May 29, 1844; ordered to sloop-of-war 
"Yorktown," September 8, 1844; made three cruises on thnt ship on the 
west coast of Africa, as a Mid>fhipman doing a Lieutenant's duty as a war- 
rant oflicer ; detached from the "Yorktown," June 4, 1846 ; ordered to the 



REAR-ADMIRALS. 29 

sloop-of-war " Boston," October 5, 1846, bound to the Gulf of Mexico to join 
the squadron under Commodore O. H. Ferry, blockadhig Vera Cruz, Mexico ; 
was shipwrecked on that vessel on Eleuthera Island, West Indies ; ship was 
a total loss ; detached from the "Boston," February 24, 1847; ordered to 
the steamer ' Alleghany," fitthig out at Memphis, Tennessee, February 24, 
1847 ; served on that vessel until her arrival at Norfolk, Virginia, October 
20, 1847. Detached from t!ie "Alleghany" and ordered to the Naval Acad- 
emy, Annapolis, Md., October 20, 1847 ; graduated from the Naval Academy, 
July 12, 1848, and promoted to Pasiied Midtihipniaii from August 10, 1847, 
being a year late in going to the Academy ; detached from the Academy 
and granted ninety days' leave of absence, July 12, 1848. Ordered to the 
sloop-of-war "Albany," September 26, 1848, and cruised in the West India 
Fdands; detached from "Albany," August 13, 1849; was dismissed irom 
the service by sentence of court-martial, for disobedience of an illegal order, 
October 23, 1841) ; reappointed a Passed Mldskipinan from August 10, 1847, 
to take original rank and place in Navy List, September 27, 1850. Ordered 
to Coast Survey, but the orders were revoked, October 9, 1850 ; ordered as a 
watch officer to the naval steamer "Georgia;" served two years as Execu- 
tive Officer of the "Georgia," October 23, 1850; detached from the 
"Georgia," November 24, 1852 Ordered to the brig "Porpoise," of the 
North Pacitie and Behring Strait Expedition, December 2, 1852, (was ap- 
pointed Acting Master to do the duty of Lieutenant) ; served as Executive 
Officer of the " Porpoise " until the reorganization of the squadron in China 
under the Acting Commodore, John Kodgers, in August, 1854. AVhile in 
Chiiui, as Executive Officer of the " Porpoise," had an action with a fleet of 
thirteen heavy armored pirate junks, in Konlan Bay ; destroyed six of these 
junks, defeated the pirate fleet and dispersed its vessels. It was a hot action 
of two hours, Ibught under canvas imder way. Detached from the " Por- 
poise," August, 1854 ; ordered and appointed an Acting Lieutenaiit, com- 
manding and Executive Officer of the flag-ship " Vincennes," exploring ex- 
pedition ; made a cruise in the Arctic regions as high as latitude 72° 5' N., 
and along the north and east coasts of Siberia and Japan, and Kurile 
Islands; detached from the squadron and the "Vincennes,'' November 3, 

1855, and on arrival at San Francisco, Cal., ordered East to await orders ; 
warranted as a Master in the Navy, August 8, 1855. Promoted to a Lieuten- 
ant, September 14, 1855 ; total service to this date, ten years and nine 
months; ordered to the Coast Survey schooner, "Bowditch," February 21, 

1856, coast of Georgia, surveying coast ; detached from the Coast Sur- 
vey Service and ordered to the frigate "Macedonian," (Fourth Lieuten- 
ant), April 17, 1858 ; served the cruise in the "Macedonian " in the Gulf of 
Mexico and Mediterranean ; detached from the Mediterranean on expiration 
of cruise, July 14, 1860 ; ordered to ordnance duty. New York Navy Yard, 
September 13, 1860; service as Assistant Inspector of Ordnance until July 
14, 1861, when applied for service afloat at the front, civil war being de- 
clared ; ordered to the U. S. S. " Pensacola," August 2, 1861, at W^ashington, 
D. C, fitting out for passage down the Potonuxc, which was blocked by rebel 
batteries. AVMiile preparing ibr sea was ordered temporarily, in great haste, 
in consequence of the battle and defeat at Bull Run, with 500 seamen to oc- 
cupy Fort EUsNvorth, near Alexandria, Va. Occupied the Fort, which was 
General McClellan's left, until the army moved, when he returned to the 
" Pensacola." Was Executive Officer of the " Pensacola " at the memorable 
passage of that ship down the Potomac River, through nine miles of batteries 
under constant fire. Passage successfully made, accompanied by the Presi- 



30 REAR-ADMIRALS. 

(lent and his Cabinet until under fire. Carried the ship (" Pensacohi ") to 
New Orleans, led the starboard (van) oolunni of the Farragut fleet at the 
battle and i)assage of Forts Jackson and St. Phillip, and eighty miles above 
the Chalmctte Forts (earthworks and heavy guns). Was s])ec'ially com- 
mended for good conduct on this occasion by Commodore Henry Morris, and 
recommended for promotion to grade of Commander ; detaclied from the 
" Pensacola," at New Orleans, August 5, 18(52, and ordered to command the 
gun-boat " Katahdin," and same day fought the battle of Baton Kouge, 
against John C. Breckenridge. Promoted to the grade of Lieutenant- Com- 
mander, by appointment, August (5, 1862 ; detached from " Katahdin," Feb- 
ruary 2, 1863, and ordered North by Admiral Farragut on account of fail- 
ing health. During this service on the Mississippi was in several engagements 
and constant skirmishes with the enemy, fights at Plaquemine, lionnt't C.arre, 
College Point, and the engagement with and destruction of the Rebel iron- 
clad ram "Arkansas." Commissioned a Lieutenant-Commander from July 
16, 18(52, on March 4, 1863; and ordered to command the "Neptune," 
August 27, 1863, but orders changed on September 4, 1863, and ordered to 
command the double-ender and paddle-wheel steamer " Sassacus," fitting out 
at Boston. Commanded the "Sassacus'" off' Wilmington on the blockade for 
two weeks, and destroyed two valuable blockade runners (English steam- 
ships). AVas ordered to the sounds of North Carolina, until July 20, ,1864 
when detached on account of sickness and sent to the hospital, Norfolk Va., 
During the service of North Carolina was engaged in action with the Rebel 
ram " Albemarle " and gun-boat '' Bombshell." The battle took place on 
May 5, 1864, in Albemarle Sound. Attacked in the evening by broadside of 
shot at close quarters and ramming. The ramming disabled the " Albe- 
marle," and she retreated, leaking badly, up the sound to Plymouth, N. C, or 
Roanoke River. To keep from sinking, the ram ran aground at a spot near 
Plymouth. The "Bombshell," a small gun-boat, surrendered to the "Sassa- 
cus," in the first of the engagement, and her surrender was received by the 
" Sassacus," which took possession of her. July 22, 1864, is dated a letter of 
thanks and commendation from the Secretary of the Navy, and advancement 
of five numbers in grade for her connnander for "gallant and meritorious 
conduct before the enemy." Having been discharged from the hospital on 
November 11, 1864, was ordered to command the U. S. ship "Michigan," on 
the Lakes. Daring this command he suji})ressed a general insurrection of 
the miners of the ii'on region at j\Iar(|uette, and of the copper region at 
Houghton , saved the town of INIarquette i'vom being sacked by miners, and 
had the privateer " (leorgian," cajitured by English authority at CoUingswood, 
Canada. Detached from the " ^lichigan " and Lake service, and wait orders, 
April 7, 186(5; ordered to the " JNIadawaska," June 13, 18(56 (subsequently 
the "Tennessee"), as Executive Officer of trial service of the engineers and 
machinery. Promoted to the rank of Co»wu??»c/e/-, July 25, 18(5(5; succeeded 
Commodore S. C. Rowan, xVugust, 1866, in the command of the " Mada- 
waska," until the completion of the work ; detached from the " Mada- 
waska," January 29, 1867, and ordered to " Tacony," double-ender, fitting 
out at Norfolk, Va., fi)r Gulf of Mexico. Was ordered by Rear-Admiral 
Palmer to commnnd the Mexican Gulf Division of his squadron, and sta- 
tioned at Vera Cruz. During this command at Vera Cruz, at the time of 
the capture and execution of the Prince Maximilian, and during the change 
of government to a republic under the President Juarez, saw the last of the 
evacuation of the French from Mexico. Took the famous Santa Ana a 
prisoner out of an American steamer, and sent him out of Mexico. Was 



REAR-ADBIIRALS. 31 

employed frequently as iiegotiatoi' between General Benevidez, of the Re- 
])ublican army, and Burreau, the Imperial Governor of Vera Cruz. Received 
the surrender of Vera Cruz and San Juan d'Ulloa from the hands of General 
Gomez, who refused to surrender to Benevidez or Juarez, where Maximilian 
was executed. Preserved order in Vera Cruz and established a provisional 
government until the city was occupied by the Republican troops under 
Benevidez. Detached from the "Tacony," at Pensacola, August o, 1867, 
after Mexican affliirs were settled, and ordered to Washington. Sent for by 
the President (Johnson) in cabinet-meeting, and received his thanks and 
congratulations for good conduct in Mexico. On this occasion President 
Johnson oi-dered the Secretary of the Navy, Mr. Welles, to promote this 
officer, but the verbal order was forgotten and not carried out. Ordered as 
Fleet Captain of the Asiatic Fleet, under Rear-Admiral S. C. Rowan, 
August 3, 1807, in U. S. frigate " Delaware " [nee " Piscatacpia "), fitting out 
at Portsmouth, N. H. Served full cruise, three years, as Fleet Captain in U. 
S. frigate " Delaware," Asiatic Station. Sea service to that date, twenty-two 
years and seven months; shore service three years; detached from "Dela- 
ware," -November, 1870, having arrived at New York from China, and wait 
orders; ordered to Examination Board for promotion, March 15, 1872. 
Commissioned as Cuptain, Ay)\'\\ 1,1872; ordered to command naval ren- 
dezvous, at San Francisco, Cal., August 5, 1872 ; detached and waiting 
orders, ^larch, 17, 1873; ordered as Executive Officer and Captain of the 
Yard, Boston Navy Yard, June 12,1873; detached, and ordered to com- 
mand the frigate " Lancaster," at Key West, Fla., bound to Brazil, February 
28, 1874; made cruise to Brazil, and served as flag-ship; was chief of stall' 
again ; detached from " Lancaster," having returned from cruise, Brazil 
Station, July 16, 1875 ; ordered to Naval Station, New London, August 9, 
1875 ; detached from Naval Station, at New London, and placed on furlough 
by Secretary George M. Robeson, July 18, 1876 ; ordered as member of 
Board of Examination at Naval Academy, Annapolis, March 3,1879; de- 
tachicd from that duty, April 5, 1879 ; ordered as president of a Board to re- 
vise the allowance books of the Bureaus of the Navy Department, under 
commission as CupUxiii, November 7, 1879; received letter of commendation 
from Admiral Le Roy, with whom he served as Chief of Staff, etc., etc.; 
having completed the work of the Revisory Board, was detached and placed 
on waiting orders ; ordered to Torpedo Station, Newport, R I., July, 1883, 
as president of a Board of Examiners, of a class of thirty commissioned officers, 
with ex])eriments and conduct of that station ; in August completed, and de- 
tached again for duty ; ordered as Governor of the U. S. Naval Station for 
Retired Seamen (Naval Asylum), at Philadelphia, October 31,1883 ; relieved 
Rear-Admiral A. C. Rhind on that day, and assumed command. Commis- 
sioned ViRear-Admirnl in the Navy, November 3, 1884; passed the examina- 
tion before two boards, medical and professional ; detached from the command 
of the Naval Asylum, Philadeljihia, October 4, 1885, and transferred to the 
retired list, having reached sixty-two years of age. 

Samuel R. Franklin. — Born in Pennsylvania. Appointed from Penn- 
sylvania, February l.S, 1841 ; attached to frigate " United States," Pacific 
Squadron, 1841-3; store ship " Relief," Pacific Squadron, 1845-7 ; present 
at the demonstration upon Monterey, the enemy offering no resistance, 
and the place being occupied without a battle ; Naval School, 1847. 
Promoted to Passed Midshipman, August 10, 1847; razee " Independ- 
ence," Mediterranean Squadron, 1849-52; Coast Survey, 1853-5 Com- 
missioned as Lieutenant, September 14,1855; Naval Academy, 1855-6; 



32 REAR-ADMIRALS. 

sloop '' Falmouth," Brazil Squadron, 1857-0 ; sloop " Macedonian," Home 
Squadron, 1859-00 ; steam-sloop " Dacotah," Atlantic coast, 1861-2 ; was a 
volunteer on board of the ''Roanoke" in the action with the " Merrimac." 
March, 1862, in which the "Congress" and "Cumberland" were destroyed. 
The "Roanoke " was engaged with the forts at Sevvell's Point, but grounded, 
and did not get fairly into the action. Executive Officer of the " Dacotah " 
in the attack upon the batteries at Sewell's Point in the spring of 1862. 
Cornm'issioned as Lieuteiiant- Comma iide7', July 16, 1862; commanding the 
steam gunboat "Aroostook," James River flotilla, 1862 ; commanding "Aroos- 
took," Western Gulf Blockading Squadron, 1863 ; special duty, New Or- 
leans, 1864; on the stafi' of Acting Rear- Admiral Thatcher during the 
operations of Mobile Bay, in the spring of 1865, and was the naval represent- 
ative in the demand for the surrender of the City of Mobile; commanding 
steamer " Saginaw," North Pacific Squadron, 1866-7. Commissioned as 
Commander, September 26, 1866 ; ordnance duty. Mare Island, California, 
1868-9; commanding steam-sloop "Mohican," North Pacific Squadron, 
1869-70; equipment duty, Navy Yard, Mare Island, California, 1870-2. 
Commissioned as Captain, August lo, 1872; Fleet Captain of the Western 
Gulf Blockading Squadron, under Commodore Bell, Rear- Admiral Palmer, 
and Acting Rear-Admiral Thatcher. Joined the " Wabash," on the Euro- 
pean Station, in 1873, and commanded her and served as Chief of Staff to 
Rear- Admiral Case. The flag was shifted to the " Franklin," which vessel 
he commanded and served in her as Chief of Staff to Rear- Admiral Worden, 
when he relieved Admii-al Case in command of the squadron ; President of 
Board of Examiners for promotion of officers, Navy Yard, Norfolk, 1877. 
Promoted to Commodore, May, 1881; special duty, Washington, 1881-3; 
Hydrographer to the Bureau of Navigation, 1877-80 ; Superintendent Naval 
Observatory, 1884-5 Promoted to Hear- Admiral, January, 1885; ordered 
to command European Station, February, 1885, with the " Pensacola" as 
flag-ship; remained in this command till August, 1887, when he was 
relieved. Retired, 1887. Appointed by President Cleveland, February, 
1889, as one of the delegates on the part of the United States to the Interna- 
tional Marine Conference, and was chosen President of that body on 16th of 
October, upon its assembly at Washington. 

Stephen Bleecker Luce. — Born in New York, March 25, 1827. Ap- 
]>ointed Mid-ihipman from New York, October 19, 1841, and ordered to the 
"North Carolina," 74, New York; April, 1842, to March, 1845, attached to 
frigate " Congress," Captain P. F. Vorhees, on the Mediterranean and Brazil 
Stations; May, 1845, to March, 1848, attached to the "Columbus," 74, Com- 
modore James Biddle, circunmavigating the globe, visiting Japan, and 
serving on the coast of California during the Mexican War. April 1, 1848, 
ordered to Naval Academy for examination for promotion to Passed Mid- 
shipman; August 20, 1849, to October, 1852, attached to " Yandalia," 
Captain William H. Gardner, during her cruise in the Pacific; December, 
1852, attached to astronomical party, under Lieutenant J. M. Gilliss, Wash- 
ington, D. C ; May 9, 1853, to February 8, 1854, attached to steamer 
"Vixen," Home Squadron ; May 18, 1854, to November 16, 1857, attached 
to United States Coast Survey. Promoted to Master, November 15, 1855. 
Commissioned as Lieutenant, September 16, 1855 ; November 16, 1857, to 
February 11, 1860, attached to sloop-of-war "Jamestown," Captain C. H. A. 
H. Kennedy, during her cruise in West Indies and on the Isthmus ; March 
2, 1860, to Naval Academy, as Assistant Instructor; May 2, 1861, ordered 
to frigate " Wabash," Captain William Mercer, attached to Blockading 



REAR-ADMIRALS. 33 

Squadron, coast of South Carolina; participated in the battles of Hatterag 
Inlet and Port Royal ; commanded a hovdtzer launch of " Wabash " during 
a reconnoissance in force and engagement with rebels at Port Royal Ferry, 
South Carolina, by combined military and naval forces ; January 10, 1862, 
ordered to Naval Academy, Newport, Rhode Island. Commissioned as 
Lieutenant Coimnander. July 16, 1862; June 1, 1863, ordered to command 
practice-ship " Macedonian " (European cruise); October 13, 1863, ordered 
to command monitor " Nantucket," attached to North Atlantic Blockading 
Squadron ; while in command of " Nantucket " engaged the rebel forts 
Sumter and Moultrie a number of times; August 19, 1864, ordered to com- 
mand " Sonoma," double-ender, North Atlantic Blockading Squadron ; 
August 27, 1864, to " Canandaigua," North Atlantic Blockading Squadron ; 
September 1, 1864, to June 9, 1865, to "Pontiac," North Atlantic Blockad- 
ing Squadron ; while in command of " Pontiac," engaged Battery Marshall. 
January 5, 1865, reported to General W. T. Sherman, at Savannah, Georgia, 
for duty in connection with the army. With much difficulty got the 
" Pontiac " up the Savannah River to Sister's Ferry, about forty miles above 
the city, and guarded the pontoon bridge from molestation by the rebels 
while General Slocum's wing passed into South Carolina. September 26, 
1865, to Naval Academy (Annapolis) ; October 6, 1865, relieved Commander 
Fairfax as Commandant of Midshipmen (Naval Academy) ; June 8, 1866, 
ordered to command Practice Squadron, consisting of " Macedonian " and 
"Savannah," frigates; "Winnipeg,'' double-ender "Saco" and ''Marble- 
head," steam third-rates; and yacht "America" (cruise on the coast). 
Commissioned as Commander, July 25, 1866; June 12, 1867, in command of 
Practice Squadron, consisting of " Macedonian," " Savannah," and " Dale " 
(European cruise) ; May 31, 1868, in command of Practice Squadron, con- 
sisting of " Savannah," " Macedonian," and " Dale " (West Point and Euro- 
pean cruise) ; September 30, 1868, to May 26, 1869, in command of 
" Mohcmgo," double-ender, Pacific Squadron; February 19, 1869, to July 
12, 1872, in command of " Juniata," Mediterranean Squadron ; September 
14, 1872, to Boston Navy Yard, as Equipment Officer. Commissioned as 
Captain, December 28, 1872 ; December 12, 1873, ordered to command 
frigate " Minnesota " during the " Virginius " excitement ; detached on the 
22d, and resumed duties at Boston ; October 15, 1875, detached from Boston 
Navy Yard (as Captain of the Yard) ; November 1, 1875, ordered to 
command the " Hartford," at New York, relieving the " Worcester " as flag- 
ship of the North Atlantic Squadron; August 21, 1877, detached from the 
"Hartford;" August 25, 1877, ordered as Inspector of Training-ships; 
January 1, 1878, to January 1, 1881, in command of the U. S. training- 
ship "Minnesota," cruising on the coast; April 25, 1881, to June 30, 
1884, in command of U. S. Naval Training Squadron, cruising. Promoted 
to Commodore, November 25, 1881 ; October 9, 1882, ordered as President 
of Commission on the Sale of Navy Yards ; July 26, 1884, ordered to com- 
mand the North Atlantic Squadron as Acting Rear-Admiral ; September 20, 
1884, ordered as President of the U. S. Naval War College, Coaster's Harbor 
Island, R. I. Promoted to Rear-Admiral, October 5, 1885. From June 18, 
1886, to February 13, 1889, in command of naval forces, North Atlantic 
Station. March 25, 1889, transferred to the retired list. Total sea service, 
thirty-three years ; other duty, twelve years three months; unemployed one 
year eleven months. May 23, 1892, commissioned by President Harrison, 
as Commm/oxer-G'ejiera/, to represent the United States of America at the 
Columbian Historical Exposition, held in Madrid in 1892, in commemoration 
3 



34 REAR-ADMIRALS. 

of the Four Hundredth Anniversary of the Discovery of America. March 
1, 1893, the Queen Regent of Spain conferred upon Rear- Admiral Luce the 
" Grand Cross of Naval Merit, with the White Distinctive Mark," for his 
services as Delegate of his Government to the Columbian Exposition. 

James E. Jouett. — Born in Kentucky, Februaiy 27, 1828. Appointed 
from Kentucky, September 10, 1841. Commissioned Passed Midshipman, 
August 10, 1847 ; Master, September 14, 1855 ; Lieutenant, September 15, 
1855; Lieutenant- Commander, July 16, 1862; Commander, 3\x\y 25, 1866; 
Captain, January 6, 1874; Commoofore, January 11, 1883; Rear- Admiral, 
February 19, 1886. Rear- Admiral Jouett entered the navy of the United 
States as a midshipman September 10, 1841, and passed through the succes- 
sive grades of the service to the outbreak of the late war, when, on the night 
of November 17, 1861, holding then the position of a lieutenant in the 
United States Navy, and serving on board the United States frigate " Santee," 
made himself conspicuous for gallantry in conducting a hazardous boat expe- 
dition against the Confederate vessel of war " Royal Yacht," off Galveston, 
Texas, and in capturing and destroying said vessel, in which encounter he 
received a severe pike wound in the arm and side, and for which hazardous 
and important service he w^as recommended by his immediate commanding 
officer. Captain Henry Eagle, for a command suitable to his rank ; he was 
complimented in general orders by Flag-Officer William W. McKean, com- 
manding the squadron, and ordered by the Secretary of the Navy, who offi- 
cially expressed the Department's appreciation of his " daring and successful 
exploit," to proceed to Washington, so that he might " be given a command 
worthy of his gallantry." Later, when commanding the United States gun- 
boat " Metacomet " in the fight in Mobile Bay, August 5, 1864, he promptly 
pursued and captured the Confederate war steamer "Selma" after a despe- 
rate conflict, and also rendered other gallant service during that fight, for 
which he was commended to the Secretary of the Navy by Admiral David 
G. Farragut, commander-in-chief, w^io reported that " Lieutenant-Commander 
Jouett's promptness and coolness throughout the fight merited high praise, 
received his warmest commendation, and was worthy of his reputation." 
For the gallantry displayed on that occasion Commander James E. Jouett 
was recommended by a board of officers, of which Admiral Farragut was 
])resident, appointed in 1865, " to consider the claims of officers of the Navy 
for advancement for heroic conduct in battle," to be promoted thirty numbers ; 
l)ut for some reasons the advancement was never made. Lieutenant Jouett 
subsequently commanded the " Montgomery " and " R. R. Cuyler," and was 
actively engaged in blockade duty. His next command was the side-wheel 
wooden steamer " Metacomet," which participated in the fight in Mobile Bay, 
and was lashed to the side of Rear-Admiral Farragut's flag-ship, the 
" Hartford," and passed the forts with her. It was in th's fight, August 5, 
1864, that Captain (then Lieutenant-Commander) Jouett was again eminent 
and conspicuous in battle. Rear- Admiral Farragut says in his report : 
" Finding myself raked by the rebel gunboats, I ordered the ' Metacomet ' 
to cast off and go in pursuit of them, one of which, the 'Selma,' she suc- 
ceeded in capturing. Captain Jouett was after her in a moment, and in an 
hour's time he had her as his prize. >i< * * Lieutenant-Commander 
Jouett's conduct during the whole afliiir commands my warmest commenda- 
tion. The 'Morgan ' and 'Gaines' succeeding in escaping under the protec- 
tion of the guns of Fort Morgan, which would have been prevented had the 
other gunboats been as prompt in their movements as the ' Metacomet.' " 
Again he reports : " Our little consort, the ' Metacomet,' was under my imme- 



REAR-ADMIRALS. 35 

diate eye during the whole of the action up to the moment I ordered lier to 
cast off in pursuit of the ' kSehiia ' The coohiess and promptness of Lieu- 
tenant-Commander JoLiett, throughout, merit high praise ; his whole conduct 
was worthy of his reputation." 

Extracts from Commodore Foxhall A. Parker^ "Battle of Mobile Bay^ 
At a little past eight, however, the Admiral, observing that all his vessels 
were clear of the furt, made signal — " Gunboat-^, chase enemy's gunboats!" 
The signal was hardly above the " Hartford's " deck, when Jouett, cutting 
tlie fasts which bound him to that vessel, started in obedience to it, followed 
at some distance by the " Itasca," " Kennebec," and " Port Royal." His 
vessel was very fast, but owing to the fact that she drew nuich more water 
than the Confederate gunboats, he found himself, before long, dragging the 
bottom. The executive ofhcer, Lieutenant Sleeper -than whom no cooler 
man lived — reported to him that the " Metacomet " had a foot less xvater 
under her bottom than her draught. This was startling ! for should the vessel 
ground hard, the pursued might turn upon the pursuer, and change the game 
somewhat. " Call the leadsmen in from the chains, Mr. Sleeper !" ordered 
Jouett. Mr. Sleeper looked amazed. " I tell you,' said Jouett, Avho idolized 
Farragut, and was a strict constructionist, " the admiral has directed me to 
follow these gunboats, and I am going to do it. Call the men in from the 
chains at once, sir, they are demoralizing me !" At this, the crew — who knew 
their commander well — set up a loud laugh, and the " Metacomet " continued 
in pursuit with the result we know. 

Office of the Admikal, Washington, D. C. March 10, 1890. 

Dear Sir: Rear- Admiral James E. Jouett has made application to Con- 
gress to be placed on the same footing, on the retired lisc of the Navy, with 
Vice-Admiral Rowan and Rear-Admiral Worden. These two officers were 
promoted for their services, given the thanks of Congress, which carried with 
it ten additional years on the active list, and finally retirtd on the highest pay 
of their grade. 

Rear-Admiral Jouett bore a conspicuous part in the war and is highly 
spoken of by his commanding officer, Admiral P^irragut. He was also 
recommended by a board of admirals, of which I was a member, for an 
advancement of thirty numbers in his grade. Had he received this promo- 
tion, it would have made him a rear-admiral some years sooner than he 
reached that grade. He was unjustly treated then, and it ought to be made 
up to him now. 

No officer received higher commendations from Admiral Farragut than 
did Rear-Admiral Jouett. The papers are on file and speak for themselves. 
To make a distinction between the two gallant officers who were so satisfac- 
torily retired by Congress and Reai'-Admiral Jouett would be invidious, and 
I therefore beg of you and the other members of the Naval Committee to 
give Admiral Jouett's application your most generous consideration and place 
him on the same footing with Vice-Admiral Rowan and Rear-Admiral Wor- 
den, viz., retirement with full sea-pay. 

The Navy has not received a great many proofs of approval for the part 
it took in the late war, and acts of liberality from Congress are very gra'ifv- 
ing. I know that I have only to draw your attention to what an officer has 
done to obtain a response from your generous feelings. 

I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

David D. Porter, Admiral, U. S. Navy. 

Hon. Lelaxd Stanford, United States Senate. 



36 BEAR-ADMIRALS. 

As commander of the United States naval forces on the North Atlantic 
Station, Rear- Admiral James E. Jouett, by his prompt, firm, and judicious 
course in the spring of 1885, during the rebellion on the Isthmus of Panama, 
restored order, reestablished transit, prevented great destruction of property 
and loss of life, and was instrumental in bringing about the surrender of the 
insurgent fox'ces in the United States of Colombia, and in etiecting a peaceful 
solution of the United States of Colombia, and reflected credit on the United 
States of America. 

Navv Department, Wafikington, March 14, 1S9S. 

Sir : I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of a letter, dated the 
26th ultimo, from the Committee on Naval Atiiiirs of the House of Repre- 
sentatives, inclosing H. R. bill No. 1178, "in relation to the pay of Rear- 
Admiral James E. Jouett, retired," and requesting the opinion of the De- 
partment upon the merits of the bill. 

It is important, in the consideration of the question involved in the pro- 
visions of this bill, that the committee should be informed as to the contents 
of the records of the service of this officer, as the same appear in this Depart- 
ment. I have, therefore, to inclose herewith a printed copy of a memorandum 
prepared and forwarded by the Secretary of the Navy to Hon. John S. 
Williams, United States Senate, March 2, 1880, at which time the propriety 
of the advancement of Rear-Admiral Jouett, then a captain in the Navy, 
for eminent and conspicuous conduct in battle, was under consideration. 

The memorandum recites briefiy the conspicuous war service of Rear- 
Admiral Jouett, the chief features of which were the capture and destruction 
of the rebel privateer schooner "Royal Yacht" ofi' Galveston, Tex., during, 
the night of November 7, 1861, and the capture of the Confederate war 
steamer "Selma" in Mobile Bay, August 5, 1864. 

Referring to the capture of the " Royal Yacht," Captain Eagle, U. S. 
Navy, then commanding officer of the U. S. S. " Santee," to which vessel 
Rear-Admiral, then Lieutenant, Jouett was attached, in his report, dated 
November 15, 1861, upon this engagement to the Department, says : 

" Among the brave officers and men Lieut. James E. Jouett and Mr. Wil- 
liam Carter, gunner, were conspicuous for their coolness and courage. They 
were the first to board the vessel. 

" It is with pleasure that I would call the attention of the Department to 
the gallantry of Lieut. Jouett. He was seriously wounded in the arm and 
side at the commencement of the contest. Although suffering from wounds 
and loss of blood, he shov.'ed great firmness throughout, and after setting fire 
to the vessel he was three hours in the launch pulling for the ship, and had 
the care of twelve prisoners and six of his wounded men. I can, with con- 
fidence, recommend him for a command of any vessel in the service suitable 
to his rank, although I should much regret his detachment from this ship, as 
he is a very efficient officer." 

The views of Flag-Officer McKean, then commanding the Gulf Block- 
ading Squadron, upon the conduct of the officers and men engaged in the 
capture of the " Royal Yacht " were expressed in a general order, dated 
December 17, 1861, which contains the following paragraph: 

" The commander-in-chief of the United States naval forces in the Gulf 
of Mexico is anxious to express in the most public manner his entire appre- 
ciation of the gallantry and coolness displayed by the officers and men of 
the U. S. frigate " Santee," engaged in the expedition for the seizAire and 
destruction of the privateer schooner " Royal Yacht," in the harbor of Gal- 
veston, on the night of the 7th ultimo." 



.i 



REAR-ADMIRALS. 37 

The Secretary of the Navy, in a communication addressed to Flag-OfRcer 
McKean, under date of December 23, 1861, acknowledging the receipt of 
the official reports of tlie capture and destruction of tlie " Royal Yacht," said : 

"The Department cannot, in too high terms, express its admiration of the 
daring and successful exploit of Lieut. Jouett and the officers and seamen 
under his connnand. 

"The capture of a schooner well-armed and manned, and with every ad- 
vantage of resistance, after a desperate encounter, speaks well for the in- 
trepidity and bravery of the captors;" with which communication the Secre- 
tary inclosed an order detaching Lieut. Jouett from the "Santee" and 
directing him to proceed to New York, stating that it was * the purpose of 
the Department to give him a command worthy of his gallantry." 

In his detailed report, dated August 12, 1864, of the battle of Mobile Bay, 
Rear-Admirul Farragut, referring to the conduct of Rear- Admiral, then 
Lieutenant-Commander, Jouett says: 

"The rebel gunboats 'Morgan,' ' Gaines,' and 'Selma'were ahead, and 
the latter particularly annoyed us with a raking fire, which our guns could 
not retui'n. At two minutes after 8 I ordered the 'Metacomet' to cast off, 
and go in pursuit of the ' Selma.' Capt. Jouett was after her in a moment, 
and in an hour's time he had her as a prize. She was commanded by P. V. 
Murphy, formerly of the United States Navy. 

" Lieut.-Commander Jouett's conduct during the whole affair commands 
my warmest commendations. The ' Morgan ' and ' Gaines ' succeeded in 
escaping under the protection of the guns of Fort Morgan, which would 
have been prevented had the other gunboats been as prompt in their move- 
ments as the ' Metaconiet.' 

"Our little consort, the ' Metacomet,' was also under my immediate eye 
during the whole action up to the moment I ordered her to cast off in pursuit 
of the 'Selma.' The coolness and promptness of Lieut.-Commander Jouett 
throughout merit high praise ; his whole conduct was worthy of his reputation." 

In reply to the request contained in the committee's letter, I have to state 
that after a careful examination of the records of the Department relating 
to the services of Rear-Admiral Jouett during the late war, and especially of 
those relating to his capture of the privateer schooner " Royal Yacht " off 
Galveston, Tex., and the declarations contained in the reports of the com- 
manding officer of the " Santee," the vessel to which he was then attached, 
and of Flag-Officer McKean, commanding the Gulf Blockading Squadron, 
to which that vessel belonged, expressing their appreciation of the gallantry 
displayed by Rear- Admiral Jouett in the capture of the " Royal Yacht," 
and of those relating to his conduct in the battle of Mobile Bay and in the 
capture of the Confederate gunboat "Selma," as contained in the report of 
Admiral Farragut, in which he recognizes with high praise the coolness and 
promptness of the conduct of Rear-Admiral Jouett during the battle and the 
operations in Mobile Bay, the case of Rear-Admiral Jouett appears to be an 
exceptional one, meriting the favorable consideration of Congress. 

Very respectfully, B. F. Tracy, Secretary of the Navy. 

Hon. Hillary A. Herbert, 

Chairman, Committee on Naval Affairs, House of liepresentaiives. 

[Public— No. 138.] 
An act in relation to the pay of Rear-Admiral James E. Jouett, retired. 
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United 
States of America in Congress assembled, That Rear-Admiral James E. 



38 REAR-ADMIRALS. 

Jouett, of the United States Navy, retired, be paid, out of any money in the 
Treasury not otherwise appropriated, the highest pay and compensation of 
his grade as a Rear-Admiral, from and after the date of the passage of this 
act. 

Approved, March 3, 1893. 

Lewis A. Kimberly. — Born in Troy, New York, April 2, 1830. 
Appointed from Illinois, December 8, 18-16 as Mkhhipman, sloop "James- 
town," coast of Africa, 1847-50; frigate "Raritan," Pacific Station, 1851-2; 
promoted Passed Midshipman, June 8, 1852; served on sloop "Decatur," 
North Atlantic Station, from 1852 to 1855; promoted Master and Lieu- 
tenant, September 15 and 16, 1855, and served on sloop "Dale," African 
Station, 1855-56; receiving-ship "Ohio," 1856-57; sloop "Germantown," 
Asiatic Station; store-ship "Release," and flag -ship, "Richmond," Euro- 
pean Station, 1858-60; frigate, "Potomac," West Gulf Squadron, 1861-62. 
Commissioned Lieutenant- Commander, July 16, 1862. During the greater 
part of the war of the Rebellion, served as the Executive Officer of the 
"Hartford" (Admiral Farragut's Flag-Ship), and participated in the actions 
of Port Hudson, Grand Gulf, Warrington, and Mobile Bay, and previously 
on the frigate "Potomac," in blockading Mississippi Sound, Mobile Bay and 
Pensacola; steam frigate "Colorado," flag-ship, European Station, 1865-6. 
Commissioned as Commander, July 25, 1866, receiving-ship "Vermont," 
1867-70; commanding "Benicia," Asiatic Station, 1870-72; commanding 
United States Monitor "Canonicus," North Atlantic Station, 1873, and 
" Monongahela," South Atlantic Station, 1873-4. Commissioned Captain, 
October 3, 1874; commanding flag-ship "Omaha," Pacific Station, 1875-8; 
Commandant of Navy Yard, New York, 1880-3 ; member and President of Ex- 
amining and Retiring Board, 1884-5; promoted to CWmoofore, November 27, 
1884; commandant Navy Yard, Boston, 1885-6; promoted to Rear- Admiral, 
September 4, 1887 ; commanding Pacific Station from 1887 to 1890; president 
Board of Inspection and Survey, March, 1890 to date of retirement, April 
2, 1892. 

Admiral Kimberly was in the expedition to Corea. Commanded that 
portion of the force that landed and captured the forts, and Avhile Com- 
mander-in-chief of the Pacific Station, was in the great hurricane of the 15th and 
16th of March, 1889, when the "Trenton" and " Vandalia" were wrecked, the 
" Nipsic ' ' beached and afterwards saved at Apia, Samoa. Was elected per- 
})etual Honorary Member of the Chamber of Commerce, San Francisco ; 
received Resolution of Thanks from the Commonwealth of Massachusetts ; 
received Resolutions from the most prominent citizens and officials at Hono- 
lulu, Hawaii, in regard to the conduct of affliirs at Samoa before, at the time, 
and after the great hurricane ; also a commendatory letter from the Secretary 
of the Navy regarding the conduct of affairs at that time. 

Daniel L. Braine. — Born in New York. Appointed Midshipman from 
Texas, May 30, 1846; Home Squadron during Mexican War; at Alvarado, 
Tobasco, Tuspan, Laguna, Tampico, and Vera Cruz ; sloop " John Adams," 
Home Squadron, 1848 ; sloop " St. ISIary's," East India Squadron, 1849-50 ; 
steam-sloop "Saranac," Home Squadron, 1850-1; Naval Academy, 1852. 
Promoted to Passed Midshipman, June 8, 1852 ; sloop " St. Louis," Mediter- 
ranean Squadron, 1853-5. Promoted to Master, 1855. Commissioned as 
Jjuidenant, September 15, 1858 ; Coast Survey, 1856-7 ; sloop " Vincennes," 
coast of Africa, 1858-60 ; commanding steamer " Monticello," North At- 
lantic Blockading Squadron, 1861-2; engagement with rebel battery of 



BEAR- ADMIRALS. 39 

five gun? at Sewell's Point, Virginia, May 19, 1861, lasting one hour and 
fifteen minutes, I)eing the first naval engagement of the war ; attack and cap- 
ture of Forts Hatteras and Clarke, October 5, 1861 ; engaged the enemy at 
Kimmekcrk Woods, above Cape Hatteras, exchanged shots with tlieir gun- 
boats, and dispersed with effect two regiments of infantry, sinking two barges, 
and rescuing the Twentieth Indiana Regiment, who were surrounded by 
rebels ; in November, 1861, engaged and silenced a two-gun battery at Fed- 
eral Point, North Carolina, and dismounted one of the guns. Commissioned 
as Lieutenant- Commander, July 15, 1862; in 1862-4, numerous engagements 
Avith Forts Caswell and Fisher ; while on blockading duty in command of 
" Monticello," " Vicksburg," and " Pequot ; " commanded the " Pequot " in 
the attacks upon Fott Fisher, and also in the attacks upon Fort Anderson, 
and three forts on Cape Fear River, as the fleet advanced up that river to 
Wilmington, North Carolina; ordnance duty. Navy Yard, New York, 
1866-7. Commissioned as Commander, July 25, 1866; commanding steam- 
sloop " Hartford," flag-ship Asiatic Squadron, 1867 ; commanding steamer 
" Shamokin," Brazil Squadron, during 1868 ; equipment duty, Navy Yard, 
New York, 1869-72 ; commanding "Juniata" (third-rate , European Sta- 
tion, 1874-5. Commissioned as Captain, December 11, 1874; commanding 
receiving-ship, "Colorado," 1875-78 ; commanding " Powhatan," North At- 
lantic Station, 1879-81 ; Member Board of Inspection and Survey, 1884—5. 
Promoted to Commodore, March, 1885; special duty. New York, 1885. Pro- 
moted to h' ear- Admiral, March, 1885 ; commanding South Atlantic Station, 
1886-8; special dutv. New York, 1889; commanding Navy Yard, New 
York, 1889, to May, 1891; retired May 18, 1891. While Commander Braine 
was on the " Juniata," he went north to look for the " Polaris," and from this 
ship Lieutenant DeLong went to Cape York (latitude 76° north) in the 
steam cutter. 

During the same commission, the "Juniata" received at Santiago de Cuba 
over one hundred of the " Virginius' " prisoners. 

Retired upon his own application, and, by special act of Congress, ivith full pay. 
John Lorimer Worden. — Born in the town of Sing Sing, Westchester 
County, N. Y. Apjiointed a Midshipman in the Navy, from Fishkill, 
Dutchess County, N. Y., January 10, 1834; ordered to sloop-of-war "Erie," 
June 20, 183-1, and served in her on the Brazil Station until September 20, 
1837 ; served in sloop-of-war ' Cyane " in the Mediterranean Squadron, from 
May 7th, 1838, until December 2, 1839; served in Naval School at Phila- 
delphia, Pa., from December 23, 1839, until the 20th of July, 1 840. Promoted 
to Passed Midshipman on the 16th of July, 1840 ; served on board store-ship 
" Relief" in the Pacific Squadron, from October 13, 1840, until September 6, 
1842 ; transferred to the sloop-of-war " Dale," and detached from her on the 
23d of October, at New York, 1843 ; on duty at the Naval Observatory in 
Washington, D. C, from April 7, 1844, until May 28, 1846. Promoted to 
Master, August 13, 1846, and on the 30th of November, 1846, promoted to 
Lieideiiant. Served (.n board store-ship "Southampton," in the Pacific 
Squadron, from the 5th of February, 1847, until May, 1848, when he was 
transferred to the " Independence," on same station ; was again transferred 
on July 13, 1848, to the " Warren," of same squadron ; on the 12th of Septem- 
ber, ] 8'49, was ordered to the line-of-battleship "Ohio," on same station, 
and detached from her at Boston, April 29, 1850 ; on duty at Naval Obser- 
vatory from October, 1850, until March 15, 1852 ; served on board the 
frigate " Cumberland," in the Mediterranean Squadron, from April, 1852, 
until loth of February, 1855, whtn he was transferred to the sloop-of-war 



10 REAR-AD^^RALS. 

" Levant," ami dottvchod from her in New York in ^\i\y, 1855 ; on duty at 
the Naval Olissorvatory, from Octohor '24, 1855, until INlaroh, 185(? ; on duty 
at JSavy Yard, Now S'ork, trom IMarrli, 185(5, until duly 1, 1858; served on 
board friua to " Savannah " (as First Lieutenant), in the Home Squadron, 
from duly 1. 1858, until Novenibor 20, 18(50. On the (5th of April, 18(51, 
ro[)orted at \\'ashin<iton under ordoi*s " for spoeial iluty oonnootod with the 
disoi|)lino and oilioioney of the Naval Sorviee." but, findino- that ships were 
boino- rapidly fitted for service, in eonsocpionoo of the soi'ossion movements, 
askod to bo roliovod from that duty and applied for service atloat. Next day 
(7th\ at daylight, was sent to Pensaoola with disjiatehos for the oonunandiutj; 
otiioer of the S(]uadron otf that port (^ordoi^s to rointbroo Fort iMekeiis\ and 
roaohod thoro about 11.. '50 o'clock, r. ai., April 10th. A heavy uale hlowim;; 
on the 1 1th, could not eomnumicate with the squadron. The next day (the 
rJth) was enabled ti) reach it, and deliver dis[nitches about noon. At o 
o'clock r. IM . of same day, left the squadron, with ordei"s to return to Wash- 
ington by rail. Took the cai"s at i\ u. for ^Montgomery, Alabama, and on 
the next day (^l.'5th), at abiuit 4 o'clock r. »!., was arrested at the fii-st rail- 
n^ad station south of JNTontgomery. to which place he was conveyed, and 
there detained as a prisoner t)f war until November 14, 18(51, when he was 
paroled and (udonnl to ro[Hn*t to the Sot-rotary of War at Kiclimond, Ya. 
Arrived at latter {>lace on Novend)er 1(5. and left thoro next day (ITtlO, by 
order of the Secretary of Wur, to report to General linger at Norfolk, Va.. 
who. on the next day (^18th\sont him under tlag of truoo to Hampton Koads 
and di>livorod him to .Vilmiral Cu>ldsbon>ugh. who, in aecordance with ar- 
rangements, sent bai'k Lieutenant Slmrpo. a Cunfodorate prist>nor, wlu>so de- 
livery to (unioral linger ended Lioutonant Worden's [)arole. Was at Naval 
Konde/.vous at New York, from about Novond>or 20, 18(51. until the l(5th of 
January, 18(52, when ho was ordered to the command of the " JNlonitor," and 
remained in her until his removal on account of the injuries received in the 
encounter with the " Morrimac," on the 0th of ]March, 18(52. Promoted to 
Commainler, July 1(5, 18(52. Was on duty at New York as a.ssistant to 
Admiral Ciregory in superintending the eonstruetion of iron-olads, from 
August 14, 18(52, to October 8, 18(>2. Commanded iron-clad " Montaidc " 
fnun October 8, 18(52. until .Vpril 1(>. 18(5;5. in the South Atlantic Sipiadron. 
In her attackoil Fort McAllister, on the (.Vechoe Kiver, on danm\ry 27 and 
l'\>bruary 1, 18(i;5. and on the 28th of February destroyed the Oonfoderate 
jn'ivatoer " Nashville " under the guns of that fort. Farticipatod in the 
attai'k made by the iron-chul (loot, under oommand of .\dmiral Hupont.upon 
the defences of Oharloston. S. 0., on the 7th of April, 18(io. Promoted to 
Captain, l-'obruary ."5. 18():>. 

.10INT UKSOI.UTIONS OV COXO.RKSS. 

Hesohrd bu tlw Senate and llouxt- of luprt\-'r»tatlr<\^ of the Viiitcd Siatrs of 

America in Conijirss afisenihlcd : 

That the thanks of Congre.^JS and of the .Vmorican people are duo anil are 
liereby tendered to Lieutenant John L. Wonlon, l^S. N.. and to the otHcoi-s 
and men oi' the ironclad gun boat " IMt^nitor " untlor his command, for the 
skill and gallantry exhibited by them in the late remarkable battle between 
the " ^lonitor " and the rebel iron-clad steamer *• ^lorrinuu-." 

"Si.x\ 2." /)<• itjnrfher— 

/w>'()/c<(/. That the Presiilont of the Pnitod v^tatos bo requested to cause 
this rostdution to be oommunicated to Lieutenant Worden, and through him 
to the otlicers and men under his command. 

Approved July 11. 18(52. 



EEAR-ADMIBALS. 41 

Later, in 1S()2, Coiiuross, by recoiuiuoiulalion of the President, passed 
another vote of thanks and antiiori/.ed his promotion, 

A KK80LUTI0N 

Icndcring the lliankft of CoiKjrcttg (o Comvutinh-r John L. Wonh'ii, of the Jhiih'd Slides J^'ari/, 
rras piissi'd at the IViirti/scirtith CoiitjirM of the Unifi'd Sititcs of America, at the third scs- 
,»/()»(, hf(juii- and hi Id at the Citji of Wa.'ihiiajton, on 3Ionday, the Jiml day of December, 
one thousand eitjht hundred and sixty-two. 

Rcsolrcd by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States 
of Aineriea, in Cony-ress assendiKMl, Tliaf, in pursuance of the reeonunenda- 
tion of tlie PresiikMit of the United States, and to enable him to advance 
Connnander Jolni L. WohUmi one grad<!, in j)nrsuance of the Ninth Section 
of the Act of C\)niiivss of Sixteenth of July, eiiihteen hundred and sixty-two, 
that the thanks of Coni2;ress be. and they are hereby tendered to Uonimander 
Wm. L. Worden, for highly distinguished condvu't in the r(>markable l)attlc 
between the ITnited States iron-clad steamer "JNTonitor," under his eonunand, 
and the rebel iron-clad frigate "Merrimac," in ]March, eighteen hundred and 
sixty-two. 

Schuyler Colfax, 

Speaker of the House of Representatives. 
Daniel Clark, 

President pro tern of the Senate. 
Approved, February od, 1803. 
Abraham Lincoln. 

thanks from the navy departrrent. 

Navy Di0PA]rrMi.:NT, Afarch ir>, 1Sry2. 
Sir, — The naval action which took place on the 9th inst., between the 
" Monitor" and the " Merrimac " at Hampton Roads, when your vessel with 
two guns engaged a powerful armored steamer of at least eight guns, and 
after a four-hours' conflict repelled her formidable antagonist, has excited 
general admiration and received the ap])lause of the whole country. 

The President directs me, while earnestly and deeply sympathizing with 
you in the injaries which you have sustained, but which it is believed are but 
temporary, to thank you and your eonunand for the heroism you have dis- 
played and the great service you have rendered. 

The action of the !Hh, and the j)erformance, power, and capabilities of the 
" Monitor," nuist ellect a radical change in naval warfare. 

Flag-(Miicer (Joldsborough, in your absence, will be furnished by the De- 
partment with a copy of this letter of thanks, and instructed to cause it to be 
read to the oihcers and crew of the " Monitor." 

I am, respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Gideon Welles. 
Lieutenant John L. Worden, U. S. N., 

Commanding U. S. steamer "Monitor," Washington, D. C. 

On duty with Admiral Gregory in superintending the construction of iron- 
clads, from April 21), 18(58, until February 2, 18(U). Conunanded steamer 
" Idaho" from Febrnaiy 1, 18(5(5, until May 2o, 180(5, on " trial and ex])eri- 
niental trips." On iron-clad duty from June 2, 18(5(5, until August (5, 18(56. 
In command of the steamer "Pcnsacola," in the Pacific S(pnidron, from the 
(5th of August, 18(5(5, until May 8, 18(57. Promoted to the grade of Commo- 
dore, May 27, 18(58. Ordered to Naval Academy, as Superintendent, De- 
cember i, 18(59, and detached from it September 22, 1874. Promoted to 



42 • EEAR-AD.VIEALS. 

gra,de of Rear-Admiral, 'Soxemher 20,1872. December 24, 1874, ordered 
to command the squadron on the European Station ; detached from that 
counuand, October 5, 1877. On duty as a member of the Xaval Retiring 
and Examining Boards, from December 29, 1877, to December 23, 1880, 
^Yllen he was placed upon the retired list. 

Retired on their own. application, offer forty years^ or more con-^ecutive sei'vice, 
i)i conformity with Section 21 of the Act of Av gust 3, 1861. 

Henry Walke. — Born in Virginia, Princess Anne County, on Lyn 
Haven Kiver, DvCember 24, 1808. Appointed to Jlichhipnian from Ohio, 
February 1, 1827; attached to receiving-ship "Alert," >sorfolk. ^March 27, 
1827, under Lieutenant Farragut ; attached to " Natchez," West Indies, 
July, 1827 ; was in that ship in the hurricane oft' the south side of Cuba 
when all her light spars were carried away, and her new sails were blown 
into such ribbons and knots that they were exhibited in the Public Museum, 
Baltimore; " Ontario," Mediterranean Station, February 8, 1829; in that 
ship oft' AVestern Islands when she was nearly " knocked down on her beam 
ends," and when the Captain, Thomas H. Stevens, and the ofticers called and 
beckoned for volunteers to go aloft and furl the main-top sail, which was 
liolding the ship down (nothing could be heard above the roaring storm and 
flapping sail, and but little to be seen in the flying spray) ; Midshipman 
AValke was the only officer, with seven or eight men, who weuL alotl imme- 
diately and furled the sail, which, no doubt, saved the ship, as then stated 
by the late Admiral Cliarles H. Davis, J. A. Dahlgren, as related in the 
biography of the latter, and by Mr. Lee, Consul-General at Algiers, whose 
report of the hurricane was soon after published; frigate " Constellation," 
June 5, 1829 ; detached, Xovember 10, 1831 ; Xaval School at Xorfolk, 
1831-3. Promoted Pas.^ed Midshipman, June 10, 1833 ; " X'orth Carolina," 
Pacific Station, Xovember, 1836, to July, 1839; same ship in X"ew York 
until October 5, 1840; "Boston," East Indies and around the world to 
August 8, 1843 ; brig " Bainbridtxe," Brazil, May 18, 1844, to September 17, 
1845; bomb brig "Vesuvius," West Indies, 1847 ; present at the surrender 
of Vera Cruz, Tabasco, Tuspan, and Alvarado ; transferred to frigate "Mis- 
sissippi;" frigate "Cumberland," Mediterranean Squadron, 1849-51. Pro- 
moted to Commander, September 14, 1855 ; commanded the "Supply," coast 
of Africa, 1858-9. and in the West Indies, 1859-00. In the beginning of 
the Rebellion Commander Walke I'endered most important service in pre- 
venting the capture of Fort Pickens by the Confederates, which enabled our 
forces ultimately to recapture the Xavy Yard, Forts Barrancas and 
McCrea, and Pensacola. with all tliat section of the State of Florida which 
borders on those extensive inland bays. He also rescued all our loyal officers, 
sailors, marines, and government employes from want and imprisonment on 
his own responsibility. The result of his action in this crisis virtually se- 
cured the State of Florida to the Union, thereby preventing the British 
Government from acknowledging the independence of all the Southern 
States, and perhaps a war with England. This service was performed under 
extraordinary difficulties and unusual circumstances, which compelled him 
to act contrary to the orders of the commodores on that station and the Sec- 
retary of the Xavy ; this conduct, although highly approved by all fair- 
minded officers, was censured by the Secretary of the Xavy. The late 
Board of Rear- Admirals reported that it was especially struck with this 
highly creditable and meritorious conduct, and that it had a marked and 
important bearing on the success of our arms. Commander Walke was the 



REAR-ADMIRALS. 43 

senior naval officer present when tliis service was performed. Steamer 
" Mount Vernon," May 14, 1801 ; ordered as light-house inspector of the 
Eleventh District, September li, 18(51, but orders changed to Mississippi 
Flotilla, Sei)tember (), 18(51; commanded gunboat •' Taylor," Sejitember 12, 
1861, at Cairo, III. ; commanded gunboats at the battle of Belmont, Novem- 
ber 7, 1861, and protected the army under General Grant, and prevented 
the Confederate army from cutting off a portion of our troops on their 
retreat to the trans{)orts, for which he was highly commended in the gen- 
eral's report of the battle ; commanded gunboat " Carondelet," thirteen guns, 
partly iron-clad, at the battle of Fort Henry, February 6, 1862 — the first 
decisive victory over the enemy's fortifications in the Western waters, for 
which Flag-Ofticer Foote and all his officers received the thanks of the Sec- 
retary of the Navy, of Congress, and of the State of Ohio; commanded the 
"Carondelet" at the battle of Fort Donelson, on the loth, 14th, and KJth of 
February, 1862 ; commenced the battle alone on the l;>th, and on the 14th 
held his position in the front line of battle in the general engagement, being 
the last to retire ; the " Carondelet " was thrice as long under fire as any 
other gunboat in this battle of two days, and her loss in officers and men 
greatly exceeded that of all the rest of the flotilla; commanded the 
"Carondelet" at the bombardment of Island No. 10, March 17. 1862, and 
voluntarily ran the gauntlet of the enemy's batteries — April 4, 18(52— with 
the "Carondelet" alone, being the first example of successfully passing the 
enemy's batteries and attacking them in the rear on the Mississippi, and fin- 
ally captured the enemy's batteries below the island on the 6th and 7th 
(with but little assistance), without which no further attempt would have 
been made to capture or pass that island by our army and navy. This 
action was then considered the most important victory and meritorious 
achievement of the war, as it broke the blockade of the enemy's line of forti- 
fications without the loss of a man on our side. The Secretary of the Navy, 
referring to it, wrote, " It was a daring and heroic act, well executed and de- 
serving a special recognition. These fearless acts dismayed the enemy, and 
eventuated in the surrender to yourself of Island No. 10;" and that 
" a nation's thanks were due," etc. These statements of the Secretary of the 
Navy were approved and endorsed by Flag-Officer Foote. May 11, 1862, 
Commander Walke led our fleet at the battle of Fort Pillow ; with the first 
division of the flotilla attacked the enemy and rescued the gunboat " Cincin- 
nati," the "Carondelet" being the first, or one of the fii-st, in, and the last 
out of the battle, and much longer under fire at close quarters than the 
rest of the fleet, and she remained alone in possession of the battle-field. 
In the battle of Memphis, June 6, 1862, the "Carondelet," under his 
command, was second in the line of battle with the flag-steamer when 
the fleet captured that of the enemy (except one gunboat, and two which 
were sunk), with several of their largest steamers, also the navy yard 
and all their public property, with the city of Memphis. The "Carondelet," 
still under his command, was the principal gunboat that engaged tlie famous 
Confederate ram "Arkansas," which was greatly her superior in size and 
strength, and after a well-contested battle the latter relinquished the con- 
test, with the loss in killed and wounded greatly exceeding that of the 
" Carondelet." The flag of the " Carondelet " was never struck in this 
or any other battle. Commissioned as a Captain, July 16, 1862; com- 
manded the ram " Lafayette " (partly clad with one-inch iron) ; passed the 
batteries at Vicksburg, April 16, 1863, with the Mississippi Flotilla, under 
Rear- Admiral Porter. At the battle of Grand Gulf, April 29, 1863, he led 



44 REAR-ADMIRALS. 

the second division of our fleet, which, with the first, nearly silenced all the 
enemy's batteries at close quarters, being under^fire more than five houi'^, 
■when the fleet was withdrawn, and he was ordered back to silence the main 
fort, on the Point of Rocks, with the " Lafayette " alone, which he did in 
about twenty-five minutes. Having jiassed the:?e forts three times under close 
fire, and having made the last attack upon them alone the day before they 
were evacuated, the '' Lafayette " Avas under fire with that formidable chain 
of heavy batteries, eight or nine hours, and much longer than the rest of the 
fleet, without the loss of any of her ofticers or crew, and but one officer 
slightly wounded, this being the seventh desperate and victorious battle, in 
whicli there were but one killed and two wounded under the command of 
Captain Walke, whose vessels were always as much and generally more ex- 
posed to the enemy's guns, and as frequently struck by their shot and shell 
at close quarters as any gunboat of the flotilla. It is a remarkable fact that 
Rear- Admiral Walke, when a commander and captain, U. S. Navy, and in 
command of the gunboats " Taylor," " Carondelet," and " Lafayette," was 
engaged in the above-mentioned battles, twice as many as any other officer in 
the squadron, and that his gunboat was the leading or next to the leading 
gunboat in all of those battles at Fort Henry, Fort Donelsou, Inland Xo. 10, 
Fort Pillow, Yazoo, and Grand GiUf, and longer engaged in close action, and 
the last out of battle, and his gunboats were constantly on guard in gunshot 
of the enemy, even when under needed repairs. Although Captain Walke 
received the thanks and applause of those who witnessed the above facts, 
chiefly Flag-Officer Foote, Davies, Porter, Generals Grant and Pope, and the 
Secretary of the Xavy, Commodore Walke could not obtain the reward 
promised and provided for such service by law of Congress, and was gi-anted 
to other officers for similar services, because of the opposition of his insatiable 
rivals, who were not " deserving the special recognition " or the thanks of the 
Kavy Department, as stated in Secretary's Report of 1862, page 502. And it 
is worthy of record that his officers and crew were always required to " remem- 
ber to keep holy the Sabbath-day," according to our naval regulations. He dis- 
persed the Confederates under General Taylor at Simmsport, La. ; blockaded 
the mouth of the Red River, June 4, 1863 ; ordered to the command of the 
steamer " Fort Jackson," July 24, 1863. Captain Walke was the leader and 
one of the principal actors in all the above-mentioned actions, and for one or two 
of these Rear-Admirals Foote, Davis, and Porter were thanked and promoted, 
September 24, 1863, to August 22, 1865, he commanded the "Sacramento" 
on special service in search of the "Alabama," and was close on her track 
when she was sunk by the " Kearsarge." He blockaded the Confederate 
steamer " Rappahannock" at Calais, France, until the end of the war, and 
intercepted her when she escaped into British waters under British colors. 
Commissioned as Commodore, July 25, 1866 ; commanded the Xaval Station 
at Mound City, 111., jNIay 1, 1868, to November, 1869. Promoted to Rear- 
Admiral, July 13, 1870. Retired voluntarily, April 26, 1871 ; member 
Light-House Board, 1871-2. 

Daniel Ammen. — Born in Ohio, May 15, 1820. Appointed 3Iidship- 
»ia», Julv 7, 1836; attached to the Exploring Expedition, 1837-8; sloops 
"Levant" and " Vandalia," in the West Indies, 1838-9; sloop "Preble," on 
the coast of Labrador and in the jNIediterranean, 1840-1 ; returned to the 
United States on board ship-of-the-line " Ohio," 1841, and to Naval School ; 
passed examination, June, 1842, and received warrant of Parsed Mldshlpma)i : 
store-ship "Lexington, as navigator, 1843-4, to the Mediterranean; sloop 
"Vinceunes," as navigator, East India Squadron, 1845-7; coast survey, 



BEAR-ADMIRALS. 45 

1848-9, Commissioned as Lieutenant, November 4, 1849; frigate "St. 
Lawrence," Mediterranean Squadron, 1850; coast survey, 1851; attached 
to a commission for selecting a naval station in the Bay of San Francisco, 
Cal., 1852; scientitic expedition of steamer "Water Witch," Paraguay 
River, 1853-4; brig " Bainbridge," Brazil Squadron, 1854-5; Naval Observ- 
atory, Washington, 185(5-7; steam-slooj) " Saranac," Pacific Squadron, 
1858; steam-frigate " Merrimac," Pacific Squadron, l<S59-(iO; steam-frigate 
" Roanoke," as executive-officer, North Atlantic Blockading Scjuadron, 
1861 ; commanding "Seneca," South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1861-2, 
at battle of Port Royal, November 7,1861; the day foHowing hoisted our 
flag over Fort Beauregard and made formal delivery to the army, by order 
of Real"- Admiral Du Pont; Tybee Island, December, 1861 ; commanded 
forces entering by way of AVhale Branch in attack on Port Royal Ferry, 
January 1, 1862 ; engaged in the operations against Fernandina through St. 
Andrew's Sound and in St. John's River. Promoted to Commander, Febru- 
aiy 21, 1863; commanding monitor " Patapsco," South Atlantic Blocka- 
ding Squadron, against Fort McAllister, March, 1863,, and in the attack on 
Fort Sumter, April 7, 1863 ; had charge of a draft of 22U seamen on board 
of the California passenger steamer "Ocean Queen," May, 1864, bound to 
Aspinwall; two days after leaving New York sujipressed an o])en and organ- 
ized mutiny, with the assistance of Boatsw'ain Thomas G. Bell, who was the 
only aid assigned, receiving in doing so the excellent co-operation of Captain 
Tinklepaugh, — who commanded the "Ocean Queen," — his officers, and 
several of the passengers; commanding steam-sh)op "Mohican," North 
Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1864-5; in the bombardment of Fort Fisher, 
December, 1864, and again when it was carried by assault by the army, 
January, 1865 ; commanding iron-clad " Miantonomah," special service, 
1866. Commissioned as Captniu, July 25, 1866; special duty, Hartford, 
Connecticut, 1866-7 ; commanding tlag-ship "Piscataqua," Asiatic Squadron, 
1867-8; Chief of Bureau of Yards and Docks, 1869-71. Commissioned as 
Commodore, 1S7 2 ; Chief of Bureau of Navigation, 1871-8. Commissioned as 
Rear-Admiral, 1887 ; retired at his own request, 1878 ; July, 1878, appointed 
chairman of a board for the re-location of the Naval Observatory ; April, 
1879, ordered to attend the convocation at Paris, France, known as the 
Inter-oceanic Ship-Canal Congress ; had constructed on his design a cask 
"balsa," or life-boat, which is now at the Navy Yard, Portsmouth, N. H., at 
which place are built life-boats on this design for all of our vessels of war ; 
total sea-service 21 years and 1 month ; other duty, 17 years and 3 months. 
In 1881 a Naval Advisory Board recommended the building of five marine 
rams of 2000 tons displacement on plans and specifications laid before the 
Board by him. One is built and nearly ready for trial at Bath, Maine. 

John M. B. Clitz.— Born in New York, March 10, 1823. A])pointed 
from Michigan, April 12, 1837; attached to sloop " Ontario," West India 
Squadron, 1838-42 ; Naval School, Philadelphia, 1843. Promoted to Passed 
Midshipman, June 29, 1843 ; sloop "St. Mary's," ^lediterranean Squadron, 
1844-5 ; sloop " Falmouth," Home Squadron, 1845-6 ; bomb-brig " Hecla," 
Home Squadron, 1847; capitulation of castle of San Juan d'Ulloa and cap- 
ture of Tuspau ; steamer " Petrita," Home Squadron, 1847-48 ; frigate 
" Cumberland," IMediterranean Squadron, 1849-51. Commissioned as Lieu- 
tenant, A\)X\\ 6, 1851; Coast Survey, 1851-2; steam frigate " Mississippi," 
East India Squadron, 1852-5; special duty, Washington, 1856; sloop " De- 
catur," Pacific Squadron, 1858-59; steam sloop "Iroquois," 1861. Com- 
missioned as Commander, July 16, 1862 ; commanding steamer " Penobscot," 



46 REAR-ADMIEALS. 

North Atlantic Blockadinjjj Squadron, 1863 ; commanding steam sloop 
"Juniata," East Gulf Blockading Squadron, iSGo; coniinauding steamer 
" Osceola," North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1864-5 ; at both attacks 
on Fort Fisher; Navy Yard, Boston, 1866. Commissioned as Captain, July 
25,1866; commanding steam sloop " Pawnee," South Atlantic Squadron, 
1868-9; ordnance duty, ^'avy Yard, New York, 1870; commanding "Cali- 
fornia" (second-rate). Pacific Fleet, 1S70-2. Commissioned as CoJiDiiodore, 
Decend>er 28, 1872 ; commanding Naval Station, Port Royal, S. C, 1876-7 ; 
Light-House Inspector, 1878-80. Promoted to Bear- Admiral, INIarch, 1880 ; 
commanding Asiatic Station, 1881-3. Ketired on his own application, Octo- 
ber. 1883. 

Donald MacNeill Fairfax. — Born in Virginia, jNIarch 10, 1821. Ap- 
])()inted Mid-^hiptiuiii from ]Sorth (."arolina, August 12, 1837 ; attached to the 
" Hudson " receiving and school-ship at ^Jew York three months ; December, 
1837, ordered to the " John Adams," consort to the tlag-ship "Columbia," 
Commodore George C. Read, Fast Indies, and around the world, 1838-40; 
1839, en route from British India to China, destroyed several piratical vil- 
lages on the West Coast of Smnatra, for outrages committed upon our trading 
vessels in those seas ; took part in the same ; 1840-1, attached to the "North 
Carolina," receiving and school-ship at New York; May, 1841-2, " Fair- 
field, " ]\lediterrancan ; returned in " Brandywine," July, 1842 ; joined class 
stuvding at Naval School, I'hiladelphia. September, 1842. Promoted to Fagsed 
Mid!^hip))iaii, June 29, 1843; ordered to "Missouri," Caleb Cushing on 
board, bound to China, wrt Suez; at Gibraltar, in September, 1843, " Mis- 
souri " was destroyed by tire : returned to Boston in a chartered vessel ; win- 
ter of 1843-4, attached to Naval Observatory ; February, 1844, occurred 
the accident on board " Princeton," — the bursting of Stockton's " peace- 
maker,"— was present on that sad occasion ; June, 1844, onleied to "Galla- 
tin," Coast Survey; ^larch, 1845, attached to "Porpoise" four months; 
transferred to " Columbus," " Vincennes " in company, July of same year ; 
sailed the second time on iv vt>yage around the world, — Alexander Everett, 
INlinister to China, on board, — ill-health preventing his going farther than 
Rio de Janeiro. Commodore James Biddle. on reaching Canton, January, 
1846, ratified the " Cushing treaty;" touched at Ja]ian on the way to the Sand- 
wich Islands and \'alparaiso. Commodore Biddle presented letters to the 
Emperor from the President of the United Stales, proi)osing commercial rela- 
tions with that country, which were courteously declined ; at the same time 
offering to supply our ships with all necessary provisions. On reaching the 
Pacific Coast learned of the war with JNIexico ; at ^lonterey appt)inted Acting 
Mai<ti'r of the " Erie ;" transferred in same position to the " Cyane," — Com- 
mander Dupont, — and remained out on the California Station till the close of 
the war; took part in the capture of ]Mazatlan and Lower California, — Com- 
modore Shubrick ; returnctl to Norfolk in September, 1849 ; attached to the 
Naval Rendezvous, >sew York, 1849-50 ; " Congress " flag-ship, Conunodore 
IMcKeevor, Brazil Squadron, l(S50-3 ; on the way out to Rio stojiped at 
Havana, and effected the release of the filibuster Colonel Crittenden and his 
command, sending them to Pensacola in vessels of the Home Squadron. 
AVarranted as Mai^ttr in the line of promotion, August 4, 1850. Commis- 
.siontd as Licidenant, February 26, 1851 ; 1854, attached to the Navy Yard, 
AVashington, four months; 1854-5, on duty at >Javy Department, connected with 
the Chili astronomical observations, under Commander James H. Gillis ; 1855, 
ordered to " Pot(>mac " flag-ship. Commodore Paulding, Home Squadron ; the 
last eiffhteen months of her commission was Executive -Officer ; transferred to 



REAR-ADMIRALS. 47 

"Wabash " flag-ship, expiration of cruise, September, 1858 ; in the summer 
of 1857 President Pierce joined at Portsmouth, N. 11., talcing a trip ak)ng the 
coast to Annapolis of about a \veek ; 1858, landed under Ca])tain Engle at 
Greytown,and caused the surrender of the fdihuster Walker and his coninumd, 
making his second attempt to concpier Nicaragua; 1858-1), ordnance duty. 
Navy Yard, New York ; 1851), "Mystic," transferred on arrival on the AVest 
Coast of Ai'rica to the " Constellation," as Exccutive-Oflicer ; 18()0-1, in the 
same position, "San Jacinto ;" returning through the West Indies and Cuba, 
the hoarding of the British mail packet "Trent," and the taking therefrom 
IMason and Slidell, and their secretaries, Eustis and McFarland, was directed 
in person by Lieutenant Fairfax, a most delicate and important event of the 
war; 18(11-2, in charge of ordnance at Philadelphia; May, 18(i2, ordered to 
command " ('ayuga," reporting to Admiral Farragut off New Orleans ; in 
command of the naval force above that point as far as Port Hudson, co-oi)er- 
ating with the army at Donaldsonville, occasionally skirmishing with the 
enemy along the river. Commissioned as Covimander, July 10, 18(52 ; in 
sight of the "Arkansas," above Baton Rouge, when her commander, finding 
her helpless, set heron fire and abandoned her. January, 18()3, ordered 
North to command the monitor " Nantucket," just built at South Boston ; 
reported to Admiral Dupont at Port Royal in the latter ])art of INIarch ; in 
the attack of the outer forts of C'harleston, April 7th ; transferred to tKe 
" Montauk ; " participated in all the jirincipal operations before Charleston, 
until August 25th, when ordered North ; and in September api)ointed Com- 
nuuidant of Midshipmen at the Naval Academy, Newport, R. I.; commanded 
the Practice Scjuadron each siunmer, 18()4-5; directed the transfer of shii)s 
and material back to Annapolis, and handed over the command to Admiral 
Porter ; detached on ap|)lication, and soon after appointed to command the 
" Rhode Island," tem})orary flag-vessel of Rear-Admiral James Palmer, Home 
Squadron, 18G5-6. Commissioned as Captain, July 25, 18(!(); transferred 
to the "Susquehanna," flag-ship ; December, 1867, Admiral Palmer died at 
St. Thomas, and the vessel returned to New York, and in February, 18(58, 
went out of commission ; 1868-9, Ordnance Officer at lioston ; transfered to 
Navy Yard, Kittery, Me., as Executive Officer, 1870-2; January, 1870, 
served on Admiral Farragut's stafl', when the reinainsof Mr. George Peabody 
were landed from the British iron-clad " Monarch," at Portland, and subse- 
quently placed in the family vault at Danvers. Commissioned as Commodore, 
August 24, 1873; commanded Naval Station New London, 1878-8 ; twice 
President of Courts during Centeiniial year at Philadelphia ; 1878-9, Mem- 
ber of Examining and Retiring l^oard ; 1879-81, (Jovernor of Naval Asy- 
lum. Commissioned as 7i?ea;'-.4(/);(/ra^, July 11, 1880, ; in 1881 detailed to 
command the European Squadron ; declined, and on application placed on 
the retired list, September 30, 1881. Total sea service, twenty years and four 
months ; shore duty, fifteen years. 

John C. Febiger. — Born in Pennsylvania. Appointed from Ohio, 
September 14, 1838 ; attached to frigate " Macedonian," West India Squad- 
ron, 1838-40; sloop "Concord," Brazil Scpiadron, 1841-3; wrecked in 
"Concord "on east coast of Africa, 1843; attached to brig" Chippola," pur- 
chased by government at Rio de Janeiro, ami used to recover and dispose of 
equipment of " Concord," 1843-4. Promoted to Fa^ed Midshipman, May 
20, 1844; frigate " Potomac," Home Squadron, 1844-5; sloop " Dale," 
Pacific Squadron, 1846-7; frigate "Columbus," Pacific Squadron, 1848; 
sloop "Dale," African Squadron, 1850; coast survey, 1852-7. Commis- 
sioned as Lieutenant, April 30, 1853; sloop " Germantown," East India 



48 REAR-ADMIRALS. 

Squadron, 1858-60 ; sloop " Savannah," 1861. Commissioned as Commander, 
August 11, 1862 ; commanding the steamer " Kanawha," West Gulf Block- 
ading Squadron, 1862-3; engagement off Mobile Bay, April 3, 1862 ; com- 
manding steamers " Osage," " Neoslio," and " Lafayette," iNlississippi Squad- 
ron, 1-63 ; commanding steamer " Mattabeset," IS'orth Atlantic Blockading 
Squadron, 1864-5 ; engagement with rebel ram " Albemarle" in Albemarle 
Sound, May, 1864 ; commanding steamer " Ashuelot," Asiatic Squadron, 
1866-8. Commissioned as Captain May 6, 1868 ; commanding steam sloop 
" Shenandoah," Asiatic Squadron, 1868-9. While commanding the " Shen- 
andoah," entered and surveyed Ping-Yang Inlet, west coast of Corea. In- 
spector of Naval Reserve Lands, from 18(39-72 ; commanding U. S. steamer 
'' Omaha," South Pacific Squadron, 1872-4 ; member Board of Examiners, 
1874-6 ; Commandant Navy Yard, Washington, D. C, 1876 to August, 
1880 ; special duty, Washington, August, 1880, to Uarch, 1881 ; INIarch 8, 
member Retiring Board, 1881-2. Promoted to Bear-Admiral, February 4, 
1882. Retired on his own application, July 1, 1882. 

Pierce Crosby. — Born in Delaware County, Pa. Appointed Midship- 
man from Pennsylvania, June 5, 1838 ; attached to line-of-battle-ship " Ohio," 
from 1838 until the summer of 1841, while tlag-sliip in the Mediterranean ; 
attached to receiving-vessel " Experiment," at Philadelphia; afterwards at- 
tached to steamer " Mississippi," on her trial-trip Avith the " Missouri," from 
New York to Washington. In 1842, was attached to the frigate " Congress," 
and sailed with her from Portsmouth, N. H., to the JNIediterranean ; served 
in her six months; was then transferred to the sloop "Preble," and returned 
to the United States in the fall of 1843, and was then attached to the Naval 
School at Philadelphia. Promoted to Passed Midshipiiuoi, May, 1844 ; Coast 
Survey from summer of 1844 to summer of 1846, when he was ordered to the 
sloop " Decatur," and served in her six months in the Gulf of IMexico, dur- 
ing the Mexican War ; participated in the attack and capture of Tuspan 
and Tobasco. Was then transferred to the gunboat " Petrel," and served in 
her one year, until peace was declared in the summer of 1848 ; afterward 
was attached to the store-ship " Relief, ' in 1849, carrying supplies to the 
Mediterranean and Coast of Africa Squadron, until the summer of 1850; at- 
tached to Philadelphia Navy Yard from fall of 1850 to 1852 inclusive, and 
then transferred to receiving-ship stationed at Philadelphia, until spring of 
1853 ; attached to the frigate " Sacramento," then fitting for sea at Norfolk ; 
was soon detached from her and placed on waiting orders. Commissioned as 
Lieutenaut, September 3, 1853; in the winter of 1853 was ordered to sloop 
" Germantown, ' and sailed in her in the spring of 1854, from Boston to the 
coast of Brazil, and returned to the United States in February, 1857; at- 
tached to receiving-ship at Philadelphia, until the latter part of 1858 ; sailed 
in the sloop "Saratoga," in the fiill of 1858, for the Gulf of JMexico, and 
with the exception of forty days on board the " Brooklyn," under Captain 
(afterward Admiral) Farragut, served two years, and returned to the United 
States in the " Saratoga," in 1860 ; attached to the receiving-ship at Phila- 
delphia, from 1860 to spring of 1861 ; in the spring and summer of 1861, 
served in Chesapeake Bay, keeping open communication between Annapolis 
and Havre de Grace, capturing and destroying rebel vessels in the bay, and 
cutting off rebel supplies and comuumications. In the summer of 1861, re- 
ceived orders, and was attached to the frigate " Cumberland ;" was detailed 
for duty on shore at Fortress Monroe; transported the troops across Hamp- 
ton Creek, on the night prior to the battle of Big Bethel, also transported 
them on their return after their unsuccessful attempt to take that place. 



REAR-ADMIRALS. 49 

Volunteered and took the steamer " Fannie" (a canal-boat), secured her 
boilers temporarily down to the deck with chains, and proceeded with her, 
in company with the squadron, to the attack on Forts Hatteras and Clarke, 
in order to have a light-draft vessel to operate in landing troops at that 
place; superintended the landing of troops, until the heavy surf swamped 
and broke up the boats and dashed them on the beach, when Lieutenant 
Crosby took a ship's heavy launch and landed two more boat loads of 
troops, until the sea became so heavy that it threw the launch upon the 
beach, dashing all the crew out of her on to the shore. After thus having 
landed three hundred men and officers, the squadron and transports, on ac- 
count of the bad weather, stood off' seaward, leaving the troops landed on 
the shore until the following day, when the squadron returned, opened fire, 
and captured the forts, which were garrisoned by over seven hundred men, 
who had been led to believe, by the display made by the troops landed, that 
their force was over two thousand strong, as Lieutenant Crosby succeeded in 
getting a strong picket thrown across the point in front of the enemy's bat- 
teries, thus preventing their making a reconnoissance or ascertaining tJie con- 
ditio)), of (Did actual J())-ce of the Union troops, when the squadron returned on 
the following day and relieved them from their critical condition. In this 
way the rebels were deceived and our troops were saved from attack and 
probable capture, as nearly all the ammunition was wet, and the volunteer 
troops, being in a disorganized state, could not, in all probability, have suc- 
cessfully opposed double their number. Was especially mentioned in Gen- 
eral Butler's official report of the expedition. Captured several schooners 
running the blockade, they not knowing the forts had surrendered. In the 
fall, and shortly after the capture of these forts, was ordered to the command 
of the gunboat " Fembino," fitting out at New York ; but was taken danger- 
ously ill with typhoid fever, brought on by constant exposure, privations and 
fatigue in the performance of his duties. In the winter of 1861, took com- 
mend of the gunboat " Pinola," at Baltimore; took her to Washington, re- 
ceived her battery, and sailed for the Gulf Squadron, joining Admiral Farra- 
gut's command in the spring of 1SH2. While on his way to join the squad- 
ron, captured the schooner " Cora," loaded with cotton, and sent her North 
as a prize. Commanded the '■ Pinola" on the memorable night when she co- 
operated with the " Itasca" in breaking through the chain barrier across the 
Mississippi, at Forts Jackson and St. Philip. The " Itasca" successfully 
slipped the end of the cable on the opposite shore to Fort Jackson, and in so 
doing ran hard and fast aground, but through the skilful exertions of Com- 
mander Crosby, she was rescued from her extremely perilous ])osition. 
and anchored directly under Fort Jackson's guns, which was twice tried. 
The vessels were boarded, which immediately drew the fire of Fort 
Jackson ; torpedoes were placed in the hold, also outside of the vessels, and 
everything carefully arranged ; but owing to the mass of floating timber 
around the vessels, the strong current and dark night, the wires attached to 
the galvanic battery and torpedoes were broken just as the attempt was made 
to explode them. When the third attempt was about being made, a boat 
arrived alongside, announcing the " Itasca" ashore, and in want of the 
" Pinola's " assistance to get her afloat ; the attempt to blow up the vessels 
was reluctantly given up for the time, to assist the" Itasca," and in going to 
her assistance again drew the fire of Fort Jackson. In the first attempt to 
pull the " Itasca" afloat, two hawsers broke, but succeeded with an eleven- 
inch hawser the second time in pulling her off"; and in doing this, the 
" Pinola " passed well up through the barrier under Fort St. Philip, far 
4 



50 BEAR-ADMIRALS. 

enough to prove that the road was clear, but owing to the heavy bombard- 
ment of the mortar-fleet, she was not heard or seen. Participated in the 
bombardment and passage of Forts Jackson and St. Philip, Chalmette bat- 
teries, and capture of New Orleans; also in the bombardment, passage, and 
repassage of batteries at Vicksburg, and engagement with the rebel iron-clad 
" Arkansas." Blockaded off Mobile in the fall of 1862 ; was ordered North 
to command the iron-clad " Sangamon." Was promoted to Commander, 
September 3, 1862; detached from "Sangamon," and appointed Fleet-Cap- 
tain, North Atlantic Squadron, under Rear-Adrairal S. P. Lee ; commanded 
an expedition up the York River, co-operating with General Dix, in com- 
mand of the Army Corps at the White House. In the winter of 1863, took 
command of the " Florida," destroyed two blockade-runners at Masonboro' 
Inlet, while attempting to run the blockade, just at the break of day, and in 
so doing drew the sharp fire of flying batteries on shore ; was transferred to 
the command of the " Keystone State " in 1864 ; captured five blockade- 
runners while in command of her, and caused many others to throw overboard 
their cargoes in order to escape. Detached from " Keystone State," and 
ordered to the " Muscoota ;" detached from the " Muscoota," and ordered to 
the " Metacoraet," 1864-5 ; blockaded off" Galveston, Texas, and commanded 
her in the attack on Mobile. Planned and directed the construction of 
torpedo-nets, and spread them from shore to shore of the Blakely River, 
which caught all the floating torpedoes sent down to destroy the vessel ; also 
planned torpedo drag-nets, superintended the removal of one hundred and 
forty torpedoes, and successfully cleared the track so as to allow the squadron 
to pass up safely to the city of Mobile. Occupied Forts Huger and Tracy 
on the night of the evacuation by the rebel forces ; was especially commended 
by Admiral Thatcher in his ofiicial report of the naval operations at that 
port; was detached from the " Metacomet," on her return to Philadelphia, 
in August, 1865, at the close of the war. In September, 1865, received 
orders to command the " Shamokin ;" sailed in her for the coast of Brazil, 
where he remained until 1868. Promoted to Captain, May 27, 1868, and 
detached, returning to the United States by the mail-steamer. While in 
command of the "Shamokin " conveyed Minister Washburn to Paraguay. 
At Norfolk Navy Yard as Inspector of Ordnance, 1869-70 ; Navy Yard, 
Philadelphia, 1871-2; Navy Yard, Washington, 1872-4. Commissioned as 
Commodore, October 3, 1874 ; commanding Naval Station, League Island, 
1878; commandant Navy Yard, League Island, 1878-80. Promoted to 
Rear- Admiral, March 10, i882; commanding South Atlantic Station, 
1882 ; commanding Asiatic Station, 1883. Retired on his own application, 
October, 1883. 

William Grenville Temple.— Born in Vermont, March 23, 1824. 
Appointed J. c^m^' J/i(i^/i(^m«ii, from Vermont, April 18,1840; ordered to 
receiving-ship "Columbus," Boston, September 24, 1840; detached from 
" Columbus " and ordered to frigate "Constellation," Boston, — sailed on a 
cruise around the world, and at Rio de Janeiro the " Constellation " became 
flag-ship of the East India Squadron; May 8, 1844, detached from "Con- 
stellation " at Norfolk, and granted leave of absence; August 21, 1844, or- 
dered to frigate " Potomac," flag-ship of the Home Squadron, Philadelphia ; 
March 14, 1845, detached from " Potomac " at Pensacola, and ordered to 
brig " Lawrence " at same place ; October 21, 1845, detached from " Law- 
rence " at Pensacola, and ordered back to " Potomac " at same place ; De- 
cember 5, 1845, detached from the " Potomac," at Norfolk, and ordered to 
Naval School, Annapolis. Promoted to Passed Midship nan, July 11, 1846 ; 



REAR-ADMIRALS. 61 

July 13, 1846, detached from Naval School and waiting orders ; October 5, 

1846, ordered to sloop-of-war " Boston," New York, and started for Gulf of 
Mexico ; November 15, 1846, wrecked on west end of Eleuthera, one of the 
Bahamas, opposite Hole-in-the-Wall ; November 29, 1846, ordered to Nor- 
folk in schooner " Volant," in charge of sick men from wreck of the " Bos- 
ton ; " January 7, 1847, ordered to receiving-ship " Pennsylvania," Norfolk ; 
February 4, 1847, detachtd from " Pennsylvania," and from duty connected 
with the Boston Court-Martial at Norfolk, and ordered to steamer " Scourge," 
New York, — sailed for the Gulf of Mexico ; March 29, 1847, present at the 
surrender of Vera Cruz ; March 31, 1847, present at the capture of " Alva- 
rado " by the " Scourge," and ordered to take command on shore ; April 1, 

1847, relieved on shore and ordered back to the " Scourge ; " April 18, 1847, 
present at the caj^ture of Tuspan ; June 15 and 16, 1847, present at the cap- 
ture of Tobasco ; November 27, 1847, detached from the " Scourge " at 
Frontera, by medical survey, and took passage in steamer " Scorpion ; " 
December 25, 1847, ordered as Acting Master to the steamer "Mississippi," 
Vera Cruz ; April 21, 1848, detached from the " Mississippi," Boston, and 
granted leave of absence ; June 14, 1848, ordered to Naval Observatory, 
Washington ; May 2, 1849, detached from the Observatory, and ordered as 
Acting Master to the Coa>t Survey schooner " Petrel," New York. The 
party was transferred at New Orleans into the Coast Survey steamer 
" Hetzel," and was chiefly occuj)ied in surveying the Florida Reef and Gulf 
Stream. August 2, 1850, detached from the " Hetzel," Baltimore, and or- 
dered to the Coast Survey Office, Washington ; October 11, 1850, detached 
from the Coast Survey, and ordered to the Observatory, Washington ; No- 
vember 28, 1850, detached from the Observatory, and granted leave of ab- 
sence for the purpose of taking charge of the hydrographic works on the 
survey of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, for a railroad and canal; April 5, 
1852, ordered as Acting Master to the sIoop-of-w«r " Levant," Norfolk, and 
sailed for the Mediterranean. Promoted to Master, July 21, 1854. Pro- 
moted to Lieutenant, April 18, 1855 ; May 7, 1855, detached from the 
" Levant," New York, and granted leave of absence; June 4, 1855, ordered 
to the steamer " Corwin," Coast Survey, New York, surveying that bay and 
harbor; December 3, 1855, detached from the "Corwin," New York, and 
ordered to the Coast Survey Office, Washington ; May 19, 1856, detached 
from Coa.st Survey Office, and ordered to the steamer " Corwin," Coast Sur- 
vey, New York, — engaged during the winter on the Florida Reef and Gulf 
Stream, and during summer at New York, New Haven, Boston, Salem, and 
Casco Bay ; June 1, 1857, succeeded to the command of the " Corwin ; " 
October 11, 1858, detached from command of the " Corwin," and ordered to 
the Coast Survey Office, Washington ; April 7, 1859, detached from Coast 
Survey Office, and ordered to the steam-frigate " Lancaster," flag-ship of the 
Pacific Squadron, Philadelphia, — performed the duties of Flag-Lieutenant in 
addition to those of watch and division-officer, during the whole cruise ; Oc- 
tober 11, 1861, detached from the "Lancaster" at Panama, and ordered to 
return to New York; October 24, 1861, granted leave of absence at New 
York ; November 11, 1861, ordered to command the steamer "Flambeau," 
New York, and sailed on an independent cruise to the Bahamas; January 
22, 1862, detached from conunand of the " Flambeau," Port Royal, South 
Carolina, by medical survey, and sent to New York in the frigate " Savan- 
nah ; " February 11, 1862, placed on waiting orders at New York; Febru- 
ary 26, 1862, ordered to ordnance duty, New York ; April 19, 1862, suc- 
ceeded to Inspectorship of Ordnance, New York. Promoted to Lieutenant- 



52 REAE-ADMIRALS. 

Commander, July 16, 1862 ; September 22, 1862, detached from ordnance 
duty, and ordered to command the steam-gunboat " Pembina," New York, and 
to join the West Gulf Blockading Squadron ; November 22, 1862, detached 
from command of the "Pembina," oti' Mobile, and ordered to Key West as 
Fleet-Captain of the East Gulf Blockading Squadron; April 10, 1864, or- 
dered temporarily to command the tlag-ship " San Jacinto," Key West, for 
special service ; April 18, 1864, detached from command of the " San 
Jacinto," and onlered to resume duty as Fleet-Captain ; July 12, 1864, 
present on duty in the trenches about Washington, on the occasion of Gen- 
eral Early's attack ; Se()tember 19, 1SG4, detached from Fleet Captaincy, 
and ordered to ordnance duty at Cold Spring Foundry ; November 8, 1864, 
detached from ordnance duty, and ordered to command the steamer " Pon- 
toosuc," New York, and to join the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron ; 
December 24 and 25, 1864, present at the bombardment of Fort Fisher; 
January 13 to 15, 1865, present at the capture of Fort Fisher; February 18 
to 22, 1865, present at the passage up the Cape Fear River, and the capture 
of Wihnington, North Carolina. Promoted to Comtnander, March 3, 1865; 
April 1, 1865, present at the bombardment of rebel fortifications on the 
James River above Dutch Gap; A[)ril 3,1865, present at the caj^ture of 
Richmond, Petersburg, etc. ; May 25, 1865, detached from command of the 
" Pontoosuc," Hampton Roads, and granted leave of absence ; August 17, 
1865, ordered to command the steamer " Tacony," Boston, and to join the 
Atlantic Squadron, where she became the flag-ship during the following 
year ; October 31, 1866, detached from command of the " Tacony," Norfolk, 
and ordered as Inspector of Ordnance to Portsmouth, New Hampshire; Oc- 
tober 18, 186y, detached from ordnance duty Portsmouth, anil ordered as 
member of Permanent Ordnance Board, at the Navy Department, Washing- 
ton, D. C. Promoted to C'ptain, August 28, 1870; October 18, 1870, 
detached from ordnance duty, and ordered as Assistant Judge-Advocate of 
the Navy, in the Navy Department ; December 23, 1870, detached from the 
Navy Department, and ordered to command the frigate " Tennessee," at 
New York, ami to take the United States Commissioners and their suite out to 
the Island of San Domingo ; April 25, 1871, detached from the " Tennessee" 
at New York, and jilaced on waiting orders; May 1, 1871, ordered to duty 
under the Bureau of Ordnance ; October 5, 1871, detached from ordnance 
duty, and ordered to flag-ship " Wabash," at Boston, as C'hief-of-Statt' of the 
European Squadron; July 6, 1872, ordered to command the " Wabash," in 
addition to duties as Chief-of-Stafl'; INIay 31, 1873, detached from the 
" Wabash," with leave of absence for eighteen months, and orders to re- 
turn to the United States at its expiration; December 11, 1874, ordered to 
take charge of the' government's reception of the King of the Hawaiian 
Islands at Washington, for which service, by permission of C-ongress, received 
from His Ma,jesty Kalakaua a decoration as Knight Commander of the 
Royal Order of Kamehameha I. ; relieved from this duty on December 28, 
1874; February 1, 1875, ordered, as Captain of the Yard, to New York 
Navy Yard; October 31, 1877, detached from New York Navy Yard, 
and placed on waiting orders. Promoted to Commodore, June 5, 
1878; ordered to tem|)orary duty on board the flag-ship "Hartford," at 
Montevideo, October 26, 1878 ; returned from the "Hartford" and placed 
on waiting orders, February 15, 1879 ; ordered as member of the Examining 
and Retiring Boards, at the Navy Department, Washington, D. C, October 
22, 1879 ; ordered as member of the First Advisorv Board, in addition to 
present duties, July 11, 1881 ; detached from the Examining and Retiring 



REAR-ADMIRALS. 53 

Boards, and placed on waiting order?, September 29, 1882; ordered as Presi- 
dent of the " Jeanette" Court of Inquiry, at Wasliington, D. C, October 5, 
1882 ; detached from the " Jeanette " Court of Inquiry, and placed on wait- 
ing orders, April 24, 1883, Promoted to Rear-Admmd, February 22, 1884. 
Placed on the retired list, February 29, 188 1, at his own request, " after more 
than forty years' service." 

John H. Upsher. — Born in Virginia, December 5, 1823. Appointed 
from Virginia, November 4, 1841 ; attached to frigate "Congress," Medi- 
terranean Squadron, 1841-3 ; sloop "St. Mary's, Mediterranean Squadron, 
1843-6 ; Home S(iuadr()n during Mexican War; in the Naval Battery dur- 
ing the bombardment of Vera Cruz ; Naval School, 1847. Promoted to 
Passed Midshi'innan, August 10, 1847; frigate "Cumberland," Mediter- 
ranean Squadron, 1849-50; ordnance duty, 1852; store-ship "Supply," 
East India Squadron, 1853-6. Promoted to Master, 1855. Commissioned 
as Lienfeiiaid, September 14, 1855 ; ordnance duty, Washington Navy Yard, 
1856-7 ; sloop " Cumberland," coast of Africa, 1858-9 ; Instructor at Naval 
Academy, 1859-60 ; North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1861 ; at cap- 
ture of forts at Hatteras, North Carolina; steam-frigate "Wabash," South 
Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1861 ; present at battle of Port Royal ; com- 
manding steamer " Flambeau," South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 
1862-3 ; several expeditions up the rivers of South Carolina. Commissioned 
as Lieidevaid-Commavder, July 16,1862 ; commanding steam-frigate " Minne- 
sota," flag-ship, North Atlantic Blockading Sfjuadron, 1863-4; command- 
ing steamer " A. D. Vance," North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1864-5 ; 
at capture of Fort Fisher, January, 1865 ; commanding steamei? "Frolic," 
European Squadron, 1865-7. Commissioned as Commander July 25, 1866; 
connnanding apprentice-ship "Saratoga," 1868-70; special duty. New Lon- 
don, Connecticut, 1871-3. Commissioned as Captain, January 31, 1872; 
commanding " Brooklyn " (second-rate), South Atlantic Station, 1875-6; 
member l^oard of Inspection, 1877-80; member Board of Examiners, 1881. 
Promoted to Commodore, July, 1SS0 ; commandant Navy Yard, New York, 
1882-4. Promoted to Hear- Admiral, October, 1844; commanding Pacific 
Station, 1884-5. Retired on his own ajijjlication, June, 1888. 

Edward Y. McCauley. — Born in Pennsylvania, November 2, 1827. 
Appointed from Pennsylvania, September 9, 1841 ; attached to Mediterra- 
nean Squadron, 1841-5; frigate "United States," coast of Africa, 1846-8. 
Promoted to Passed Midshipman, Augnst 10, 1847 ; frigate "Constitution," 
Mediterranean Squadron, 1849-52 ; steam frigate " Powhatan," East India 
Squadron, 1852-6; present at the attack on pirates, China Seas, 1855. Com- 
missioned as Lieuienanl, September 14. 1855 ; receiving-ship " Philadelphia," 
1856-7 ; steamer " Niagara," Cable Expedition, 1857-8 ; Naval Observa- 
tory, 1858-9 ; resigned, August 19, 1859 ; re-entered the service as acting 
Lieutenant, 1861 ; steamer "Flag," South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 
1861-2. Commissioned as Lieutenant- Comviandf-r, July 16, 1862; com- 
manding steamer " Fort Henry," East Gulf Blockading Scjuadron, 1862-3 ; 
boat attack on Bayport, Florida, and two skirmishes; commanding steam- 
gunboat " Tioga," East Gulf Blockading Squadron, 1863-4 ; gunboat " Ben- 
ton," Mississippi Squadron, 1864-5; special duty, Philadelphia, 1866-7. 
Commissioned as Commander, September 27, 1866 ; Fleet-Captain, North 
Atlantic Squadron, 1867-8 ; Navy Yard, Portsmouth, New Hampshire, 
1868-70 ; Naval Academy, 1871-2. Commissioned as Captain, September 
3. 1872; commanding steam-sloop " Lackawanna," Asiatic Station, 1872-5; 
Navy Yard, Boston, 1875-8 ; Naval Asylum, Philadelphia, 1878-80. Pro- 



54 " REAR-ADMIRALS. 

moted to Commodore, August, 1881 ; coninianded Navy Yard, League Island, 
1884-5. Promoted to Bear-Admiral, March, 1885 ; coinmaiiding Pacific 
Station, 1885-6. Retired on his own application, January, 1887. 

John Henry Russell. — Born at Frederick, Md., 4tli July, 1827 ; en- 
tered the navy as Mldi<Jti])i)H(ii, 10th Septend^er, 1841 ; nuule first cruise in 
the sloop " Cyane," Pacific Squadron, 1841-->, from which he returned in the 
frigate "United States," in 1844 ; was attached to the sloop " St. j\[ary's," in 
the CJulf of Mexico, 1844-6 ; participated in operations at the annexation of 
CJalveston, Texas, capture of Corpus Christi, and securing Fort Taylor, at 
Brazos. Guns were landed from the ship which sup[)orted General Taylor 
during the first operations of the Mexican war and at the battle of Resaca. 
Served in the blockade at Vera Cruz, prior to the capture of that city ; in 
1847 was on the experimental trip of the steamer "Alleghany," from Pitts- 
burg to Norfolk. Made Fasi^ed Alid.'<hip)>ia)i, 10th August, 1847, and grad- 
uated at the Naval Academy in 1848; served in the Coast Survey after grad- 
uating, and nuide a cruise to Brazil with supplies in the store-ship " Relief," 
and returned in the brig " Perry," 1849 ; in 1850-2 served in the mail- 
steamer "Georgia," of the New York and West India line ; was attached to 
the North l*acific exploring expedition in l858-(5. and served in the sloop 
" Vincennes," under the appointment oi' Actina Lientenant, and also as Nav- 
igator. In this cruise the U. S. envoy to China was indebted to Acting Lieu- 
tenant Russell for opening conuuunication with the Chinese, who had refused 
all intercourse. Russell boldly pushed his way to the senior mandarin and 
delivered dispatches, by which American and English envoys were admitted 
to audience. In the " Vincennes," sailed into the Arctic, where the explor- 
ations revealed errors in the charts ; had a severe attack of the scurvy, but 
remained on duty until arrival at S;in Francisco. Commissioned 3IaMer, 14th 
September, 1855 and lAeutenaM, 15th September, 1855 ; served in the frig- 
ate '■ Wabash," 1858-9, in the Mediterranean Sijuadron ; in 1860-1 was on 
ordnance duty at the Wasiiington Navy Yard, and was one of two officers 
who renuiined loyal notwithstanding that his ties and affections were with 
the South. He was devoted to the Union, and went to Norfolk to assist in 
preventing vessels at the Navy Yard from falling into the hands of the seces- 
sionists. He had charge of the last boat that left the yard, 21st April, 1861. 
He was next attached to the frigate "Colorado ; " 14th September, 18(U, he 
conuuanded a boat expedition to cut out the privateer " Judah," at Pensa- 
cola, under the protection of shore batteries and eight or nine thousand men. 
Russell boldly approache<l during the night, and after asevere hand-to-hand con- 
flict, in which twenty of his force of one hundred sailors were killed or wounded 
(Russell himself being wounded), he succeeded in destroying the " Judah," 
and regained the " Colorado." Porter's naval history states that " this was 
without dimbt the most gallant cutting-out affair that occurred during the 
war." The Navy Department complimented Russell, and Gideon AVelles, 
Secretary of the Navy, wrote : "An expedition executed in the face of an 
enemy so nuich superior in numbers, with sucli brilliancy and gallantry and 
success, cannot pass without the special recognition of the Department, and 
the whole country is indebted to those enijaged in it for one of the brightest 
jiages which adorn our naval record." The State of Maryland gave him a 
vote of thanks. President Lincoln personally expressed his thanks for this 
brilliant service to the country. Ru-^sell was then placed in command of the 
steamer " Kennebec" in Farragut's squadron. In]the attack on Forts Jack- 
son and St. Philip his ship was slow and much exposed ; was present at the 
surrender of the forts, and received the garrison of Fort Jackson as prisoners 



BEAB-ADMIRALS. 55 

on his ship ; participated in all the operations of Farragut's fleet in the Mis- 
sissipi)i Kivcr up to Vicksburg. Farragut thanked liini for his timely ser- 
vice in saving the lives of officers and men in the flag-ship's boat during a 
guerrilla attack at Jialou Kouge. Served one year in the blockade at Mobile, 
in command of the " Kennebec," 18()2-.'}; he commanded the steamer " Pon- 
tiac," South Atlantic Blockade, in 18G8. Commissioned Lieatenoid-iJovi- 
mander, J u\y Kith, 1802; in 1864 was on ordnance duty at Washington, 
and commanded the ship " Cyane," Paciflc Stjuadron, 18(54-5 ; on duty at 
Norfolk Navy Yard, and Mare Island Yard, 1866-9. Commissioned (Jom- 
VKinder, January 2<'Stl), 1867; commanded the steamer " Ossipee," Pacific 
Squadron, 1869-71, and during a memorable gale in the (Julf of California 
he rescued passengers and crew of the steamer " Continental," Pacific Mail 
Steamship ('ompany, Se})tend)er, 1869 ; served at the Navy Yard, Mare Is- 
land, (id., 1872 'A. Commissioned (^(ijitdhi, February 12th, 1874, and com- 
manded the sloop " Plymouth " in 1875, in North Atlantic S(}uadron, and 
by prompt measures he saved the vessels of the squadron from an epidemic 
of yellow fever at Key Wert; conunanded the steamer "Powhatan," on 
special duty, 1876-7 ; on duty at the Washington Navy Yard and Navy De- 
partment, i878-80 and 188()-8. Commissioned Coniinodore, October .'>Oth, 
1888, and was Commandant Mare Island Navy Yard, 1888-6. Promoted to 
JlearAdmiral, March 4th, 1886, and, having had forty-five years of active 
service, he voluntarily went on the retired list, August 27th, 1886. Since 
his retirement he has been a resident of Washington, 1). C. 

David B. Harmony. — Born in Pennsylvania. Aj)[)ointed from same 
State, A))ril 7,1847; attached to frigate " Ikandywine," Brazil Scpiadron, 
1847; frigate " Ohio," Pacific S.piadron, 1847-8; sloop "Warren," J»acific 
Squadron, 1849-50; sloo]) "Falmouth," Pacific S(inadron, 1851-52; Naval 
Academy, 185.8. Promoted to J^ast<ed Midxhipman, June 10, 185;); store- 
ship " Relief," 1 854. Promoted to Md^ifer, 1 855. (,-ommissioned as Lienfriianf, 
Septendier 16, 1855; receiving-ship, "Baltimore," 1856-7; sloop "Decatur," 
Pacific Squadron, 1858-60; steam-sloop "Inxpiois," Western Culf Jilockad- 
ing S(|uadron, l<S61-2; bond)ardment and ])assage of Forts Jackson and 
St. Philip, Chalmette battericH, and capture of New Orleans; ca{)ture 
of Grand Gulf; both engagements with batteries at Vicksburg ; en- 
gagements with rebel ram "Arkansas." Commissioned as Lieii.fenant- 
Comnmnder, July 16, 1862; iron-clad, "Nahant," South Atlantic Block- 
ading Squadron, 1862-8; attack on defences of C^harleston, April 7, 
1868; capture of rebel ram "Atlanta," June 17, 1868; bond)ardment of 
Morris Island batteries, from July 10 to August 1, 1868; comnumding 
steam-gunboat "Tahoma," East Gulf Blockading Sfjuadron, 18()4 ; com- 
niaiiding steam-gunboat "Sebego," West Gulf lilockading S(|uadron, 
18()4— 5; capture of Mobile. Commissioned as Comiitaiidcr, ^\\\y 21'), 1866; 
conimanding steamer "Frolic," European S(iuadron, 1867-9; Inspector of 
Supjdies, Navy Yard, New York, 18(!9-71 ; c()mmanding "Koarsarge" 
(second-rate), Asiatic Station, 1878-4; commanding flag-ship "Hartford," 
Asiatic Station, l'S74— 5. Commmissioned as (Japfahi, February 4, 1875; 
commanding "Plymouth," North Atlantic Station, 1877-9; commanding 
"Tennessee," 1879-80; commanding receiving ship "Colorado," 1881-8; 
member of Examining Board, 1884-5; chief of Bureau of Yards and Docks, 
188.5-9. Promoted to Commodore, Se])tend)er 1885; Chairman of Light- 
House Board 1889 to June, 1891 ; commanding Asiatic Station, February 22, 
1892, to date of retirement, June 26, 1898. Promoted to Rear- Admiral, 
March, 1890. Commanding Asiatic Station, February 22, 1892, to date of 
retirement, June 26, 1898. 



66 REAR-ADMIRALS. 

Aaron Ward Weaver. — Born in District of Columbia, July 1, 1832. 
Appointed from Ohio, May 10, 1848; attached to sloop " St. Louis," Brazil 
Squadron, 1849-51 ; frigate " Congress," Brazil Squadron, 1851-3; Naval 
Academy, 1854. Promoted to Passed Midshipman, June 15, 1854; steamer 
"Fulton," Home Squadron, 1854—5. Promoted to Master, 1855. Commis- 
sioned as Lieutenant, September 16, 1855 ; Coast Survey steamer "Walker," 
1856-7 ; steamer "Arctic," latter part of 1857 ; surveying Trinity Bay, 
Newfoundland for Atlantic telegi-aph cable, also deep-sea soundings doAvn 
axis of Gulf Stream ; sloop " Marion," coast of Africa, 1857-9 ; July, 1859, 
came to New York from Congo River, in command of prize-bark "Ardennes," 
which vessel had been seized as a slaver; steam-frigate " Susquehanna," 
Blockading Squadron, 1861-2 ; bombardment and capture of Forts Hatteras 
and Claike, North Carolina ; bombardment and ca{)ture of Forts Beauregard 
and Walker, Port Royal, South Carolina; in charge of " Susquehanna's " 
armed launches, before the fall of Fort Pulaski, convoying guns up to the 
army battery at Vernes Point, and taking up torpedoes, surveying, etc. ; 
engagement at Sewell's Point, Virginia, May 18, 1862, and present at 
occupation of Norfolk by United States forces. Commissioned as Lieittenant- 
Commander, July 16, 1862 ; commanding steam-gunboat " Winona," Western 
Gulf Blockading Squadron, 1862-3 ; severe engagement with rebel batteries 
near Port Hudson, Louisiana, December 14, 1862 ; engagement with rebel 
forces at Placquemine, Louisiana ; engagement with the rebels under Generals 
Green and INIouton, some three thousand in force, when they attacked Fort 
Butler, Donaldsonville, Louisiana, and were repulsed with a loss of about one 
hundred killed and wounded and one hundred and twenty prisoners ; favor- 
ably mentioned in Admiral Farragut's dispatch, dated June 9, 1863; 
engagement with rebel batteries below Donaldsonville, after fall of Port 
Hudson ; commanding steam-gunboat " Chippewa," North Atlantic Blockad- 
ing Squadron, 1864; in command of "Chippewa" at lii"st attack on Fort 
Fisher; was transferred to command iron clad "Mahopac," and was in com- 
mand of that vessel at last attack and capture of Fort Fisher ; favorably 
mentioned in Admiral Porter's despatch, dated January 28, 1865, and recom- 
mended for promotion ; also favorably mentioned in report dated January 
15, 1865, of Commodore William Radford, commanding iron-clad division ; 
was ordered to Charleston, and on the advanced picket when that place and 
its fortifications were captured ; was then ordered to James River. The 
" Mahopac " encountered a heavy gale of wind on her passage, but weathered 
it safely, and anchored in James River above Dutch Gap Canal. Was pres- 
ent at the fall of Richmond ; Navy Yard, Boston, 1866. Commissioned as 
Commander, July 25, 1866; commanding United States steamer "Talla- 
poosa," 1866-7 ; commanding rendezvous, Washington, 1868 ; Inspector of 
Supplies, Washington, 1869-70; commanding " Terror " (iron-clad), North 
Atlantic Fleet, 1870-1 ; charge of nitre depot. Maiden, Massachusetts, 
1872-5; commanding "Dictator" (iron-clad). North Atlantic Station, 
1875-7. Commissioned as Captain, August 8, 1876 ; Navy Y^ard, Norfolk, 
1879-81 ; commanding United States steamer " Brooklyn," South Atlantic 
Station, 1881-4; member of Examining Board, 1885-6. Promoted to 
■Commodore, October, 1886 ; President of Examining Board, 1886-9. Com- 
mandant Navy Y'ard, Norfolk, January 9, 1890, to January 17, 1893; Pres- 
ident Examiuing and Retiring Boards, January 17, 1893, to September 26, 
1893. Commissioned Rear- Admiral, June 27, 1893. Retired September 26, 
1893. 



COBIMODORES. 57 



COMMODORES ON THE ACTIVE LIST. 

John G. ^Valker. — Born in New Hampshire. Appointed from Iowa, 
October 5, 1850; Naval Academy, 1851 ; altaclied to sloop "Portsmouth," 
Pacific Squadron, 1851-5; Naval Academy, 1856; graduated at the head 
of his class. Promoted to Prt.^serf J/i^.-^/iZ/wna^, June 20, 1856 ; sloop " Fal- 
mouth," Brazil Squadron, 1856-7 ; frigate "St. Lawrence," Brazil Squadron, 
1858-9. Commissioned as Lieutenant, January 23, 1858 ; Instructor in 
Mathematics Naval Academy, 1859-60; steamer "Susquehanna," 1860-61 ; 
steamer "Connecticut," Atlantic coast, 1861; steam-gunboat "Winona," 
West Gulf Blockading Squadron, 1862; passage of Forts Jackson and 
St. Philip, Chalmette batteries, and capture of New Orleans ; opera- 
tions against Vicksburg, in summer of 1862, including the passnge of 
the batteries both ways. Commissioned as Lievtenant- Commander, July 16, 
1862; commanding iron-clad steamer "Baron de Kalb," Mississippi 
Squadron, 1862-8; operations against Vicksburg, winter of 1862-3; 
two attacks on Haines' Bluff ; engagement at Arkansas Post; Yazoo Pass 
Expedition ; with the attack on Fort Pemberton ; capture of Yazoo City, 
and expedition up Yazoo River to destroy steamers, having three sharp 
fights; commanded naval battery in 15th Army Corps at siege of Vicks- 
burg; commanding steam-gunboat " Saco," North Atlantic Blockading 
Squadron, 1864-5 ; capture of Wilmington, N. C, and forts, with the ex- 
ception of Fort Fisher ; commanding steamer " Shawmut," Brazil Squadron, 
1865-6. Commissioned as Commander, July 25, 1866 ; Naval Academy, 
1866-9; commanding frigate "Sabine," special service, 1869-70; Light- 
House Inspector, 1871-2; Secretary Light-House Board, 1873-8. Com- 
missioned as Captain, 1877; leave of absence, 1879-80; commanding "Pow- 
hatan," North Atlantic Station, 1881 ; Chief Bureau of Navigation, 1881-9. 
Promoted to Commodore, February, 1889 ; commanding Squadron of Evo- 
lution as Acting Bear Admiral, 1889-90. Commanding South Atlantic 
and North Atlantic Stations, 1890 to June, 1893 ; member Board of Inspec- 
tion and Survey, June, 1893 to date. 

Francis M. Ramsay. — Born in the District of Columbia. Appointed 
3fidshipman from Pennsylvania, October 5, 1850 ; Naval Academy, 1850-1 ; 
practice-ship "Preble," 1851 ; frigate "St. Lawrence," Pacific Squadron, 
1851-5; Naval Academy, 1855-6. Promoted to Passed Midshipman, June, 
1856; sloop "Falmouth," Brazil Squadron, 1857. Appointed Aciing Master, 
June 24, 1857; steam-frigate "Merrimac," Pacific Squadron, 1857-60. 
Promoted to Master, January 22, 1858. Promoted to Lieutenant, January 
23, 1858; ordnance duty, Navy Yard, Washington, D. C, 1860; sloop 
" Saratoga," African Squadron, 1860-2. Promoted to Jjieutenant- Commander, 
July 16, 1862; commanding iron-clad ""Choctaw," Mississippi Squadron, 
1863-4; engagements at Haines' Bluflf", Yazoo River, April 30 and May 1, 
1863 ; expedition up Yazoo River to Yazoo City, destroying rebel Navy 
Yard and vessels. May, 1863 ; engagement at Liverpool Landing, Yazoo 
River, May, 1863 ; engagement at Milliken's Bend, Mississippi River, June 
7, 1863; siege of Vicksburg, IMay, June, and July, 1863; commanded a 
battery of three heavy guns mounted on scows, in front of Vicksburg, from 
June 19, to July 4, 1863 ; commanding Third Division, Mississippi Squadron, 
July, 1863, to September, 1864; sevei-al engagements with field batteries 
and guerrillas, 186.3-4; commanded expedition up Black and Ouachita 
Rivers, March, 1864 ; engagement at Trinity, La., March, 1864 ; engagement 
at Harrisonburg, La., Ouachita River, March, 1864 ; Red River Expedition, 



58 COMMODORES. 

March, April, May, 1864 ; expedition up Black and Ouachita Rivers, April, 
1864 ; several engagements with guerrillas at Fort De Russy, La., May, 1864 ; 
commanding Third and Fourth Districts, Mississippi Squadron, May to Sep- 
tember, 1864; conmianded expedition into Atehafalaya River, June, 1864; 
engagement at Simmsport, La., Atehafalaya River, June 8, 1864; command- 
ing gunboat " Unadilla," North Atlantic Squadron, 1864-5; engagements 
with Fort Fisher, N. C, December 24 and 25, 1864 ; engagement with Fort 
Fisher, N. C, January, 1865 ; several engagements with Fort Anderson, and 
with other forts on the Cape Fear River, January, February, 1865 ; capture of 
Richmond, Va. ; Naval Academy, in charge of Department of Gunnery, 
1865-6. Promoted to Commander, July 25, 1866 ; navigation dutv, Navy 
Yard, Washington, D. C, 1866-7; Fleet Captain and Chief of Staff, South 
Atlantic Squadron, flagship "Guerriere," 1867-9; commanding steam- 
frigate "Guerriere," June, July, 1869 ; ordnance dutv, Navy Yard, Wash- 
ington, D. C, 1869-72; Bureau of Ordnance, 1872; Naval Attache, 
London, 1872-3; commanding "Ossipee" (third-rate). North Atlantic 
Station, 1873-4; commanding "Lancaster" (second-rate), 1874-5; Naval 
Asylum, Philadelphia, 1875-6 ; Inspector of Ordnance, New York, 1876-8. 
Commissioned as Captain, 1878; in charge of Torpedo Station, 1878-81; 
commanding "Trenton," flagship, European Station, 1881 ; Superintendent 
Naval Academy, 1881-6; Board for Examination of Officers for Promotion, 
1886-7 ; commanding " Boston " (special service), 1887-9. Promoted to 
Commodore, March, 1889; Chief of Bureau of Navigation, from November 
1, 1889, to date. 

Joseph S. Skerrett. — Born in Ohio. Appointed from Ohio, October 
12, 1848; attached to razee "Independence," Mediterranean Squadron, 
1848-52; sloop " Marion," coast of Africa, 1852-4, as Midshipman and 
Navigator and Watch-Officer; Naval Academy, ] 855. Passed MidsJiipman, 
June 15, 1854, having passed at the head of his class. Promoted to Master, 
September 15, 1855. Promoted to Liexitenani, September 16, 1855; frigate 
"Potomac," Home Squadron, 1855-6; sloop " Falmouth," Brazil Squadron, 
1856-9 ; store barque " Release," North Atlantic, 1859 ; sloop "Saratoga," 
coast of Africa, 1860-2. Commissioned as Lieutenant- Commander, July 16, 
1862; Navy Yard, Washington, Ordnance Duty, 1862-3; attached to 
"Shenandoah" (second-rate) as Executive, North Atlantic Squadron, 1863; 
commanding gunboat " Aroostook," Western Gulf Squadron, 1863-5; en- 
gagement with rebel fortifications at the mouth of Brazos River, Texas, June 
27, 1864 ; Naval Rendezvous, Washington, 1866-7 ; commanding apprentice- 
ship "Portsmouth," 1867-8. Commissioned Commander, June 9, 1867; 
Naval Academy, 1868-72, during which time he commanded "Macedonian" 
and " Saratoga" on two practice cruises'; commanding ' Portsmouth " (third- 
rate), surveying in Pacific, 1872-5; Navy Yard, Washington, 1875-8; 
Light-House Ins]iector, First District, 1878-81 ; commanding " Richmond," 
flag-ship of the Asiatic Station, 1881-4, assuming command at Panama, and 
by direction of Navy Department visiting Apia, Samoa, to settle trouble of 
United States Consul and to examine Coal Station at Pago-Pago. Succeeded 
to command of squadron on Asiatic Station, October, 1883, and continued in 
command until January, 1884 ; Naval Asylum Philadelphia, 1884-6 ; Gov- 
ernor Naval Asylum, 1886-8 ; member Naval Advisory Board, 1889. Pro- 
moted to Commodore, August 4, 1889 ; commandant Navy Yard, Ports- 
mouth, N. H., 1889-90 ; commandant Navy Yard, Washington, September, 
1890 to December, 1892 ; Jan. 1893, he was ordered to command the Asiatic 
Station, his present duty, with rank of Bear-Admiral. 



COMMODORES. 59 

Joseph P. Fyffe.— Born in Ohio, July 26, 1832. Appointed from Ohio, 
September 9, 1847; attached to bomb-vessel "Stromboli," Home Squadron, 
1847-8 ; sloop " Yorktown," coast of Africa, 1848-50 ; Home Squadron, 1852 ; 
Naval Academy, 1853-4. Promoted to Pmsed Mid>ilupman, June 15, 1854; 
steam-frigate "San Jacinto," special service, 1855. Commissi(med as Xieu- 
ifnan^, September 16, 1855; store-ship "Relief," Brazil Squadron, 1856-7; 
sloop " Germantown," East India Squadron, 1857-9 ; steam-sloop "Lancas- 
ter," 1860-1; steam-frigate "Minnesota," flag-ship North Atlantic Block- 
ading Squadron, 1863-5 ; took part in the destruction of the blockade-runner 
" Hebe," and two rebel guns on the beach near Fort Fisher, North Carolina, 
August, 1863; also in the destruction of the blockade-runner "Ranger," and 
engagement with infantry below Fort Caswell, North Carolina, January, 
1864; engaged a rebel force of artillery above Cox's wharf, James River, 
May, 1864 ; engaged rebel batteries near Deep Bottom, James River, and rebel 
batteries at Curtis' Neck, near Tilgman's wharf, James River, June, 1864"; 
engaged rebel batteries and rams near Dutch Gap, January, 1865. Commis- 
sioned as Lieutenant- Commander, July 16, 1862; Navy Yard, Boston, 1867 ; 
steamer " Oneida," Asiatic Squadron, 1868-9. Commissioned as Commander, 
December 2, 1867; commanding steamer "Centaur," North Atlantic Fleet, 
1869-70; in charge nitre depot^ Maiden, Mass., 1871-2; commanding 
"Monocacy" (third-rate), Asiatic Station. 1875-8. Promoted to Captain,, 
January, 1879 ; commanding receiving-ship " St. Louis," 1879-80 ; command- 
ing receiving-ship " Franklin," 1880-2; commanding " Pensacola," Pacific 
Station, 1882-3; Navy Yard, Boston, 1885-8. Promoted to Commodore, 
February, 1889, Waiting orders, 1889-90. Special duty, Boston, October, 
1890-91 ; commanding Naval Station, New London, June 29, 1891, to 
July, 1893; commanding Navy Yard, Boston, July 13, 1893, to date. 

Oscar F. Stanton. — Appointed Midshipman, December 29, 1849; 
served on board the L^. S. steam-frigate "Susquehanna" in the East Indies, 
China Seas, and Japan Expedition under Commodore M. C. Perry, Decem- 
ber, 1850, to June, 1853; U. S. sloop-of-war "Saratoga," China and Japan 
Seas, June, 1853, to September, 1854; Naval Academy, September, 1854, to 
June, 1855 ; U. S. ship " Constellation," Mediterranean Squadron, August, 
1855, to August, 1858; U. S. steamer "Memphis," Paraguay ExDedition, 
October, 1858, to June, 1859: U. S. store-ship "Supply" and U. S. sloops- 
of-war " Portsmouth " and " Marion," West Coast of Africa, September, 1859, 
to October, 1860; U. S. sloop-of-war "St. Mary's," Pacific Squadron, 
December, 1860, to March, 1862 ; U. S. steamer " Tioga," James River and 
Potomac Flotilla and West India Flying Squadron, May, 1862, to November, 
1863 ; U. S. steam gunboat " Pinola," West Gulf Blockading Squadron, De- 
cember, 1863, to November, 1864; ordnance duty. New York Navy Yard, 
December, 1864, to March, 1865; U. S. steam frigate " Powhatan," March 
to August, 1865, East Gulf Blockading Squadron ; Navy Yard, New York, 
August to November, 1865; Naval Academy, November, 1865, to May, 
1867 ; U. S. steamer "Tahoma," Gulf Squadron, jNIay to September, 1867 ; 
U. S. store-ship " Purveyor," Gulf of Mexico and West Coast of Africa, July, 
1868, to May, 1869; IT. S. receiving-ship "Vandalia," Portsmouth, New 
Hampshire, February, 1870, to April, 1871; U. S. .steamer " Monocacy," 
China and Japan Seas, January, 1872, to June, 1873 ; U. S. steamer " Yan- 
tic," China and Japan Seas, June, 1873, to October, 1874; Navy Yard, 
Norfolk, A''irginia, November, 1874, to March, 1877 ; Torpedo Station, June 
to September, 1878; U. S. frigate "Constitution," training-ship, October, 
1879, to June, 1881; U. S. Naval Asylum, November, 1881, to October, 



60 COMMODORES. 

1884 ; U. S. steamer " Tennessee," November, 1884, to October, 1885 ; Naval 
Station, New London, Conn., October, 1885, to April, 1889. Promoted to 
Passed Midshipman, June, 1855; promoted to Master in line of promotion, 
September, 1855 ; promoted to Lieutenant, April, 1856 ; promoted to Lieu- 
tenant-Commander, iSuXy, 1862; promoted to Co)»)«ajic/er, December, 1867; 
promoted to Captain, ^\.n\e, 1879. Commanding training sbip " Richmond " 
and Station, October 3, 1890, to June, 1891. Commissioned Commodore, 
May, 1891 ; Governor Naval Home, Philadelphia, July, 1891 to July, 1893 ; 
December. 1893, ordered to command the North Atlantic Station (his present 
duty), with rank of Adi)if/ Rear- Admiral. 

Henry Erben. — Born in the city of New York ; appointed from New 
York City a Midshipman in the Navy, on June 17, 1848; served in the 
frigate " St. Lawrence " (fifty guns', from July, 1848, to July, 1853 ; Coast 
Survey schooner " Crawford," 1854 ; Naval Academy, 1855. Passed Mid- 
shipman, 1855 ; serving in the frigate " Potomac " (fifty guns). Home 
Squadron. Promoted Master in the Navy, 1855 ; in November, 1855, or- 
dered to the prize filibuster bark "Amelia," captured at Puerto Prince, 
Hayti ; the commanding ofiicer was ordered to take her to New York ; after 
being at sea seventy days, arrived at St. Thomas, destitute of provisions, and 
a WM-eck, with everything gone ; store-ship " Supply," 1856 and 1857 ; em- 
ployed bringing camels for the War Department from Egypt to Texas. 
Lieutenant, December 27, 1856 ; joined, March 18, 1857, steamer " Vixen," 
deep-sea sounding for Atlantic cable; joined steam frigate "Mississippi," 
August, 1857 ; served in her on China Station, until November, 1859, re- 
turning home then with Chinese treaty ; joined the store-ship " Supply," 
February, 1860, serving on the Gulf Station ; was at Pensacola, Florida, 
wlien the Navy Yard there was surrendered to the troops of Alabama and 
Florida ; assisted in transferring the troops under Lieutenant Slemmer, 
from Fort Barrancas to Fort Pickens on the night of January 9, 1861, pre- 
vious to which, on January 8, with a small boat's crew, rendered Fort 
MacRee inoperative by spiking the guns, destroying material and twenty 
thousand pounds of powder ; returned to New York with the surrendered 
sailors, marines, and workmen of the yard ; joined bark " Release " in 
March, 1861, returning in her to Fort Pickens, Florida; transferred to 
steamer " Huntsville," engaged in blockading duty along the Gulf Coast ; 
action at Ship Island with rebel gunboats and batteries, August, 1861, and 
on December 25, off" Mobile, with rebel gunboat " Florida," she having, 
during the temporary absence of the "Huntsville," gone out in a calm to 
destroy the sailing frigate " Potomac " (fifty guns) ; joined the Mississippi 
River "fleet in April, 1862; commanded ironclad " St. Louis," at the siege 
and bombardment of Fort Pillow, and attack of rebel rams upon our fleet, in 
May, 1862 ; capture of" Memphis," June 6, 1862 ; serving on the Admiral's 
staff; commanded the " Sumter" at the siege of Vicksburg, passing the bat- 
teries then with Admiral Farragut, on July 15, 1862 ; was at battle of Baton 
Rouge, La., on August 6, 1862, and destruction of rebel ram " Arkansas," 
on August 7, 1862. Lieutenant Commander, July 16, 1862 ; returned to 
join naval howitzer battery in Maryland, with General McClellnn, during 
the Antietam Campaign ; in October, 1862, joined the monitor " Patapsco " 
as Executive OflRcer ; engagement at Fort McAllister, March, 1863'; at attack 
upon forts below Charleston, S. C, on Ajiril 7, 1863 ; steam-frigate " Niagara," 
special service on Atlantic Coast, from November, 1863, to May, 1864, when 
ordered to command the monitor " Chimo," and in July, 1864, to command 
monitor " Tunxis," — these vessels were intended to destroy the rebel ram 



COMMODORES. 61 

" Albe'iiarle," but not being seaworthy were condemned; in October, 1864, 
ordered to command the " Ponola," West Gulf Squadron ; captured under the 
batteries at Matagorda, Texas, the armed schooner " Dale," and the boats 
of the torpedo station, with twenty men, destroying completely that estab- 
lishment; engaged with batteries at Galveston, in attempting with the 
" Princess Royal," the destruction of the blockade-runner " Let Her Be ; " 
returned home, July, 1865 ; on duty, Navy Yard, New York, during 1866 ; 
commanded steamers " Huron," " Kansas," and " Pawnee," during 1867, 
1868, 1869, on South Atlantic Station. Commissioned Commander, May 6, 
1868 ; ordnance duty. New York Navy Yard, 1871 ; Naval Rendezvous, 
New York, 1871, 1872; monitor "Manhattan," 1878, at Key West; 
steamer " Tuscarora," North Pacific Squadron, running deep-sea soundings, 
during 1874 and 1875 ; Navy Yard, Portsmouth, N. H., 1876-8 ; command- 
ing Nautical School Ship " St. Mary's," 1878-82. Promoted Captain No- 
vember, 1879; commanding "Pensacola," 1883-4, in a cruise around the 
world ; Navy Yard, Portsmouth, N. H., 1885-6 ; special duty, in New York, 
October, 1886, to October, 1889 ; waiting orders, October, 1889, to May, 
1890; member Board Inspection Survey, May, 1890-91 ; commandant Navy 
Yard, New York, May, 1891, to May, 1893. Commissioned Commodore, April 
3, 1892 ; commanding European Station, June, 1893, to date. 

Richard W. Meade —Born in New York City, October 9, 1837. Ap- 
pointed Midshipman from California, October 2, 1850; Naval Academy, 
October 2, 1850, to November 20, 1851 ; practice-ship " Preble," July to Oc- 
tober, 1851 ; steam frigate " San Jacinto," Mediterranean Squadron, Novem- 
ber 20, 1851, to April 28, 1853 ; sloop " St. Louis," Mediterranean April 28, 
1853, to March, 1854 ; present at the " Koszta aflair," in Smyrna, July, 1853; 
frigate " Columbia," West Indies, May 10, 1854, to April 2, 1855 ; Naval 
Academy, October 1, 1855, to June 21, 1856 ; passed No. 5 in class. War- 
ranted Passed Midshipman, June 20, 1856 ; steam I'rigate " Merrimac," north 
of Europe and West Indies, July 12, 1856, to Apiil 4, 1857. Appointed 
Acting Master, April 14, 1857, and ordered to corvette " Cumberland," west 
coast of Africa, April 14, 1857, to January 11,1859. Warranted J/a-s<er, 
January 22, 1858. Commissioned Lieutenant, January 23, 1858; sloop 
" Dale," African Squadron, January 11, 1859, to May 23, 1859 ; steam frig- 
ate " Saranac," Pacific Squadron, September 17, 1859, to March 20, 1860 ; 
sloop "CyHue," Pacific Squadron, March 20, 1860, to August 2, 1861 ; sick 
in Naval Hospital, New York, with Mexican fever, from August to October, 

1861 ; instructor in gunnery to volunteer officers, receiving ship " Ohio," Oc- 
tober 29, 1861, to January 3, 1862 ; steam-sloop " Dacotah," North Atlantic 
Blockading Squadron, as Executive Officer, January 31, 1862, to March 9, 

1862 ; sick in Chelsea Hospital from efiects of fever, from March 9 to May, 
1862 ; steamer " Conemaugh," South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, as Ex- 
ecutive Officer, June 17, 1862, to September 8, 1862. Commissioned as J ieu- 
tejiant- Commander , July 17, 1862 ; iron clad "'Louisville," Western Flotilla, 
in comnuuid from September 15, 1862, to December 1, 1862 ; employed in 
breaking up guerrilla warfare on the Mississippi River, between Memphis and 
Helena; co-operating with troops from Major Gen. W.T.Sherman's divi- 
sion and Brig. Gen. E. Carr's division ; commended by Rear Admiral Porter 
in official dispatches ; disabled and invalided, Eas-t, by Medical Survey, in De- 
cember ; ordnance duty. New York, January 26, 1863, to June 15, 1863; 
commanded steamer " United States," in search after privateer " Tacony," 
from June 15, 1863, to July 2, 1863 ; commanded the Naval Battalion dur- 
ing the July riots in New York ; stationed in the lower part of the city from 



62 COMMODORES. 

Mondiiy to Saturday, and maintained order in the limits of district, dispersing 
several disorderly gatiierings ; steam-gunboat " Marhlehead," South Atlantic 
Blockading Squadron; in command from September 12, lyO!}, to May 8, 
18G4; stationed at Stono Kiver, S. C, on picket duty, and performed various 
services against the enemy in conjunction with (Jeneral Gillmore's outposts; 
December 25, li^iu], battle on the Stono; the enemy under General Del 
Kemper attacked from John's Island earthworks with sixteen pieces of artil- 
lery and a strong supporting infantry force, the object being to sink, capture, or 
drive o[rthe"Marblehead," erect heavier works and thus drive (Jillmore's trans- 
ports out of Stono Inlet and turn his left Hank. The " jVIarblehead's " crew 
consisted of seventy men ; after a sharp fight of over an hour, the " i'awnee " 
and " Williams " coming to her aid, the enemy was routed and driven from 
his works with the loss of two eight-inch guns and many men ; the " Marble- 
head " was struck thirty times in the hull, and lost three killed and six 
wounded ; on the 2<Sth a force of one hundred men under his command landed 
and brought away the two guns, destroying the batteries; for this service, in 
addition to C'a})tain Balch's commendation, which was as follows: "I desire to 
bear my testimony to the skill and bravery of Jjieutenant-Conunander Meade, 
who, under a shar}) fire, worked his guns with great rapidity, and handled 
liis vessel admirably," he was officially thanked in general orders by Kear- 
Admiral Dahlgren, the order to be read on every (juarter-deck in the fleet; 
subse(iuently recommended for j)romotion by Rear- Admiral Dahlgren and 
the JJoard of Admirals "for gallant conduct in face of the enemy; " com- 
manded steamer "Chocura," West Gulf ]ilockading Scjuadron, under Ad- 
miral l<'arragut. May .'>, LSfU, to July 7, LSOf) ; during this time actively en- 
gaged in blockading the Texas coast and harassing tlie enemy ; from Octo- 
ber to Decend)er, 1<S()4, captured or destroyed seven blockade-runners, viz. : 
" Louisa," " Gora Smyser," "Louisa, No. 2" (destroyed), " Lowood," "Julia," 
" Lote Hurley," and "Alabama ;" January 22, ISOf), cut out of the Galcasieu 
River, La., and destroyed, in the fjxce of a greatly su{)erior force, the block- 
ade-runner " Delphina," for which service ofiiciaily thanked by Commodore 
J. S. Palmer, commanding squadron in Admiral Farragut's absence ; April 
24, IW);-), present at the affair of the ram " Webb," New Orleans ; Naval 
Academy, .July 7, 1<S()5, to September 1, 18(58 ; commanding frigate " Santee," 
summer of 1805; commanded steamer " Marblehead," summer of 186B, 
coast of United States ; commanded sloop " Dale," summer of 18(57, coast of 
Europe ; steamer " Saginaw," Pacific Squadron, in command October 24, 
1868, to May 5, 18(5!) ; stationed in Alaska, and occupied in surveying and 
keeping refractory Indians quiet. Conmiissioned as Commatider, September 
20,18(58; special" duty. May 5, 1809, to Novend)er, 180J); ordnance duty, 
Novend)er, 18(5!), to July, lcS7() ; during which time made a thorough inspec- 
tion of all the jjrincipal gun-foundries in the coinitry, and embodied the re- 
sult of his observations in a report to the Bureau of ()rdnance. During the 
sunnner of 1870 connnanded the schooner yacht "America," for experimental 
purposes, sailed in the race of August 8, in New York Harbor, and beat the 
English yacht " Cand)ria " nearly four miles, coming in number four out of 
over twenty yachts entered for this celebrated contest. October 8 to Decem- 
ber 21, 1870, on duty as member of board to examine midshipmen of the 
class of 180}); P^bruary 15, 1871, to April 22, 1873, commanded United 
States steamer " Narragansett," Pacific Station ; specially connnended by the 
Secretary of the Navy in his annual re|)ort to the President of the United 
States, for " great judgment and skill " in negotiating a commercial treaty in 
the Samoan or Navigator Islands (sec report of the Secretary of the Navy 



COMMODORES. 63 

for 1872, pages 13 and 14). Between March 21, 1871, and April 1, 1873, 
the " Narragansett " passed 431 days under way and actively cruising, sailing 
almost eniii'ely under canvas about ()0,0()0 miles. During this time she vis- 
ited nearly every quarter of the Pacific Ocean, extending her cruise to Aus- 
tralia and the Coral Sea ; surveyed a numl)er of harbors and islands, made 
treaties, and collected, in the Polyne-ian Islands, indemnities for outrages in- 
flicted on American citizens by the natives, without dfatli or casualty of any 
kind. The cruise was so unusual a one as to attract |)ublic notice, and call 
forth comments of a very com[)linientary character from many quarters. In 
an official letter from the Secretary of the Navy to Commander Meade; dated 
May 2, 1873, the Admiral of the Navy is quoted as speaking of the "Narra- 
gansett" and her return of exercises as follows : "The best ever sent in," 
and reports her as performing " more professional work than any other ship 
afloat for the past two years," with other highly complimentary language ; 
May 10, 1873, special duty to prepare a report on American trade in the 
Pacific, and complimented in an official letter by the Chief of the Bureau of 
Navigation for the report transmitted ; June 30, 1873, to May 1, 1870, In- 
spector of Ordnance at the New York Navy Yard, and for the greater part 
of the time acting as Navigation officer, in addition to other duties. May 1, 
1876, to November 29, 1878, waiting orders ; November 253, 1878, ordered to 
special duty as senior member of the board for the revision of the ordnance 
instructions; January 21 , 1 <S7!), to May 2, 1 882, conunanding the steam-coi'vette 
" V^andalia," North Atlantic and West India Station. Commissioned (Jajitain, 
March 1.3, 18H(). On relimpushing the command of the " Vandalia," after 
a cruise of thirty-iiine months, the Rear- Admiral commanding the sfjuadron 
wrote officially to the Secretary of the Navy as follows : "As a commanding 
officer he (Captain Meade) has no superior." May 2, 1882, to July 28, 1882, 
on leave or waiting orders; July 28, 1882, to July 1, 1883, member of the 
Board of Inspection, and also of Board of Survey and Appraisement of old 
or obsolete vessels belonging to the Navy. The work of this Board cleared 
the navy list of most of its hulks and obsolete wooden vessels. July 1, 1883, 
to March 31, 1884, on duty at New York Navy Yard, aH Captain of the 
Yard ; March 31, 1884, to November 5, 188r), leave of absence and engaged 
in private I)usiness with the Missouri Pacific R. R. (Jo., in the West and 
South. November 5, 188.'), to December 1, 188.^, member of the Examining 
and Retiring Board; December 1,1885, to July 7, 1880, on special duty 
commanding the "Dolphin;" July 7, 188(5, to September I.'), 1887, Presi- 
dent of the Board of Inventory, to take account of stores and material be- 
longing to the Navy. Commended by Secretary Whitney in his annual 
reports. Se[)tember 1.5, 1887, ordered to duty as commandant of the Washing- 
ton Navy Yard, "where he remained until November, 18!)3, during 
which time the new gun shops were built, the tools installed including four 
traveling cranes and a railway l)uilt connecting all the shops with the main 
line of the Pennsylvania R. R. Co., so that steel ingots and other heavy ma- 
terial, etc., could be brought from the manufacturers to the tools at the yard 
with only one handling. September 15, 1890, to May 16, 1893, member of 
Government Board of Management and Control, World's Columbian Expo- 
sition, Chicago, 111., representing the Navy Department. Designed the model 
battle ship " Illinois," as the Navy Department Exhibit, and carried out the 
idea to asuccessful conclusion, when in April, 1 893, w'as taken ill at Chicago and 
obliged to cease all work. May 16, 1893, to September 27, 1893, on leave 
of absence ; September 27,1893, relieved Rear-Admiral Weaver as Presi- 
dent of Naval Examining and Retiring Boards." Captain Meade is the 



64 COMMODORES. 

author of a pamphlet on Boat Exercise, a compilation on Naval Construction, 
and has translated several professional pamphlets from the French to the 
English language. He has also contributed numerous articles to the leading 
magazines, professional and other journals of the country on various subjects. 
Charles C. Carpenter. — Born in Massachusetts. Appointed Mid- 
shipninn from Massachusetts, October 1, 1850; attached to sloop "Ports- 
mouth," Pacific Squadron, 1851-5 ; Naval Academy, 1855-6. Promoted to 
Passed MkUhipman, June 20, 1856 ; steam frigates " Merrimac," " Roanoke," 
*' Colorado," and brig " Dolphin," Home Squadron and special service, 
1856-8 ; the last-named capturing the slave brig " Echo," with three hundred 
slaves on board; in receiving-ship at Boston, 1868-9. Commissioned as 
Lieutenant, January 23, 1858 ; steamer " Mohawk," coast of Cuba, 1859-60 ; 
capturing slaver "Wildfire," with five hundred slaves on board; steamer 
"Mohawk," Texas and East Gulf Blockade, 1861 ; steamer "Flag," South 
Atlantic Blockade, 1862 ; capturing steamers " Anglia" and " Emily." Com- 
missioned as Lie atenant- Commander, July 16,1862; iron-clad "Catskill," 
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1863 ; attacks on defenses of Charles- 
ton, April 7, July 10, and August 17, 1863; Naval Academy, 1863-5; 
steam sloop " Hartford," flag-ship Asiatic Squadron, 1866-7 ; con)manding 
steamer " Wyoming," same squadron, 1868; Navy Yard, Portsmouth, N. 
H., 1868-70. Commissioned as Commander, March, 1869; Navy Yard, 
Portsmouth, N. H., 1871 ; commanding "Nantasket" (third-rate), North 
Atlantic Station, 1871-2; equipment duty, Portsmouth, N. H., 1872-5; 
commanding "Huron" (third-rate). North Atlantic Squadron, 1875-6; 
Navy Yard, Portsmouth, N. H., 1878. Commissioned Captain, March 25, 
1880 ; on equipment duty, Boston Yard, 1880-2 ; commanding U.S. steamer 
"Hartford," 1882-4; carried the English and American scientists from 
Callao to Caroline Atoll, to observe the total eclipse of the sun, in 1883 ; 
commanding U. S. receiving-ship " Wabash," 1888, to June, 1890; Cap- 
tain of the Yard and commanding Navy Yard, Portsmouth, N. H., June, 
1890 to January 15, 1894; Commissioned Commodore, May 15, 1893. 

William A. Kirkland. — Born in North Carolina. Appointed from 
North Carolina, July 2, 1850; attached to sloop " Portsmouth" and frigate 
St. Lawrence," 1853-5 ; Pacific Squadron, 1851-3 ; Naval Academy, 1856. 
Yvomoied to Passed Midshipman, iwwQ 20, 1856; frigate "St. Lawrence," 
Brazil Squadron, 1856-7; sloop "Falmouth," Brazil Squadron, 1857-9. 
Commissioned as Lieidenant, March 18, 1858 ; store-ship " Release," Brazil 
Squadron, 1860; frigate "Congress," 1860; steamer "Pulaski," coast of 
Brazil, 1861-2. Commissioned as Lieutenant- Commander, July 16, 1862; 
1802-3, sloop "Jamestown," China Station ; steam-sloop "Wyoming," East 
India Squadron, 1863-1 ; commanded gunboat " Owasco," then to " Winne- 
bago ; " commanding iron-clad "Winnebago," Western Gulf Blockading 
Squadron, 1864-5 ; served under Acting Rear-Admiral Thatcher in the com- 
bined movements of the military and naval forces against the defences of the 
city of Mobile, which resulted in the capture of that place and the surrender 
of the rebel fleet ; commanding steamer " Wasp," South Atlantic Squadron, 
1866-70. Commissioned as Commander, 1869; commanding store-ship 
"Guard," special service, 1878; ordnance duty, 1874; commanding 
"Wasp," and South Atlantic Station, 1875-6; commanding "Frolic" 
(fourth-rate). South Atlantic Station, 1876-7; commanding "Supply" 
(fourth-rate), special service, 1878 ; leave of absence, 1879-80 ; command- 
ing " Shenandoah," South Atlantic Station, 1881-2. Promoted to Captain, 
April, 1880 ; Navy Yard, Norfolk, 1883 ; commanding receiving-ship " Col- 



COMMODORES. 65 

orado," 1883-4 ; Navy Yard, New York, 1885-6 (from October, 1884, to 
January, 1885, in command); commanding receiving-ship "Vermont," 
1887-9 ; Supervisor of Harbor, New York, from October, 1889, to July, 1891; 
commandant Navy Yard, League Island, July, 1891. Commissioned Com- 
viodore, June 27, 1898. 

Edward E. Potter. — Born in New York. Appointed from Illinois, 
February 5, 1850; attached to sloop "Decatur," Home Squadron, 1852; 
frigate "Constitution," coast of Africa, 1853-5; Naval Academy, 1856. 
Promoted to Passed Midshipman, June 20,1856; frigate " St. Lawrence," 
coast of Brazil, 1857-9. Commissioned as Lieidenant, July 9, 1858; steam- 
frigate "Niagara," May 9, 18(i0; conveyed the first Japanese Embassy to 
their home; on return in April, 1861, found tlie War of the Rebellion had 
fairly commenced ; detached from " Niagara ;" ordered to " Wissahickon," 
and in her passed Forts Jackson and St. Philip, etc., etc. ; frigate " Franklin," 
1867-8, was the flag-ship of Admiral Farragut ; during the cruise of the 
"Shawmut," ascended the River Orinoco to Ciudad Bolivar, and recovered 
from revolutionists two steamers belonging to an American Company ; the 
"Shawmut" was the second United States man-of-war to visit Ciudad Boli- 
var; in 1880, commanded the U. S. S. " Constellation," taking supplies to 
suffering Ireland. Promoted to C*«^/am, July 11,1880; Brooklyn Navy 
Yard, 1881-2-3; November, 1883, in command of U. S. S. "Lancaster;" on 
European Station until May, 1885; then ship attached to South Atlantic 
Station; commanded the station from December, 18H5, until detached and 
ordered home in September, 1886; in December, 1886, ordered to command 
League Island Navy Yard, and on May 31, detached and ordered as Gov- 
ernor of the United States Naval Home. April 1, 1891, detached and 
ordered to command United States receiving-ship " Minnesota." In Janu- 
ary, 1893, was ordered to Navy Yard, Norfolk, and from there, in fall of 
1893, was ordered as Governor of Naval Home, Philadelphia, with rank of 
Commodore. 

COMMODORES ON THE RETmED LIST. 

Retired after forty-Jive years' service or on attaining the age of sixty-two years. 

Louis C. Sartori — Born in New Jersey. Appointed from New Jer- 
sey, February 2, 1829 ; attached to ship " Warren " and schooner " Enter- 
prise," Brazil Station, 1831-3 ; frigate " Constellation," Mediterranean Squad- 
ron, 1834; frigate" Constellation," West Indies, 1835; ship "Natchez," 
West Indies, l«36-7. Promoted to Passed Midshipman, June 14, 1837 ; 
Navy Yard, Philadelphia, 1838 ; frigate " Constitution," Pacific Squadron, 
1839-41. Commissioned as Lieutenant, September ^, 1841 ; receiving-ship 
" North Carolina," New York, 1842; receiving-ship "Philadelphia," 1843; 
ship "Plymouth," Mediterranean and Brazil Squadron, 1845-6; bomb- 
schooner " Strom boli," Mexican War, 1847-8 ; at the capture of Tobasco ; 
Mediterranean Scjuadron, 1849-52; on board steamer "Alleghany," frigates 
" Constitution " and " Independence ; " receiving-ship " Pennsylvania," Nor- 
folk, 1853; Naval Asylum, Philadelphia, 1853-4; ship "John Adams," 
Pacific Squadron, 1855-6 ; commanded expedition and engagement against 
the Fejees, 1855; Navy Yard, Philadelphia, 1857-^<; commanding steamer 
" Water-Witch," West Indies, 1859-60. Commissioned as Commander, AprW 
7, 18H1 ; commanding steamer " Flag," Blockading Squadron, 1861 ; com- 
manding receiving-ship " Ohio," Boston, 1862 ; commanding steamer "Flor- 

5 



66 COMMODORES. 

ida," North Atlantic Squadron, 1862; commanding ship "Portsmouth," 
West Gulf Squadron, 1868; commanding " Monongahela " and ",Oneida," off 
Mobile, 1864 ; commanding steamer "Agawam," North Atlantic Squadron, 
1866. Commissioned as Co/)to/n. September 26, 1866 ; commanding steamer 
" Ossipee," Pacific Squadron, 1868-9 ; commanding steamers "Saranac " and 
"Lackawanna," 1870; commanding naval rendezvous, San Francisco, 1871-2; 
Navy Yard, Mare Island, 1872-3. Commissioned as Commodore, Decem- 
ber 12, 1873. Retired, June, 1874. 

Albert G. Clary. — Born in Massachusetts. Appointed from Massa- 
chusetts, May 8, 1832; attached to sloop " Vincennes," Pacific Squadron, 
1834—6 ; Naval School, New York, 1837. Promoted to Passed Midshipman, 
July 8, 1839; sloop "Marion," Brazil Squadron, 1839-42 ; receiving-ship, 
"Boston," 1843-5. Commissioned as Lieutenant, April 11, 1845; sloop 
" Preble," Home Squadron, during the war with Mexico, at Tuspan and 
Tobasco ; sloop " Preble," Pacific Squadron, 1847-50 ; receiving-ship, " Bos- 
ton," 1852; sloop "Marion," coast of Africa, 1853; frigate "Con- 
stitution," coast of Africa, 1854-5 ; Navy Yard, Portsmouth, N. H., 
1856-7; steam-frigate " Minnesota," East India Squadron, 1858-9; steam- 
frigate "Colorado, 1861; commanding steamer " Anacostia," Potomac 
Flotilla, 1871 ; engagement at Aquia Creek, May 31 and June 1, 1861 ; 
battle of Port Royal, November 7, 1861. Commissioned as Commander, 
July 16, 1862 ; commanding steamer " Mount Vernon," North Atlantic 
Blockading Squadron, 1862; commanding steamer "Tioga," West India 
Squadron, 1863; commanding steam-sloop " Dacotah," North Atlantic 
Blockading Squadron, 1864 ; commanding steam-sloop "Seminole," West 
Gulf Blockading Squadron, 1864-5 ; commanding receiving-ship, " Norfolk," 
1866. Commissioned as Captain, November 21, 1866 ; commanding " Dic- 
tator," 1870-2. Commissioned as Commodore, 1873. Retired, 1874. 

William E. Hopkins. — Born in Virginia. Appohited from Virginia, 
November 13, 1839 ; attached to sloop " Vandalia," Home Squadron, 1841 
-43 ; Naval School, Philadelphia, 1845. Promoted to Passed Midshipman, 
July 2, 1845; frigate" " Cumberland," 1847; schooner "Falcon," Home 
Squadron, 1848-9 ; Coast Survey, 1850-1 ; sloop "Marion," coast of Africa, 
1851-5. Promoted to Master, December 2, 1853. Commissioned as Lieu- 
tenant, July 10, 1854; receiving-ship "Philadelphia," 1856-8; sloop 
"Macedonian," Mediterranean Squadron, 1859-60; sloop " Preble," 1861. 
Commissioned as Lieutenant- Commander, July 16, 1862; rendezvous, 
Philadelphia, 1^62; commanding steamer "Saginaw," Pacific Squadron, 
1863-5. Commissioned as Commander, November 4, 1863; commanding 
steamer "Shamrock," European Squadron, 1866-7; League Island, Penn- 
sylvania, 1868. Commissioned as Captain, S\\\\%, 1870; Navy Yard, Mare 
li^land, California, 1870-2; commanding "Benicia" (third-rate). North 
Pacific Station, 1872-5; commanding receiving-ship "Independence," Mare 
Island, 1877-8. Promoted to Commodore, December 11 ; commanding Naval 
Station, New^ London, 1881-2. Retired, January, 1883. 

Oscar C. Badger. — Born in Connecticut. Appointed from Pennsyl- 
vania, September 9, 1841 ; attached to razee "Independence," Home Squad- 
ron, 1841-2 ; sloop " Saratoga," coast of Africa, 1843-4 ; was in landing 
party from the " Saratoga," and took part in the destruction of the Bereby 
villages, 1843 ; steamer "Mississippi," Gulf Squadron, during Mexican War; 
at attack on Alvarado, 1846; frigate "Brandywine" and brig "Perry," 
Brazil Squadron, 1847-9. Promoted to Passed Midshipman, August 10, 
1847 ; store-ship " Supply," Pacific Squadron, 1850 ; fiigate " Savannah," 



COMMODORES. 67 

Pacific Squadron, 1850; sloop " Vinceniies," Pacific Squadron, as navigator, 
1851-2; Naval Observatory, Washington, 1858-4. Promoted to Master, 
1855. Commissioned as LienteHaut, September 15, 1855; sloop "John 
Adams," Pacific Squadron, 1855-6, as navigator — while attached to this ves- 
sel, commanded a ])arty which attacked and destroyed the village of Vutia, 
Feejee Islands; engaged in skirmishes with tiie Feejeeans, on other occa- 
sions; ordnance-ship" Plymouth," 1858 ; sloop " Macedonian," Mediterranean 
Squadron, 1858-60; steam-frigate " Minnesota," and Navy Yard, Washing- 
ton, 1861 ; commanding steamer " Anacostia," Potomac Flotilla 1861-2; 
attack on Cock-pit Point battery, January 2, 1862 — was favorably mentioned, 
in dispatches from the commander of the flotdla, on this occasion ; attack on 
Aquia Creek batteries, March, 1862, and engaged in a number of other attacks 
on Potomac River batteries the same year; while in command of the "Ana- 
costia," was engaged in the siege of Yorktown,Virginia, and defences at Glou- 
cester Point. Commissioned as Lieutenant- Vominander, July 16, 1862; Ord- 
nance-Officer in charge of arming gunboats building on Western rivers, 1862-3 ; 
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, I860 ; engaged in the attack on Morris 
Island batteries, July 11, 1863 ; commanded the iron-clad " Patapsco," in the 
attack on Fort Wagner, July 18, 1863, and on Forts Wagner, Gregg, and 
Sumter, August 17, 1863 ; commanded the iron-clad " Montauk," in a night 
attack on P"'ort Sumter, August 22, 1863. Appointed Fleet- Captain of South 
Atlantic Blockading Squadron, and was in the flag-ship " Weehawken " 
fii'on-clad), in that capacity in an attack on Fort Sumter on the night of 
September 1, 1863, and was severely wounded, his right leg being shattered 
by a metallic splinter ; favorably mentioned in the despatches by the Kear- 
Admiral commanding the squadron for services during these operations ; 
ordnance duty. Navy Yard, Philadelphia, and Inspector of Cannon, Pitts- 
burg, 1864-6. Commissioned as Coinmander, 'i\\\\\ 2b, 1866; commanding 
steamer " Peoria," North Atlantic Squadron, l<^66-7 ; received vote of thanks 
from the legislative assemblies of the islands of Antigua and Saint Kitts, for 
services rendered by his command to the authorities, and to the sufferers 
by the great fire which destroyed the city of Bas.se Terre, July 4, 1867 ; 
equipment duty. Navy Yard, Portsmouth, N. H., 1868-70 ; commanding 
steam-sloop " Ticonderoga," South Atlantic Fleet, 1871-3. Commissioned as 
Captain, November 25, 1872; commanding receiving-ship " Ohio," 1873-4; 
Navy Yard, Washington, 1875-8 ; commanding frigate "Constitution," spe- 
cial service, 1878-9. Special duty, revi>ion of ship's allowance books, Wash- 
ington, 1880 ; Naval Asylum, Philadelphia, 1881. Promoted to Commodore^ 
November, 1881 ; member of Examining Board, 1881 ; commandant Navy 
Yard, Boston, 1881-5. Retired, August, 1885, being at that date sixty-two 
years of age. 

William P. McCann. — Born in Kentucky, May 4, 1830. Appointed 
from Kentucky, November, 1848 ; attached to frigate " Raritan," flag-ship 
of Home Squadron, November 8, 184^, to May 1, 1850; cruise in West 
Indies and Gulf of Mexico ; again attached to " Raritan," Hag-ship of Pacific 
Squadron, June 27, 1850, to February 2, 1853; cruise in South Pacific; 
"Columbia," flag-ship of Home Squadron, May 4 to October 24, 1853; 
Naval Academy, October 24, 1853, to June 15, 1854. Promoted to Passed 
Midshipman, June 15, 1854; frigate "Independence," flag-ship Pacific 
Squadron, August, 1854, to November 15, 1857; cruise of thirty-nine 
months in North and South Pacific, Polynesia, and Sandwich Islands. Com- 
missioned as Lieutenant from September 16, 1855; receiving-ship " Alle- 
ghany," January 23 to August 3, 1858 ; Lieutenant and Navigator of frigate 



68 COMMODORES. 

" Sabine," flag ship of Brazil Squadron and Paraguay Expedition, August 
14, 1858, to May 9, 1859; visiting Bermuda Islands and Montevideo; again 
ordered to " Sabine," cruising in West Indies and Gulf of Mexico, August, 
1859, to July 4, 1861 ; at Vera Cruz on the breaking out of the Rebellion at 
Pensacola, reinforced Fort Piciiens with sailors and marines, April 14 to 15, 
1861 ; remained off'the fort one hundred and twenty-seven days, and in June 
assisted in landing additional reinforcements under Colonel Harvey Brown ; 
again attached to " Sabine, August 30, 1861, to January, 1862 ; blockading on 
tlie coast of South Carolina ; rescued a battalion of marines of Port Royal Expe- 
dition and crew of the transport steamer "Governor," which vessel foundered ; 
ordered to command, temporarily, gunboat " Maratanza " at siege of York- 
town, April, 1862 ; had several engagements with the batteries there and at 
Gloucester Point ; May 4, enemy evacuating Yorktown, "Maratanza" moved 
up the York and Pamunkey Rivers, co-operating with the Army of the 
Potomac; was relieved by Commander Stevens, remained as Executive 
Officer ; at West Point, Va., May 9, 1862, drove off a rebel battery attacking 
Franklin's corps; led reconnoitering expedition on York River and Rich- 
mond Railroad and on the right bank of the Pamunkey ; with the army at 
Malvern Hill, on the James River, had frequent engagements during the 
guerrilla warfare in the James and Appomattox Rivers, at Point of Rocks 
and City Point; July 4, captured rebel gunboat " Teazer," with plans of 
batteries, torpedoes, and defenses of Richmond ; recaptured thirty -six 
wounded officers and men of the army, captured several blockade-runners 
on the Potomac, and co-operating with the army at Aquia Creek. Commis- 
sioned i\s Lieutenant- Commander, July 16, 1862; " Maratanza," blockading 
Cape Fear River, having driven off working parties from batteries near Fort 
Caswell, was attacked by a battery of Whitworth guns, having one officer 
and one petty officer killed, and seven men wounded ; ordered to command the 
" Hunchback," in sounds of North Carolina, October 1, 1862 ; March 14, 1868, 
battle at Newbern with the forces of Hill and Pettigrew, which attacked Camp 
Anderson and the " Hunchback;" they had eighteen pieces of artillery and 
several thousand infantry. After an action of an hour and a half, she suc- 
ceeded in silencing the guns and compelling the army to withdraw. Com- 
mander Murray in his official report said, " The firing of the 'Hunchback ' 
was excellent, and the manner in which Lieutenant-Commander McCann 
handled the battery which the enemy unmasked upon him in the morning 
was as gratifying to us, and as creditable to himself, as it must have been 
mortifying and vexatious to the enemy." April, 1863, during the siege of 
Washington, N, C, had command of five gunboats, with which he frequently 
engaged and silenced the batteries at Hill's and Swain's Point, on the Pam- 
lico, and assisted in sending reinforcements and supplies to the garrison and 
gunboats at Washington ; September 6, left the sounds with the " Hunch- 
back," which was laid up at Norfolk for repairs; November, 1863, was 
ordered to command the " Kennebec," AVest Gulf Blockading Squadron, 
then commanded by Admiral Thatcher, and soon after by Admiral Farra- 
gut; had thirteen months' active service blockading Mobile, and participat- 
ing in several engagements with the batteries and Fort Morgan, while attack- 
ing stranded blockade-runners. She was mentioned by Admiral Farragut 
in a congratulatory order to the fleet on the occasion of the destruction of 
the " Ivanhoe," under the guns of Battery G and Fort Morgan. Captured 
at sea three blockade-runners loaded with cotton, — the " Marshall I. Smith," 
steamer "Grey Jacket," and the "John Scott," with forty-five blockade- 
runners and rebel officers, — the vessels and cargoes sold for half a million of 



COMMODORES. 69 

dollars; battle of Mobile Bay, August' 5, 1864. The "Kennebec" was 
lashed to the " Monongahela," fifth in line of battle, and in that position en- 
tered the bay, engaging the vessels and forts; while ramming the iron-clad 
" Tennessee" at full speed with the " Monongahela," slie had several officers 
and men wounded, one of the latter mortally, by a shell from the "Tennes- 
see," when the vessels were touching. After the collision' the "Tennessee's" 
boat's, davits and falls were left on the port anchor, and the wreck of her 
boat across the " Kennebec's" stern ; after this, a 10-inch shell from Fort 
Morgan passed through the "Kennebec's" quarter, the s])linters knocking down 
a man at the engine bell. At night she pursued and attacked the " Morgan," 
that had eluded the fleet below, and escaped by getting into shoal water at 
Dog River Bar. December, 1864, detached from " Kennebec ;" command 
of" Tahoma," February to August, 18()0 ; disabled in a gale in Gulf Stream, 
returned to Norfolk, and thence to Boston ; Naval Academy, 1866 ; com- 
mand of "Tallapoosa," West Gulf Sfpiadron, March, 1866, to January 5, 
1867; Naval rendezvous, Philadelphia, 1867-8 ; Navy Yard, Philadelphia, 
1869-70; Inspector of Lights, Eighth District, October, 1870, to September. 
1871 ; commanding " Nipsic," North Atlantic Scpiadron, October 1, 1871, to 
August 27, 1872. July 2, 1872, commissioned Commander, from July 25, 
1866; advanced sixteen numbers; Navy Yard, Norfolk, January 20 to Sep- 
tember 12, 1873; Inspector, Eleventh Light-House District, October 1, 
1873, to November 1, 1876. Promoted to Qiptain, from September 21, 1876 ; 
command of " Lackawanna," Pacific Station, March 1, 1877, to January 23, 
1878; commanding receiving-ship "Independence," Calif )rni a, from April 
10, 1879, to June 18,1881; commander of flag-ship " Pensacola," Pacific 
Station, from June 18, 1881, to August 1, 1882; court-martial duty at 
Washington, Hong Kong, China, Panama, and Boston, 1883; member of 
Light-House Board, December 16, 1883, to August 2,1887; in addition, 
President of the Naval Advisory Board, from November 4, 1885, to June 1, 
1887. Promoted to Commodore, January 26, '887; commandant Boston 
Naval Station, from June 1, 1887, to August, 1890; in addition. President 
of Navy Yard Site Commission, South Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico Coasts, 
and President of a Board on the policy for the increase of the Navy. 

Commanding South Atlantic Station, August, 1890, to August, 1891 ; 
President Examining and Retiring Boards, August, 1891, to May, 1892, 
when he was placed on the retired list. 

James H. Gillis. — Born in Pennsylvania, May 14, 1831. Appointed 
from same State, October 12, 1848; attached to frigate " Raritan," Home 
Squadron, 1849-50 ; sloop " Dale," coast of Africa, 1851-3 ; Naval iVcad- 
emy, 1854. Promoted to Pm-^ed Midxhi-pman, June 15, 1854; sloop "John 
Adams," Pacific Squadron, 1854-5. Promoted to Mader, 1855. Commis- 
sioned as Lieutennnf, September 17, 1855 ; Coast Survey, 1856-7 ; store-ship 
"Supply," Pacific Squadron, 1857-9 ; sloop " Germantown," coast of Africa, 
1859. While attached to the store-ship " Supply," then lying in the harbor 
of Montevideo, during the prevalence of a terrific pampero, rescued the cap- 
tain and three of the crew of a vessel that had foundered outside of the har- 
bor, for which, he was made an honorary member of several societies in 
Montevideo, and received the thanks of the Argentine Minister. Steamer 
" AVater-AVitcli," Home Squadron, I860 ; frigate " St. Lawrence," Atlantic 
Squadron, 1861; sinking of rebel privateer " Petrel," July, 1861; steam- 
frigate "Susquehanna," Mediterranean Squadron, 1861; South Atlantic 
Blockading Squadron, 1862 ; was ambushed at Slaum's Bluff" by a battery 
and two regiments of infantry, after the capture of a rebel battery at the 



70 COMMODORES. 

junction of the Dawho and South Edisto Rivers, but drove them off, for 
which he received a commendatory lelter from the Secretary of the Navy. 
Commissioned as Lieutenimt-Coimanndcr, July 16, 1862 ; commanded steamer 
"Com. Morris," South Athmtic Blockading Squadron, 1862-3; battle of 
Jamestown Island, South Carolina, June, 1862; North Atlantic Blockading 
Squadron, 1863-4 ; engagement with rebel battery at Taylor's Landing, 
Pamunky River, April lt>, 1863 ; commanded the " Elk," West Gulf Block- 
ading Squadron, 1864; went to the assistance of Admiral Porter's fleet, when 
he was up Red River with the Banks' Expedition ; commanding iron-clad 
"Milwaukee," West Gulf Blockading Squadron, 1864-5; engagement with 
Spanish Fort, Mobile Bay, March 28, 1865, at which time the "Milwaukee" 
was sunk by a rebel torpedo ; commanded naval battery on shore at tiie siege 
of Spanish Fort, after the sinking of the " Milwaukee," until the fall of that 
work ; commanded the " Monongahela " and "Scioto," West Gulf Blockad- 
ing Squadron. Commissioned as Commander, July 25, 1866 ; commanded 
steamer " Wateree," South Pacific Squadron, 1867-8; the " Wateree " was 
carried half a mile inland by a tidal-wave at Arica. Commander Gillis re- 
ceived the thanks of the English Government for assistance rendered British 
subjects during the time of the earthquake in Arica, in 1868 ; equipment 
duty, Wa.shington, 1869-71; commanding "Mahopac" (iron-clad), N. A. 
Fleet, 1872 ; commanding " Michigan " (fourth-rate), 1873-6. C'ommissioned 
as Captain, September 30, 1876; equipment duty, New York, 1876-tS: com- 
manding R. S. " Franklin," 1878-80 ; commanding "Lackawanna," Pacific 
Station, 1880-2; commanding training-ship " Minnesota," 1883—4; special 
duty, 1886. Promoted to Commodore, January, 1887. Commanding S. A. 
Station as Acting Rear- Admiral, October, 1888-90; Member Light-House 
Board, July, 1892, to May, 1893, when he was retired. 

Retired on their axon application after fortij years' service. 

Somerville Nicholson. — Born in New York, January 1, 1822. A]i- 
Y)omted Midshipmav from New York, June 21, 1839; attached to frigate 
" Brandywine," Mediterranean Squadron, 1839-42; brig "Truxton," 184-3-4; 
Naval School, Philadelphia, 1845. Promoted to Passed Midsliipnian, July 
2,1845; Coast Survey, 1845-6-7 ; steamer " Alleghanv," Brazil Squadron, 
1848-9; Coast Survey, 1849-52; steam-frigate "Povvhatan," Ejist India 
Squadron, 1852-4. Promoted to il/as^t-r, September 9, 1853. Commissioned 
as Liew/ertawf, May 5, 1854; steam-frigate "Mississippi," East India Squad- 
ron, 1855 ; ordnance duty, Washington, 1856-7 ; sloop "Cumberland, "coast 
of Africa, 1858-9; slooi) "Macedonian," H(mie Squadron, 1860-1; com- 
manding steam gunboat " Marblehead," South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 
1862. Goxnnn&^xoned iXi Lieidemmt-Govimamler, July 16, 1862; command- 
ing iron-clad " Sangamon," 1863. Commissioned as Commander, January 2, 
1863; commanding steamer " State of Georgia," North Atlantic Blockad- 
ing Squadron, 1864; commanding steamer "Galatea," West India Squad- 
ron, 1865 ; special duty. Navy Yard, AVashington, 1866-8 ; member of 
Ordnance Board, 1869 ; commanding steam-sloop, " Benicia," Asiatic Fleet, 
1869-70. Commissioned as Cipt'iin, June, 1870; commanding "Lancas- 
ter" (second-rate). South Atlantic Squadron, 1872-3. Promoted to Commo- 
dore, January, 1880. Retired, April, 1881. 

William Kennon Mayo. — Born at Drummondtown, Virginia. Ap- 
pointed J/iW.s7(,?'/j7??an from Virginia, October, 18, 1841; began naval service 
on the "Pennsylvania,' 120, at Norfolk, Virginia, in November, 1»41 ; 
joined the flag-ship " United States " (frigate), Pacific Squadron, November 



COMMODORES. 71 

19, 1841, and transferred to the "Cyane," February, 1843; at the capitula- 
tion of Monterey, in charge of the boats of the landing party ; November, 
1^44, ordered to the sloop " St. Mary's," of the Texas Annexation Squad- 
ron ; served in her during the entire war with Mexico ; blockade of Tampico 
and Vera Cruz ; bombardment of forts at the mouth of Tampico River ; 
attempt to cut out three gunboats in Tampico River ; planting of and service 
at the Naval Battery, Vera Cruz; fall of Vera Cruz and Tampico; Septem- 
ber, 1 847, ordered to be a ]jupil of the Naval School ; passed examination 
July 14, 1848. Warranted Passed MkUhipman, August 10, 1847 ; during 
July, 1848, ordered to the frigate "St. Lawrence," European seas; March, 
1851, ordnance duty at Norfolk, Va, ; July, 1851, ordered to the brig " Dol- 
phin," on special service to make scientific observations in the North At- 
lantic, surveys, etc. ; commended as an accurate and critical navigatf)r 
(Senate Doc, " Cruise of the Dolphin ") ; July, 1852, ordered to the steam- 
frigate " Saranac," on special service, to Brazil ; commended by the Depart- 
ment, May, 1853; during July, 1853, ordered to the Coast Survey, and in 
November of the same year, to the sloop " Cyane," detailed from tlie Home 
Squadron for the use of Lieutenant J. G. Strain's party for the exploration 
of a canal route from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean, over the Ithmus of 
Darien ; member of the United States party that made the jird topographic 
recounoissance about, and the first complete hydrographic survey of the Bay 
of Sassardic or Caledonia Bay, and member of the party that sought Strain 
in the wilderness; June, 1854, ordered to the Coast Survey; October, 1854, 
ordered to the Naval Academy, in Executive Department, and as Instructor 
in Seamanshij), Naval Tactics and Gunnery, with promotion to Actin(j 
Master; cruise of the Practice ship, 1855; special commendation (Report of 
Secretary of the Navy, 1855, page 70) ; author of MS. " System of Naval 
Tactics and Fleet Sailing," taught at the Academy, the only one used. Pro- 
moted Mader, September 14, 1855, Commissioned Lieutenant, Septeml)er 
15, 1855; May, 1857, joined the steam-frigate "Minnesota," which sailed on 
a special diplomatic mission to Asia; September, 1859, ordered to the Naval 
Academy, as Instructor in Ethics, etc. ; February, 1860, ordered to Norfolk, 
"Pennsylvania," 120; December, 1860, to the s'loop "St. Mary's" of the 
Pacific Fleet; ordered East, January, 1862, and assigned the Executive- 
Officer of the new steam-sloop " Hoiisatonic," blockade of Charleston, S. C. 
Commiiinumed Lieutenant- Commander, July 16, 1862; in command of the 
gunboat " Kanawha," Western Gulf Squadron, November, 1862; engage- 
ment with riflemen and field batteries. Mobile Point; fight with Fort Mor- 
gan, on October 12, 1863 ; commended for gallantry, etc. (Report of Secre- 
tary of the Navy, 1864, page 478) ; capture of six schooners ; directed capture 
of three steamers ; detached from the " Kanawha," November, 1863 ; in 
February, 1864, special (iron-clad) duty in New York City; May, 1864, 
took a draft of contrabands to the Pacific Fleet, at Panama, New Granada ; 
July, 1864, under direct orders from the Department, took command of the 
monitor "Nahant," in front of Charleston, S. C. ; July, 1861, discovered 
that the port of Charleston was not closed to commerce ; this led to a more 
vigorous system of picket duty, by which nine trading steamers were run 
ashore in seven months ; affairs with Fort Moultrie as episodes of picket 
duty; fall of Charleston, February, 1865 ; general commendation as an iron- 
clad commander (see Secretary of Navy's Report, 1864, page 11); March, 
1865, Ordnance Officer of the South Atlantic Blockading Fleet, and com- 
mand of Bay Point Depot until May, 1866. Commissioned Commander, 
July 25, 1866, under the operation of the proviso of the first section of the 



72 COMMODORES. 

statute; from November, 1866 to May, 1869, on navigation duty at Boston, 
Mass. ; inventor of the Naval Standard Binnacles, type of January, 1869 ; 
commanding steam-sloop " Tuscarora," North Atlantic Fleet, 1870 ; com- 
manding "Congress" (second-rate), North Atlantic Fleet, 1870-1; com- 
manding " Omaha " (second-rate). North Pacific Station, 1872-4. Com- 
missioned as Captain, December 12, 1873. Commanding " Hartford." South 
Atlantic Station, 1877-9 ; leave of absence, 1880 ; Navy Yard, Norfolk, 
1881-2. Promoted to Commodore, July, 1882 ; Commandant Navy Yard, 
Norfolk, 1882-5. Retired, 1886. 

Retired from incapacity resulting from long and faithful service. 

William D. Whiting.— Born in Massachusetts, May 27, 1823. Ap- 
pointed "at large," March 1, 1841; attached to sloop " Cyane," Pacific 
Squadron, 1841-4; line-of-battle ship " Columbus," East India Squadron, 
1845-6; sloop "Levant," 1846-7; Naval School, 1847-8. Promoted to 
Passed Midshipman, August 10, 1847; sloop " Marion," East India Squad- 
ron, 1849-52; Naval Observatory, Washington, 1853; Coast Survey, 1854- 
57. Promoted to Master, 1855. Comn:issioned as Lieidenant, Sej)tember 14, 
1855 ; frigate "Niagara," laying off Atlantic Cable, 1857 ; sloop" Marion," 
coast of Africa, 1858-60; Executive Officer, sloop "Vandalia," at capture 
of Port Royal, 1861 ; commanding steamer " Wyandotte," South Atlantic 
Squadron and Potomac Flotilla, 1862. Commissioned as Lietdenant- Com- 
mander, July 16, 1862 ; commanding steam-gunboat "Ottawa," South Atlan- 
tic Blockading Squadron, 1863 ; attack and capture of lower end of Morris 
Island ; attacks on Fort Wagner and Battery Gregg, and bombardment up 
to the time of their evacuation ; commanding school-ship " Savannah," 1864— 
Q7) ; commanding steamer "Tioga," coa*t of JNIaine and Gulf Squadron, 1866. 
Commissioned as Commander, July 25, 1866; Navy Yard, New York, 
1867-9; commanding sloop "Saratoga," North Atlantic Squadron, 1869; 
commanding double-turret iron-clad " ^Nliantonomah," 1870; Navy Yard, 
New York, 1871-2. Commissioned as Cap/a/;*, August 19, 1872 ; command- 
ing flag-ship" Worcester," North Atlantic Station, 1872-5 ; Naval Asylum, 
Philadelphia, 1876-8; Chief Bureau of Navigation, 1878-81. Promoted 
to Com/HOf/ore, October, 1881. Retired October 12, 1881, from incapacity 
resulting from long and faithful service. 

Retired in conformity with act of February 28, 1855, and its amendments. 

Henry Bruce. — Born in Massachusetts. Appointed from Massachu- 
setts, November 9, 1813. Commissioned as Lievtenant, January 13, 1825 ; 
receiving-ship " Boston," 1827; frigate " Brandy wine," Mediterranean Stjuad- 
ron, 1837 ; Navy Yard, Boston, 1840. Commissioned as Com^nander, Sep- 
tember 8, 1841 ; commanding brig " Truxton," coast of Africa, 1845; com- 
manding rendezvous, Boston, 1848-50. Commissioned as Commodore, July 
16, 1862. Retired in 1867. 



CAPTAINS. 73 



CAPTAINS ON THE ACTIVE LIST. 

Lester A. Beardslee. — Born in Little Falb, New York, February 1, 
1836. Appointed Actwg Midshipman, March 5, 1850; sloop " Plymouth," 
East Indies, May, 1851, to January, 1855; particij^ated in one battle and 
several skirmishes with Chinese Army at Shanghai ; Naval Academy, Octo- 
ber, 1855, to June, 1856. Promoted to Parsed Midshipman, June 20, 1856; 
steam-frigate '* Merrimac," special service, 1856-7; sloop " Germantown," 
East India Squadron, 1857-60. Promoted to Master, January 22, 1858. 
Promoted to Lieutenant, July 23, 1859 ; sloop "Saratoga," coast of Africa, 
1860-3. Promoted to Lieutenant- Commander, July 16, 1862; monitor 
" Nantucket," North Atlantic Squadron, January to May, 1863 ; participated 
in attack of the iron-clad fleet < n the defences of Charleston Harbor, April 
7, 1863 ; steam-sloop " Wachusett," special service on coast of Brazil, cruis- 
ing for rebel privateers, October, 1863, to January, 1865; participated in 
capture of rebel steamer "Florid:i," at Bahai, by " Wachusett," October, 
1864 ; commanded prize steamer " Florida," from October, 1864, and brought 
her to Hampton Roads, Virginia ; steam-sloop " Connecticut," special ser- 
vice, AVest Indies, 1865 ; commanded steam-gunboat "Aroostook," 1867-8, 
taking her to East India Squadron from Philadelphia ; commanded steamer 
" Saginaw," Pacific Squadron, October, 1868 ; executive of steara-sloop 
" Lackawanna," Pacific Squadron, 1868-9. Commissioned as Commander, 
June 12, 1869 ; Hydrographic Office, Navy Department, 1869-70 ; steam- 
tug " Palos," April, 1870, to January, 1871 ; took her to East Indies ; Hy- 
drographic Office, January, 1871-2 ; Navy Yard, Washington, May, 1872, 
to April 1, 1875 ; member of United States Board for testing iron, steel, and 
other metals, April, 1875, to April 1879 ; commanding sloop "Jamestown," 
Alaska, April, 1879, to October, 1880. Promoted to Captain, November, 
1880 ; leave of absence, 1882-3 ; commanding receiving-ship " Franklin," 
1883-4 ; commanding steam-frigate " Powhatan," June, 1884, to June, 1886; 
Torpedo Station, 1887; waiting orders, 1888; commanding receiving-ship 
" Vermont," July 1888-89, to November, 1891; commanding Naval Station, 
Port Royal, S. C, November, 1891, to date. 

Thomas O. Selfridge, Jr. — Born in Boston, Massachusetts. Entered 
the Navy as Cadet Midt^hijtman, October 3, 1851; graduated, June, 1853, 
at the head of his class, and as such was the first officer of the Navy to re- 
ceive a diploma of graduation under the present organization of the Naval 
Academy. Served as 3Iidshipman on board the frigate "Independence," 
Pacific Squadron, until September, 1856. Promoted to Passed Midshipman, 
November, 1856. Served as Acting Master in the Coast Survey until 
October, 1856, and as Master of the sloop-of-war "Vincennes" on the 
coast of Africa until April, 1860. Commissioned lAevtenant, February, 
1860; ordered to the frigate "Cumberland," flag-ship of Home Squad- 
ron, in September, 1860 ; was present at the destruction of the Norfolk 
Navy Yard in April, 1861, and at the bombardment and capture of the 
Hatteras forts in Septend^er, 1861 ; volunteered for the command of a cut- 
ting-out expedition of boats from the " Cumberland," at Newport News, 
February, 1862; was Second Lieutenant of the " Cumberland," and in com- 
mand of the gun-deck battery, March 8, 1862, in the fight between the 
" Merrimac" and " Cumberland," in which the "Cumberland " went down 
with her flag flying ; saved himself by jumping from a port as the ship sunk, 



74 CAPTAINS. 

and swimming to a boat ; ordered to the command of the " Monitor," after 
the wounding of Captain Wordeu ; served as Fkifj Lieutenant of the North 
Atlantic Fleet ; present at the recapture of Norfolk, and engaged in des- 
troying rebel defences in the waters of Virginia until June, 18(32 ; detached, 
and volunteered for command of the submarine torpedo-boat " Alligator," 
destined for service against the " Merrimac," No. 2. The " Alligator," prov- 
ing a failure for want of speed, was assigned to duty in the Mississippi Squad- 
ron. Commissioned a Lieutenani-Cominmider in July, 1862; was given the 
command of the iron-clad "Cairo," December 12, 18(i2 ; while in command 
of a flotilla of gunboats, forcing the i)assage of the Yazoo, was blown up by 
a torpedo; was then assigned command of the gunboats " Conestoga " and 
"Manitou;" commanded a battery in the siege of Vicksburg, manned by 
guns and men from the " Manitou; " in command of a flotilla of gunboats 
after the capture of Vicksburg ; passed up the Red and Tensas Rivers, and 
captured the large steamer " Louisville ; " while in command of the " Cones- 
toga " was engaged in many skirmishes with guerrillas and small batteries 
obstructing the navigation of the Mississippi River ; was sunk March 8, 1863, 
in the " Conestoga " by collision with the ram " General Price ; " was assigned 
to the command of the iron-clad " Osage " in the Red River expedition, and 
while bringing up the rear on its return, in company with the gunboat 
" Lexington," and while aground, was attacked by a battery and a brigade 
of dismounted cavalry, near Pleasant Hill crossing, and defeated them, with 
the loss of their General (Green) and four hundred killed and wounded. 
After the Red River ex[)edition, he was assigned to the command of the 
" Vindicator " and the flfth division of the Mississippi fleet, between Vicks- 
burg and Natchez ; was selected by Admiral Porter to accompany him to 
the East, and assigned to the command of the gunboat " Huron," in which 
he took part in the two bombardments of Fort Fisher, and volunteered for 
and commanded the third division of the assaulting columns of sailors and 
marines ; took part in the bombardment of Fort Anderson, Cape Fear River, 
and subsequent capture of Wilmington ; was three times recommended for 
promotion by Admiral Porter, and was selected for a promotion of thirty 
numbers by the Board of Admirals assembled at Washington at the close 
of the war; ordered to Naval Academy in 1865; commanded the frigate 
"Macedonian " in practice cruise, 1867-8 ; ordered, 1868, to the command 
of the "Nipsic" (fourth-rate). West India Squadron, Commissioned as Com- 
mander, December, 1869; was selected to take charge of the expe<lition for 
the surveys of the Isthmus of Darien for an inter-oceanic canal in 1869, hav- 
ing under command the " Guard," " Penobscot," " Nyack," and " Resaca ; " 
was engaged in these surveys till 1874, and explored and reported upon all 
the country south of Panama to the head-waters of the Atrato River, South 
America; Navy Yard, Boston, 1877-8; in 1878 was selected to make a 
survey of the Ami\zon and Madeira Rivers, South America ; ascended these 
rivers in the " Enterprise" (fourth-rate), 1300 miles ; completed the survey 
and returned to the United States, October, 1878; in command of the 
" Enterprise," European Squadron, 1879-80 ; was invited as special dele- 
gate by Ferdinand de Lesseps to International Canal Congress in May, 
1879, at Paris ; was presented by the French Government with the Decora- 
tion of the Legion of Honor, in recognition of the work performwd in the 
survey of the Ithmus of Darien, and made an honorary member of the Royal 
Geographical Society at Belgium ; in charge of the Torpedo Station, New- 
port, Rhode Island, 1880-4; commander "Omaha" (second-rate), Asiatic 
Squadron, 1885-7; was tried by court-martial for alleged carelessness and 



CAPTAINS. 75 

neglect of duty in conducting target practice on the coast of Japan, and 
wholly and honorably acquitted by the court, June, 1888 ; member Board 
of Inspection, September, 1881), to May, 1890; commanding Navy Yard, 
Boston, May, 1890, to July, 1898. At present waiting orders. 

Joseph N. Miller. — Born in vSpringtield, Ohio, November 22, 1830. 
Appointed Acting Mkhhlpmiui, at Naval Academy, Annapolis, Md., October 
1, 1851 ; Naval Academy until June, 18/34 ; passed the graduating exami- 
nation, and was given diploma No. o of chiss ; " Independence," Pacific Sta- 
tion, September, 1854—0 Passed examination and was promoted to PoKsed 
Miihlilprnxiii, Noveml)er 22, 1850; Naval Academy as Assistant Instructor, 
February, 1857, to October, 1858. Warranted as Maxler, January 22, 1858 ; 
sloop " Preble," October, 1858, to September, 1800, in the Paraqnay Expe- 
dition and on the Home Station ; was Executive-OtHccr of chartered steamer 
" Indianola," at the capture of the Mexican steamer " General Miratnon," at 
Vera Cruz, on March 0, 1800. Commissioned as a lAentunant, Fel)ruary 19, 

1800 ; Naval Acadeniy as an Assistant-In.-^tructor, September, 1800, to April, 

1801 ; brig " Perry," May to Novemlier, 1801, on blockading duty on the 
Atlantic Coast ; the " Peiry " captured the privateer " Savannah," which held 
Letter of Marque No. 1 ; also captured several other prizes which were con- 
demned ; steaujer " Cambridge," November, 1801, to May, 1802, on block- 
ade duty, mouth of the Chesapeake ; the " Cambridge" towed the frigate " St. 
Lawrence" into acticm when the " Merrimac " engaged the fleet at Hampton 
Roads, March 8, 18(52 ; Naval Academy, May to August, 1802, as Executive 
Officer of practice ship " John Adams." Conmiissioned as Lieutenant- Com- 
mander, July, 1802 ; iron-clad steamer "Passaic," as Executive Officer, Sep- 
tember, 1802, to June, 1803, on North Atlantic Blockading Squadron; the 
"Passaic "was engaged in an attack on Fort McAllister, March 3, 1803 ; 
was commended in official report by the commanding officer ; engagul in the 
attack on Fort Sumter, of April 7, 1803, and was thanked officially by the 
commanding officer ; special duty in New York in connection with iron-clads, 
June-September, 1803; "Sacramento" as Executive Officer, September- 
November, 1803 ; Executive Officer and in command of iron-clad steamers 
"Sangamon" and "Nahant," Novemt.er, 1803, to July, 1804; on May 10, 

1804, took part in command of the " Nahant," in an attack on Sumter ; Ex- 
ecutive Officer iron-clad steamer " Monadnock," September, 1804, to March, 
1805 ; took ])art in both attacks on Fort Fisher, and was commended officially 
by commanding officer ; Naval Academy as Head of Department, March, 

1805, to September, 1807; commanded practice-ship "Marion," summer 
cruise of 1805 ; " Powhatan " as Executive-Officer, on Pacific and North 
Atlantic Stations, September, 1807, to January, 1870. Conmiissioned as a 
Comniander, January 25, 1870; Pacific Squadron as Chief of Staff, and in 
command of " Ossipee," April, 1870, to November, 1872 ; Assistant Hydro- 
grapher, February to November, 1873 ; command of the iron-clad steamer 
"Ajax," November, 1873, to May, 1874 ; Assistant-Hydrographer, June, 
1874, to August, 1875 ; conmiand of" Tuscarora," August, 1875, to August, 
1870, on Pacific Station ; ran a line of deep-sea soundings from Honolulu to 
Brisbane, Australia; investiL'^ated and reported on state of affiiirs in Samoa; 
Assistant in Bureau of Yards and Docks, December, 1870, to March, 1877; 
Light-House Inspector of the Eleventh District, March, 1877, to October, 
1880; special duty, Washington, October, 1880, to May, 1881. Commis- 
sioned as Captain, May 28, l'S81; command of " Wabash," receiving-ship, 
Boston, May, 1881, to Ay^ril, 1882; "Tennessee," commanding and Chief of 
Staff, May to August, 1882 ; member of " Jeannette" Court of Inquiry, Oc- 



7G CAPTAINS. 

tober, 1882, to March, 1883 ; member of General CourtMartial on the loss 
of "Ashuelot," March-July, 1883; "Tennessee," commanding and Chief of 
Staff, September, 1883, to October, 1884; President Board of Inspection 
Foreign Vessels at New York, September, 1884, to April, 1885 ; command 
of" Wabash," receiving-ship, Boston, May, 1885, to May, 1888 ; Navy Yard, 
New York, Captain of the Yard, from iVpril, 1888, to May, 1891 ; command- 
ing U. S. steamship "Chicago," May, 1891, to November, 1892 ; command- 
ing receiving-ship " Vermont," November, 1892, to date. 

Montgomery Sicard. — Born in New York, September 30, 1836. Ap- 
pointed from New York, October 1, 1851 ; Naval Academy, 1851-5 ; attached 
to frigate " Potomac," Home Squadron, 1855-6; steam-frigate " Wabash," 
Home Squadron, 1856-9. Promoted to Maxier, November 4, 1858. Com- 
missioned as Lieutenant, 1861; steam-sloop "Dacotah," 1861 ; steam-sloop 
" Oneida," Western Gulf Squadron, 1862-3 ; bombardment and passage of 
Forts Jackson and St. Philip, and Chalmette batteries, and destruction of 
rebel flotilla and transports, April 24, 1862 ; passage of Vicksburg batteries, 
June, 1862; engagement with rebel ram "Arkansas," July, 1862. Commis- 
sioned as Lleidenant- Commander, July 16, 1862 ; steam-sloop " Ticonderoga," 
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1864—5 ; two attacks on Fort Fisher, 
in December, 1864, and January, 1865 ; naval and land assault on Fort 
Fisher, January 15, 1865 ; bombardment of Fort Anderson, February, 1865 ; 
Naval Academy, 1866-8 ; steam-sloop " Pensacola," North Atlantic Squad- 
ron, 1868-9; commanding steamer "Saginaw," Pacific Fleet, 1869-71. 
Commissioned as Commander, 1870 ; ordnance duty. New York, 1871-2 ; 
ordnance duty, Washington, 1872-6; Bureau of Ordnance, 1877 ; command- 
ing "Swatara," North Atlantic Station, 1878; special duty, Washington, 
1879 ; Navy Yard, Boston, 1880 ; Chief of Bureau of Ordnance, 1881, to March, 
1890. Promoted to 07><«u;, August, 1881. President Steel Board, March, 
1890, to October, 1891; commanding U. S. steamship " Miantonomah," 
October, 1891, to date. 

E. O. Matthews. — Born in Maryland. Appointed from Missouri, 
October 2, 1851; Naval Academy, 1851-5; frigate "Potomac," Home 
Squadron, November, 1855, to May, 1856 ; sloop "Saratoga," Home Squad- 
ron, May, 1856, to January, 1858; sloop "Macedonian," Mediterranean 
Squadron, May, 1858, to July, 1860. Promoted to Master, November 4, 
1858. Commissioned as Lieutenant, July, 1860; Naval Academy, as In- 
structor in Mathematics, October, 1860, to April, 1861 ; steam-frigate 
" Wabash," May, 1861, to November, 1861 (assisted in capture of forts at 
Hatteras Inlet) ; sick ; Naval Academy, November, 1861, to October, 1862 ; 
Instructor in Seamanship. Commissioned as Lieutenaid- Commander, July 
16, 1862 ; October, 1862, to June, 1864, Head of Department of Gunnery, 
etc. ; June, 1864, to July, 1865, South Atlantic Squadron, commanding 
" Sonoma," then constructing naval battery on Morris Island ; commanded 
naval light artillery at Honey Hill, S. C., November 30, 1864; battles 
at Tulifiniiy Cross-Roads, December, 1864 ; staff of Admiral Dahlgren, Jan- 
uary to July, 18t)5; apprentice-ship "Savannah," August, 1865; Naval 
Academy, November, 1865, to June 9, 1869, Department of Gunnery ; Head 
<»f Torpedo Corps, June 9, 1869, to July 1, 1873. Promoted to Commander, 
May 4, 1870; commanding "Ashuelot," Asiatic Station, 1873-7; Inspector 
of Ordnance, Navy Yard, New York, April, 1878-81. Promoted to Captain, 
September 14, 1881 ; commanding " Powhatan " (special service), August, 
1881, to February, 1883; commanding training-ship "New Hampshire," 
April, 1883, to July, 1884 ; member of Gun Foundry Board, May, 1883, to 



CAPTAINS. 77 

March, 1885 ; commanding " Brooklyn," Asiatic Station, October, 1885, to 
October, 1887; Captain of Yard, Navy Yard, Boston, December 1, 1887, to 
May, 18y0; commanding receiving-ship " Wabash," May, 1890, to August. 
1891 ; member Board of Inspection and Survey, August, 1891, to date. 

Charles S. Norton. — Born in New York. Appointed from New York 
to Naval Academy, October 8, 1851 ; graduated, June, 1855 ; attached to the 
frigates " Potomac " and " Wabash," Home Squadron, 1855-7. Promoted to 
Passed 3IidshijmHni, ISoS; frigate "Wabash," European Squadron, 1858- 
59. Promoted to Master, l^oS ; steam-sloop " Seminole," Brazil Squadron, 
1860-1. Promoted to Lieutenant, 1860 ; steamer " Seminole," on Charleston, 
S. C, blockade; Potomac Flotilla and Hampton Road>-', Va., 1861-2 ; several 
engagements at Potomac River and Hampton Roads ; battle of Port Royal, 
S. C. Promoted to Lieute)iant- Commander, 1862; United States steamers 
" Maratanza," " R. R. Cuyler," " Fort Jackson," " Mercedita," North Atlan- 
tic Blockading Squadron, 1862-64; steamers "Lackawanna," "Richmond," 
and "Albatross," West Gulf Blockading Squadron, 1864-5; commanded 
" Maratanza," " Mercedita," and " Albatross," for various period?^, serving 
constantly atloat during the entire war, except two months in the hospital 
from exposure on duty, and three months waiting orders ; steamer " Sham- 
rock," European Squadron," 1866-8; Portsmouth, N. H., Navy Yard, and 
receiving-ship "Vermont," New York Navy Yard, 1868-9; iron-clad duty, 
New Orleans, 1869-71. Promoted to Commander, 1870 ; Light-House In- 
spector, 1872-5 ; commanding sloop "Shawmut," and iron-clad "Passaic," 
North Atlantic Squadron, 1875-6; Torpedo Station, Newport, R. I., 1877; 
commanding receiving-ship "Passaic," Washington, D. C, 1877-8; Light- 
House Inspector, 1878-81; commanding receiving-ship "Independence," 
Mare Island, Cal., 1881-3. Promoted to Captain, 1881 ; commanding 
" Shenandoah," South Pacific, 1883-6 ; member Board of Inspection and 
Survey, 1886-9 ; Norfolk Navy Yard, 1889 to October, 1891 ; commanding 
receiving-ship "Vermont," October, 1891, to November, 1892; member 
Naval Examining and Retiring Board, November, 1892, to date. 

Robert L. Phythian. — Born in New York. Appointed from New 
York, January 28, 1852 ; Naval Academy, 1852-6 ; attached to frigate "St. 
Lawrence," Brazil Squadron, 1857-9. Promoted to Master, 1859 ; sloop 
"Jamestown," 1861. Commissioned as Lieutena)d, ISQl ; Naval Academy, 
1862-3. Commissioned as Lieidenant-Commander, July 16, 1862; iron-clad 
"Lehigh," South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1863-4 ; iron-clad "New 
Ironsides," South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1864-5 ; Naval Academy, 
1866-9. Commissioned as Commander, July 13, 1870 ; Chief-of-Staft', Pacific 
Squadron, 1870-2; Navy Yard, Boston, 1873-4; commanding Nautical 
School-ship "St. Mary's," 1875-8 ; special duty, 1879. Promoted to Captain, 
November, 1881; Navy Yard, Boston, 1882-3; commanding "Trenton," 
Asiatic Station, 1883-6; Superintendent Naval Observatory, 1886, to June, 
1890; Superintendent Naval Academy, June, 1890, to date. 

Rush R. Wallace. — Born in Tennessee, November 7, 1835. Appointed 
from Tennessee, May 25. 1852; Naval Academy, 1852-6; attached to frigate 
"St. Lawrence," Brazil Squadron, 1856-9. Promoted to Master^ 1859. Com- 
missioned as Lieidenani. 1861; steamer "Crusader," 1861; sloop "Constella- 
tion," Mediterranean Squadron, 1861-3. Commissioned as LievteiKvnt Com- 
mander, October 1, 1862; steam-sloop "Shenandoah," North Atlantic Block- 
/iding S<|uadron, 1863-5; present at the two attacks on Fort Fisher, Decem- 
ber, 1864, and Januaiy, 1865; steamer "Fort Jackson," Western Gulf 
Blockading Squadron, 1^65; Naval Academy, 1866-7; frigate "Guerriere." 



78 CAPTAINS. 

flag-ship, South Atlantic Squadron, 1868; steam-sloop "Richmond," Euro- 
pean Fleet, 1868-9. Commissioned as Covimander, October 25, 1870; com- 
manding "Idaho," store-ship Asiatic Fleet, 1870-1; commanding "Ashnelot" 
(third-raie), Asiatic Fleet, 1872; Inspector of Oidnance, Norfolk, 1873-4; 
Light-House Inspector, 1875-8; Torpedo Station, Newport, 1882; command- 
ing "Vandalia," N. A. Sation, 1883-5, Promoted to Captain, February, 
1882; Navy Yard, Washington, 1885-6; cimimaudant Navy Yard, Wash- 
ington, 1886-7; member of Examining Board, 1887, till Ajtril, 1891; leave 
of absence, April, 1891, till July, 1892; commanding receiving ship "Frank- 
lin," July, 1892, till April, 1893. Alter a leave of absence phiced in com- 
mand of U. S. S. "Miantonomah," his present duty. 

Francis M. Bunce. — Born in Connecticut. Appointed Ading-Mid-ihip- 
man, May 28, 1852 ; graduated Naval Academy and warranted Midship- 
man, June 10, 1857; "Germantown," East India Squadron, 1857-60. 
Passed Midshipman, June 25, I860; "Brooklyn," Gulf Squadron, engaged 
in Chinqui Survey. Master, October 24, LS60; "Macedonian," Gulf Squad- 
ron, January 7, 1862. Commissioned Lieutenant from April 11, 1861 ; Ex- 
ecutive-Officer of " Penobscot," 1862 ; in that vessel took part in engagement 
with rebel batteries at Yorktown, Va. ; was assigned to temporary duty with 
the army, and had charge of the disembarkation of the heavy artillery and 
mortars for use in the batteries at the investment of that place by General 
McClellan, April, 1862 ; rejoined " Penobscot," blockading ofi' Wilmington, 
N. C, and took part in several skirmishes with Fort Fisher and batteries 
about Fort Caswell ; commanded a successful boat expedition up Little 
River, between North and South Carolina, destroying several schooners and 
large quantities of cotton, turj)entine and resin, together with extensive salt 
works; on capture of 'Robert Bruce" by "Penobscot," was placed in 
charge of her as Prize-Master, and brought her to New York, November 1, 
1862 ; detached from " Penobscot " and ordered as Executive of " Pawnee," 
refitting at Philadelphia ; served in her in South Atlantic Blockading Squad- 
ron Station, Stono River. S. C. Commissioned Lieutenant Covimander, Jan- 
uary 16, 1863 ; during winter of 1863 sounded out and buoyed and removed 
obstructions from interior channels from Stono River, S. C, to Morris Island ; 
acting as aid to General Gilmore, had charge of the embaikation and trar s- 
portation of General George C Strong's brigade, five regiments, through 
these channels to Morris Island, and commanded the naval part of this 
attack, July 10, 1863. resulting in the capture of Morris Island to Fort Wag- 
ner ; conduct in this aflair honorably mentioned, report of Commander G. B. 
Balch and letter of Admiral Dahlgien, to Navy Department ; detached from 
" Pawnee " and ordered to monitor " Patapsco ;" took part in that monitor 
in all the actions in which she was engaged during siege of Charlestcm ; also 
in night boat attack on Fort Sumter, Commander T. H. Stevens ; received 
honorable nrention for conduct in that officer's repoi't of same ; wounded by 
premature explosion of a cartridge, in action, November, 1863 ; detached 
from " Patapsco " and order-ed to " Wabash " for recovery ; ordered to mon- 
itor "Kaatskill," tenrpor-ary duty, December 8, 1863; returned to " Wabash," 
January 7, 1864 ; same n onth or-dered to temporary command of " Wee- 
hawken ;" detached and returned to " Wabash," and ordered on staff of Ad- 
irrir-al Dahlgren, was given charge of the scouting and picket boats of the squad- 
ron befor-e Charleston, until ordered to command monitor ' Lehigh," April 6, 
1864; May 14, detached fr-om South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, and ^ 
ordered Nor-th ; morritor "Dictator," Commodore John Rodgers, September 
26, 1864 ; commanded monitor " Monadnock," September 5, 1865 ; took this 



CAPTAINS. 79 

vessel from Philadelphia to San Francisco, Cal , the first extended sea-voy-» 
age ever made by a monitor ; received for this service the thanks of the 
!Navy Department upon recommendation of Commodore John Kodgers, and 
was recommended for reward to the President by the Secretary of the Navy ; 
Boston Kavy Yard, 1866-9; monitor '"Dictator," April, lb69 ; detached 
October 4, 1869, having fitted her ft)r sea service ; comniandtd " Nantasket," 
November 12, 1869, stationed at St. Domingo ; detached July 20, 1870 ; 
special ordnance duty, at Pittsburg, Pa., 1871. Con)missioned Commander, 
from Nov. 7, 1871; commanded "Ashuelot," Asiatic Station, 1873 ; on duty, 
Navy Yard, Washington, June, 1875 ; detached, on Light-House duty, July 
to October, 1875 ; returned to duty, Navy Yard. Washington, 1877 ; 
attended torpedo instruction at Newport, R. I,, January 7, 1879, to July 29, 
1881; commanded '' Marion," Home and South Atlantic Squadron; com- 
manded receiving-ship "Wabash," Navy Yaid, Boston, 1882-5. Commis- 
sioned Captain, January 11, 1883 ; Senior Member of Board on Timber Pre- 
servation fur Naval Purposes; commanded '■ Atlanta." June 1, 1886, to De- 
cember 1, 1889 ; command of Naval Station, New London, February 12, 
1890. Appointed by the President as president of a commission to select a 
suitable site for a dry dock on the shores of the Gulf of Mexico, or waters 
connected therewith. November, 22, 1890 ; commission reported and dis- 
solved, March 9, 1891 ; Senior jMember of Board for Examination of Master 
JNIechanics, Foremen, etc., of Navy Yards, April 17, 1891; this board later 
ordered to report on Navy Yard organization, the emjiloymeut of labor, etc., 
disso ved February 4, 1892; June 30. 1891, ordered to command Naval 
Training Station, and ship " Richmond." 

Frederick Vallette McNair.— Born in Pennsylvania. Register of Ser- 
vice — Acting Midshipn)an, Septen)ber 21, 1853, original entry in U. S. Navy ; 
graduated Naval Academy, Midshipman, June 10, 1857 ; Passed Midshipman, 
June 25, 1860; Master, October 24. 1860; Lieutenant, April 18, 1861; 
Lieutenant-Ciimmander, April 20, 1864; Commander, January 29, 1872; 
Captain, October 80, 1883. Acting Midshipman, Naval Academy, Septem- 
ber, 21, 1853; U. S practice ship "Preble," summer of 1854, Europe and 
return; U. S. piactice ship "Plymouth," summer of 1856, coast of United 
States. Graduated from Naval Acadeniy, June 10, 1857; U.S. frigate 
"Minnesota," June, 1857, till May. 1^59, China and East India Station; U. 
S. Coast Survey schooner "Varina," summer of 1859; U S. S. "Iroquois," 
November, 1859, till October, 1860; Mediterranean Squadron, West Indies, 
in pursuit of steamer "Sumter;" Mississippi River, under Adniiral Farragut; 
engagements and passage of Forts Jackson and St. Philip, Chalmette batte- 
ries, and cajiture of New Orleans, April, 1862; landed at Baton Rouge and 
Natchez to demand surrender. May. 1862; engagen)ents, Grand Gulf, Vicks- 
burg, ram "Arkansas," and passed Vicksburg batteries both ways, June, July 
and August, 1862; U. S. S "Juniata," October, 1862, till February, 1863, 
coast of United States; U. S. S. "Seminole," February 18, till August, 1863, 
coast of United States; U. S. S. "Pensacola," August, 1863, till April, 1864, 
Mississippi River; Executive OfficerU. S. S, "Juniata," May, 1864, till June, 
1866, North Atlantic Squadron; engagements and surrender of Fort Fisher, 
December 24 and 25, 1864, and January 13, 14 and 15, 1865; Brazil Station, 

1865, till June, 1866; Executive Officer U. S. flagship "Brooklyn," June, 

1866, till September, 1867, Brazil Station; instrucior Naval Academy, Sep- 
tember, 1867, till November, 1868; Executive Officer, practice ship "Mace- 
donian," summer of 1868; Executive Officer, U. S. flagship "Franklin," 
November, 1868, till September, 1870, European Station; Equipment OflScer 



80 CAPTAINS. 

#Phihulolpliia Navy Yard, October, 1870, till July, 1871; Head of Depart- 
ment of Seamanship, etc.. Naval Academy, July, 1871, till February, 1875; 
conniianding U. S. S. " Yantic," April, 1875, till July, 1S75, Asiatic Station ; 
commanding^. S. S. " Kearsarge," July, 1875, till January, 1878, Asiatic Sta- 
tion ; commanding U. S. S. •■ Portsmouth," February, 1878, till August, 1878, 
European Station; Commandant of Cadets, Naval Academy, September, 
1878, till Se[)tember, 1882; commanding U.S. i)ractice ship "Constellation," 
summer of 1879, coast of North America; commanding U. S. practice ship 
•'Constellation," summer of 1881, coast of United States; Navy Department, 
October, 1882, till October, 1883, Court of Ini[uiry on loss of IT. S. S. "Jean- 
nette," and Board of E.xamiuers of Otiicers, etc.; Mare Island Navy Yard, 
November, 1883, till September, 188(5, Captain of the Yard; Connnanding IT. 
S. flagship "Omaha," May, 1887, till March, 1890, Asiatic Station; Super- 
intendent, Naval Observatory, since June, 1890. 

John Adams Howell. — Born in New York. Appointed from New 
Y^ork, Sepiend)er 27, 1854; Naval Academy, 1854-8; attached to sloop 
" MacccU)nian," JNIediterranean Squadron, 1858-9 ; store-ship " Supply," 1861. 
Commissioned as JJctdt'iiaiit, April 18, 18()1 ; attached to steam-sloop " Ossi- 
pee," North Atlantic Blockading Scpiadron, 1802-3; steam-sloop "Ossipee," 
Western Gulf Blockading Squadron, 1863-5; participated in the battle 
of Mobile Bay, August 5, 1864. Commissioned as Licutenaiit-(y»)nna)}(lci', 
JVIarch 3, 1865; steamer " De Soto," special service, 1866; steamer " De 
Soto," North Atlantic Sipiadron, 1866-7 ; Naval Academy, 1868-72. Com- 
missioned as Coinmander, March 6, 1872; Coast Survey, 1872-4; Naval 
Academy, 1875-9; commanding "Adams," Facitic Station, 1879-81 ; Assist- 
ant Bureau of Ordnance, 1881; Navy Yard, AVashington, 1882-4. Pro- 
moted to Captain, March. 1884; member of Advisory Board, 1884-8; com- 
manding "Atlanta ;" special service, 1888 ; Squadron of Evolution, 1889-90 ; 
President of Steel Board, July, 1891, to February, 1893 ; Commandant of Navy 
Y'ard, Washington, February, 1893, to date. 

Allen V. Reed. — Entered the Naval Academy as Acting ^fi(hhipman, 
September 26, J 854; two })ractice-ship cruises in "Preble," Commander 
Joseph H.Green, in 1855-7; graduated, June 10, 1858; joineil " Mace- 
donian," Key West, July 12, 1858; went to Mediterranean Squatlron, 
waiting orders, July 28 1860; final examination, January 5,1861. Pro- 
moted to Pasf^ed Mid,-<}tipma)i, January 9, 1861 ; joined " Pawnee," February 
12/ Promoted to M<ii<h't; February 28. 1 861 ; tra'nsferred to " Water- Witch," 
March 8, Gulf Squadron, as Navigator and Watch-C)tficer. Promoted to 
Licidt'Ha lit. AyirW 18, 1861; joined Hag-ship " Colorado," September 16, as 
Watch-Othcer ; joined "Potomac" in December, 1861. as Watch-Otficer, 
and afterwards was E.xecutive-Ofticer for one year ; joined " Lackawanna " as 
Executive Officer, August 17,1863; detached November 12, and ordered 
North; waiting orders till February 6, 1864; then joined " Tust-arora " at 
Beaufort, North Carolina, as Executive-Officer, North Atlantic Blockading 
Squadron; detached at Baltimore. June 1, and took the crew on to New 
York ; joined the " Pawtnxet" (double-ender), as Executive Officer, June 6. 
Promoted to Lieutenant-Coiinnaiidt); March 3, 1865; in command of the 
"Pawtnxet" for two months; detached July 15. 1865; waiting orders till 
September 14; then joined " Miantonomah " as Executive-Officer; detached 
April 29, 1866; waiting orders till July 11 ; then at Navy Yard, Norfolk, 
as assistant to the executive-officer till September 26 ; then joined " Kesaca " 
as Executive-Officer, and went to Pacific Station ; transferred to "Sarauac," 
February 20, 1868; officers and crew transferred to "Jamestown," January 



CAPTAfNS. 81 

25, 1869; detached July 1, and ordered home; joined receiving-ship ' Ver- 
mont." Septenjber 11, as Executive-Ofiicer ; e<]uipnient duty at Navy Yard, 
New York, from May 15, 1<S70, to September 20; navigation duty (same 
yard) from September, 1M70, to May, 1(S72. Promoted to Commander^ 
April 1, l'S72; waiting orders till July 2.') ; joined " Kansas" at Key West, 
August 9 ; in conunand till June 20, 1(S74; connected with the Nicaragua 
Surveying Expedition and the North Atlantic Station ; waiting oiders till 
November 19; then attached to Hydrographic Office, and as Assistant 
Plydrographer since September 20, 1875-80. Commanding "Alliance," 
North Atlantic Station, l<S82-84. Promoted to Captain, ,iu\y, 1884; com- 
mander training-ship "Minnesota," l<S<S4-6 ; wailing orders, 1887-8; Com- 
manding '■ Richmond," South Atlantic Station, 1888-90 ; commanding Navy 
Yard, Pensacola, December, 1890, to date. 

George Dewey. — Born in Vermont. Appointed from Vermont, Sep- 
tember 23, 1(S54; Naval Academy. 1854-8; attached to steam-fiigate 
"Wabash," Mediterranean S(iuadron, 1858-9; steam-sloop " Missi.'^sij)pi," 
West Gulf Squadron, l<S()l-;5 ; capture of New Orleans, April, 1862; Port 
Hudson, March, 1868; engagements with rebels below Donaldsonville, 
Louisiana, July, 1863. Commissioned as Lieutenant, April 19, 1.S61 ; steam- 
gunboat "Agawam," North Atlantic Jilockadiug Scpiadron, ]<'~i6l-5; two 
attacks on Fort Fisher, December, 1(S64, and January, 1865. Commissioned 
as Lieuttnant Commander, March 8, 1865 ; steamer " Kearsarge," P^uropean 
S({uadrou, 1866; frigate "Colorado," flag-ship, European Scpiadron, 1867 ; 
Naval Academy, 1868-9 ; comnuinding " Narragansett " (fourth- rate), special 
service, 1870-1; Torpedo Station, 1872. Commissioned as Commander, 
April 18, 1872; comnuinding "Narragansett" (fourth-rate), Pacific Survey, 
1872-5; Light-House Inspector, 1876-7. Secretary Light-House Board, 
1877-82; comnuinding "Juniata," Asiatic Station, 1882-3. Promottd to 
Captain, September, 1884; commanding "Dolphin." 1884; commanding 
" Pensacola," Hag-ship European Station, 1H85-8 ; Chief of Jiurenu of Ecjuip- 
ment and Recruiting, with rank of Commodore, 1889 to May, 1898 ; mem- 
ber Light-House liuard INIay, 1893, to date. 

Henry Lycurgus Howison. — Born in the Distiict of Columbia. 
Appointed Acting Midshipman from In liana, Sej)teml)er 26, 1854; Naval 
Academy, 1854-58; warranted as Midshijjman, June 11,1858; attached 
to steam-frigate "Wabash," Mediterranean Squadron, 1858-59; sloop 
"Pocahontas," Culf Squadron, 1860 ; transferred to slooj) " Pawnee," and 
returned hon)e for examination, December, 1860. Promoted to Pad Mid- 
shipman January 19, 1861 ; attached to sloop " Pawnee," Chesapeake Bay 
and Potomac River, February, 1861. Promoted to Mader February 23, 
1861; detached from "Pawnee," March, 1861, and sailed in sloop " Poca- 
hontas," for Charleston, and was present at the surrender of Fort Sumter 
by General Anderson, Ai)ril, 1861; "Pocahontas" sub.se(iuently employed 
in Chesapeake Bay and Potomac River, convoying troo|)s to Washington. 
Promoted to Lieutenant, A\)v\\ 19, 1861 ; sent on special duty for three 
weeks to outside picket post at Cloud's Mills, Va , with howitzer and crew, 
skirmishing with Stuart's cavalry; rejoined " Pocahontas " and cruised in 
Potomac River, until detached, September, 1861, and ordered as Executive 
Officer of the " Augusta," Admiral Du[)ont's S<iuadron ; took part in the 
capture of Port Royal; landed in comuuind of a company at Tyl)ee Island, 
November, 1861 ; in engagement with rams oH" Charleston, 1862; engaged 
in convoying General Banks' expedition to Ship Island, November, 1862, 
and on the return of the "Augusta" she was ordered to Aspinwall, and cou- 
6 



82 CAPTAINS. 

voyed the mail steamers as far north as Port Royal, where she again joined 
the South Atlantic Squadron ; detached from the "Augusta," June, 1863, 
and ordered as Executive OtHcer of the iron-clad " Nantucket," present at 
engagements of Forts Moultrie, Sumter and Wagner, 1863; blockading in 
Warsaw Sound, Ga. ; detached from "Nantucket," February, 1864, and 
ordered as Executive Officer of the iron-clad "Catskill ;" present at engage- 
ment of forts off Charleston ; detached from " Catskill," May, 1864, and 
ordered north; joined the "Bienville" as Executive Officer at New York, 
May 25, 1864, sailed for Gulf of Mexico to join Admiral Farragut's Squad- 
ron, having the iron-clad "Manhattan" in tow ; August 3, 1864, ordered to 
command the "Bienville;" present at the battle of Mobile Bay, and after 
the capture of the forts, carried prisoners and towed the ratn "Tennessee " to 
New Orleans; blockading off Galveston, 1864-65; relieved of the command 
of the "Bienville" by Commander Mullany, November, 1864, and resumed 
duties as Executive Officer of that vessel. Promoted to Lieutenant- Com- 
mander, March 3, 1865; detached from the " Bienville," April, 1865, and 
ordered to ordnance duty, Washington Navy Yard ; flag-ship " Peusacola," 
North Pacific Squadron, 1866-68 ; ordnance duty, Washington Navy Yard, 
1861); commanding "Constitution" and ships Naval Academy, 1870-72. 
Promoted to Commander, August 19, 1872 ; commanding sloop "Shawmut," 
North Atlantic Squadron, 1873-71 ; head of Department of Seamanship, 
Naval Academy, 1875-78; commanding practice-ship '• Mayflower," 1876 ; 
commanding practice-ship "Constellation," 1878; Inspector of Ordnance 
Navy Yard, Washington, D. C, from October 1, 1878, to September 9, 1881 ; 
member of the first Advisory Board, 1881 ; ordered to recommend classes 
and kinds of vessels necessary for the Navy; commanding gunnery, train- 
ing-ship "Minnesota," from November, 1881, to March, 1882 ; member of 
the Board of Inspection and Survey, April, 1882, to April, 1885. Promoted 
to Capfai)), U. S. Navy, March 2, 1885 ; member of Boards for Examination 
and Retirement of Officers, Navy Department, from May, 1885, to Februarj', 
1886 ; commanding U. S. S. " Vandalia," Pacific Station, from February, 
1886, to April, 1888. President Steel Inspection Board, Navy Department, 
Washington, D. C, from June, 1888, to INIarch, 1890; member of the 
Light-House Board, Treasury Department, Washington, D. C, from March, 
1890, to July, 1892. Captain of the Mare Island Navy Yard, from August 
1, 1892, to July 17, 1893. Ordered as Commandant to command the Navy 
Yard. Mare Island and Station, from July 17, 1893, and present duty. 

Albert Kautz. —Born in Georgetown, Ohio, January 29, 1839. Appointed 
Acting Midshijnnan, September 28, 1854. Graduated at United States Naval 
Academy, Annapolis, Maryland, and appointed Midshipman, June 11,1858; 
served in Home Squadron on frigates "Colorado," * Roanoke," " Savannah," 
and sloop 'Saratoga," from July, 1858, to July, 1860. Promoted to Passed 
3Iidshij)man, January 19, 1861, to Master, February 23, 1861, and to Lieu- 
tenatd, A\)Y\\. 21, 1861; ordered to United States steamer "Flag," North 
Atlaniic Blockading Squadron, in INIay, 1861 ; in June, 1861, placed ia 
command of the prize-brig " Hannah Balch," ofl" Charleston, South Carolina, 
with orders to proceed to Philadelphia ; on 25th of June, 1861, captured, in 
sight of Cape Hatte as, by the piivateer " Winslow," Captain Thomas Crog- 
t-on ; on parole ia North Carolina for two months, at the end of which time 
had parole taken away, and was incarcerated in Henrico County Jail, Rich- 
mond, Virginia, by order of Jefi^erson Davis, as a retaliatory measure conse- 
quent on the imprisonment of privateers in the Tombs, New York City ; on 
the last of October, 1861, was released on parole for the purpose of going to 



CAPTAINS. 83 

Washington to procure an exchange ; liad an interview AvitH Confederate Sec- 
retaiies Benjamin and INIallory in Richmond, and then with President, Lincoln 
and Secretaries Seward and Welles in \Vai^hing on ; succeeded in negotiating 
an exchange, by means of which the present Admiral Woiden, the late Lieu- 
tenant George L. St-lden, and he were released fiom prison and restore i to 
duty, on condition that Lieutenants Stevens, Loya'l, and Butt should be sent 
South Under a tlag of truce. There were also ooO prisoners, captured at 
Hatteras Inlet in August, 1861, sent South under the same netiotiation, for 
■which we received 350 of our people, who weie captured at Bull Run in July, 
1861. This was the first exchange authorized by President Lincoln and his 
Cabinet. Ordered to the tlag ship '• Hartford " in January, 1862, and served 
on Flag-Officer Farragut's s afi", at the same time commanding the first di- 
vision of great guns in the engagements with Forts Jackson and St. Philip, 
the Chalniette batteries, and the captuie of New Orleans in April, 1862 ; had 
command of the howitzeis, under Captain Henry Bell, at New Orleans, and 
hauled down the " Lone Star " Flag in person from the City Hall, Avhich 
Mayor Munroe refused to strike, and hoisted the " Stars and Stripes " on the 
Custom House (the hauling down 'f the "Lone Star" Flag has been erro- 
neously attributed to Captain Henry Bell by at least two writers); continued 
to serve on the " Hartford " during the engagements with the batteries at 
Vicksburg in June and July 1862 ; in August, 1862, was taken with malarial 
fever, condemned by medical survey, and sent North ; in 1863 served in the 
U. S. S. '' Juniata " Wtst India Squadron, and in 1864-5 served as Fiist Lieu- 
tenant of the sloop-of-war " Cyane " in the Pacific. Promoted to Lieufenmit- 
Co)nma)ider on May 29, 1865; served on the " Winooski," Home Squadron, 
and flag-ship " Pensacola," Pacific Squadron, from January, 1866, to Augu.'^t, 
1868 ; on receiving-ship "'New Hampshire," Norfolk, from December, 1868, 
to May, 1869 ; on duty at the Boston Navy Yard from Mav, 1869, to August, 
1871 ; Light-House Inspector, Key West, Florida, from April, 1872, to Oc- 
tober, 1873. Piomoted to Commander, September 3, 1872 ; commanding U. 
S. S. " Monocacy," Asiatic Station, December, 1873, to August, 1875 ; Light 
House Inspector, Cincinnati, Ohio, from January, 1876, to July, l!S80 ; com- 
manded the U. S. S. "Michigan," on the lakes, fiom August, 1880, to Au- 
gust, 1883; on duty in the Bureau of Equipment, Navy Department, from 
March to July, 1884 ; Equipment Officer at the Boston Navy Yaid fn ra 
July, 1884, to October, 18S7 ; tiaveling id Europe from November, 1887, to 
December, 1888. Promoted to Oipiain, June 2, 1885; on duty at the Ports- 
mouth, New Hampshire, Navy Yard. October 25, 1889, to June, 1890 ; com- 
manding "Pensacola," June, 1890, to June, 1892; Navy Yaid, Boston, June, 
1892, to datp. 

Alfred T. Mahan. — Born in New York. Appointed from New York, 
Septendjer 30,1856; Naval Academy, 1856-9 ; Brazil, 1859-61; attached 
to frigate " Congress," Home Squadron, 1861 ; steamer "Pocahontas," South 
Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1861-2. Commissioned as Lietdeuant, 
August 31, 1?61 ; Naval Academy, 1862-3 ; steam-sloop " Seminole," West- 
e-^n Gulf Squadron, 1863-4; steamer "James Adger," South Atlant'c 
Squadron, 1864-5. Commissioned as Lietdenant- Commander, June 7, 1865 ; 
steamer ' Muscoota," Gulf Squadron, 1865-6 ; steamer " Iroquois," Asiatic 
Squadron, 1867-9 ; commanding steamer "Aroostook, ' Asiatic Fleet, 1869 ; 
Navy Yard, New York, lc"S70-71 ; steamer " Worcester," 1871 ; R. S., New 
York, 1872. Commissioned as Comminder, Novetnber 20, 1872 ; command- 
ing "Wasp." (fourth-rate). South Atlantic Station, 1873-4; Navy Yard, 
Boston, 1876-7; Naval Academy, 1877-80; Navy Yard, New York, 



84 CAPTAINS. 

18^-3; commanding " Wachusett," Pacific Station, 1883-5, Promoted to 
Captain, 1885; Naval War College, 1885; President Naval War College, 
1886-9 ; President of a Commission for selecting site i'or Navy Yard ou 
Northwest Coast, 1889; special duty, Bureau of Navigation, 1889, to July, 
1892 ; Prejident War College and Torpedo School, July, 1892, to May, 1893 ; 
commanding " Chicago " May, 1893, to date. 

George C. Remey. — Born in Iowa. Appointed from Iowa, Se-ptember 
2', 1855; Naval Academy, 1855-9; attached to steam sloop "Hartford," 
East India Squadron, 1860-1. Commissioned as Lieutenant, August 31, 
1861 ; steam-gunboat " Marblehead," South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 
186 1 -4; was present at the siege of Yorktown, and on several occasions 
engaged the batteries at long range ; in consequence of the " Marblehead" 
being grounded, was compelled to witness the battle of West Point, Virginia, 
■without being able to participate ; engagement with rebels at White House, 
Pamunky River, June 29, lf'62; engaged batteries on Sullivan's Island, 
South Carolina, on two different occasions ; engaged Battery Wagner, Morris 
Island, South Carolina, at long range; took part in general engagement of 
Battery Wagner, August 17, 1863; was in command of naval battery on 
Morris Island from August 23 to September 8, 1863 ; and was engaged in 
bombardment of Fort Sumter, and at times Fort Gregg; had command of 
the second division of boats in the night attack on Fort Sumter, September 
8, 1863, and was taken prisoner by the rebels ; steam-gunboat " Marble- 
head," Naval Academy, Newport, 1865-6, Commissioned as Lieutenant- 
Commander, June 25, 1865 ; steamer " Mohongo," Pacific Squadron, 1866-7 ; 
Naval Academy, 1868-9; attached to frigate "Sabine," special service, 
1869-70; T. and N. ^urveying Expedition, 1871 ; Naval Observatory, 1872. 
Commissioned as Cbjuwa/zder, November 25, 1872; Bureau of Yards and 
Docks, 1873-6; commanding "Enterprise" (third-rate), North Atlantic 
Station, 1877-8 ; torpedo instruction. 1878 ; Bureau of Yards and Docks, 
1879-81; "Lancaster," European Station, 1881-3; Navy Yard, Washing- 
ton, 1884-6. Promoted to Captain, Ocioher, ]SSi); Navy Yard, Norfolk, 
1886-9; commanding Charleston Squadron of Evolution, 1889, to May, 
1892 ; Navy Yard, Portsmouth, May, 1892, to date. 

Norman H. Farquhar. — Born April 11, 1840. Graduated from 
Naval Academy, 1859 ; squadron, coast of Africa, for the suppression of 
slave trade, 1859-61. As Michhipman, on board " San Jacinto," " Saratoga," 
and " Constellation." Acting Master, on board " Mystic " and " Sumter ; " 
while still Midshipman, brought to the United States a captured slaver, the 
" Triton," with a crew of ten men, and no other ofiicer. Commissioned as 
Lieutenant, K\\^\x%t 31, 1861; steamer "Mystic," North Atlantic; steam- 
gunboat " Mahaska," North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1862-3 ; steamer 
"Rhode Island," West India Squadron, 1863-4; steamer "Santiago de 
Cuba," North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1864-5; present at both 
attacks on Fort Fisher. Commissioned as Lieutenant- Commander, August 
5, 1865; Naval Academy, 1866-8; steamer " Swatara," European Squadron, 
1868-9; Navy Yard, Boston, 1870; Execu tive- Officer, U. S. S. "Severn," 
1870-1 ; commanding "Kansas" (fourth-rate), T. and N. Surveying Expe- 
dition, 1871; Navy Yard, Boston, 1872; U. S. S. "Powhatan," 1872. 
Commissioned as Commander, December 12, 1872 ; Naval Academy, 1872-8 ; 
couimanding "Santee," and in charge of buildings and grounds; commanded 
" Portsmouth," 1878 ; in command of " Quinnebaug " and " Wyoming," 
European Squadron, 1878-81 ; Commandant of Cadets, Naval Academy, 
1881-6; commanded "Constellation," two practice cruises, 1883-4. Com- 



CAPTAINS. 85 

missioned as Captain, March 4, 1886 ; commanded " Trenton," Pacific 
Station, 1886-9, when the ship was wrecked in the memorable hurricane at 
Apia, Samoa, March 16, 1889 ; by good seamanship managed to save from 
drowning the 450 officers and men who composed her crew; Senior Member 
of Board of Visitors, Torpedo Station, August, 1889; member of Light- 
House Board, October, 1889 ; Chief of Bureau of Yards and Docks, Navy 
Department, to date. 

Theodore F. Kane. — Born in Washington, D. C, August 19, 1840. 
Appointed from New York, September 27, 1855; Naval Academy, 1855-9 ; 
attached to flag-ship " Constellation " and steamer " Mystic," West Coast of 
Africa, 1859-61. Commissioned as Lieutenant, Augu-t, 1861 ; executive- 
officer, " Bainbridge," Blockading Squadron, coast of Florida, 1861-2; 
" Sonoma," James River Flotilla ; engagements with rebel batteries on James 
River, 1862; Naval Academy, 1862-3; commanded U. S. schooner yacht 
"America," summer of 1863; sent in search of the pirate " Tacony " and 
others ; " Neptune," Flying Squadron, West India Squadron, 1863-5 ; 
apprentice-ship " Savannah," summer of 1865. Commissioned as Lieutenant- 
Commandei', September, 1^*65 ; Naval Academy, Instructor in Gunnery, 
1865-8; "Mohongo," North Pacific Station, 1868-9; "Juniata" European 
Fleet, 1869-71; Navy Yard, Washington, 1871-2; commanded " Frolic," 
1872. Commissioned as Commander, December, 1872 ; special duty, Aide 
to the Admiral of the Navy, 1)^73-6 ; commanded ''Alliance," European 
Station, 1876-9 ; Naval Observatory, 1879-80 ; Naval Academy, command- 
ing " Santee," 1880 ; Inspector of Ordnance, Navy Yard, New York, 
1881-4 ; commanded "Galena," North Atlantic Station, 1884-5; was Senior 
Officer at Aspinwall, March, 1885, during revolt and fire, his action receiv- 
ing Department's approval ; commanded training-ship " MinnesotM," 1886-8. 
Commissioned as Captain, May, 1886; commanded flag-ship " Lancaster," 
European Station, 1888-9 ; Navy Yard, New York, 1890, to October, 1893 ; 
president Board of Inspection of Merchant Ve sels at this date. 

James O'Kane. — Born in Indiana. Appointed to the Naval Academy 
from Indiana, October 30, 1856 ; graduated in 1860, and then ordered to the 
frigate " Niagara ;" appointed Acting Lieutenant on board that ship in 1861. 
Promoted to Master in 1861. Second Lieutenant on board the " Brooklyn," 
1861-2; present at the passage of Forts Jackson and St. Philip, Chalmette 
batteries, and at the capture of New Orleans; present at various attacks on, 
and at the passage of, Vicksburg ; wounded at the passage of the forts below 
New Orleans. Commissioned as Lieutejiant, July, 1862 ; Executive Officer 
of the "R. R Cuyler," in 18G2 ; Executive Officer of the gunboat 
"Paul Jones," and the monitor "Sangamon," on the South Atlantic 
Blockading Squadron in 1863 ; in the latter ship joined in various 
attacks on Fort Moultrie, Batteries Bee and Beauregard ; commanded marine 
battalion in an expedition in connection with the army up Broad Rive', S. C ; 
participated in battles of Honey Hill, TuUifinny Cross-Roads, and in an 
engagement on the Charleston and Savannah Railroad, afterwards served on 
the staff of Admiral Dahlgren until the close of the war ; duiing which staff 
duty commanded two tug and launch expeditions up the Santee River into 
the Congaree and Watere^ Rivers, with the object of communicating with 
the army which was expected to pass through Columbia; served on board 
the " Rhode Island," West India Squadron, 1865-66. Commissiimed as 
Lieutenant- Commander, April, 1866; Executive Officer of the " Swatara," 
Euro])ean Squadron, 1866-7; Executive Ofticer of the "Lancaster," South 
Atlantic Squadron, 1870 ; commanded the " Wasp," South Atlantic Squad- 



86 CAPTAINS. 

ron, 1870-1. On ordnance duty in Pittsburg in 1872 ; Executive Officer of 
the " Powhatan," and in command of the iron clad " Mahopac," North At- 
lantic Squadron, 1873. Commissioned as Commander, January, 1874 ; head 
of the Department of Ordnance and Gunnery at the Naval Academy, 1875- 
78 ; commanded the '' Galena," European Squadron, 1880-2 ; Light-House 
Inspector, 1883-6; Portsmouth Navy Yard, 1887-9; commanded the cruiser 
"Boston," 1889, to August, 1891; commanding receiving-ship "Wabash," 
August, 1891, to dat''. 

J. Crittenden Watson. — Born in Kentucky, August 24, 1842. Ap- 
pointed from Kentucky, September 29, 1856 ; Naval Academy, 1856-60. 
Promoted to J/rt,ster, 1861; attached to frigate "Sabine," 1861; steam-sloop 
"Hartford." VVest Gulf Squadron, 1802-4. Commissioned as Lieutenant, 
July 16, 18fi2 ; bombnrdment and passage of Forts Jackson and St. Philip, 
and Chalmette batteries, April, 1862 ; passage of Vicksburg batteries, June 
and July, 1862; passage of Port Hudson, March 14, 1863 ; passage of Grand 
Gulf, March 19 and 30, 1863 ; battle of Mobile Bay, August 5, 1864; was 
wounded by a fragment of shell from a rebel bUtery at Warrington ; steam- 
frigate " Colorado," flag-ship European Squadron, 1865-7. Commissioned 
as Lieutenant- Commander, July 25, 1866; steam-frigate "Franklin," flag- 
ship European Squadron, 1867-8 ; steam-sloop " Canandaigua," European 
Squadron, 1868-9 ; special duty, Philadelphia, 1870; "Alaska " (second-rate), 
Asiatic Squadron, 1871; commanded store-ship "Omaha," Yokohama, 1872- 
73 ; ordnance duty, New York, 1874. Commissioned as Commander, January 
23, 1874; Navy Yard, Mare Island, 1875-7; commanding "Wyoming," 
European Station, 1877-80 ; Light-House Inspector. 1880-6 ; Navy Yard, 
New York, 1883-4. Promoted to Ciptain, March, 1887; special dutv. San 
Francisco, 1888, to June, 1^90; Navy Yard. Mare Island, July, 1890, to 
July, 1892 ; commanding " San Francisco," July, 1892, to date. 

Henry B. Robeson. — Born in Connecticut. Appointed from Connect- 
icut, September 25,1856; Naval Academy, 1856-60. Promoted to J/rt6'ter, 
1860 ; attached to steam-frigate " Niagara," Blockading Squadron, 1860-1 ; 
engagement at Fort McRae, November 23, 1861 ; iron-clad steamer, " New 
Ironsides," special service, 1863; and South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 
1864 ; engagement with the defences of Charleston, S. C, April 7, 1863 ; 
commanded a landing party from the "New Ironsides" in the assault and 
capture of rebel works on the lower part of Mor is Island, July 10,1863; 
various bombardments of Forts Wagner, Sumter, Moultrie, and all the 
acti(ms in which the " New Ironsides was engaged off" Charleston ; steam- 
frigate "Colorado" North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1864-5; both 
assaults on Fort Fisher ; commanded a landing party from the " Colorado " 
in the assault upon Fort Fisher. January 15, 1865 ; steamer " Colorado " 
flag-ship European Squadron, 1865-7. Commissioned as Lieutenant- Com- 
mander, July 25, 1866; steam-sloop " Piscataqua " Asiatic Squadron, 1867- 
70; special duty, 1871-2; iron-clad "Dictator." 1873; Navy Yard, New 
York, 1874-6. Commissioned as Commander, February 12, 1874; Euro- 
pean Squadron, 1876-7; commanding "Vandalia" (third-rate), European 
Station, 1877-9 ; Naval Academy, 1879-83 ; Navy Yard, New York, 1883- 
88. Promoted to Captain, August, 1887 ; member Advisory Board, 1888-9 ; 
commanding " Chicago," Squadron of Evolution, 1889, to July, 1891 ; Super- 
visor New York Harbor, July, 1891, to July, 1892; leave of absence since 
July. 1892. 

Winfield S. Schley. — Born in Maryland, 1839. Appointed from 
Maryland, September 20, 1856 ; Naval Academy, 1856-60. Promoted to 



CAPTAINS. 87 

Master, 1861; attached to frigate "Potomac" store-ship, at Ship Island, 
1861-2 ; steam-gunboat "Winona," West Gulf Blockading Squadron, 1862- 
63 ; engaged with afield battery near Port Hudson, Louisiana, December 14, 
1862 ; in all the engagements which led to the capture of Port Hudson, 
from March 16 to July 9, 1863 ; in one or two small skirmishes in cutting 
out schooners. Commissioned as Lieutenant, July 16, 1862 ; steam-gunboat 
" Wateree," Pacific Squadron, 1864-6. Commissioned as Lieidenant- Com- 
mander, July 25, 1866 ; Naval Academy, 1867-9 ; " Benicia " (third-rate), 
Asiatic Fleet, 1871-2 ; Naval Academy, 1873-6. Commissioned as Com- 
mander, ^wuq1(), 1874; commanded the "Essex" (third-rate), S. A. Sta- 
tion, 1877-80 ; Light- House Inspector, 1880-3 ; Bureau of Equipment, 
1883 ; in charge of Greely Expedition, 1884; Chief Bureau of Equipment 
and Recruiting, 1885-9. Promoted to Captain, March, 1888 ; commanding 
" Baltimore," 1889 fo March, 1892 ; Light-House Inspector, March, 1892, 
to date. 

Silas Casey. — Born in Rhode Island, September 11, 1841. Appointed 
from New York, as Acting Midshipman, September 25, 1856; Naval Acade- 
my, 1856-60. Appointed Midshipman, June, 1860; attached steam-frigate 
"Niagara," 1860-2 Promoted Master, 1861 ; engagements with batteries at 
Pensacola, Florida, October, 1861. Commissioned as Lieutenant, July, 18&2; 
Executive-Officer, gunboat "Wissahickon," South Atlantic Blockading Squad- 
ron, 1862-3; several engagements with Fort McAllister, 1862; first attack on 
Charleston, under Admiral Dupout, Executive-Officer U. S. S. "Quaker 
City," North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1863-5; attack on Fort Fisher, 
December, 1864; Navigating Officer, U. S. S. "Winooski," Atlantic Squad- 
ron, 1865-7; Commissioned as Ljieutenant- Commander, July 25, 1866; Naval 
Academy, 1867-70; Executive-Officer frigate "Colorado," flag-ship Asiatic 
Squadron, 1870-3 ; command of battalion of sailors, from the fleet, in the 
Corean Expedition and assault on Fort McKee (Elbow Fort), Seoul River, 
June, 1872; ordnance duty. Navy Yard, Philadelphia, 1873-4. Commis- 
sioned as Commander, June, 1874; command of training-ship "Ports- 
mouth," Pacific coast, 1875-6; Inspector Twelfth Light-House District, 
1876-9; command of U. S. S. "Wyoming" and " Quinnebaug," European 
Station, 1880-2; Equipment Officer, Navy Yard, Washington, 1882-4; In- 
spector Fifth Light-House District and commanding TJ. S R. S. " Dale," 
1884-9. Promoted Captain, February, 1889; duty connected with the 
"Newark," July, 1890. to February, 1891; commanding "Newark," Febru- 
ary, 1891, to May, 1893, and then granted leave of absence. 

"W^illiam T. Sampson. — Born in New York. Appointed from New 
York, September 24, 1857; Naval Academy, 1857-60; frigate "Potomac," 
1861. Promotfd to Master, 1861. Commissioned as ljieutenant, July 16, 
1862; practice-ship "John Adams," 1862-3; Naval Academy, 1864; iron- 
clad "Patapsco," South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1864-5; was in"Pa- 
tapsco" when she was destroyed in Charleston harbor, January 15, 1865; 
steam-frigate " Colorado," flag-ship European Squadron, 1865-7. Commis- 
sioned as Lieutenant- Commander, July 25, 1866; Naval Academy, 1868-71; 
"Congre:-s" (second-rate), special service, 1872, and same ship, European 
Station, 1873. Commissioned as Commander, August 9, 1874; commanding 
"Alert" (third-rate), 1874-5; Naval Academy, 1876-8; commanding "Swa- 
tara," Asiatic Station, 1879-82; Naval Ob-ervatory, 1882-5; member of In- 
ternational Prime Meridian and Time Conference, 1884; in charge of Tor- 
pedo Staiion, 1885-6 ; member of Board on Fortifications and other Defences, 
1885-6; Superintendent Naval Academy, 1886-90; delegate from United 



88 CAPTAINS. 

States to Internatioual Maritime Conference, Washington, 1889. Promoted 
to Cdptaui, March, 1889; commanding "San Francisco." Isuvember, 1890, 
to July, 1892; Inspector of Ordnance, Navy Yard, Washington, July, 1892, 
to January, ] 893 ; Chief of Bureau of Ordnance, from January, 1893, to date. 

Bartlett J. Cromwell. — Born in Georgia. Appointed from Nebraska, 
September 21, 1857; Naval Academy, 1857-60; attached to frigate "St. 
Lawrence," 1861 ; steamer " Quaker City," South Atlantic Blockading Squad- 
ron, 1862; steam-gunboat "Conemaugh," South Atlantic Blockading Squad- 
ron, 1862-3; attack on Morris Island and Battery Gregg. Commissioned as 
Lieutenant, July 16, 1862; steamer ''Proteus,' Eiist Gulf Squadron, 1863-5; 
steamer " Shawmut," Brazil Squadron, 1865-6. Commissioned as Lieutenant- 
Comwrt/K/er, July 25, 1866; Naval Academy. 1868-9; "Plymouth" (third- 
rate), European Fleet, 1871-2; "Powhatan," special service, 1873-4. Com- 
missioned as Covimander, October 24,1874; Inspector *of Ordnance, Phila- 
delphia, 1875-7; Inspector of Ordnance, 1878; commanding "Rio Bravo," 
special service, 1877-8; commanding " Ticonderoga," 1879-81 ; Navy Yard, 
Portsmouth, 1882-5; commanding Naval Rendezvous, Philadelphia, 1885; 
Navy Yard, League Island, 1886-9. Promoted to Captain, Mai'ch, 1889; 
ordnance duty, 1889-90; commanding "Omaha," February, 1890, to Octo- 
ber, 1891, Navy Yard, Norfolk, October, 1891, to date. 

John W. Philip. — Born in New York, August 26 1840. Appointed to 
the Naval School from New York, September 20, 1856. Midshipman, 
January 1, 1861, and attached to the frigates " Constitution" and " Santee." 
Promoted to Acting Master, June 1, 1861, and ordered to the sloop-of-war 
"Marion," Gulf Blockading Squadron; attached to the " Sonoma," James 
River Fleet, 1862. Commissioned a, Liexdeaant, S\\\y 16, 1862; Executive 
of the " Chippewa," " Pawnee," and the monitor " Montauk," South Atlantic 
Blockading Squadron, during the siege of Charleston, from September, 1862, 
to January, 1865 ; wounded in the leg whilst attached to the " Pawnee," ia 
Stono River; Executive of the " Wachusett," Asiatic Squadron, January, 
1865, to September, 1867. Commissionfd Lieutenant- Commander, July 25, 
1886; executive of the flag ship "Hartford," Asiatic Squadron, September, 
1867, to August, 1868 ; Executive of the " Richmond," European Squadron, 
December, 1868, to November, 1871; Executive of the flagship "Hartford," 
Asiatic Squadron, September, 1872, to June, 1873, when detached to com- 
mand the " Monocacy ; " detached from the latter vessel, February 28, 
1874-6 ; on leave of absence from the Department in order to command one 
of the steamers of the Pacific Mail Steamship Company. Commissioned a 
Commander, December 18, 1874; leave revoked, July, 1876, and ordered to 
command the "Adams;" detached, April, 1877, and granted leave to com- 
mand the " Woodruff Scientific Expedition around the World ; " ordered to 
the command of the " Tuscarora," December, 1877, engaged in surveying the 
West Coast of Mexico and Central America ; transferred from the " Tusca- 
rora" to the " Ranger," August, 1880, and detached from the command of 
the latter vessel in October, 188 5; Light-House Inspector, 12th District, 
April, 1884, to April, 1887 ; in command of the U. S. receiving-ship " Inde- 
pendence," ?.t the Mare Island Navy Yard, May, 1887, to May, 1890. 
Commissioned as Captain, March 31, 1889; commanding "Atlanta," 
December, 1890, to December, 1891; General Inspector of " New York," 
December, 1891, and when finished, was placed in command, which is his 
present duty. 

Henry F. Picking. — Born in Pennsylvania, January, 1840 Appointed 
from same State, September 28, 1857; Naval Academy, 1857-61. Ap- 



CAPTAINS. 89 

pointed Acting Mader, June 4, 1861 ; attached to frigate "St Lawrence," 
North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1H61-2. Commissioned as Lieutenant, 
July, 1862; sinking of the privateer ''Petrel;" engagement with the rebel 
ram " Merrimac" and Sewell's Point batteries (monitor engagement), 1862; 
East Gulf Blockading Squadron, 1862; Naval A<"ademy, 1864; monitor 
"Nahant," South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1864; commanding 
"Nahant," 1865; several skirmishes with batteries on Sullivan's Island 
during 1864-5; steamer " Swatara," West India Squadron, 1865-6. Com- 
missioned as Lieuteniait- Commander, July 25, 1866; steamer " Swatara," 
European Squadron, 1866-8; League Island, Pennsylvania, 1868-9; on 
duty at Naval Academy, 1869-71; flag-ship "Colorado," Asiatic Fleet, 
1870-3 ; ordnance duty. Navy Yard, Washington, 187o ; Torpedo Station, 
Newport, R. I., 1873-4; "Roanoke" (iron clad). New York, 1874. Com- 
missioned as Commander, January 25, 1875 ; Naval Rendezvous. New York, 
1875; Light-House Inspector, 1875-8 ; conmianding " Kearsar^e," 1879-81 ; 
Light-House Inspector, 1881-2; Naval Secretary, Light-House Board, 
1882-7 ; commanding naval force, northwestern hikes (U. S. S. " Michigan)," 
1887-9. Commissioned as Crt^j^ai/;, August 4, 1889; Hydrographer, Navy 
Department, 1889. to September, 1890; Light-House Inspector, September, 
1890, to March, 1892; commanding "Charleston," March, 1892. to date. 

Frederick Rodgers. — Born in Maryland, October 3, 1842. Naval 
Academy, 1857-61; attached to frigate " Wabash," 1861. Appointed 
Acting Master, U. S. Navy, April, 1 801 . Appointed Acting Master " Santee,' 
1861-2. Prize-Master of brig " Delta," 1861. Comm\ss\ni\ed i\s Lieidenant 
July 16, 1862 ; Executive Officer of the U. S. S. "Kineo," 1862-3 ; engage- 
ments at Donaldsonville, Port Hudson, and College Point, Louisiana, Feb- 
ruary and March, 1862; steamer "Grand Gulf," North Atlantic Squadron, 
1863-4 ; steamer " Grand Gulf," West Gulf Blockading Squadron, 1864-5 ; 
U. S. steamer "Seminole," 1865. Commissioned Jjieidenant Commander, 
July 25, 1866; U. S. S. "Chattanooga," 1866; U. S. S. "Sacramento," 
October, 1866, until she was lost in the Bay of Bengal, June 6, 1867 ; 
"Michigan," on the lakes, 1868-9; U. S. S. " Pensacola," North Pacific 
Station, 1-^69 ; U. S. S. " St. Mary's," North Paciflc Station, 1870 ; U. S. S. 
"Saranac." North Pacific Station, 1871-2; ordnance duty, Washington 
Navy Yard, 1872; commanding U. S. S. "Despatch," special service, 
1873-6. Commissioned Commander, February 4, 1875; Ligh'-House In- 
spector, on the lakes, 1876-7 ; commanding "Adams," South Atlantic and 
Pacific Stations, 1877-9'; Light-House Inspector, Philadelphia, 188i-3 ; 
commanding IT. S. S. " Independence," 1883-6 ; Light-House Inspector, in 
charge of Light-House Depot, 1888 to September, 1890. Promoted to 
Captain, February 26, 1890 ; commanding " Philadelphia," September, 1890, 
to July, 1892 ; Supervisor Harbor of New York, July, 1892, to September, 
1893 ; Navy Yard, New York, at present date. 

Louis Kempff. — Appointed from Illinois, September 25, 1857 ; left the 
Naval Academy, April, 1861, and ordered to sailing sloop-of-war " Vauda- 
lia ;" sailed from New York, June, 1861, and blockaded oft' Charleston, 
August, 1861; captured the schooner "Henry Middleton," of Charleston, 
which schooner he took to New York, and rejoined the " Vandalia " in Oc- 
tober following, at Hampton Roads. Appointed Acting Master, October, 
1861 ; attached to the "Vandalia" during the battle at Port Roval, S. C, 
November 7, 1861; November 11, 1861, ordered to flag-ship "Wabash;" 
commanded a howitzer in the expedition against Port Royal Ferry, under 
General Isaac I. Stevens, U. S. Army, January 1, 1862 ; in charge of boat 



90 CAPTAINS. 

and howitzer during the expedition of the Navy, which resulted in the cap- 
ture of Feruandina, Fla., St. Mary's, Ga., Nassau Inlet and Jacksonville, 
Fla., and St. Augustine; detached from "Wabash" and ordered to the 
"Susquehanna," March, 1862 ; was present and took part in bombardment of 
Sewell's Point, Va., in May, 1862, and the re-occui)ation of Norfolk, Va., 
May 10, 1862 ; on board of this vessel as Watch and Navigation Officer, 
blockading oti' Mobile part of 1862 and 1863. Promoted to Lieutenant, Au- 
gust 1, 1862; detached from "Susquehanna," May 14,1863; ship out of 
commission; gunboat " Sonoma," June 22, 1863; detached from the '• So- 
noma," July 9, 1863; ordered to the "Connecticut," blockading otf Wil- 
mington, N. C, 1863 and 1864; Executive Officer of the 'Connecticut," until 
October 8, 1864. when she was put out of commission ; Executive Officer gun- 
boat " Suwanee," November 15, 1864 ; on duty in this vessel Pacific Squad- 
ron, 1865, to March, 1867. Promoted to Lieuteuaut- Commander, July 26, 
1866; detached from ''Suwanee," ^Nlarch 28, 1867, at INIare Island, Cal, 
and ordered east, via Panama ; ordered to the apprentice-ship '• Portsmouth," 
as Executive Officer, INIay 27, 1867; detached from the "Portsmouth," the 
vessel going out of commission, October 2, 1868, and ordered as Executive of 
" Independence," at San Francisco ; ordered temporarily as Executive of the 
" Mohican," June 15, 1869. and went to Siberia on total eclipse expedition ; 
ordered back to the '' Independence," September 22, 1869, and remained 
until October. 1870, when he was ordered to the Pacific Squadron for duty; 
Executive Officer of the'' INEohican," May 2, 1871; detached from this vessel 
when she was put out of commission at Mare Island. June, 1872 ; " Saranac," 
as Executive Officer, July 17th, 1872, to November, 1872 ; flag-ship "Cali- 
fornia," as Executive, from November, 1872 to April. 1873 ; duty at Naval 
Eende7.vous, San Francisco. August 16, 1873, to November, 1874 ; Novem- 
ber, 1874, ordered as Inspector of Thirteenth Light-House District ; detached 
by request from this duty, October, 1876. and placed on waiting orders. 
Promoted to Commander, March 9, 1876 ; Senior Aid to Commandant Navy 
Yard, INIare Island, March 21, 1877 ; this office being abolished, was ordered 
as Equipment Officer of the same yard, March 30, 1878 ; commanded Naval 
Rendezvous, San Francisco, September 10, 1880 ; commanded "Alert," 
Asiatic Station, July, 1881, to July, 1882 ; ordnance officer of the Navy 
Yard, iMare Island, also attended to duties of navigation officer of yard, 
from January, 1883, to October, 1885 ; commanded the "Adams." attached 
to the Pacific Station, from October. 1885. to May, 1888 ; Navy Yard, Mare 
Island, from June, 1888, to July 1890, while stationed here was assigned by 
the Commandant to the duties of Captain of the Yard and in charge of the 
Department of Yards and Docks ; ordered to duty as member of the Board 
of Inspection. Promoted to Captain, May 19, 1891; San Francisco, Cal., 
July 17, 1890; ordered as General Inspector of the "Monterey," June 3, 
1893, and ordered to command this vessel February 7, 1893. 

Francis J. Higginson. — Born in Massachusetts, July 19, 1843. A\)- 
Yio'mted Ading-MidfJiipman , September 21, 1857 ; Naval Academy, 1857-61; 
attached to steam-frigate "Colorado," as Midshipman, 1861-2, West Gulf 
Blockading Squadron; wounded at capture and destruction of rebel priva- 
teer "Judith," at Pensacola, Florida, 1861 ; Signal ^Midshipman and Aide to 
Captain Theodorus Bailey, on board the " Cayuga," at the bombardment 
and passage of Forts Jackson and St. Philip, Mississippi River, by the fleet 
under Admiral Farragut; participated in the action of the Chalmette bat- 
teries, and the capture of New Orleans, April, 1862. Commissioned as Lieu- 
tenant, August, 1, 1862; Executive Officer steamer "Vixen," South Atlantic 



CAPTAINS. 91 

Squadron, 1862; steam-sloop " Po\Yhatan," as Watcli Officer, 1862 ; Execu- 
tive Officer steamer " Housatouie," when she was blown up and sunk by- 
rebel torpedo-boat off Charleston, February 17, 1865; commended by Gen- 
eral Gibnore. U. S. A., for efficient service in command of picket launches 
operating at night inside jMorris Island, between Forts Gregg and Sumter; 
Kxecutive Officer monitor *' Passaic," and engaged in bombardment Fort 
Sumter, 1865 ; commanded division of boats in naval attack on Fort Sumter 
under Captain Stevens, Se])tember 8, 1863; Naval Academy, 1865; Ex- 
ecutive Officer '' Marblehead," sent in pursuit of rebel steamer •' Tallahassee," 
under Commander Carpenter. Commissioned Licutenaid-Coinmander, July 
25, 1866 ; attached to " Hartford," flag-ship Asiatic Squadron, as Watch 
Officer, 1865-68 ; Executive OfKcer receiving-ship *' New Hanqishire," Sep- 
tember, 1868 ; attached to U.S. S. " Franklin," flag ship Mediterranean 
Squadron, as Watch Officer, December, 1868 ; ordered to " Richmond " as Nav- 
igator, December, 1869 ; ordered to " Shenandoah " as Executive Officer, Au- 
gust, 1871, to July, 1873 ; attaclied to Naval Academy, September, 1873 ; 
Executive Officer U. S. S. " Franklin," November, 1873, taking part in the 
squadron evolutions at Key West, during the "Virginius " excitement ; ordered 
as Executive Officer of '' Dictator," March, 1874 ; commanding Naval Ren- 
dezvous, Boston, July, 1874 ; Executive Officer receiving-ship " Ohio," Bos- 
ton, January, 1S75 ; Torpedo Sch' ol, Newport, Rhode Island, for instruction, 
May, 1875; special duty Bureau of Ordnance, September, 1875 ; employed 
at West Point Foundry, C^old S|)ring, New York, inspecting rifle ordnance. 
Commissioned ComuHoider, June 10, 1876; ordered to Constantinople, Tur- 
key, to command the " Despatch," December, 1877; ordered to command the 
"Miantonomah," October, 1882; ordered to command the U. S. S. " Mono- 
cacy," Asiatic Station, August 23, 1883; employed in protecting American 
interests in Foo Chow during bombardment of the arsenal by French fleet 
under Admiral Courbet; commandant at Naval Training Station, Newq:)ort, 
Rhode Island, October, 31, 1887. Commissioned as Cajdain, September 27, 
1891; ordered to command U. S. S. "Atlanta," December 10, 1891 ; May 
28 1893, placed on waiting oi'ders. 

George V/. Sumner. — Born in Constantine, St. Joseph's County, 
IMichigan, December 31, 1841. Appointed from Fifth Congressional District, 
Kentucky, September 20, 1858 ; at Naval Academy, 1858-61; attached to 
steam frigate " Colorado," West Gulf Blockading Squadron, 1861; IMortar 
Flotilla, 1862 ; Executive Officer of Senior Officer's vessel, of Third Division 
of Flotilla ; bombardment of Forts Jackson and St Philip. Ajjril, 1862; 
special duty on board U. S. S. " Harriet Lane," during morning of passage 
of Forts Jackson and St. Philip; Vicksburg batteries, 1862. Commissioned 
as Lieutenant, August 1, \'6iVl; West Gulf Blockading Squadron, 1863-4; 
Executive Officer, U. S. S. " Pinola ; " Navigation Officer U. S. S. " Pensa- 
cola ; " Naval Academy, Newport, R. I. ; U. S. S. " Macedonian ; " other ser- 
vice in West Gulf Blockading Squadron, etc., 1861-4 ; steamer '' Massasoit," 
Executive Officer, North Atlantic l^lockading Squadron, 1864-5; com- 
manded U. S. S, " IMassasoit " in the latter part of January, 1865, in the 
James River, Ya., when the rebel iron-clads " Fredericksburg " and " Vir- 
ginia " came down to the obstructions at Dutch Gap, with the intention of 
going down to City Point to destroy General Grant's transi)orts and stores at 
that place ; and assisted U. S. S. " Onondaga " in her engagement with these 
vessels, defeating their plans and forcing them to retreat up the James River; 
steamer "DeSoto," Atlantic Squadron, 1866-7, as Navigation and as Exec- 
utive Officer. Commissioned as Lieutenant- Commander, July 25, 1866; 



92 CAPTAINS. 

steam-frigate " Fraiikliu," flag-ship European Squadron, 1868-71; as Watch 
Officer, and as Navigation Officer ; Hydrographic Office, 1872-6 Commis- 
sioned as Commander, June 13, 1876 ; commanding " Monocacy," Asiatic 
Station, 1877-80 ; special duty, "Washington, 1880-1; Bureau of Ordnance, 
1881-6 ; waiting orders, 1886-7; commanding " Galena," flag-ship, North 
Atlantic Station, 1888-91; Equipment Officer, Navy Yard, New York, 
1891-3 ; commanding U. S. S. '^ Baltimore," February to May, 1893, during 
" Naval Review : " General Inspector U. S. S. " Columbia," May, 1893, to 
date. 

Benjamin F. Day. — Born in Ohio. Appointed from Ohio, September 
20, 1858; Naval Academy, 1858-61 ; attached to steamer "New London," 
W. G. B. Squadron, 1862-3; Avounded in a night engagement at Madam 
"Winchester's plantation, July 9, 1863. Commissioned as Lieidenant, August 
1,1862; steam-frigate " Colorado," W. G. B. Squadron, 1863-4; steamer 
" Saugus," N. A. B Squadron, 1864-5; engagements with Howlett House 
batteries in James River ; attacks on Fort Fisher ; steam-sloop " Tuscarora," 
Pacific Squadron, 1866-8. Commissioned as Lieutennnt-Commander, July 
25, 1866; steam-sloop " Contocook," flag-ship N. A. Squadron, 1868-9; 
" Ticonderoga" (second-rate \ 1871 ; "Congress" (second-rate), special ser- 
vice, 1872; and same ship, European Station, 1872-3; R. S. "New Hamp- 
shire," 1874-5 ; commanding '• Manhattan " (iron-clad), N. A. Station, 1876. 
Commissioned as Commander, August 8, 1876; commanding naval force, Rio 
Grande, 1877-8; Navy Yard, Norfolk, 1879-81 ; torpedo instruction, 1881 ; 
Light-House Inspector, 1881-4; commanding "Mohican," Pacific Station, 
1885-8; waiting orders, 1888 ; Navy Yard, Boston, 1889 to December, 1892. 
Promoted to Captain, November 5, 1891 ; commanding U. S. S. " Boston," Feb- 
ruary, 1893, to September, 1893, and then placed on waiting orders. 

William R. Bridgman. — Born in Iowa. Appointed from Iowa, No- 
vember 29, 1859 ; Naval Academy, 1859-61 ; West Gulf Blockading Squad- 
ron. 1861-2; passage of Forts Jackson and St. Philip, Chalmette batteries, 
and captux-e of New Orleans, April, 1862. Promoted to Emlgn, September 
16, 1862; Mississippi Squadron, 1862-3; capture Arkansas Post, 1862; 
most of the naval fights about Vicksburg, ending in the capture of the city, 
July, 1863; steam-frigate " Niagara." special service, 1863-4. Commissioned 
as Lieutenant, February 22, 1864 ; steam-sloop " Lancaster," flag-ship Pacific 
Squadron, 1864—7. Commissioned as Lieutenant- Commander., Jiily 25, 1866 ; 
steam-frigate " Minnesota," special service, 1867-8 ; steam-sloop " Conto- 
cook," flag-ship North Atlantic Squadron, 1868-9 ; frigate "Sabine," special 
cruise, 1869-70; Naval Academy, 1870-1 ; "Constellation" (gunnery-ship), 
1871-3; commanding "Palos" (fourth-rate), Asiatic Station, 1873-6. Com- 
missioned as Commander, September 21, 1876; Light-House Inspector, 1877 
-80 ; torpedo instruction, 1881 ; commanding " Despatch," surveying duty, 
1881-2 ; commanding " Kearsarge," North Atlantic and European Stations, 
1882-5; Light-House Inspector, 1886-7; member of Board of Inspection 
and Survey, 1889 to June, 1892. Promoted to Capiam, January 10, 1892; 
commanding U. S. S. " Baltimore, June, 1892, to date. 

Alexander H. McCormick. — Born in the District of Columbia, 1842. 
Appointed as Acting Mid.^hipman at the Naval Academy, from Texas, Sep- 
tember, 1859; ordered into active service. April, 1861 ; served in the steamer 
" Quaker City," on the Chesapeake Bay Blockade, from June to September, 
1861 ; on the receiving-ship "North Carolina" from October to December, 
1861 ; in the steamer " Norwich," South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, from 
January, 1862, to April, 1863. Appointed a volunteer Acting Master, April, 



CAPTAINS. 93 

1862 ; at the bombardment of Fort Pulaski, 1862, and of fort in AVinjaw 
Bay, S. C, 1862. Promoted to Ensign, December, 18(i2 ; at second occupa- 
tion of Jacksonville, Florida, 1863; in the " Housatonic," off Charleston, 
from April to July, 1863 ; in the " Wabash," from July to September, 1863. 
Promoted to Lieutenant, Fehrmiry, lii6A; in the steam sloop-of-war "Iro- 
quois," on special service, from March, 1864, to October, 1865 ; in the " Chat- 
tanooga" from February to August, 1866. Promoted to Lieutenant- Com- 
mander, July, 1866; on duty in the Department of Mathematics, Naval 
Academy, from September, 1866, to June, 1869 ; in the " Macedonian," from 
June to September, 1867 ; in the flag-ship "Lancaster," on the East Coast of 
South America, from August, 1869, to July, 1872; in the " Portsmouth " 
from July to September, 1872 ; in the Department of Astronomy and 
Navigation at the Naval Academy, from September, 1872, to July, 1875 ; 
in the steamer "Fortune," from July to September, 1873; in the " Pensa- 
cola," flag-ship of the Pacific Station, from July, 1875, to November, 
1876. Promoted to Commander, September, 1876 ; on duty in the Bureau of 
Ordnance, from February, 1877, to November, 1881 ; in command of the 
" E^sex," in a cruise around the world, from November, 1881, to January, 
1885 ; as Inspector of Ordnance, at the Navy Yard, Washington, from March, 
1885, to October, 1888 ; in the Bureau of Ordnance, from October, 1888, to 
November, 1889 ; as Inspector of Ordnance, at the Navy Yard, Brooklyn, 
December, 1889, to June, 1892. Promoted to Captain, April 3, 1892 ; com- 
manding " Lancaster," June, 1892, to date. 

Albert S. Barker. — Born in ^Massachusetts. Appointed from that 
State, October 25, 1859 ; at Naval Academy, 1859-61 ; in steam-frigate 
"Mississippi," West Gulf Blockading Squadron, 1861-3 ; bombardment and 
passage of Fi rts Jackson and St. Philip, Chalmette batteries, and capture of 
New Orleans, 1862; in attack on and attempted passage of Port Hudson, 
March 14, 1863, where the " Mississippi " was destroyed, after which he jointd 
the steam-sloop " INIonongahela," and took part in the siege of Port Hud- 
son, in the fight below Donaldsonville and guerrilla fighting generally, until 
the river was clear. Promoted to Ensign, February 22, 1862 ; detached 
from '• Monongahela," August 9, 1863, and ordered home in the " Brook- 
lyn ; " detached August 26, 1863; steam-frigate "Niagara," special service, 
September 29, 1863, to February 22, 1864. Commissioned as Lieutena)it, 
February 22, 1864; flag-ship "Lancaster," Pacific Station, May 1, 1864, as 
Flag- Lieutenant ; transferred to flag-ship "Powhatan," July, 1866, while 
" Lancaster" was being repaired ; witnessed the bombardmen: of the batter- 
ies at Callao by the Spanish fleet under Admiral Nuilez. Commissioned as 
Lieutenant- Commander, July 25, 1866; returned home in "Lancaster;" de- 
tached, March 18, 1867 ; flag-ship " Guerriere " and " Quinnebaug," South 
Atlantic Station, May 21, 1867, to July, 1869 ; monitor "Terror," November 
25, 1869, to November 26, 1870; "Wachusett," European Station, June 1, 
1871, to June 25, 1873; Torpedo Station, September 1, 1873, to July 13, 
1874; while there fired shells filled with dynamite from 24-pound howitzers, 
using the ordinary powder cartridge, being the first one to fire dynamite in 
shells on this continent, as far as known ; temporary duty as Executive of 
" Intrepid," July 13, 1874, to September 15, 1874 ; Naval Academy, Septem- 
ber 15, 1874, to February 20, 1876, when he was ordered to command the 
" Palos," Asiatic Station ; remained on her one year, when received orders 
to return home for examination for promotion, but was detained at Yoko- 
hama, Japan, to take command of the U. S. S. "Alert," and while in that 
vessel cruised among the islands in the vicinity of New Guinea and Dampier 



94 CAPTAINS. 

Straits, in search of a supposed shipwrecked crew ; skirted and examined 
many ishands. found the object of search, and returned to China via Amboyna, 
Ternate, and the Philippine Ishinds ; reached home, October, 1877. Com- 
missioned as Commandt'T, INIarch 28, 1877; Torpedo Station, summer of 
1878; Light-House Inspector, Eighth District, November, 1878, to January 

I, 1881 ; commanding monitor " Montauk," July 24, 1882, to December 3, 
1882, -when was ordered to command the " Enterprise." AVhile on this vessel 
ran a line of deep sea soundings around the woild, the casts being taken at 
intervals of about 100 miles. The line between New Zealand and Magellan 
Straits was made on a latitude 47° to 52° south. On the way out, visited 
South Africa, INIadagascar, Zanzibar, Comoro, and Seychille Islands ; reached 
the Straits of Sunda six days after the great eruption of Krakatoa, when the 
accompanying titlal-wave swept into the sea the large town of Aujer and all 
other settlements in the vicinity ; rendered such assistance to the Dutch 
authorities as was possible ; was present at Pagoda Anchorage, JNIire River, 
China, when the French fleet under Vice- Admiral Courbet sunk the Chinese 
men-of-war, destroyed the arsenal, and demolished the forts on each side of 
the river, 188") ; returned home by way of Australia and New Zealand ; de- 
tached from " Enterprise," April 1, 1880; Light-House Inspector, Second 
District, October 1, 1886, to November 15, 1889; Bureau of Navigation, 
December, 1889, to December, 1891 ; special duty. Navy Yard, AVashing- 
ton, December, 1891, to July, 1892. Promoted to Coptom, May 6, 1892 ; 
commanding '' Philadelphia," July, 1892, to date. 

Charles Stanhope Cotton. — Born February 15, 1843, at Milwaukee, 
Wis. Appointed Acti)uj Afichhipmai), at Naval Academy, Annapolis, Md., 
from First District of Wisconsin, September 23, 1858; May 10, 1861, de- 
tached from the Naval Academy, and detailed for active duty ; June 7 to 
August 15, 18H1, served on board frigate " St Lawrence; " on July 28 she 
captured the Confederate privateer " Petrel ;" August 15 to November 19, 
duty in Philadelphia in connection with the trial of prisoners captured on 
board the "Petrel;" November 19, 18(31, to February 24, 18(i3, served on 
board frigate " Minnesota," flag-ship, N. A. B, Blockading Squadron ; par- 
ticipated in action between " ]\Ierrimac " and " INIonitor " and the fleet in 
Hampton Roads, on JVIarch 8 and 9, 1862. Promoted to Eiisig)i, November 

II, 1862 ; February 24 to July 13, 1863, attached to steam-sloop " Iroquois," 
off" Wilmington, N. C. ; March 8, 1864, to August 10, 1865, attached to steam- 
sloop " Oneida," W. G. B. Squadron, except a few weeks of service on board 
the " Hartford " and the " Kineo." Promoted to Lieutenant, February 22, 
1864; August 5 to 23, 1864, served on board " Oneida " during battle of 
Mobile Bay and subsequent 0()erations to surrender of Fort JNIorgan ; Novem- 
ber 13, 1865, to May 3, 1869, attached to steam-sloop "Shenandoah," in 
the East Indies and China. Promoted to Lieuienant- Commander, July 25, 
1866 ; from September 30, 1869, to July 29, 1870, duty at Naval Academy ; 
October 1 to December 23, 1870, duty at Navy Yard, Kittery ; January 5 
to April 24, 1871, attached to frigate " Tennessee," San Domingo Expedition ; 
April 24, 1871, to February 16, 1874, attached to steam-sloop "Ticonderoga" 
as Executive on the Brazil Station ; IMay 1, 1874, to June 1, 1876, duty at 
Navy Yard, Kittery ; June 1 to September 9, 1876, Torpedo Instruction at 
Newport; September 15, to October 4, 1876, Executive of receiving-ship 
" Worcester," Norfolk ; October, 1876, to July, 1880, on duty at New York 
Navy Yard. Promoted to Commander, April 25, 1877 ; commanding U. S. 
S. " Monocacy," Asiatic Station, September, 1880, to September, 1883, except 
a period of six weeks, during which commanded the U. S. S. "Alert " on that 



CAPTAINS. 95 

station, June-July, 1881 ; Inspector of Ordnance, Kavy Yard, Norfolk, Ya., 
from January, 1884, to October, 1887 ; Inspector Fifteentli Light-House 
District, from October, 1887, to December, 1890 ; commanding " Mohican," 
April, 1891, to JNIay, 1892. Promoted to Captain, May 28, 1892 ; command- 
ing receiving-ship " Independence," INIay, 1892, to date. 

John R. Bartlett. — Born in New York. Appointed from Rhode Island, 
November 25, 1859 ; Naval Academy, 1859-61 ; attached to steam-sloop 
"Mississippi," West Gulf Blockading Squadron, 1861-2 ; bombardment and 
passage of Forts Jackson and St. Philip, Chalmette batteries and capture of 
New Orleans; attack on Vicksburg, June, 1862; steam-sloop " Brooklyn," 
West Gulf Blockading Squadron, 1862-3. Promoted to Ensign, September 
8, 1863 ; South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1863-4. Commissioned as 
Lieutenant, February 22, 1864 ; steam-sloop " Susquehanna," North Atlantic 
Blockading Squadron, 1864-5 ; bombardment of Fort Fisher, December, 
1864 ; on shore with assaulting party at capture of Fort Fisher, January, 
1865 ; steam-sloop " Susquehanna," special seivice, 1866. Commissioned as 
Lieutenant-Commander, July 25, 1866; steamer " Nipsic," Atlantic Squad- 
ron, 1866-7; Naval Academy, 1867-9; frigate " Sabhie," special cruise, 
1869 ; T. and N. Surveying Expedition, 1870-1 ; special duty, 1871-2; ord- 
nance duty. Navy Yard, Boston, 1872-4; Hydrographic Office, 1877. Com- 
missioned as Commander, 1877 ; Bureau of Equipment, 1877-9 ; commanding 
Coast Survey steamer "Blake," 1879-82 ; in charge of Hydrographic Ofiice, 
1882-8 ; leave of absence, 1889 to December, 1890 ; commanding " Marion," 
April, 1891, to December, 1892. Caj)tain, July 1, 1892; special duty, De- 
cember, 1892, to May, 1893, and then ordered to command "Atlantic." 

Silas Wright Terry. — Born in Kentucky, December 28, 1842. Ap- 
pointed Acting Afidshipman, Naval Academy, September 28, 1858. Appointed 
±.nsign, September 16, 1862. Commissioned Lieutenant, February 22, 1864. 
Commissioned Lieutenant- Commander, July 25, 1866. Commissioned Covi- 
mander, July 11, 1877. Upon the outbreak of the Rebellion in 1 861, before 
completing academic conrse, was ordered to New York Navy Yard for active 
service, and, from June, 1861, to September, 1862, attached to the sloop 
" Dale," blockading on the Atlantic coast ; engagement with rebel sharj)- 
shooters on a boat expedition up South Edisto River, April, 1862 ; attached 
to flag-ship " AVabash," September and October; "Alabama" in November; 
December, 1862, aide on staff of Rear- Admiral Lee; from March to July, 
1863, steam-sloop " Dacotah," blockading mouth of Cape Fear River; flag- 
ship " Black Hawk," Mississippi Squadron, from September, 1863, to October, 
1864 ; took part in Red River Expedition, and at Alexandria, La. ; was placed 
in command of transport "Benefit," with a detachment of fifty men and two 
brass howitzers, to carry despatches and supplies to Admiral Porter. In a 
letter to the Secretary of the Navy, dated May 4, 1864, Admiral Porter says : 
"I endeavor to do justice to all officers under my command, but have failed 
to mentiun the gallant conduct of Ensign S. W. Terry on the exj)edition up 
Red River. He was placed on board of the transport ' Benefit ' to take de- 
spatches to me at Springfield Landing. I had a field-piece and a twenty-f^ur 
])ounder howitzer placed on this vessel, and a part of the crew of the flag- 
ship to go to her. About fifty miles above Grand Ecore Mr. Terry discov- 
ered a battery of four guns facing down the river, on which he opened fire 
with his howitzers and steamed on. The battery opened a quick fire on him, 
striking the little vessel almost every time. The river captain of the ' Bene- 
fit ' was killed, together with three other men, but the little transport fought 
her way through and brought me the despatches, which were important. 



96 CAPTAINS. 

Such cool and brave conduct gives j^voniisc of a good officer. I commend 
him to the notice of the Department." The President, " with the advice and 
consent of the Senate," advanced Lieutenant Terry tive nundiers in his grade 
"for galhuit conduct on the expedition uj) Ketl Kivcr." In May, 18G4, was 
appointed Detail Officer on the stati' of Admiral Torter, and served in this 
capacity until the Admiral was relieved at the close of the war, jNIay 5, I8G0. 
AVas present during the operations of the naval force under Admiral Porter 
against Forts Fislier and Anderson, and at the capture of Wilmington in 
February, 18(,)5; afterwards in the culminating events in James Kiver, and 
pj-esent at the fall of Ivichmond ; accompanii'd President Lincoln and Ad- 
miral Porter when they entered l\ic'hmond the morning it was occupied by 
the army of General (irant ; i'rom August, 181)5, to November, 18()S, served 
on steam-sloop " Ticonderoga," European Station; Naval Acailemy, 18tUI to 
1871 ; Executive Officer of the Hag-ships "Severn " and " Worcester," from 
March, 1871, to June, 187o; 187o to 1874, Naval Observatory; 1874 to 
1877, Naval Academy ; 1877 to 1880, Inspector Fifth Light-House District ; 
May, 1^81, to J)ecember, 1882, commanding " jMarion," South Atlantic Sta- 
tion ; while at jMontevideo in Novend)er, 1881, was ordered by cable to " pnv 
ceed to Heard Island, lat. Oo° 20' S., long. 7o° oO' E., to rescue crew of bark 
'Trinity,' supjuised to be there." Left Montevideo November 14, 1881, 
stojiping for coal and supplies at Cape Town ; reached Heard Island January 
15, and rescued thirty-tlu\e of the ''Trinity's" crew, who had been wrecked 
October, 1880, and just in time to save them from starvation, as the little 
food saved from the wreck had been exhausted several months before and 
they were existing upon such sea-lbwls and their eggs as could be obtained on 
this desolate island. From Oape Town Oominander Terry wrote the De[iart- 
ment, December 20, that he wouhl sail for Heard Ishind on the 24th, and 
hoped to be back by the 20th of February. His hopes were realized, for ou 
the 20th of February, l<'>82, the "Marion" anchored oil" Oape Town, and 
Oommander Terry's cable ilespatch announcing the rescue of the " Trinity's" 
crew was received by the Secretary of the Navy tin? same afternoon. The 
day after reaching Oape Town, Commander Terry Avas reijuested by Lloyd's 
agents to render assistance to the English ship " Poonah," stranded on the 
beach about ten miles northeast of the port. The re(|uest was complied with, 
though it was known the commander of the English Squadron, then lying oti' 
Simonstown, had declined to render any assistance. Fortunately, the etibrts 
of the " Clarion " were successful in hauling the " Poonah " oti", and she was 
soon able to continue her voyage to India. For this service Commander 
Terry received the tlianks of the Colonial Government, embodied in a resolu- 
tion of the ministry, accompanied by a flattering letter from the Governor 
and High Commissittner, Sir Hercules Kobinson ; also the thanks of Her 
jNIajesty's Ciovernmeiit. tiansmitted through the British Minister at Washing- 
ton, to the Department of State ami tlie Navy Department. From April, 
1883, to October, 1884. League Island Navy'Yanl; October 14. 1880, to 
May 2(), 188(5, commanding the training-s(|uadron, couiprising " Portsmouth," 
" Jamestown." and "Saratoga;" October, 1887, appointetl nuMuber of the 
Naval Examining and Ketiring Board to ^lay, 1898. Promoted Captain, 
January i>. IMIo ; commanding C. S. S. "Newark," ]May. 18i>;>, to date. 

Merrill Miller. — Porn in Ohio. Appointed from Ohio, November 28, 
1859; Naval Academy, 1859-01 ; attached to frigate "Potomac," Atlantic 
coast, 1801-1)2. Promoted to Eiiisign, October K>. 18()2; ^lississippi Squad- 
ron, 18U2-t)o ; battle of Arkansas Post, 18(>o; Haines' BUiti', 18153; in charge 
of mortar-boats, at siege of Vicksburg, f'or twenty-three days, in 18(.53. Com- 



CAPTAINS. 97 

missioned as Lieufena)it, February 22. 1804; North Atlantic Blockading 
S(juadron, l<S()4-()r); cxpeditit)n up James Iviver, 1(S()4; both attacks on Fort 
Fisher; attached to iron-chid '• JMonadnock" on her passage from New York 
to San Francisco, 1<S()(). C^ommissioned as Lietitcnant-iJommmuier, ,luly 25, 
18(K); Naval Academy, 18()7-(U) ; steam-sloop " Lancaster," flag-ship. South 
Atlantic Squadron, ]<S(i!)-72 ; " Worcester " ihig-ship N. A. Station, ]<s72-74 ; 
Naval Academy, l<S7r)-79. Ccmmissioned as (oinvutiider, ](S7<S; command- 
ing I). S. S. '■ Yantic," North Atlantic Station, IScSO ; Light-llousc Inspector, 
188]-<S4; commanding ''Marion," Asiatic Station, 1885-88; Navy Yard, 
Portsmouth, 1888-8!) ; Naval Home, l'iuhidcl[)hia, 188!) to September, 1892; 
Light-Mouse Inspector, September, 18!)2, to January, 1893. Promoted Cap- 
tain, February 25, 1893; commanding U. S. receiving-ship "Franklin," 
January, 185)3, to date. 

John J. Read. — Born in New Jersf^y, Appointed from New Jersey, 
Septend)er 21, 1858; Naval Academy, 1858-()1 ; Atlantic Sipiadron, 18()1 ; 
steam-sl()o[) "Hartford," flag-shij), West GuW Blockading Scpiadron. 18(>2; 
in all of l^'arragut's battles, from the Southwest Pass of the Mississippi River 
to Vicksburg, 18()2-3. Promoted to Eit.n<jn, Novendier 22, ]8()2; South 
Atlantic Bk)ckaduig Sspiadron, l8(i3-4. (Commissioned as Lieuiounif, Feb- 
ruary 22, 18()4; steamer " R. K. Cuyler," North Athmtic Blockading S(juad- 
ron, 18()4-5 ; steamer " De Soto," Atlantic Stjuadron, lS()5-(). Commissioned 
as Lieutenant- Covunatiier, July 25, 18()() ; steamer " Rhode Island," Atlantic 
Squadron, 18()7; steam-sloop "' Sus(piehauna," Hag-ship, North Atlantic 
Squadron, l«()7-8 ; steamer '' IVIichigan," on the lakes, 1869; "Guerriere" 
(second-rate), European Station, 1870-2 ; " Richmond (second-rate). North 
Pacific Station, 1873-(i; commanding "Richmond," flag-ship, South Pacific 
Station, 1870-7; Bureau Yards and Docks, 1877-9. Promoted to Com- 
mander, December, 1877; Light-House Inspector, 1879-83; commanding 
" Michigan," 1883-0 ; Light-House Inspector, 1880 to December, 1890 ; com- 
manding " Iroquois," March, 1891, to July, 18!)2; Light-House Inspector, 
July, 1892, to May, 1 8!)3. Pronioted Capialu, April 27, 1893. 

Mortimer L. Johnson. — Born in Vermont. Appointed from same 
State, Septend)er 30, 185!); Naval Academy, 1859-01; attached to steam- 
sloop "Mississippi," 1801 ; steam-sloop "Tnscarora," special service, 18()2-3. 
Promoted to Eimgn,, September 24, 1803 ; South Atlantic Blockading 
Squadron, 1804-5. Commissioned as Llexdenant, February 22, 1804 ; steamer 
"Nipsic," Atlantic S(]uadron, 1805-0. Commissioned as Lieidenant- Com- 
mander, July 25, 1800; Naval Academy, 1800-9 ; steam-sloop "Juniata," 
Euroj)ean S'piadron, 1809; Navy Yard, Portsmouth, New Hampshire, 
1870-1; receiving-ship "Sabine," 1873-4; receiving-ship "Ohio," 1875; 
receiving-ship "AV^abash," 1875-9. Projuoted to Commander, May, 1878 ; 
commanding " Ashuelot," Asiatic Station, 1879-80; si)ecial duty, 1882; 
Navy Yard, Boston, 1884; commanding " Monocacy," Asiatic Statical, 1889, 
to Deccnd)er, 18!)1 ; waiting orders, October, 1892, to May, 18!)3 ; Eijuipment 
Officer, Navy Yard, Ports'^^nouth, May, 18!)3, to October, 1893 ; at present 
waiting ordcu-s. (commissioned Ci/jdain, 18!)3._ 

Edwin M. Shepard.— Born in New York. Api)ointed from New York, 
November 24, 1859; Naval Academy, 1859-01 ; attached to sloop " Viu- 
cennes," West Gulf lilockading SipiadVon, 1801-2; passes of the Mississippi 
River. Promoted to EnM<in, November 22, 1802 ; steam-sloop " Mississi|)pi," 
AVest Gulf Blockading S(piadron, l8()2-3 ; remained on board the " Missis- 
sij)])i " until her destruction ; ordered thence to gunboat "Essex;" remained 
on board during the siege of Port Hudson, and served with naval battery of 

7 



93 CAPTAIXS. 

nineteen guns on shore with the army for several weeks ; received a coin- 
luen'latovv letter from General Arnold, General Banks' Chief of Artdlerv; 
attached to monitor " Mahopac " during the siege of Charleston, South Caro- 
lina, and in James Eiver ; steam-sloop " Wacluisett," special service, 18(34-5 ; 
capture of rebel privateer " Florida," October 7, 18(34. Commissioned as 
Lieutetiaiit, February 22, 1864; steamer " Vamlerbilt," June, 18(>5; during 
the trial-trip of the "Dictator;" steamer " Tacony," Atlantic Squadron, 
1865-6. Commissioned as LieHteinvd-CommaiHler, July 25, 1866; steamer 
"Osceola," Atlantic Squadron, 1867; apprentice-ship "Saratoga," 1868-9; 
" California " (^second-rate), 1871 ; torpedo service, 1872 ; " Hartford " (second- 
rate), tiag-shii), Asiatic Squadron, 1872-5 ; during Asiatic cruise, from 1872 
to 1875, twice ordered to commands, first the "Palos" for a short time, and 
the "Yautic" for several months in 1875; ordnance duty, Washington, 
1875-6; Navy Yard, Portsmouth, New Hampshire, 1876-8. Promote^! to 
Commander, June, 1878; Naval Academy, 1878-81 ; commanding "Consti- 
tution," 1879-81 ; commanding " Enterprise," North Atlantic station, 1882 ; 
commanding nautical school-ship "St. Mary's," 1882-6; Naval Asylum, 
Philadelphia, 1886-9 ; 3Iay, 1889, commanded the U. S. S. " Kearsarge " for 
four months; commanded "Mohican," Pacitic Squadron, February, 1890, to 
August, 1891 ; Light-House Inspector, August, 1891, to May, 1893 ; Equip- 
ment Officer, Navy Yard, New York, JNIay, 1893, to August, 1893 ; com- 
manding U. S. S. "Minnesota," August, 1893, to date. Commissioned Cap- 
tain, 1893. 

Robley D. Evans. — Born in Virginia. Appointed from Utah, Sep- 
tember 20, 1860 ; Naval Academy, 1860-3. Promoted to En'<if/u, October 
1, 1863; attached to steam-sloop "Powhatan," West India Squadron, 1864; 
North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1864-5; both attacks on Fort Fisher, 
January 15, 1865 ; in the land attack on Fort Fisher received two severe 
wounds from ritle-shots ; Navy Yard, Philadelphia, 1866. Commissioned as 
Lieutenant, July 25, 1866 ; ordnance duty, at Navy Yard, Washington, 1867 ; 
steam-sloop " Piscataqua," flag-ship, Asiatic Squadron, 18l)7-9. Commis- 
sioned as Lieutenant-Comma)idei', March 12, 1868 ; Navy Yard, Washington, 
1870-1 ; Naval Academy, 1871-2; "Shenandoah" (second-rate), European 
Fleet, 1873; "Congress" (second-rate), European Fleet, 1873-6; comuumd- 
ing training-ship " Saratoga," 1877-8. Promoted to Commander, July, 1878; 
Navy Yard, Washington, 1881-2; Light-House Inspector, 1882-(3; Chief 
Inspector of Steel, new cruisers, 1886-7 ; Secretary Light-House Board, 
1887-89; leave of absence, October, 1889, to July, 1891; commanding U. 
S. S. " Yorktown," July, 1891, to November, 1892; Secretary Light-House 
Boanl. Novondior. 1892, to date. Commissioned Captain, 1893. 

George W. Coffin. — Born in Massachusetts. Appointed from Massa- 
chusetts, September 20, 1860 ; Naval Academy, 1860-3 Promoted to 
Ln-^ign, October 1, 1863; steam-sloop " Ticonderoga," North Atlantic Block- 
ading Squadron, 1864-5; both attacks on Fort Fisher; Avounded by a oNIinie- 
ball in right leg at land assault on Fort Fisher; steamer "Shawmut," Brazil 
Squadron, 1866. Commissicaied as Lieidenant, July 25, 1866; steam-frigate 
"Franklin," European Squadron, 1867-8. Commissioned as Lieidenant- 
Commander, INIarch 12, 1868 : Naval Academy, 1868-9 ; Chief-of-Statl', S. S. 
of North Atlantic Fleet. 1870-1 ; "Constellation" (gunnery-ship). 1871-2; 
Naval Academy, 1873-4; "Plymouth." North Atlantic' Station, 1875; 
" Hartfoi'd," flag-ship. North Atlantic Station, 1875-6; Coast Survey (com- 
manding " Hassler "). 187t>-8. Promoted to Ct»»»('if«(/tT, November, 1878 ; 
Light-House Inspector, 1881-4 ; ordnance duty, Navy Yard, New York, 



CAPTAINS. 99 

l(S84-6 ; commanding steamer "Alert," Greely Relief Expedition, 1884; 
comnumding steamer " Qviinnebaiig," Mediterranean Sqnadron, 188G-7 ; 
Light-House Inspector, 1888-9 ; iSecretary Light-House Board, 1889, to 
November, 1892 ; leave of absence, November, 1892, to date. Promoted 
Captain, 1893. 



CAPTAINS ON THE RETIRED LIST. 

lietircd 0)1 their own appiication, after fori y years' service. 

Milton Haxtun. — Born in New York. Appointed from New York, 
October 19, 1841; attached to brig "Dol])hin," Home Squadron, 1841-o ; 
frigate "Congress," Brazil Squadron, 1843-5; brig " Bainln-idge," Brazil 
Squadron, 184G ; Home Squadron, 184(5-7 ; attack on Alvarado, 184(5 ; Naval 
School, 1847-8. Promoted to Passed Midshipman, Aw^ust 10,1847; mail- 
steamer "Ohio," 1850; mail-steamer "Baltic," 1851 ; sloop "Plymouth," East 
India Squadron, 1852-4. Attack on and capture and destruction of Impe- 
rial Chinese fortified camp (defended by several thousand troops), by a jiarty 
of about three hundred American and British "blue-jackets" and marines, 
at Shanghai, Ajiril, 1854. Commissioned as Lieutenant, September 15, 1855 ; 
sloop "John Adams," Pacific Squath-on, 1856-8; receiving-ship. New York, 
1858 ; steamer " JMystic," coast of Africa, 18(30-1 ; North Atlantic Blockading 
S(piadron, 18G2; attack and capture of Fort Macon, April 2(5, l(S(i2. Com- 
missioned as Lieutenant- Commander, July 1(5, 18(52; conuuanding steam- 
gunboat " Kineo," Western Gulf Blockading Squadron, 18(38; commanding 
steamer "Maratanza," North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 18(34; com- 
manding steamer " Mercedita," North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 18(54-5 ; 
Naval Rendezvous, New York, 186(3 ; receiving-ship. New York, 18(3(3. Com- 
missioned as Commander, December 29, 18(3(3 ; Naval Rendezvous, New 
York, 18(38; commanding the store-ship "Onward," Pacific Fleet, 1869-71 ; 
Navy Yard, New York, 1871-5; commanding "Vandalia" (third-rate), N. 
A. Station, 1876; commanding "Despatch" (fourth-rate), special service, 
Europe, 1877-8; Navy Yard, Boston, 1878-81. Promoted to Captain, Feb- 
ruary, 1878. Retired, February, 1883, on his own aj)plication, after more 
than forty years' service, under Kevised Statutes. 

S. Livingston Breese. — Born in Illinois. Appointed from Illinois, 
IMay 14, 184(5; attached to sloop " Germantown," Home Squadron, 184(5-8; 
participated in the capture of Tuspan and Tobasco ; sloop " St. Mary's," East 
India Squadron, 1849-50; brig " Bainbridge," Brazil Scpuidron, 1851 ; Naval 
Academy, 1852. Promoted to Passed Midshij)man, June 8, 1852; brig 
"Dolphin," special service, 1853; sloop "Cyane," Home Squadron, 1853-4; 
while on the "Cyane," assisted in the destruction of Graytown ; Coast Survey, 
1855-7. Commissioned as Lieutenant, September 16, 1855 ; steam-frigate 
"Merrimac," Pacific Squadron, 1858-60; steam-sloop "Richmond," Medi- 
terranean vSquadron, i860 ; steamer "Crusader," 1861; commanded yacht 
" Wanderer," as desi)atch-vessel, in the Gulf, 1861 ; steamer "Quaker City," 
South Atlantic Bh)ckading Squadron, 1862-3 ; engaged with rebel iron-clads 
off Charleston, in January, 1863. Commissioned as Ljieutenant-Commandar, 
July 1(3, 1862; commanding steam-gunboat " Ottawa," South Atlantic Block- 
ading SquadroUj 1863-4; Inspector, etc.. Navy Yard, Pensacola, Florida, 
1867-8. Commissioned as Commander, April 14, 1867; commanded the 
steam-gunboat "Galena," 1869; Naval Observatory, 1870-1 ; ccminmnding 
R. S. " N'andalia," 1871-2 ; commanding R. S. " Potomac," 1872-3 ; equip- 



100 CAPTAINS. 

ment duty, Norfolk, 1874 ; commanding " Ossipee " (tliird-rate), N. A. Sta- 
tion, 1875-8. Promoted, April, 1878; commanding R. S. "Wabash," 
1878-81 ; commanding " Lancaster," S. A. Station, 1886-8. Retired, March, 
1888. 

Henry Wilson. — Born in New York. Appointed from New York, Oc- 
tober 22, 1847 ; attached to steamer " Alleghany," Brazil Squadron, 1847-8 ; 
sloop " Marion," East India Squadron, 1849-50 ; sloop "Plymouth," 1851; 
Home Squadron, 1852 ; Naval Academy, 1853. Promoted to Fasned Mid- 
shipman, June 10, 1853; steamer "Fulton," Home Squadron, 1853-6. Com- 
missioned as Lieutenant, September 16, 1855 ; Coast Surve}^, 1857-8 ; steamer 
"Caledonia," Brazil Squadron, and Paraguay Expedition, 1858-9; store-ship 
" Relief," Home Squadron, 1859-60 ; sloop " Vandalia," 1861 ; steamer 
" Hatter as," Western Gulf Squadron, 1862; commanding steam-gunboat 
" Owasco," Western Gulf Squadron, 1862-3. Commissioned as Lictdtmanf- 
Comvutnder, July 16, 1862 ; commanding steam-gunboat " Cayuga," Western 
Gulf Squadron, 186-1—5 ; special duty. Navy Yard, New York, 1866-7 ; 
commanding steamer " Saco," North Atlantic Squadron, 1867-9. Commis- 
sioned as Commander, April 30,1867; commander steam-sloop "Frolic," 
special service, 1870 ; commanding " Frolic," flag-ship, Port-Admiral, New 
York, 1873; commanding "Catskill" (iron-clad), N. A. Station, 1875-6. 
Promoted to Captain, JNIay 19, 1878 ; special duty, 1878-9 ; commanding 
"Trenton," European Station, 1879-80 ; commanding "Lackawanna," Pa- 
cific Station, 1882-3 ; leave of absence, 1883 ; connnanding receiving-ship 
"Franklin," 1884-6; waiting orders, 1887-8. Retired, March, 1889. 

Augustus P. Cooke. — Born in New York. Appointed from New York 
on May 27, 1852 ; stationed at the Naval Academy until June 21, 1856. 
Warnxnted Midshipman, June 20, 1856; served on United States steamer 
"Wabash," Captain Engle, from August, 1856, to February, 1858, and on 
the United States steamers " Colorado " and " Roanoke," Captain Gardner, 
from March, 1858, to December, 1858. 'W-dYrautadFa^fiedMidsliipman, from 
April 29, 1859 ; ordered to United States steamer "San Jacinto " as Acting 
Master and Navigator, Maj^ 1859, and served in that vessel till December, 
1861, under Captains Walker, Dornin, and Wilkes. Warranted MaMer, Sep- 
tember 5, 1859, and commissioned Lieideiiant, from December 28, 18G0; or- 
dered to United States steamer " Pinola," in January, 1862, as Executive- 
Officer under Lieutenant-Commanding Pierce Crosby. Commissioned Lieu- 
tenant- Comiiiander, i'vom August 11, 18()2 ; on "Pinola," servul under Ad- 
miral Farragut in the West Gulf Blockading Scjuadron ; assisted in clearing 
obstructions in Mississippi River below Forts Jackson and St. Philip ; par- 
ticipated in the capture of those forts and the taking of New Orleans ; 
ascended the Mississippi above Vicksburg ; detached from "Pinola" and 
ordered to conunand United States steamer " Estrella," October, 18(52, under 
Rear- Admiral Farragut, West Gulf Blockading Squadron ; on " Estrella " 
served chiefly in Louisiana waters through theTeche and Atchafalaya regions, 
belonging to a gun-boat flotilla, under command of Lieutenant-Commander 
Buchanan, of the " Calhoun ;" in an engagement Avith the Confederate gun- 
boat " Cotton," January 14, 1863, Lieutenant-Commander Buchanan Avas 
killed, when command of flotilla devolved on Lieutenant-Commander Cooke, 
of the "Estrella;" April 14, 1863, with "Estrella," "Arizona," and "Cal- 
houn," in Grand Lake, La., engaged and destroyed the Confederate steamer 
'• Queen of the West," capturing her crew ; April 20, 1863, in company with 
the "Clifton," "Arizona," and " Calhoun," captured Fort Burton at Butte a 
la Rose, La., taking the garrison prisoners ; proceeded up Atchafalaya River 



CAPTAINS. 101 

and joined flag-sliip " Hartford " at mouth of Red River, May 2, 1863 ; went 
up Red River as far as Alexandria with Admiral Porter's fleet ; afterwards oc- 
cupied in blockading on coast of Texas and in Matagorda Bay ; detached from 
the " Estrella," in July, 1864, and ordered to the Naval Academy, August, 
1864; served as E:^eculive-Officer of the practice-ship " Marion," summer of 
18()5, and as Navigator of the practice-ship "Savannah," summer of 1866; 
detached from the Naval Academy in May, 1867, and ordered as Navigator 
of the United States steamer "Franklin," Captain Pennock, June, 1^67; 
detached from the " Franklin," October, 1868, and ordered to the United 
States steamer " Ticomleroga," Captain Wyman, as Executive; detached 
from the " Ticonderoga," April, 1869 ; ordered to the Naval Academy, Oc- 
tober, 1861); commanded practice-ship "Savannah," summer of 1870. (Jom- 
missioued Commander, August, 1870 ; connnanded ])ractice-ship " Constel- 
lation " during summer cruise of 1873 ; detached from Naval Academy, 
October, 1873, and ordered to Torpedo Station, Newport, R. I; detached 
from Torpedo Station, July, 1874, and oidered to command torpedo-boat 
"Intrepid;" detached from "Intrepid," October, 1874, and ordered to com- 
mand torpedo-boat " Alarm ;" detached from the "Alarm," June, 1875, and 
ordered to command United States steamer " Swatara," North Atlantic 
Station; detached from ''Swatara, August, 1877; ordered to command 
United States training-ship "Constitution," Septcnber, 1877; detached from 
the " Constitution," January, 1878, and ordered to command the United 
States receiving-ship "St. Louis," at Philadelphia, and also as Equipment 
Officer and Ca[)tain of the Yard at the United States Navy Yard, League 
Island, Pa. ; detached from the League Island Navy Yard and the '■ St. 
Louis," September, 1879, and ordered to the Mare Island Navy Yard as In- 
spector of Ordnance; detached from the Navy Yard, Mare Island, Cal., Feb- 
ruary 15, 1883, and ordered, August 4, 1883, to command the " Lackawanna." 
Pacific Station ; detached from the " Lackawanna," April 7, 1885, and ordered, 
September 28, 1885, to command the recfiving-ship "Vermont," at New 
York ; detached from the " Vermont," and ordered as Captain of the Yard 
at New York Navy Yard, in 1887 ; detached from the New York Navy 
Yard, March, 1888 ; commanded receiving-ship " Franklin," at Norfolk, from 
April, 1888, to September, 1890; special duty at New York, September, 
18i)0, to May. 1892, when he was retired. 

George Hamilton Perkins. — Born at Hopkinton, N. H., October 20, 
1836. Graduated at the Naval School, in 1856; October 20, 1856, ordered 
on l)oard the " Cyane," Captain Robb, to cruise in the West Indies ; detached 
from the "Cyane," January 11, 1858; January 19, 1858. ordered to the 
" Release," Commander William A. Parker, for the Mediterranean and 
Paraguay. Appointed Acting Mader of the " Release," August 18, 1858; 
detached from the "Release" and ordered to the "Sabine," at Montevideo, 
Captain H. A. Adams, March 17, 1859; April 29, 1859, ordered to the 
"Samter," Commander Armstrong, as Acting Master, for cruise on the west 
coast of Africa. September 5, 1859, appointed Mader; February 25, 1861. 
detached from the " Sumter ; " December 16, 1861, ordered to the " Cayuga," 
Captain N. B. Harrison ; passed Forts Jack.son and St. Philip, April 24, 
1862 ; passed the Chalmette batteries, April 25, 1862 ; engaged in several 
skirnii.slies up the Mississippi after the taking of New Orleans; October 31, 
1862, detached from the "Cayuga," and ordered as Executive-Officer of the 
" Pensacola," C(nninodore H. W. Morris. December 31, 1862, appointed 
Lleidenajit-Commwider; June, 18H3, given command of the gunboat " New 
London," to convey powder and desi^atches between New Orleans and Baton 



102 CAPTAINS. 

Rouge ; ran the batteries at Port Hudson successfully five times ; on the 
sixth had a severe skirmish with the enemy at Whitehall's Point, July 9, 
1863; July 31, 1863. ordered to the command of the ''Scioto," for blockade 
dutv off the coast of Texas; April 7, 1864, captured the "Mary iSorley," 
blockade-runner, laden with cotton ; April 20, 1864, relieved from the com- 
mand of the '■ Scioto," with leave to proceed North, but volunteered for the 
battle of Mobile Bay, and took command of the iron-clad '"Chickasaw," July 
28, 1864 ; in the subsequent operations, resulting in the taking of Mobile, 
and in the reduction of Forts Powell, Gains and Morgan, and in the capture 
of the " Tennessee," his ship was chiefly instrumental ; July 10, 1865, detached 
from the " Chickasaw," with leave to proceed North; November 12,1865, 
appointed Superintendent of iron-clads at New Orleans; April 16, 1866, 
detached from iron-clad duty, and ordered North ; May 17, 1866, ordered as 
Executive Officer of the " Lackawanna " Captain Reynolds, for duty in the 
North Pacific; January 2, 1869. detached from the " Lackawanna; " March 
19, 1869, ordered for ordnance duty to the Boston Yard. January 19, 1871, 
appointed Commander; March 3,1871, given command of United States 
stoi'e-ship " Relief," to convey contributions to the French ; from September, 
1871, until January 29, 1876, on duty in Boston as Ordnance Officer and 
Light-House Inspector; January 29. 1877, commanding the "Ashuelot," 
Asiatic Squadron, 1879-81 ; Torpedo Station, Newport, 1882 ; leave of 
absence, 1883-5. Promoted to Captain, March, 1882 ; commanding " Hart- 
ford." Pacific Station, 1885-6. Waiting oixlers, 1887-8; leave of absence, 
1889. Waiting orders, 1890; retired October 1, 1891. 

Henry B. Seely.— Born at Seneca Falls, N. Y , July 7, 1838. Appointed 
from New York, May 26,1852; Naval Academy, 1852-7; "Minnesota," 
East Lidia Squadron, 1857-9. Fai^sed Midshipman, Jnne 25, 1860. Master, 
October 24, 1860; ''Iroquois," European Station, 1860-1. Lieutenant, 
April 17, 1861 ; " Keystone State," West Indies (cruising), 1861 ; "Sumter," 
South Athmtic Blockading Squadron, 1861-2 ; " Saranac," Pacific Squadron, 
1863-5. Lieutenant-Commander, February 21, 1864; "Bienville," West 
Indies, 1866; "Guerriere" and "Pawnee," 1867-9; commanding "Kansas," 
Paraguay River, 1869 ; Rendezvous, Boston, 1873. Commander, August 24, 
1873 ; Light-House Inspector, 1873-6 ; torpedo instruction, 1878 ; command- 
ing "Ajax," 1878-80 ; in charge of Rendezvous, New York, 1881 ; com- 
manding "Nipsic," European and South Atlantic Squadrons, 1881-4. 
Captain, December 13, 1886; Navy Yard, League Island, Captain of Yard, 
1884—8; commanding receiving-ship "St. Louis," 1886-7; Commandant 
Navy Yard, League Island, 1888, to March, 1891 ; commanding U. S. S. 
" Lancaster," March, 1891, to June, 1892, when he was placed on retired list. 

Retired from incapacity resulting from long and faithful service. 

Francis S. Haggerty. — Born in Pennsylvania. Appointed from Penn- 
sylvania, February 17,1832; attached to schooner " Experiment," Chesa- 
peake Bay, 1832-3, and also in Charleston Harbor during the time of nulli- 
fication, 1833 ; sloop-of-war " Ontario," coast of Brazil, 1833-4 ; frigate 
"Constitution," Mediterranean Squadron, 1835-7. Promoted to Passed Mid- 
shipman, July 23, 1838 ; frigate " Constitution," Pacific Squadron, 1838- 
41; Rendezvous, New York, 1841-2 ; Coast Survey, 1842-5. Commissioned 
as Lieutenant, December 19, 1843 ; steamers " Mississippi," and "Princeton," 
Home Squadron, 1844-6 ; brig " Bainbridge," coast of Africa, 1849-51; 
receiving-ship "New York," 1851-2 ; steam-frigate "Powhatan," Japan Ex- 
pedition, Commodore Perry, 1852-5 ; Naval Observatory, Washington, 



CAPTAINS. 103 

1855-7; steam-frigate " Saranac," Pacific Squadron, 1857-9 ; brig " Perry," 
East Gulf (Squadron, 1860 ; at the commencement of the Rebellion, was em- 
ployed on the river Potomac, in command of the brig " Perry ; " was trans- 
ferred to the sloop-of-war " Vandalia," belonging to the squadron under com- 
mand of Commodore Dupont, Port Royal Expedition ; convoyed the powder 
and store-ships to the place of destination ; commanded the sloop-of-war 
" Vandalia," in the attack on the rebel batteries at Port Royal, November 7, 
1861; taking an active part in the reduction of the batteries, and subsequently 
in blockading duty in the mouth of Savannah River ; was placed on the retired 
list in consequence of injuries received in line of duty ; received the thanks 
of Congress for meritorious service and conduct in conjunction with the other 
officers engaged in the above-mentioned conflict; ordnance duty, Boston, 
1861-6. Commissioned as Commander, October 11, 1861. Commissioned as 
Captain, 1867 ; retired, March, 1867, in charge of ironclads, New Orleans, 
1867-9; Light-House Inspector, Seventh District, Key West, Florida, 
1870-1. 

John F. McGlensey. — Born in Pennsylvania. Appointed from Penn- 
sylvania, September 28, 1857 ; Naval Academy, 1857-60 ; Navy Yard, 
AVashington, 1861 ; South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1861-8; battle of 
Port Royal, November 7, 1861. Commissioned as Lieutenant, July 16, 
1862; East Gulf Blockading Squadron, 1864; steamer "Mingo," South 
Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1864-5 ; several engagements with the 
enemy; steam-sloop " Monongahela," Atlantic Squadron, 1866-8. Commis- 
sioned as Lieutenant- Commander, July 25, 1866; Naval Academy, 1869; 
"Guerriere" (second-rate), European Fleet, 1870-2; " Ticonderoga " 
(second-rate), N. A. Squadron, 1874. Commissioned as Commander, Febru- 
ary 8, 1875; Navy Yard, Pensacola, 1876-7; commanding "Canonicus" 
(iron-clad), N. A. Station, 1877-9; Navy Yard, Norfolk, 1881-3; com- 
manding " Ossipee," Asiatic Station, 1883-6; Navy Yard, Portsmouth, 
1886-8. Promoted to Captain, February, 1890; receiving-ship "Franklin," 
September, 1890-Julv, 92 ; commanding " Chicago," N. A. Station, July, 
1892, to date of his retirement, May 8, 1893. 

E. C. Merriman. — Born at Bradford, Steuben Countv, New York, 
July 28, 1840. He entered the Naval Academy, September 28, 1857. On 
the 9th of November, 1860, he resigned, supposing death to be very near 
from consumption. December 3, 1861, he re-entered the service as Acting 
Maater and was ordered as Executive Officer of the U. S. S. ferry-boat 
'■ Westfiekl," Commander William B. Renshaw. Just before the time for 
sailing. Midshipman and Acting Master Thomas, of the U. S. S. " Norfolk 
Packet " (mortar schooner), Avas taken sick, and Lieutenant Merriman was 
ordered to report to Lieutenant-Commanding Watson Smith for duty as Ex- 
ecutive Officer of her. She was the flag-ship of the First Division of Porter's 
Mortar Fleet and took an active part in the bombardment of Forts Jackson 
and St. Philip, below New Orleans. He returned to Norfolk on board the 
same schooner, "Norfolk Packet," and was ordered to the '' Wacliusett," the 
flag-ship of the Flying Squadron, commanded by Rear-Adniiral Charles 
Wilkes. Commissioned as Lieutena}it, July 16, 1862. In November, 1863, 
was transferred to the " Santiago de Cuba," Commander Daniel B. Ridgely. 
In July, 1864, was sent North in charge of the captured blockade-runner 
" Britannia." From there he was ordered as Executive Officer of the U. S. S. 
" Florida," Commander W. W. Queen — afterwards under Commander 
Pierce Crosby — cutting out and capturing prize steamers, etc., and constantly 
fired at by the " Half-Moon " and other batteries in the vicinity of Fort 



104 CAPTAINS. 

Fislier. In April, was ordered as Executive of the monitor "Lehigh," cap- 
turing a blockade-runner, and bringing her to Philadelphia. In June, 1860, 
after a stay at home of thirteen days, Lieutenant Merriman was ordered to report 
to Kear- Admiral George F. Pearson, commanding the Pacific Squadron. He 
remained on the west coast of North and South America from June 25, 1865, 
until April, 1871, serving in the intervening time on board the " Lancaster," 
" St. Mary's," " Wateree," " Dacotah," " Tuscarora," and " Pensacola." In 
August, 1871, was ordered as Executive Officer of the " Worcester," and 
in January, 1872, was transferred to the " Canandaigua." In 1873, was 
Executive of the " Juniata," Commander D. L. Braine, searching for the 
" Polaris," and from her was made Executive Officer of the frigate " Colo- 
rado." In March, 1875, was promoted to Commander and ordered to com- 
mand the iron-clad "Nantucket." From 1876 to 1879 was Light-House 
Inspector, Thirteenth District; 1880, Torpedo Station, Newport, Rhode Is- 
land ; from 1881 to 1888, commanding "Adams," on Pacific Station ; 1884 
to February, 1887, Equipment Officer, Portsmouth, New Hampshire; 1887 
to May, 1889, Equipment Officer, Navy Yard, Boston ; August to December 
31, 1889, Navigation Office, New York Yard ; commanded the U. S. S. "St. 
Louis," League I■^land Navy Yard, December, 1889, to September, 1891. 
Promoted, July 31, 1890. Retired, September 26, 1891. 

Retired as not recommended for promotion. 

Thomas G. Corbin. — Born in Virginia, August 18, 1820. Appointed 
from Alabama, May 15, 1838. Midshipman, Mvij 15, 1838 ; frigate " Brandy- 
wine," May, 1839 ; detached May, 1812 ; " Fairfield," May, 18-t2-3 ; " Pre- 
ble," 1843. Passed Midshipman, May ] 5, 1844; surveying schooner "Nau- 
tilus," 1844-5 ; frigate " Columbia," 1845-7. Acting Lieutenant, latter part 
of cruise ; Coast Survey, 1848-50. " St. Marv's," as Acting Master, 1850-3. 
Lieutenant, June 10, 1852; "Princeton," West India Squadron, 1858-5 ; 
"Active," 1855-6, Pacific and Puget Sound ; " John Adams," 1856-7, Paci- 
cific Ocean ; frigate " Wabash," 1858-60, Mediterranean ; Naval Rendez- 
vous, Philadelphia, 1860-1; "Wabash," Executive Officer, April, 1861; 
August, 1861, engaged in the capture of the forts at Hatteras Inlet; and in 
the same vessel, in the capture, November 7, of Port Royal, South Carolina ; 
and, 1862, in the fall of St. Augustine, Fernandina, etc. Commander, July 
16, 1862; 1862-3, in command of flag-ship "Wabash," South Atlantic 
Blockading Squadron, S. F. Dupont, Rear-Admiral ; July, 1863, Command- 
ant of Midshipmen at Naval Academy, and Ordnance Officer, Philadelphia 
Navy Yard ; "Augusta," 1864-5, North Atlantic Blockading Squadron ; 
Fleet- Captain, West India Squadron, 1866. Captain, July 22,1866; INIay, 
1867-8, commanding flag-ship "Guerriere," South Atlantic Squadron ; 1869- 
74, Courts Martial, Examining Boards, and Inspector of Light-Houses, 
Fourth District. 

The cause of Captain Corbin's retirement is fully explained in the follow- 
ing report of the Naval Committee to the House of Representatives : 

The Committee on Naval Affairs, to whom was referred the bill (H. It 3532) for the relief of 
Capt Thomas O. Corbin, having had the same U7ide^ consideration, respectfully submit thefol- 
loxcing report : 

Captain Corbin was appointed an acting midshipman in 1S38. He passed through all 
the intermediate grades of the service, and in July, 1866, was promoted to tlie rank 
of captain. On the 21st of May. 187H, Captain Corbin was ordered to report in 
Washington for an examination preliminary to jiromotion. On ap[ earing before the 
examining board, he was informed that he would be required to submit to an oral 



CAPTAINS. 105 

examination to test his proficiency in the knowledge of his profession. He thereupon 
tiled a paper, electing, under section ',i of the Act of April 21, 1864, section 15(J0, 
Revised Matutes, to be absent during the examination of his case, which paper is as 
follows : 

"Mr. President and Gentlemen or the Board: I am now given to under- 
stand that the board proposes to examine me. in person, by interrogatories, to ascertain 
my proficiency in one or more branches of professional knowledge. 

" I respectfully object to any such examination, as entirely beyond the purview of the 
several acts of Congress under which the board is constituted. 

" I call tlie attention of tlie board to the accom))anying paper, marked A, embodying 
briefly the construction of the Act of 18G4, which much careful consideration convinces 
me is the only tenable one. I refrain from presenting to the board at this time arguments 
wliich make it seem to me impossil)le that Congress sliould ever mean to subject a naval- 
officer of the rank of Captain, after thirty-five years' .service, to the .same sort of examina- 
tion as a cl^rk in one of the executive departments. 

"For at least eighty years of our national history the rank which T now hold was the 
highest to which an officer of the navy could attain. I should esteem myself wanting 
not only in self-respect, but in the duty which you and I, gentlemen, alike owe to the 
honor and dignity of our professions, should I willingly consent to such an examination 
as is now proposed. Happily, as I think, the law requires from me no such degra- 
dation. 

' The Act of 1804, leaves it optional with me to be present or absent during the pend- 
ing investigation, and 1 hereby elect to be absent. In doing so, I enter my solemn pro- 
test against such withdrawal being allowed any weight in framing your report in my 
case. Upon every principle of honor with which I am acquainted, a failure to report an 
officer as fitted for promotion is equivalent to the expression of an opinion that, for some 
reason, you deem that officer unfit for promotion, if from any testimony before the 
board, from any record in the department, or from any answer to written interrogatories, 
the board shall find matter requiring personal explanation from me, I will cheerfully 
answer the summons of the board, upon be ng 'duly notified' as required by third 
section of the Act of April 21, 1864. 

'' I respectfully request the board to examine and consider the accompanying paper. 
" Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

''Thomas G. Corbin, 
"Captain United States Navy.'' 

He filed therewith an argument, which is as follows : 

'' Before examining the purport of the law, it is to be observed that the board is to be 
governed solely by the act of Congress itself, which confers no other ])Ower upon the ex- 
ecutive department of the government than to appoint the m -mbers of the board. In this 
respect it ditiers from some other acts of a similar character, as for instance, the Act of 
February 28. 1855, which directed the board of officers ' to perform their duty under such 
regulations as shall be prescribed by the Secretary of the Navy.' Accordingly, the Secre- 
tary embodied his ' instructions' in a letter to the board dated June 20, 1855. ac ing, as 
he expressly said, under the power conferred by Congress. The act under consideration 
gives no such power, and, therefore, there is no right in the Secretary of the Navy or the 
President to prescribe rules for the government of the board. They must be governed by 
the act. and the act alone. 

" Taking up the act itself, it .seems clear that the normal mnde, of procedure was intended 
to be without the presence of the party whose fitness is to be investigated. 

" 1. The fii-st section is evidently intended to embody all that was expected to be usually 
essential for the decision of the case. It savs nothing of the presence of the party or of 
any such thing as a literary, quasi-scientific or professional interrogation of the officer 
himself. It looks entirely to the ascertaining of the officer's fitness by examination of 
ivitnei^seft a- d records. 

"2. Tliat a decision in this matter was thought possible, and was expected, also, to 
be the usual mode, is made manifest by the 3d section, which states explicitly that any 
officer to be acted on by said board shall have the ric/ht to be present if he desires it. How 
could it be made more clear, t'at if he does not desire it, lie need not appear ? 

"The right to appear is evidently based upon the supposition tliat something may 
occur to make it desirable for him to rebut testimony unfavorable to his p-ofessional 
character. In that case, he is given the right to make his own 'statement of his case,' 
to call witnesses, and to have the statement, the testimony of the witnesses, and his own 
'examination' 'recorded.' This is the only ' examination ' mentioned in the whole act 



II 



106 CAPTAINS. 

(except where the first section spenks of examining recordsV nnd it most clearly points to 
liis examination as a witness in regard to some fact or facts then nnder consideration. It 
has no relation at all analogous to that in the new civil service system. 

"3. If sncli an examination as that just referred to had been in contemplation of t'^e 
act, it would certainly have cleai-ly prescrilied the nature and scope of the different sub- 
jects to be taken up for the different classes of officers, and, in various ways, have 
exnressed such a purpose. 

"4. The hist clause of section 3 requires a word of comment. It must be noted that it 
expressly looks to the case of an officer declining to appear, after notice, and it does not 
say that his failing to appear shall be ipso facto ground for an imfavorahle verdict, uor 
even for censure. Its meaning is simply this. It says to the officer: 'Something has 
turned up in this investigation wliich it was thought you nn'glit wish to explain or deny, 
and you were notified to appear. You preferred to remain absent, and you are stopped 
from any objection on that score.' His absence, after notice, is not to enter into consider- 
ation at all as an element in making up the judgment of the board. 

" Eespectfully submitted, 

" Thomas G. Corbin, 
'' Caplain United States Navy." 

In support of his right not to submit to an oral examination, as was required of him 
by the board, acting in pursuance to a circular of the department issued on the 25th of 
January, 1869, directing examining boards '' to ascertain the fitness of the candidate for 
promotion b}' a rigorous personal examination as to his professional knowledge and qual- 
ificatious." The Act of April 21, 18fi4, defines the duties of the examining boai-d, and 
confers upon the Secretary of the Navy no authority to make any regulations in the 
premises, an authority which had been conferred by the Act of February 28, 1855. The 
omission of such authorization in the Act of 18^4, it is evident, was intentional on the 
part of Congress, and not the result of accident. Still less could the Secretary of the 
Navy assume the power to subject an officer to an oral examination when the tliird sec- 
tion of tiie Act of 1864 expressly leaves it optional with tlie officer to appear or not in 
person before the board, as he may elect 

Captain Corbin refused, the- efore, to appear before the board, wliich refused to recom- 
mend him for promotion The vSecretary of the Navy thereupon offered Captain Corbin 
an opportunity to reconsider his determination not to appear before the examining board, 
of which he refused to avail himself. Tiie papers in t'le cnse were then, by request of 
Captain Corbin, placed before t!ie President, who sustained the action of the department. 

Captain Corbin still refusing to appear before the board for tlie purpose of an oral 
examination, on January 5, 1874, he was, by order of the Secretary, placed upon the 
retired list. 

Captain Corbin then preferred a request to be furnished with a copv of the report of 
the examining board and of all matter on the files and records of the department touch- 
ing his case, which was refused. 

Your committee, having matm-ely examined the facts and the law in the case of Cap- 
tain Corbin, have reached the conclusion that the department had no power to extend 
the scope of an act of Congress by requiring of an officer an oral examination as a pre- 
requisite to promotion. It is evident t''at in imposing such a condition as a prerequisite 
to promotion the department exceeded its powers and practically usurped the functions of 
the law-maker. At most it can be contended that the department can make such regu- 
lations as are necessary to give effect to the act of Congress, but the circular of 1869 goes 
much further, and, in fact, violates section 3 of the Act of 1864. The act says, ''any 
officer shall have the ri.rht to be present if he desires." The department tells him, "you 
must be p'-e'ient or vou shall not be promoted " Such action is a clear usurpation ; and 
your committee are furthe- satisfied that the circular of l''*69 was not intended to apply 
to officers in the higher grades of the service, but solely to those young men who. because 
of the extraordinary demand fi>r officers caused by the outbreak of the late civil war, 
were graduated before th -y had completed the regular course at the Naval Academy. 
They are fortified in this opinion by the information that until 1872, when this novel 
construction was placed upon the act. no oral eyami nation was ever requii'cd for promo- 
tion to the higher grades in the service. 

The cases of Captains Pennock and Case and of Cominander Davenport support th's 
conclusion of yonr committee. The facts in the case of Captain Case are pari passu with 
those in the case under consi 'eration. Captain Case declined to be present at the sittings 
of the board, but he was recommended for ]iromotion witliout questioning h's right to 
absent himself — this in 1868. Commander Davenport likewise refused to attend upon 



COMMANDERS. 107 

the board, and Captain Penuock during his examination was absent upon a cruise — this 
also in 1868. 

Your committee are clear that it was never the intention of the act to subject officers 
of high rank and loug-established reputation to the lunniliatiou of an oral technical 
examination, required in no other service in the world, and utte; ly ineffectual to any 
good purpose, when left to the arbitrary limitation of the Secretary of the Navy or an 
examining board. They, therefore, recommend the passage of the bill." 

Again, in 1882 Mr. Morse, from the Committee on Naval Aft'airs, made an equally 
strong report, tl;is time with the warm endonsement of Secretary Hunt ; but, owing to 
the pressure of public business, neither report was acted upon by Congress, and Captain 
Corbin remains a captain on the retired list. 

Retired on account of physical disahility. 

Mathias C. Marin. — Born in Florida. Appointed from Florida, Jan- 
uary 3, 1832; attached to schooner " Spark," special duty on the coast of 
Florida; attached to schooner " Porpoise," AYest India .Sipiadron, 1832-3; 
sloop "John Adams," Mediterranean Squadron, 1834-7. Promoted to Passed 
Midshipman, June 23, 1838 ; Rendezvous, New York, 1839 ; schooner 
"Flirt," Florida War, 1839-40 ; sloop " Vandalia," Home Squadron, 1841-3. 
Commissioned as Lieutenant, March 29, 1844 ; sloop " Yorktown," coast of 
Africa, 1844-5 ; steamer " Scourge," Gulf, in Mexican War, 184(3-7 ; present 
at the surrender of Vera Cruz; March 31, 1847, present at the capture of 
Alvarado and Flacotalpara by the " Scourgp ; " April IX, 1847, present at 
the capture of Tuspan ; June 15 and 16, 1847, present at the capture of 
Tobasco ; Coast Survey, 1847-9 ; sloop " Levant," Mediterranean Squadron, 
1852-3 ; Navy Yard, Pensacola, Florida, 1855 ; sloop "Macedonian," 1861. 
Commissioned as Commander, October 18, 1861 ; commanding sloop " St. 
Louis," special service, 1862-3 ; ordnance duty. Navy Yard, Boston, 1864-5. 
Commi.ssioned as Capdain, 1867 ; special duty. Maiden, INIass., 1869-70 

Retired in conformity ivith Act of February 28, 1855. 

Francis Lowry. — Born in Vermont. Appointed from Vermont, Au- 
gust 3, 1831 ; attached to flag-ship "Fairfield," West India Squadron, 1831 
-32, visiting St. Domingo, Windward and Leeward Islands, and Gulf of 
Mexico ; in July, 18^2, took passage in schooner " Shark," and in September 
joined schooner "Gi\ampus " at Pensacola, visited Key AVest and the Gulf of 
Mexico ; detached, February, 1834 ; receiving-ship, NeAV York, 1834 ; frigate 
" Brandywine," Pacific Squadron, 1834-6 to April, 1837 ; part of years 
1837-8 nt Naval School, New York. Promoted to Passed Midshipman, 
June 23, 1838 ; Coast Survey, 1838-40 ; in 1841-2, steamer " Fulton," part 
of the time as Acting Master; receiving-ship, Boston, 1842-3. (Annmis- 
sioned as Lievtenajit, July 4, 1843; latter part of 1843, at Naval Rendez- 
vous, New York ; sloop " John Adams," Gulf of Mexico, 1845-7 ; retired in 
1855 ; Naval Rendezvous, Portland, Maine, 1861. Commissioned as Cap- 
tain, 1867. 



COMMAJS^DERS ON THE ACTIVE LIST. 

Henry Glass. — Born in Kentuckv. Appointed from Illinois, Septem- 
ber 24, 1860; Naval Academy, 1860-3. Tromoted to Ensigji, May 24, 1863; 
attached to steam-sloop " Canandaigua," South Atantic Blockading Squad- 
ron, 1863-5 ; all the general engagements with forts and batteries in Charles- 
ton Harbor, from July 8 to September 28, 1863 ; engagements with batteries 
inStono River, S. C, December 28, 1863, and July 3 and 11, 1864; engage- 



108 COMMANDERS. 

ment witli batteries in North Erlisto River. February 9, 1865 ; capture of 
Georgetown, S. C, February 5, 1865. Promoted to Mader, November 10, 
1865 ; steam-sloop " Powhatan," Pacific Squadron, 1865-8. Commissioned 
as Lieutenant, Nov. 10, 1866. Commissioned as Lieutenant- Commander, Mar. 
12,1868; steam-sloop " Tuscarora," North Atlantic Squadron, 1869; "Mo- 
hican" (third-rate). Pacific Fleet, 1870-1; commanding " Nyack," in Pacific 
Station, in 1870, for six months ; stafl^-duty. Pacific Station, from March, 
1871, to August, 1872 ; Pacific Fleet, 1872 ; " Iroquois " (third-rate), Asiatic 
Station, 1872-3; receiving-ship "Independence," 1875; commanding Nauti- 
cal S. S. "Jamestown," 1876-8. Promoted to Gomnvinder, October, 1879 ; 
commanding " Wachusett," Pacific Station, 1881-2; commanding "James- 
town," and senior officer in Alaska, in charge of Indian afKiirs in the Terri- 
tory, 1880; Navy Yard, Mare Island, 1883-6; commanding " Monocacy," 
Asiatic Station, 1886-8; Naval Academy, 1888, to May, 1891 ; member Ex- 
amining Board. May, 1891, to March, 1892 ; Equipment Ofiicer, Navy Yard, 
Mare Island, March, 1892, to date. 

Philip Henry Cooper. — Born in New York. Appointed from New 
York, September 28, 1860 ; Naval Academy, 1860-3. Promoted to Ensir/n, 
May 28, 1863 ; attached to steam-sloop " Richmond," West Gulf Blockading 
Squadron, 1863-5 ; battle of Mobile Bav, August 5, 1864. Promoted to 
Mader, November, 1865; steam-sloop "Powhatan," South Pacific Squadron, 
1865-7. Commissioned as Lieutenant, November 10, 1866 ; Naval Academy, 
1867-9. Commissioned as Lieutenant- Commander, March 12, 1868 ; frigate 
"Sabine," special cruise, 1869 ; T. and N. Surveying Expedition, 1870-1; 
Naval Academv, 1872-4; Torpedo Station, 1875; Experimental Battery, 
Annapolis, 1875-6 ; Coast Survey Office, 1877-9. Promoted to Com,)nander, 
November, 1879 ; special navigation duty, 1879-81; commanding " Swatara," 
Asiatic Station, 1881-4 ; Navy Yard, Norfolk, 1886-8 ; commanding 
"Swatara," March, 1890 to December, 1891 ; special duty, December, 1891, 
to June, 1892 ; Board Inspection and Survey, June, 1892,' to date. 

Henry Clay Taylor. — Born in District of Columbia. Appointed from 
Ohio, Sept. 28, 1860 ; Naval Academy, 1860-3. Promoted to Ensign, May 28, 
1863; attached to steam-sloop "Shenandoah," North Atlantic Blockading 
Squadron, 1863-4; steam-sloop "Iroquois," special service, 1861-5. Pro- 
moted to Master, November 10, 1865 ; steamer " Rhode Island," North Atlan- 
tic Squadron, 1866-7. Commissioned as Lieutenant, November 10, 1866; 
steam-sloop "Susquehanna," flag-ship. North Atlantic Squadron, 1867-8. 
Commissioned asLieutenant Comma,nder, Murch 12, 1868 ; store-ship " Guard," 
European Squadron, 1868-9 ; Naval Academy, 1869-71 ; Executive of flag- 
ship of Pacific Squadron, U. S. S. "Saranac," 1872-4; commanding Coast 
Survey steamer " Hassler," 1874-7; Hydrographic Office, 1877-8; Navy 
Yard, Washington, 1879-80. Promoted to Commander, December, 1879 ; 
commanding " Saratoga " (training-ship) 1880-4; special duty. New York, 
1884-5 ; member Board of Inspection, 1885-7 ; leave of absence, 1888 ; com- 
manding " Alliance," Asiatic Station, 1890, to September, 1891; leave of 
absence, September, 1891, to December, 1892; special duty, December, 1892, 
to June, 18!)3 ; President Naval War College, Newport, R. L, at present 
date. 

George Henry Wadleigh. — Born in New Hampshire. Appointed from 
New Hampshire, September 26, 1860; graduated Naval Academy, May, 
1863. Promoted to Ensign, May 28, 1863, and ordered to steam-sloop 
" Lackawanna," West Gulf Blockading Squadron ; active blockade duty 
until end of war; present at attack on Fort Powell, March 2, 1864; battle 



COMMANDERS. 109 

of Mobile Bay, August 5, 18G4, and subsequent operations resulting in sur- 
render of Fort Morgan, August 2.3, 1864; ordered to steam-sloop " Kich- 
mond," March, 1865 ; oflicer of deck and beat to quarters when the rebel 
ram " Webb " attempted to escape from the Mississippi River, April 24, 
1865 ; upon finding she was recognized, the " Webb " was run on shore and 
burned. Commissioned Master, November 10, 1865; steam-sloop "Ticon- 
deroga," European Station, 1865-9. Commissioned Lieutenant, November, 
1866. Commissioned Lieutenant- Commander, March, 1868 ; Naval Academy, 
1869-70 ; torpedo duty, 1870-1 ; Executive Officer "Shawmut" (third-rate), 
North Atlantic Station, 1871-3. During this cruise the "Shawmut," Com- 
mander E E. Potter commanding, ascended the Orinoco River, 250 miles, to 
Bolivar, and compelled the revolutionists to restore two steamers belonging 
to United States citizens; iron-clad " Canonicus," 1873-4; as Executive- 
Officer receiving-ship "Ohio,'' and Navy Yard, Boston, 1874; Executive- 
Officer nautical school-ship "St. Mary's," 1874-6 ; Executive-Officer steam- 
sloop " Pensacola " (flag-ship). Pacific Station, 1876-8 ; Navy Yard, 
I'ortsmouth, N. H., 1879-80. Commissioned Commander, March, 1880; 
applied for and ordered to command steam-sloop "Alliance," special Arctic 
cruise in search of "Jeannette," summer of 1881, and North Atlantic Station, 
1881-2. While in the Arctic Ocean, northwest of Spitzbergen, the "Alli- 
ance " reached the latitude of 80° 10' ; Light-House Inspector, 1883-6 ; Navy 
Yai'd, Boston, 1887-9 ; commanding steamer " Michigan," Northwestern 
Lakes, 1889 to December, 1891 ; leave of absence, December, 1891, to Feb- 
ruar}', 1892; Inspector of Ordnance, Boston Navy Yard, February, 1892, 
to date. 

Arent Schuyler Crowninshield. — Born in New York. Appointed 
from New York, Sept. 21, 1860 ; Naval Academy, 1860-3. Promoted to En- 
sign, May 28, 1863; attached to steam-sloop " Ticonderoga," North Atlantic 
Blockading Squadron, 1864-5; both attacks on Fort Fisher; steam-sloop 
" Hartford," Ea-^t India Squadron, 1865-8. Commissioned as Lieutenant, 
November 10, 1866. Commissioned as Lieutenant- Commander, March 10, 
1868 ; steam-sloop " Richmond," European Squadron, 1868-9 ; " Richmond " 
(second-iMtt^), European Fleet, 1870-1 ; "Lackawanna" (second-rate), Asia- 
tic Station, 1872-4; leave of absence in Europe, 1875 ; ordnance duty. Navy 
Yard, Washington, 1875-8; commanding 'Portsmouth" (training-ship), 
1878-82. Promoted to Commander, March. 1880 ; Light-House Inspector, 
1882-5 ; member of Advisory Board, 1885-6 ; commanding school-ship " St. 
Mary's," 1887, to October, 1891 ; Navy Yard, New York, October, 1891, to 
March, 1892; commanding " Kearsarge," March, 1892, to September, 1893; 
member Board of Inspectors, Navy Yard, New York, at present date. 

Frank W^ildes. — Born in Massachusetts Naval Academy, September 
21, 1860 ; graduated. May 28, 1863, appointed Ensign same day; steam-sloop 
" Lackawanna," West Gulf Squadron, June 15, 1863 ; battle of Mobile and 
Naval Battery, until surrender of Fort Moi'gan ; monitor "Chickasaw" 
during operations in Mobile Bay, March and April, 1865, until occupation 
of Mobile; irou-clad "Monadnock," about October 1, 1865, to San Fran- 
cisco; on being put out of commission, to " Vanderbilt," about June, 1866. 
Promoted to Master, 1866, and to Lieutenard, 1867; steamer "Suwanee," 
soring of 1867, until her wreck on north coast of Vancouver's Island, July, 
1868. Promoted to Lieutenant- Commander, March 12, 1868; steam-sloop 
"Pensacola," August 1, 1868; ordered home September 1, 1868; frigate 
" Franklin," January. 1869, until her return home, November, 1871 ; Boston 
Navy Yard, about February 1. 1872 ; Executive of steam-sloop " Wyoming," 



110 COMMANDERS. 

August 1, 1873 ; in West Indies until April, 1874, when transferred to steam- 
sloop '* Wachusett," as Executive ; arrived Boston, December, 1874 ; Torpedo 
School, Newport, June 1, 1875, detached October 9 1875 ; Executive iron- 
clad "Dictator," Port Royal, South Carolina, May 15, 1876; detached on 
being put out of commission, Philiidel])hia, June 7, 1877 ; special ordnance 
duty. Cold Spring, New York, January 1. 1878-81. Promoted to Com- 
mander, April, 1880 ; commanding " Yantic," N. A. Station, 1882-5 ; Navy 
yard, Portsmouth, 1885-8 ; Light-House Inspector, First District, 1889- 
October, 1892 ; commanding " Yorktown," Octobex', 1892, to September, 
1893 ; Navy Yard, Norfolk, at present date. 

James Hoban Sands. — Born in District of Columbia. Appointed from 
Maryland, November 22, 1859 ; Naval Academy, 1859-63. Promoted to 
Efisif/ii, May 28, 1863; attached to steam-sloop ' Tuscarora," North Atlantic 
Blockading Squadron, 1863-4 ; steam-sloop ' Shenandoah," North Atlantic 
Blockading Squadi-on, 1864-5; and evacuation of Charleston, South Atlantic 
Blockading Sipuidrou ; both attacks on Fort Fisher, and twice recommended 
by Boards of Admirals to be advanced in grade for gallantry on shore during 
second attack; steam-sloop "Hartford," flag-ship East India Squadron, 
1865-8 ; in skirmish with savages on Island of Formosa, and mentioned 
twice in Squadron General Orders. Commissioned as Lieutenant, November 
10, 1866. Commissioned as Lieutenant- Commander, March. 12,1868; steam- 
sloop '• Richmond," European Squadron, 1869-70; " California," flag-ship 
Pacific Fleet, 1871-2; Hydrographic Office, 1873-4; "Minnesota" (first- 
rate), training-ship. New York. 1875-6; Navy Yard, New York, 1876-80; 
special duty, Washington, 1880-2. Promoted to Commander, November, 
1880 ; commanding " Iroquois," Pacific Station, 1882-4; Navy Yard, Wash- 
ington, 1884-6; leave of absence, 1886-90; commanding " Monongahela," 
March, 1891, to Nov., 1892; Navy Yard, Washington, Nov , 1892, to May, 
1893 ; Equipment Officer, Navy Yard, Boston, May, 1893, to date. 

Yates Stirling. ^Born in Maryland. Appointed from Maryland, Sep- 
tember 27, 1860; Naval Academy, 1860-3. Promoted to Ensign, May 28, 
18()3 ; attached to steam-sloop "Shenandoah;" was detached from " Shen- 
andoah" April 13, 1864, while that vessel was undergoing repairs at Phila- 
delphia, and reassigned to her in June following ; during that time served in 
the fiag-ship N. A. B S. monitor " Onondaga," in James River ; North 
Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1863-5 ; both attacks on Fort Fisher ; steamer 
" JMohongo," Pacific Squadron, 1865-7. Commissioned as Lieutenant, No- 
vember 10, 1866. Commissioned as Lieutenant- Commander, March 12, 1868 ; 
" Wampanoag," during trial trip, 1868 ; steam-sloop " Contocook," flag-ship 
North Atlantic Squadron, 1868-9; R. S. "Independence," 1871-2; sick- 
leave, 1873-5; R. S. " Worcester," 1875-6; torpedo duty, 1877; ordnance 
duty, Navy Yard, Washington, 1877-8; "Lackawanna," Pacific Station, 
1878-81. Promoted to Commander, November 26, 1880; Navy Yard, Wash- 
ington, 1882-4; commanding " Iro(|Uois," Pacific Station, 1884-6 ; command- 
ing R. S. "Dale," 1887-90; commanding "Dolphin," March, 1890, to June, 
1891 ; Light-House Inspector, December, 189"-^, to date. 

William Clinton Wise. — Born in Virginia. Appointed from Ken- 
tucky to the Naval Academy, September, 1860. Promoted to Ensign, 
October 1, 1863. Mader, May 10, 1866. Lieutenant, July 21, 1867. Lieu- 
tenant-Commander, March 12, 1868. Commander, Februaiy 24, 1881. At 
Naval Academy, 1860-3 ; October, 1863, attached to and serving on the "New 
Ironsides," South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, off Charleston, S. C; on 
jjicket duty, and various attacks on Charleston, and the Jacksonville expedi- 



COMMANDERS. Ill 

tion ; steam-frigate " INIinnesota," 1864-5 ; both attacks on Fort Fisher, N. C, 
I860 ; cominaiidiag flag-ship " Malvern " in the attacks on Forts Anderson and 
Strong, and various operations on Cape Fear River ; commainding the " Mal- 
vern " on the James River during the final movements against Richmond, the 
" Malvern " being the first U. S. vessel to reach the city, and having President 
Lincoln on board ; recommended for promotion for war services by Board of 
Admirals in 1866; flag-ship " Hartford," Asiatic Station, 1865-6 ; U. S. S. 
" Wachusett," 1866-7; same station with landing party in Northern Cliina in 
capturing and breaking up a band of robbers; practice-ship "Dale," 1869; 
U S. S. " Miantonomaii," 1869-70 ; U. S. S. " Brooklyn," European Station, 
1870-3 ; U. S. S. "Ajax," West India Station, 1873-4 ; U. S. R. S. " Ver- 
mont," 1874-5 ; flag-ship " Tennessee," Asiatic Station, 1875-6 ; commanding 
U. S S. " Palos," same station, 1877-8 ; Inspector of Ordnance, Navy Yard, 
Norfolk, Va, 1878-81; commanding U. S. S. "Portsmouth," 1882-4 ; In- 
spector of Ordnance, Navy Yard, Portsmouth, N. H., 1884-7 ; commanding 
U. S. S. "Juniata," 1888-9; Equipment Officer, Navy Yard, Norfolk, Va., 
1889-90 ; Light-House Inspector, November, 1890, to date. 

Purnell Frederick Harrington. — Born in Dover, Delaware, June 6, 
1814. Appointed MkUhlpman at the Naval Academy, Sept. 20, 1861. Pro- 
moted to Ensign, and ordered to steam-sloop '^ Ticonderoga," October 1, 
1863; attached to steam-sloop " Monongahela," West Gulf Blockading 
Squadron, 1864-5 ; battle of Mobile Bay, August 5, 1864, and all the opera- 
tions against the rebel defences at the eutrtince of Mobile Bay during the 
summer of 1861; steam sloop " Monongahela," North Atlantic Squadron, 
1865-S. Promoted to Mdder, May 10, 1866; to Lieutenant, February 21, 
1867; and to Lieidenant-Cominander, March 12,1838; attached to Naval 
Academy, 1868-70; steam-frigate "California," Pacific Fleet, 1870-1; 
Executive-officer of the flag-ship " Pensacola," South Pacific Squadron, 
1872-3; Naval Academy, 1873-6; Executive-Officer of the "Hartford," 
flag-ship, South Atlantic Station, 1877-9 ; and, in consequence of the illness 
and death of the late Capt;un Henry A. Adams, in command of that ship 
during fourteen months; Naval Academy, 1880-3. Promoted to Com- 
mancZer, May 28,1881; commanded practice-ship " Dale" during summer 
cruises of 1881 and 1882; commanded steam-sloop "Juniata," Asiatic 
Station, 1883-5; Naval Academy, 1886-9; commanded practice-ship "Con- 
stellation," summer cruises of 1888 and 1889 ; Light-House Inspector, May, 
1890, to July, 1893; commanding U. S. S. "Yorktown," September, 1893, 
to date. 

William Bainbridge-Hoff. — Born in Pennsylvania. Appointed from 
Pennsylvania, October 21,1860; Naval Academy, 1860-3. Pnmioted to 
Emign, October 1, 1863 ; attached to steam-frigate " Niagara," 1864 ; East 
Gulf Blockading Squadron, 1864-5 ; taking part in the expedition to capture 
St. Marks, Fla., which terminated in the battle of Natural Bridge; steamer 
" Shavvmut," Brazil Squadron, 1865-6. Promoted to Mader, May 10, 1866 ; 
steam-frigate, "Franklin," flag-ship, European Squadron, 1867-8. Com- 
missioned as Lieutenuni, February 21, 1867. Commissioned as Lieutenant- 
Commander, March 12, 1868; Naval Academy, 1869 ; " Kansas " (fourth- 
rate), T. and N. Expedition, 1870-1 ; torpedo service, 1872 ; Senior Aide 
to Rear-Admiral Pennock, Commander-in-chief, Pacific Station; "Saranac" 
(second-rate). Pacific Fleet, 1872-4; special duty, Washington, 1875; com- 
manding "Alarm " (torpedo-boat), 1875-6 ; League Island Station, 1876-7 ; 
aide to Admiral Porter, 1877-81. Promoted to Commander, August, 1881 ; 
commanding training-ship "Portsmouth," 1881-3; torpedo station, 1883; 



112 COMMANDERS. 

special dut}' (Chief Sicjnal-OfficevY Navy Department. ISSri-fi; ciMninanding 
'• C^sipee," North Athintie iStation, 18y(i-8 ; coniinaiiding "Dale," (scliool 
for seamen gunners), January, 18!)(), to March, 18S)2; author of several 
works on Naval Tactics, ''Avoidance of Collisions at 8ea," and originator of 
the system of tactics officially adopted in the Navy (1890) ; duty in connec- 
tion with the World's Columbian Exposition as Commissioner to Great 
Britain (London, England), March, 1892, to October, 1893 ; special duty- 
Bureau of Navigation at present date. 

Nicoll Ludlow. — Born in New York. Appointed from New York, 
October 28, l^r}[) ; Naval Academy, 1859-()3. Promoted to Eiisir/n, October 
1, 18G;>; attached to steam-sloop " Wachnsett," Brazil !Squadn)n, 18U;>-5 ; 
attached to iron-clad " Monadnock," on her passage from New York to San 
Francisco, in 18()(). Promoted to il/a.'^/er, November 10, 18(H) ; steam-sUtop 
" Iro(|Uois," Asiatic Scpiadron, 18(50-9. Commissioned as Lieutt'intiit, Febru- 
ary 21, 1807. Commissioned as Lk'iitena)if-Coiii))Hiii(lc)', Slarch 12, l8i-)8; 
Naval Academy, 1870-2; " IMonongahela " (second-rate), S. A. Station, 
1872-5; "Brooklyn" (second-rate), S A. Station, 1870; torpedo duty, 
1870-7 ; " Trenton,' flag-ship, European Station, 1 <s77-80, returning to United 
States in " Constitution ;" C)rdnance Inspector, West Point Foundry and 
South Boston Iron Works, 1881-2. Promoted to Coinmander, October, 1881 ; 
Midvale Steel W^orks, Philadelphia, 1882-3; commanding " Quinnebaug," 
European Station, 1883-0 ; Light-House Inspector, 1887-90 ; Inspector of 
Ordnance, Mare Island Navy Yard, 1890 to May, 1891 ; Light-House Inspec- 
tor, JN [ay, 1891, to December, 1892, to January, 1893 ; commanding " Mo- 
hican," January to Se[)tember, 1893; at present on leave of absence. 

Francis Augustus Cook. — Born in IMassachusetts. Appointed from 
JMassachusetts, Sept. 20, 18(50 ; Naval Academy, 1800-3. Promoted to En- 
sign, October 1, 1803; attached to steam-sloop "Seminole," West Gulf 
Blockading Squadron, 18(53-5; steamer " ^'anderbilt," North Pacific Scpiad- 
ron, 1805-7. Promoted to Mttstrr, November 10, 1800; North Atlantic 
Squadron, 1807-8. C-ommissioncd as Lientcnanf, February 21, 1807. C'i)m- 
niLssioned as Lieutcnaiit-ContDuinder, March 12, 1808 ; Naval Academy, 1809 ; 
"Saranac" (second-rate). Pacific Fleet, 1870-1; R. S. "Independence," 
1872; "Richmond," flag-ship, S. P. Station, 1872-4; R. S. "Sabine," 1875 
-70; "Plymouth " (second-rate). N. A. Station, 187(5-8; Naval Academy, 
1880-3. Promoted to Commander, October, 1881 ; Light-House Inspector, 
1883-0; commanding "Ranger," North Pacific Station, 188(5-9; waiting 
orders, October, 1889, to March, 1890 ; Inspector of Ordnance, Navy Yard, 
Boston, INIarch, 1890, to May, 1893 ; Assistant Bureau of Navigation, May, 
1893, to date. 

Colby Mitchell Chester.— Born in Coiuiecticut. Appointed from Con- 
necticut, Oct. 31, 1859 ; Naval Academy, 1859-(S3. Promoted to En-ujn, Oct. 

I, 18(i3 ; ordered to " Richmond " (second-rate), October 21, 1803 ; took part 
in battle of Mobile Bay, August 5, 18(54, and bombardment and capture of 
Fort INIorgan, August 22, 1804; temporary duty monitor " Kickajwo," tak- 
ing part in operations against and capture of ]Mobile, Ala., April 12, 1805 ; 
returned to the " Richmond," A])ril 14, and detached from that vessel July 

II, 18(55 ; ordered to the " Powhatan " (first-rate), September 1(5, 18(55, which 
vessel joined the South Pacific Station as flag-ship. Promoted to Master, 
]\[ay 10, 1800. I^romoted to Lientoiant, February 21, 1807; detached from 
" Powhatan," November 10, 1807, Promoted to LleuieJKint-Coininaitder, 
March 12, 1808; ordered to the "Contocook" (first-rate), afterwards the 
"Albany," flag-ship of the North Atlantic Station, April 1, 1808; detached 



COMMANDERS. 113 

and ordered as ]']xocutive of the " Gettysburi^," May 12, 1(S()8; detached 
from tlic '' (Jettysbiirj;," October 12, 18()9 ; ordercMl to tlie " Abiska" (second- 
rate), December 1, bSlil), and joined the Asiatic Station; had chari,fc of 
steam hmnclies of s(|uadron, for siirvc^yinti; Salee River, Corea, when fired 
nj)on by the fortifications at its entrance, .June 2, 1871 ; became Executive of 
the " A hiska,'' October, 1871 ; detaclied from that vessel, March 4, 187;>; 
ordered to tor|)c(h) station, Au<:;iist 19, 187.') ; ordered to the Naval Acach^my, 
Jnly24, 1874; Executive of practice-ship " (Vnstellation," during summer 
of 187''>; detached from the jMaval Academy, September 1, 1877 ; onK'nid to 
the United States Coast Survey, October 2, 1877 ; commanded steamer 
" IJache," until J)ecend)er 1, 188t), when ho becaine Hydograjjhic Inspector. 
Promoted to Commander, October 15, 1881 ; detached from (/oast Survey, 
October 25, 1881 ; took command of the " Galena " (third-rate), October .SI, 
1885; the ' Galena" rendered assistance to the IJritlsh steamer "Historian," 
which vessel was stranded on the Magdalena River bar, December 21, 1<S85, 
for wliich tlie officers received a set of silver from the owners and the thanks 
of the liritish Government; also seized hlibusteriim; steamer "dentral 
America," at St. Aiuhvw Island, February, l.S8(), which vessel was con- 
demiKMl for breaking tlie luuitrality laws and sold ; detached iVom the " Ga- 
lena, l)(U'ember 1, 1888; appointed member of commission to select a site 
for a Navy Yard on tlu; Pacific coast of the United States, north of tlu^ forty- 
second parallel of north latitude, November 27, 1888; ordered as nuiinberof 
Board on Organization, Tactics, and Drill, duly 1, 188iJ, and detached ironi 
Navy Yard (Commission, Sei)tember .')0, 188i); Bureau of Navigation, July, 
1890, to April, 1891 ; Naval Academy, April, 1891, to date. 

Charles Edgar Clark. — Jiorn in Vermont, Appoinled from Vermont, 
September 29, l8(i(); Naval Academy, 18G()-.'}. Promoted to Eii,si.(/n, Octo- 
ber 1, 18G.'); steam-sloop " Ossipee," Western (Julf Blockading Sijuadron, 
1863-5; battle of Mobile 15ay, August 5, I S04 ; bombardment of Fort Mor- 
gan, August 2.'], 18(i4. ('ommissioned as Afader, November 10, 18()(); steamer 
" Vanderbilt," Pacific Station, 18()5-7. (commissioned as LiciifeiKiiit, lu'bru- 
ary 21, ]8()7. Commissioned as Lieutenant- Coiitmander, March 12, 18(i8; 
steamer " Smvanee " (wrecked July 7, 1808), 1807-8; receiving-ship " \^in- 
dalia," Poitsmoutli, N. II., 1808-9; North Atlantic Station, steamer " Sem- 
inole " and iron-clad "Dictator," 1809-70 ; Naval Academy, 1870-;> ; " Sar- 
atoga " practice cruise of 1871; North Atlantic Station, iron-clad " Mahopac," 
187.'}-4; Asiatic Station, steamers " Ilarllbrd," " Monocacy," and Kearsarge," 
1874-7; Navy Yard, Boston, 1877-80 ; training-ship " New IIam|)shire," 
1881. Commissioned as Commander, November 15 , 1881; training-ship 
"New Hampshire," 1882-8; Torpedo Station, 1883; steamer "Ranger,' 
survey of the North Pacific, 188.3-0 ; Light-House Inspector, 1887, to 
May, 1891 ; Navy Yard, Mare Island, May, 1891, to September, 1893 ; 
commanding "Mohican," September, 1893, to date. 

Charles James Barclay. — ^Born in Pennsylvania. Appointed from 
Pennsylvania, Sept. 21, 1800; Naval Ac^adem}^ 1800-3. Promoted to Yi-'/t- 
s/'^/f, October 1, 18()3 ; steam-sloop " Wachusett," Brazil Sipiadron, 180,3-4; 
steam-sloop " K(!arsarge," Euro])ean S(iuadron, 18(i5-(). Promoted to Nader, 
November 10, 1800; steam-frigate " Suscjuehanna," special service, 18()7. 
Commisi-umcxl HH Jjleidena id, February 21, 1807; steam-frigate " Minnesota," 
si)ecial service, 1808. ('ommissioned as Lieutenaid-Cummandcr, March 12, 
1808 ; steamer " Michigan," on the lakes, 18(j9 ; Pacific Fleet, 1870-2 ; Tor- 
pedo Station, 1873; commanding " Saugus " (iron-clad), North Atlantic 
Station, 1874; "Dictator" (iron-clad), North Atlantic Station, 1875-0; 

8 



114 COMMANDERS. 

commanding " Onward," 1877-79 ; Navy Yard, Portsmouth, 1880-1. Pro- 
moted to Commander, November, 1881; commanding "Alert," Asiatic Station, 
1883-6; ordnance duty. Navy Yard, Portsmouth, 1887, to November, 
1^91; Equipment Officer, Navy Yard, Poi'tsmouth, November, 1891, to 
May, 1893 ; commanding training-ship " Portsmouth, ' May, 1893, to date. 

Joseph Bullock Coghlan. — Born in Kentucky. Appointed from Illi- 
nois, Sept. 27, 1860 ; Naval School, 1860-3. Promoted to Emicin, May 28, 
1863; attached to steam-sloop "Sacramento," special service, 1863-5. Pro- 
moted to ]\Iader, November 10, 1865; steam-sloop "Brooklyn," flag-ship 
Brazil Squadron, 1865-7. Commissioned as Lieutenant, November 10, 1866 ; 
Executive Officer "Pawnee," 1867; steam-frigate " Guerriere," 1867-8; sail- 
ing-sloop "Portsmouth," 1868. Commissioned as Lieutenant- Commander, 
March 12, 1868 ; steam-sloop "Richmond," European Squadron, 1868-71; 
Hydrographic Office, 1871-3 ; sick leave, 1873-4 ; commanding " Saugus " 
(ironclad), North Atlantic Station, 1875-6; receiving-ship "Colorado," 
1877. " Monongahela," Asiatic Station, 1877-9 ; receiving-ship "Indepen- 
dence," 1879. Promoted to Commander, February, 1882 ; commanding 
"Adams," Pacific Station, 1883-4 ; Navy Yard, Mare Island, 1886-8 ; com- 
manding "Mohican," Pacific Station, 1888-90 ; Inspector Ordnance, League 
Island Navy Yard, January, 1891, to date, 

Charles Vernon Gridley. — Born in Indiana. Appointed fi-om Mich- 
igan, September 26, 1860 ; Naval Academy, 1860-3, Promoted to Ensign, 
October 1, 186"^; attached to steam-sloop "Oneida," West Gulf Blockading 
Squadron, 1863-5; battle of Mobile Bay, August 5, 1864; steam-sloop 
" Brooklyn," flag-ship Brazil Squadron, 1865-7. Promoted to Master, No- 
vember 10, 1866 ; steam-sloop " Kearsarge," South Pacific Squadi'on, 1867-9. 
Commissioned as Lieutenant, February 21, 1867. Commissioned as Lieuten- 
ant-Commander, March 12, 1868; "Michigan" (f)urth-rate), 1870-2 ; "Mo- 
nongahela" (second-rate). South Atlantic Station, 1873-4; Naval Acad- 
emy, 1875-9 ; Executive-Officer of practice-ship " Constellation " during 
summer cruises of 1877 and '78 ; Executive-Officer of U. S. flag-ship "Tren- 
ton," European Station, from December, 1879, to November, 1881. Promoted 
to Commander, March 10, 1882 ; in attendance at Torpedo Station during 
summer of 1882 ; Navigation Officer at Boston Navy Yard from October, 
1882, to February, 1884; ordered to command training-ship "Jamestown," 
February 5, 1884; detached and ordered to command training-ship " Ports- 
mouth " on May 11, 1886 ; detached from " Portsmouth," December 10, 
1886. Senior officer of Cruising Training Squadron from June, 1886, till 
November, 1886 ; Inspector of Tenth Light-House District, Buffialo, N. Y., 
July, 1887, to October, 1891 ; Navy Yard, Washington, October, 1891, to 
July, 1892 ; commanding " Marion," July, 1892, to date. 

Charles Dwight Sigsbee. — Born in New York. Appointed from New 
York, Sept. 27, 1859 ; Naval Academy, 1859-63. Promoted to Endgn, Oct, 
1, 1863 ; attached to steam-sloop " Monongahela," West Gulf Squadron, 
1863-4; "Brooklyn," West Gulf Squadron, 1864; battle of Mobile Bay, 
August 5, 1864; North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1865; both attacks 
on Fort Fisher, and final assault on the same ; steam-sloop " Wyoming," 
Asiatic Squadron, 1865-7. Promoted to Master, May 10, 1866. Commissioned 
as ivieHie»«»f, February 21, 1867; steamer "Ashuelot," Asiatic Squadron, 
1867-8. Commissioned as Lieutenant- Comviander, March 12, 1868 ; on duty 
at Naval Academy, 1869-71 ; " Severn " and " Worcester," flag-ships, N. A. 
Station, 1871-2 ; "" Canandaigua," 1872-3 ; Hydrographic Office, 1873-4 ; 
Coast Survey, 1874-5 ; commanding Coast Survey steamer " Blake," 1875-8 ; 



COMMANDERS. 115 

Hydrographic Office, 1878-82. Promoted to Commander, May 11, 1882 ; 
Naval Academy, 1882-5 ; commanding practice-ship " Dale," summers of 
1883-4 ; commanding "■ Kearsarge," European Station, 1885-6 ; special 
duty, Navy Department, September, 1887 ; member Examining and Retir- 
ing Board, 1887 ; Naval Academy, 1887-90 ; commanding practice-ship 
" Constellation," part of summer, 1889 ; commanding training-ship " Ports- 
mouth," 1891-2 ; Hydrogx-apher, Navy Department, 1893. 

Richard Phillips Leary. — Born in, and appointed from, Maryland ; 
graduated from N. A., class of 18G0. Promoted to Ensign, Oct., 1863. Pro- 
moted to Master, May, 1866. Promoted to Lieidenant, February, 1867. Pro- 
moted to Lieufenant- Commander, March, 1868. Attached to Blockading 
Squadrons off Charleston, S. C, 1863-5 ; attached to " Canandaigua," Eu- 
ropean Station, 1865-8 ; attached to " Dictator," N. A. Fleet, 1870-3 ; 
" Constellation," special service, 1879 ; " Pensacola," Pacific Station, 1879- 
81 ; " Vandalia," N. A. Station, 1881-2. Promoted to Commander, June, 
1882 ; commanding R. S. " Wyandotte," 1883-5 ; commanding " Iroquois," 
Pacific Station' 1886-8; commanding "Adams," Pacific Station, 1888-9; 
was Senior Officer at Samoa during the Revolution of 18>;8, when the Tama- 
sese government was overthrown ; Equipment Officer, Navy Yard, Norfolk, 
September, 1890-3. 

William Henry Whiting. — Born in New York. Appointed from Wis- 
consin, September 21, 1860; Naval Academy, 1860-3. Promoted to Emign, 
October 1, 1863; attached to flag-ship " Hartford," West Gulf Squadron, 
1863-5 ; battle of Mobile Bay, August 5, 1864, and burning of the blockade- 
runner " Ivanhoe," under the guns of Fort Morgan, July 5, 1864 ; surrender 
of Fort Gaines, August 8, 1864 ; bombardment and surrender of Fort Mor- 
gan, August 24, 1864 ; steam-sloop " Kearsarge," European Squadron, 
1865-6. Promoted to Master, November 10,1866; steamer "Frolic," 
European Squadron, 1866-8. Commissioned as Lieidenant, February 21, 
1867. Commissioned as Lieidenant- Commander, March 12, 1868; steam- 
sloop " Ticonderoga " European Squadron, 1868-9; "Swatara" (fourth- 
rate), N. A. Squadron, 1870-1; "Benicia" (second-rate), N. P. Station, 
1872-5; Navy Yard, New York, 1875-6; " Constitution," special service, 
1878-9 ; Navy Yard, New York, 1881-4. Promoted to Commander, July, 
1882; commanding training-ship "Saratoga," 1884-6; Navy Yard, New- 
York, 1886-9; commanding U. S. S. "Kearsarge," N. A. Squadron, 1889; 
Navy Yard, New York, February, 1890, to October, 1892 ; commanding 
"Alliance," October, 1»92, to September, 1893 ; at present on leave of 
absence. 

Dennis Walbach MuUan. — Born in Maryland. Appointed from Ken- 
tucky, September 21, 1860; Naval Academy, 1860-3. Promoted to Ensign, 
October 1, 1863; attached to steam-sloop "Monongahela," West Gulf Block- 
ading Squadron, 1863-5; attacks with various batteries on Texas coast, 
1863-4 ; battle of Mobile Bay, August 5, 1864 ; two attacks on Fort Morgan, 
August, 1864; .present at surrender of Fort Morgan; steamer "Malvern," 
N. A. Station, 1865; steamer "Mohongo," Pacific Squadron, 1865-7. Pro- 
moted to Mader, November 10, 1865 ; steam-sloop " De Soto," North Atlan- 
tic Squadron, 1867-8. Commissioned as Lieutenant, Ftbruary 21, 1867. 
Commissioned as Lieutenant- Commander, March 12, 1868 ; while attached to 
North Atlantic (" De Soto"), selected by Commodore Charles S. Boggs to 
command steamer " Glasgow," then at Pensacola Navy Yard, to co-operate 
with him in suppressing an expedition against Mexico, and then fitting out 
in New Orleans; "Monocacy," Asiatic Station, 1868-71 ; present at the two 



116 COMMANDERS. 

attacks with the batteries on the river in Corea, on June 1 and 10, 1871 ; 
receiving-ship "Independence," 1872-3; "Saco," Asiatic Station, 1873-6; 
navigation duty, Navy Yard, Norfolk, Va., 1877-8; attached to the 
"Adams," Pacific Station, as Executive-Officer in 1879-81 ; while attached 
to the "Adams" was detailed to accompany the Staff of General Baquedano, 
the Chilian Commander-in-Chief, in his operations against Lima, Peru ; was 
present in all the engagements at Chorillos, Miraliores, and other places near 
Lima ; made a report of these operations to the Navy Department. Pro- 
moted to Commander, July 3, 1882 ; in conmiand of the iron-clad fleet of 
seven ships at City Point, James River, Virginia, 1884-7 ; ordered to. com- 
mand the PT. S. ship " Nipsic " on October 1, 1887, and took her via the 
Straits of Magellan to the Pacific Fleet ; in command of the U. S. S. " Nipsic " 
at Samoan Islands during the troublous times with the Germans, and also 
during his stay there gave protection to Mr. John C. Klein, the correspond- 
ent of New York World and Associated Press — (the Germans wished him to 
be sent on board the German man-of-war "Adler," the flag-ship, there to be 
tried by court-martial for an alleged offense, etc.); in command of the U. S. S. 
"Nipsic" during the great Samoan hurricane of March 16, 1889; "Nij)sic" 
only American man-of-war that was saved ; leave of absence, fall of 1889 
and winter of 189D; Light-House Inspector, January, 1891, to date. 

N. Mayo Dyer. — Born at Provincetown, Mass., February 19, 1839. 
Educated in public schools ; served in the merchant service from the age of 
14 to 20 ; enlisted and served in the 4t]i P)attalion Rifles, Mass. Vol. M., and 
13th Regiment Mass Vols., from April, 1861, to April, 1862, with Banks' 
Division, Army of the Potomac; April 4, 1862, appointed an Acting Maders 
Mate in the Navy, reporting May 2, at Charlestown Navy Yard for instruc- 
tion in gunnery. July 7th, ordered to " R. R. Cuyler," on which ship he 
served in the East and West Gulf Squadron until he was, for gallant and 
meritorious conduct, in capturing and burning, on the night of May 17, 1863, 
with a boat's crew from the "R. R. Cuyler," the rebel schooner "Isabel," 
while aground, under the walls of Fort Morgan, bringing off her crew and 
papers; promoted to Acting Ensign, by Admiral Farragut, May 20, 1863, 
and appointed to command the " Eugenie," afterwards called the " Glasgow," 
blockading ofl' Mobile and despatch duty. January 12, 1864, promoted to 
Acting Master in consideration of gallant and faithful service ; July, 1864, 
granted two months' leave; but relinquished it upon arriving at New 
Orleans, en route North, upon learning of the near prospect of an attack upon 
the Mobile forts. Returning oft' IMobile, and soliciting orders, was assigned 
to the " Metacomet," July 19, 1864, in which vessel, as the consort of the 
"Hartford," took part in the passage of the forts and capture of the rebel 
fleet, receiving the surrender of the " Selma " in person. Upon the sun*en- 
der of Fort Morgan accepted his leave, before relinquished, and upon his 
return therefrom, October 28, 1864, Avas ordered to the " Hartford," flag-ship 
of Admiral Farragut. Upon that vessel's return North, December, 18(54, 
Mr. Dyer was appointed to the command of the U. S. S. " Rodolph," with 
which command he co-operated with the forces under General Granger during 
the winter of 1864-5, in their operations against Mobile from Pascagoula, 
rendering important service in this connection in Mississippi Sound and 
Pascagoula River. In the advance upon the defences of jNFobile in the 
spring of 1865, via Blakely, his vessel, the " Rodolph." was sunk by a torpedo 
in Blakely River, April 1, 1865. April 22, 1865, Mr. Dyer was promoted 
to an Acting Volunteer Lieutenant, and u]ion the surrender of tlie rebel fleet 
under Commodore Farrand, in the Tombigbee River, May 10, 1865, Mr. 



COMMANDERS. 117 

Dyer was selected to command successively two of the surrendered vessels, 
the •' Black Diamond " and " Morgan ; " appointed to command the " Elk " 
in June, 1865, and in July ordered to command the '• Stockdale," and 
proceed to Mississippi Sound for the protection of the people along that shore 
and to "cultivate friendly relations with the people lately in rebellion;" 
September, 1865, "Stockdale" ordered to New Orleans to be sold, Mr. Dyer 
was transferred to the " Mahaska " at Apalachicola, Florida ; in October 
detached from the "Mahaska" and ordered to command the "Glasgow" at 
Pensacola; April, 1866, detached and ordered North to report to the Bureau 
of Navigation; on special duty in that Bureau until May, 1868, Commis- 
sioned a Lieutenant in the regular navy, March VI, 1868; July, 1868, 
ordered to the " Dacotah," South Pacific Squadron, joining at Valparaiso, 
August 27. December 18, 1868, commissioned as Lieutenarit-Commmider; 
" Dacotah " being ordered to San Francisco, upon her arrival there Mr. 
Dyer was ordered, September, 1869, to command the "Cyane" and proceed 
to Sitka, Alaska, where he remained until March, 1870, from whence he was 
ordered to San Francisco to join the " Pensacola ; " ordered to " Ossipee," 
July, 1870, on a short cruise to Lower California and the Mexican coast. 
While the " Ossipee " was proceeding North from the Mexican coast she 
encountered a hurricane which left the sea in a troubled state, and in the 
morning whilst making sail a man fell overboard from maintoj)sail-yard, the 
halyards carrying away while hoisting topsails. Striking the lower braces in 
falling, he drifting astern a})parently helpless. Dyer was taking an obser- 
vation on the poop-deck, and, immediately turning a bowline in the end of 
boat fall, jumped into the sea and saved the man from sharks or drowning. 
For this he was officially commended in a special despatch from the Hon. 
Secretary of the Navy, as well as by Commodore W. R. Taylor, Commander- 
in-Chief, and received the silver medal of the Massachusetts Humane Society. 
In September, to the South Pacific Station ; detached and ordered home, Aug. 
22, 1871 ; Nov. 7, 1871, ordered to the Boston Navy Yard ; Sept. 1, 1873, to 
Torpedo School at Newport ; Nov. 24, to command torpedo-boat "Mayflower" 
at Norfolk for duty on the North Atlantic Station ; April 10, 1874, transferred 
to command of the " Pinta;" February, 1876, detached from the "Pinta" 
and ordered as Executive of the " New Hampshire," fitting out at Norfolk, 
for permanent flag-ship at Port Royal; Dec, 1876, detached from "New 
Hampshire," ordered home ; ordered to equipment duty, Boston Navy Yard, 
1877 ; detached from equipment duty and ordered as Executive of R. S. 
"Wabash," August 30, 1878; detached from "Wabash" June 8, 1881; 
ordered as Executive flag-ship " Tennessee," North Atlantic Station ; 
detached from "Tennessee" May 8, 1883, and waiting orders. Promoted to 
Commander, from April 23, 1883 ; ordered as Light-House Inspector at 
Buffalo, New York, from September, 1883, to August, 1887 ; Naval War 
College, September to November, 1>'87 ; to command the " Marion," Asiatic 
Station, November 2, 1887, to May 22, 1800; Inspector Ordnance, Ports- 
mouth Navy Yard, October, 1890, to April, 1893. 

Francis M. Green. — Born in Massachu.eetts, February 23, 1835; in 
merchant service, 1854-61. Appointed from Massachusetts, June, 18, 1861 ; 
entered the service as Acting Mader, in the volunteer navy, June 18, 1861 ; 
attached to sloop " Vincennes," West Gulf Blockading Stpiadron, 1861-2; 
passes of the Mississippi; steam-sloop " Oneida," and commanding steamer 
" Commodore," West Gulf Blockading Squadron, 1863. Promoted to Acting 
Volunteer Lieidenard, April 21,1864; steam-frigate " Niagara," special ser- 
vice, 1864 ; commanding steamer " Louisiana," Sounds of North Carolina, 



118 COMMANDERS. 

North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1864 ; commanding steamer " Boxer," 
1865; capture of Fort Fisher; steamer " Florida," North Atlantic Squad- 
ron, 1866; special duty, Navy Department, 1867; steam-sloop " Guerriere," 
flag-ship. South Atlantic Squadron, 1867-8. Commissioned as Lieutenant- 
Commander, U. S. Navy, December 18, 1868; steamers " Wasp " and "Kan- 
sas," South Atlantic Squadron, 1869; receiving-ship "Ohio," 1869-70; 
"Severn" (second-rate), flag-ship. North Atlantic Squadron, 1870-1; tor- 
pedo service, 1872; commanding " Fortune " (fourth-rate), North Atlantic 
Station; special surveying service, 1873-4; Hydrographic Office, 1875; 
commanding " Gettysburg " (fourth-rate), 1875-6; special astronomical ser- 
vice, Hydrographic Office, 1876-8; commanding "Guard," special astron- 
omical service, 1877-9 ; Hydrographic Office, 1879-81 ; commanding " Palos," 
Asiatic Station, special astronomical duty, 1881-3. Promoted to Commander, 
July, 1883; Navy Yard, Portsmouth, 1883-5; commanding "Yantic," 
North Atlantic Station, 1885-7 ; Navy Yard, New York, 1888-9 ; command- 
ing " Saratoga," school-ship, 1889 to June, 1893 ; Light-House Inspector, 
September, 18^3, to date. 

Charles O' Neil. — Born in England in 1842. Entered the IT. S. Navy 
as Master'' s Mate, in July, 1861, on board the sloop, " Cumberland," and was 
attached to that vessel at the capture of Forts Hatteras and Clarke, August, 
1861, and in the engagement with Confederate iron-clad "Merrimac," March 
8, 1862 ; rescued Lieutenant Morris from drowning, and, being favorably 
mentioned, was promoted to Acting Mader,^^y \, 1862; attached to gun- 
boat " Tioga," during latter part of 1862 to July, 1864; cruised in Wilkes' 
Special West India Squadron, and East Gulf Blockading Squadron ; steamer 
"Rhode Island," North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1864-5; both at- 
tacks on Fort Fisher— favorably mentioned for the same. Promoted to 
Actlnrf Volaideer Lieutenant, May 30, 1865; receiving-ship " Princeton," at 
Philadelphia, part of 1865-6 ; steam-gunboat "Shamrock," European Squad- 
ron, part of 1866-7 — visited west coast of Africa, islands in Atlantic, Spain, 
France, and Italy ; store ship " Guard," European Squadron, part of 1867-8. 
Commissioned as Lieutenant, March 11, 1868. Promoted to Lieutenant- Com- 
mander, December 18, 1868; receiving-ship "Ohio," Boston, 1869; Aide to 
Port- Admiral Hiram Paulding, at Boston, 1870; iron-clad "Dictator," 
North Atlantic Squadron, 1870-1 ; receiving-ship "Boston," 1872; "AVasp" 
(fourth-rate), South Atlantic Squadron, 1873-6; training-ship " Minnesota," 
1876-7; commanding "Supply" (fourth-rate), 1877; "Swatara," Asiatic 
Station, 1877-9 ; ordnance duty, Boston Navy Yard, 1879-82 ; "Richmond," 
Asiatic Station, 1882-4 ; special ordnance duty, 1884-6. Promoted to Com- 
mander, July, 1884; ordnance duty. Navy Yard, New York, 1886-9; com- 
manding "Dol])hin," special service, 1889-90; Navy Yard, Washington, 
March, 1890, to September, 1892 ; General Inspector of the Marblehead, 
September, 1892, to date. 

Casper Frederick Goodrich. — Born in Pennsylvania. Appointed from 
Connecticut, Dec. 9, 1861; Naval Academy, 1861-4; attached to steam- 
frigate "Colorado," flag-ship European Squadron, 1865-7. Promoted to 
Master, December 1, 1866 ; steamer "Frolic," European Squadron, 1867-8. 
Commissioned as Lieutenant, Msixch 12,1868; sloop " Portsmouth," South 
Atlantic Squadron, 1868-71. Commissioned as lAeutenant- Commander, 
December 18,1868; Naval Academy, 1871-3 ; '"Tennessee" (second-rate), 
Asiatic Squadron. 1875-6 ; " Kearsarge" (third-rate), Asiatic Station, 
1876-7; Torpedo Station, 1877-80 ; "Lancaster," European Station, 1881-4; 
Special Inspector of Ordnance, 1884-6. Promoted to Commander, Septem- 



COMMANDERS. 119 

ber, 1884; in charge Torpedo Station, 1886-9. Commanding "Constella- 
tion," November, 1801 to June, 1893. Commanding " Concord," June, 
1893, to date. 

French Ensor Chadwick. — Born in Virginia. Appointed from Vir- 
ginia, Sept. 28, 1861 ; Naval Academy, 1861-4 ; attached to steam-sloop 
"Susquehanna," Brazil Squadron, 1865-6; steam-sloop "Juniata," South 
Atlantic Squadron, 1866-7. Promoted to Master, December 1, 1866; 
apprentice-ship " Sabine," 1868. Commissioned as Lieuteiwnf, March 12, 
1868 ; steam-sloop " Tuscarora," South Pacific Squadron, 1868-70. Commis- 
sioned as Lieutenant- Commander, December 18, 1868; '' Guerriere" (second- 
rate), European Squadron, 1870-2; Naval Academy, 1873-4; "Powhatan" 
(second-rate), N. A. Station, 1875-8; Navy Yard, New York 1879-80; 
Special Light-House Duty, 1880-2 ; Naval Attache, London, 1882-9. Pro- 
moted to Commander, December, 1884; commanding " Yorktown," Squadron 
of Evolution, April, 1889, to July, 1891 ; Special Duty, Navy Department, 
and on Board of Labor Re-organization, July, 1891, to September, 1892; 
Chief Intelligence Officer, September, 1892, to July, 1893 ; Chief Bureau of 
Equipment, with rank of Commodore, July, 1893, to date. 

Theodore Frelinghuysen Jewell. — Born in Georgetown, D. C. Ap- 
pointed Acting Midshipman from Virginia, and entered Naval Academy, Nov. 
29, 1861. Midshipman, July 16, 1862 ; in June, 1863, the invasion of Mary- 
land by Lee's army being imminent and the defences of Washington being 
threatened, was ordered to report to the Commandant of the Washington 
Navy Yard and Potomac Flotilla for duty ; organized a battery of held 
artillery from the crews of the vessels of the Potomac Flotilla, with which he 
served in the defense of the capital until the end of July ; graduated from 
the Naval Academy, November 22, 1864; receiving-ship "Vermont" at 
New York until April, 1865; frigate "Colorado," flag-ship of the European 
Squadron. April, 1865, to December, 1866. Promoted Em>gn, November 1, 
1866. Master, December 1, 1866. Lieutenant, March 12, 1868; steam- 
sloop "Canandaigua " and steamer " Frolic," from December, 1866, to May, 
1868; Hydrographic Office from October, 1868, to May, 1869. Promoted 
Lieutenant- Commander, March 26, 1869; frigate "Sabine," May, 1869, to 
August, 1870 ; Naval Observatory, Sej)tember, 1870, to March, 18*71 ; Naval 
Academy, assistant in Department of Physics and Chemistry, March, 1871, 
to May, 1872; "Tuscarora," from May, 1872, to October, 1874, during 
which assisted in a survey of an inter-oceanic canal route ; served as Execu- 
tive-Officer of the " Tuscarora," daring her deep-sea sounding expedition in the 
North Pacific Ocean ; in command of a force of sailors and marines landed 
at Panama in 1873 for the protection of American property ; also in com- 
mand of a force landed from the "Tuscarora" at Honolulu, in February, 
1874, on the election of Kalakaua as king, the city being in the hands of a 
mob. Naval Academy, Instructor in Physics and Chemistry, December, 
1874, to June 1878 ; in command of steamer " Gedney," Coa.st Survey, June, 
1878 to August, 1879 ; Executive-Officer of frigate "Constitution," training- 
ship for apprentices, August, 1879, to May, 1881 ; Torpedo Station, June, 
1881, to June, 1886. Promoted Commander January 26,1885; commanded 
" Essex," on Asiatic Station, June, 1886, to May, 1889 ; member of Board 
on Organization, etc., October and November, 1889; Inspector of Ordnance 
in charge of Torpedo Station from December, 1889, to January, 1893 ; 
Superintendent of the Naval Gun Factory at Washington Navy Yard, 
January 4, 1893, which is his present duty. 



120 COMMANDERS. 

William Meyhew Folger. — Born in Ohio. Appointed from Oliio, Sept, 
21, 1861; at Naval Academy until November 22, 1864; receiving-ship 
" Nortli Carolina," at New York, and school-ship " Sabine," New London, 
from February 6, 1865, to July 25, 1865; steam-sloop "Hartford," flag-ship 
Asiatic Squadron, July 25, 1865, to August 6, 1868. Promoted to Master, 
December 1, 1866. Promoted to Lieutenant, March 11, 1868. Commissioned 
as Lieutenant- Commander, December 18, 1868; at Norfolk Navy Yard, 
October, 18()8, until ordered to the " Franklin ; " in steam-frigate " Fi-ank- 
lin," flag-ship European Squadron, 1868-71 ; European Fleet, 1872 ; ord- 
nance duty, 1873-4 ; leave Europe, 1875-6 ; " Marion" (third-rate), European 
Station, 1877; Naval Academy, 1877-79; "Swatara," Asiatic Station, 
1879-82 ; Bureau of Ordnance, 1882 ; ordnance duty, Annapolis, 1882-5. 
Promoted to Commander, March 1885 ; commanding ■' Quinnebaug," Euro- 
pean Station, 188(5-88 ; Inspector of Ordnance, Navy Yard, Wasliington, 
1888-90 ; Chief of Bureau of Ordnance, with rank of Commodore, from 
February, 1890, to January, 1893 ; at present on special duty at Compass 
Office. 

Horace Elmer. — Born in New Jersey. Appointed as Acting Midship- 
man from New Jersey, September 21, 1861 ; graduated. 1864 ; steam-sloop 
"Hartford," flag-ship East India Squadron, 1865-8. Promoted to Mader, 
1866. Commissioned as Ueutenant, 1868. Commissioned as Lieutenant- 
Commander, April 27, 1869; "Terror" (iron-clad). North Atlantic Station, 
1870-1; R. S. "Vandalia," 1872; "Colorado," North Atlantic Station, 
1873; "Congress," European Station, 1874-6; torpedo duty, 1877-8; 
" Kearsarge," North Atlantic Station, 1879-82; practice-ship "Constella- 
tion," 1883; Naval Academy, 1883-6. Promoted to Commander, March, 
1885; commanding practice-ship "Jamestown," 1886; Light-House In- 
spector, 1886-9; commanding "Kearsarge," North Atlantic Station, 1889 to 
May, 1892; Inspector Ordnance, Navy Yard, New York, May, 1892, to date. 

Benjamin Peffer Lamberton. — Born in Pennsylvania. Appointed 
from Pennsylvania, Sept. 21, 1861 ; Naval Academy, 1861-5; attached to 
steam-sloop "Susquehanna," Brazil Squadron, 1865-6 ; steam-sloop " Juni- 
ata," South Atlantic Squadron, 1866-7. Promoted to Master, December 1, 
1866; apprentice-ship " Saratoga," 1867-9. Commissioned as Lieutenant, 
March 12. 1867. Commissioned as Lieutenant- Commander, December 18, 
1868; "Mohican" (third-rate). Pacific Fleet, 1870-2; "Dictator" (iron- 
clad). North Atlantic Fleet, 1873-4 ; torpedo service, 1875 ; Navy Yard, 
Boston, 1876 ; Navy Yard, Portsmouth, New Hampshire, 1876-7 ; "Alaska," 
Pacific Station, 1877-9; Bureau of Equipment, 1879-82; "Vandalia," 
North Atlantic Station, 1882-4; Light-House Inspector, 1885-8. Promoted 
to Commander, Sxxne, 1885; Navy Yard, Norfolk, 1888-9; commanding 
train'ng-ship "Jamestown," 1889 to November, 1891 ; Bureau Yards and 
Docks, November, 1891, to date. 

John Schouler. — Born in Massachusetts. Entered Naval Academy, 
from Massachusetts, September 25, 1861 ; w-as graduated November, 1864. 
Ordered to Navy Yard, New York ; attaclied to steam-frigate " Colorado," 
flag-ship European Squadron, 1865-6. Promoted to Master, December 1, 
1866; Steamer "Frolic," European Squadron, 1866-8; commissioned as 
Lieutenant, MiiYch. 12,1868; sloop " Portsmouth," South Atlantic Station, 
1868-70; flag-ship 'Lancaster," same station, 1870. Commissioned as 
Lieutenant- Commander, June 3 1869; Executive of "Terror," (double- 
turret monitor). North Atlantic Station, 1871-2; Hydrographic Office, 
1872-3; Naval Academy, 1873-6; practice-ship "Constellation," 1874*; 



COMMANDERS. 121 

Executive of " Essex," North Atlantic and South Atlantic Stations, 187G-9 ; 
Naval Academy, 1880-84 ; comnmndino; practice-vessel "Mayflower," 1881; 
p]xecutive of " Lancaster," flag-ship, European Station, 1884-5. Commis- 
sioned as Commander, June 8, 1885; Naval Academy, 1885-8 ; commanding 
training-ship " Portsmouth," 1889-91 ; special duty. Bureau of Navigation, 
1891-2; Member of Examining and Retiring Boards, 1893. 

Francis William Dickins. — Born in I3eekmanville, Dutchess County, 
N. Y., Nov. 2, 1844. Entered United States Naval Academy as an Acting 
Midshipman from the Fourth Congressional I^istrict of Connecticut, Septem- 
ber 20, 1861. Promoted to Midshipman, July 16, 1862; was put into an ad- 
vanced class, and graduated in three years, November 22, 1864; on leave 
until February, 1865; tlien on duty on board the receiving-ship "North 
Carolina," until April, 1865, when he reported for duty on board the "Colo- 
rado," flag-ship of the European Fleet. Commissioned as Ensign, November 
1, 1866. Commissioned as Master, December 1, 1866; transferred to the 
"Augusta," March, 1867, and convoyed the monitor " Miantonomali " about 
the Mediterranean, and home via Canaries, Capede Verdes, and West Indies ; 
detached from " Augusta " at New York, July, 1867 ; on leave until October, 
1867, and then ordered to the apprentice-ship 'Sabine;" detached from 
"Sabine," April, 1868, and ordered to the " Tuscarora," fitting out for South 
Pacific Station, at Mare Island, Cal. Commissioned as Lieutenant, March 12, 
1868 ; in June, sailed in " Tuscarora," for South Pacific Station ; on duty 
thereuntil May, 1869, and then " Tuscarora " joined West India Station. 
(^ovam\&%\o\\(i(\ii% Lieuteiiant- Commander, June 12,1869; remained in West 
Indies until January, 1871, and then sailed for Portsmouth, N. H., and went 
out of commission ; on leave until June, 1871, and then ordered to duty at 
U. S. Torpedo Station, at Newport, K. I. ; detached from Torpedo Station, 
January, 1872, and ordered to receiving-ship " Vermont," at New York ; 
detached from " Vermont," March, 1 872, an(l ordered to the "Lancaster," 
flag-ship of South Atlantic Station, but could not go on account of illness; 
on leave until October, 1872, and then joined the " Kansas " as Executive- 
Officer, and sailed on the Nicaragua Inter-oceanic Canal Surveying Expedi- 
tion ; detached from " Kansas," May, 1878 ; on leave until August, 1873, and 
then ordered to Asiatic Station and joined the " Monocacy " as Executive- 
Officer ; when " Monocacy " visited Bangkok, was presented with a silver 
medal by the King of Siam, acceptance of same being authorized by Con- 
gress ; January, 1875, was transferred to the " Kearsarge " as Executive; 
was transferred to " Yantic " for thi'ee months as Executive, and then ordered 
back to the " Kearsarge ;" in April, 1876, was ordered to command the 
"Yantic;" was relieved in August, 187(), and arrived home in December, 
1876 ; on leave until January, 1879, and then ordered to duty at the U. S. 
Naval Academy as Instructor in Mathematics ; commanded the U. S. prac- 
tice steamer "Standish " during the summer cruise of 1879; then rejoined 
the Naval Academy as Instructor in Seamanship, Naval Tactics, and Naval 
Construction; detached from Naval Academy, August, 1880; in December, 
1880, ordered as a member of the board, c(mvened at the Navy Department, 
to determine the dates of precedence of the officers of the Navy; May, 1881, 
ordered to the training-ship "Constitution," flag-ship of the Apprentice 
Training Squadron, as Executive-Officer; detached from " Cf)nstitution," 
October, 1881, owing to an injury from a falling spar; ordered to the U. S. 
Hydrographic Office, December, 1881 ; detached from Ilydrographic Office, 
May, 1882, and ordered to the " Kearsarge" as Executive-Officer, on North 
Atlantic Station ; detached from "Kearsarge," October, 1882, and granted 



122 COMMANDERS. 

leave ; in June, 1883, ordered to command store-sliip "Onward," stationed at 
Callao, Peru ; detached from " Onward," November, 1884, as vessel was sold, 
arriving^ home December, 1884. Commissioned as Commander, September 
28, 1885; employed on several general courts-martial until INIay, 1887, and 
then ordered to command the "Tallapoosa," on the South Atlantic Station; 
detached from " Tallapot)sa," October, 1889, and arrived home November, 
1889; during January, 1890, employed on general court-martial duty at 
Navy Yard, New York ; Navy Yard, Washington, September, 1890-3 ; 
commanding training-ship " IMonongahela," Se])tember, 1893, to date. 

George Francis Faxon Wilde. — Born in Massachusetts. Appointed 
from Massachusetts, Nov. 30, 18()1 ; Naval Academy, 1861-5; attached to 
steam-sloop "Susquehanna," Brazil Squadron, 18()5-6 ; steamer "Nipsic," 
South Atlantic Squadron, 1866-7. Promoted to Mader, Dec. 1, 1866. Com- 
missioned as Lieutenant, March 12, 1868; steam-sloop " Contocook," llag- 
ship, North Atlantic Squadron, 1868-9. Commissioned as Lleutenant- 
Comniamler, December 18, 1868; "Tennessee" Tsecond-rate) special service, 
1871 ; "Wabash," Hag-ship, European Fleet, 1872 ; commanding " Canonicus" 
(iron-clad). North Atlantic fleet, 1873-4; Torpedo Station, 1875; Navy 
Yard, Boston, 1875-7 ; Inspector Ordnance at South Boston, February, 
1878, to 1879 ; " Vandalia," North xVtlantic Station, 1879-81 ; Navy Yard, 
Boston, 1882-3 ; Light-House Inspector, 1883-5. Promoted to Commander, 
October, 1885 ; commanding "Dolphin," North Atlantic Station, 1886-9; 
Light-House Inspector, 1889 to September, 1893 ; at present waiting orders. 
AVhile serving on board U. S. S. " Vandalia." as Executive-Officer, twice 
received letter of thanks from Secretary of Navy. 

Charles Henry Davis. — Born in Massachusetts. Appointed from 
IMassachusetts, November 29, 1861; Naval iVcademy, 1861-4; receiving- 
ship. New York Station, winter of 1864-5 ; attached to steam-frigate 
"Colorado," flag-ship, European Station, 1865-7; "Augusta" (second- 
rate), 1867; and "Idaho" (store-ship), 1867. Promoted Ensifpi, No- 
vember 1, 1866, and llaster, December 1,1866; steam-sloop " Guerriere," 
1867-9; sloop "Portsmouth," 1869-70; both on South Atlantic Station. 
Promoted Lieutenant, March 12, 1868, and LAeutenatit-Comminder, June 30, 
1869 ; receiving-ship, Norfolk, Va., 1871-2; "Omaha" (second-rate), 1872; 
and " Pensacola " (second-rate\ 1873-4, on the Pacific Station; Naval 
Observatory, 1875-7; from 1877 to 1885 connected with the several expe- 
ditions for the determination of difterences of longitude by means of sub- 
marine cables from Europe to the iVtlantic Islands and east coast of South 
America; in India, China, Japan and the Indian Archipelago; in 
Mexico and Central America ; and on the west coast of South America; 
"Powhatan" (second-rate), 1885. Promoted to Commander, October 
30, 1885; commanding sloop "Saratoga" and cruising (training-squad- 
ron), 1886-8; commanding the " Quinnebaug" (third-rate), European 
Station, 1888-9 ; Chief Intelligence Officer, Navy Department, 1889, to Sep- 
tember, 1892. (Jeneral Inspector of Montgomery, December, 1891, to date. 

Bowman Hendry McCalla. — Born in New Jersey. Appointed from 
New Jersey, Nov. 30, 1861; Naval Academy, 1861-4; attached to steam 
sloop "Susquehanna," Brazil Squadron, 1865-6 ; steam-sloop "Brooklyn," 
flag-ship. South Atlantic Squadron, 1866-7. Promoted to Master, Decem- 
ber 1, 1866 ; steam-sloop " Kearsarge," S nith Pacilic Squadron, 1867-8. 
Commissioned as Ijieutenant, March 12, 1868; steam-sloop " Tuscarora," 
South Pacific Squadron, 1H68-71. Commissioned as Lieutenant- Commander, 
December 18, 1868; "Wabash," flag-ship, European Fleet, 1872; " Wa- 



COMMANDERS. 123 

chusett" (third-rate), European Fleet, 1873; Naval Academy, 1875-8; 
"Powhatan," North Atlantic Station, 1878-81; Assistant Bureau Navi- 
gation, 1881-87. Promoted to Coimnander, November, 1884; commanding 
"Enterprise," European Station, 1887 to May, 1890. At present at Navy 
Yard, Mare Island. 

Charles Jackson Train. — Born in Massachusetts. Ai)pointed from 
Massacliusetts, Nov. 27, 1<S()1 ; Naval Academy, 1861-4 ; steam-lVigate " Colo- 
rado," flag-shij), Mediterranean K<]uodron, 186(3-7. Pronioted to Manter, 
December 1, 186(); steam-sloo]) "Frolic," European Hcjuadron, 1868; Com- 
missioned as Lieutenant, March 12, 18()8; steam-frigate "Sabine," special 
cruise, 1869-70. Commissioned as Lieutenant- Coimnander, June 30, 1869; 
Naval Academy, 1871-2; special duty, 1873; special duty (transit of 
Venus), 1874-5; "Tuscarora" (third-rate), N. P. Station, 1H75-6 ; Navy 
Yard, Mare Island, 1877; "Lackawanna" (second-rate), N. P. Station, 
1877; Naval Academy, 1877-81; "Powhatan," special service, 1881-4; 
Bui-eau of E()uipment and Recruiting, 1884-6. Promoted to Commander, 
January, 1886; commanding training-ship "Jamestown," 1886-8; com- 
manding training-ship "Constellation," 1888-9; Light-House Inspector, 
1889 to December, 1892; commanding " Machais," July, 1893, to date. 

Edwin White. — Born in Ohio, and a])pointed from that State to the 
United States Naval Academy, November 29, 1861 ; graduated November, 
18(54; February, 1865, ordered to Navy Yard, New York, and attached to 
receiving-ship "Vermont;" April of the same year ordered to frigate "Colo- 
rado," flag-ship of European Station. Promoted to En>iif/n, November 1, 
1866; to Master, December 1, 186(5; and in March, 1867, ordered to steamer 
"Shamrock," on the same station. Promoted to Lieutenant, March 12, 
1868; on return of the " Shamrock " to the United States, in July, 1868, 
detached, and in September following was ordered to steamer " Yantic " as 
navigator; served in that capacity until November, 18(59, when, her com- 
mander and others having died of yellow fever, the ship was put out of com- 
mission at New York. Promoted to Lieutenant- Commander, September 15, 
1869; Plydrographic Office, Navy De])artment, January to September 1870 ; 
Naval Academy, October, 1870, until A])ril, 1871 ; Navy Yard, Philadel- 
phia, until following Se[)tember, when ordered as Executive-Officer to the 
U. S. S. ■' Kansas; " ship sent to Havana upon report of massacre of students 
in November, wliere she remained for the protection of American citizens 
]>ending an expected outbreak ; March, 1872, the ship detailed to receive on 
board, at Key West, a Nicaraguaa surveying expedition, under command of 
Commander Crossman, and convey the party to Greytown ; Commander 
Crossman, in attempting to land at Greytown, having been drowned, the 
command of the expedition devolved upon Commander Ilatiield, of the 
" Kansas," who landed with the })arty, and directed Lieutenant-Commander 
AVhite to command the ship. While in command, having proceeded to 
Aspinwall for coal and other supplies, he found the Spani.sh man-of-war 
"Pizarro" blockading the Ameri<;an steamer " Virginius," which steamer, at 
that time, had acquired the reputation of having successful ly run the Spanish 
blockade on the (Aiban coast. The nuister of the " Virginius " a|)pealed to 
Lieutenant-Commander White f)r ])rotection, and the Captain of the 
" Pizarro" informed him in person that he had orders to prevent the "Vir- 
ginius" from going to sea. When the "Virginius" was ready for sea, 
Ijieutenant-(Jommander White requested the United States Consul to bring 
her papers to him for examination ; and, having carefully considered the 
case, was convinced that no power had the right to interfere with the 



124 COMMANDERS. 

steamer ; that whatever had been her past record, there was nothing in evi- 
dence at that time which wouki warrant detention by a foreign cruiser. He 
then sent an officer with the Consul to deliver the steamer her papers, and 
informed the commanding officer of the " Pizarro," by letter, that, having 
investigated the present status of the "Virginius," he considered her free to 
sail without molestation, and trusted that no attempt would be made to 
detain her. To this letter no reply was received, and upon the " Virginius " 
making preparations for sea, the '' Pizarro " followed suit. When the " Vir- 
ginius " got under way, the " Kansas," being in readiness for sea, and for 
action as well, was interposed between the "Virginius" and the " Pizarro." 
The latter vessel got under way at once, and the three vessels proceeded to sea 
in that order. After a few hours' run it became evident that the " Pizarro " 
was no match for the " Virginius " in point of speed, and, the master of the 
latter vessel having declared that he feared nothing further from the 
"Pizarro," the " Kansas " returned to Aspinwall, and the " Virginius " pro- 
ceeded to the Venezuelan port for which she had cleared. In relation to the 
protection and convoying to sea of the " Virginius," the Navy Department 
addressed him a letter, saying ; " Your whole course is approved in every re- 
spect;" commanding U. S. S. " Onward," on the Peruvian coast, from Sep- 
tember, 1872, to March, 1875, where, for months at a time, he was senior 
officer during the frequent turbulent periods ; his reports of the condition of 
affairs on shore were commended by the commander-in-chief and by the 
Navy Department ; 1875-7 served on board the U. S. S. " Tennessee," as 
principal aide to Rear- Admiral Reynolds, commander-in-chief on the Asiatic 
Station; 1878, Instruction at Torpedo Station, Newport, R. I. ; 1879-82, In- 
structor in Seamanship, Naval Academy, Annapolis, Md. ; commanded the 
practice-ship " Dale," with naval cadets on board, during the summer of 
1880 ; June, 1882, ordered to the " Hartford," fitting out at Boston, as flag- 
ship, Pacific Station ; served as Executive-Officer until April, 1884, when 
invalided home ; special duty at Navy Department, December, 1884, to April, 
1885; May, 1885, Training Station, Newport, R. I. Promoted to Com- 
mander^ March 4, 1886 ; during summer of 1886, in attendance at Torpedo 
Instruction, Newport, R. I. ; December 10, 1886, to October, 1888, command- 
ing training-ship *' Portsmouth," with naval apprentices, cruising to the coast 
of Europe during the summer months, and in the winter through the Wind- 
ward West India Islands ; November 1, 1888, ordered as Equipment-Officer, 
at the Navy Yard, Portsmouth, N. H. ; ordered to the command of the U. S. 
S. " Concord," April, 1892. Ascended the Mississippi River to Memphis, 
Tenn., to participate in the celebration of the opening of the bridge across 
the river at that point. Afterwards went to Cairo, Illinois, and anchored in 
the Ohio River. This novel cruise for a vessel of sixteen feet draft attracted 
much attention throughout the country ; on the return of the ship to the sea, 
stopped at all important river turns ; much enthusiasm prevailed and the 
display of patriotism at sight of a national vessel in those waters was very 
marked. Cruised with the North Atlantic Squadron, during summer of 1892 ; 
proceeded under telegraphic orders to Venezuela, September, 1892, to pro- 
tect American interests during a prolonged revolution, and where our mail 
steamers had been interfered with ; on the arrival of Admiral Walker, 
ordered to Colon to restore the traffic on the Isthmus, which had been inter- 
rupted by local authority. Attached to the fleet of Admiral Gherardi, in 
March, 1893, and participated in the Naval Review at Hampton Roads and 
New York, July 17, 1893 ; ordered as Equipment Officer of the Navy Yard, 
New York. 



COMMANDERS. 125 

Oscar Frederick Heyerman. — Born in Prussia, Feb. 17, 1844. Ap- 
pointed Adiiig Midshipman from Michigan, November 29, 1861. Appointed 
Acting Midshipman, July 16. 1862; at Naval Academy to graduation, 
November 22, 1864; U. S. R. S. '-Vermont," New York, 1865; U. S. F. S. 
" Colorado,' 1865-66, European Station. Commissioned Ensign, November 
1, 1866. Commissioned Master, December 1, 1866. Commissioned Lieuten- 
ant, March 12, 1868 ; U. 8. S. " Canandaigua," 1867-9, European Station; 
U. S. S. "Michigan," 1869. Commissioned Lieutenant- Commander, Octo- 
ber 13,1869; U. S. F. S. "Colorado," 1870-3, Asiatic Station; ordnance 
duty, New York, 1873-5; U. S. S. "Alert," 1875; U. S. S. "Marion, No- 
vember, 1875, to April, 1876 ; U. S. S. " Monongahela," April, 1876, to July, 
1876; U.S. S."Swatara," November, 1876, to December, 1877; U. S. R. S. "New 
Hampshire," November, 1878, to June, 1881 ; U. S. R. S. " Colorado," June, 
1881, to June, 1882 ; U. S. F. S. " Pensacola," June, 1882, to May, 1884 ; in 
command from May 24 to July 10, 1883, Pacific Station. Commissioned 
Commander, May 19, 1886 ; U. S. S. " Yantic," in command, November, 
1887, to February, 1889, North Atlantic Station ; Light-House Inspector, 
Eleventh District, October, 1889, to October, 1892 ; member Board of In- 
spection, October, 1892, to September, 1893 ; commanding Kearsarge, Sep- 
tember, 1893, to date. 

George Wood Pigman. — Born in Indiana. Appointed from Indiana, 
September 28, 1861; Naval School, 1861-4; steam-sloop "Brooklyn" flag- 
ship, Brazil Squadron, 1866-7. Promoted to Master, December 1,1866; 
steam-sloop " Kansas," South Atlantic Squadron, 1868. Commissioned as 
Lieutenant, March 12, 1868. Commissioned as Lieutenant- Commander, 
October 28, 1869 ; (iron-clad) " Saugus," North Atlantic Fleet, 1870 ; Naval 
Academy, 1871-3; "Hartford," flag-ship, Asiatic Station, 1873-5 ; Naval 
Observatory, 1876-8; " Wachusett," South Atlantic Station, 1879-82; 
Hydrographic Office, 1882-4; Torpedo Station, 1884-5; "Tennessee," North 
Atlantic Station, 1885-6. Promoted to Commander, October, 18s6 ; com- 
manding "Alliance," South Atlantic Station, 1888-9 ; League Island Navy 
Yard, 1890, to October, 1891 ; commanding Monitors, at Richmond, Va., 
March, 1892, to date. 

Thomas Nelson. — Born at sea. Appointed from Pennsylvania, January 
1, 1862 ; entered the service as Acting Master s Mate ; attached to the steamer 
"Currituck," Potomac Flotilla, 1862-4, co-operating with the Army of the 
Potomac. Promoted to Acting Ensign, November, 1862 ; temporarily de- 
tached from the " Currituck," and ordered to duty as Signal-Oilicer of the 
steamer " Wachusett," on a passage from Philadelphia to Port Royal, S. C , 
having the ironclad " Sangamon " in tow, January, 1864 ; on arrival at Port 
Royal, returned to duty on board the " Currituck ; " steamer " Commodore 
Read," February, 1864, to June, 1864; commanded the steamer "Dragon," 
Potomac Flotilla, from June 1, 1864, to October 8, 1864; commanded the 
steamer " Mercury," blockade duty at the Great Yeocomisto River and 
adjoining creeks of Virginia, from October 8, 1864, to January 27, 1865, 
keeping in check and eventually diiving off the home guards and Chesapeake 
Bay pirates. Promoted to Acting Master, March 27, 1865 ; commanding 
the steamer "Coeur de Lion" until the close of the war; Navy De[)artment, 
1865-6; steamer "Don," as Navigator, January, 1866 to August 7, 1''S66 ; 
steamer "Pensacola," Pacific Squadron, August 7, 1866, to October, 1867 ; 
steamer "Penobscot," West India Squadron, as Navigator, December 9, 
1867, to July 9, 1869. Promoted to Master, March 12, 1868. Commissioned 
as Lieutenant, December m, iy6S; S. S. "New Hampshire," as Executive- 



126 CO^nrAXDERS. 

Officer, from September, 1SG9, to June, 1870. Commissioned as Lieideuanf- 
Commander, January 25, 1870 ; " Suco " (fourth-rate), N. A. Fleet, 1870-3 ; 
leave, Europe, 1874 ; "Franklin," flag-ship, European Squadron, 1875-6; 
Hydrographic Office, 1877-80; "Alaska," Paciflc Station, 1881-3; Hydro- 
graphic Office, 1883-4 ; commanding '' Palos," Asiatic Station, 18S4-7. 
Promoted to Commander, December, 1886 ; Mare Island Navy Yard, 1888, 
to March, 1892; commanding "Adams," March, 1892. to date. 

John McGowan. — Born in Delaware. Appointed from Xew Jersey; 
entered the service as an acting volunteer officer ; was engaged during the 
Rebellion. Appointed to the regular navy Avith rank of Master, 1867 , re- 
ceiving-ship "Philadelphia," 1868. Commissioned as Lieutenant, December 
18, 1868; steam-sloop " Unadilla," Asiatic Fleet, 1869; steam-sloop " Iro- 
quois," Asiatic Fleet, 1870. Commissioned as Licnte)ia)it-Conimander. 1870 ; 
"Terror" (iron-clad\ N. A Fleet, 1871; Navy Yard. Philadelphia. 1872 ; 
'• AVachusett " (^third-rate). European Station, 1873 ; " Juniata " i^third-rate), 
European Station, 1874--5; service, Europe. 1876; Hydrographic Office, 
1876-8; " Marion," European Station, 1879-82; Xaval Rendezvous. Phila- 
delphia, 1883-5 ; Navy Yard, New York, 1885-7. Promoted to Com- 
mander, January, 1887; commanding "Swatara," S. A. Station, 1887-8; 
commanding " Swatara," Asiatic Station, 1889-90 ; commanding school ship, 
**St. Mary's." January, 1891, to date. 

James G. Green. — Entered the volunteer service as an Acting En-^^ign, 
and at close of the Rebellion Avas transferred to the regular navy. Com- 
missioned as Lieutenant-Commander. J\.i\y o. 1S~0; Asiatic Fleet. 1870-1; 
"Saco" (third-rate), Asiatic Station. 1872-6; commanding •■ Palos." Asiatic 
Station, 1877-81; Hydrographic Office, 1881-3; "Galena." X. A. Station, 
1883-6. Promoted to Commander. 3Iarch, 1887 ; Torpedo Station. 1886-7 ; 
commanding "Alert." January. 1889. to August, 18b0; Light-House In- 
spector. August. 1890, to date. 

George E. Wingate. — Entered the service as Acting Ensign in 1863; 
served on Blockading Squadron during the Rebellion ; transferred to the 
regular navy at end of war. Commissioned as Lieutenant- Commander, July 
13, 1S70 ; torpedo service, 1872 ; R. S. "New Hampshire," 1874 ; command- 
ing "Ajax" (iron-clad), N. A. Station, 1875-6; "Adams" (second-rate), 
S. A. Station. 1877-80 ; Navy Yard, Boston, 1880-82; "Brooklyn," S. A. 
Station, 1882-4; in charge of Nitre Depot, Maiden. 1884-7. Promoted to 
Commander, ^lay, 1887; commanding store-ship "Monongahela." 1887-90; 
commanding "Ranger." November. 1890. to December. 1891 ; commanding 
'•^Michigan." December. 1891, to April. 1893; Light-House Inspector, April, 
1893, to date. 

Joshua Bishop. — Born in ^Missouri. Appointed acting Jfidshipman 
from ^lissouri, September 20. 1854 ; Naval Academy, 1854-8. Commis- 
sioned Lieutenant, April 19, 1861. Special duty htting gunboat flotilla in 
Cincinnati. June and Jtdy. 1^61. and at St. Louis, August, 1861. Execu- 
tive-Officer gunboat "A. O. Taylor." 1861. and Benton. 1861-2; com- 
manding gunboat " General Bragg." 1862-3 ; " Tuscarora "" N. A. Blockading 
Squadron, 1863-4; Naval xVcademy, 1864-5. Commissioned Lieutenant- 
Commander, March 3, 1865; "Wyoming" Asiatic Squadron. 1865-8; de- 
clared to be out of naval service from February 8, 1868. By Act of Con- 
gress appointed Lieidenant- Commander, March 1. 1871; Paciflc Station, 
"Saranac," " Pensacola." and " Benicia," 1871-4; Torpedo Station. 1875 ; 
N. A. Station. "Plymouth," 1875-6; receiving-ship "Franklin," 1877-80; 
European and S. A, Stations; "Galena," 1880-3 ; training-ship " Minnesota," 



COMMANDERS. 127 

] 884-6. Promoted Conunander, August 25,1887; ordnance duty, Norfolk 
Navy Yard, 1887-9 ; comuuinding " InHjuois," I'acific Station, 188U-yi ; 
Kavlil Observatory, 18'Jl-o. I'artieipated in battles of Belmont, Fort 
Donelsoii, Cohunbus, Island Ao. 10, Fort Pillow, and Mcni])his, in 18(52 ; 
and in military operations along the Mississippi Kiver in 18()2-o ; was given 
command of captured gunboat '' General Jiragg " at termination of battle 
of ]Mem])his, June ti, J 8(52, for highly meritorious and distinguished con- 
duct in that and preceding actions. The " General Bragg " had been 
boarded and sei/.ed by a party under his command at the termination of 
the battle. The vessel was on lire and in a sinking condition, with a 
lighted train to the nuigazine, which was cut oif and put out by Bislio]). 

Felix McCurley. — Born in l^altimore, Maryland. Appointed as Aciing 
Ma4t'r,^o\('\\\\w\-, L'>, 18(51; ordered to II. S. S. "Winona;" attached to 
"Winona," West Gulf Bcpuulron, 18(51-2 ; engaged in the attack on Forts 
Jackson and St. Philij), April 24, 18(32 ; in the attack and passage of Yicks- 
burg batteries, June 28, 18(52 ; in engagement witli iron-clad " Arkansas," 
above Vicksburg ; attack on and passage of Vicksburg batteries, July 15, 
18(}2, besides in various skirmisiies on the Mississippi Iviver ; October 12, 1863, 
engaged in lights with Fort Morgan, while in comnumd of steamer " Eugenia " 
(Glascow) ; 1863-4, attached to U. S. steam-sloop "Lackawanna," engaged 
in the attack and passage of Forts Morgan and Gaines, and subse(|uent en- 
gagement in JNlobile Bay with the iron-clad " Tennessee " and other vessels of 
the (.'onfcderate Fleet. Promoted to Aciing Vohuiteer Lieutenant, November 
9,1864; attached to U. S S. " Chocura,"' W^est Gulf Squadron, 18(55-7; 
July 5, 1867, to July, 1870, attached to U. S. S. " (^uinnebaug," South At- 
lantic Squadron. Commissioned as Master. JNIarch 12, 1868. Commissioned 
iis Lieutenant, December 18, 1868. Commissioned as Lieutenant- C(»)i inander, 
March 2, 1870 ; July, 1870, to February, 1871, on duty at Ilydrographic 
Office, Washington ; February to August, 1871, U. S. S. " Worcester," Eu- 
ropean Station ; August, 1871-3, on duty at Hydrographic Office, Washing- 
ton ; August, 1873, to Jvdy, 1876, attached to U. S. S. "Alaska," European 
Squadron ; April, 1877, to October. 1877, attached to U. S. S. frigate " Frank- 
lin ;" Torpedo Station, 1877-8; commanding "Fortune" special service, 
1878-9; R. S. "Wabash," 1881-2; K. S. "Franklin," 1883-6. Promoted to 
Commander, January, 1887 ; commanding iron-clads. City Point, Va , 1889- 
90; commanding " Nipsic," Pacific Station, November, 1890, to May, 1891 ; 
conuuanding "Alliance," Asiatic Station, May, 1891, to July, 1892, during 
which time rescued the crews of two shipwrecked Chinese vessels at sea, re- 
ceiving letters of thanks from Chinese authorities on both occasions ; Equip- 
ment Officer, Navy Yard, League Island, April, 1893, to date. 

John K. Winn. — Born in Massachusetts, August 31, 1833; educated in 
])ublic schools and left school at an early age ; some years later entered the 
merchant service, engaged principally in the East India and Bi-azilian trades ; 
at breaking out of war was chief mate. In August, 1861, enlisted for one year 
in the U. S. Navy and served in various ]ietty offices on board the U. S. S. 
" Ino," then searching for the Confederate steamer " Sumter." In July, 1862, 
was discharged and in September was appointed Ading 3Iaster's Mate, U. S. 
N., and placed on temporary duty on the " Macedonian " at Boston ; assisted in 
taking the '' Santee " from Boston to Newport, R. I., for use at the Naval School 
there ; was afterward detailed and acted as watch and division officer on 
board the " McDonough," which served in the inland waters near Charleston, 
S. C. ; was present during the whole siege of that place, and was on detached 
duty as scout about the harbor, serving part of the time with army officers. 



128 COMMANDERS. 

June, 1863, promoted to Acting Ensign. August, 1864, promoted to Acting 
Master, and in September was detached from " McDonough," and rejwrted 
for duty on board iron-clad " Nantucket ; " in October was detached sick and 
ordered North ; in November ordered to the U. S. S. '■ liat," as Executive- 
Officer ; served in her in the North Atlantic Squadron ; while attached to 
this vessel she was detailed as convoy to the steamer " River Queen," which took 
President Lincoln to City Point, Va., and was present with him when he 
entered Richmond after the surrender, then convoyed him on his return to 
Washington only two days previous to his assassination. The "Bat" also 
had the honor of returning to Newberne, carrying back General Sherman 
and his start' after the memorable midnight visit to Genei'al Grant. May, 
1865, detached from "Bat," at Washington, and ordered to " Seneca," at 
Norfolk, and later, in the month of June, was detached and granted leave 
preparatory to honorable discharge, but, on June 28, was ordered to " Inde- 
pendence," at Mare Island. August, 1865, promoted to Acting Volunteer 
Lieutenant ; detached from " Independence," and ordered to duty on." Sara- 
nac," and was returned to duty on " Independence," October, 1867 ; 
in November ordered to the "Newberne," and in March, 1868, transferred, 
with officers and crew, to the U. S. S. " Gettysburg ; " June 25, received com- 
mission as Master in Regular Navy, and immediately promoted to Lieutenant^ 
having fulfilled the requirements as to length of service. The " Gettysburg " 
was attached to the West India Squadron, and detailed to make deep-sea 
soundings from the south side of Cuba to Jamaica and Aspinwall for tele- 
graph cable, and also assisted in laying cable from Key West to Havana; 
was put out of commission at New York, November, 1869, and granted leave 
for two months ; January, 1870, ordered to " Yantic," at New York, and fitted 
out for taking deep-sea soundings for the first cable.connecting the ^\"est India 
Islands and South America (Demerara) ; afterward employed mostly about 
San Domingo during the prospect of the purchase of Samana Bay scheme ; 
1871, detached, '• Yantic" going out of commission; in September, ordered 
to receiving-ship " Ohio," at Boston ; 1873, detached, and ordered to " Wyo- 
ming," at Key West, surveying on Mexican coast ; July, 1873, detached at 
own request ; ordered to " Pawnee," at Key West ; in September, by death 
of commanding officer, was left in command, which he held until September, 
1876 ; was then detached at own request and was waiting orders until July 
24, 1877 ; telegraphic orders to join the iron-clad " Nahant," at Philadel- 
phia, for riot duty ; August 20, detached and ordered home ; August 25, 
ordered to "Wabash," at Boston; February 8, 1878, detached at own 
request. June 18, received commission as Lieutenant- Command er; from 
December 11, 1877, to July 24, 1878, Court Martial duty ; August 1, ordered 
to duty at Navy Yard, Boston ; October, 1879, detached and ordered to com- 
mand Naval Station, Key West, Fla., and until November, 1881, was on 
various special duties (additional) ; November 5, ordered to duty (addi- 
tional) as Light-House Inspector of Seventh District; November, 1883, de- 
tached from Naval Station; December 31, detached as Light-House 
Inspector, and ordered home; February, 1884, special duty. Bureau of 
Yards and Docks, Navy Department ; July, 1884, ordered to receiving-ship 
" Vermnnt," at New York ; August, 1885, detached, and ordered to com- 
mand Naval Station, Key West, Fla.; 1887 (additional), temporary duty as 
Light-House Inspector Seventh District; was relieved from that duty 
November 23, 1887 ; 1888, promoted to Commander, and orders to duty 
at Key West have been renewed up to present time. 



COMMANDERS. 129 

Charles H. Rockwell. — Waa born in Chatham, Massachusetts, April 
29, 1840. He entered the naval service of the United States as an Acting 
Master, July 5, 18G2 ; served on board the receiving-ship " North Cai'olina" 
for a few weeks, and was then ordered to the U. S. steamer " Penguin ; " 
served as Executive-Officer on that ship in the East Gulf Squadron until May 
10, 1h63, when he was ordered to the U. 8. schooner " Wanderer ; " on July 
(i, 1863, he was detaclied from the " Wanderer " and ordered to command 
the U. S. schooner " Two Sisters ; " during the time that he held this command 
active and important services were performed on the west coast of Florida, 
calling forth a commendatory letter from the Commander-in-Chief, who 
recommended JSIr. Rockwell for promotion; December 16, 1863, the Depart- 
ment promoted him to Acting Volunteer Lieutenant, " in consideration of 
good service ; " on December 29, 1863, Lieutenant Rockwell was detached 
from the command of the " Two Sisters " and ordered to command the bark 
" Gem of the Sea ; " on November 5, 1864, Mr. Rockwell was detached from 
the command of the " Gem of the Sea," and ordered to command the U. S. 
steamer 'Hendrick Hudson;" while in command of this ship, and of the 
force blockading ott' St. Marks, Florida, he organized and directed an expe- 
dition against rebel salt works, dispersing the armed force at the entrance to 
the river, and destroying a large amount of property. This called forth 
another letter of commendation from the Commander-in-Chief. On February 
22, 1865, an expedition under Brigadier-General John Newton was organized to 
operate in the vicinity of St. Marks, and at the request of General Newton, 
Lieutenant Rockwell was a-i^signed to duty with the expedition, and was 
appointed Naval Aide on the Stall of the Commanding-General, and placed 
in charge of the transportation ,of the troops. The forces landed at St. 
Marks, and an engagement foUowed at Newport, and a bloody battle at a 
point known as Natural Bridge, eight miles below Tallahassee. In this 
expedition, Lieutenant Rockwell served constantly on the Staff of General 
Newton, receiving from him a letter of thanks for his services on the return 
of the expedition. Resuming command of the " Plendrick Hudson," he was 
on March 27, 1865, promoted to the grade of Acting Volunteer Lieutenant- 
Covmiander. He remained in command of this ship until August 8, 1865, 
when he was detached and granted four months' leave of absence, and was 
honorably discharged from the naval service December 8, 1865. In Novem- 
ber, 1866, Mr. Rockwell was examined for the regular service, and on the 
19th of that month was re-appointed Acting Madtr in the Navy ; he served 
on board the U. S. steamer "Osceola" in the West Indies until September, 
1867 ; in October of that year he took passage in the U. S. S. "Idaho " to 
Brazil, and served on the flag-ship " Guerriere " until her return to the 
United States in July, 1869. On March 12, 1868, he was commissioned a 
Master in the regular service, and on December 18, of the same year, was 
promoted to Lieutenant. After a short service on the receiving-ship " Van- 
dalia" at Portsmouth, New Hampshire, he was ordered to the U. S. S. 
" Palos," and proceeded in her to China, commanding her there until Octo- 
ber, 1872, when he returned to the United States in the " Alaska." During 
the time Lieutenant Rockwell was in command of the " Palos " he partici- 
l^ated in the actions with the Corean forts in the expedition under the com- 
mand of Rear- Admiral John Rodgers. From March, 1873, until Se{)tember, 
1874, he was on duty at the Portsmouth Navy Yard ; from the latter date 
until April, 1875, he served on the " Plymouth" and "Colorado," and on 
June 1, 1875, became Light-House Inspector of the Fourteenth Light-House 
District. On June 1, 1876, was ordered as Executive of the U. S. S. 



130 COMMAXDERS. 

" Adams." On February 26. 1878. was promoted to Lkndenant- Commander; 
served at Torpedo Scluwi. and on May 1 joined U. S. S. '■ Jamestown " as 
Executive , and served in that ship in Ah\ska until September, 1881 ; was 
on duty at the Boston Navy Yard until October 1, 1882 ; 1883, was on the 
receiving-ship '"Franklin." at Norfolk. Virginia; in September, 1884, took a 
large draft of men to the Isthmus for the Pacitic Squadron ; was again at 
theXorpedo School in 1885, and at the War College ; irom April, 188l>. to 
October, 188.S, servetl on the training-ship '"Minnesota" at New York; 
October 31, 1888. was promoted to Commander, and February 20, 1889, took 
command of the U. S. S. '" Yantic," until October. 1891. Commanding R, 
S. "St. Louis " from October. lSt»l, to date. 

James McQueen Forsyth. — Born on Long Island, Bahamas, January 
1, 1842. Came to Philadelphia in September, 1853 ; educated in the jniblic 
schools of Philadelphia, and at the age of tifteen went to sea in the merchant 
service; entered the United States Navy on August 1, 1861, as a volunteer 
with Commander H. S. Stellwagen, V. S. Navy, who appointed him Second 
Class Pilot for the Hatteras Expedition ; favorably mentioned by Com- 
mander Stellwagen in official dispatch at capture of Forts Clark and Hat- 
teras. Appointed as Acting lya^ter's Mate, Se|)tember 25, 1861 ; served 
through the Rebellion, being attached at various times to the North and 
South Atlantic and AVest Gulf Squadrons; participated in the engagements 
under Farragut, on the Missi?si{)pi, from Forts Jackson and St. Philip to 
Vicksburg, the %ht at Grand Gulf and engagements with rebel ram "Ar- 
kansas." For good service in these actions, was recommended for promotion 
by Commander John De Camp, and {>romoted to Acting Ensign, September 
5,1862; while attached to the "Water-Witch," "Pawnee," and monitor 
"Nantucket," in the South Atlantic Squadron, took part in expetlitions up 
St. John's River, and in various engagements Avith Sumter, ^Moultrie, and 
the other fortifications in Charleston Harbor. Promoted to Acting Master, 
August 1, 1864 ; was one of the officers detailed to bring North the captured 
rebel ram "Columbia," in May, 1865 ; served as Navigator and Executive- 
Officer of the U. 8. S. "Nyack," Pacific Squadron, 1865-8. Commissioned 
as Ma,<!ter in the regular navy, March 12, 1868, and as Lieutenant, December 
18,1868; Executive-Officer, LT. S. S. "Purveyor," special service, 1868-9 ; 
receiving-ship " Potomac," May, 1S69-70 ; Navigator and Executive, iron- 
clad "Saugus," North Atlantic Squadron, in 1870; Executive, iron-clad 
" Ajax," 1871; Navy Yard, Philadel[)hia, May, 1871, to December, 1872; 
Executive-Officer, U. S. S. "Sujij^ly," special service, Vienna Exposition, 
from January to December, 1873 ; Navy Yard, Philadelphia. December, 
1873, to ^larch, 1874; Navigating-Officer, steam-sloop "Powhatan," North 
Atlantic Sipiadnm, iSIarch, 1874, to February, 1877; sick-leave, February, 
1877, to ]May, 1877; Torpedo Instruction, June to October, 1877 ; navigalion 
duty, League Island, 1877-80. Promoted to Lieutenant-Commander, ]May 9, 
1878; E.xecutive-Officer, U. S. S. "Constellation," special service, Irish 
relief, INlarch, 1880, to June, 1880 ; waiting orders, July, 1880, to February, 
1881; Executive-Officer, receiving-ship "Colorado," March, 1881, to June, 
1881; Navigating and Executive-Officer, U. S. S. "Lancaster," flag-ship, 
Mediterranean Squadron, Julv, 1881, to September, 1884; leave from 
November, 1884, to April, 1885 ; Ordnance-Officer, League Island, May, 
1885, to June, 1886; Assistant to Executive. United States Naval Home, 
June 1886, to July, 1889. Promoted to Commander, February 14, 1889 ; 
ordered to conunand school-ship " Saratoga," March, 1889 ; orders revoked 
at his own request, June 26, 1889 ; July 16, 1889, ordered to command the 



COMMANDERS. 131 

IT. S. S. " Tal]iipoo?a," Brazil Squadron, ^vhere he served until 1892; Naval 
Home, Philadelphia, l<s;)2, to date. 

George Albert Converse. — Born in Vermont. Appointed an Acling 
il/(V/.s7i/y)»ia?*, at Naval Academy, September 2!), 1861 ; graduated in 1865; 
steam-sloo])V'Canand.iigua," European Squadron, IMidsliipman and Watch- 
Officer, 1865-68; steamer "Frolic,'' European Station, Executive Officer, 
1868-69. Promoted to Ensign, December 1, 1866; blaster, March 12, 1868 ; 
Lieutenant, March 26, 1869; Torpedo Service, 1869-71; " Coh)rado," 
"Lackawanna," "Hartford," Asiatic Station, 1872-73; Torpedo 
Station, 1874-77; "Marion," European Station, Executive Officer, 
1877-79. Promoted to Lieutenant- Commander, July, 1878; sick leave, 
1880-82; "Lancaster," European Station, 1888-84; Torpedo Station, 
1885-88. Promoted to Commander, March, 1889 ; Inspector of Construction 
of Torpedo Boats, 1889, to July, 1890; Commanding "Enterprise," July, 

1890, to August, 1891; Bureau of Ordnance and President of Torpedo 
Board, August, 1891, to January, 1898; charge of Torpedo Station and 
President of Torjicdo Board, January, 1893, to date. 

Royal Bird Bradford. — Born in Maine. Appointed an Acting Mid- 
shij>m<in at Naval Academy, Nov. 28, 1861 ; graduated, 18()5; " Swatara " 
and " Rhode Island " (flag ship). West India Scjuadron, 1865-6. Promoted 
to Ensign, December 1, 1866; steam-sloop "Iroquois," Asiatic Squadron, 
1867-9; "Delaware" (flag-ship), Asiatic Squadron, 1870. Promoted to 
Master, March 12 1868, and to Lieutenant, March 26, 1869 ; torpedo service, 
1871-2; " Wabash" (flag-ship) European Squadron, 1873; " P'ranklin " 
(flag-ship), European Stjuadron, 1S74 ; Torpedo Station, as Instructor in tor- 
pedo warfare, 1875-6; Executive Officer of the "Alliance" (third-rate), 
European Squadron, 1877-9. Promoted to Lieutenant- Commander, Novem- 
ber 30, 1878 ; Tor})edo Station as Instructor, 1880-3 ; Executive Officer 
of the "Trenton" (flag-ship), Asiatic Station, 1883-5 ; special duty, New- 
port, 18S5-6 ; Naval Inspector Electric Lighting, 1886-7 ; Assistant, Bureau 
of Navigation, 1887-89. Promoted Commander, March 26, 1889; Naval 
Inspector Electric Lighting, 1889-90; commanding " Bennington," June, 

1891, to November. 1893. While in command of the " Bennington," the 
latter was sent to South America as one of the squadron to protect American 
interests at the time of the threatened war with Chili, 1891-92 ; attended all 
the Columbus celebrations in Europe in 1892 ; convoyed Columbus caravels 
" Pinta " and " Nina " from Barcelona to Palos ; convoyed the "Pinta" 
from Cadiz, Spain, to Havana; participated in the Naval Review Fleet, 
1893 ; member P)oard of Inspection and Survey, November, 1893, to date. 

George R. Durand.— Born in Connecticut. Appointed from Rhode 
Island, and rated Mader's Mite, October 26. 1861 ; steamer " Mystic," N. A. 
B. Squadron, ])art of 1861-2. Appointed Acting Master, April 14, 1862; 
Executive, steamer " Mohawk," S. A. B. Squadron, part of 1862-3, and com- 
manding same vessel latter half of 1863 ; Executive, sloop " John Adams " 
and steamer " Paul Jones," i)art of 1864, same squadron ; in July, 1^(\A, 
while on an expedition up the Ogeechee River, Georgia, with two men and a 
guide, to endeavor to burn the steamer '■ Water- Witch," lately captured from 
us by the enemy, was captui'ed by a company of Confederates, thirty-four men ; 
Avas confined in Savannah and JNIacon, Ga., Charleston, S. C, and Libby 
Prison, Richmond, A^a ; Navigator, then Executive, steamer " Muscoota, ' 
Gulf Sfjuadron, 1865-6. Promoted to Acting Volunteer Lieutenant, June 
27, 1866 ; Executive, steamer " Penobscot," New York, latter part of 1866 ; 
Navigator, then Executive, steamer "Osceola," West Indies, 1867; Execu- 
tive, steamer " Maumee," 1867-8. Commissioned as Master in regular navy 



132 COMMANDERS. 

from March 12, 1868; receiving-ship "New Hampshire," Norfolk, 1868; 
Navigator, steamer " Ashueh)t," Asiatic Squadron, 1869. Commissioned as 
i('eufemwf, from December 18, 1868; receiving-ships ''Vermont," at New 
York, and " Vandalia," at Portsmouth, N. H., 1870 ; commanding steamer 
" Speedwell," at Portsmouth, N. H., 1871 ; Executive, steamer '' Nipsic," 
Gulf and West Indies, 1871-2 ; receiving-ships " Vermont," at New York, 
and '• Ohio," at Boston, 1873 ; again commanding steamer " Speedwell," at 
Portsmouth, N. H., part of 1873-4; receiving-ship " Ohio," 1874; command- 
ing iron-clad steamer '' Mahopac," N. A, Station, 1874-6 ; iron-clad steamer 
" Canonicus," New Orleans, part of 1874 ; receiving-ship '' Wabash," Boston, 
1877. Gonximhsioned n.s. Lieutenant- Commander, h-om November, 25, 1877; 
commanding iron-clad steamer " Lehigh," N. A. Station, 1877-82 ; Execu- 
tive, '• Alliance," N. A. Station, 1883-6 ; iron-clads, James River, 1886-9. 
Promoted to Commander, March, 1889; Light-House Inspector, 1889 to 
May, 1892 ; commanding " Alert," November, 1892, to April, 1893 ; sick 
leave, April, 1893, to date. 

Francis Morgan Barber. — Born in Ohio. Appointed an Acting Mid- 
shipman at Naval Academy, Dec. 27, 1861; graduated, 1865 ; " Swatara " 
(third-rate). West India Squadron, 1866. Promoted to Ensign, December 
1, 1866 ; frigate " INIiiuiesota," special service, 1867-8. Promoted to Master, 
March 12, 1868, and commissioned as Lientennnt, March 26, 1869 ; '■ Yan- 
tic" (fourth-rate), N. A. Squadron, 1 868-9 ; "Michigan" (fourth-rate), on' 
the lakes, 1870-1 ; torpedo duty, 1872-4; commanding "Alarm" (fourth- 
rate), special service, 1875; "Vandalia," N. A. Fleet, 1875-6; "Alert" 
(second-rate), Asiatic Station, 1877-9. Fromoted to Lieutennnt-Comm'inder, 
January, 1879; " Quinnebaug," European Station, 1880-3; member Ad- 
visory Board, 1883-5; leave of absence, 1885-9. Promoted to Commnnder, 
March, 1889 ; waiting orders, 1890 ; commanding " Monocacy," September, 
1891, to October, 1893 ; at present on leave of absence. 

Timothy Augustine Lyons. — Appointed Midshipma7i and entered the 
Naval xAcademy, January 2, 1862; graduated September, 1865; attached to 
the " Monongahela," of the West India Squadron, from 1865, until that 
vessel was driven ashore on the Island of Santa Cruz, by a tidal-wave follow- 
ing an earthquake; then on the "De Soto," of the same squadi'on, until 
1868 ; on the " Piscataqua," "Unadilla," and " Idaho" of the China Squad- 
ron, from 1868 until 1871 ; Instructor at the Naval Academy, and on board 
the "Constellation," from 1871 to 1873; attached to the " Pensacola," flag- 
ship of the Pacific Squadron, from 1873 until 1876; at the Hydrographic 
Office, Washington, from 1876 to 1879; ordered to the " Constellation " in 
1879, and upon her arrival at Gibraltar in the autumn of that year, was 
transferred to the " Trenton," flag-ship of the European Squadron, to which 
he remained attached until she came home and was put out of commission in 
1881 ; from 1881 until 1885, Superintendent of Compasses in tlie Bureau of 
Navigation, AVashington ; from 1886 to 1888, was Executive-Officer of the 
" Galena," and of the " Tennessee," and " Richmond," both successively 
flag-ships of the North Atlantic Squadron; in 1889, ordered as member of 
the Inspection Board of Merciuint Vessels at New York, November, 1892 ; 
commanding traiiiing-ship " Monongahela," November, 1892, to October, 
1893; commanding "Alliance," October, 1893, to date. Promotions: to 
Ensign, in. 1866; to Master, lS(yS ; to Lieutenant, m. 1869; to Lieutenant- 
Commander, in 1879, and to Commander, in 1<S89. 

John Stark Newell. — Born in Massachusetts. Appointed an Acting 
Midshipman at the Naval Academy, from New York City, September 30, 
1861 ; graduated, 1865 ; attached to steamer " Swatara," North Atlantic and 



COMMANDERS. 133 

European Stations, 1865-9. Commissioned as £'?m(7n, December 1,1866; 
Mader, March 12, 1868; and Lieutenant, March 26, 1869; attached to 
monitor " Miantonomah," 1869-70, N. A. Station ; to sailincc-ship " Guard," 
N. A. Station, 1870 ; monitor "Mahopac," N. A. Station, 1872 ; sailing-sloop 
" Portsmouth," e/i roide to South Atlantic Station, 1872; U. S. S. frigate 
" Lancaster," flag-ship, South Atlantic Station, 1872-5; Navy Yard, New 
York, 1875-6; under instruction at Torpedo Station, 1876; attached to 
U. S. S. "Huron," N, A. Station, 1876; on duty as Instructor, Torpedo 
Station, 1877-9 ; " Nipsic," special duty, 1879-83. Promoted to Lieutenant- 
Commander, January, 1880; Instructor, Torpedo Station, 1883-6; com- 
manding "Pinta," Pacific Station, 1886-9. Promoted to Commander, 
October, 1889 ; Navy Yard, Boston, 1889, to March, 1890; Naval Inspector 
of Electric Lighting, March, 1890, to January, 1893 ; leave of absence, 
January, 1893, to date. 

Joseph Edgar Craig. — Born in New York. Appointed an Acting Mid- 
shipman at Naval Academy, Nov. 29, 1861; title changed to Midshipman, 
July 16, 1862; graduated, 1865; " Monongahela," Wef-t India Squadron, 
November, 1865, to July, 1868. Promoted to Ensign, Deceinber 1, 1866. 
Promoted to Master, March 12, 1868; "Portsmouth"," S. A. Fleet, January, 
1869, to October, 1871. Promoted to Lieutenant, March 26, 1869; Naval 
Academy, December, 1871, to June, 1874 ("Constellation," summer prac- 
tice cruise, June to September, 1873); Naval Observatory, special duty, June 
to October, 1874 ; " Narraganset," special duty as Astronomer, North Pacific 
Survey, November, 1874, to August, 1875 ; Hydrographic Office, special 
duty in connection with " Narraganset's" Survey, August, 1875, to October, 
1877; "Ala>ka," Pacific Stiition, April, 1878, to April, 1881. Promoted to 
Lieutenant- Commander, March 13, 1880; Naval Academy, June, 1881, to 
September, 1885 (commanding "Mayflower," summer practice cruise, 1882) ; 
"Vandalia," Pacific Station, February, 1886, to April, 1887; commanding 
"Palos," Asiatic Station, June, 1887," to March, 1890. Promoted to Com- 
viander, January 3, 1890; Naval Academy, June, 1890, to date. 

Charles Mitchell Thomas. — Entered Naval Academy, Nov. 2'^, 1861 ; 
graduated, September 26, 1865; served in " Shenandoah," on the Asiatic 
Station from October 17, 1865. to May 3, 1869. Promoted to Ensign, 
December 1, 1866. Promoted to Master, March 12, 1868. Commissioned 
as Lieutenant, ^Isivoh 26, 1869; League Island, June 1,1869, to Septem- 
ber 4, 1869; "Supply," European Station, November 2, 1869, to July 26, 
1870; " Guerriere," European Station, August ]0, 1870, to September 13, 
1871 ; receiving-ship "Potomac," Philadelphia, March 18, 1872. to October, 
22, 1872 ; monitor " Terror." Key West. Florida, October 26, 1872, to June 
18,1873; Torpedo Station, Newport, Rhode Island, September 1, 1873, to 
April 20, 1874; monitor "Dictator," Key West, Florida, June 22, 1874, to 
April 22, 1875 ; Navy Yard, Philadelphia, June 17, 1875, to .November 15, 
1875; Centennial Exposition, November 17, 1875, to March 23, 1877; 
receiving-ship "St. Louis," March 24, 1877, to January 9. 1878 ; " C(mstitu- 
tion," Paris Exposition. 1878, and training-ship, 1879-80. Promoted to 
Lieutenant- Commander . April, 1880; Naval Academy, September, 1880, to 
June, 1884; " Hartford," flag-ship, Pacific Station, June, 1884. to January, 
1887 ; commanding C. S. steamer " Patterson," April, 1887, to April, 18^9 ; 
Hydrographic Inspector, Coast Survey, July 1, 1889, to March, 1891. Pro- 
moted to Commander, February, 1890; Bureau of Navigation, jNIarch, 1891, 
to July, 1893. Commanding "Bennington," July, 1893, to date. 

Albert Sidney Snow. — Born in Maine. Appointed an Acting Midship- 
man, at Naval Academy, Nov. 30, 1861, graduated, 1865; 'Chattanooga" 



134 COMMAXLERS. 

(firstrate\ ]Marcli, 18GG, to August, 18GG ; " Peusacola"' (second-rate), North 
Pacitio Squadron. September, 18GG to April, 18G8 ; '• Resaca," North Paeitic 
Squadron. April 18G8.to August, 1869, Promoted to Ensign. December 1, 18GG. 
Promoted to Master^ JNIarch 12. 186S. Pi'omoted to Lieutenant, March 2G, 
1869 ; ''Alaska" (second-rate), Asiatic Squadron, December, 1869, to ^larch, 

1873, taking part in the expedition to Corea. and attack on Corean forts ; 
Torpedo Station. 1873 ; *• Congress" (second-rate), European Station. March, 

1874, to July, 1876; receiving-ship "Wabash," and Navy Yard. Boston, 
1877 to 1879; training-ship "Portsmouth," January, 1878, to December, 
1878. Promoted to Licutenivit-Conimander. July 11, 1880; Navv Yard, 
Boston, May. 1882 to :\[ay, 1883 ; U. S. C. and G. Survey, from July." 1883, to 
April 30, 1887. Commanding steamers '"Gedney," "Hassler" and 'Patterson," 
the two latter in the Pacific ; surveying on the coast of Oregon .Washington and 
Alaska. Member Board of Inspection and Survey, from December, 1887 to 
April, 1890. Commanding " Essex," April, 1890. to Julv, 1892 ; waiting 
ordei's, July, 1892 to May, 1893 ; Naval Academy, May, 1893, to date. 
Promoted to I'ommanch r, February 28, 1890. 

George Cook Reiter. — Born in Pennsylvania. Appointed as Acting 
Jfid.<hipinan at Naval Academy, Sept. 20, 1861; graduated, 1865; school- 
ship "Sabine," 186-5-6; "Lackawanna" (second-rate), N. P. Squadron. 18GG 
-68. Promoted to Ensign, December 1, 1866. Promoted to J/a-s/er, March 
12. 1868. Commissioned as Lieutenant, i\Iarch 26.1869; "Plymouth" 
(third-rate). European Fleet, 1869-72 ; " Narraganset" (third-rj^te). survey- 
ing service in the Pacific. 1872-5; "Lehigh" (iron-clad), N. A. Station, 
1875-6; equipment duty. Norfolk, Va., 1876-7 ; " Tuscarora," Paeitic Sta- 
tion, 1877-8; Light-House Inspector, 1879-83. Promoted to Lieutenant- 
Commander, November. 1880; " Nipsic." S. A. Station, 1883-86; Navy 
Yard, Norfolk, 1886-9; commanding "Ranger." North Pacific Station, 
1889-90. Promoted Commander July 31, 1890; commanding " llietis," 
May. 1891. to July. 1893 ; Light- House Inspector. July, 1893, to date. 

Willard Herbert Brownson. — Born in New York. Appointed Acting 
Midshipman at Naval Academy. Nov. 29, 1861 ; graduated, 1865; "Rhode 
Island" (second-rate), ^^'est India Station. 1865-7. Promoted to Ensign, 
December 1, 1866; "Susquehanna" (second-rate), N. A. Station, 1867-8. 
Promoted to Master, :March 12, 1868 ; " Dacotah " (third-rate). Pacific Fleet, 
1869-70. Commissioneil as Lieutenant, March 26. 1869 ; " Molucan " (third- 
rate), Paeitic Fleet, 1870-1; "St. Mary's," Pacific Fleet, 1870-1; " Ossi- 
pee," 1871 ; torpedo service, 1872; Naval Academy, 1872-5; " Kearsarge " 
(third-rate*. Asiatic Station, 1875-6; "Tennessee" (second-rate), Asiatic 
Station, 1876-8; Naval Academy, 1878-81. Promoted to Lieutenant- 
Commitnder. December. 1880; commanding C. S. S. " Gediiey." 1881 ; com- 
manding C. S. S. " Blake," 1881-4; " Powhatan," N. A. Station, 1884-5 ; 
Hydrogniphic Inspector. Coast Survey, 1885-9; commanding "Petrel," 
N.' A. Sttxtion. 1889 to October, 1891. ' Promoted CoHi»ia//(/f/' 'May. 1891 ; 
General Inspector Cruiser No 10, October, 1891, to March, 1892, and 
July, 1893; commanding " Detroit," July, 1893, to date. 

Henry Ezra Nichols. — Born in New York. Appointed an Acting 
Midf<hipman at Naval Academy. Oct. 1, 1861 ; graduated, 1865 ; " Swatara " 
(third-rate). West India and European Squadrons, 1865-9. Promoted to 
En.'^ign, December 1, 1866. Promoted to Ma-^ter. December 12. 1868. Com- 
missioned as Lieutenant. March 26. 1869; "Frolic" (fourth-rate). Port- 
Admiral flag-ship. New York harbor. 1869-70 ; ordnance duty. Pittsburgh, 
1870-1 ; S. A. Station. 1872-3; torpedo duty. 1874; Coast Survey, l>i75 ; 
"Supply" (fourth-rate), special service. 1876; Coast Survey, 1876-7; 



COMMANDERS. 135 

"Despatch" (fourth-rate), special service, Europe, 1877-8; Coast Survey, 
1878-80; commanding C. S. S. " Hassler," 1880-4. Promoted to Lieuten- 
iant- Commander, January, 1881; commanding " Pinta" (Alaska), 1884-6 ; 
inspector of new steel cruiser, 1880-7; Coast Survey, 1887, to July, 1891. 
Promoted Communder June, 1891 ; member of Board of Inspection, July, 
1891 ; recruiting duty, 1891 ; service on '"Ranger," 1892; Light-House In- 
spector, Decen\her, 1892. to date. 

^A^illiam Whitman Mead. — Born in Kentucky. Appointed as Acting 
Mkhhipman at Naval Aca(k'my, Dec. oO, 18()1 ; graduated, 18(55; "Lacka- 
wanna" (second- rate\ N. P. Squadron, 18()()-9. Promoted to E^isign, Dec. 1, 
1866. Promoted to Master, March 12, 1868. Commissioned as Lieutenant, 
March 26, 1869; Sitinal Office, Washin.jt(m, 1870; "Colorado" (first-rate), 
flag-ship, Asiatic Fleet, 1870-3; "Michigan" (fourth-rate); 1878-4; 
"Sliawruut" (third-rate), N. A. Station, 1875-6; Hydrograpliic Office, 
1877-9; "Shenandoah," S. A. Station, 1879-82, Promoted to Lieutenant- 
Commander, March, 1881 ; Hydrographic OfHce, l-'<82-.') ; Tennessee," N. A. 
Station, 188.3-5 ; Light-House Inspector, 1.^86, to May, 1890 ; R. S. " Inde- 
pendence, May, 1890, to October, 1891. Promoted Commander, August 2, 
1891 ; commanding " Essex," May, 1892, to Mav, 1893 ; Light-House 
Inspector, May, 1893, to date. 

Edwin Samuel Houston. — Born in Pennsylvania. Appointed as Jic^m^r 
]ilidi<Jii/)iH(ui, at Naval Academy, April 18, 1862; graduated, 1865, " Lacka- 
wanna" (second-rate). Pacific Fleet, 18()6-9. Promoted to I'Jnsign, Decem- 
ber 1, 1866. Promoted to Mader, March 12. 1868. Commi.^sioned as 
Lieidenant, ]\Iarch 29, 1869; "Severn" (second-rate), flag-ship North 
Atlantic Fleet, 1869-71 ; " Lancaster " (second-rate), South Atlantic Station, 
1872-4; Naval Rendezvous, San Francisco, 1875-6; nautical school-ship 
'■ Jamestown," 1876-7 ; " Hartford," South Atlantic Station, 1877-79 ; Navy 
Yard, Washington, 1879-81. Promoted to Lieutenant- Covimander, March, 
LS81 ; "Richmond," Asiatic Station, 1881-4; Navy Yard, [Norfolk, 1885-6 ; 
" Trenton," special service, 1886-7; " Lancaster," South Atlantic Station, 
18S7-9 ; R. S. " Minnesota," 1889, to October, 1891. Promoted Commander, 
September 27, 1891 ; Navy Yard, Washingtou, October, 1891 to March, 
1-^92 ; commanding " Dale," March, 1892, to date. 

Edwin Longnecker. — Born in Pennsylvania. Appointed as Acting 
Midshipman at Naval Academy, September 24, 1861; graduated, 1865; 
"Shenandoah" (second-rate). East India Station, 1866-9. Promoted to 
Ensign, December 1, 1(S66. Promoted to Master, March 12, 1868. Com- 
missioned as Lieutenant, March 26. 1869 ; receiving-ship, Philadelphia, 1869 ; 
"Swatara" (third-rate). North Atlantic Fleet, 1870-71 ; "Colorado" (first- 
rate). North Atlantic Station, 1872-3; "Alaska" (third-rate), European 
Station, 1874-6; "Wyoming" (third-rate), Paris Exposition Service, 1878; 
Naval Observatory, 1878-82. Promoted to Lieutenant- Commander, August, 
1881 ; " Michigan"^" (on the lakes\ 1882-3 ; "Shenandoah," Pacific Station, 
1883-6; training-ship "Richmond," August, 1888, to October, 1891, to 
November, 1892. Promoted to Commander, OciohQr 2, l^dl; commanding 
"Ranger," November, 1892, to date. 

George Elmore Ide. — Born in Ohio. Appointed as Acting Midshipman, 
at Naval Academy, September 27,1861; graduated, 1865 ; Pacific Fleet, 
1866-8. Promoted to Ensign, December 1, 1866. Promoted to Master, 
March 12, 1868. Commissioned as Lieutenavt, March 26, 18()9; "Ply- 
mouth " European Squadron, 18(i9-72 ; "Juniata," N. A. Sipiadron, 1873; 
leave, 1875; training-ship "Portsmouth," 1875; R. S. "Independence," 
1876-7 ; Naval Observatory, 1877-8 ; " Vandalia," N. A. Station, 1878-9 ; 



136 COMMANDERS. 

" Alliance," N. A. Station, 1879-80. Promoted to Lieuienauf- Commander, 
October, 1881 ; Navy Yard, Kew York, 1881 ; R. S. " Independence," 
1882-3; "Adams," Pacific Station. 1883-4; "Alliance," S. A. Station, 
188(3-8. Promoted Co/«Hifl>j(/tT, Xovtmber 5, 1891 ; Navy Yard, Was^hing- 
ton, December, 189J, to March, 1892; Member Board of Inspection of 
Merchant Vessels. September, 1892, to date. 

George Milton Book. — Born in Pennsylvania. Appointed as Acting 
3Ild<hipi>ia)i at Naval Academy, Nov. 22, 18(51; graduated, 186-3; W. I. 
Squtulron, 1865-7. Promoted to Ermyn, Deceml)er 1. 18(il> ; apprentice- 
ship " Portsmouth," 1807-9. Promoted" to JZ-j.^tfc?-, March 12, 18<)8. Com- 
missioned i\!i Lieutenant, March 20, 1869 ; sick-leave, 1870-1 ; retired, 1871 ; 
restored to active list, 1875 ; Navy Yard, Norfolk, 1876 ; "Adams" (third- 
rate), S. A. Station. 1876-8 ; commanding •■ ^lontauk," N. A. Station, 
1879-81. Pi-omoted to Licutenant-Commander.^lAy,lS81; ''Enterprise," 
N. A. Station, 1882-4 ; Asiatic Station, 1884-6 ; R. S. " Vermont," 1885-8 ; 
Navy Yard, New York, December, 1889, to August, 1891 ; waiting orders, 
August, 1891, to May, 1892. Promoted to Commander December 16, 1891 ; 
Navy Yard, New York, May, 1892, to April, 1893; commanding "Alert" 
April, 1893, to October. 1893. At present waiting orders. 

Thomas Perry. — Born in New York. Appointed an Actiixj ^[id(^hiJ)- 
maii at Naval Academy, September 21, 1^61 ; graduated, 1865; .school-ship 
'* Sabine," 1866. Promoted to Ensign-, December 1, 1866; " Pensacola," 
North Pacific Fleet, 1867; "Suwanee" (third-rate), Pacific Fleet, 1868; 
"Dictator" (iron-clad). N. A. Station. 1869; " ^Miantoiiomah " (second- 
rate), special service, 1870. Commissioned as Lieutenant, ]N[arch 26, 1869 ; 
"Shenandoah," European Fleet, 1871-2; " Manliattan," North Atlantic 
Fleet, 1873-4; "Omiha," South Pacific. 1875-7; Naval Observatory, 
1878-9; "Swatara," Asiatic Station, 1879-81; "Alert," Asiatic Station, 
1881-2. Promoted to Lieutenant-Commander, November, 1881 ; Light- 
House Inspector, 1883-6 ; '■ Brooklyn," Asiatic Station, 1887-9 ; liirht-house 
duty, 1890 to December, 1892. Promoted Cnnmander, January 10, 1892 ; 
General Inspector of the '• Castine," February, 1893, to date. 

Charles Herbert Stockton. — Entered tlie Naval Academy in Nov., 
1861, gi-aduating in 1865; served in the " Dacotah," " Chattanooga," and 
'•Mohican," going to the North Pacific by the way of the Strait of 
Magelhin, in the " jNIohican," served in the Pacific from 186(5-9; was 
stationed, 1869-70, at Navy Yard, Philadelphia : was ordered to the 
"Congress" in 1870; made a varied cruise in the West Indies, Greenland, 
and in the INIediterranean, in the "Congress;" returning from the ^lediter- 
ranean in 1874, in the '• Brooklyn," was again stationed at the Navy Yard, 
Philadelphia ; left the Navy Yard in 1875. and joined the U. S. S. " Swatara," 
makiuir the cruise around the world in tliat ship ; on the TraU'^it of Venus 
E.Kpedition ; returning, was stationed at the Hydrographic Ofiice, Washing- 
ton, and from there, in 1876, to U. S. S. "Plymouth;" detached from 
U. S. S. " Plymouth," North Atlantic Station, May 17, 1879; ordered to 
Navy Yard, New York, July 1, 1879; at torpedo station, Newport, 
R. I, May 31, 1880; ordered' to Navy Yard, Washington, D. C, Octo- 
ber 1, 1880. Promoted to grade of Lieutenant- Commander, November 
15, 1881; ordered to U. S. S. "Iroquois" as Executive-Otficer, March, 
1882; serving upon Pacific Station, and landing with bnttalion at 
Panama, during riots in 1-S85; detached from " Iroquois " and returned 
home, May, 1885; ordered to duty in Bureau of Yards and Docks. Septem- 
ber 1, 1885 ; ordered as member of Board to report upon the drills and 



COMMANDERS. 137 

exercises of the naval service, June 16, 1886; ordered as member of Boaixl 
to examine and revise signal and tactical books of the naval service, January 
18, 1887; lecturer at Naval War College, Newport, R. I., in 1<S,S7 and 1888; 
member of Board of Examiners at Torpedo Station, July 27, 1888 ; ap])ointed 
as member of the Commi.-^sion to select a suitable site for a Navy Yard upon 
the Pacific Coast north of 42°, north latitude, on the oOth of November, 
1888; commanded U. S. S. ♦'Thetis," April 11, 1889, to May, 1891, making 
a cruise in Behring Sea and Arctic Ocean with the whaling fleet, as far east 
as Herschel Island, Mackenzie Bay, in British America, and to the westward 
as far as Herald Island, and Wrangell Land, being the iirst ship to foHow 
the entire nuiin coast-line of Alaska, from Port Tongass, in Si)utheastern 
Alaska, to Demarcation I'oint in the Arctic Ocean ; special duty War 
College, May, 1891, to date. Promoted Vommander, April 2, 1S92. 

Louis Kingsley. — Born in New York. Appointed an Acting Midship- 
man at Naval xlcademy, September 28, 1861 ; graduated, 1865 ; school-ship 
" Sabine," 1865-6. Promoted to Ensign, December 1, 1866 ; " Lackawanna" 
(second-rate), Pacific Fleet, 1867-8. Promoted to Master, March 12, 1868; 
Hydrographic Office, 1869-70. Commissioned as Lieutenant. March 26, 
18f)9; Brooklyn (second-rate), European Fleet, 1870-2; Hydrographic 
Office, 1873 ; Colorado (first-rate), N. A. Station, 1874 ; Torpedo Station, 
1875; " Ossipee" (third-rate), N. A. Station. 1875-8; Naval Station, New 
London, 1878-81 ; " Lackawanna," Pacific Station, 1881-4. Promoted to 
Llciiteuant- Commander, November, 1881 ; ordnance dutv, Navy Yard. 
AVashiugton, D. C, 1884-5 ; Torpedo Station, 1885-6 ; R. S. " New Hamp- 
shire," f886-8 ; " Richmond," S. A. Station, 1888-90 ; Navy Yard, Boston, 
January. 1891, to date. Promoted Commander, May 5, 1892. 

John J. Brice, — Entered the navy as a volunteer officer in 1861 ; 
joined the U. S steamer '• Freeborn," August, 1861, Potomac FlotiUa ; Avas 
in the engagement with Cock-pit Point Batteries, Shipping Point Batteries, 
and Potomac Creek Batteries ; in the attack upon Aquia Creek fortifica- 
tions ; cutting-out expedition iu the Rappahannock River and engagements 
with field battery and infantry near Gloucester Court-House, Va., for which 
promoted ; landed inside the rebel lines with boats and men and captured a 
rebel colonel of cavalry and carried him on board ; cutting-out expedition iu 
JMattox Creek, Va., for which rcconuueuded for gallantry and promoted to 
Acting Master ; at Aiken's landing, Va., when the rebel rams attempted to 
pass down ; attack upon Jones' Blutt", Rappahannock River, and at the ca])ture 
of Fredericksburg, Va. ; couunanding U. S. steamer " Don" at the end of the 
war. ('ommi.-sioned an Ensign- in the regular service, INtarch, 1868 ; "Quin- 
nebaug," South Atlantic Station, 1868-9. Commi.ssioned as Lieutenant, 
March 21, 1870; Hydrographic Office. 1870 ; "Saco" (fourth-rate), and frigate 
"Franklin," European Station, 1870-2; torpedo service, 187.'); "Rich- 
mond " and " Saranac" (second-rate), wrecked on latter vessel June 18, 1875, 
North Pacific Fleet, 1873-5; Naval Observatory, 1876 ; Navy Yard, INIare 
Island, 1877-8; "Lackawanna," Pacific Station, 1878-81. Promoted to 
Lieutenant Commander. April 15, 1882; INIare Island Navy Yard, 1882-5; 
" Iroquois," Pacific Station, 1885-8 ; Navy Yard, Washington, 1888-9; Fish 
Ci»nuui.ssion, 1889 to December, 1892. Promoted Commander,' ~hi\xy 28, 
1892 ; Ijight-IIouse Inspector, December, 1892, to date. 

Oscar W. Farenholt. — Entered the navy as .seaman, April 18, 1861 ; 
drafted to frigate " Wabash." and participated in the engagements of Fort 
Hatteras. North Carolina ; Ptu-t Royal, South Carolina ; Fort Pulaski, (Jeorgia, 
and iu all the boat expeditions sent from the " Wabash " in the years of 
1861-2 into South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida; was severely wounded 



138 COMMANDERS. 

on October 22, 1862, at tlie battle of Pocotalico, South Carolina, where the 
four howitzers of the " Wabash " covered the retreat of the Federal army ; 
sent to the Naval Hospital, New York, and discharged from the service ; 
entered the navy again in February, 1863 ; especially detailed for the 
monitor " Catskill ; " participated in all the engagements before Charleston, 
South Carolina, in 1863 and spring of 1864; was at the side of Commander 
George W. Rodgers when he and Assistant Paymaster J. G. Woodbury Avere 
killed in the. pilot-house of the "Catskill," August 17, 1803 ; was one of the 
storming party of Fort Sumter, in September, 1863. Promoted to Acting 
Ensign, August, 1864 ; ordered to command ordnance schooner "Henry 
James," attached to the squadron in the sounds of North Carolina; partici- 
pated in the re-occupation of Plymouth, North Carolina, several engage- 
ments on the Chowan and Bhick Water Rivers, and capture of Fort Fisher, 
North Carolina ; at the end of the war was ordered to monitor " Shawnee " 
and duty at Boston Navy Yard; in 1866, served in store-ship "Purveyor" 
and steam-frigate "Susquehanna ;" in 1867, served in receiving-ships " New 
Hampshire " and " Ohio ;" examined for the regular navy, January 14, 
1867; October, 1867, ordered to store-ship " Idaho;" served in her and the 
"Ashuelot," in the Asiatic Squadron, till November, 1870. Commissioned as 
Ensign, ^lnYch 12,1868. Promoted to J/a-N^/er, December 18, 1868. Com- 
missioned as LieMenant, Mai-ch 21, 1870 ; INIay, 1871, ordered to Norfolk 
Navy Yard ; November, 1871, to the command of the steamer "Standish ; " 
June, 1873, to the steamer "Shenandoah;" June, 1874, to the command of 
the receiving-ship '• Relief," at Washington Navy Yard ; June, 1875, ordered 
to the flag-ship " Minnesota ;" June, 1876, to the practice-ship "Supply;" 
October, 1876, to the Navy Yard, Norfolk; 1877-9. in charge of the Naval 
Nitre Depot at Maiden, Massachusetts; December, 1879,, attached to the 
"Swatara" ordered to the Asiatic Squadron ; May, 1880, ordered as Execu- 
tive-Officer of the "Monocacy ;" May 11, 1882, promoted to Lieutenant- Com- 
mander ; September, 1882, ordered as Executive-Officer of the receiving-ship 
"Wabash;" March, 1885, ordered as Executive-Officer of the training-ship 
"Portsmouth;" October, 1885, ordered as Executive-Officer of the "Swa- 
tara ;" October, 1886, ordered as Executive Officer of the '• Wabash ;" Sep- 
tember, 1889, to the command of the"Pinta" in Alaskan waters; Septem- 
ber, 1891, detached and ordered to equipment duty at Boston Navy Yard ; 
June 19, 1892, promoted to Commander and ordered as Inspector of the 
Thirteenth Light-House District, Portland, Oregon, which is his present duty. 
William B. Newman.— Born in Fishki'll, N. Y., November 9, 1834. 
Entered the navy as Acting Master's Mute, October 19, 1861, and ordered to 
the " Brandywine," North Atlantic Squadron. Promoted to Acting Master, 
February 3, 1862 ; transferred to the " Southfield," Sounds of North Caro- 
lina, June, 1863 ; captured at the taking of Plymouth, N. C, April, 1864, 
the "Southfield" being sunk in action by the rebel ram "Albemarle ; " 
prisoner of war until October, 1864; served on the Asiatic Station in the 
" Wachusett," from November, 1864, to February, 1868; on duty. New 
York Navy Yard, 1868. Commissioned an En.^ign in the Navy, March 12, 
1868. Promoted to Master, December 18, 1868 ; served on the North 
Atlantic Station, 1869, in the "Galena," "New Hampshire" and "Ver- 
mont." Promoted to Liexdenant, March 21, 1870 ; commanding steamer 
"Pilgrim," North Atlantic Fleet, 1870-1 ; served on the Brazil Station as 
Executive of the "Wasp," 1872-4; on the North Atlantic Station in the 
"Roanoke" and training-ship "Minnesota," 1874-7; special service in 
"Constellation," 1878, and "New Hampshire," 1879-80; as Executive in 



COMMANDERS. 139 

"Yantic,"K A. Station, 1880-1; "Lancaster," European Station, l§81-3. 
Promoted to Lieutenant- Commander, 1882 ; "Ossipee," Asiatic Station, 1884—7 ; 
Navy Yard, New York, 1887-90 ; receiving-ship " St. Louis," 1891-!:)2. Pro- 
moted to Cummauder, 1892 ; Inspector Seventh Light-House District, 1892-3. 

A. J. Iverson. — Born in Norway. Entered the navy as a vokmteer 
officer, IMarch 19, 1863 ; transferred to the regular service in 1868 ; " Wasp" 
(fourth-rate), S. A. Fleet, 1868-70 ; Navy Yard, Boston, 1871-2 ; torpedo 
service, 1872 ; " Saugus " (iron-clad), N. A. Station, 1873 ; Boston, 1875 ; 
training-ship " Minnesota," 1875-7 ; " Powhatan," N. A. Station, 1877-8 ; 
Navy Yard, Boston, 1878-82. Promoted to Lieutenant- Commander, June, 
1882; "Ashuelot," Asiatic Station, 1882-3; " Monocacy," Asiatic Station, 
1883-5 ; Naval Asylum, Philadelphia, 1885-6 ; Navy Yard, Boston, 1886-9 ; 
commanding " Fortune," special service, 1889, to December, 1892. Promoted 
to Commander, Dec. 4, 1892 ; Liglit-House Lispector, Dec, 1892, to date. 

Edward T. Strong. — Native of Massachusetts. Entered the service, 
November 24, 1862, as a volunteer officer; transferred to the regular service, 
and commissioned as Emic/n, March 12, 1868 ; apprentice-shi]) " Portsmouth ;" 
R. S. "New Hampshire." Commissioned as Master, December 18, 1868; 
"Seminole" (third-rate), N. A. Station, 1869-70. Promoted to Liexdenant, 
March 21, 1870; R. S. "Ohio," 1870; "California" (second-rate), flag-ship. 
Pacific Fleet, 1870-3 ; monitor " Terror," at Philadelphia, 1873; "Shenan- 
doah" (second-rate), N. A. Fleet, 1874; R. S. "Ohio" and "Wabash," 
1874-5; "Vandalia," European Station, 1876-9; Navy Yard, Boston, 
1879-82; Torpedo Station, 1882. Promoted to Liexdenant- Commander, 
July 2, 1882; "Minnesota" (apprentice-ship), 1882-3; "Swatara" (third- 
rate), N. A. Station, 1883-5 ; Navy Yard, Boston, 1886-9 ; nautical school- 
ship "Saratoga," Philadelphia, 1889, to June, 1892; leave of absence, June, 
1892, to February, 1893. Promoted to Commander, January 9, 1893 ; 
commanding school-ship " Saratoga," February, 1893, to date. 

Robert E. Impey. — Born in Ohio. Appointed an Adinfj Midshipman 
at Naval Academy, September 21, 1861 ; graduated in 1865 ; " Ticonderoga " 
(second-rate), European Station, 1865-6. Promoted to Ensigxi, December 1, 
1866; " Miantonomah " (iron-clad), 1867; "Powhatan," flag-ship. South 
Pacific Squadron, 1867-9. Promoted to Master, March 12, 1868 Com- 
missioned as lAeidenant, March 26, 1869 ; Kansas T. and N. Surveying 
Expedition, 1871 ; Atlantic Station, 1872-3; R. S. " Lidependence," 1874; 
"Pensacola," flag-ship, South Pacific Squadron, 1875-7; Navy Yard, N.Y., 
1879-81 ; " Quinnebaug," European Station, 1881-4. Promoted to Lieidenant- 
Commander, Oct., 1881 ; "Tennessee," N. A. Station, 1884-5; ordnance duty, 
Navy Yard, Washington, 1885-6 ; "Tallapoosa," S. A. Station, 1888 to July, 
1891 ; leave of absence, July, 1891 to October, 1893. Promoted to Comviander, 
January 21, 1893; commanding " Monocacy," October, 1893, to dare. 

Zera L. Tanner. — Born in Warsaw, Wyoming County, New York. 
Entered the Navy as Acting Ensign, August 18, 1862 ; attached to the U. 
S. S. "Midnight," Soutii Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1862-4. Promoted 
to Acting Master on September 29, 1864; U. S. S. "Rhode Island," special 
service, North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1864-5; U. S. receiving-ship 
"Vermont," Navy Yard, New York, 1865-6; U. S. S. "Augusta," convoy- 
ing monitor "Miantonomah" to Russia and the Mediterranean, 1866-7; U. 
S.'S. "Guard," 1867 ; U. S. S. "Onward," Asiatic Squadron, 1867-8. Trans- 
ferred to regular service, and commissioned Ensign, March 12, 1868. Pro- 
moted to Master, December 18, 1868 ; U. S. S. " Mauniee," Asiatic Squadron, 
1868-9; U. S. S. "Idaho," Asiatic Squadron, 1869-70. Promoted to Lieu- 



140 COMMANDERS. 

tenant^ March 21, 1870 ; U. S. receiving-ship "Vermont," Navy Yard, New- 
York, 1870-1; U. S. S. " Narraganset," Pacific Squadron, surveying expe- 
dition, 1871-3; recruiting duty, Buffalo, New York, 1873; Navy Yard, 
Philadelphia, 1874; leave of absence; commanding Pacific Mail steamer 
" Colon," 1874-5 ; commanding Pacific Mail S. S. "City of Pekin," 1876-8; 
Hydrographic Office, Washington, D. C, 1878-9 ; commanding U. S. S. 
"Speedwell," 1879; special duty, commanding U. S. Fish Commision 
steamer " Fish-hawk," 1880-2 ; special duty, commanding U. S Fish Cora- 
mission steamer "Albatross," 1882 to date. Vrovixot^A to Lieutenant- Com- 
mander, February 22, 1883. Promoted to Commander, February 7, 1893. 

Samuel Belden. — Appointed Acting Ensign, September 8, 1862, and 
served during the war on U. S. steamers " Wachusett," " Vanderbilt," "Ban- 
shee," " Daylight," and " Pink." Promoted to Acti-'g Jia^^jfer in February, 
1864, and to Acting Volunteer lieidevant, in May, 1865 ; honorably dis- 
charged in March, 1866. Reappointed Acting Master in April, 1867, and 
went in command of store-ship "Relief," carrying a cargo of provisions to 
Mobile for relief of people suffering for lack of food ; upon return of " Relief" 
to New York, in July, 1867, detached and ordered to South Pacific, serving 
on that station on " Wateree," until her loss by earthquake, and after on 
"Nyack" until November, 1871. Commissioned Ensign, in March, 1868 ; 
Master, in December, 1868 ; Lieutenant, in March, 1870 ; on duty in Hydro- 
graphic Office, 1871-3, and again, 1879-82, served in North Atlantic Fleet 
on " Pawnee " and " Nipsic," 1873 ; special duty U. S. steamer " Fortune," 
1873-5; "Gettysburg," 1875-6; and "Guard," 1*877-8; Naval Station, New 
London, from August, 1876, to August, 1877, and again, 1886-9; Torpedo 
Station, June 1 to September 1, 1879. U. S. steamer "Juniata," Asiatic 
Station, 1882-5. Commissioned Lieutenant Commander, July, 1883 ; U. S. 
steamer "Franklin," Julv, 1889, to August 1891 ; commanding "Yantic," 
S. A. Station, August, 1891, to May, 1893. Commissioned as Commander, 
Feb., 1893 ; connnaudant Naval Station, New London, Conn., July, 1893. 

E. W^. Watson. — Born in Massachusetts. Appointed a 3Iasfer's Mate 
on board the " Lancaster," May 2, 1859 ; served in that vessel until October, 
1861 ; " Rhode Island," 1862-3. Promoted to Acting Ensign, September 18, 
1863; "Circassian" and "Flag," 1863-5; "Frolic," European Station, 
1865-7 ; store-ship " Guard," 1867-8. Commissioned as Ensign in regular 
service, March 12, 1868; League Island, October, 1868, to April, 1869. 
Promoted to Master, December 18, 1868; "Seminole," 1869-70. Promoted 
to Ijieuienant, March 21, 1870; "Seminole" (third-rate), N. A. Squadron, 
1869-70; ordnance dutv, Norfolk, 1871 ; "Canonicus" and " Saugus " (iron- 
clads), N. A. Fleet, 1872 ; Norfolk Navv Yard, 1873-5 ; " Ossipee " (third- 
rate), N. A. Fleet, 1875 ; Navy Yard, Norfolk, 1877-80; R. S. "Franklin," 
1880-2; "Brooklyn" S. A. Station, 1882-4. Promoted to Lieutenant- Com- 
mander, November, 1883 ; Navy Yard, Norfolk, 1884-6 ; Torpedo Station, 
ordnance instruction, 1886-7; "Swatara," S. A. Station, 1888, to Novem- 
ber, 1891 ; training-ship " Richmond," November, 1891, to April, 1893. 
Promoted Comnuinder, April 27, 1893 ; Inspector of Ordnance, Navy Yard, 
Portsmouth, April, 1893, to date. 

John F. Merry. — Boi-n in Maine. Entered the navy as a volunteer 
officer, October 15, 1862 ; served during the Rebellion ; in 1868 was appointed 
an Ensign in regular service. Commissioned as Lieutenant, March 21, 1870 ; 
Asiatic Fleet, 1868-72 ; Naval Rendezvous, Boston, 1873-4 ; commanding 
R. S. " Relief," 1875-7 ; "Gettysburg" (fourth-rate), special service in the 
Mediterranean, 1877-9 ; examining naval timber lands in Florida, 1879-81 ; 



COMMANDERS. 141 

Torpedo Instruction, 1881; "Tallapoosa," special service 1881-4. Promoted 
to Lieutenant- ConDiiaiider, December, 1883; "Marion," Asiatic Station, 
1884-7; "Michigan" (on the lakes), 1888-9; li. S. " Wabash," 1889, to 
November, 1892 ; commanding school-ship "Enterprise," November, 1892, 
to date. Promoted Comnmnder, May 9, 1893. 

John C. Morong. — Born in Maine. Appointed as an Acting Ensign, 
April 1, 1863, and ordered to the Mississi|)pi Squadron. Served in com- 
mand of the "Argosy," from May, 1863, until the close of the war; was in 
many engagements on the Mississippi ; at siege at Vicksburg and in the Red 
River Expedition. Was promoted June 1, 1864, for " meritorious conduct," 
to Acting Master ; stationed at Mound City, 111., 1865-6 ; League Island, 
1867-8 ; was appointed an Ensign in the regular navy, March 12, 1868. 
Promoted to J/asff'r, December 18, 1868; steamer "Tallapoosa," and flag- 
ship " Contocook," North Atlantic Station, 1869-70. Promoted to Lieutenant 
March 21st, 1870; Pacific Station, in flag-ship " California," and steamer 
" Saranac," 1871-3; Asiatic Station in steamer " Kearsarge," 1874-6 ; re- 
turned home from the Asiatic Station in the " Yantic," May 30, 1877 ; was 
ordered to command the U. S. Navnl Rendezvous at San Francisco, Cal., 
August 28, 1877; "Adams," Pacific Station, 1879-82 ; R. S. " Wabash." 
1882-4. Promoted to Lieutenant- Commnnder, June, 1884; training-ship 
"Portsmouth," 1884-5; R. S. "New Hampshire," 1886-9; R. S. "Inde- 
pendence," 1889, to May, 1890 ; U. S. S. " Iroquois," May, 1890, to May, 
1892; member Board of Inspection, July, 1892, to February, 1893; com- 
manding Puget Sound Naval Station, February, 1893, to date. Promoted 
Commander, June 27, 1893. 

William C. Gibson. — Born in New York. Entered the service as a 
volunteer officer, December 15, 1862; served during and after the Rebellion ; 
in 1868 was appointed an Ensign in regular service. Commissioned as Lieu- 
tenant, March 21, 1870; " Narraganset " (third-rate). West India Station, 
1869 ; Navy Yard, New York, 1870 ; " Mohican " (third-rate), Pacific Fleet, 
1871-2; "Roanoke" (iron clad), 1873-4 ; "Frolic" (fourth-rate), S. A. Sta- 
tion, 1875-7; Navy Yard, New York, 1877-80 ; "Yantic," N. A. Station, 
1881-3. Promoted to Lieutenant-Commander, July, 1884 ; Navy Yard, Pen- 
sacola, 1884-8 ; store-ship " JNIonongahela," 1888, to November, 1890 ; special 
duty, New York, November, 1890, to June, 1891 ; Equipment Ofiicer, Navy 
Yard, New York, June, 1891, to March, 1892 ; commanding " Fern," March, 
1892, to November, 1893 ; Equipment Officer, Navy Yard, Portsmouth, No- 
vember, 1893, to date. Promoted to Commander, July 4, 1893. 

\A^illiani Augustus Morgan. — Born at Newport, Monmouthshire, 
England, August 10, 1836. Commenced a seafaring career August 14, 
1850, by being bound an apprentice for five years to a Maine ship-master and 
owner; continued in that employ in the European and general freighting 
business until 1856; from that time until the breaking out of the late war, 
sailed out of the ports of Portland, Maine, New York and Boston. June 2, 
1863, entered, the U. S. 'Navy as Acting Endgn ; instructor in gunnery on 
board the frigate "Savannah," July 7, 1863 ; ordered to the gunboat " Tulip," 
of the Potomac Flotilla; in August transferred to the schooner "Hope," of 
the South Atlantic Blockading Squadron; from then, and until October, 
1865, served on board the sloop-of-war "John Adams," ships-of-the-line 
"Vermont" and "New Hampshire," and temporarily on board the steamer 
" Pawnee" and several other vessels of the South Atlantic Blockading Squad- 
ron, and on expeditions on shore with the forces of that Squadron. Promoted 
to Acting Master, October 27, 1864; discharged, January 14, 1866. Reap- 



142 CO.VMAXDEES. 

pointed Acting Master, April 13, 1866 ; and on duty on board the receiving- 
ship "Vermont" until July, 1868. Transferred to the regular navy as 
Ensign, INIarch 12, 1868, under the Act of Congress approved July 25, 1866; 
Pacihc Scpiadron, from July, 1868, to • July, 1869; on board the flag-ship 
"Powhatan," under orders to the ill-fated "Fredonia," steamer " Wateree " 
(after the enrthcjuake of 1868, on the coast of Peru), steamer " Tiiscarora," 
and store-ship "Onward." Promoted to Master, December 18, 186S ; return- 
ing to the North Atlantic Station on board the "Powhatan ;" Port Admiral's 
flag-ship "New Hampshire," at Norfolk, 1870. Promoted to Lieutenant, 
March 21, 1870; steamer " Shawraut," North Atlantic Squadron, 1871-4 ; 
Navy Yard, Boston, 1875 ; monitor " Montauk," North Atlantic Squadron, 
1875-7; Navy Yard, Boston, 1877-8; flag-ship "Shenandoah," South At- 
lantic Squadron, 1879 ; steamer " \yachusett," South Atlantic and Pacific 
Squadrons, 1880-1 ; instruction torpedo station, Newport, 1882 ; monitor 
'• Miantonomah, special service, 1882-3: receiving-ship " Wabash," 1884-6. 
Promoted to Lieutenant-Comm'tnder, July 28, 1884; corvette "Ossipee," 
North Atlantic Squadron, and on sick leave, 1887-8 ; U. S. Nitre Depot, 
Maiden, 1889, to April, 1892 ; Navy Yard, Pensacoln, April, 1892, to date. 
Promoted to Commander, July 4, 1893. 

Washburn Maynard.- — Born in Tennessee. Entered Naval Academy 
in 1862; graduated, 1866; "Susquehanna," North Atlantic Squadron, 1866 
-67; "Franklin," flag-ship European Fleet, 1867-8; "Frolic," European 
Squadron, 1868-9. Promoted to Ensign, April, 1868; to Master, March 26, 
1869; "Seminole," North Atlantic Station, 1869-70. Commissioned as 
Lieutenant, March 21, 1870 ; torpedo duty, 1870-2 ; " California," " Sara- 
nac," " Richmond," Pacific Fleet, 1872-4 ; special duty, seal fisheries, 1874-5 ; 
"Wyandotte" (iron-clad). North Atlantic Station, 1876; Coast Survey, 
1876-7 ; commanding C. S steamer " Fathomer," 1877 ; torpedo station, 
1877-9; "Tennessee," North Atlantic Station, 1879-82; torpedo station, 
1882-5. Promoted to Lieutenant- Commander, September 27, 1884; "Brook- 
lyn," North Atlantic ami Asiatic Stations, 1885-7; Bureau of Ordnance, 
1887, to June, 1891; commanding " Pinta," September, 1891, to January, 
1893; Bureau of Equipment, January, 1893, to date. Promoted to Com- 
mander, September 27, 1893. 

Henry Ware Lyon. — Born in Massachusetts. Entered Naval Acad- 
emy, Oct. 7, 1862 ; graduated, 1866 ; "Sacramento," 1866-7 — this vessel was 
lost ott' coast of India. Promoted to Ensign, April, 1868 ; ordnance duty, 
Boston, 1868; slore-ship "Guard," Mediterranean Squadron, 1869. Pro- 
moted to Master, July 26, 1869 ; steam-sloop " Richmond," European Fleet, 
1869. Commissioned as 7yi(?»/e/ifl?(/, March 21, 1870 ; "Wabash," 1872-3; 
frigate "Franklin," North Atlantic Fleet, 1873; special ordnance duty, 
1874; "Tennessee," flag-ship. European Squadron, 1875-7 ; special ordnance 
duty, 1877-80; "Galena," European Station, 1880-3; ordnance duty. Navy 
Yard, Washington, 1883. Promoted to Lieutewmt- Commander, November, 
1884; South Boston Iron Works, 1884-6; "Trenton," Pacific Station, 
1886-9; commanding "Nipsic," Pacific Station, 1889 to April, 1890— the 
"Nipsic's" passage from Samoa to Honolulu, whei*e she was repaired, was 
with a jury rudder, deformed screw, all outside keel gone, and leaking; 
Torpedo Station, June, 1890, to May, 1893 ; commanding " Yantic," May, 
1893, to December, 1893. Promoted to Commander, October 1, 1893. 

James Duncan Graham. — Born in District of Cobunbia, May 9, 
1841. Appointed from Illinois, September 25, 1857 ; Naval Academy, 
1857-61 ; U. S. frigate " Roanoke," May, 1861, to October, 1861 ; engaged 



COMMANDERS. 143 

in boat expeditions to cut out rebel schooners at Back River, Virginia, Octo- 
ber, 1801, to January, 1(S62 ; Washington Navy Yard as Assistant Instruc- 
tor Howitzer Battery for Volunteer Officers ; January, 18G2, U. S. B. 

, February, 1862 ; U. 8. mortar flotilla ; commanding U. B. mortar 
schooner, "Sidney C. Jones," in attacks on Forts Jackson and St. Philip; 
first attack on Vicksburg under Farragut. Commissioned l/wutcnant, 
August 1, 1862 ; U. S. S. " Octorara," June, 1862, to October, 1862 ; U. S. 
S. "Jamestown," October, 1862, to February, 1865 ; U. S. S. " Santee," at 
Naval Academy, August, 1865, to December, 1865 ; U. S. S. " Dakota," 
December, 1865 ; detached on sick leave, January, 1866 ; U. S. S. 
" Augusta," special service on trip to Russ a with Assistant Secretary Fox, 
1866-67. Commissioned Lieulenani- Commander, July 25, 1866; steam-sloop 
"Powhatan," Hag-ship South Alantic Squadron, 1867-68; receiving-ship 
"Ohio," 1869; steam-sloop "Juniata," European Squadron, 1869-71; 
Naval Observatory, 1872 ; " Benicia " (third-rate), North Pacific Station, 
1872-5. Received thanks in writing from Governor of" Panama for service 
on shore with 100 men during revolution of Corrioso; commanding " Maho- 
]-»ac " (iron-clad), N. A. Station; commanding " Passaic " (iron-clad), 1876. 
C'ommissioned Commander, September 9, 1876 ; special duty, 1877 ; com- 
manding receiving-ship " Passaic," 1878-82 ; was ordered to command 
" Alliance " when in search of " Jeannette ; " orders revoked by a letter to 
the Secretary of the Navy from Admiral Porter for which no redress has 
ever been obtained ; commanding " Alert," Pacific Station, 1887-89 ; Navy 
Yard, New York, April, 1889, to February, 1890 ; commanding monitors, 
Richmond, Va., February, 1890, to April, 1892. 

COMMANDERS ON THE RETIRED LIST. 

Retired on atfaining the age of sixfy-tivo. 

Edward Hooker. — Born in Connecticut. Appointed from Rhode Island, 
July 19, 1861. Entered the service as Acting Mader ; attached to steamer 
" Louisiana," North Atlantic Squadron ; severely wounded, October 5, 1861 ; 
the first Acting Master wounded in the war; Burnside Expedition to Sounds 
of North Carolina, 1862 ; while Executive-Officer of the "Louisiana," in the 
absence of the commanding officer, fought the ship at Washington, N. C, 
September 5, 1862. Promoted to Acting Volunteer Lieutenard from Septem- 
ber 5, 1862, for "gallantry in action;" commanding steamer "Victoria," 
North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1862-3 ; commanding division of Po- 
tomac Flotilla upon Rappahannock River, 1863-5. Promoted to Acting 
Volanteer Lierdenant-Commaj'der, January 20, 1865; Naval Store-keeper, 
Navy Yard, New York, 1865-7; commanding store-ship "Idaho" and 
steamer " Unadilla," Asiatic Squadron, 1867-9. Commissioned as Lieuten- 
ant-Commander, in regular naval service, December 18, 1868 ; Inspector 
Navy Yard, New York, 1870-3; senior Line-Ofiicer, Naval Station, League 
Island, 1873-5 ; Assistant Light-House Inspector, Third District, 1875-7; 
Second Line-Officer, Naval Asylum, Philadelphia, 1877-84. (/ommissioned 
nsCommander, February 9, 1884; Navy Yard, League Island, 1884; retired, 
December 25, 1884. 

Charles A. Schetky. — Native of Pennsylvania. Entered the naval 
service, June, 1863, as Acting k'nsign; served as Executive-Officer on board 
U. S. gunboat "New Era" (No. 7), Mississippi Squadron, until close of the 
war ; was present at, and took part in, defence of Fort Pillow, Tenn., when 
that place was assaulted by rebel forces, commanded by General Forrest, 



144 COMMA XDEES. 

and after being taken, under cover of a flao; of truce, the Union forces who 
fell into the hands of the assailants were brutally massacred; July, 1865, to 
December, 1865, on duty at Jefferson Reserve, receiving and storing ord- 
nance and equipments Irom the ^Mississippi Squadron ; March, 1866, to April, 
1867, U. S. R. S. " Potomac," Pensacola, Fla ; 1867, to September, 1868, 
U. S. S. " Mahaska," ]^. A. Station. March, 1868, commissioned as blaster 
in regular navy. December, 1868, commissioned as Lieutenant; April, 1869, 
to February, 1870, U. S. monitor "Saugus," K A. Station ; May, 1870, to 
August, 18*71, U. S. R. S. "Vermont;" September, 1871, to February, 1872, 
U. S. store-ship " Pawnee," Pensacola, Fla.; March to July, 1872, on survey 
for inter-oceanic canal, in Nicaragua ; November, 1872, to July, 1873, 
Navigator of U. S. S. " AVyoming," on survey of east coast of ]\Iexico ; 
November, 1873, to November, 1874, U. S. R. S. " Vermont," New York ; 
November, 1874, to August, 1875, Executive of U. S. S. "Tuscarora," North 
Pacific Station ; August, 1875, to August, 1876, U. S. training ship "Ports- 
mouth," as Executive; November, 1876, to July, 1877, U. S. R. S. "Inde- 
pendence;" July, 1877, to January, 1878, U. S. R. S. "Constitution," as 
Executive. December, 1877, promoted to Lieutenant- Commander ; January, 
1878, to November, 1885, Executive-Officer of U. S. R. S. "St. Louis," 
League Island, Pa.; November, 1885, to September, 1886, commanding 
U. S. R. S. " St. Louis ;" leave of absence, October, 1886. September, 1887 
promoted to Commander, and retired March, 1888. 

Retired for incapacity resulting from long and faithful service, or wounds 
receivid in line of duty. 

^Villiam M. Gamble. — Born in Pennsylvania. Appointed from New 
York, May 1, 1841 ; attached to the steamer "Missouri," Home Squadron, 
1841-4; frigate "Savannah," Pacific Squadron, 184-1-6; Naval School, 
1847-8. Promoted to Passed Midshipman, August 10, 1847; frigate " St. 
Lawrence," Mediterranean Squadron, 1849-50 ; Observatory, Washington, 
1851; frigate "St. Lawrence," Pacific Squadron, 1851-3; sloop "Ports- 
mouth," Pacific Squadron, 1853-5. Commissioned as Lieutenant, September 
15, 1855; Coast Survey, 1856—8; sloop "Saratoga." Home Squadron, 
1858-60 ; steam-sloop "Powhatan," South Atlantic Squadron, 1861-2. Com- 
missioned as Lieutenant-Commander, July 16, 1862; comnuxnding steamer 
"Pocahontas," AVest Gulf Squadron, 1863 ; South Athuitic Blockading 
■Squadron, 1864. Commissioned as Commander, March 3, 1865. 

Thomas L. Swann. — Born in Maryland. Appointed from Maryland, 
December 8, 1856; graduated, June, 1860, and ordered to steam-frigate 
" Niagara," engaged on special service, conveying home Japanese Embassy, 
1860 ; returned home, April, 1861, and was ordered immediately to blockade 
Charleston, and I'rom thence as flag ship of Gulf Squadron ; active blockade 
duty on Gulf, 1861-2; present at the engagements between Forts McCrea, 
Barancas, Pensacola Navy Yard and Fort Pickens, assisted by " Niagara " 
and "Richmond" in 1861; was in boat expedition, June, 1861, which cut 
out steamer "Ariel " from under the guns of Fort Morgan. Promoted to 
Ilaster, August, 1861 ; returned home in "Niagara," in June, 1862 ; attached 
to Naval Academy, Newport, from June 14, 1862, to November, 1863. 
Commissioned as Lieutenaid, July 16, 1862 ; attached to steam-sloop 
" Brooklyn," Western Gulf Blockading Squadron, 1864 ; was present at the 
battle of j\[obile Bay, August 5, 1864, and bombardment of Fort Morgan, 
August 22, 1864; the "Brooklyn" was riddled in the action of the 8th of 
August, and returned North for repairs, September, 1864; joined the follow- 



COMMANDERS. 145 

ing month Admiral Porter's fleet in Hiimptoii Roads; Executive of" Brook- 
lyn," during both attacks on Fort Fisher ; detached i'rom " Brooklyn," 
Febrnary, 18G5, and ordered to Naval Academy, Newjiort, Rhode Island, 
and after making practice cruise with midshipmen, was ordered as Execu- 
tive-Oflicer of steamer "Algonquin ;" detached from "Algonquin," March, 
1866, and ordered to Navy Yard, Boston. Commissioned as Lieutennnt-Com- 
mander, May 2, 1866, and in July ordered as Executive Ofticer of steam- 
sloop '• ]\Iohican ;" detached for duty on the North Pacific Squadron ; 
detached from " Mohican," October, 1868, and ordered to duty at Naval 
Academy, as Head of Department of Ethics and English Studies, where he 
<,remained until 1871; "Wabash," flag-ship, European Fleet, 1871-3; 
special ordnance duty, 1873-4. Commissioned as Commander, January 6, 
1874 ; sick leave, 1874-6. Retired, 1877. 

George Mifflin Bache. — Born in District of Columbia, Nov. 12, 1840. 
Appointed from Pennsylvania, November 19, 1857; Naval Academy, 
1857-61; attached to sloop " JamestowMi," x\tlantic Squadron, 1861; steam- 
sloop "Powhatan," Blockading Squadron, 1862; afterwards "New Iron- 
sides." Conmiissi(med as Lieuienaut, July 16, 1862 ; commanding iron-clad 
" Cincinnati," JNIississippi Squadron, 1862-3 ; attack on Haines' Blutf, 
December 27, 1862; then a successful engagement at Arkansas Post; 
engagement with batteries and sharpshooters, IVIarch, 1863 ; engagement with 
Vicksburg batteries. May 27, 1863, at which time the "Cincinnati," was 
sunk. Lieutenant Bache receive<l the commendation of his commanding- 
ofKcer, Rear-Admiral Porter, for his meritorious conduct in this afliiir ; and 
General Sherman, who was an eye-witness of the engagement, testified that 
" the style in which the ' Cincinnati' engaged the battery elicited universal 
praise." Lieutenant Bache also received a letter of thanks from the Navy 
Department ; commanding steam-gunboat " Lexington," Mississippi Squad- 
ron, 1863-4 ; engagement with batteries and sharpshooters at Blair's Land- 
ing, on Red River, April 12, 1864, and at Point of Rocks, Louisiana, April 
26, 1864; steam-sloop "Powhatan," North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 
1864-5 ; both attacks on Fort Fisher, and in the naval assault on the works ; 
wounded in the right shoulder in the assiiult on Fort Fisher ; steam-sloop 
"Sacramento," special cruise, 1865-7 ; after he recovered, put in command of 
flag-ship on the James River. Commissioned as Lieute'iaid- Commander, 
July 25, 1866; Navy Yard, Philadelphia, 1868; steam-sloop "Juniata," 
European Squadron, 1869-72 ; ordnance duty, Navy Yard, Washington, 
1873-5 ; retired, 1875. After the engagement at Vicksburg, in command of 
the " Lexington," and two other gunboats, he proceeded up the White 
River to co-operate with General Davidson in making a crossing ; the river 
being too high for troops to cross gave opportunity to go further up the 
stream, where he captured a Confederate colonel and destroyed a pontoon 
bridge on the Little Red River (tributary to the White), over which the 
enemy were crossing, and captured a steamboat ; later was ordered up the 
White River to take transports from Ball's Bluff" to Little Rock, on the 
Arkansas. At Chirendon he discovered a Union steamer sunk, and imme- 
diately turned back the convoy ; giving orders to his captains to "follow 
him," he advanced toward the enemy, defeated them, and captured one of 
their guns. 

Smith Woodward Nichols. — B n-n in Massachusetts. Appointed from 
]\Iassachusetts, Sept. 27, 1858 ; Naval Academy, 1858-61 ; attached to steam- 
frigate "Wabash," Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1861. Commissioned as 
Lieutenant, July 16, 1862 ; school-ship " Macedonian," 1863 ; attached to 

10 



146 COMMANDERS. 

steam-sloop " Shenandoah," North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1863-5 ; 
bombardment of Fort Fisher, Xorth Carolina, December, 1864 ; capture of 
Fort Fisher, January, 1865 ; in charge of a company, naval land assault on 
Fort Fisher; attached to "Passaic," from January to July, 1865, South 
Atlantic Blockading Squadron. Commissioned as Lieutenant- Commander, 
July 25, 1866; steam-sloop "Shenandoah," Asiatic Squadron, 1865-9; spe- 
cial duty, Boston, 1869; U. S. S. "Terror," 1870; Navy Yard, Boston, 
1871-2; "Omaha" (second-rate). South Pacific Station, 1872-4 ; ordnance 
duty, Boston, 1876. Commissioned as Commander, Ain'il 26,1876; Light- 
House Inspector, 1876-9. Retired April, 1882. 

Edwin Tully Woodward. — Born in Vermont. Appointed Nov. 21, 
1859 ; Naval Academy, 1859-61 ; steam-sloop "Mississippi," 1861 ; attached 
to garrison of Ship Island, November 4, 1861, to January 24, 1862; gun- 
boat " Scioto," 1862 ; attack on and passage of Forts Jackson and St. Philip, 
Chalmette batteries, and capture of New Orleans ; passage of the Mississippi 
River to Yicksburg ; two attacks on Vicksburg, 1862, under Admiral Farra- 
gut, — passing the batteries both times ; engagement with rebel ram " Arkan- 
sas," above Vicksburg, 1862; sloop " Cyane," Pacific Squadron, 1863-4. 
Commissioned as Lieutenant, February 22, 1864 ; steam-frigate " INIinnesota," 
N. A. B. Squadron, 1864-5 ; two attacks on Fort Fisher (in landing party) ; 
steam-sloop " Kearsarge," European Station, 1865-6. Commissioned as 
Lieutenaid- Commander, July 25, 1866; Naval Academy, 1866-7; steam- 
frigate "Guerriere," flag-ship S. A. Squadron, 1867-8 ; steamei-s " Quinne- 
baug" and " Kansas," 1869 ; ordnance dutv, Navv Yard, New York, 
1869-71 ; "Canonicus" (iron-clad),N. A. Station, 187J-2 ; R. S. "Vermont," 
1873 ;" Brooklyn" (second-rate), flag-ship S. A. Squadron, 1874-5 ; " Van- 
dalia" (third-rate), N. A. Station, 1875-6; torpedo duty, 1877. Promoted 
Commander, February 2, 1878 ; Navy Yard, League Island, 1879-80 ; com- 
manding " Yantic," North Atlantic Station, 1881-2 ; received thanks of 
State Department ; commanding squadron of iron-clads, consisting of " Pas- 
saic," "Nantucket," and "Alarm," for instruction, 1884. Received the 
following letter: 

" Navy Department, Washington, D. C, October, 8, 1884. 

" Sir, — The Department has received your final report of the 4th inst., in 
relation to the cruise of the monitors 'Passaic,' 'Nantucket,' and ram 
'Alarm,' under your command, together with the reports of the commanding 
officers of the two last-mentioned vessels. The Department desires to com- 
mend you ibr the manner in which you have carried out the spirit of the 
instructions to make the cruise one of practical instruction to both oflieei*s 
and men, and to state that you have commanded the squadron to its 
satisfaction. "Very Respectfully, 

"Edward T. Nichols, 

'^Acting Secretary of the Kavij. 

" Commander E. T. Woodward, U. S. N., 

''Commanding U. iS. Monitor ' Passaic,' AnnajioUs, Md. 

" Forwarded, October 9, 1884. 

"F. M. Ramsey, Commanding Station." 



COi\niANDERS. 147 

Allan Danvers Brown. — Born in New York. Appointed from Xew 
York, Sept. 26, 1860 ; Naval Academy, 1860-3. Promoted to Emiyn, May 
28, 1863; steam-sloop "Iroquois," N. xV. Blockading Squadron, and special 
service, 1863-5. Promoted to Master, November 10, 1865 ; flagship "Rhode 
Island," North Atlantic Squadron, 1865-6. Promoted to Lieutenant, 
November 10, 1866; Executive Officer, "Unadilla," Asiatic Squadron, 
1866-8. Promoted to Lieutenant-Commander, March 12, 1868 ; "Unadilla," 
Asiatic Squadron, 1868-9 ; Naval Academy, 1869-70 ; practice-ship "Savan- 
nah," 1870 ; Naval Academy, 1870-2 ; " Omaha," Pacific Squadron, 1872-8 ; 
" Pensacola," flag-ship. Pacific Squadron, 1873-5; commanding detachment 
from Pensacola, protecting transit of Isthmus of Panama, September, 1873 ; 
Naval Academy, 1876-8; commanding practice-steamer " IVIayflower," 1878; 
Naval Academy, 1878-9. Promoted to Commander, January 22, 1880 ; 
Naval Academy, 1880 ; Torpedo Station, 1880-1 ; commanding training-ship 
"Jamestown," 1882-4; Naval Asylum, Philadelphia, 1884; Assistant 
Superintendent Naval Observatory, 1884-8; commanding " Kearsarge," 
special service, 1888-9; retired June 24, 1891. 

George Thornton Davis. — Born in Massachusetts. Appointed from 
Massachusetts, September 20, 1860 ; Naval Academy, 1860-3. Promoted to 
L^n>iign, October 1, 1863; attached to ironclad steamer " New Ironsides," 
South xVtlantic Blockading Squadron, 1863-4; U. S. F. "Wabash," North 
Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1864-5 ; both attacks on Fort Fisher, and 
final assault on the same; steam-sloop " Dacotah," Pacific Squadron, 1865-8. 
Promoted to Master, November 10, 1866. Commissioned as Ljieutenant, 
February 21, 1867 ; steam-ship " Plymouth," European Squadron, 1868-72. 
Conuiiissioned as Lieutenant- Commander,' December 18, 1868; "Worcester," 
flag-ship, N. A. Squadron, 1873-5 ; Navy-Yard, Boston, 1876-80 ; training- 
ship " ^^linnesota," 1881-2 ; Light-House Inspector, 1882-5. Promoted to 
Commander, February, 1883; commanding "Juniata," Pacific Station, 
1885-7. Retired, October, 1889. 

Retired binder the first section of Act of April 21, 1864. 

Greenleaf Cilley. — Appointed Midshipman from Maine, February 26, 
1841 ; frigate "Cumberland" and sloop-of-war "Plymouth," Mediterranean 
and Brazil Squadrons, 1843-46 ; Naval School, Annapolis, November, 1846 ; 
line-of-battle ship "Ohio," Gulf of JMexico, 1847; at Naval Battery, Vera 
Cruz ; co-operated with the army at jNIedellin River, on its march to and 
from Alvarado ; at the attack and ca])ture of Tuspan, -where he received a 
slight flesh wound in the leg. Naval School, and graduating as Passed 
Mulshipman, July 5, l.s48 ; frigate " Raritan," Gulf'of Mexico, 1848-50; 
store-ship "Lexington," Mediterranean, 1850-1; coast-survey steamer 
"Jefferson," 1851; dismasted and nearly foundered May 25, 1851; was 
surveyed, condemned, and left at Port Desire River, Patagonia, August, 
1851 ; returned to Montevideo in French bark "Aristide," and to New York 
in store-ship " Relief," November, 1851 ; coast-survey steamer " Legare," 
Florida Reefs, till July, 1852; in store-ship "Fredonia," New York to 
San Francisco, thence to Valparaiso, July, 1852, to ^Nlarch, 1854; frigate 
"St. Lawrence," Pacific Sta'ion, as Acting Ljieutenaid, March, 1854 to April, 
1855; sloop-of-war "Saratoga," West Indies, as Master and Lieutenant, 
1855-58 ; at the capture of AValker and his filibusters, at Greytown, Decem- 
ber 8, 1857; coast-survey steamer " Hetzel," North Carolina Sounds and 
Chesapeake Bay, 1858 ; steamer " ^Metacomet," Paraguay Expedition, 
1858-59; brig " Dolphin," Brazil Station, 1859; steamer "Pulaski," River 



H8 COMMANDERS. 

La Plata, 1859 to 1863 ; in command of said steamer and Senior Officer on 
Brazil Station, INIarcb, 1862, to 1863 ; coiuniaiul of gunboat " Unadilla," 
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, August and September, 1863. Pro- 
moted to Lieidtnant-Commander, July 16,1863; in command of monitor 
"Catskill," off Charleston, S. C, September to November, 1863; blockading 
the harbor, and at times commanding Fort Sumter; steamer "Fort Jack- 
sou," North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, March and April, 1864 ; line-of- 
battle-ships "New Hampshire" and " Vermonc," South Athmtic Blockading 
Squadron, May to August, 1864; steam-frigate "Colorado," North Atlantic 
Squadron, October to December, 1864 ; retired JNIarch, 1865. Promoted to 
Commander, Aju'il 4, 1867. 

Frederick Robinson Smith. — Born in Wiscassett, Maine. Appointed 
from ]Maine, Sept. "lA, 1858 ; Naval Academy, 1858-61 ; attached to steam- 
frigate "Colorado," flag-ship, AVest Gulf Blockading Squadron, 1861; 
steamer '' Flambeau," as Acting Master and Navigator, 1862 ; South Atlan- 
tic Blockading S(|uadron, 1862-3. Promoted to Lienienant and Ex-Ofiicer, 
August 1, 1862; engagement with Fort ^McAllister; boat expedition. Bull's 
Island, South C^irolina ; present at Admiral Dupont's first fight at Charles- 
ton, 1864 ; U. S. steam-sloop " Ticonderoga," fiag-ship of Flynig Squadron, 
West Indies, — Admiral Lardner served as Flag-Lieutenant ami Senior 
Watch-Oificer ; Executive Officer steamer '' Rhode Island," North Atlantic 
Blockatiing Squadron, 1864-5 ; both attacks on Fort Fisher ; commanded 
dftachment of seamen in the laud assault; commanded landing party from 
Rhode Island, which, together with the men, landed from H. B. M. gunboat 
" Lilly," art' >rded protection to the foreign merchants at Cape Haytien City 
during the Selnam revolution. Commissioned a LieKtenaid-Commander, July 
25, 1866 ; U. S. S. '-Ashuelot," 1865-9 ; Navigator while convoying the 
iron-clad " Miantonomah " across the xVtlantic to Qucenstown, Ireland ; did 
duty as Navigator until arrival in Hong-Kong, China, when made Executive 
Officer, and finally commanded the '-Ashuelot," until detached, 1869-70 ; 
equipment duty, Boston Navy Yard, 1871; Executive Officer U. S. fiag-ship 
"Severn." N. A. Squadron, 1871; commanded U. S. iron-clad "Ajax," on 
voyage from Key ^Vest, Florida, to League Island Navy Yard, 1872 ; Exec- 
utive Officer U. S S. "Iroquois," N. A. Station, reception fieet, Grand Duke 
Alexis, of Russia, 1872 ; ordnance duty, Navy Yard, Boston, 1873 ; Inspec- 
tor of Ordoauce at Key West, 1874; Executive Officei-, U. S. S. "Lancas- 
ter," flag-ship S. A. Squadron, 1875 ; Senior Aide to Commander Cooper, 
commanding Navy Yard. Pensacola. Commissioned as Commander, April 6, 
1875; comuianding iron-clad " 5^augus," on voyage from Pensacola to Port 
Royal, South Carolina. Retired, June 18, 1892. 

Retired from incompetency or disability proceeding from other causes not inci- 
dent to the service. 

Augustus Greenleaf Kellogg. — Born in Ohio. Appointed from Illi- 
nois, l^cpt. 21. 1860; Naval Academy- 186'). Promoted to Ensign, i\Iay 28, 
1863 ; attached to steamer " Rhode Island," North Atlantic Blockading 
Squadron, 1864; steam-sloop "Powhatan." North Atlantic Blockading 
Squadron, 1864-5 ; both attacks on Fort Fisher. Promoted to Master. Nov- 
ember 10, 1865; steam-sloop '- Shenandoah," East India Squadron, 1865-8. 
Commissioned as Lieutenant, Novetnber 10, 1866. Commissioned as Lieu- 
tenant-Commander, IMarch 12, 1868; steam-gunboat "Aroostook," Asiatic 
Squadron, 1868-9 ; iron-clad dutv. New Orleans, 1869 ; Naval Academy, 
1870-1; Ilydrographic Office, 1872; in March, 1872, with ten officei-s and 



LIEUTENANT-COMMANDERS. 149 

one liundred and fifty men, rescued the steamer " Ocea;i Queen," with pas- 
sengers, from shipwreck, on Island San Salvador ; in Jul}', received thanks 
of Pacific Mail Company for services rendered in saving life, while the steamer 
"America" was burning at Yokohama; " Michigan " (fourth-rate), l(S73-6 ; 
training-ship '' Monongahela," 1876-7; conmianding " Speedwell " (fourth- 
rate), 1877; Navy Yard, Portsmouth, 1877-80 ; commanding "Tallapoosa," 
special service, 1880-3. Promoted to Commander, July, 1880; Light-House 
Inspector, 1883-5 ; equipment duty. Navy Yard, Washington, 1885-8; com- 
manding " Ossipee," N. A. Station, 1888-9; in June, 1889, he demanded and 
obtained the reletise of the Clyde steamer " Ozam," which had been captured 
and taken to Port au Prince. Retired, December 15, 1891. 



LIEUTENANT-COMMANDERS ON THE ACTIVE 

LIST. 

James Henry Dayton.— Born in Indiana. Entered Naval Academy, 
Sept. 27, 18G2 ; graduated, 1866 ; " Pensacola " (second-rate), N. Pacific, 
18H7-9. Promotfd to Emlgn, April, 1868, and to Mmter, March 26, 186>^ ; 
" Miantonomah" (iron-clad), special service, 1870. Commissioned as Xieu- 
feua?*^, March 21, 1869; '-Plymouth," European Fleet, 1871-3; "Worces- 
ter," flag-ship N. A. Fleet. 1874 ; Naval Academy, 1875-7; " Quinnebaug," 
European Station, 1^78-81; ordnance duty. Navy Yard, Washington, 1882- 
83; Midvale Steel Works, 1883-4. Promoted to Lieutenant- Commander^ 
November, 1884 ; " Dolphin," special service, 1884 ; " Mohican," Pacific 
Station, 1884-7; Naval Ordnance Proving Ground, 1888. to March, 1892 ; 
B. S " Vermont," March, 1892, to March, 1893 ; commanding " Petrel," 
Asiatic Station, March, 1893, to date. 

Asa W^alker. — Born in New Hampshire. Entered Naval Academy, 
November 27, 1862; graduated, 1866; N. Atlantic Squadron, 1867. Pro- 
moted to Ensign, April 1868 ; ordnance duty, Portsmouth, New Hampshire, 
18(38; "Jamestown," Pacific Fleet, 1868-71. Promoted to il/rw^er, March 
26, 1869. Commissioned as Lieutenant, March 21, 1870; Naval Academv, 
1872-6 ; " Essex," S. Atlantic Station, 1876-8 ; Naval Academv, 1879-81 ; 
practice-ship "Dale," 1881-2 ; Naval Academy, 1882-3 ; "Trenton," Asiatic 
Station, 1883-4. Promoted to Lieutenant- Commander, December, 1884; 
"Monocacy," Asiatic Station, 1884; "Trenton," Asiatic Station, 1884-6 ; 
Naval Academy, 1886 to August, 1890 ; waiting orders, August, 1890, to 
October, 1891 ;' "Miantonomah." N. A. Station,' October, 1891, to March, 
1893 ; commanding " Bancroft," special service, March, 1893, to July, 1893 ; 
Naval x\cademy, July, 1893, to date. 

Morris Robinson Slidell Mackenzie. — Born in New York. Ap- 
pointed to Naval Academy, Sept 27, 1862 ; graduated, 1866 ; N. A. Station, 
1867. Promoted to Ensign, April, 1868 ; ordnance duty, Portsmouth, N. H., 
1868; "Guard," store-ship, European Fleet, 1868-9. Promoted to Maater, 
March, 26, 1869; "Franklin," flag-ship, European Fleet, 1869-71. Com- 
missioned as Lieutenant, March 21, 1870; Naval Academy, 1873-4; " Pen- 
sacola," flag-ship, N. Pacific Station, 1875-8; Naval Academy, 1877-80; 
"Essex," Asiatic Station, 1882-4. Promoted to Lieutenant- Commander, 
December, 1884 ; Light-House dutv, 1884-9 ; " Ciiicago," European Station, 
1889 to July, 1891 ; commanding " Petrel," Asiatic Station, July, 1891, to 
February, 1893 ; Light-House Inspector, June, 1893, to date. 



150 LIEUTENANI-COMMANDERS. 

Charles Stillman Sperry. — Born in New York. Entered Naval Acad- 
emy, Sept. 27, 1862 ; U. S. 8. '•Sacramento," 1860-7. Promoted to Ensign, 
April, 1868 ; ordnance duty, Boston, 1868 ; " Kearsarge," Pacific Fleet, 1868- 
70. Promoted to Master, Mar. 26, 1869. Commissioned as Lieutenant, Mar. 
21,1870; "Worcesier," flag-ship, N. A. Fleet, 1871-t; Naval Academy, 
1874-8 ; " Richmond," Asiatic Station, 1878-81 ; Naval Academy, 1881-4 ; 
" Qiiiunebaug," European Station, 1884-7. Promoted to Lieutenant- Com- 
mander, March, 1885; Naval Academy, 1887, to July, 1891; "Chicago," 
Squadron of Evolution, and S. A. Station, July, 1891, to May, 1893; 
Bureau of Ordnance, May, 1893, to date. 

Frank Courtis. — Graduated from Naval Academy, June, 1866; served 
as Michhipmnn on U. S. S. " Pawnee," South Atlantic Station, from January, 
1867, until July, 1869. Promoted to Ensign, March 12, 1868. Promoted to 
Master, March 26, 1869; joined U. S. S. "Resaca," Pacific Station, August, 
1869 ; transferred to U. S. S. "Ossipee," January, 1871 ; served on her until 
December, 1872. Promoted to Licutenaiit, ^larch 21, 1870 ; served on U. 
S. R. S. " Independence," from January until June, 1873; on leave until 
December, 1873; on "Independence " until January, 1874; joined U. S. 
Coast Survey steamer "Hassler;" served in her until November, 1876; 
commanded U. S. Coast Survey steamer " McArthur " until March, 1878 ; 
ordnance and torpedo instruction until September, 1878 ; joined U. S. S. 
"Tuscarora," November, 187 S; transferred to U. S. S. "Ranger;" served on 
lier until August, 1881 ; on duty Navy Yard, Washington, from October, 
1881, to July, 1882; on duty on U. S. S. " Mcmtauk " until December, 1882 ; 
then to Navy Yard, Washington, until April 1, 1885. Promoted to Lieuten- 
ant-Commander, Mnvch 2, 1885; served on U. S. S. "Omaha," Asiatic Sta- 
tion, from April 1, 1885, to jNIay, 1888 ; Steel Inspecticm duty, Pittsburg, 
from September 1, 1888, to June, 1890; Member Steel Inspection Board, 
June, 1890, to June, 1893; commanding " Vesuvius," special service, June, 
1893, to date. 

William Wagner Reisinger. — Born in Pennsylvania. Entered Naval 
Academy in April, 1862; graduated, 1866 ; N. A. Fleet, 1866-7 ; Asiatic Sta- 
tion, 1867-70. Promoted l;o Ensign, April, 1868 ; to Master, March 2(5, 1809 ; 
and commissioned as Lieidenant, ]\[arch 21, 1870 ; torpedo service, 1871 ; 
"Constellation " (gunnery ship), 1872; "Richmond," flagship S. Pacific 
Squadron, 1873-4 ; Hydrographic Oflice, 1875-6 ; ordnance duty, Wasiiing- 
ton, 1877-9 ; "Trent," on European Station, 1879-82; in charge of Bellevue 
Magazine, 1882-4; " Yantic," N. A. Station, 1884-6. Promoted to Lieuten- 
ant-Commander, June, 1885; "Omaha," Asiatic Station, 1888 to August, 
1891 ; Bureau of Navigation, August, 1891, to June, 1892; R. S. "Dale," 
June, 1892, to date. 

John Contee Rich — Born in New York. Appointed to Naval Acad- 
emy, September 23, 1862; graduated in 1866; Nortli Atlantic Station, 1867. 
Promoted to Ensign, K\)r\\, 1868; Asiatic Squadron, 1868-71. Promoted 
to Master, March 26, 1869. Commissioned as Lieutenant, March 21, 1870; 
"Mahopac" (iron-clad), N. A. Station, 1871-2; " Ossipee," N. A. Station, 
1873 ; sick leave, 1874; "Alert," Asiatic Fleet, 1875-8; Navy Yard, League 
Island, 1878-83; "Alliance," N. A. Station, 1883-5. Promoted to Lieuten- 
ant-Commander, June, 1885; R. S. "Vermont," 1886-9; " Pah)s," Asiatic 
Station, January, 1890, to November, 1892; receiving-ship " INIinnesota," 
January, 1893, to October, 1893 ; Naval Station, Port Royal, October, 1893, 
to date. 



LIEUTENANT-COMMANDERS. 151 

William Turnbull Burwell. — Born in Mississippi, Entered Naval 
Academy, September 29, 1862 ; graduated in 1866 ; Asiatic Station, 1867-71. 
Promoted to Endgn in April, 1868. Promoted to Master, March 26, 1869. 
Commissioned as TJeutenant, jNIarch 21, 1870 ; " Worcester," flag-ship North 
Athuitic Fleet, 1872-5 ; " Hartford," flag-ship North Atlantic Fleet, 1876 ; 
special duty. New York, 1877; "Trenton," European Station, 1877-81; 
Naval Academy, 1881-5 ; "Juniata," cruise to all stations, 1885-9 ; in com- 
mand of "Juniata" during cruise on Asiatic Station. Promoted to Lieuten- 
ant-Commander, September, 1885; Navy Yard, Norfolk, 1889, to February, 
1893 ; commanding " Pinta," Alaska, February, 1893, to date. 

John Jacob Hunker. — Born in Pennsylvania. Entered Naval Academy, 
April 18, 1862; graduated, 1866; "Susquehanna," flag-ship North Atlantic 
Station, 1866-8. Promoted to Ensign, April, 1868; "Franklin," flag-ship 
European Squadron, 1869-71. Promoted to Master, March 26, 1869. Com- 
missioned as i>'ie?/ie»a?><, March 21,1870; torpedo service, 1872; "Michi- 
gan," (fourth-rate\ 1873; " Swatara," North Atlantic Station, 1874-5; 
" Michigan" (fourth-rate), 1876; torpedo duty, 1877; nautical school-ship 
" St. Mary's," 1878-80 ; " Richmond," Asiatic Station, 1882-4 ; " Michigan," 
Northwestern Lakes, 1884-7. Promoted to Lieutenant-Commander, October, 
1885 ; "Adams," Pacific Station, 1889, to July, 1890 ; K. S. " Independence," 
July, 1890, to April, 1891 ; " Palos." Asiatic Station, April, 1891, to June, 
1893 ; R. S. "Wabash," June, 1893, to date. 

Franklin Hanford. — Born in New York. Entered Naval Academy, 
November 29, 1862; graduated, 1866; "Saco," N. A Station, 1866-67; 
" Kearsarge" (third-rate), 1867-8. Promoted to Ensign, April, 1868; " Tus- 
carora," North Atlnntic Station, 1868-71. Promoted to Master, March 26, 
1869; and commissioned as LJeutenant, March 21, 1870; " Wabash," flag- 
ship European Fleet, 1872-4; torpedo duty, 1874; R. S. "Vermont,' 
1874—5 ; " Tennessee," flag-ship Asiatic Squadron, 1875-6 ; "Ashuelot," As- 
iatic Fleet, 1876-7; "Tennessee," Asiatic Station, 1877-8 ; Navy Yard, New 
York, 1878-81; " Pensacola," Paciflc Station, 1881-4 ; ordnance duty, Navy 
Yard, Washington, 1884-5. Promoted to Lieutenant- Commander, October, 
1885; Inspector Ordnance, West Point Foundry, 1885-8; "Pensacola," 
1888-91; special duty, 1888-9 ; scientific expedition to West Africa, 1889- 
90; South Atlantic and South Pacific Stations, 1890-1; Navy Yard, New 
York, 1892, April 1, 1892, to date. 

Frederick William Crocker. — Born in Massachusetts. Entered Naval 
Academy, September 26, 1862; graduated, 1866; North Atlantic Station, 

1867. Promoted to Ensir/n, April, 1868 ; ordnance duty, Boston, 1868 ; 
" Santee," North Atlantic Station, 1860-9. Promoted to Master, March 26, 
1869, and commissioned as Lieutenant, March 21, 1870; special duty. New 
York, 1870; " Shenandoah," European Fleet, 1870-2 ; "Brooklyn," Euro- 
pean Fleet, 1873; torpedo duty, 1874; "Richmond," Pacific Squadron, 
1875-6; "Onward" (store-ship)", Callao, 1877; R. S. " Wabash," 1878-82; 
" Iroquois," Pacific Station, 18-^2-5 ; R. S. " New Hampshire," 1885-6. 
Promoted to Lieutenant- Commander, January, 1888 ; " Mohican," Pacific 
Station, 1888 to November, 1891; leave of absence, November, 1891, to 
December, 1892; R. S. " Wabash," December, 1892, to May, 1893 ; Light- 
House Inspector, May, 1893, to date. 

Robert Mallory Berry. — Born in Kentucky. Entered Naval Academy, 
June 31, 1862; graduated, 1866; "Guerriere," flag-ship. South Atlantic 
Station, 1867-8 ; " Kansas," same station, 1869. Promoted to Ensign, April, 

1868, and to 3faster, March 26, 1869; "Cyane," Pacific Fleet, 1869-72. 



152 LIEUTENANT-COMMANDERS. 

Commissioned as Lieutenant, March 21 , 1870 ; " Dictator " (iron-clad), North 
Atlantic Station, 1873; "Franklin," flag-ship European Fleet, 1874-6; 
torpedo duty, summer of 1877; "Saratoga," training-ship, 1877-81; com- 
manding Rodger's special service, 1881-2 ; nautical school-ship " St. Mary's," 
1882-6. Proi.oted to Xieuiena^i- C'om>««»f?er, February, 1886 ; "Atlanta," 
North Atlantic Station, 1886-8; Light-House Inspector, 1889 to March, 
1892; commanding " Michigan," March, 1892, to date. 

Samuel Williams Very.— B..rn in England, April 23, 1846 Entered 
Naval Academy, February 23, 1863; was graduated June, 1866. Commis- 
sioned as Ensign, March 12, 1868 ; as Mnder, March 26, 1869 ; as Lieutenant, 
March 21, 1870 ; as Lieutenant- Commander, March 4, 1886 ; at Naval Acad- 
emy and in practice-ships "Macedonian," " Marblehead," "Marion." and 
" Savannah," 1863-6 ; " Resaca," " Mohican," and "Onward," Pacific Sta- 
tion, 1866-71 ; Torpedo Station, 1871-2 ; " Lancaster" and " Wasp," South 
Atlantic Station, 1872-4; Boston Navy Yard, 1874-5; "Omaha," South 
Pacific Station, 1875 ; " Richmond," same and South Atlantic Station, 1875 
-77; Naval Academy and in the practice-ship "Constellation," 1877-80; 
Hydrographic Office, Washington, 1880 ; Magnetic Observations, Hudson's 
Bay and coast of Labrador, under Coast Survey, 1880-2 ; in charge of 
Transit of- Venus Expedition to Patagonia, 1882-3; "Tennessee," North 
Atlantic Station, 1883-6 ; Torpedo Station, 1886 ; Inspection of Steel, 1886 
-87 ; War College, 1887 ; Naval Academy, in charge of ships, 1887-90 ; 
special duty, connected with the " Newark," August, 1890, to November, 
1891 ; " Boston," Pacific Station, November, 1891, to November, 1893 ; leave 
of absence, November, 1 893, to date. 

Henry Newman Manney. — Born in Indiana. Entered Naval xicad- 
emy, September 24, 1861 ; graduated in 1866 ; steam-sloop " Kesaca," N. P. 
Squadron, 1866-8. Promoted to Ensign in April, 1869. Promoted to Mas- 
ter, March 26, 1869; "Swatara," N. Atlantic Fleet, 1870-1; "Marion," 
1871. Commissioned as Lieutenant, March 21, 1870; "Michigan," 1872-3; 
"Independence," 1873; steam-sloop "Tuscarora," surveying duty in Pacific, 
1873; " Ivearsarge," Asiatic Fleet, 1873-5; steamer " Yantic," Asiatic Sta- 
tion, 1875-6; "Alaska," Pacific Station, 1878-81; Torpedo Instruction, 
1881-2; Naval Academy, 18S1-1. Promoted to Lieutenant- Commander, 
October, 1886 ; " Lancaster," European and S. Atlantic Station, 1884-7 ; 
"Trenton," 1887; Hydrographic Office, 1888 ; Naval Home, Philadelphia, 
1889 to June 1891; "Newark," June, 1891 to September, 1892; Naval 
Home, Philadelphia, September, 1892, to date. 

Chapman Coleman Todd. — Born in Kentucky. Entered Naval x\.cad- 
emy, October 9, 1861 ; graduated in 1866; steam-sloop "Resaca," N. Pacific 
Fleet, 1866-8. Promoted to Ensign, April, 1868 ; Pacific Fleet, 1869. 
Promoted to Mader, INIarch 26, 1869. Commissioned as Lieutenant, March 
25, 1870 ; Pacific Fleet, 1870-1 ; " Worcester," flag ship, N. A. Station, 
1872 ; " Wyoming," N. A. Station, 1873 ; Hydroijraphic Office, 1874 ; " Pen- 
sacola," flag-ship N. Pacific Station, 1875-6 ; R. S. " Franklin." 1877-8 ; 
" Lackawanna," Pacific Station, 1878-9 ; " Wyoming." Naval Station, Port 
Royal, 1881-2; " Kearsarg^'," European Station, 1883-5 ; ordnance duty, 
Navy Yard, Washingt(m, 1885-6. Promoted to Lieutenant- Commander, 
November, 1886 ; Naval Academv, 1886-9 ; Cnarlestown, special service, 
1889 to November, 1891 ; R. S. "Minnesota," November, 1891 to January, 
1893 ; Inspector of Ordnance Navy Yard, Norfulk, January, 1893, to date. 

Joseph Newton Hemphill. — Appointed to the Naval Academy, Ohio. 
Entered the Academy, at Newport, R. I., and was warranted a Midshipman, 



LIEUTENANT-COMMANDERS. 153 

September 27, 1862 ; graduated at Annapolis, June, 1866 ; was ordered to 
the "Tacony," transferred to the "Osceola" and then to the " INIononga- 
hela," during the autumn and winter of 1866; wrecked in the West India 
earthquake, November, 1867, and bi'ought rorth in the " De Soto," Decem- 
ber, 1867; was commissioned an Ensign, March 12, 1868, and served on 
board the " De Soto" part of that year; duty at League Island, autumn of 
1868, and on the " Kenosha," afterwards the "Plymouth," from December, 
1868, to July 1873; commissioned Mmter, March 26, 1869, and Lieutenant, 
March 21, 1870 ; duty at Norfolk Navy Yard, as Navigation Officer, 1874 ; 
Navigator of the " Tuscarora," deep-sea sounding, 1875-76 ; Coast Survey 
steamer "Gedncv," and U. S. S. "Swatara," 1877-8; Washington Navy 
Yard and Naval' Observatory, 1879-80; "Powhatan," October 1880 to Sep- 
tember 1883 ; Torpedo School and Washington Gun Factory, 1884-87 ; 
commissioned Lieidenant-Covimanrlcr, January 26, 1887; "Jamestown," 
December, 1887 to August, 1890 ; Board of Inspection and Survey, Septem- 
ber, 1890 to November, 1893; commanding "Fern," November, 1893, to 
date. 

Abraham Bruyn Hasbrouck Lillie. — Born in New York. Entered 
Naval Academy, Sept. 24, 1<S62 ; graduated, 1866 ; " Kearsarge" (third-rate), 
Pacific Fleet, 1867-70. Promoted to Ensign, April, 1868. Promoted to 
Master, March 26, 1869. Commissioned as Lieutenant, March 21, 1870 ; 
"Shawmut" (third-rate), N. iV. Fleet, 1871-2; " Brooklyn " (second-rate), 
European Station, 1872-6 ; Navy Yard, New York, 1876-7 ; "Constellation " 
(training-ship\ 1877-8; Navy Yard, New York, 1878-9; "Nipsic," special 
duty, 1879-83; R. S. "Coh)rado," 18S3-4; R. S. "Vermont," 1884-5; 
"Juniata," Asiatic Station, 1885-6. Promoted to Lieutenant- (.'nmmander, 
January, 1887 ; " Richmond," N. A. Station, 1886-8 ; Navy Yard, New 
York, 1888, to March, 1<S92 ; "Baltimore," Asiatic Station, March, 1892, to 
Mav, 1893 ; sick leave, May, 1893, to October, 1<^93 ; Navy Yard, Norfolk, 
October, 1893, to date. 

William Thomas Swinburne. — Born in Rhode Island. Entered 
Naval Academy, Sept. 24, 1862 ; graduated, 1866 ; " Kearsarge" (third-rate). 
Pacific Fleet, 1867-70. Promoted to EnMgn, April, 1868 ; to Master, INIarch 
26, 1869. Commissioned as Lienteimnt, March 21, 1880; "Michigan" 
(fourth-rate), 1871-2 ; " Lancaster," flag-sliip, South Atlantic Station, 
1872-5; Torpedo Station, 1«75 ; "Hartford," flag-ship, N. A. Station, 
1876-7; C. S. S. "Hassler," 1879-81 ; comn)anding C. S. S. "McArthur," 
1881-3; "Trenton," Asiatic Station, 1^83-6. Promoted to Lientenant- 
Commander, March, 1887; Naval Academy, 1886-90; U. S. S. " Boston," 
Pacific Station, August, 1890 to April, 1893; Naval Academy, April, 1893, 
to date. 

\A^illiam Hemsley Emory. — Born in District of Columbia. Entered 
Naval Academy, ^ept. 23, 1862 ; graduated in 1866 ; " Iroqunis," (third-rate), 
Asiatic Station, 1867-9, and "Maumee," same station, 1869-70. Promoted 
to Ensign, April, 186'S. Promoted to Master, March 26, 1869. Commis- 
sioned as Lieidenant, March 21, 1870; Naval Observatory. 1871 ; ''Constel- 
lation" (gunnery-ship), Washington, 1872; "Hartford," flag-ship, Asiatic 
Station, 1873-4; " Franklin," flag-ship, European Station, 1875-6; Naval 
Academy, 1877-8; "Trenton," European Station, 1880-1; special duty, 
Washington, 1881-8 ; temporary command of " Pales," Asiatic Station, 
l<"-^83; Aide to the Admiral, 1883-4; commanding the "Bear," Greely 
Relief Expedition, 1884; commanding " Despatch," special service, 1885-6 ; 
commanding " Thetis," special service, N. Pacific, 1886-9. Promoted to 



154 LIEUTENANT-C0M3IANDEES. 

• 
Lieutenant- Commander, May, 1*^(87; Naval Attache, London, England, 
1889, to February, 1893 ; leave of absence fiom February, 1>*93, to date. 

George Augustus Bicknell. — Born in New Jersey, May 15, 1846. 
Acting Midshipman, from Indiana, Dec. 2, 1801; served as First Lieutenant of 
a company in Indiana during the Morgan Raid, until Regiment was nmstered 
out; graduated, 1866 ; '• Iroquois," Asiatic Fleet, 1867-70 ; at the opening 
of the Forts Kobe and Osaka, Japan, to trade, in 1868 ; in landing party re- 
pelling attack of Prince Hyzea ; at Yokohama was second in command of the 
marines of two ships, on out-post duty, protecting Yokohama until good order 
Avas restored, about ten days, during which the fleet left. Promoted to Eu~ngn, 
April, 1868 ; to M<ister, March, 1869 ; to Lieutenant, March 21, 1870 ; to Lieu- 
tenant-Commander, May, 1886. Naval Academy Instructor, 1870-1; " Worces- 
ter," flag-ship, North Atlantic, 1872-5 ; Torpedo Station, 1875 ; South Pacific 
and South Atlantic Stations, 1875-6; flag-ships "Richmond" and the 
'• Omaha." Navigator of the " Wachusett," S. A. Station, 1879, goins np the 
Mississi|)pi, one hundred miles above Vicksburg ; Navigator of "INIarion," 
1880-2 ; cruised from ]Montevideo to Heard's Island, about seven thousand 
miles, and rescued thirty survivors of shipwrecked bark " Trinity;" inspector 
of steel for Advisory Board, at Chester Rolling Mills, and at Standard Steel 
Works, Thurlow, Pa. (for Construction Bureau also), at the Combination 
Iron Works, Lamokin, Pa., and at Roach ship-building works, boiler-plates, 
ship-plates, shafting, rivets, for " Chicago," '• IBoston," "Atlanta," an<l " Dol- 
phin," and structural steel shapes, 1883-6 ; Asiatic Station, Executive Oflicer, 
" Essex," 1886-9 ; assistant in equipment, Navy Yard, New York, 1889, to 
May, 1891; "Atlanta," December, 1892, to July, 1893 ; R. S. "Franklin," 
July, 1893, to date. 

Charles Thomas Hutchins. — Born in Pennsylvania. Entered Naval 
Academy, June 1, 1862 ; graduated, 1866 ; Asiatic Squadron, 18*57-70. Pro- 
moted to Ensign, April, 1868 ; to MtMer, March 26, 1869. Commissioned 
as Lieutenant, March 21, 1870; Naval Observatory, 1871; "Wyoming," N. 
A. Station, 1872-4 ; Coast Survey, 1875 ; commanding Coast Survey steamer 
"Endeavor," 1875-6; commanding "Lehigh" (iron-clad), 1876-7; Hvdro- 
graphic Office, 1877; " Supply," special service, 1877-9 ; Navy Yard, Wash- 
ington, 1879-80 ; Coast Survey Office, 1880-1; ''Lancaster," European 
Station, 1881-4 ; Naval Academy, 1884-6 ; " Marion," Asiatic Station, 
1886-90; Promoted to LieutenantConimander, June 1887 ; Bureau of Equip- 
ment, Muly, 1890, to May, 1893 ; commanding, '• Thetis," special service, 
May, 1<S93, to date. 

Seth Mitchell Ackley. — Born in Massachusetts. Entered Naval Acad- 
emy, Oct. 4, 1862 ; graduated, 1866 ; " Guerriere," N. A. Station, 1867. Pro- 
moted to Ensign in April, 186S; " Gettysburg," N. A. Station, 1868-9. Pro- 
moted to Master, March 26, 1869 ; " Yantic," N. A. Station, 1870-1. Com- 
missioned as Lieutenant, March 21, 1870; Naval Observatory, 1872; 
"Omaha," S. P. Station, 1872-3 ; S. S. "Onward," Callao, Peru,^ 1874-5 ; 
ordnance duty. Navy Yard, Washington, 1876 ; R. S. "Wyoming," 1876-7; 
Coast Survey steamer "Blake," 1877; commanding C. S. S. "Eagre," 1878- 
80; " Palos*" special service, 1881-3 ; Hydrographic Office, 1884-6 ; "Quin- 
nebaug," European Station, 18S7-9. Promoted to Lieutenant- Commander, 
June, 18^7; Coast Survey Office, 1889, to December, 1893 ; commanding 
" Yantic," S. A Station, December, 1«93, to date. 

William Wilberforce Gillpatrick. — Born in Ohio. Entered Naval 
Academy from Kansas, Sept. 27, 1862 ; graduated in 1866; flasr-ships " Rhode 
Island" and "Susquehanna," North Atlantic Station, 1866-7; flag-ship 



LIEUTENANT-COMMANDERS. 155 

" Franklin," European Station, 1867-"^. Promoted to Eimgn, March, 1868 ; 
" Ticonderoga," European Station, 1868-9. Promoted to Master, INIarch, 1869 ; 
flag-ship " Severn," North Athmtic Station, 1869-71. Promoted to LiKuien- 
a«i, March, 1870 ; " Yantic," Asiatic Station, 1872-5 ; -'Hartford," Asiatic 
Station, 1875 ; " Lackawanna," North Pacific Station, 1877-8 ; Coast Survey 
steamer " Hassler," Pacific Coast, 1878-9; torpedo instruction, 1879; flag- 
ship " Shenandoah," South Atlantic Station, 1879-82 ; Hydrou^raphic Oflice, 
1882-5 ; " Omaha," Asiatic Station, 1885-6 ; " Monocacy," Asiatic Station, 
1886-9 ; the hist six months' service on board this vessel being in command. 
Promoted to Lieutenant- Commander, July, 1887; Naval Academy, 1889, to 
June, 1893 ; " Chicago," European Station, June, 1893, to date. 

Benjamin Sayre Richards. — Born in Pennsylvania. Entered Naval 
Academy, Oct. 22, 1861 ; graduated, 1866 ; " De Soto" (second-rate), N. A. 
Station, 1867-8. Promoted to Ensign, 186s ; R. S. "New Hampshire," 
1869-70 ; retired, 1869 ; restored to active list, 1872. Commissioned as Lieu- 
tenant, March 21, 1871; R. S. "New Hampshire," 1873; "Portsmouth," 
Pacific Fleet, 1874-5 ; " Lackawanna," N. P. Station, 1875-7; R. S. " Frank- 
lin," 1877-8 ; Navy Yard, Pensacola, 1881-2 ; " Wachusett," Pacific Station, 
1882-5; ordnance duty. Navy Yard, Washington, 1885-6; R. S. "Frank- 
lin," 1886-9. Promoted to Litvienant-Covnnander, August 1887; "Mo- 
nocacy," Asiatic Station, 1889, to November, 1892 ; Navy Yard, New York, 
November, 1892, to date. 

Benjamin Franklin Tilley. — Born in Rhode Island. Entered Naval 
Academy, Sept 22, 1863; graduated, 1867 ; "Franklin," flag-ship, Euro- 
pean Fleet, 1867-8 ; steamer"" Frolic," 1868-9. Promoted to Ensign, 1868 ; 
"Lancaster," flag-ship, S. A. Fleet, 1869-72. Promoted to Master, 1870, and 
commissioned as Lieutenant, 1871; "Pensacola," flag-ship. South Pacific 
Fleet, 1873-5; R. S. "New Hampshire," 1875 ; "Hartford," flag-ship, N. 
A. Station, 1875-7; "Powhatan," flag-ship, N. A. Station, 1877-8; Naval 
Academv, 1879-81; practice-steamer " Standish," 1881; Naval Academy, 
1882 ; "Tennessee," N. A. Station, 1882-5 ; Naval Academy, 1885-9. Pro- 
moted to Lieutenant- Commander, September, 1887; ordnance duty, Navy 
Yard, Washington, 1889-90 ; U. S. S. " San Francisco," November, 1890, to 
Julv, 1893 ; Naval Academy, July, 1893, to date. 

Harry Knox. — Born in Ohio. Entered Naval Academy, March 2, 
1863; graduated, 1867; "Franklin," flag-ship, European Fleet, 1867-9. 
Promoted to Ensign, 1868. Promoted to Master, 1870 ; Pacific Fleet, 1870-2. 
Commissioned as Lieutenant, 1871 ; " Monongahela," S. A. Station, 1873-5. 
Naval Academy, 1876-9; "Adams," Pacific Station, 1879-82; Naval Acad- 
emy, 1882-6 ; " Boston," special service, 1886-90. Promoted to Lieutenant- 
Commander, January, 1888; Naval Academy, June, 1890, to date. 

Clifford Hardy West. — Born in New York. Appointed from New 
York, and resident of New York. Entered U. S. Naval Academy at New- 
port,"R. I., September 21, 1863. Was graduated as Midshipman from the 
Academy at Annapolis, Md., June, 1867-1870; European Station, frigate 
" Minnesota ; " store-ship " Supply ; " steam-sloop " Ticonderoga ; " frigate 
"Franklin," Admiral Faragut ; steam-sloop, "Plymouth." Promoted to 
Ensign, December 18, 1868 ; 1870-1871, duty in Navv Department Office of 
Chief Signal Officer. Promoted to Master, March"21, 1870 ; 1871-1873, 
steam-sloop " Wyoming," in West Indies during complications with Spain 
as to steamers "Virginius" and "Edgar Stuart." Made running survey of 
east coast of Mexico. Promoted to Lieutenant, March 21, 1871 ; 1873-1875, 
ordnance duty, Navy Yard, New York ; 1875-1877, Navigator of steamer 



156 LIEUTENANT-COMMANDERS. 

" Frolic," South Atlantic Station; 1877-1879, ordnance duty, Navy Yard, 
New York; 1879-1883, steam-sloop "Alliance, North Atlantic Station; 
survey on Great Bank of Newfoundland, and Executive Othcer during the 
search for Lieutenant De Long on east coast of Greenland, Iceland and 
Spitzbergen ; 1883-1885, Light-House duty. New York ; 1885-1886, com- 
manding Light-House steamer " Madrono," New York to California ; 1886- 
1890, Asiatic Station; on staffs of Ri\'ir- Admirals Chandler and Belknap, 
frigate " Brooklyn ; " steam-sloops, " Marion " and " Omaha," double-ender 
" Monocacy." Promoted to Lieutenant-Commander, 'Mavch. ol,l^d<9>; 1890, 
ordnance duty. Navy Yard, New York ; 1890-1892, Light-House duty, New 
York; 1892-1893, commanding Light-House steamer " Columbine," New 
York to Oregon ; 1893, Light-House duty. New York, to date. 

John Porter Merrell. — Born in New York. Entered Naval Academy, 
July 20, 1863 ; graduated, 1867; " Tieonderoga" and " Franklin," European 
Fleet, 1867-8 ; "Plymouth," European Flee't, December, 1868, to April 26, 
1870; signal duty, VVashington, May 16, 1870, to July 22, 1870; " Guard," 
Fishing Banks, and Darien Expedition, July 22, 1870, to August, 1871 ; 
torpedo duty, January 25, 1872, to September 13, 1S75 ; " Swatara," North 
Atlantic Fleet, September 13, 1875, to August 24, 1877 ; in charge of naval 
ordnance proving grounds, September 24, 1877, to February 6, 1879 ; 
"Marion," North Atlantic and South Atlantic Fleets, February. 6, 1879, to 
October 18. 1881; '-Shenandoah," South Atlantic Fleet, October 18. 1881, 
to May 22.1882; Naval Academy, September 1,1882, to August, 1887; 
flag-ships " Pensacola " and " Q.uinnsbaug," and '"Lancaster," European 
Station (staff of commander-in-chief), August 24, 1887, to June 24, 1889 ; 
Naval Academy, August 12, 1889, to Juno, 1893. Promoted to Master, 
March, 1870; L'eute)iant, March, 1871; Lieutenant- Commander, May, 
1888 ; " Baltimore," Asiatic Station, June, 1893, to date. 

Joseph Giles Eaton. — Born in Ahibama. Entered Naval Academy, 
September 23, 1863 ; graduated, 1867 ; '" Tieonderoga," European Fleet, 
1867-8. Promoted to £'/<.'*/(7/i, 1868 ; '•Richmond," European Fleet, 1869; 
Darien Expedition, 1869-71. Promoted to Master, 1870 ; and commissioned 
as Lieutenant, 1871; ordnance duty, Boston, 1872; "Dictator" (iron-clad), 
N. A. Station. 1873-4; special duty, Darien Survey, 1874-5; "Marion." 
European Station, 1876-7 ; "Alaska," Pacific Station, 1877-81 ; Naval 
Academy, 1881-4 ; "Ranger," Pacific Station, 1884—7; Inspector of Steel, 
new cruisers. 1887-8. Promoted to Lieutenant- Commander, June, 1888 ; 
Inspector of Ordnance, South Boston Iron Works, 1888-90 ; Inspector of 
Steel at Nashua Steel AVorks, October, 1890, to March, 1891; '•:Monon- 
gahela," March, 1891, to June, 1893; member Steel Inspection Board, June, 
1893, to date. 

William Irwin Moore. — Born in Virginia. Entered Naval Academy, 
A]nil 12. LS02; graduated. 1866; " ^[onongahcla" (second-rate), N. A. 
Station, 1866-8. Promoted to Ensir/n in April, 1868. Promoted to Master, 
March 26, 1869 ; Pacific Fleet, 1869-72. Commissioned as Lieutenant, 
March 21, 1870; "Ajax " (iron-clad), N. A. Station, 1873-4; Torpedo 
Station, 1875-6; Coast Survey steamer " Bache," 1876-7; commanding 
C. S. schooner " Ready," 1877-8 ; " Marion," North and South Atlantic, 
1878-81 ; Navy Yard, Norfolk, 1881-2 ; Naval Academy, 1882-3 ; "Hart- 
ford," Pacific Station, 1885-6 ; "Adams," Pacific Station, 1886-8. Promoted 
to Lieutenant- Commandf.r, October 31, 1888; Torpedo Station, 1888, to No- 
vember, 1891 ; Coast Survey Office, November. 1891, to January, 1892 ; 
commanding Coast Survey steamer " Patterson," January, 1892, to date. 



LIEUTENANT-COMMANDERS. 157 

Charles Belknap. — Born in New Jersey. Entered Naval Academy 
as 3Iidshipmav, i'rom Second District, New York, July, 1<^G4 ; was grad- 
uated, June, 1867; "Minnesota," special service, July to September, 1867; 
" Ticonderoga," European Station, 1867-S ; " Canandaigua," special service, 
1868-9. Promoted to Eimgn, December, 1H68 ; receiving-ship " Vermont," 
April to June, 1869 ; Pacific Fleet, " Cyane " and " Resaca," July, l'S69, to 
November, 1872, Promoted to Mader, 1870, and to Lieuienani, 1871; liy- 
drographic Office, April to October, 1^7o; Naval Academy, 1873-6 ; Navi- 
gator, " Kearsarge," Asiatic Fleet. 1876-7; Executive "Asliuelot," Asiatic 
Fleet, 1877-9 ; Naval Academy (Physics and Chemistry), 1879-82 ; Navi- 
gator "Vandalia," North Atlantic Station, 1882-4 ; Naval Academy (, Phy- 
sics and Chemistry), 1884-5 ; in charge of buildings and grounds and assist- 
ant to superintendent, 1885-8 ; torpedo instruction and in attendance Naval 
War College, 1888 ; Executive " Kearsarge," special service and North At- 
lantic Station, 1888-91. Promoted to Lieaienant Commander, February, 
1889 ; Torpedo Station, 1891, to date. 

Fernando Padilla Gilmore. — Born in Ohio, Entered Naval Academy, 
February 28, 1863; graduated, 1867; "Canandaigua," European Fleet, 
1867-9. Promoted to Endgp, 1<^68 ; Pacific Fleet, 1869-72. Promoted to 
Master, 1%1Q\ and commissioned JAeutenant, \d>ll; " Dictator " (iron-clad), 
N. A, Station, 1873 ; "Franklin," flag-ship, European Fleet, 1874-6 ; tor- 
pedo duty, summer of 1877; Hydrographic Office, 1878-9 ; " Swatara," and 
" Monocacy," Asiatic Station, 1879-82 ; "Richmond," Asiatic Station, 1883- 
84 ; "Trenton," Asiatic Station, 1884-5;" Monocacy," Asiatic Station, 1885- 
86; inspector steel, new cruisers, 1886-90. Promoted to /vict/tojan^ Com- 
mander, March, 1889 ; U.S. S, "Lancaster," Asiatic Station, March, 1890, 
to February, 1893 ; member Board of Inspection, San Francisco, February, 
1893, to date. 

Eugene Henry Cozzens Leutze. — Born in Prussia. Entered Naval 
Academy, March 4, 1863 ; during summer of 1864, while on leave of absence 
from Academy, volunteered for active service, and was employed on board U. 
S. S. " Monticello," Lieutenant Wm. B. Cashing, commanding, on the North 
Atlantic Blockading Squadron ; graduated in June, 1867 ; " JNIinnesota," "Can- 
andaigua," and "Ticonderoga," European Fleet, 1867-9. Promoted Ensign, 
1868; receiving-ship "A^erniont," at New York, 1869; "Severn," flag-ship. 
North Atlantic Fleet, 1869-71; while attached to the "Severn," was favorably 
mentioned in an official report of Captain Lowry to Rear- Admiral Poor, for 
coolness and efficiency on an emergency created by the iron-clad " Terror," 
running into the " Severn." Promoted to Mader, 1870, and commissioned 
Lieutenan.f,lH7\; "Worcester," flag-ship. North Atlantic Fleet, 1872; Nic- 
araguan Surveying Expeditions, 1872-3 ; had charge of one of the surveying 
parties, and surveyed and examined the routes on the westsideof Lake Nicara- 
gua, along the valleys of the rivers Sopoa, Ochomoga and Gil Gonzales ; also 
surveyed from the river Serai)equi to Greytown, on the east side of the lake, 
and ran the first straight line of twenty miles through the swamps and jungle 
back of Greytown to the Atlantic at that town ; leave of absence and Hydro- 
graphic Office, 1873 ; Panama Surveying Expedition, 1874-5 ; Executive Offi- 
cer, and injcharge of the party surveying the upper part of the Chagres River, 
and the middle part of the canal route; "Tuscarora," North Pacific Fleet, 
1875; on special duty in charge of deep-sea sounding from Honolulu, Sandwich 
Islands, to Brisbane, Australia ; Coast Survey, 1876-80; commanding U. S, 
C. S. " McArthur," 1877-80, on Pacific Coast; leave of absence, 1880-2; 
employed by Tehuantepec Railroad Company to survey and explore for bar- 



153 LIEUTENANT-COMMANDERS. 

bor on Pacific side of Isthmus of Tehuantepec; and engaged ^fterwards in 
starting the building of a breakwater and railroad at proposed western termi- 
nus of road; U. S. monitor "Nantucket," 1882; Executive Officer U. S. S. 
"Juniata," 1882-5; Navigator, Persian Gulf, India, and Burmah, Asiatic 
Station, East Coast of Africa, and Madagascar ; U. S. Naval Academy, 
1886-7; in Department of Seamanshij) ; practice-ship "Constellation," 1887; 
Executive Officer, Naval Academy, 1887-90 ; head of Department of Mod- 
ern Languages. Promoted to Lieutenant- Commander, in March, LStO; 
ordered as Executive of U. S. S. " Philadelphia, 1890, to November, 1892; 
Navy Yard, Washington, November, 1892, to date. 

Uriel Sebree. — Born in Wisconsin. Entered Naval Academy, July 23, 
1863; graduated, 1867; " Canandaigua," European Fleet, 1867-9. Promoted 
to Enkgn, 1868 ; Pacific Fleet, 1869-72. Promoted to Master, 1870, and 
commissioned as Lieutenant, 1871; "Dictator" (iron-clad), North Atlantic 
Station, 1873; "Franklin," flag-ship, European Station, 1873-6; torpedo 
duty, summer of 1>'77; C. S. S. " Bache," 1878 ; commanding C. S. S. " Silli- 
man," 1879 ; commanding C. S. S. " Gedney," 1879-81; Texas Coast, U. S. S. 
" Brooklyn," South Atlantic Station, 1882; Naval Academy, 1882-3 ; com- 
manding U. S. S. "Pinta," 1883; U. S. S. "Powhatan," 1S«4; U. S. S. 
"Thetis," Greely Relief Expedition, 1884; Naval Academy, 1884-5. Pro- 
moted to Lieutenant- Commander, March, 1<''89 ; Light-House Ins})ector, Ore- 
gon and Washington Territory, 1885-9 ; U.S. S. " Baltimore," 1889, to July, 
1893; Naval Academy, July, 1893, to date. 

Albert Reynolds Couden. — Born in Indiana. Entered Naval Acad- 
emy, September 26, 1863 ; graduated, 1867 ; " Franklin," flag-ship European 
Squadron, 1867-9. Promoted to Ensign, 1868; "Plymouth,' European Sta- 
tion, 1869-70. Promoted to J/a.s/'er, 1 8 0; Darien Expedition, 1871. Com- 
missioned as Liextenant, 1871; " Wyoming," North Atlantic Fleet, 1872-4 ; 
Torpedo Station, 1874-8 ; " Palos," Asiatic Station, 1878; "Ashuelot," Asiatic 
Station, 1878-81; Bureau of Ordnance, 1882-8 ; "Atlanta," sjiecial ser- 
vice, 1888, to A[)ril, 1891. Promoted to Lieutenant- Commander, March, 1889. 
Bureau of Ordnance, April, 1891, to date. 

Edwin Conway Pendleton. — Born in Virginia. Entered Naval Acad- 
emy, Oct. 12, 1863 ; graduated, 1867 ; " Minnesota," special service, 1867-8. 
Promoted to iv/is;'_(7?i, 1868; " Onward," Pacific Fleet, 1869-70. Promoted 
to Master, 1870 ; Hydrographic Office, 1871. Commissioned as Lieutenant, 
1871; ordnance dutv, Washington, 1872-3 ; " Congress," European Station, 
1874-6 ; Navy Yard, Washington, 1876-7; Torpedo Station, 1877-8 ; ord- 
nance duty. Navy Yard, Washington, 1877-9 ; " Swatara," Asiatic Station, 
1879-82 ; Naval Observatory, 1882-6 ; "Atlanta," North Atlantic Station, 
1886-8 ; ordnance duty, Navy Yard, Washington, 1888, to February, 1893. 
Promoted to Lieutena)d- Commander, August, 1889 ; "^Monterey," Pacific Sta- 
tion, February, 1893, to date. 

William Swift. — Born in Connecticut. Entered Naval Academy, Sep- 
tember 23, 1863; graduated, June, 1867; flag-ship "Susquehanna," home 
station, 1867. Promoted to Ensign, 1868; " Kearsai-ge," Pacific Fleet, 
1868-70. Promoted to Master, 1870. Promoted to Litutenant, 1871 ; "Iro- 
quois," 1871 ; " Canandaigua," 1872 ; " Supply," 1873 ; " Colorado," North 
Atlantic Fleet, 1874-5; "Colorado" (receiving-ship), 1875-6; equipment 
duty. New York, 1876-7 ; torpedo service, 1877 ; " Plymouth," North Atlan- 
tic, 1877-9 ; " Kearsarge," as Navigator, 1879-80 ; Navy Yard, Boston, 1880 ; 
Navy Yard, New London, 1881-3; "Alert," China, 1883-6; last half of 
cruise as Executive; ordnance duty, Navy Yard, Washington, 1886-90. 



li 



LIEUTENANT-COMMANDERS. 159 

Promoted to Lieutenant- Commander in 'October, 1889, Waiting orders, 
1894. 

Henry Buckingham Mansfield. — Born in New York ; sea in clipper- 
slooj) " Golden State." Master's Mute, 18G1-2. Entered Naval Academy, Feb. 
27, 18G8 ; yacht " America," in search of Confederate privateers, 1863. Gradu- 
ated, 18(37 ; having served in "Marion," "Macedonian," " Winnipeg," and 
"Minnesota;" special service, 1867-8. Promoted to Ensign, 1868; "Mo- 
hongo" and "Mohican," Pacific Fleet, 1869-70; Eclipse, expedition to 
Liberia in 1869; commanded second launch from "Mohican," in the expedi- 
tion which cut out and burned the piratical steamer " Forward," in Tecupan 
River, Mexico. Promoted to Mader, 1870. Promoted to Lieutenant, 1871 ; 
torpedo duty, 1871 ; Coast Survey steamer " Hassler," Agassy Expedition, 
through Straits of Magellan, 1872; survey of coast of Lower California and 
Hydrogra])hy on California coast, 1873-4; "Michigan," 1874-5; Asiatic 
Squadron, " Yantic," " Saco," " Mohongo," and "Tennessee," 1875-7; Navy 
Yard, New York, 1877-81; "Constellation," to Ii'eland, special service, 
1880 ; commanding C. S. steamer " Endeavor," 1881 ; commanding C, S. 
steamer " Gedney," 1882; commanding C. S. steamer "Bache," 1882-4; 
Hydrography, Jupiter Light, to Ferry Rocks and west coast of Florida ; 
approaches to New York ; " Pensacola," European Station, 1885-8 ; com- 
manding C. S. S. "Hassler," hydrography, coast of California, 1888-9 ; com- 
manding C. S. S. "Patterson," general survey of S. E. Alaska, 1889-93. 
Promoted to Lieutenant- Commander, January 3, 1890; R. S. " Vermont," 
January, 1893, to date, 

. Robert Emmett Carmody. — Born in New York. Entered Naval Acad- 
emy, Sept. 29, 18()0 ; graduated, 1867 ; " Quinnebaug," S. A. Station, 1867-70, 
Promoted to Endgn, 1868, and to Master 1870; torpedo duty, 1871. Com- 
missioned as Lieutewnd, 1871 ; " Terror " (iron-clad), N. A. Station, 1871-2 ; 
"Ashuelot," Asiatic Station, 1873-6; Navy Yard, New York, 1877; com- 
manding " Intrepid," special service, 1877-9; " Trent," on European Station, 
1879-81 ; R. S. " Colorado," 1882-3 ; " Yantic," N. A. Station, 1883-5 ; in 
charge of Bellevue Magazine, 1885-8; Navy Yard, Washington, 1888-9; 
"Alert," Pacific Station, 1889-90. Promoted to Lieutenant- Commander, 
February, 1890; Navy Yard, Washington, October, 1890, to March, 1893 ; 
" Miantonomah," special service, March, 1893, to date. 

Eugene De Forest Heald. — Born in Maine. Entered Naval Acad- 
emy, Sept. 29, 1863 ; graduated, 1867 ; "Susquehanna," N. A, Station, 1867 
-68. Promoted to Ensign, 1868; " Albany," flag-ship, N. A. Station, 1869 
-70. I'romoted to iUas/er, 1 870 ; Pacific Fleet, 1871-3, Commissioned as 
Lieutenant, 1871 ; Naval Academy, 1874-7; "Alliance," European Station, 
1877-9 ; Naval Academy, 1879-82 ; commanding Coast Survey steamer 
"Eagre," 1882-3; commanding Coast Survey steamer "Gedney," 1883; 
comujanding Coast Survey steamer "Bache," 1884-5; " Brooklyn," Asiatic 
Station, 1885-9; Bureau of Navigation, 1889 to July, 1893. Promoted to 
Lieutenant- Com 7)1 an der, February 28, 1890 ; "San Francisco," N. A. Station, 
July, 1893, to date. 

Frederick Martin Symonds. — Born in New York. Entered Naval 
Academy, Sept. 29, 1862; graduated, 1867; Asiatic Station, 1867-70. Pro- 
moted to Ensign, 1868 ; and to Master, 1870. Commissioned as Liexdenant, 
1871; "Tuscarora," surveying duty in the Pacific, 1872-5; "Minnesota" 
(traininfj-ship), 1876-8; "Jamestown," 1879-81; train in sf-ship "New 
Hampshire," 1882-5 ; " Mohican," Pacific Station, 1885-9 ; " Michigan," on 
the lakes, 1889 to November, 1892. Promoted to Lieutenant- Commander, 
July 31, 1890; leave of absence, November, 1892, to date. 



160 LIEUTENANT-COMMANDERS. 

Edward Parker Wood. — Born in Ohio. Entered Naval Academy, 
Sept. '29, 1863 ; graduated, 1867 ; " Minnesota," special service, 1867-8. Pro- 
moted to ^'/i.si'g'H, 1868 ; "Dacotah," Pacific Fleet, 1868-70. Promoted to 
Master, 1870; Pacific Fleet, 1871. Commissioned as Lieutenant, 1871; 
"Congress," special service, Europe, 1872-4; North Atlantic Station, 1875- 
77; " Port.<mouth," special service, 1877-8 ; "Trenton," European Station, 
1878-9 ; " Quinnebausjf," European Station, 1879-81 ; Naval Academy, 
1881-4; steamship " Monongahela," 1884-6; Naval Academy, 1886-90; 
special duty, connected with the "Concord," August, 1890, to February, 
1891. Promoted to Lieutenant- Commander, September 20, 1890; U. S. S. 
"Concord," N. A. Station, February, 1891, to May, 1893 ; Bureau of Navi- 
gation, May, 1893, to date. 

Walton Goodwin. — Born in New York. Entered Naval Academy, 
February 26, i863; graduated, 1867; " Quinnebaug," S. A. Station, 1867- 
70. Promoted to Ensign, 1868; to Master, 1^1(). Commissioned as Lieu- 
tenant, 1871 ; torpedo service, 1870-1 ; " Terror " (iron-clad), N. A. Station, 
1871-2 ; receiving-ship " V^ermont," New York Navy Yard, 1872 ; " Benicia," 
N. P. Station, 1872-5 ; " Passaic " (iron-clad), N. A. Station, 1876-7 ; in com- 
mand of "Passaic" from July 3, 1876, to November 20, 1876; "Enter- 
prise," 1877-8; ordnance duty, Navy Yard, Portsmouth, N. H., 1878-9 ; 
"Trenton," European Station, 1879-81 ; Naval Academy, 1881-5 ; "Adams," 
Pacific Station, 1885-9 ; Naval Observatory, 1889 to September, 1892. Pro- 
moted to Lieuten' I nl- Commander, October 1, 1890; U. S. S. "Lancaster," 
Asiatic Station, September, 1892, to date. 

Albert Ross. — Born in Pennsylvania. Entered Naval Academy, Jul^s 
23, 1863; graduated, 1867 ; "Minnesota," special service, 1867-^. Pro- 
moted to En.sign, 18(5^ ; " Powhatan," Pacific Fleet, 1868-9. Promoted to 
Master, 1870 ; retired, 1871 ; " Wachusett," 1873 ; Ossipee," 1874 ; restored 
to active list, 1874. Commissioned as Lieutenant, 1871 ; " Worcester," flag- 
ship, N. A. Station, 1874-5 ; special duty, Annapoliss, 1876 ; " Passaic " (iron- 
clad), N. A. Station, 1876-7 ; commanding " Wyandotte," Washington, 
1877-8; "Portsmouth," special service, 1878-82; Navy Yard, AVashington, 
1882-3 ; " Miantonomah," 1883; torpedo instruction, Newport, R. I., 1883; 
Naval Academy, 1883-6 ; " Alert," Pacific Station, 1887-9 ; torpedo instruc- 
tion, Newport, R. I., 1889 ; " Pensacola," 1889 to May, 1890; trainin'^-ship, 
" Jamestown," May, 1890, to December, 1892. Promoted to Lieutpuant- 
Commander, December 5, 1890; Naval Academy, December, 1892, to 
date. 

Richardson Clover. — Bom in Maryland. Entered Naval Academy from 
Missouri, July, 1863; graduated, .June, 18ii7; frigate "Susquehanna," West 
Indies, June, 1867, to January, 1868. Promoted to Ensign^ December 18, 

1868 ; flag-ship "Albany," North Atlantic Station, March, 1868, to October, 

1869 ; Naval Observatory, October, 1869, to March, 1870. Promoted to 
Master, March 21, 1870 ; instructi(m in signal duty, at Fort Myer, from March 
to July, 1870 ; "Michigan," on lakes, July, 1870, to January, 1871. Pro- 
moted to Lieutenard, Marcli 21, 1871; " Ticonderoga," South Atlantic 
Station, January, 1871, to February, 1874 ; " Michigan," on lakes, April to 
May, 1874 ; " Hassler," Coast Survey, Pacific Coast, June, 1874, to October, 
1877; Hydrographic office, Washington, January to February, 1878; 
" Wyoming," as Navigator, European Station, February, 1878, to June, 
1881 ; Coast Survey Office, Washington, 1881-2 ; commanding Coast Survey 
schooner '• Palinurus," J 882-3, survey Long Island Sound; special duty, 
1882-3. superintending construction of steamer " Patterson," at Brooklyn, 



LIEUTENANT-COMMANDERS. 161 

N. Y. ; commanding Coast Survey steamer " Patterson," March, 1884, to 
March, 1886,— season of 1884 from New York to San Francisco ; 1885-6, in 
charge of survey of Southeast Alaska; March, 1886, granted one year's 
leave, Avith permission to go abroad ; June to September, 1887, Torpedo 
Station, Newport; September, 1887, to January, 1888, in attendance at 
Naval War College ; U. S. S. '• Pensacola," as Navigator, North Atlantic 
Station, March 6, 1888 ; transferred to ''Dolphin," as Executive, December 
1, 1888; special cruise round the world; detached, December 1, 1889; Hy- 
drographer, Bureau of Navigation, Washington, December, 1889, to June, 
1893. Promoted to Lieutenant- Commander, May 19, 1891 ; leave of absence, 
June, 1893, to date. 

James Madison Miller. — Born in Missouri. Entered Naval Academy, 
September 21, 1863 ; graduated, 1867 ; " Minnesota," special cruise, 1867-8. 
Promoted to Ensign, 1868 ; '' Jamestown," Pacific Fleet, 1868-70. Pro- 
moted to i/asto", 1870 ; '' Kansas," T. and D. Expedition, 1870-72. Com- 
missioned as Lieutenant, 1871 ; special duty, Washington, 1873; " Mononga- 
hela," S. A. St-aticm, 1873-5; '"Franklin," flag-ship, European Squadron, 
1875-6 ; Naval Academy, 1876-80 ; training-ship " Constitution," 1880-81 ; 
training-ship •' Minnesota," 1881-2 ; " Hartford," Pacific Station, 1882-4 ; 
''Lackawanna," Pacific Station, 1884-5; special torpedo service, 1885; 
Naval Academy, 1885-8 ; " Omaha," Asiatic Station, 1888 to August, 1891 ; 
ordnance duty, Navy Yard, Washington, August, 1891, to August, 1892. 
Promoted to Lieidenant- Commander, May 29,1891; " Monocacy," Asiatic 
Station. August 2, 1892. 

Frederick May Wise. — Born in Washington, D. C. Entered the 
service as Master's Mate, in the U. S. Gunboat Flotilla, Western waters, by 
appointment of Flag-Oflicer A. H. Foote, January 1, 1862, on staft' duty. 
Carlo, 111. ; February, 1862, ordered to the gunboat " Lexington," in expedi- 
tion up the Tennessee River, and action at Pittsburg Landing, March, 1862, 
and evacuation of Columbus, Ky., March, 1862 ; at battle of Shiloh, April 6 
and 7, 1862 ; in action at Fort St. Charles, White River, Arkansas, June, 
1862, between the flotilla, under Captain A. H. Kilty, and Confederates 
under Jos. B. Fry, ex-lieutenant U. S. N., when the " Mound City " was 
blown up ; July, 1862, detached from the " Lexington " and ordered to ord- 
nance duty, Cairo, 111. Promoted to Fourth blaster, August, 1862, and or- 
dered to recruiting service, Chicago ; resigned from the volunteer service, 
September 25, 1862, to enter the Naval Academy as a Midshipman. ; grad- 
uated, June, 1867; ordered to ordnance duty, Portsmouth, N. H., June, 1862, 
and to flag-ship "Piscataqua," Asiatic Squadron, October, 1862. Promoted to 
Ensign, January, 1869; ordered to the " Iroquois," November, 1869; detached 
and promoted to Master, May, 1870 ; ordered to "Shenandoah," European 
Squadron, July, 1870, and " Guerriere," September, 1871; detached and pro- 
moted to LJeutenavt in March, 1872 ; ordered to the " Frolic," Port Ad- 
miral's flag-ship. New York Station, in May, 1872, and as Flag-Lieutenant 
toVice- Admiral Rowan ; detached and ordered to flag-ship " Worcester," N. 
A. Station, August, 1875, and to flag-ship " Hartford," January, 1876 ; de- 
tached and ordered to the Naval Academy, August, 1877; detached and or- 
dered to the " Despatch," special service, September, 1880 ; detached and or- 
dered to the Naval Academy, August, 1883 ; detached and ordered to the 
"Trenton," June, 1887, and to the flag-ship "Lancaster," S. A. Station, Sep- 
tember, 1887; Superintendent Naval War Records, October, 1889, to June, 
1893. Promoted to Lieutenant- Commander, June 25, 1891; training-ship 
" Monongahela," June, 1893, to date. 

11 



162 LIEUTENANT-COMMANDERS. 

John Van Benthuysen Bleecher. — Born in New York. Entered 
Naval Academy, October 9,1863; graduated, 1867; "Minnesota," special 
cruise, 18(57-8. Promoted to Ensign, 1868 ; " Congress," N. A. Fleet, 1869- 
72. Promoted to Master, 1870. Connnissioned as Lieutenant, 1871 ; torpedo 
service, 1873; "Colorado," N. A. Station, 1873-4 ; " Frolic," H. A. Station, 
1875-7; Navy Yard, Washington, 1877-8; Naval Academy, 1878-81; 
training-ship " Minnesota," 1881 ; training-ship " New Hampshire," 1881-2 ; 
" Kearsarge," N. A. Station, 1882-3; training-ship "Minnesota," 1883-4; 
" Hartford," Pacific Station, 1884-7 ; inspector of steel, new cruisers, 1887-8 ; 
R. S. "New Hampshire," 1888-9; Torpedo Station, 1889-90; "Essex," 
S. A. Station, April, 1890, to August, 1893. Promoted Lieutenant- Comman- 
der, June 30, 1891 ; Navy Yard, Boston, August, 1893, to date. 

Andrew Dunlap. — Born in New York. Entered Naval Academy, April 
23, 1862 ; graduated, 1867 ; " Minnesota," special cruise, 1867-8. Promoted 
io Ensign, 1868 ; " Jamestown," Pacific Fleet, 1868-70. Promoted to Master, 
1870; and commissioned as Lieutenant, 1871 ; "Worcester," flag ship, N. A. 
Fleet, 1871-4; R. S. "Sabine," 1874-6; Hydrographic Office, 1877-8; 
"Powhatan," N. A. Station, 1877-81; Torpedo Station, 1881 ; ordnance 
duty, Navy Yard, Washington, 1881-2; Assistant to Light-House Inspector, 
1882-3; " Kearsarge," European Station, 1883-4 ; "Lancaster," European 
Station, 1884-6; ordnance duty. Navy Yard, Washington, 1887-9; " Dol- 
phin," N. A. Station, 1889 to 'June, 1891; U. S. S. " Bennington," S. A. 
Station, June, 1891, to August, 1893. Promoted to Lieutenant- Commander, 
August 2, 1891 ; Navy Yard, Washington, August, 1893, to date. 

Richard Rush. — Born in Pennsylvania. Entered Naval Academy, Sep- 
tember 23, 1863; graduated, 1867; "Minnesota," special cruise, 1867-8. 
Promoted to Ensign, 1868 ; " Mohongo," Pacific Fleet, 1868-70. Promoted 
to Master, 1870; and commissioned as Lieutenant, 1871 ; Coast Survey, 1871 
-74 ; Navy Yard, Philadelphia, 1875-6 ; " Vandalia," European Squadron, 
1876-8; Naval Academy, 1879-82; "Juniata," Asiatic Station, 1882-6; 
Bureau of Navigation, 1886-9; training-ship "Portsmouth," 1889-92. Pro- 
moted to Lieutenant- Commander, September 27, 1891 ; Superintendent Naval 
War Records, May, 1893, to date. 

Edward Hickman Gheen. — Born in Pennsylvania. Entered Naval 
Academy, Sept. 24, 1862 ; graduated, 1867 ; flag-ship " Delaware," Asiatic 
Squadron, 1867-70. Promoted to Ensign, Dec. 18, 1868; to Master, March 
21,1870; signal duty, Washington, D. C, 1871. Promoted to Lieutenant, 
March 21, 1871 ; iron-clad " Mahopac " and R.S. "New Hampshire," 1872 ; 
ordered to store-ship " Supply," April 1, 1872 ; and on her arrival at Rio 
Janeiro, ordered to flag-ship " Lancaster," 1872-5; R. S. "Potomac" and 
training-ship "Constitution," 1875-6; "Alliance," European Station, 1877- 
79; League Island, 1880-7; Torpedo Station, 1881 ; flag-ship "Tennessee," 
1882-3; Naval Academy, 1883-7; "Constellation," practice cruise, 1884; 
"Yantic," as Executive, 1887-90; Inspector of Steel, Pittsburgh, Pa., Oc- 
tober, 1890, to May, 1891 ; charge Branch Hydrograpliic Office, Philadel- 
phia, May, 1891, to April, 1893. Promoted to Lieidenant- Commander, Oc- 
tober 2, 1891 ; Navy Yard, League Island, April, 1893, to date. 

^Vells Laflin Field. — Born in Missouri. Entered Naval Academy, 
Nov. 26, 1862 ; graduated, 1867 ; Asiatic Squadron, 1867-70. Promoted to 
Ensign, 1868; to Master, 1870. Commissioned as Lieidenant, 1S7 1 ; next 
attached to the store-ship " Supply," and sailed in her when she took provis- 
sions to France after the Franco-Prussia war, leaving New York in March, 
1871, and returning in July; in September, joined the Coast Survey steamer 



LIEUTENANT-COMMANDERS. 163 

"A. D. Bache," and detached in February, 1872 ; in March, 1872, went witli 
a draft of men via Panama, to Mare Island ; joined the " Lackawanna," and 
sailed in her for a second cruise in China, returning in November, .187'j; in 
Maich, 1874, joined the " Franklin " at Key West, and made a cruise in 
Europe on her, returning in December, 1870; then on Light-House duty at 
Tonipkinsville, >Staten Island, until July, 1880; in November, 1879, was 
placed in command of the Light-House steamer "Manzanita," and took her to 
San Francisco, returning to Light-House duty until the following July, 1880 ; 
then went to China, as the Flag-Lieutenant of Admiral Clitz, remaining in 
the same position with Admiral (^rosby ; returned in March, 1884; then to 
duty in the Branch Hydrographic Office, in New York, until April, 1886; 
then to the " St. Mary's," until April, 1889 ; then the summer at the Torpedo 
School and Naval War College, until November, 1889, and joined the 
" Charleston," December 5, 1889, to September, 1893. Promoted Lieutenant- 
Vomiiiander, November 5, 1891; R. S. " Minnesota," September, 1893, to 
date. 

Harrison Gray Otis Colby. — Born in JNIassachusetts. Entered Naval 
Academy, September 24, 1^^(12 ; graduated, 1807 ; Asiatic Squadron, 1868-70. 
Promoted to Easiyn, \^Q^ ; to Maakr, \J61(). Conunissioned as iyie^t/enani, 
1871; Navy Yard, Boston, 1871; "Congress," special service, 1871-2; 
"Shenandoah," Eui'opean Fleet, 1873-4; torpedo duty, 1874; "Tennessee" 
(second-rate), 1875 ; European Station, 1877 ; "Marion," 1877-8 ; "Trenton," 
European Station, 1878-80; commanding C. S. S. "Eagre," 1880-82; 
training-ship " Saratogo," 1882-5; assistant to Light-House Inspector, 
1885-9; "Yorktown," Squadron of Evolution, 1889, to December, 1891; 
assistant to Inspector of Second Light-House District, December, 1891, to 
date. Promoted to Lieutenant- Commander, November 20, 1891. 

Leavitt Curtis Logan. — Born in Ohio. Entered Naval Academy, Feb- 
ruary 20, 1803 ; graduated, 1867 ; " Minnesota," special cruise, 1807-8. Pro- 
moted to Ensign, 1808; Pacific Fleet, 1868-70. Promoted to Mader, 1870; 
and commissioned as Lieutenant, 1871 ; January to September, 1871, special 
duty at Navy Department; " Wabash," flag-ship, European Station, 1871-3; 
torpedo duty, 1874; "Tennessee," Asiatic Squadron, 1875-7; Naval 
Academy, 1877-80; "Powhatan," special service, 1880-1; training-ship 
" Portsmouth," 18^1-3; training-ship "New Hampshire," 1^^83-4; Naval 
War College, 1884-7; " Ossipee," N. A. Station, 1887-9; Recorder Board 
Inspection, 1889, to November, 1892. Promoted to Lieutenant- Commander, 
December 16,1891 ; "Philadelphia," Pacific Station, November, 1892, to 
date. 

Conway Hillyer Arnold. — Born in New York City. Entered Naval 
Academy, September 29, 1863 ; graduated, 1867 ; " Minnesota," special cruise, 
1867-8. Promoted to Ensign, 1868; "Powhatan," Pacific Fleet, 1868-70; 
flag-ship "Severn," N. A. Station, Aide to R. A. Poor, 1870-1. Promoted 
to Master, 1870. .Commissioned as Lieutenant, 1871 ; R. S. " Vermont," 1871 ; 
Aide to P. A. Stringham, 1871-2 ; " Wasp," South Atlantic Station, 1872-4 ; 
Naval Observatory, 1874-5; "Hartford," flag-ship, North Atlantic Station, 
1875-7; "Powhatan," N. A. Station, Flag-Lieuteiuint and secretary R. A. 
Trenchard, 1877-8; commanding "Wyandotte," Navy Yard, Washington, 
1878-81; "Lancaster," European Station, secretary to R. A. Nicholson, 
1881-2; " Miantonomah," special service, 1882-3 ; " Nipsic," S. A. Station, 
1883-6; Navy Yard, New York, 1886-9; secretary to R. A. Gherardi, N. 
A. Station, 1889, to June, 1893. Promoted to Lieutenant- Commander, Jan- 
uary 10, 1892 ; Navy Yard, New York, June, 1893, to date. 



164 LIEUTENANT-COMMANDERS. 

Edward William Sturdy. — Born in Massachusetts. Entered Naval 
Academy, February 26, I860 ; graduated, 1867 ; " Minnesota," special cruise, 
1867-8. Promoted to Ensign, 1868; " Pensacola," Pacific Fleet, 1868-70. 
Promoted to Master, 1870. Commissioned as Lieutenant, 1871 ; special duty, 
Washington, 1871; Hydrographic Office, 1872; "Wasp," South Atlantic 
Fleet, 1872-6 ; Naval Observatory, 1876-8 ; " Ticonderoga," special service, 
1878-81 ; Nautical Almanac Office, 1881-4 ; temporary superintendent Nauti- 
cal Almanac, 1882 ; assistant superintendent Nautical Almanac Office, 1883-4 ; 
" Quinnebaug," European Station, 1884; " Kearsarge," European Station, 
1884-7; ordnance duty. Navy Yard, Washington, 1887-9; "Baltimore," 
Pacific Station, 1889, to April, 1893. Promoted to Lieutenant- Commander, 
April 3, 1892 ; training-ship, " Richmond," April, 1893, to date. 

William Sheffield Cowles. — Born at Farmington, Connecticut. Ap- 
pointed to Naval Academy, July 21, 1863; graduated, 1867 ; "Minnesota," 
in Mediterranean Squadron, 1867-8 ; " Pensacola " and " Saginaw," in North 
Pacific Squadron, 1868-70. Promoted to Ensign, 1869, and blaster in 1870 ; 
Naval Observatory, Washington, D. C, 1870 ; Torpedo Station, Newport, R. I., 
1871. Promoted to Lieutenant in 1871 ; practice gunnery-ship, "Constella- 
tion," 1872 ; "Alaska," Mediterranean, West Indies, 1873 ; " Alaska," coast of 
Africa, 1874—5-6; "Tennessee" and "Monocacy," China Station, 1877-8-9 
and 1880; Navy Yard, New York, 1881-2; Flag-Lieutenant, N. Atlantic 
Squadron, 1882-3-4; Secretary of Board of Inspection, merchant ships, N. 
Y. City (during this detail served three weeks on Isthmus of Panama guard- 
ing the transit across the Isthmus, and property of Panama R. R. Co., and 
property of American citizens on the Isthmusj, 1884-5-6; in command of 
" Despatch," 1887-8-9 and 1890-1 ; Naval Aide to Secretary of Navy, and 
in charge of Naval militia, 1891-2. Promoted to Lieutenant- Commander, 
1892 ; Naval Attache, U. S. Embassy, London, his present duty, 1893. 

Charles Olden Allibone. — Born in Pennsylvania. Entered Naval Acad- 
emy, July 23, 1863 ; graduated, 1867; Asiatic Station, 1867-70. Promoted 
to Ensign, 1868 ; to Master, 1870. Commissioned as Lieutenant, 1872 ; 
" Ticonderoga," S. A. Fleet, 1870-3 ; R. S. " Independence," 1874 ; " Tusca- 
rora," N. P. Station," 1874-6 ; League Island Station, 1877; Torpedo Sta- 
tion, 1877-8; " Vandalia," N. A. Station, 1878-81; " Lancaster," European 
Station, 1881-2 ; " Galena," S. A. Station, 1882-3 ; Navv Yard, Portsmouth, 
N. H., 1883-5; "Dolphin," N. A. Station, 1885-9 ; 'Naval Station, New 
London, 1889-90 ; ordnance duty. Navy Yard, Washington, September, 1890, 
to November, 1892; Promoted to Lieutenant- Commander, May 28, 1892; 
Assistant Inspector of "Columbia," November, 1892, to date. 

Edward IDavid Taussig. — Born in Missouri. Entered Naval Academy, 
July 23, 1863; graduated, 1867; "Minnesota," special cruise, July and 
December, 1867. £'ra.si^?t, December, 1868 ; " Wateree," "Powhatan," "On- 
ward," and " Resaca," South Pacific Station, January, 1868, to April, 1870 ; 
commended by Commander Gillis, in his report to the Secretary of the Navy, 
for services during earthquake at Arica, August 13, 1868. Master, March, 
1870; Lieutenant, \5di\i\x2iry 1, 1872; " Narraganset," October, 1870, to Oc- 
tober, 1873, cruising and surveying in the Pacific under Commander R. W. 
Meade, and surveying the coast of Lower California under Commander George 
Dewey; torpedo station, June and September, 1874; Hydrographic Office, 
October-December, 1874 ; Panama Inter-oceanic Canal Survey, January- 
August, 1875 ; coumianding R. S. " Relief," September, 1875 ; in temporary 
charge Department of Yards and Docks, Washington Navy Yard, October, 
1875, to April, 1876 ; "Juniata," and " Monongahela," April, 1876, to Jan- 



LIEUTENANT-COMMANDERS. 165 

nary, 1877; " Trenton," flag-ship, European Station, January, 1877, to Jan- 
uary, 1880; Naval Academy, June, 1880, to May, 1883 ; commanding Coast 
Survey steamer " McArthur " from May, 1883, to February, 1886 ; com- 
manding Coast Survey steamer "Hassler," February to August, 1886 ; en- 
gaged in hydrographic surveys near Cape Mendocino and Piedras Blancos, 
California; training-ship "Jamestown," September 1, 1886, to December, 
1887; duty in the Navy Department from December, 1887, to December, 
1890; December, 1890, ordered to special duty as Assistant to Commodore 
R. W. Meade, Representative of the Navy Department on the Board of 
Management U. S Government Exhibit, and in May, 1893, ordered to relieve 
Commodore Meade as the Representative of the Navy Department on the 
Board of Management U. S. Government Exhibit, where he is stationed at 
present date. Lievte)iant- Commander, June 19, 1892. 

John Elliott Pillsbury. — Born in Massachusetts. Entered Naval Acad- 
emv, September, 22, 1862; graduated, 1876 ; " Minnesota," special cruise, 
1867-8. Promoted to Ensign, 1868; Navy Yard, Boston, 1869-70. Pro- 
moted to Master, 1870 ; " Colorado," flag-ship, Asiatic Fleet, 1870-2. Com- 
missioned as Lieutenant, 1871; torpedo duty, 1873 ; " Swatara," special ser- 
vice, 1875; Coast Survey, 1875-7; Hydrographic Oflice, 1878-9 ; " Kear- 
sarge," N. A. Station, 1879-82 ; Coast Survey Oflice, 1882-4 ; commanding 
C. S. S. " Black," 1884-9; Coast Survey Office, 1890, to February, 1891; 
"Newark," February, 1891, to July, 1893. Promoted to Lieutenant- Com- 
mander, July 1, 1892 ; Navy Yard, Boston, July, 1893, to date. 

William Heron Reeder. — Entered Naval Academy, Sept. 25, 1862 ; 
gi-aduated, 1877; " Piscataqua," flag-ship, Asiatic Squadron, 1857-8. Com- 
missioned as Ensign, 1868; " Unadilla," Asiatic Squadron, 1868 ; "Dela- 
ware," flag-ship, Asiatic Squadron, 1869-70. Commissioned as Master, 1870; 
signal duty. Fort Myer, Va., l'>70 ; '^ Wabash," flag-ship, European Squad- 
ron, 1871-2 ; "Shenandoah," European Squadron, 1873; Navy Yard, Bos- 
ton, Mass., 1874; Navy Yard, Philadelphia, 1874-6; " Powhatan," North 
Atlantic Squadron, l;!J77-80; special duty. Naval Department, 1880-1; 
Navy Yard, Portsmouth, N. H., 1881-3 ; Torpedo Station, 1883 ; command- 
ing "Despatch," special service, 18^4-5; Expedition to Isthmus of Panama, 
1885 ; special duty in Navy Department, 1885-6 ; " Galena," North Atlantic 
Squadron, 1886-9 ; Bureau of Equipment and Recruiting, 1889-90 ; Naval 
Academy, July, 1890, to June, 1^93. Promoted to Lieidenant- Commander, 
December 4, 1892 ; " Charleston," Pacific Station, June, 1893, to date. 

Daniel Delehanty. — Born in New York. Entered Naval Academy, 
September, 25, 1862 ; graduated, 1867; Asiatic Fleet, 1867-9 ; Pacific Fleet, 
1870. Promoted to Ensign, 1867; to Mader, 1870. Commissioned as Lieii- 
fenant, 1872; Navy Yard, Mare Island, 1871; " Saranac," Pacific Fleet, 
1872-4; R. S. "Independence," 1874; R. S. "Colorado," 1875; "Cat- 
skill" (iron-clad), N. A. Station, 1875-6; "Lackawanna," N. Pacific 
Station, 1876-8; Naval Academy, 1878-81; " Constellation," special service, 
1881; Naval Academy, 18S1-2 ; "Adams," Pacific Station, 1882-4 ; Mare 
Island, Navy Yard, i8s4-5 ; " AYachusett," Pacific Station, 1885 ; R. S. 
" Independence," 1885-8 ; member Board of Inspection, San Francisco, 
l>^<S8-9 ; commanding C. S. S. " Hassler," 1889, to October, 1893. Promoted 
to Lieidenant- Commander, January 9", 1893 ; Supervisor N. Y. Harbor, Octo- 
ber 2, 1893, to date. 

Frank William Nichols. — Born in Massachusetts. Entered Naval 
Academy, September 22, 1863 ; graduated, 1867; " Wasp," S. A. Station, 
1867-70. Promoted to Ensign, 1868 ; to Master, January 13, 1869 ; ordered 



166 LIEUTENANT-COMMANDERS. 

to steamer "Idaho" Asiatic Squadron, May 9, 1869; ordered to steamer 
" Monocacy," Asiatic Squadron, August 3, 1 869 ; ordered to " Enterprise," 
special service, 1877-80; Navy Yard, Boston, 1880-2 ; R. S. "Wabash," 
1882-3 ; "Alert," Asiatic Station, 1883-4 ; " Monocacy," Asiatic Station, 
1884-7; R, S. " New Hampshire," 1887-9 ; " Pensacola," special service, 
1889-90; leave of absence, October, 1890, to June, 1891; training-ship 
"Richmond," June, 1891, to September, 1892 ; " Constellation," special ser- 
vice, September, 1892, to June, l>i93. Promoted to Lieutenant- Commander, 
January, 25, 1893 ; sick leave, June, 1893, to date. 

Charles Carpenter Cornwell. — Born in New York. Appointed as 
Acting Midshipman at Naval Academy, September, 24, 1864 ; graduated, 
1868 ; European Station, 1868-9. Promoted to Ensign, 1869 ; torpedo duty, 
1870. Promoted to Master, 1879; " Tennessee " (second-rate), special ser- 
vice, 1880-1 ; " Wachusett," European Station, 1871-2 ; European Squad- 
ron, 1873-4. Commissioned as Lieutenant, 1872 ; North Atlantic Station, 
1874-7; " Palos," Asiatic Station, 1877-8 ; S. S. " Blake," 1881-2 ; " Pow- 
hatan," special service, 1882-4 ; Naval Observatory, 1884-5 ; Superinten- 
dent of Compasses, 1885-7; " Quinnebaug," European Station, 1887-9 ; 
Nautical School-ship " St. Mary's," 1888-90 ; leave of absence, December, 
1890, to July, 1893. Promoted iieM^ena??i-Com?uanc/<3?% February, 7, 1893 ; 
" Newark," \S. A. Station, July, 1893, to date. 

Royal Rodney Ingersoll. — Born in Michigan. Entered Naval Acad- 
emy July, 23, 1864; graduated, 1868; European Station, 1868-9. Pro- 
moted to Ensign, 1869 ; " Miantonomah " (iron-clad), special service, 1869- 
70. Promoted to Master, 1870; "Plymouth," European Squadron, 1870-2 ; 
" Kansas," North Atlantic Station, 1872-3 ; "Juniata," European Squadron, 
1874. Commissioned as Lieutenant, 1872; " Yantic," Asiatic Station, 1875 ; 
and " Kearsarge," same station, 1875-6 ; Naval Academy, 1876-9 ; " Pensa- 
cola/' Pacific Station, 1879-80 ; Naval Observatory, 1882-3 ; Naval Acad- 
emy, 1883-5; practice-ship "Constellation," 1885 ; Naval Academy, 1885- 
87 ; " Enterprise," European Station, 1887-90 ; Naval Academy, December, 
1890, to date. Promoted to iv^e^ffe;^fm^(7omma?^rfer, February 25, 1893. 

Robert Mathew Guy Brown.— Born in Western Virginia. Ap- 
pointed from that section by his uncle, Hon. William G. Brown ; entered 
Naval School at Newport, July, 1864 ; graduated, June, 1868, number three 
in a class of eighty ; served as Midshipman on North Pacific Station, on 
board of " Saranac," "Lackawanna," and "Pensacola." Promoted to En- 
si.gn, 1869; to Master, 1870; sailed from New York on the "Alaska," in 
April, 1870, for China ; made a three years cruise in that vessel ; took part 
in the Corean Expedition ; commanding the sailors landed as infantry from 
that ship ; was in the final charge of Fort McKee, and was mentioned by 
name in the official report of the action as among those first in the fort. Com- 
missioned as Lieutenant, April 13, 1872 ; ordered to the " New Hampshire," 
at Norfolk, in October, 1873 ; served on the " New Hampshire" until June, 
1874, when he was ordered to the Torpedo School, at Newport ; in October of 
same year, was ordered as Executive of the " Despatch ; " ordered to " Swa- 
tara," June, 1875 ; served on West India Station until March, 1877, when 
he was ordered to the Naval Academy as Instructor of Navigation and Sur- 
veying; ordered to command the torpedo ram "Alarm," June 11, 1878; 
$20,000 having been appropriated to fit the Mallory propeller to this vessel, 
he was ordered to carry on an extensive series of experiments to fully test 
its value ; having completed this experimental duty in a manner entirely sat- 
isfactory to the Navy Department, he was ordered to the flagship "Lancas- 



LIEUTENANT-COMMANDERS. 167 

ter," in August, 1881, and served on the European Station until the following 
June, when he was severely wounded in the line of duty, having his breast- 
bone broken ; when convalescent he was invalided home, and again put on 
special duty; May, 1884, was ordered to the "Lackawanna," on South Pacific 
Station. It was shortly after this that Lieutenant Brown made his well- 
known report, adverse to the Panama Canal ; all previous reports were 
favorable to the enterprise, but none were after. While on the Isthmus he 
contracted Chagres fever and had to return home in 1885 ; served at Navy 
Yard, Norfolk, as Navigation Officer, until May, 1887. In October, 1887, 
he was ordered as Navigating Officer of the flag-ship "Trenton," bound for 
the Pacific. He was specially commended to the Navy Department by the 
senior officer for the manner in which he navigated the " Trenton " through 
the Straits of Magellan and Smyth's Sound. During the memorable gale at 
Samoa, Lieutenant Brown maintained his rej)utation in a remarkable degree. 
Captain Farquhar, of the " Trenton," in his report of the hurricane, which 
report was approved and forwarded by Rear-Admiral Kimberly, says, " Lieu- 
tenant Brown, the navigator, was by my side the whole time, and to his ex- 
cellent judgment, one time at least, the ship was cleared of a reef. Had we 
struck it I fear few of the four hundred and fifty people on board of the 
' Trenton ' would be alive to-day." In a letter to Rear- Admiral Kimberly, 
dated April 27, 1889, the Secretary of the Navy says : " The flag-ship, now 
without steam or rudder, her anchors dragging, drifted almost at the mercy of 
the gale along the edges of the eastern reef, at times not more than twenty 
feet from total destruction. Every endeavor was made to control her move- 
ments, and her commanding officer states in his report that upon at least one 
occasion it was through the excellent judgment of Lieutenant R. M. G. 
Brown, the Navigating Officer, that the ship cleared the reef and the four 
hundred and fift}' lives on board were saved." It was while handling the 
ship on this occasion that Navigating Officer Brown put the ship's company 
in the rigging, thus making a living sail, which was as effective as it was un- 
precedented. October 1, 1889, Lieutenant Brown w^as ordered as senior 
assistant in the office of the Judge Advocate General of the Navy. In Feb- 
ruary, 1891, he was, at the suggestion of Mr. Blaine, detailed by the Presi- 
dent as Executive and Disbursing Officer of the Inter-continental Railway 
Commission. The survey, connecting the railways of the North with those 
of Argentine Republic having been accomplished, Lieutenant-Commander 
Brown is now settling his accounts. Promoted to Lieutenant- Commander, 
April 27, 1898. 

Adolph Marix. — Born in Saxony. Entered Naval Academy, Septem- 
ber 26, 1864; graduated, 1868 ; European Station, 1868-9. Promoted to 
Ensign, 1869; "Congress," special service, 1870-1. Promoted to Master, 
1870; " Canandaigua," North Atlantic Station, 1871-2. Commissioned as 
Lieutenant, 1 HI 2 ; " Vv^orcester," flag-ship, North Atlantic Station, 1872-4 ; 
" Saco," Asiatic Station, 1874-6 ; and "Tennessee," same station, 1876-7 ; 
" Trenton," European Station, 1878-9 ; Hydrographic Office, 1879-80; train- 
ing-ship, "Minnesota," 1880-1 ; receiving-ship "Colorado," 1881-2 ; "Brook- 
lyn," South Atlantic Station 1882-8 ; "Richmond," Asiatic Station, 1883-4; 
"Trenton," Asiatic Station, 1884-5; "Enterprise," Asiatic Station, 1885-6; 
Judge-Advocate General's Office, 1886; special duty, Australia, 1888-9; 
training-ship "Jamestown," 1889-90; "Philadelphia," N. A. Station, July, 
1890 to June, 1892; charge branch Hydrographic Office, New York, June, 
1892 to date. Promoted Lieutenant- Commander, May 9, 1893. 



168 LIEUTENANT-COMMANDERS. 

Duncan Kennedy. — Born in Albany, New York. Entei-ed Naval 
Academy, July 20, 1864; graduated, 1868; "Delaware" and "Iroquois," 
Asiatic Station, 1868-70. 'Promoted to Ensign, \f^m ; to Master, 1^1 Q; 
" Guerriere," European Station, 1870-2. Promoted to Lieutenant, 1872 \ 
Torpedo Station, 1872-3; " Pensacola," Pacific Station, 1873-6; Naval 
Academy, 1876-9; practice-steamer "Mayflower," 1876-7; " Pensacola," 
Pacific Station, 1879-82 ; Naval Academy, 1882-4 ; practice-ship "Dale," 
18H3 ; "Lancaster," European Station, 1884-5 "Lancaster," South Atlantic 
Station, 1885-7 ; War College, Newport, 1887-9 ; Secretary to Navy Yard 
Site Commission, Gulf of Mexico and South Atlantic Coasts, 1889 ; Board of 
Organization, 1889-90; " Yorktown," Pacific Squadron, July, 1890 to June, 
1893 ; Torpedo Station, Newport, June, 1893, to date. Promoted Lieutenant- 
Coimnander, May 15, 1893. 

James Douglas Jerrold Kelley.— Born in New York City. Appointed 
at large by President Lincoln and entered U. S. Naval Academy, October 5, 
1864; was graduated in 1868; European Station, " Ticonderoga," " Frank- 
lin " (flagship), "Richmond," "Guard." Promoted to Ensign, 1869; 
equipment duty, Navy Yard, New York ; signal duty. Fort Whipple, Vir- 
ginia, 1870 ; qualified as Signal-Officer ; ordered as such to the Pacific 
Station ; " Ossipee " (flag-ship), " Pensacola," " Saranac," " Resaca ;" charge 
of a party Darien Survey. Promoted to Master, 1870 ; to Lieutenant, 1872 ; 
1873, " Frolic," Port Admiral's flag-ship, New York; torpedo duty, Newport ; 
" Congress," coast of Africa, 1874 ; invalided home ; Naval Rendezvous, 
New York, 1876; "Minnesota," 1877; Executive of nautical school-ship 
" St. Mary's," 1878 ; " Michigan," special duty on Great Lakes, 1879 ; Hydro- 
graphic Oflice, 1880 ; " Nipsic," West Indies ;" ordnance duty, command of ex- 
perimental battery, Annapolis, 1881 ; "Despatch ;" Secretary to RearAdmiral, 
" Tennessee," flag-ship North Atlantic Station, 1882 ; Board of Inspection of 
Foreign Ships, 1883 ; torpedo duty, Judge Advocate General's Office, 1884 ; 
" Tallapoosa," South Atlantic Station, 1885 ; " Pensacola," special duty, 
1888 ; " Kearsarge," flag-ship North Atlantic Station, 1889 ; " Yantic," 
North Atlantic Station, July, 1890, to November, 1891 ; waiting orders, 
November, 1891, to March, 1892 ; member Board on Ships' boats, 
March, 1892, to July, 1893 ; receiving-ship "St. Louis," July, 1893, to date. 
Commended in General Orders by Secretary of the Navy for services in 
Hayti. Prize Essayist and Gold Medalist' U. S. Naval Institute, 1881; 
author of " The Question of Ships,'.' 12mo. ; "American Yachts," (4to.), with 
folio plates ; "A Desperate Chance," 12mo. ; " Typical Yachts," folio, and of 
"Armored Vessels," 12mo. Co-author of " Modern Ships of War " (4to.) 
and of "The Barbarby Corsairs," 12mo. Author of the "Monthly Pilot 
Chart," of " Proceedings of Courts Martial and Boards," of " The Story of 
Coast Defence," of "American Men o'-War," of a " History of the Naval Ex- 
perimental Battery," of " Our Navy, its Growth and Achievements," regal, 
24 colored plates, a book of 300 pp., issued in 1894, and of numerous literary 
and professional articles and pamphlets. 

Jefferson Franklin Moser. — Entered Naval Academy, at Newport, 
September 20, 1864 ; graduated Naval Academy, Annapolis, June 2, 1868 ; 
European Squadron, " Swatara," "Kenosha," "Guard," October 1868, to 
October, 1869. Promoted to Ensign, April, 1869 ; Darien Expedition, 
November, 1869 to July, 1870. Promoted to Master, July, 1870; " Guer- 
riere," European Squadron, August, 1870, to February, 1872 ; Nicaragua 
Expedition, February, 1872 to November, 1873. Commissioned as Lieuten- 
ant, August, 1872 ; " Despatch " as Executive, November, 1873 to October, 
1874 ; Panama Expedition, December, 1874 to September, 1875 ; Coast Sur- 



LIEUTENANT-COMMANDERS. 169 

veying in command schooner "Bache," and steamers "Endeavor" and 
" Faltomer," September, 1875 to March, 1880 ; " Galena," European and 
South Atlantic Squadrons, August, 1880 to September, 1883 ; Coast Survey- 
Office and command steamer "Bache," January, 1884 to July, 1890 ; Navi- 
gator cruiser " San Francisco," July, 1890 to March, 1893; Coast Survey 
Office, March 1893 to October, 1893. Commissioned Lientenani- Commander 
June, 1893; Hydrographic Inspector, Coast Survey, (his present duty), 
October, 1893. Leveled the accepted route of the Nicaragua Canal in 
1872-3 and the De Lesseps route in 1875. 

Raymond Perry Rodgers. — Born in District of Columbia. Entered 
Naval Academy July 25, 1864; graduated, 1868; " Guerriere," flag-ship, 
S. A. Fleet, 1868-9." Promoted to Emign, 1869; "Franklin," flag-ship, 
European Fleet, 1869-71; "Juniata," same fleet, 1871-3. Promoted to 
Master, 1870. Commissioned as Lieutenant, 1872 ; Naval Academv, 1873-6 ; 
"Pensacola," flag-ship. Pacific Fleet, 1876-9; Naval Academy," 1879-82 ; 
"Tennessee," N. A. Squadron, 1882-4; Bureau of Navigation, 1884; Chief 
Intelligence Officer, 1884—9; " Chicago," Squadron of Evolution, 1889, to 
October, 1892; Naval Attache Paris and St. Petersburg, October, 1892, to 
date. Promoted Lieutenant- Commander, July 4, 1893. 

Robert Thompson Jasper. — Born in New York. Entered Naval 
Academy, July 21, 1864 ; graduated, 1868 ; " Nipsic," N. A. Fleet. 1868-70. 
Promoted to Ensign, 1869; and to Master, 1870; T. and N. Surveying 
Expedition, 1870-1 ; "Wabash," flag-ship, European Fleet, 1871-3. Com- 
missioned as Lieutenant, 1872; S. A Station, 1874-6; Naval Academy, 
1876-80; " Powhatan/' special service, 1880-3; Naval Academy, 1883-6 ; 
training-ship "Jamestown," 1886; training-ship "Constellation," 1886-9; 
Coast Survey Office, 1889, to May, 1893; "Bennington," S. A. Station, 
May, 1893, to date. Promoted to Lieutenant- Commander, July 4, 1893. 

Seaton Schroeder.- — Born in District of Columbia. Entered Naval 
Academy, September 26, 1864; graduated, 1868; Pacific Fleet, 1868-9. 
Promoted to Ensign, 1869; " Benicia," Asiatic Station, 1869-72. Promoted 
to Master, 1870. Commissioned as Lieutenant, 1872; " Pinta," N. A. 
Station, 1873; " Swatara," 1874-5; Hydrographic Office, 1876; "Gettys- 
burg," special service in Mediterranean, 1876-8 ; Hydrographic Office, 
1878-80 ; " Despatch," special service, 1881-2 ; Fish Commission steamer 
"Albatross," 1882-6; special duty. Bureau of Navigation, 1885-6; office 
Naval Intelligence, 1886-8; special duty, "Vesuvius," 1888-90; command- 
ing "Vesuvius," N. A. Station, June, 1890, to June, 1893 ; leave of absence 
June, 1893, to October, 1893 ; Ordnance Inspector Navy Yard, Washington, 
October, 1893, to date. Promoted Lieutenant- Commander, September 27, 
1893. 

Franklin Jeremiah Drake. — Born in Talis, Orleans County, New 
York. Entered Naval Academy, July 24, 1863; graduated, 1868 ; "Get- 
tysburg," West Indies, 1868; gunboat"" Penobscot," N. A. Fleet, 1868-9; 
" Frolic," N. A. Station, 1869. Promoted to Ensign, l^QS) ; signal duty, 
1870. Promoted to Master, 1870; "Colorado," Asiatic Fleet, 1870-1; 
•'Benicia," Asiatic Squadron, 1871 ; commanded Company B, in the assault 
by land forces made on the Corean forts at Seoule, 1871; " Monocacy," 
Asiatic Squadron, 1872 ; " Colorado," Asiatic Fleet, 1872-3. Commi,ssioned 
as Lieutenant. 1872 ; Torpedo Station, 1873 ; " Terror," N. A. Station, 1873 ; 
"Portsmouth," N. P. Fleet, 1874; "Pensacola," Pacific Squadron, 1874; 
Ordnance Department, Mare Island Navy Yard, 1875-6 ; Coast Survey, 
" Hassler," 1876-8 ; " Powhatan," N. A.' Station, 1878 ; " Ticouderoga," 



170 LIEUTENANT-COMMANDERS. 

special service, 1878-81 ; commanded Surveying Expedition into the interior 
of Africa, West Coast, and mapped out the head-waters of the St. John 
River, 1879; Navy Yard, New York, 1881-8; special duty. Advisory 
Board, 1883-5; " Pensacola," European Station, 1885; " Quinnebaug," 
European Squadron, 1886-7; "Pensacola," European Squadron, 1887-8; 
inspector construction torpedo boat. No. 1, ''The Gushing," 1888; inspector 
construction of the Howell Torpedo for new navy, 1889, to June, 1893 ; 
Assistant Inspector of " Montgomery," June, 1893, to date. Promoted to 
Lieutenant Commander ^ October 1, 1893. 

LIEUTENANT-COMMANDERS ON THE RETIRED 

LIST. 

Retired in conformity with the Twenty- Third Section of the Act of August 3, 

1861. 

Antoine Reilke McNair. — Born in Louisiana. Appointed from Mis- 
souri, September 22, 1856; Naval Academy, 1856-60 ; sloop-of-war " Preble," 
1857; sloop-of-war "Plymouth," 1859; Midshipman, June, 1860; sloop-of- 
war "Seminole," 1860-2; off Charleston, South Carolina, from August to 
September, 1861 ; in Potomac River, September and October, 1861 ; engaged 
with batteries at Freestone Point, Virginia, September, 1861 ; and with 
batteries at Evansport, Virginia, October, 1861. Promoted to Master, 
August, 1861 ; battle of Port Royal, South Carolina, November 7, 1861 
(slight splinter wound in hand) ; boat operations in the sounds of South 
Carolina and Georgia, November and December, 1861 ; boat and other 
operations incident to the cutting off of Port Pulaski, Georgia, January, 
February, and March, 1862; expedition to Fernandina, Florida, March, 
1862; Skiddaway battery, Georgia, March, 1862; in Hampton Roads, 
Virginia, in front of the ram " Merrimac " and consorts, April and until 
May 10, 1862 ; engaged with battery at Sewell's Point, and capture of Nor- 
folk, May, 1862. Promoted to Lieutenant, July, 1862; sloop-of-war "Pow- 
hatan ; " off Charleston, South Carolina, 1862-3 ; engaged in attack on Fort 
Sumter and defences of Charleston, South Carolina, April, 1863 ; engaged 
in the capture of batteries on Morris Island, South Carolina, July, 1863 
(slight wound in head) ; engaged in the attack of September 8, 1863, on the 
defences of Charleston, South Carolina ; " Powhatan " West India Squadron, 
from October, 1863, to June, 1864; in command of S. S. " Gemsbok," West 
Indies, from June to August, 1864; "Powhatan," August to October, 1864 ; 
frigate " New Ironsides," 1864-5 ; engaged in attack on Fort Fisher, North 
Carolina, December 24 and 25, 1864; also in the capture of Fort Fisher 
and defences of Cape Fear River, North Carolina, January 13-15, 1865; 
in front of rebel rams, James River, Virginia, February and March, 1865; 
steamer " Chicopee," Atlantic Squadron, 1865-6. Promoted to Lieutenant- 
Commander, July, 1866; Instructor at Naval Academy, 1866-7; frigate 
"Minnesota," special service, 1867-8; flag-ship " Contocook," West India 
Squadron, 1868; frigate " Franklin," flag-ship, European Squadron, 1869 ; 
sick leave, 1870; Equipment-Officer, and Inspector of SupplieSi Norfolk 
Navy Yard, Virginia, 1871 ; sick leave, 1872 ; retired, October 26, 1872, for 
incapacity from an injury received " in the line of duty," while serving on 
board the U. S. S. "Contocook," in the AVest Indies, 1868. 

Charles Edmund McKay. — Born in New York. Appointed from 
New York, September 29, 1857 ; Naval Academy, 1857-61 ; graduated as 



LIE UTENANT-COMMANDERS. 171 

Midshipman, 1861. Promoted to Acting Master, September 4, 1861 ; April, 
1861, ordered to Navy Yard, Washington ; May, 1861, "Wabash," North 
Atlantic Station ; " Pensacola," West Gulf Squadron, September, 1861 ; 
transferred to " Princess Royal," July, 1863 ; to Fort Jackson, May, 1865 
to June, 1865. Promoted to Limdenant, July 16, 1862 ; ordered to U. S. S. 
'■ Brooklyn," flag-ship, South Atlantic Station, October, 1865. Promoted to 
Lieutetumt- Commander, July 25, 1866. Retired, June 25, 1869. 

Henry Curtis Tallman. — Born in New York. Appointed from New 
York, September 24, 1857 ; Naval Academy, 1857-61 ; attached to steam- 
sloop " Wachusett," James River Flotilla, 1862, and later in the same year 
attached to West India Squadron. Commissioned as Lieutenant, Augnst 1, 
1862 ; South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1863-4 ; engagements with the 
forts in Charleston harbor, November, 1863, on the occasion of the grounding 
of the iron-clad "Lehigh ;" engagement with Fort Moultrie, May 16, 1864 ; 
North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1864-5 ; both attacks on Fort Fisher; 
steam-sloop "Brooklyn," flag-ship, Brazil Squadron, 1866-7. Commissioned 
as Lieutenant- Commander, Ju\y 25, 1866 ; apprentice-ship " Sabine," 1868 ; 
steamer " Yantic," North Atlantic Squadron, 1868-9. 

Francis Olmstead Davenport. — Born in Michigan, August 24, 1842. 
Appointed from Michigan, September 26, 1856 ; Naval Academy, 1856-60; 
attached to brig "Perry," 1861 ; capture of privateer "Savannah," 1861 ; 
steam-gunboat " Scioto," West Gulf Blockading Squadron, 1862-3; bom- 
bardment and passage of Forts Jackson and St. Philip, 1862 ; engagement 
with guerrillas, Galveston, Texas, July 9, 1863. While temporarily in charge 
of the "Scioto," Lieutenant Davenport went on shore on the coast of Texas 
Avith two boats and twelve men, crossed the island (three and a half miles in 
width), and captured one schooner with one hundred bales of cotton, and 
one sloop with thirty bales. Not being able to bring them out, on account 
of the low water, he burned them. In preparing to leave he was wounded 
by the accidental discharge of a rifle, the ball entering the right knee and 
passing out at the side of the knee, fracturing his left arm, and rendering 
amputation above the elbow necessary. Naval Academy, 1864 ; frigate 
"Sabine," 1865-6; steamer " Michigan," on the lakes, 1866-7. Promoted 
to Passed Midshipm,an, Master and Lieutenant, 1861. Commisssioned as 
Lieutenant- Commander, July 25, 1866; steam-sloop " Tuscarora," South 
Pacific Squadron, 1868 ; store-ship " Onward," South Pacific Squadron, 
1869. Retired at his own requast, October 19, 1870, as Liexdenant- Com- 
mander. 

Frederick Irvin Naile. — Born in Pennsylvania, October 11, 1841. 
Appointed from Pennsylvania. October 27, 1859 ; Naval Academy, 1859-61 ; 
attached to frigate " St. Lawrence," blockading on Atlantic Coast, 1861 ; 
sinking of privateer "Petrel," 1861; steam-sloop-of-war "Oneida," West 
Gulf Blockading Squadron ; attack on and passage of Forts Jackson and St. 
Philip, and Chalmette batteries ; capture of New Orleans ; bombardment 
and passage of Vicksburg batteries twice ; jierformed Lieutenant's duty on the 
" Oneida," and was twice slightly wounded while on board of her, 1862. 
Promoted to Ensign^ February 24. 1863 ; frigate " Sabine," during cruise 
after the Confederate ci'uiser "Alabama," 1863; Mississippi Squadron, 
1863-5 ; Signal-Officer, flag-ship " Black Hawk," 1863-4 ; Red River Expe- 
dition, co-operation of the squadron on the Cumberland and Tennessee Rivers, 
with the army in the defeat of General Hood, 1864; commanding flag-ships 
"Black Hawk" and "Tempest," 1864-5. Promoted Lieutenant, February 
22, 1864; steamer "Chattanooga," 1866. Promoted Lieutenant- Commander, 



172 LIEUTENANT-COMMANDERS. 

July 25, 1866; steamer •• Lenape," Atlantic Squadron, 1866-7; steamer 
•' Penobscot," North Atlantic Squadron, 1868-9 ; Assistant Signal Officer. 
Washington, D. C. 1869-70. Ketired, for physical disability caused by 
exposure on duty. January. 1871. 

Gouverneur Kemble Haswell. — Born in New York. iVppointed 
from New York. November 2o. 1859; Naval Academy, 1859-61 ; attached 
to steam-frigate " R •anoke," North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1861-2 ; 
engagement with rebel ram " jNIerrimac." and Sewell's Point batteries, March, 
1862; steam-.sloop '-Adirondack," AVest India Squadron, 1862. Promoted 
to Ensign, October 7, 1862 ; steam-frigate " Colorado," AVest Gulf Blockad- 
ing Squadron, 1863-4. Commissioned as Lieutenant, February 22, 1864 ; 
AA^'est Gulf Blockading Squadron, 1864; steamer " Vanderbilt," special 
cruise, 1866-7. Commissioned as Lieutenant- Commander. July 25, 1866; 
steam-sloop " Saranac," Pacific Squadron, 1868 ; receiving-ship " Ports- 
mouth," New Hampshire, 1869-71 ; Navy Yard, Norfolk, Virginia, 1872. 
Retired, November 23. 1876. 

Edward Marshall Stedman. — Born in Massachusetts. Appointed 
from Massachusetts, September 27, 1861; Naval Academy, 1861-4; steam- 
sloop " Susquehanna," Brazil Squadron, 1865-6 ; steam-sloop ' Juniata," 
South Atlantic Squadron, 1866-7. Promoted to Ma-iter, December 1, 1866 ; 
apprentice-ship '- Saratoga," 1868. Commissioned as Lieutenant, March 12, 
1868; receiving-ship "New Hampshire," at Norfolk, 1868-9. Commissioned 
as Lieutenant- Commander, December 18, 1868; Naval Academy, 1871-2; 
sick leave, 1873-4; retired, February, 1875. 

Socrates Hubbard. — Born in New York. Appointed an Acting Mid- 
shipman at isavixl Academy, November 20, 1861; graduated, 1865 ; "Swa- 
tara" (third-rate), AA^est India Squadron, 1865-7. Promoted to Ensign, De- 
cember 1, 1866; " Guerriere " (second-rate), flag-ship, S. A. Squadron, 
1867-8. Promoted to iMa4er, March 12, 1868. Commissioned as Lieutenant, 
March 29, 1869; " Nipsic " (fourth-rate), Darien Expedition, 1869-71; 
" Omaha," (second-rate), S. P. Station, 1873-5 ; Naval Academy, 1876-80. 
Promoted to Lieutenant- Commande?', October, 1879; " Pensacola," Pacific 
Station, 1879-82 ; Naval Observatory, 1882 ; torpedo instruction, 1883 ; 
equipment duty, Navy Yard, New York, 1883-5 ; " Powhatan," special ser- 
vice, 1885-6. Retired, June 18, 1888. 

Leonard Chenery. — Entered U. S. Naval Academy, December 12, 
1861. Appointed from First California District ; graduated, September 25, 
1865 ; attached to the U. S. S. " Swatara " from October 9, 1865, to 
February 27, 1867, part of the time in the AVest Indies, and part of the 
time on" European Station. Promoted to Ensign. December 1, 1866 ; on 
ordnance duty, at AVashington, from March 9. 1867, to April 30, 1867 ; 
attached to U. S. S. " Guerriere," flag-ship of Rear- Admiral Charles H. 
Davis, on Brazil Station, from May 20, 1867, until July 29, 1869. Pro- 
moted to Master, March 12, 1868. Promoted to Lieutenant, March 25, 
1869 ; at Naval Rendezvous San Francisco, October 10, 1870, to IMarch 
25, 1871 ; Flag-Lieutenant of the Pacific Station, on stafi' of Commodore 
R. N. Stembel, from May 8, 1871, until October 10, 1872; U. S. flag-ship 
" Pensacola," acting as chief of staff for ten months ; attached to U. S. S. 
•' Saranac," from October 10, 1872, until August 1, 1874, on Pacific Station ; 
at Hydrographic Oflice, AVashington, from October 15, 1874, until Novem- 
ber 20, 1875 ; attached to U. S. monitor " Catskill," North Atlantic Station, 
from November 20, 1875, until March 20, 1877 ; eight months as Executive 
Officer and eight months as Commanding Officer ; Navy Yard, Mare Island, 



LIEUTENANT-COMMANDERS. 173 

1879-81. Promoted to Lieutenant- Commander, November, 1879. Retired, 
December 20, 1881. 

Edward Linzee Amory. — Born iu Massachusetts. Appointed an 
Acting Miiishipntun at Naval Academy, September 30, 18G1; graduated, 
1865 ; "Swatara" (third-rate). West India and European Stations, 1865-7. 
Promoted to Ensign, December 1, 1866. Promoted to Master, March 12, 
1868. " Franklin," flag-ship, European Station, 1868. Commissioned as 
Lieutenant, March 29, 1869; "Severn," flag-ship, N. A. Squadron, 1869-70; 
navigation duty, Navy Yard, Boston, 1871-2; torpedo service, 1872; "Rich- 
mond " (second-rate), N. P. Station, 1873-4 ; " Hartford " (second-rate), Asi- 
atic Station, 1874—5 ; Navy Yard, Boston, 1875-6 ; Light-House duty, 
1876-9; "Tennessee," N. A. Station, 1879-82. Promoted to Lieutenant- 
Commander, January 22, 1881; equipment duty, Navy Yard, New York, 
1885-7. Retired, June, 1887. 

Eugene Beauharnais Thomas. — Born in Ohio. Appointed as Act- 
ing Midshipmaji at Naval Academy, September 20, 1861; graduated, 1865; 
"Shenandoah" (second-rate). East India Station, 1866-7; "Mouocacy," 
1868-9. Promoted to Ensign, December 1, 1866. Promoted to Master, 
March 12, 1868. Commissioned as lAeutenant, March 26, 1869; "Congress" 
(second-rate), N. A. Squadron, 1870-1 ; R S., New York, 1872 ; Hydrographic 
Office, Washington, 1872 ; "Guard " (fourth-rate), Vienna Expedition, 1873; 
sick leave, 1874-6 ; special duty. Key West, 1877; commanding Station, Key 
West, Florida, 1877-9; commanding C. S. steamer "Endeavor," 1879-81; 
commanding C. S. steamer '' Bache," 1881-2. Promoted to Lieutenant Com- 
mander, August, 1881; "Tennessee," N. A. Station, 1882-3; sick leave, 
1883-6. Retired, June, .1887. 

Holman Vail. — Born in Indiana. Appointed as Acting Midshipman at 
Naval Academy, December 1, 1865; graduated, 1865 ; school-ship "Sabine," 
1865-6. Promoted to Ensign, December 1, 1866 ; " Dacotah" (second-rate), 
South Pacific Fleet, 1867; "Saginaw" (fourth-rate). North Pacific Squad- 
ron, 1868. Promoted to blaster, March 12, 1868 ; " Severn," flag-ship North 
Atlantic Fleet, 1869-70. Commissioned Lieutenant, March 26, 1869 ; 
" Hartford," flag-ship Asiatic Station, 1872-5; Hydrographic Ofiice, 1876-7 ; 
"Trenton," European Station, 1877-9; "Constellation," special service, 
1879-80; Naval Observatory, 1880-2. Promoted to Lieutenant- Commander, 
October, 1881; " Wachusett," Pacific Station, 1882-5; Light-House In- 
spector, 1887-90. Retired, December 4, 1890. 

Isaac Hazlett. — Born in Ohio. Appointed an Acting Midshipman at 
Naval Academy, September 27, 1861; graduated, 1865; " Monongahela " 
(third-rate). West India Station, 1865-6. Promoted to Ensign, December 
1, 1866; "Susquehanna" (first-rate), flag-ship, N. A. Station, 1866-8; 
" Michigan," on the lakes, 1868-9. Promoted to Master, March 12, 1868 ; 
"Lancaster" (second-rate), flag-ship, S. A. Fleet, 1869-72; Naval Observa- 
tory, 1872-3. Commissioned as lAetdenant, March 26, 1869 ; " Manhattan " 
(iron-clad), N. A. Station, 1873-4; R. S. " Colorado," 1875 ; Hydrographic 
Oflftce, 1876-7; "Trenton " (second-rate), flag-ship, European Station, 1877- 
80; Hydrographic Office, 1880-2. Promoted to Lieidenant- Commander, 
December, 1881; " Kearsarge," N. A. Station, 1882-3; sick leave, 1883-6. 
Retired, November, 1886. 

Frederick Augustus Miller. — Born in Maryland. Entered service as 
il/o-s^e?^'*^ il/a/e, September" 11, 1861; took part in fights at Donaldsonville ; 
some small affliirs on Mississippi River ; in capture of Mobile, and in oper- 
ations in Mobile Bay. He was recommended for promotion by Lieutenant- 



174 LIEUTENANT-COMMANDERS. 

Commander Foxhall A. Parker, while on duty at Washington Navy Yard ; 
by Commander T. A. M. Craven, after cruise in " Tusearora," and by Com- 
mander M. B. Woolsey, after fight at Donaldsonville; Washington Navy 
Yard, under instructions, in charge of one of the howitzers of Parker's Bat- 
tei-y, and in command of " A. C. Powell " ; " Tusearora," special service in 
Europe; "Princess Royal." AVest Gulf Squadron; '' Arizona," West Gulf 
Squadron ; " Frolic," in Europe ; "Quinnebaug," South Atlantic Station, 
1868-09; "Vermont," receiving-ship, New York, 1870. Commissioned 
Lieutenant, March 21, 1870; "Mohican," South I'acitic Station, 1870-1; 
Navy Yard, Boston, 1871-2; "Vermont," receiving ship. New York, 
1872-4; '* Terror," Key West, 1874; " Nipsic," surveying duties West 
Indies, 1875; Navy Yard, New York, 1875-6; "Richmond," Hag-ship, 
South Pacific Station, 1876-7; Bureau Equipment and Recruiting, 1877; 
" Portsmouth," San Francisco to Washington, then to Havre, French Expo- 
sition, 1877-9 ; " Ticonderoga," special service around world under Admiral 
Shufeldt, 1879-81; "Colorado," receiving-ship, New York, 1881-2. Pro- 
moted to Lieutenant Commander, April, 1882 ; torpedo instruction, Newport, 
1882 ; '• Lackawanna." South Pacific Station, 1883. Retired, Nov. 30, 1885. 

William H. Webb. — Born in Indiana. Served during the closing 
years of the war as a volunteer officer ; transferred to the regular service in 
1868; " Narraganset " (third-rate), West India Squadron, in 1869. Com- 
missioned as Lieutenant, March 21, 1870; Naval Station, Mound City, 
Illinois, 1870; "Ajax" (iron-clad), N. A. Fleet, 1871; Asiatic Fleet, 
1872-5; S. S. "Supply." 1875-6; commanding "Saugus" (iron-clad), 
1877-8; Navy Yard, Pensacola, 1877-81; R. S. "Passaic," 1881-2; com- 
manding " Wyandotte." 1882-3. Promoted to Lieutenant- Commander, July 
3, 1882; "Alert," Asiatic Station, 1883-4; R. S. "St. Louis," 1886-90'; 
"Tallapoosa," S. A. Station, June, 1891, to December, 1892; sick leave, 
December, 1892, to date of retirement, June 26, 1893. 

William P. Randall.— Born in New Bedford, Massachusetts. In 1861 
was about to sail in command of a whale-ship when the war commenced ; 
was furnished with a certificate signed by the president of every insurance 
office in the city, to the effect that tlieir offices would insure any vessel under 
his command at the lowest rates of insurance ; without further endorsement 
was appointed an Acting Master in the U. S. Navy, July 24, 1861, and 
ordered to the U. S. S. " Cumberland," serving on that ship at the capture of 
Forts Clarke and Hatteras, and afterwards in the engagement with the 
"Merrimac" at Newport News, March 8, 1862, at which time he had com- 
mand of the after-pivot gun (which was the last gun fired from that ship). 
May 28, 1872, promoted to the rank of Volunteer-Liexdenant, and ordered to 
the gunboat " Port Royal," Commander George W. Morris, which vessel did 
good service on the James River through the summer of 1862, and joined 
the East Gulf Squadron in the fall of that year; January 26, 1863 (being at 
that time the Executive-Officer), detached from the " Port Royal," and 
ordered to command the U. S. barque " Pursuit ; " commanded this vessel 
until August 12. 1864, when he was detached and ordered to command U. S. 
barque ""Restless ; " these vessels were engaged in blockading the coast of 
Florida, and while conmianded by Lieutenant Randall did much injury to 
the enemy, for which he received two complimentary letters from the Admiral 
commanding (Admiral Stribling), with orders to read them on the quarter- 
deck at muster ; February 23. 1865, took temporary command of the U. S. 
steamer " Hendrick Hudson " (" Restless " undergoing repairs at Key West), 
and went to St. Marks for General Newton, U. S. Army, and staff, March 9, 



LIEUTENANT-COMMANDERS. 175 

1865. Promoted to the rank of Volunteer Lieutenant- Commander, March 17, 
1865 ; detached from U. S. barque " Reckless," and ordered to take the prize 
steamer " Ruby " to New York ; arrived in New York with the " Ruby," 
April 14, 1865, and waited orders until August 17, 1865, when he was 
granted four months' leave of absence ; on December 19, 1865, was honora- 
bly dischai-ged from the U. S. Navy with the rank of Lieutenant' Commander. 
October 30, 1866, presented himself to the Examining Board at Hartford. 
Connecticut, for admission to the regular service, and was rejected on account 
of injuries received in the line of duty during the eugagement between the 
''Cumberland" and " Merrimac," but obtaining permission from Washing- 
ton for examination, he presented himself the second time, November 22, 

1866, and on December 7, 1866, received an appointment as Acting Master 
on temporary service, and was ordered to the U. S. steamer " Peoria," which 
vessel went to the West Indies and returned with yellow fever on board ; 
detached from her in Norfolk, Virginia, and went to the hospital, July 29, 
1867; was on sick-leave until tSepteniber, 1867, when he was ordered to 
the U. S. receiving-ship "Ohio," March 12, 1868 (three years and three days 
after receiving his appointment as a Volunteer Lieutenant-Commander) ; he 
received a commission as Ensign in the regular navy, October 12, 1868; 
detached from the " Ohio " and ordered to command the U. S. steamer 
" Leyden," December 18, 1868. Promoted to Master, January 27, 1869, and 
detached from the " Leyden" and ordered to the U. S. steamer " Narragan- 
set;" joined the " Narraganset " in Havana, March 17, 1869; in July the 
" Narraganset " went in quarantine at Portsmouth, New Hampshire, with 
yellow fever on board, when he was detached and ordered to the Boston 
Navy Yard ; September 1, 1869, ordered to command the U. S. steamer 
" Palos ; " in October, 1869, was detached from the " Palos," and took com- 
mand of the U. S. steamer ' Leyden." Commissioned as Lieutenant, March 
21, 1870; May 18, 1870, detached from the "Leyden" and ordered to the 
monitor " Saugus ; " joined the " Saugus " at Havana, June 4, 1870 ; Septem- 
ber 30, 1870, detached from the •' Saugus " and ordered to command the 




May 5, 1871, temporarily detached from the "Ohio" and ordered to Key 
West, Florida, as Executive-Officer, to assist in bringing the "Saugus" to 
Philadelphia; June 22, 1871, returned to the "Ohio;" September 15, 
detached from the " Ohio " and ordered to the U. S. steamer " L'oquois ; " 
January 15, 1872, detached from the " Iroquois" and ordered to the U. S. 
steamer " Canandaigua ; " August 4, 1874, detached from the '• Canandaigua" 
at Key West, and sent home by medical survey (with Chagres fever) on 
sick-leave; November, 1874, ordered to the Ordnance Department, Navy 
Yard, Boston; June 10, 1875, ordered to Torpedo Station, Newport, Rhode 
Island ; October 10, 1875, detached from Torpedo Station and ordered to 
the U. S. receiving-ship " Ohio," Navy Yard, Boston ; October 28, " Ohio's " 
crew all transferred to the receiving-ship "Wabash;" April 16, 1877, 
granted six months' leave of absence ; October 15, 1877, ordered back to the 
U. S. receiving-ship "Wabash;" "Ranger," Asiatic Station, 1»78-81 ; 
special duty, 1881-2. Promoted, 1886, to the rank of Lieutenant- Comman- 
der by Special Act of Congress. Retired, August, 1886. 

Retired as not recommended for promotion. 

Charles Henderson Craven. — Born in Maine. Appointed from Maine, 
September 20, 1860 ; Naval Academy, 1860-3. Promoted to Ensign, May 2, 



176 LIEUTENANT-COMMANDERS. 

1863 ; serving in South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1863-5 ; occupation 
of Morris Island, July, 1863 ; in command of Fifth Division at assault on 
Fort Sumter, September 7, 1863 ; attacks on rebel batteries in Stone River, 
July 3 and 7, 1864; joint expedition of naval and military forces to cut 
Charleston and Savannah Railroad, August and September, 1864 ; in charge 
of launch from " Housatonic," stationed inside of Morris Island, to prevent 
rebel communication ; v/hile on this duty, captured INIajor Walley, of the 
rebel army, who was in a boat, with a surgeon and the crew ; made attack 
with the army on Forts Gregg and Wagner, and at the evacuation of Morris 
Island, captured three boats with eighty men and officers in them ; performed 
duty in naval battery on JNIorris Island ; was attached to " Housatonic" when 
she was blown up, February 17, 1864 ; steam-frigate " Colorado," European 
Squadron, 1865-7. Commissioned as Lieutenant, ^owevaher 10, 1866; 
steam-sloop " \yampanoag," 1868. Commissioned as Lieutenant- Conunander, 
March 12, 1868 ; steam-sloop " Powhatan," Pacific Squadron, 1868-9 ; store- 
ship " Onward," South Pacific Squadron, 1869 ; " Nyack" (fourth-rate), 
Pacific Fleet, 1870-1 ; R. S. " Independence," 1872 ; "'Kearsarge," (third- 
rate), Asiatic Station, 1873-5; Navy Yard, Mare Island, 1876-8; retired, 
April, 1881. 

Retired in conformity with the Fourth Section of the Act of April 21, 1864. 

Charles E. Hawley. — Born in Connecticut. Appointed from Con- 
necticut, December 3, 1849 ; Naval School, 1849-50 ; steam-frigate " Susque- 
hanna," East India Squadron, 1851-5. Promoted Master, September 15, 
1855 ; Coast Survey, 1856-8. Commissioned as Lieutenant, June 26, 1856 ; 
receiving-ship, Philadelphia, 1861 ; ordnance-duty, Washington Navy 
Yard, 1862 ; retired, 1862 ; receiving-ship. New York, 1863 ; receiving-ship, 
Boston, 1864-5 ; special duty. Maiden, Massachusetts, 1866. Commissioned 
as Lieutenant-Commander, 1866; Light-House Inspector, Key West, 1868; 
receiving-ship, Philadelphia, 1869-70. 

Francis Henry Sheppard.— Born in Missouri. Appointed from Mis- 
souri, October 16, 1861, to the Naval Academy; graduated, 1863. Promoted 
to Ensign, 1863. Promoted to Master, 1867. Served in Blockading Squad- 
ron from date of graduation to the close of the Rebellion ; served as Execu- 
tive Officer in the West India Squadron, 1867-9. Promoted to Lieutenant- 
Commander, March 26, 1869. Retired, March 26, 1869. 

Retired in conformity idth the Twenty-third Section of Act of August 3, 

1861. 

George F. Morrison. — Born in Pennsylvania. Appointed from Ohio, 
November 5, 1849 ; Naval School 1849-50; attached to sloop " Plymouth, ' 
East India Squadron, 1851-5. Promoted to Master, September 16, 1^55; 
retired, 1856; unemployed, 1856-90. Commissioned as Lieutenant- Com- 
mander., 1867. 

Charles W^urts Tracy. — Born in Pennsylvania. Appointed from the 
same State, October 27, 1859 ; Naval Academy, 1859-61; attached to frigate 
"St Lawrence," Atlantic Coast, 1861; destruction of privateer '• Petrel ; " 
steam-gunboat "■ Octorara," Mississippi Squadron, 1862-3 ; " Vicksburg," 
July, 1862. Promoted to Ensign, December 10, 1862 ; South Atlantic 
Blockading Squadron, 1863-5 ; at Charleston, April, 1863, and other actions 
during the siege. Commissioned as Lieutenant, February 22, 1864; Pacific 
Squadron, 1866-8. Commissioned as Lieutenant- Commander, July 25, 1866 ; 



LIEUTENANTS. 177 

steam-sloop " Plymouth,'' European Squadron, 1869 ; Naval Academy, 
1870-2; "A.aska" (second-rate), European Station, 1873-5; "Juniata," 
European Station, 1876. Retired, October 22, 1878. 

David Clarence Woodrow. — Entered Naval Academy, September, 
18()1; graduated, November, 1864; ordered to Navy Yard, New York, 
February, 1865; duty on board "North Carolina," and "Savannah;" 
ordered to Hag-ship "Hartford," A. Squadron, July, 1865. Promoted to 
Ensign, November, 1866. Promoted to Master, December, 1866. Promoted 
to Lieutenant, March, 1868. Promoted to Lieutenant- Commander, March, 
1869; "Ashuelot," Asiatic Station, September, 1867, to August, 1869; 
"Severn," flag-ship, N. A. Station, August, 1869, to November, 1870 ; Hy- 
drographic Office, November, 1870; ordered to " Worcester," special duty 
carrying supplies to suffering French, and bringing back from Liverpool 
Armstrong guns and ammunition, formerly belonging to the Confederacy, 
February, 1871; " Wyoming," N. A. Squadron, October, 1871, to February, 
1873; receiving-ship "Sabine," February, 1873, to September, 1873; or- 
dered to " Ossipee," N. A. Squadron, September, 1873 ; while serving as navi- 
gator of " Ossipee," was temporarily detached and placed in command of the 
" Virginius," which vessel had just been turned over to our Government 
by the Spanish Government, at Bahia Honda, Cuba. The " Virginius " 
sank oft' Bald Head Light, North Carolina, December 26, 1873 ; served 
then successively on the " Kansas," '' Shawmut," "C'anandaigua," iron-clad 
" Manhattan," and store-ship " New Hampshire," N. A. Squadron ; ordered 
to " Lackawanna," Pacific Squadron, in December, 1880, and was relieved 
from duty by Medical Survey, and ordered to the Hospital in Washington, 
September, 1883 ; placed upon the retii'ed list, June, 1884. 

Appointed on Retired List. 

W. W. Bassett.— Entered the Navy as Midshipman, March 6, 1838. 
Promoted to Passed Midshipman in 1844; served on board the steamer 
'' Princeton " four years during the Mexican War ; went as Master, to the 
Brazils in the U. S. brig " Bainbridge ; " was Acting Lieutenant on board 
the ■' Germantown " six months ; returned home as Master of the " Bain- 
bridge," in 1853; was Master of the IJ. S. ship "Pennsylvania;" in 1853, 
was appointed to the frigate " Potomac ; " was store-keeper at Ship Island 
and Pensacola two years and ten months ; resigned in 1865. Was appointed 
on the retired list as Lieutenant-Commander, on account of injuries received 
in line of duty, in 1872. 

LIEUTENANTS ON THE ACTIVE LIST. 

Theodorus Bailey Myers Mason.— Born in New York City, May 8, 
1848. Appointed Midshipman from Florida to U. S. Naval Academy at 
Newport, Rhode Island, September 20, 1864; served on board practice-ships 
■'Macedonian," "Savannah," and " Dale ;" graduated, number 21, June (i, 
1868; ordered to flag-ship " Guerriere," South Atlantic Station, September 
3, 1 868 ; received letter of thanks frouj the Secretary of the Navy, gold 
medal of New York Benevolent and Life-Saving Institution, and decoration 
of the Order of the Rose from the Emperor of Brazil, for saving two of the 
ship's crew in the harbor of Rio Janiero ; detached from steamer " Guer- 
riere " at New York, July 21, 1869. Commissioned an Ensign, Api'il 19, 1869; 
ordered to the flag-ship "Franklin," European Station; reported at Mar- 

12 



178 LIEUTENANTS. 

seilles, October 23, 1869 ; detached from "Franklin" at Copenhagen, and 
granted leave, June 30, 1871. Promoted to Master, July 12, 1870 ; ordered 
to Hydrographic Office, December 1, 1871 ; detailed for duty as aide to the 
Secretary of Navy, December 2, 1871 ; ordex-ed to accompany President 
Grant to Boston, June 7, 1872 ; detached from Hydrographic Office, July 
18, 1872 ; ordered to steamer " Omaha," fitting out at Philadelphia for South 
Pacific. Promoted to Lieutenant, November 20, 1872 ; detached from 
"Omaha "at Valparaiso, and ordered to flag-ship " Pensacola," February 
15,1873; took part in landing at Panama to protect American interests 
during the spring and fall of 1873 ; detailed as Flag- Lieutenant, December 
22, 1873 ; i-eceived silver naval medal from King of Italy for saving native 
bark " Detaide" from fire in harbor of Callao ; " Pensacola," transferred to 
North Pacific Station, April 15, 1874 ; admiral and staff" temporarily trans- 
ferred to "Saranac" while " Pensacola " was undergoing repairs at Mare 
Island; detached from staff" and ship at Honolulu, July 29, 1875; ordered 
to Naval Academy, November 15, 1875 ; detailed during term of 1875-6 in 
Department of Modern Languages ; ordered to practice-steamer " IMayflower " 
as Executive-Officer at Philadelphia, May 11, 1876; detailed as Instructor 
in Ordnance and Gunnery, with special charge of Light-Artillery Instruc- 
tion ; ordered to practice-steamer " Mayflower " at New York as Executive- 
Officer, July 26, 1877 ; Naval Academy, Department Ordnance and 
Gunnery; detached from Naval Academy, November 30, 1878, and granted 
leave, with permission to leave United States ; traveled in Europe accredited 
to different legations for facilities to make reports on naval matters ; made a 
Life Fellow of the Society of Civil Engineers of France, November 22, 1878 ; 
acted as Aide to Marshall McMahon, President of France, at the grand 
review and manoeuvres closing the Exposition of 1878 ; December 10, 1879, 
ordered as Assistant Inspector of Ordnance at the West Point Foundry ; 
December 13, 1878, elected a Life Fellow of the American Geographical 
Society; April 9, 1878, ordered to duty on board the "Pensacola," flag-ship 
of Pacific Station, and in charge of a large draft of men for the station ; 
reported for duty on board the " Pensacola " at Callao, Peru, and detached 
as Flag-Lieutenant to Rear- Admiral C. R. P. Rodgers ; September 27, 1880, 
appointed Secretary to Rear-Admiral T. H. Stevens, who relieved Admiral 
Rodgers. Whilst serving on the South American coast made several 
important reports on the operations of the war between Chili, Peru, and 
Bolivia ; also compiled an historical sketch report of the war, afterwards 
published as Volume II., War Series, Office of Home Intelligence, and trans- 
lated for use in Chili. September 5, 1881, ordered to Naval Academy, and 
detailed as Instructor in Ordnance and in charge of Artillery Drills ; June 
7, 1882, ordered to duty at Navy Department, Washington, as the First 
Chief Intelligence Officer ; organized Intelligence Staff", Duty, and Office ; 
in addition performed duty as Aide to President Chester A. Arthur; Sep- 
tember 14, 1883, was ordered by President to meet and accompany the first 
Embassy from Corea sent to the United States; April 29, 1884, ordered to 
similar duty with first Embassy from Siam to the United States ; acted as 
Special Aide to Lieutenant-General Sheridan at the dedication of the Wash- 
ington Monument, February 22, 1885, and to Major-General Slocum, 
inaugural ceremonies of President Grover Cleveland, March 4, 1885 ; April 
1, 1885, detached from duty in Washington, and ordered to command light 
artillery of the naval forces sent to the Isthmus of Panama to protect transit 
and American interests ; whilst on the Isthmus nominally attached to the 
flag-ship "Tennessee," Rear- Admiral James Jouett; May 28, 1885, granted 



LIEUTENANTS. 179 

leave of absence for one year with permission to go abroad, intending to 
resign; September 16, 1885, applied for sea duty, and ordered to Asiatic 
Station ; reported for duty on board flag-ship " Trenton," at Shanghai, 
China, November 24, 1885 ; detailed, at own request, as senior Watch-Officer 
of flag-ship, April 16,1886; "Trenton" being ordered home, ordered as 
Secretary to Rear- Admiral John Lee Davis, April 22 ; Admiral transferred 
flag to "Omaha," and August 9 to "Marion;" November 22, 1886, Rear- 
Admiral Davis being relieved by Rear- Admiral Chandler, was transferred 
to his staff as Flag-Lieutenant; April 4, 1887, the Admiral transferred flag 
to "Brooklyn ;" October 1, 1887, detached from duty on stafl' and ordered 
to " Essex '" as Navigator ; January 18, 1888, detached from " Essex " and 
ordered home; August 14, 1888, ordered to duty in Navy Department as 
Naval Secretary to Mr. W. C. Whitney, Secretary of the Navy ; February 
26, 1889, ordered, in addition to other duty, as Adjutant-General of the 
naval force assembled in Washington for duty in the inaugural ceremonies 
of President Benjamin Harrison ; February 28, ordered to duty JNIarch 20 
under Rear- Admiral S. R. Franklin, senior member of American Delegation 
and President of the International Maritime Congress and also to duty in 
Bureau of Navigation ; March 6, 1889, ordered to duty in Navy Department 
as Naval Secretary to General Benjamin F. Tracy, Secretary of the Navy ; 
detached December 10, 1891 ; accompanied President Harrison to New 
York, April 29, to attend Centennial Celebration of the Inauguration of 
George Washington as President, and on July 4 to Woodstock, Connecticut ; 
Assistant CTcneral Inspector of New York, December 10, 1891, to August, 
1893 ; " New Yoik," S. A. Station, August, 1893, to date. 

Thomas Chalmers McLean. — Born in New York. Appointed Mid- 
shipman, September 21, 1864; graduated from Naval Academy, June, 1868, 
taking, the prize flag for the best drilled company in the battalion ; " Tusca- 
rora," South Pacific and West Indies, 1868-9. Promoted to Ensign, April, 
1869; "Benicia" and "Idaho," Asiatic Fleet, 1869-72. Promoted to 
Master, July, 1870 ; commanded the sailor infantry of the " Benicia," in the 
Corean Expedition, and was commended for gallant conduct in the assault 
on Fort du Coude, having the left of the line next the company of Lieutenant 
McKee, in memory of whom the fort was renamed by the captors. Naval 
Torpedo Station, Newport, 1872. Promoted to Lieutenant, 1872; Experi- 
mental Battery, Annapolis, 1873-4 ; flag-ship "Tennessee," 1875 ; Torpedo 
Station, 1876-7 ; Washington Navy Yard, 1878; in charge Experimental 
Battery, 1879; flag-ship "Trenton," European Station, 1879-81 ; member of 
the United States Government delegation to the International Electrical 
Congress and of the Commission to the Electrical Exhibition, Paris, 1881 ; 
elected secretary to a section of the Congress ; vice-president of jury of 
awards, group V., instruments of precision, etc., at the Exhibition ; special 
duty in Germany, France, Russia, and England ; Naval Attache, Vienna, 
1883, and Government Representative at Vienna Electrical Exhibition ; 
Torpedo Station, 1884; steamer ''Brooklyn," 1885; "Dolphin," 1885-8; 
Torpedo Station, 1889, to March, 1893 ; Assistant Inspector of " Detroit," 
March 1893, to July 1893 ; " Detroit," S. A. Station, July, 1893, to date. 

V^illiam Jay Barnette. — Born in New York. Entered Naval Acad- 
emy, July 27, 1864; graduated, 1868 ; Asiatic Fleet, 1868-70. Promoted 
to Eiimjn, 1869; and to Mader, 1870; torpedo duty, 1871 ; "Wabash," 
flag-ship, European Squadron, 1871-4. Commissioned as Lieutenant, 1872 ; 
Hydrographic Office and Navy Yard, Washington, 1874-5; " Pensacola," 
flag-ship, North Pacific Station, Flag-Lieutenant. 1875-8 ; Naval Acad- 



180 LIEUTENANTS. 

emy, 1878-81 ; trainiug-ship '' Saratoga," 1881-4 ; Naval Academy. 1884-6 ; 
practice-ship ''Constellation," 1886; Naval Academy, 1886-8; -'Galena," 
N. A. Squadron, 1888-90 ; school-ship " St. Mary's," December, 1890, to 
December, 1893. 

Francis Henry Delano. — Born in Ohio. Entered Naval Academy, 
September 22, 1863; graduated June, 1867 ; " Susquehanna," Hag-ship, N. 
A. Station, 1867; '• Contocook," flag-ship, N. A. Station, 1868; " Yantic," 
N. A. Station, 1868-H. Promoted to Ensign, December, 1868 ; signal duty, 
Washington, D. C, March, 1870. to June 1870. Promoted to Master, March, 
1870; "Mohican," Pacific Station, 1870-71; " Ashuelot," Asiatic Station, 
1871-3. Promoted to Lieutenant, February, 1873; '-Portsmouth." N. 
Pacific Station, 1874-5 ; "Sabine," receiving-ship, Portsmouth, N. H , 1875- 
76; "Shawmut," N. A. Station, September, 1876, to January, 1877; Hydro- 
graphic Office, February 17, 1877, to April 26, 1877; '' Supply," ti-aining- 
ship, May 1, 1877, to September 13, 1877 ; ''Wyoming," R. S. Washington, 
December, 1877, to January, 1878; "Supply," store-ship, 1878-9; com- 
manding " Intrepid," 1879-82 ; " Pensacola," F. S. Pacific Station, 1882-3 ; 
" Richmond," F. S. Asiatic Station, 1883-4 ; Navy Yard, Portsmouth, N. H., 
1884-5; Torpedo Station, 1885 ; Navy Yard, Portsmouth, N. H., 1885-7; 
" Ossipee," N. A. Station, 1887-9, in command last month or so of ship's 
commission ; Navy Yard, Portsmouth, December, 1889, to June, 1892 ; at 
present waiting orders. 

Charles Thomas Forse. — Born in Pennsylvania. Entered Naval 
Academy, September 23, 1^64; graduated, 1868; "Jamestown," Pacific 
Fleet, 1868-9. Promoted to Ensign, 1869 ; " Alaska," Asiatic Fleet, 
1869-72. Promoted to Master, 1870 ; and commissioned as Lieutenant, 1873 ; 
"Ossipee," N. A. Station, 1873-6; " Tuscarora," Pacific Station, 1877-81 ; 
" Ranger," Pacific Station, 1881-4 ; commanding C. S. S. " Earnest," 1884-7 ; 
inspector of steel, new cruisers, 1887 to July, 1892; "Kearsarge," N. A. Sta- 
tion, July, 1892, to date. 

Edwin King Moore. — Born in Ohio. Entered Naval Academy, Octo- 
ber 1, 1864; graduated, 1868; store-ship "Guard," European Fleet, 1868-9. 
Promoted to Ensign, 1869; signal duty, 1870. Promoted to Master, 1870; 
"Colorado" " Benicia," and "Monocacy," Asiatic Fleet, 1870-3. Commis- 
sioned as Lieutenant, 1^1 Z ; "Portsmouth," surveying on Pacific, 1873-6; 
Coast Survey steamer " McArthur," on Pacific Coast, 1876-80 ; Naval Ob- 
servatory, 1881-4; training-ship "Saratoga," 1884-7; Naval Academy, 
1887-90 ; Bureau of Equipment, 1890 to January, 1891 ; " Boston," Squad- 
ron of Evolution, Januarv to October, 1891 ; Pacific Station, October, 1891, 
to April, 1893; "Mohican," Behring Sea Fleet, May to December, 1893; 
leave of absence, December, 1893, to January, 18y4; Boston Navy Yard, 
January, 1894. 

Albion Varette Wadhams. — Entered the Naval Academy, Septem- 
ber 26, 1864; graduated, June, 1868. Promoted Ensign, April' 19, 1869. 
Master, July 12, 1870. Lieutenant, March 25, 1873 ; Pacific Station, 1868-9 ; 
China Station, 1870-3 ; (Corean fights) " Powhatan" and " Alert," 1874-5 ; 
Naval Academy, 1875-8; Coast Survey, 1878-80; "Nipsic," European Station, 
1880-3 ; Navy Yard, Washington, 1884-6 ; China Station, 1886-9 ; Assistant 
Light-House Inspector, member of Board of Inspection, Merchant Vessels 
and Inspection of Steel for new Vessels, 1889-2; leave of absence, 1893. 
" Mohican," Pacific Station, November, 1893, to date. 

George Whittelsey Tyler. — Born in Connecticut. Entered Naval 
Academy, October 3. 1864 ; graduated, 1868 ; Asiatic Fleet, 1868-70. Pro- 



LIEUTENANTS. 181 

moted to Ensign, 1869, aud to Master, 1870 ; " Guerriere," European Squad- 
ron, 1870-2. Commissioned as Lieutenant, 1873 ; Coast Survey, 1873-5 ; 
"Franklin," 1876-7; and R. S. "Colorado," 1877-8; " Plymouth," K A. 
Station, 1H78 ; Naval Academy, 1878-81; "Tennessee," N. A. Station, 
1881-4; Naval Academy, 1884-5; practice-ship "Constellation," 1885; 
Naval Academy, 1885-8 ; " Mohican," Pacific Station, 1888, to November, 
1891; leave of absence, November, 1891, to January, 1892; special duty. 
Bureau of Navigation, January-August, 1892 ; Library and War Records, 
August, 1892, to date. 

James Dexter Adams. — Born in New York. Entered Naval Acad- 
emy, September 27, 1864 ; graduated, 1868 ; "Albany," temporary duty, 
September, 1868 ; " Yantic," October, 1868 ; " Gettysburg," November, 1868. 
Promoted to Ensign, A])ril, 1869; "Frolic," September, 1869 ; "Jamestown," 
Pacific Fleet, March, 1870. Promoted to Master, July, 1870; "Mohican," 
October, 1871; R. S. " Independence," June, 1872 ; " Hassler," Coast Survey, 
August, 1873. Promoted to Lieutenant, September, 1873 ; Torpedo Station, 
May, 1876 ; Mare Island Navy Yard, August, 1876 ; R. S. "Independence," 
July, 1877; " Pensacola," August, 1877; Mare Island Navy Yard, December, 
1880; TorpedoStation, May, 1883; "Powhatan," August, 1883; "Lancas- 
ter," July, 1884; " Kearsarge," August, 1884 ; R. S. "Vermont," March, 
1887; ordnance duty. Navy Yard, Washington, December, 1888 ; " Dolphin," 
N. A. Station, November, 1889, to May, 1891; Compass Office, May, 1891; 
Hydrographic Office, October, 1891, to March, 1892 ; Naval Academy, 
March 1892, to date. 

Richard Wainwright. — Born in District of Columbia. Entered Naval 
Academy, September 28, 1864; graduated, 1868; "Jamestown," Pacific 
Fleet, 1868-9. Promoted to Ensign, 1869; Hydrographic Office, 1870.- 
Promoted to Master, 1870; "Colorado," flag-ship, Asiatic Fleet, 1870-2. 
Commissioned as Lieutenant, 1873 ; Hydrographic Office, 1873-4 ; command- 
ing Coast Survey vessel "Arago," 1875-8 ; Flag-Lieutenant to Rear-Admiral 
T. H. Patterson, commanding Asiatic Station, 1878-81; special duty, Bureau 
of Navigation, 1881-4 ; " Tennessee," North Atlantic Station, 1884-5 ; Sec- 
retary to Rear-Admiral J. E.* Jouett, commanding North Atlantic, 1885-6 ; 
" Galena," North Atlantic Station, 1886-7; Steel Inspection, 1887-8 ; Naval 
Academy, 1888-90 ; "Alert." special service, October, 1890, to October, 1893; 
Hydrographtic Office, October, 1893, to date. 

James Russell Selfridge. — Born in Massachusetts. Entered Naval 
Academy, July 21, 1864; graduated, 1868; Pacific Fleet, 1868-9. Pro- 
moted to Ensign, 1869; "Colorado," flag-ship, Asiatic Fleet, 1870-2. Pro- 
moted to Master, 1870. Commissioned as Jjieutenant, 1873; "Franklin," 
flag-ship, European Squadron, 1873; "Congress," same squadron, 1874-6; 
training-ship " Monongahela," 1876-7 ; torpedo duty, 1877 ; ordnance duty. 
Navy Yard, Washington, 1878-80 ; training-ship, " Portsmouth," 1880-2 ; 
Recorder Regulation Board, 1882-3 ; Hydrographic Office, 1883-5 ; 
"Adams," Pacific Station, 1885-6; "Iroquois," Pacific Station, 1886-8; 
ordnance duty. Navy Yard, Washington, 1889 to June, 1891 ; Flag Lieu- 
tenant to Commander-in-Chief, Asiatic Station, June, 1891, to July, 1893 ; 
leave of ab.sence, July to September, 1893 ; Torpedo Station, September to 
October 5, 1893; ordnance duty, Washington Navy Yard, October 11 to 
December 30, 1893 ; ordered as Executive Officer, "St. Mary's" January 3, 
1894. 

Charles Albert Adams. — Born in New York. Entered Naval Acad- 
emy, July 23, 1863 ; graduated, 1868 ; Pacific Fleet, 1868-70. Promoted 



182 LIEUTENANTS. 

Ensign, 1869 ; " Ossipee," Pacific Fleet, 1870-2. Promoted to Master, 1870 ; 
" Shenandoah," European Station, 1873. Commissioned as Lieutenant, 1873 ; 
" Congress," European Station, 1874-6 ; Asiatic Station, 1877-8 ; " Ranger," 
Asiatic Station, 1878-9; " Palos," Asiatic Station, 1879-81, "Michigan," 
(N. W. Lakes), 1882-5 ; " Pensacola," European Station, 1885-8 ; receiving- 
ship "Vermont," 1888 to March, 1892; "Philadelphia," Pacific Station, 
March, 1892, to date. 

William Henry Everett. — Entered Naval Academy as a Midshijrman, 
July 23, 1863 ; U. S. S. " Pawnee," U. S. S. " Portsmouth " and U. S. flag- 
ship "Guerriere," on the South Atlantic Station, 1868-69. Promoted to 
Ensign, April 19, 1869 ; U. S. S. " Nantasket," in the West Indies, 1869-71. 
Promoted to Master, July 12, 1870; transferred from U. S. S. " Nantasket " 
to U. S. S. "Congress," in the spring of 1871, and served on her until April, 
1874, in West Indies, Greenland (in connection with Polar Expedition, 
undertaken by the S. S. " Polaris " ), and on the European Station ; transferred 
to U. S. S. " Wyoming," and served until it went out of connnission, at 
Washington, in the spring of 1874. Promoted to Lieutenant, December 12, 
1873 ; equipment duty at Navy Yard, New York, 1874-5 ; U. S. S. " Alert," 
North Atlantic Station, 1875-6 ; IT. S. S. flag-ship " Tennessee," Asiatic 
Station, 1876-8 ; on duty at Nautical Almanac Office, Washington, D. C, 
November, 1878, to November, 1879 ; ordnance duty, Navy Yard, New 
York, December 1, 1879-81 ; U. S. S. " Tallapoosa," North Atlantic Station, 
1882-4 ; Flag- Lieutenant, to Rear- Admiral James E. Jouett, on board U. S. 
flag-ship "Tennessee," North Atlantic Station, 1884-6 ; ordnance duty, Navy 
Yard, Portsmouth, N. H., 1886-7; U. S. training-ship "Saratoga," 1887-8"; 
U. S. flagship " Richmond," South Atlantic Station, 1889-90 ; in charge of 
Branch Hydrographic Office, Boston, Mass., September, 1890. to September, 
1893; ordered as Ordnance Instructor, at Navy Yard, Washington, his 
present duty, November, 1893. 

John Mitchell Hawley. — Born in Massachusetts. Entered the Naval 
Academy, July 23, 1863 ; graduated 1868 ; South Atlantic Station, 1868-9. 
Promoted to Ensign, 1869 ; store-ship " Guard," Darien Surveying Expedi- 
tion, 1870-71 ; had charge of Hydrography. Promoted to Master, 1870; 
"Wyoming" Home Station, 1871-2 ; Nicaragua vSurveying Expedition, 1872-3; 
" Ticonderoga," 1874 ; at Key West during the Cuban troubles of that year ; 
Coa-t Suryey duty from November, 1874 till May, 1879, during which time 
commanded the schoonei's " Bache," " Earnest," and " Silliman." Promoted 
to Lieutenant, January, 1874 ; " Wachusett," 1879-82 ; "Jamestown," 1882, 
when she made her voyage from San Francisco to Newport, R. I., around 
Cape Horn ; Hydrographic Office, 1882-3 ; ordered to open the branch 
Hydrographic Office, at Baltimore, Md., December, 1883, and remained in 
charge of the Office until March, 1885, when ordered to duty in the 
Coast Survey, to take part in the re-survey of New York Harbor ; com- 
manded the schooner " Eagre ; " ordered to command the steamer " Bache," 
in November, 1885 ; Executive Officer of the " Nipsic," 1887-90. Received 
a vote of thanks from the Legislature of Massachusetts, for rare courage and 
ability displayed during the Samoan hurricane in March, 1889 ; commended 
to the Navy Department by Real- Admiral Kimberly, " for zeal and energy 
in getting the " Nipsic " afloat after she was beached. He had entire charge 
of this work, and to his efforts, in a large measure, is due the fact that the 
" Nipsic " is now afloat without more serious injury." Ordered to duty at the 
Naval Academy, November, 1890 ; Executive Officer of the practice-ship 
" Constellation," 1891, to date. 



LIEUTENANTS. 183 

Thomas Holdup Stevens. — Boiii in Honolulu, Sandwich Islands. 
Appointed to Naval Academy, 1863, by President Lincoln, from among sons 
of officers ; graduated, 1868 ; 1868-9, Pacific Fleet, steamer " Resaca," Mex- 
ican and lower California coasts ; " Mohican," on scientific expedition to Siberia 
for observation of total eclipse of sun, August, 1869. Promoted to Ensign, 
July 22, 1869; " Michigan" and "Colorado," 1869-70. Promoted to Master, 
1870 ; on duty in Pacific Squadron, 1870-3 ; flag-ship " Ossipee" and sloop 
" Cyane ; " while attached to latter ship, participated in survey of Isthmus of 
Tehuantepec for construction of Inter-oceanic Canal ; temporarily attached to 
" Jamestown ; "flag-ship " Pensacola," 1872-3, in South Pacific ; May, 1873, 
commanded a company of "blue jackets" during the temporary occupation of 
Panama by armed forces from "Pensacola" and " Tuscarora," for protection 
of American interests in time of a rebellion ; latter part of 1873, duty at Navy 
Yard, Norfolk, Vii'ginia ; November, 1873, navigator of torpedo-boat " May- 
flower," at time of Spanish- American complications. Commissioned as Lieu- 
tenant., January 23, 1874 ; flag-ship " Franklin," European Station, 1874-6 ; 
" Marion," same station, October, 1876, to April, 1877 ; Torpedo Station, 
Newport, Rhode Island, summer of 1877 ; Executive Officer, receiving ship 
" Passaic," 1878 ; 1878, Torpedo Station, Newport ; 1879-80, flag-ship " Rich- 
mond," Asiatic Station ; 1881, Fleet Signal-Officer, Pacific Station ; 1882, 
duty at Navy Department (War Records) ; same year, " Miantonomah " and 
" Galena ; " 1884-6, Asiatic Station, " Marion " and " Palos ; " August, 1888, 
receiving-ship " Vermont," Navy Yard, New York ; Waiting Orders, 
November, 1890-91 ; " Ranger," Pacific Station, November, 1891 to June, 
1893 ; Waiting Orders, June, 1893, to date. 

John Augustus Rodgers. — Born in Maryland. Entered Naval 
Academy, Julv 29, 1863 ; graduated, 1868. Promoted to Ensign, 1869 ; 
Pacific Fleet, 1868-9 ; S. S. "Supply," 1870; " Nipsic," Darien Expedition, 
1870-1. Promoted to blaster, 1870; torpedo service, 1871-2; "Hartford," 
Asiatic Station, 1872-5; "Trenton," flag-ship, European Station, 1877-9. 
Commissioned as Lieutenant, 1874; "Juniata," 1876-7; "Constellation," 
1879-80 ; inspector of ordnance, Pittsburgh and Philadelphia, ordnance 
duty, Navy Yard, Washington, 1880-3 ; " Ossipee," Asiatic Station, 1883-6 ; 
inspector of steel, new cruisers, 1886-7 ; member of Steel Board, 1888-90; 
" Pensacola," S. A. Station, July, 1890, to April, 1891 ; sick leave, April, 
1891, to November, 1892 ; "Miantonomah," N. A. Station, November, 1892, 
to date. 

James William Carl in. —Born May 14, 1848. Entered Naval Acad- 
emy, July 1864; graduated, June, 1868; '"Nipsic," West India Station, 
l«68-9. Promoted to Ensign, April, 1869. Promoted to Master, July, 1870; 
" Saco," European Station, 1870-1; " Saco," Asiatic Station, 1^72 ; " Monoc- 
acy," Asiatic Station, l''^72-3. Commissioned as Lieutenant, February, 1874; 
torpedo duty, Newport, R. I., 1874; "Brooklyn," S. A. Station, 1S75 ; 
" Brooklyn," West India Station, 1^76 ; "Adams," West India Station, 1876; 
" Michigan," lakes, 1877; "Constitution" (training-ship), Philadelphia, 
1877; " Constitution," European Station, 1878 ; "Alaska," Pacific Station, 
1881-2; "Lackawanna," Pacific Station, 1882-4; R. S. " Independence," 
1884-6; "Alert," Pacific Station, 1886-7; "Vandalia," Pacific Station, 
1887-9. Lieutenant Carlin was Executive Officer of "Vandalia," in the 
memorable hurricane at Apia, Samoa, March, 16, 1889, and after the loss of 
Captain Schoonmaker, he was in command of the ship. Inspector of Steel, 
Union Iron Works, San Francisco, May, 1890, to February, 1893; "Mon- 
terey," Pacific Station, February, 1893, to date. 



184 LIEUTEXAXTS. 

Gottfried Blocklinger. — Born in Ohio. Entered Naval Academy, 
July 21, 186.S; graduated, 1868; Pacific Fleet, 1888-72. Promoted to Au- 
^•/.7?*, 1869 ; to Master, 1870; " Kear^arge," Asiatic Station, 1873-6. Com- 
missioned as Licufenani, 1874 ; torpedo duty, summer of 1877; " Elnterprise " 
(survey Amazon River), 1877-8; "Adams," Pacific Station, 1870-82; Coast 
Survey, 1882-3 ; C. S. S. " Hassler," 1883-6 ; Hydrographic Office, 1886-7; 
Light-House Inspector, 1887-'J ; "Alliance," Asiatic Squadron, 18!)0, to De- 
cember, 1801; training-ship "Richmond," December, 18t)l, to A{)ril, 18!)2; 
" Yorktown," special service, Squadron, April, 18U2, to October, 18! 13 ; Ord- 
nance Instructor, Navy Yard, Washington, October, 1893, to date. 

Perry Garst. — Born in Ohio. Entered Naval Academv, July 2o, 1863 ; 
graduated, 1868 ; Pacific Fleet, 1868-73. Promoted to Emh/n, 18d9 ; to 
Master, 1S70 ; S. S. " Frolic." 1874 ; Asiatic Fleet, 1874-8. Commissioned 
as Lieutenant, 1874 ; Coast S. S. "Gednev," 1879-80 ; commanding C. S. S. 
"Earnest," 1880-82; "Passaic." 1882; R. S. "Franklin," 1882-3; "Shen- 
andoah," Pacific Station, 1883-6 ; ordnance duty. Navy Yard, Washington, 
1886-S ; Judge-Advocate General's Office, 1888-90; training-ship " James- 
town," June, 1XU{), to July, 1892 ; Naval Academy, September, 1892, to date. 

James Kelsey Cogswell. — Born in Wisconsin. Entered Naval Acad- 
emy, September, 23, 1863 ; graduated, 1868 ; " Powhatan," P. F. 1868-9. 
Promoted to Ensign, 1869 ; Pacific Fleet, 1870-2. Promoted to Master, 
1870; " Ticonderoga," N. A. S., 1874. Commissioned as Lieutenant, 1874; 
"Monongahela," S. A. S., 1875-6 ; "Essex," 1876, N. A. S. ; S. A. S., 1877- 
79; Hydrographic Office, 1879-81; "Vandalia," N. A. Station, 1881-4; 
Navy Yard, Portsmouth, 1884-5 ; Navy Yard, AVashington, 1886 ; inspector 
of ordnance. South Boston Iron. Works, 1887-8 ; " Tallapoosa," S. A. Station, 
1888-92 ; Navy Yard, Portsmouth, ]\[ay, 1892, to date. 

Frederick Singer.— Born in Germanv. Entered Naval Academv, 
1863 ; graduated, 1868 ; " Nipsie," North Atlantic Station. 1868-9. Pro- 
moted to Ensign, 1869; "Terror," North Atlantic Station, 1869-70. Pro- 
moted to Master, 1870; signal and ordnance duty, AVashington, 1871-2; 
" Michigan," on lakes, 1872 ; " Benicia," North Pacific Station, 1872-5. 
Commissioned as Lieutenant, 1874; " Canonicus," North Atlantic Station, 
1876-8 ; " Richmond," Asiatic Station, 1878-9 ; " Ashuelot," Asiatic Station, 
1879-80 ; " Monocacy," Asiatic Station, 1880 ; " Richmond, 1880-1 ; receiv- 
ing-ship " Independence, 1882-3 ; torpedo duty, Newport, R. I., 1883 ; receiv- 
ing-ships " Colorado," and " Vermont," 1883-4 ; " Powhatan," 1884 ; " Quin- 
nebaug," E. S., 1884-7 ; Office Naval Intelligence, 1887-90 ; " Ranger," 
Pacific Station, 1890-1; " Pensacola," Pacific Station, 1891-2; Office of 
Naval Intelligence, 1892 ; represented Navy Department on board i-eviewing- 
ship " George S. Blake," carrying the Diplomatic Corps at the International 
Columbian Naval Review, at New York, April, 1893 ; Chief Intelligence 
Officer and JMember of Board on Construction, Navy Department, July, 
1893, to date. 

Arthur Bayard Speyers. — Born in New York. Entered Naval Acad- 
emy, July 23, 1863; graduated, 1868; North Atlantic Fleet, 1868-9. Pro- 
moted to Ensign, 1869; " Benicia," Asiatic Station, 1869-72. Promoted to 
Master, 1870 ; "Kansas," North Atlantic Station, 1873-4. Commissioned as 
Lieutenant, 1874 ; Richmond," S. P. S., 1874-7 ; Naval Academy, 1877-81 ; 
training-ship "Saratoga," 1881-4; Navy Yard, New York, 1884-6; "Chi- 
cago," special service, 1886-7; "Galena," North Atlantic Station, 1887-90 ; 
training-ship "Minnesota," October, 1890 to July, 1893; "Yorktown," 
Pacific Station, July, 1893, to date. 



LIEUTENANTS. 185 

Ebenezer Scudder Prime. — Born in Xew York. Entered Naval 
Academy, September 21, l«(i8; graduated, 1868; Pacific Fleet, 1868-9. 
Promoted to Eadgii, 1861); " Swatara," North Atlantic Station, 1870-1. 
Promoted to Master, 1870; Asiatic Station, 1872-5. Commissioned as 
Lleafeiiant, 1874; receiving ship " C-olorado," 1876; " Lackawanna," North 
Pacific Station, 1876-8 ; C. S. S " INIcArthur," 1877-8 ; training-ship " Min- 
nesota," 187!)-SO ; " Yantic," North v\tlantic Station, 1881-8 ; Navy Yard, 
New York, 1888-6; "Lancaster," South Atlantic Station, 1886-7;' "Alli- 
ance," South Pacific Station, 1887-8 ; " Lancaster," European Station, 
1888-9; training-ship " Richmond," 1889 to June, 1891 ; Navy Yard, New 
York, June, 1891 to May, 1898; "Concord," Asiatic Station, May, 1893, to 
date. 

Nathan Errick Niles. — Born in Pennsylvania. Entered Naval Acad- 
emy, July 28, 1864; graduated, 1868; " Nipsic," North Atlantic Fleet, 
1869-70. Promoted io Ensign, ]mu ; to Ma.^fey, 1870; "Resaca," P. F., 
1870-2 ; " Manhattan " (iron-clad), 1878 ; " Ossipee," North Atlantic Station, 
187-1-5. Commissioned as Lieutenant, 1874 ; Torpedo Station, 1875 ; 
"Marion," European Station, 1875-7 ; ordnance duty, Navy Yard, Ports- 
mouth, 1879-82 ; " Iroquois," Pacific Station, 1882-5; Hydrographic Office, 
188.5-8 ; " Atlanta," European Station, 1888 to December, 1891 ; electric 
light duty at Navy Yard, Norfolk, December 1891, to date. 

Charles Plummer Perkins. -Born in New Hampshire. Entered 
Naval Academy, July 21, 1865; graduated, 1869; "Lancaster," flag-ship, 
South Atlantic Station, 1869-71. Proriioted to Ensign, 1870; torpedo ser- 
vice, 1872. Promoted to Master, 1872 ; " Richmond," North Pacific Station, 
1872-5. Commissioned as Lieutenant, 1874 ; Naval Academy, 1875-77 ; 
Hydrographic Office, 1877; "Enterprise," 1877; "Gettysburg," European 
Station, 1878-80; "Alliance," North Atlantic Station, "1880-88 ; nautical 
school-ship "St. Mary's," 1888-6 ; commanding C. S. S. " Eagre," 1886-8 ; 
" Swatara," South Atlantic Station, 1888-90 ; leave of absence, December, 
1890, to June 1891 ; electric light duty at Bath, IMaine, June, 1891, to Sep- 
tember, 1892 ; Bureau of Ecpiipment, September, 1892, to date. 

Benjamin Horr Buckingham. — Born in Ohio, February 11, 1848. 
Entered Naval Academy, July 22,1865: graduated, June 4, 1869; "Sabine," 
special cruise, 1869-70. Promoted to Ensign, July 12, 1870; special duty, 
Darien Expedition, 1870-1; special duty preparing charts for Darien Expedi- 
tion, 1871-72. Promoted to Master, July 12, 1871; gunnery practice-ship 
"Constellation," 1872-3 ; "Alaska," European Station, 1878-5. Promoted 
to Ijieutenanf, July 23, 1874; special ordnance duty, 1875; Torpedo Sta- 
tion, 1876; special ordnance duty, 1876-7; special duty, Paris Expedi- 
tion, 1877-9; Asiatic Station "Richmond," and " Monocacy," 1879-82; 
returned to United States by way of Siberia, 1882 ; special duty. Bureau 
of Ordnance, 1882-5; Representative of Navy Department Internatioual 
Exposition at New Orleans, and President of Board of Representatives 
of Executive Departments, 1884-5 ; Naval Attache, France, Germany and 
Russia, 1885-9; Samoan Conference at Berlin, 1889; Naval Attache, Eng- 
land, 1889; "Chicago," Squadron of Evolution, 1889, to October, 1891; 
aide to the Secretary of the Navy, October, 1891, to March, 1892 ; "Dol- 
phin," special service from March, 1892, to date, and has been in command 
since February, 189.'). 

Charles Grimes Bowman. — Born in Indiana. Entered Naval 
Academy, July 29, 1865; graduated, 1869; "Richmond," European Fleet, 
1870-1. Promoted to Ensign, 1870; "Yantic," Asiatic Station, 1872-4; 



186 LIEUTENANTS. 

" Hartford," same station, 1875. Promoted to Master, 1872. Commissioned 
as Lieutenant, 1874 ; Naval Academy, 1876-9 ; "Adams," Pacific Station, 
1879-82 ; Naval Observatory, 1882-6 ; " Br)ston," special service, 1886-9 ; 
Naval Academy, 1889, to July, 1893; Assistant Inspector of the "Marble- 
head," July, 1898, to date. 

William Parker Potter. — Born in New York. Entered Naval Acad- 
emy, September 27, 1865; graduated, 1869; "Sabine," special cruise, 1870; 
European Station, 1870-1 ; " Hartford," Asiatic Station, 1871-4. Promoted 
to Ensign, 1870, and to Master, 1872; Naval Academy, 1874-7. Commis- 
sioned as Lieutenant, 1874 ; " Powhatan," North Atlantic Station, 1878 ; 
"Tennessee," North Atlantic Station, 1878-81; Naval Academy, 1881-4; 
" Lancaster," European Station, 1884-7; Naval Academy, 1887, to June, 
1891 ; " Chicago," European Station, June, 1891, to date. 

William Henry Beehler. — Born in Baltimore, Md., April 2, 1848. 
Entered Naval Academy, Julv 28, 1864 ; graduated, 1868 ; Pacific Station, 
1868-69; North Atlantic Station, 1870. Promoted to Ensign, April 19, 
1870; U. S. S. "Swatara," 1869-70; U. S. S. " Nipsic," 1870; League 
Island Naval Station, 1871 ; S. S. "Frolic," 1871-2. Promoted to Master, 
1872 ; U. S. S. "Portsmouth," 1872-3 ; U. S. R. S. "Independence," 1873 ; 
sick-leave, 1873-4 ; U. S. R. S. " New Hampshire," 1874 ; " Worcester," 
1874-5 ; sick-leave, 1875-6. Commissioned as Lieutenant, September 10, 
1874; "Brooklyn," S. A. Station, 1881-4; Oflfice Naval Intelligence, 
1884-9; "Adams," 1889-90; "Ranger," 1890-1; "Pensacola," i891 to 
April, 1892 ; Naval Observatory, July to December, 1892 ; Hydrographic 
Office, Chief of Division of Marine Intelligence, December, 1892 to date. 

Giles Bates Harber. — Born in Ohio. Entered Naval Academy, July 
24, 1865; graduated, 1869; "Sabine," special cruise, 1869. Pi'omoted to 
Ensign, 1870 ; "Franklin," European Squadron, 1870-1. Promoted to Mas- 
ter, 1872; Asiatic Station, 1872-5. Commissioned as Lieutenant, 1874; 
"Omaha," S. P. S. 1875-8 ; ordnance duty, Navy Yard, Washington, 1878- 
79; "Tennessee," N. A. Station, 1879-81; "Alarm," special service, 1881; 
commanding "Alarm," special service, 1881-2 ; special duty, Arctic regions, 
1882-4; ordnance duty, Navy Yard, Washington, 1884-5; training-ship 
"Saratoga," 1885-6 ; "Tallapoosa," S. A. Station, 1886-8; Naval Academy, 
1889, to March, 1892; commanding Coast Survey steamer "Hassler," March, 
1892, to date. 

John Garvin. — Born in Pennsylvania. Commencing May, 1864, served 
four months as a private in the 169th Regiment, O. V. I. Entered Naval 
Academy, 1865 ; graduated. 1869 ; U. S. S. " Lancaster," S. A. Station, from 
July 1, 1869, to Aug. 30, 1871; U. S. S. " Portsmouth," S. A. Station, from Aug. 

30, 1871, to Nov. 2, 1871 ; U. S. S. "Constellation," N. A. Station, Feb. and 
March, 1872, gunnery-ship for seamen gunners ; U. S. S. " Hartford," Asiatic 
Station, from October 5, 1872, to April 2, 1873 ; U. S. S. "Lackawanna," 
Asiatic Station, from April 2, 1873, to August 14, 1873, sick leave from Oc- 
tober to end of year ; IT. S. S. " Shawmut," N. A. Station, from March 13, 
1874, to Septemijer 11, 1876 ; Hydrographic Office, from June 11, 1877, to 
Mav 20, 1878 ; Coast Survey steamer " Geduey," from May 20, 1878, to July 

31, "1879; U. S. S. " Pensacola," Pacific Station, from September, 1879, to 
February 16, 1881; " Wachusett," Pacific Station, from February 16, 1881, 
to October 19,' 1882 ; Naval Observatory, from April 6, 1883, to*^ December 
31, 1885; U. S. S. " Vandalia," Pacific Station, from Februarv 10, 1886, to 
July 5, 1887; U. S. S. "Alert," Pacific Station, from July 5, 1887, to March, 
1889 ; Naval Academy, June, 1889, to September, 1891; sick leave, Septem- 



LIEUTENANTS. 187 

ber, 1891, to September, 1892; U. S. S. "Atlanta," September 1, 1892, to 
November 23, 1892; " Monocacy," Asiatic Station, January, 189.3, to Octo- 
ber, 1893. At present on sick leave. 

Sumner Cummings Paine. — Born in Portland, Maine. Entered 
Naval Academy, September 22, 1865; graduated, June, 1869. Promoted 
to Emigii, July, 1870 ; to Master, July, 1871 ; to Lieutenant, October, 1874. 
Service: " Sabine " (special cruise), July, 1869, to August, 1870; Darien 
Expedition, November, 1870, to June, 1871 ; "Wabash" and " Wachusett," 
European Station, October, 1871, to July, 1874 ; Darien Expedition, Novem- 
ber, 1874, to June, 1875 ; " Frolic " and " Brooklyn," South Atlantic Station. 
July, 1875, to May, 1876 ; Torpedo Station Tunder instruction), May to 
October, 1876; Hydrographic Office, November, 1876, to March, 1877; 
"Saratoga," March, 1877, to March, 1878 ; Naval Academy, May, 1878, to 
December, 1880; "New Hampshire," June, 1881, to May, 1882; " Van- 
dalia," North Atlantic Station, May, 1882, to November, 1884; "Dolphin." 
November, 1884, to May, 1885 ; commanding C. S. S. " Ready," May, 1885, 
to December, 1885 ; Naval Observatory, December, 1885, to May, 1888 ; 
commanding C. S. S. ''Eagre," May, 1888, to March, 1889; duty con- 
nected with "Vesuvius," March and April, 1889; "Iroquois," Pacific 
Station, May, 1889, to May, 1892 ; Naval Academy, June, 1892, to date. 

Arthur Patterson Osborn. — Born in Ohio. Entered Naval Academy, 
July 31, 1865 ; graduated, 1869 ; " Lancaster," flag-ship, S. Atlantic Station, 
1869-71. Promoted to Ensign, 1870; to Master, 1872; " Shawmut," N. 
Atlantic Station, 1873-6. Commissioned as Lieutenant, 1874; Naval Acad- 
emy, 1877 ; nautical school-ship " St. Mary's," 1877-81 ; " Quinnebaug," 
European Station, 1881-4 ; R. S. " New Hampshire," 1885-6 ; school-ship 
" St. Mary's," 1886-9 ; " Thetis," N. A. Station, 1889 to December, 1892; 
special duty, December, 1892, to January, 1893; school-ship "Enterprise," 
January, 1893, to date. 

John Bradford Briggs. — Born in Massachusetts. Entered Naval 
Academy, September 30, 1865 ; graduated, 1869 ; " Sabine," special cruise, 
1869-70. Promoted to Ensign, 1870; torpedo instruction, 1871 ; "Shaw- 
mut," N. Atlantic Station, 1871-2. Promoted to Master, 1872 ; " Kansas," 
N. Atlantic Station, 1873-4. Commissioned as Lieutenant, 1874; Naval 
Academy, 1875-8 ; " Lackawanna," Pacific Station, 1878-81 ; Naval Acad- 
emy, 1881-4; "Quinnebaug," European Station, 1884—6; Naval Academy, 
1887-90; Bureau of Equipment, December, 1890, to February, 1891; 
" Vesuvius," N. A. Station, February, 1891, to date. 

Newton Eliphalet Mason. — Born in Pennsylvania. Entered Naval 
Academy, July 24, 1865 ; graduated, 1869; "Sabine," special cruise, 1869- 
70. Promoted to Ensign, 1870; torpedo instruction, 1871; "Wabash," 
European Squadron, 1871-2. Promoted to Master, 1872 ; " Manhattan " 
(iron-clad), N. A. Station, 1873 ; " Kansas," same station, 1874-5. Com- 
missioned as Lieutenant, 1874 ; " Catskill " (iron-clad), N. A. Station, 1875- 
76 ; " Ossipee," same station, 1876-7; R. S. " St. Louis," 1878-80 ; " Monoc- 
acy," Asiatic Station, 1880-83 ;~t{C'Pensax;ohr;^ Asiatic Station, 1883-4; 
ordnance duty. Navy Yard, Washington, 1884-5 ; Bureau of Ordnance, 
1885-9; "Petrel," N. A. Station, 1889 to October, 1891 ; " Miantonomah," 
N. A. Station, October, 1891, to November, 1892 ; Bureau of Ordnance, 
November, 1892, to June, 1893 ; Inspector of Ordnance, in charge of Naval 
Ordnance Proving Grounds, June, 1893, to date. 

Arthur Phillips Nazro. — Born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, December 3, 
1850. Appointed to the Naval Academy by Hon. Oakes Ames, from 



188 LIEUTENANTS. 

Second Congressional District of Massachusetts, in 1865; was graduated in 
1869 ; cruised in the Mediterranean aboard the " Sabine " and " Franklin." 
Promoted to Ensign, July 12, 1870; and Master, October 14, 1871 ; joined 
the " Portsmouth " and went to vSouth Atlantic Station, where he was trans- 
ferred to the " Lancaster," and then to the "Ticonderoga ; " proceeded in the 
latter to Key West at the time of the " Virginias " atFair ; transferred to the 
" Colorado," and then to the " Congress," in which cruised in the Mediterra- 
nean until 1875, when returned to the United States; was examined for 
Lieutenant, to which grade he was promoted in November 19, 1874; joined 
the " Hartford " on the North Atlantic Station ; was transferred to the 
" Plymouth," and from that vessel was ordered to the Naval Academy ; in 
1879 joined the " Constitution," going from her to the " Minnesota," and 
from that vessel to Washington as Recorder of the Board of Inspection ; 
joined the torpedo class of 1884 at Newport, and from there went to ordnance 
duty at the Washington Navy Yard ; from January, 1885, to September, 
1888, served on the North Atlantic Station aboard the " Powhatan," " Ten- 
nessee," and •' Richmond ; " was again ordered to duty aboard the " Min- 
nesota," from which was ordered as member of Board of Inspection of 
merchant vessels, and also placed in charge of the Branch Hydrographic 
Office, New York ; placed on waiting orders June, 1891, to July, 1892 ; 
" Chicago," N. A. Station July, 1892, to date. 

William Wirt Kimball. — Born m Maine. Entered Naval Academy, 
July 31, 1865; graduated, 1869; " Sabine," special cruise, 1869-70. Pro- 
moted to Ensign, 1869; torpedo instruction, 1870-1; "Shawnee," North 
Atlantic Fleet, 1871-2. Promoted to Master, 1872 ; experimental battery, 
1873; " Intrepid" (torpedo-boat), 1874; experimental battery, 1875. Com- 
missioned as Lieutenant, 1875; "Alert," Asiatic Station, 1875-9; special 
duty, 1879-82; "Tennessee," N. A. Station, 1882-6; Bureau of Ordnance, 
1886-90 ; on furlough, March, 1890, to May, 1891 ; "San Francisco," S. A. 
Station, May, 1891, to date. 

Charles Frederick Norton.— Born in Wisconsin. Entered Naval 
Academy, July 27, 1863; graduated, 1869; Pacific Fleet, 1869-72. Pro- 
moted to Ensign, 1869 ; to Master, 1872 ; "Ajax " (iron-clad), North Atlantic 
Station, 1873-4; "Worcester," flag-ship, North Atlantic Station, 1875. 
Commissioned as Lieutenant, 1875 ; "Alert," Asiatic Station, 1875-9 ; 
"Nipsic," special duty, 1879-83; training-ship "Minnesota," 1883-6; 
" Tallapoosa," S. A Station, 1886-8 ; " Kearsarge," special service, 1888-9 ; 
Navy Yard, New York, 1889-93 ; "Adams," Pacific Station, May, 1893, to 
date. 

William Plummer Day. — Born in New York. Entered Naval Acad- 
emy, July 21, 1865; graduated, 1869; "Juniata," European Station, 
1869-71. * Promoted to Ensign, 1869; "Wyoming" (third-rate), 1872. 
Promoted to Master, 1872; " Dictator " (iron-clad). North Atlantic Fleet, 
1873-4; " Despatch." special service, 1875-7. Commissioned as Lieutenant, 
1875 ; " Hartford," S. A. Station, 1877-9 ; "Quinnebaug," European Station, 
1881-4; "Alliance," S. A. Station, 1886-7; "Lancaster," S. A. Station, 
1887-8 ; "Alliance," S. A. Station, 1888-9 ; waiting orders, December, 1890, 
to December, 1891; R. S. " Franklin," December, 1891, to March, 1893 ; 
" Machias," N. A. Station, March, 1893. to date. 

John Clark Wilson. — Entered Naval Academy, 1865; graduated 17 
in a class of 74, 1869; first cruise on "Sabine" to Europe; transferred to 
"Franklin," European Station, serving two and a half years in all. Pro- 
moted to Ensign, July, 1870 ; served three years on Asiatic Station in '" Iro- 



LIEUTENANTS. 189 

quois," " Monocacy," " Saco " and "Ashuelot." Promoted to Master, 1871, 
and to Liexdenant, 1875 ; served three years on each of the following : 
" Omaha," on South Pacific Station ; " Tennessee," North Atlantic Station ; 
" Vandalia," Pacific Station ; volunteered for a second cruise in " Vandalia," 
when that ship was ordered to Samoa; was wrecked on "Vandalia" in har- 
bor of Apia ]March 15-16, 1889; was sent by Commander-in-Chief to 
Auckland to telegraph news of disaster and charter steamer to bring home 
survivors ; chartered steamer in Sydney, provisioned and supplied her, and 
returned to Samoa and brought 480 men and 22 officers (survivors of wreck) 
to San Francisco ; made a portion of a cruise in U. S. S. "Atlanta," North 
xltlautic Station ; at present attached to training-ship " Monongahela." Shore 
duty : Ordnance, Navy Yard, Washington ; Naval Observatory ; Board of 
Inspection, San Francisco ; Navy Yard, New York. 

Uriah Rose Harris. — Born in Indiana. Entered Naval Academy, 
July 22, 1865; graduated, 1869; " Sabine," special cruise, 1869-70. Pro- 
moted to Ensign, 1869 ; Pacific Fleet, 1870-2. Promoted to Master, 1872 ; 
" Narraganset," Pacific Fleet, 1873-5. Commissioned as Lieutenant, 1875 ; 
Coast Survey, 1875-6; Navy Yard, Mare Island, 1876-7; Coast Survey, 
1877-9; " Shenandoah," S. A. Station, 1879-S2 ; Naval Observatory, 1882 
-84 ; Navy Yard, Mare Island, 1884-7 ; " Ranger," North Pacific Station, 
1887-90; Naval Academy, November, 1890, to date. 

Richard Graham Davenport. — Born in Washingtim, D. C, January 
11, 1849. Appointed to U. S. Naval Academy, Newport, R. I., September 
29, 1864; graduated, June, 1869; joined U. S. S. "Sabine," Boston, Mass., 
June 30, 1869; U. S. S. "Richmond," European Squadron, Lisbon, Portu- 
gal, September, 1869, to November, 1871. Promoted to Ensign, July 12, 
1870 ; waiting orders, November, 1871, to January, 1872. Promoted to 
Master, January 20, 1872; U. S. S " Iroquois," Asiatic Station, March to 
September, 1872 ; U. S. S. "Saco," Asiatic Station, September 21, 1872; U. 
S. flag-ship "Hartford," Asiatic Station, June, 1874, to March, 1875. Pro- 
moted to Lieutenant, March 17, 1875 ; torpedo station, Newport, R. I., June 
to October, 1875 ; duty as Aide to Rear- Admiral Thornton A. Jenkins, U. S. 
N., representing the Navy Department at the Centennial, Philadelphia, 
Pa., October, 1875, to September, 1876 ; U. S. S. " Essex," North Atlantic 
Squadron, October, 1876, to July, 1877 ; Aide to Commander-in-Chief and 
Fleet Signal-Officer on the Staflf of Rear- Admiral T. H. Patterson, command- 
ing Asiatic Station, October, 1877, to July, 1880 ; ordnance duty at Navy 
Yard, Washington, March, 1880, to May, 1881; torpedo station, Newport, 
R. I., June to September, 1881 ; ordnance duty, Navy Yard, Washington, 
D. C, October, 1881, to January, 1882 , U. S. S. " Jamestown," February, 
1882, to November, 1884; Hydrographic Office, Navy Department, Wash- 
ington, D. C, November, 1884, to August, 1887; War College, Newport, 
R. I., September, 1887, to November 1, 1887; U. S. S. " Nipsic," Pacific 
Station, November, 1887, to July, 1890; Hydrographic Office, Navy Depart- 
ment, November, 1890, to April, 1892 ; jNIember of the Board of Civil Ser- 
vice Examiners for Nautical Experts, June to October, 1892; Hydrographic 
Office, October, 1892, to July, 1893; Bath Iron Works, Bath, Maine, July 
20,1893; detached from Bath Iron Works, Bath, Maine, and ordered to 
Navy Yard, Portsmouth, N. H., October 30, 1893 ; Navy Yard, Portsmouth, 
N. H., as Executive-Officer of the U. S. S. " Castine," from October, 1893, to 
date. 

Edward Battevant Barry. — Born in New York City. Entered Naval 
Academy, July 21, 1865 ; three practice cruises, "Macedonian " and " Savan- 



190 ^ LIEUTENANTS. 

nah ;" graduated, 1869; "Sabiue," special cruise, 1869-70. Promoted to 
Ensign, 1870 ; signal, "1870-1 ; " Worcester," special cruise with provisions 
for France, 1871 ; " Wabash," flag-ship, European Station, 1871-2 ; " Brook- 
lyn," European Station, 1872-3. • Promoted to Master, 1872 ; " Wachus^t," 
European and North Atlantic Stations, 1873-4 ; receiving-ship " Vermont," 
1874-5; "Roanoke," flag-ship of Vice- Admiral Rowan, 1875; transferred to 
"Minnesota," and member of board to organize training-system, 1875-6. 
Commissioned as Lieutenant, 1875 ; store-ship " New Hampshire," 1876-8 ; 
"Alaska," Pacific Station, 1878-80 ; witnessed the Chilian torpedo-boat 
attack on the Peruvian man-of-war " Union," at Callao, and two of the 
bombardments of that place, also the blowing up of the Chilian steamer 
" Loa ;" " Richmond," Admiral's Secretary, Asiatic Station, 1880-1 ; " Monoc- 
acy," Asiatic Station, 1881-2 ; " Richmond," Asiatic Station, 1882-3 ; 
Naval Academy, 1883-6; summer practice cruises, "Constellation," 1884—5; 
"Alliance," South Atlantic Station, 1886-7; "Lancaster," flag-ship South 
Atlantic Station, 1887-8 ; "Alliance," South Atlantic Station, 1888-9; 
Bureau of Navigation, 1889, to March, 1891; "Marion," Asiatic Station, 
March, 1891, to date. 

Charles Wister Ruschenberger. — Born in Pennsylvania. Entered 
Naval Academy, July 23, 1864; graduated, 1869; "Juniata," 1869; 
European Station, 1870-1. Promoted to Ensign, 1870 ; " Iroquois," Asiatic 
Station, 1872-4. Promoted to 3Iaste7\ 1872; R. S. "Potomac," 1875-6. 
Commissioned as Lieidenant, 1875 ; " Gettysburg," special service, JNIediter- 
ranean, 1876-7; "Marion," European Station, 1877-9; R. S. " St. Louis," 
1880-2; Torpedo School, 1882; "Iroquois," Pacific Station, 1882-3; Navy 
Yard, League Island, July to October, 1883; " Yantic," North Atlantic 
Station, 1883-4 ; training-ship " Jamestown," 1884-6; U. S. S. "Saratoga," 
May to December, 1886; R. S. "St. Louis," 1886-8 ; Navy Yard, League 
Island, 1888-9; "Kearsarge," North Atlantic Station, 1889-92; Midvale 
Steel Works, as Inspector of Ordnance Steel, July, 1892, to date. 

Charles Augustus Bradbury. — Born in Vermont. Entered Naval 
Academy, July 27. 1865 ; graduated. 1869 ; " Sabine." 1869-70. Promoted 
to Ensign, 1870 ; signal duty, 1871 ; '" Worcester," North Atlantic Station, 
1871-2. Promoted to Master, 1872 ; Coast Survey, 1873-6. Commissioned 
as Lieutenant, 1875 ; " Despatch,'' special service in Europe, 1877-9 ; 
" Constellation" (training-ship), 1879-81 ; school-ship "St. Mary's." 1881-4 ; 
Bureau of Ordnance, 1884-9 ; ' Yorktown " Squadron of Evolution, 
1889-91 ; Bureau of Ordnance, October, 1891, to April, 1893; sick leave, 
April, 1893, to date. 

Herbert Winslow. — Born in Massachusetts. Entered Naval Academy, 
July 21, 1865; graduated, 1869; "Sabine," 1869-70. ' Promoted to Ensign, 
1870; "Richmond," European fleet, 1870-1. Promoted to Master, 1872; 
" Narraganset," N. Pacific, 1873-4; " Benicia," 1875; "Lackawanna," 
Pacific Fleet, 1875-6. Commissioned as Lieutenant, 1876 ; Hydrographic 

Office, 1876-7; "Portsmouth," training-ship, 1877-8 ; " Marion," , 

1878-9; "Powhatan," North Atlantic Station, 1879-80; Navy Yard, 
Portsmouth, 1880-2; training-ship "Portsmouth," 1882-5; ordnance duty, 
Navy Yard, Washington, 1885-9; "Adams," 1889-90; training-ship, 
"Portsmouth," October, 1890, to September, 1892; ordnance duty, Navy 
Yard, Washington, September, 1892, to date. 

\Villiam Henry Turner. — Born in Ohio. Entered Naval Academy, 
July 22, 1865 ; graduated, 1869 ; " Sabine," 1869-70. Promoted to Ensign, 
1870 ; " Tennessee," special service, 1870-1 ; " Wachusett," European 



LIEUTENANTS. 191 

Squadron, 1871-2. Promoted to blaster, 1872; " Saco," Asiatic Station, 
1872-4; " Omaha," S. P. Fleet, 1875-(5. Commissioned as Lieutenant, 1876 ; 
Signal Office, 1877-8; " Vaudalia," North Atlantic Station, 1879-82; 
Naval Academy, 1882-5 ; training-ship" Portsmouth," 1885-8 ; Navy Yard, 
NeAV York, 1889-92 ; " Newark," S. A. Station, June, 1892, to date. 

George Partridge Colvocoresses. — Born in Vermont, 1847. 
Served nearly two years as captain's clerk on board U. S. ships " Supply " 
and "Saratoga" during the civil war. Entered the Naval Academy, Sep- 
tember 2, 1^64; graduated, 1869; "Lancaster," flag-ship. South Atlantic 
Station, 1869-71. Commissioned Ensign, 1870. Commissioned Master, 
1872 ; " Hartford," flag-ship, Asiatic Station, '^ Lackawanna," and '• Ashue- 
lot," 1872-5. Commissioned Lievtenant, 1875 ; Hydrographic Office, 
1875-6 ; U. S. ships " Gettysburg " and " Enterprise," European Station, 
1876-9 ; Hydrographic Office, 1879-82 ; U. S. S. " Hartford," Pacific 
Station, 1882-4 ; U. S. training-ship " Saratoga," 1884-6 ; U. S. Naval 
Academy, 1886-9 ; " Enterprise," N. A. Station, July, 1890, to November, 
1891; "Concord," S. A. Station, November, 1891, to June, 1893; Naval 
Academy, June, 1893, to date. 

Charles Elwood Colahan. — Born in Pennsylvania. Entered Naval 
Academy, July 21, 1865; graduated, June 4, 1869; "Juniata" and 
" Franklin," European Station, 1869-71. Promoted to Ensign, July 12, 
1870; "Portsmouth," "Lancaster," "Wasp" and " Ticonderoga," Brazil 
Station, 1872-5. Promoted to Master, August 13, 1872, and to Liexdenant, 
July 20, 1875 ; receiving-ship " Potomac," 1875-6 ; training-ship " Consti- 
tution," 1877 ; "Tennessee" and "Monocacy," Asiatic Station, 1877-80; 
Navy Yard, League Island, Pa., 1880-2 ; " Tallapoosa" and " Tennessee," 
N. A. Station, 1883-6 ; Naval Academy, 1886-9 ; " Constellation," 1887 ; 
Board of Organization, 1889-90 ; " Bennington," N. A. Station, July, 1890, 
to August, 1893 ; Naval Academy, 1893, to date. 

"Wainwright Kellogg. — Born in Pennsylvania. Entered Naval 
Academy, September 29, 1865 ; graduated, 1869 ; " Sabine," 1869-70. 
Promoted to Ensign, 1870 ; " Richmond," European Station, 1870-1 ; " Lan- 
caster," flag-ship, S. Atlantic Station, 1872-4. Promoted to Master, 1872; 
" Wasp," 8. Atlantic Station, 1874-6. Commissioned as Lieutenant, 1876; 
" Essex," S. Atlantic Station, 1876-7 ; " Monongahela," Asiatic Station, 
1877-9; "Michigan," N. W. Lakes, 1879-81; "Essex," Pacific Station, 
1881-5 ; special duty. Navy Department, 1885-6 ; " Boston," N. A. Station, 
1886, to September, 1890; Electric Light duty, Philadelphia, September, 
1890, to August, 1893 ; New York, S. A. Station, August, 1893, to date. 

Albert Gleaves Berry. — Born in Tennessee. Entered Naval Academy, 
July 28, 1865; graduated, 1869; " Sabine," 1869-70. Promoted to Ensign, 
1870; "Franklin," flag-ship, European Station, 1870-1; "Lancaster," 
flag-ship, S. Atlantic Station, 1872-4. Promoted to Master, 1872; " Wasp," 
S. Atlantic Station, 1874-6. Commissioned as Lieutenant, 1876; training- 
ship " Monongahela," 1876-9 ; " Despatch," (despatch-boat), 1881 ; ord- 
nance duty, Navy Yard, Washington, 1881-2; Signal Office, 1882-8; 
" Trenton," Asiatic Station, 1883 ; " Palos," Asiatic Station, 1883-5 ; " Tren- 
ton," Asiatic Station, 1885-6 ; ordnance duty, Navy Yard, Washington, 
1886-9 ; San Francisco, unassigned, December 1, 1890, to July, 1893 ; leave 
of absence, July, 1893, to date. 

John Alexander Norris. — Born in Pennsylvania. Entered Naval Acad- 
emy, September 28, 1865; graduated, 1869 ; "Sabine," 1869-70; signal duty, 
1870-1. Promoted to Ensign, 1870 ; "Worcester," North Atlantic Fleet, 



192 LIEUTENANTS. 

1871-2. Promoted to Ma,'<ter, 1872 ; Torpedo Station, 1873 ; " Mayflower," 
North Atlantic Station, 1874 ; Hydrograpliic Office, 1874-5 ; " Gettysburg," 
special service, ] 875-6. Commissioned as lAeutemad, 187(} ; Hydrograpliic 
(Jfficc, 187t)-7 ; " Guard," store-ship, 1877-8 ; Hydrogra})hic Office, 1878-H ; 
Bureau of Navigation, 1879-81 ; " Palos," Asiatic Station, 1881-2 ; Bureau 
of Navigation, 1882-5 ; " Iroquois," Pacific Station, 1885-8; special longi- 
tude duty, 1888, to April, 1891 ; "Lancaster," Asiatic Station, April, 1891, 
to date. 

\Af^illiam Hale Driggs. — Born in Michigan. Entered Naval Academy, 
July 21, 1865; graduated, 1869; "Sabine," 1869. Promoted to Ensign, 
1870; "Frauklin," 1870-2. Promoted to Masfer, 1872; Atlantic Fleet, 
1873; " Worcester," flag-ship. North Atlantic Station, 1874-5 ; " Hartford," 
1875-6. Commissioned as .Lieutenant, ISli); R. S. "Colorado," 1876-7; 
Coast Survey, 1877-8; R. S. "New Hampshire," 1879-80; " Pensacola," 
Paciflc Station, 1880-3 ; special duty, Navy Department, 1883-6; office of 
Naval Intelligence, 1886-7; training-ship, "Saratoga," 1887-8; waiting 
orders, June, 1888, to date. 

Nathaniel Jordan Knight Patch. — Born in Maine. Entered Naval 
Academy, September 20, 1865; graduated, 1869; "Sabine," 1869-70. Pro- 
moted to Ensi(jn, 1870; signal duty, 1870-1 ; "Worcester," North Atlantic 
Fleet, 1871-2. Promoted to Master, 1872; "Richmond," North Pacific 
Fleet, 1873-7. Commissioned as Lieuienant, 1876 ; R. S. " Wabash," 1877-8 ; 
" Richmond," Asiatic Station, 1878-81 ; Navy Yard, Boston, 1881-3 ; " Pow- 
hatan," special duty, 1883-4; " Keai-sarge," European Station, 1884-6; 
Navy Yard, Boston,"l 887-90 ; " Charleston," Paciflc Station, February, 1890, 
to June, 1893; leave of absence, June, 1893, to September, 1893; in charge 
of Branch Hydrographic Office, Boston, September, 1893, to date. 

Thomas Stowell Phelps, Jr. — Born in Virginia. Entered Naval 
Academy, July 25, 1865; graduated, 1869; "Juniata," European Station, 
1869-70. Promoted to J£'«.5'?'7>i, 1870; European Station, 1870-1. Promoted 
to Master, 1872; sick-leave, 1873 ; "Richmond," North Pacific Fleet, 1874; 
" Pensacola," Pacific Fleet. 1876-9. Commissioned as Lieutenant, 1876 ; Navy 
Yard, Mare Island, 1881-2 ; on furlough, 1883 ; " Brooklyn," South Atlan- 
tic Station, 1883-5; "Hartford," Pacific Station, 1885-6; " Palos," Asiatic 
Station, 1887 to August, 1891 ; receiving-ship " Independence," August, 
1891, to date. 

Karl Rohrer. — Born in Germany. Appointed from JNIissouri. Entered 
Naval Academy, July, 18<)5; graduated, June, 1869; frigate "Sabine," 
1869-70, jVIediterranean and South America. Promoted to Ensign, IS70 ; 
"Pawnee," West Indies, 1871-2. Promoted to Master, 1872; "Constella- 
tion," West Indies, 1873; Torpedo Station, 1873; "Colorado," West Indies, 
1873-4; "Juniata," INIediterranean, 1874-6. Connnissioned as Lieutenant. 
1876; Torpedo Station, 1876; Washington Navy Yard, 1876-81; "Consti- 
tution," 1878; "Essex," Pacific Station, 1881-5; Torpedo Station, 1885-9; 
" Chicago," Squadron of Evolution, 1888-90; "Vesuvius," N. A. Station. 
September, 1890, to September, 1892; Inspector of Steel, Bethlehem Iron 
Works, April, 1892, to date. 

John Augustine Heard Nickels. — Born in Massachusetts. Entered 
Naval Acailemy, October 8, 1864; graduated, 1869; "Sabine," special 
cruise, 1869-70. Promotetl to Ensign, 1870; "Richmond," European 
Squadron, 1869-71 ; Asiatic Station, 1872-5. Promoted to Master, 1872 ; 
Navy Yard, Boston, 1875 ; " Montauk " (iron-clad). North Atlantic Station, 
1875-6. Commissioned as Lieutenant, 1876 ; " Adams," South Atlantic Sta- 



LIEUTENANTS. 193 

tion, 1876-9; Navy Yard, Boston, 1879-80; Coast Survey, 1880-1; Navy 
Yard, Norfolk, 1881-82 ; " Hartford," Pacific Station, 1882-5 ; Navy Yard, 
New York, 1885-6; "Chicago," Squadron of Evolution, 1889, to August, 
1891; Navy Yard, New York, August, 1891, to date. 

Clinton Kidd Curtis. — Born in West Virginia. Entered Naval Acad- 
emy, September 27, 1865 ; graduated, June, 1869 ; "Sabine," special cruise, 
1869-70. Promoted to Ensign, 1870; "Pawnee" and "Dictator," 1871; 
" Powbatan," 1872. Promoted to Master, November, 1872 ; " Supply," 1873 ; 
"Powhatan," 1874-6, during which time commanded temporarily, the 
monitors " Montauk," " Catskill," and " Nantucket," in transferring 
these vessels to various stations along the coast. Promoted to Lieutenant, 
June, 1876; R. S. "Worcester," 1876-7; " Essex," South Atlantic Station, 
1877-9; "New Hampshire," 1880-1; R. S. "Franklin," 1881-3; "Alert," 
China Station, 1883-6 ; R. S. " St. Louis " and " Franklin," 1887-90 ; " Es- 
sex," S. A. Station, April, 1890, to July, 1893 ; Navy Yard, Norfolk, July, 
1893, to date. 

Theodoric Porter. — Born in District of Columbia. Entered Naval 
Academy, July 25,1865; graduated, 1869; "Brooklyn," European Fleet, 
1869-72. Promoted to Ensign, 1870; to Master, 1872; special duty, Wash- 
ington, 1873-4 ; torpedo instruction, 1874 ; special duty, Washington, 1875 ; 
torpedo-boat "Alarm," 1875-6. Commissioned as Lieutenant, 1876 ; " Swa- 
tara," North Atlantic Fleet, 1876-9; Naval Academy, 1877-9 ; " Powhatan," 
N. A. Station, 1879-83 ; Naval Academy, 1883-7 ; " Trenton," 1887-8 ; special 
duty, 1889, to June, 1891 ; "Alliance," Pacific Station, June, 1891, to date. 

Daniel Delehanty Vincent Stuart. — Born in New York. Entered 
Naval Academy, September 23, 1865; graduated, 1869; "Sabine," special 
cruise, 1869-70. Promoted to Ensign, 1870 ; " California " (second-rate), 
Pacific Fleet, 1870-2. Promoted to 3Iaster, 1872 ; " Pinta," N. A. Squad- 
ron, 1873 ; " Roanoke " (iron-clad), N. A. Station, 1874 ; " Ashuelot," 
Asiatic Station, 1874-8. Commissioned as Lieutenant, 1876 ; R. S. " Colo- 
rado," 1877-80 ; " Galena," European Station, 1880-3 ; Navy Yard, New 
York, 1883-5 ; Coast Survey, 1885-7; " Enterprise," European Station, 
1887-8 ; " Pensacola," special service, 1888-9 ; training-ship " Portsmouth," 
1889-90 ; Naval Academy, November, 1890, to November, 1893 ; waiting 
orders, November, 1893, to date. 

William Couenhover Strong — Born in New York. Entered Naval 
Academy, Sept, 22, 1864 ; graduated, 1868 ; " Benicia," Asiatic Fleet, 1869-72. 
Promoted to Ensign, 1869; to Master, 1870; South Atlantic Station, 1873; 
" Monongahela," South Atlantic Station, 1^74-6. Commissioned as Lieu- 
tenant, 1874; Torpedo duty, summer of 1877; R. S. "Independence," 
1877-8 ; "Wyoming," European Station, 1878-81 ; Signal Oflice, Washing- 
ton, 1881-2;' Wachusett," Pacific Station, 1^82-3; "Marion," Asiatic 
Station, 1885; "Trenton," Asiatic Station, 1885-6; " Swatara," S. A. 
Station, 1888-9; "Ranger," Pacific Station, March, 1892, to date. 

John Henry Moore.— Born in New York. Entered Naval Academy, 
July 31, 1865 ; graduated. 1869 ; " Sabine," special cruise 1869-70. Promoted 
to Ensign, 1870; "Franklin," flag-ship, European Fleet, 1870-1; Asiatic 
Station, 1872-7. Promoted to Master, 1872. Commissioned as Lieutenant, 
1876; Signal Office, AVashington, 1877-9; training-ship "Constitution," 
1879-81 ; Hydrographic Office, 1881-5 ; " Marion," Asiatic Station, 1885-6 ; 
" Omaha," Asiatic Station, 188(5-8 ; Navy Yard, Norfolk, 1888-90; granted 
furlough, March, 1890, to March, 1891 ; waiting orders, March, 1891, to 
March, 1892; "Thetis," special service, March, 1892, to date. 

13 



194 LIEUTENANTS. 

Kossuth Niles. — Born in Illinois. Mustered into the military service 
of the United States in the 142d Regiment, Illinois Volunteers, June, 1864; 
mustered out, October, 1864 ; entered Naval Academy, September 23, 1865 ; 
graduated, 1869 ; " Sabine," special service, 18()9-70. Promoted to Ensign, 
1870 ; North Atlantic Fleet, " Pawnee," 187U-1 ; monitor " Terror," 1871-2 ; 
Naval Station, Mound City, Illinois, 1872 ; Nicaragua Canal Surveying 
Expedition, 1872-3. Promoted to Master, 1873; Torpedo Station, 1873; 
North Atlantic Station, "Frolic," 1874; Coast Survey, commanding 
schooner '' Silliman," 1874-6 ; steamer - Barataria," 1876-7. Commissioned 
as Lieute)iant, 1876; "Michigan," 1877-8; "Constellation" (American 
exhibit to Paris Exposition), 1878; North Atlantic Squadron " Swatara," 
1878; " Ticonderoga " (flagship), special cruise around the world, 1878-81 ; 
ordnance duty, Navy Yard, Washington, 1881-4; "Powhatan," 1884; 
"Lancaster" (flag-ship), European Station, 1884-5; and of the South 
Atlantic Station, 1885-7 ; '• Trenton," 1887 ; ordnance duty. Navy Yard, 
Washington, 1887-8 ; Inspector of Ordnance, Midvale Steel ^^'ol■ks, Pa., 
1888 ; Bureau of Ordnance, 1887, to July, 1893 ; " Detroit," S. A. Station, 
July, 1893, to date. 

Charles Ansyl Clarke. — Appointed from Iowa. Entered Naval Acad- 
emy, July, 1864; Ensign, July, 1870; Master, March, 1873; Lieutenant, 
July, 1877; "Sabine," 1869-70; "Colorado," Asiatic Fleet, 1871-4; "Mich- 
igan," 1875-6 ; R. S. " Franklin," 1876-7; " Portsmouth," training-ship, 
1877-8 ; "Adams," Pacific Station, 1880-3 ; " Nipsic," S. A. Station, 1883-6 ; 
R. S. " Independence," 1887-9 ; " Iroquois," Pacific Station, 1889-92 ; R. S. 
" Independence," October, 1892, to date, 

John Huntington Crane Coffin. — Son of Officer. Naval Academy, 
July, 1865 ; Ensign, July, 1870 ; Master, Mar., 1873 ; Lieutenant, Aug., 1877 ; 
" Sabine," 1869-70 ; " Wachusett," European Station, 1871-4 ; Darien Sur- 
vey, 1874-6; "Monocacy," Asiatic Station, 1876-9; Navy Yard, Washing- 
ton, 1879-81; Torpedo Station, 1881 ; Navy Yard, Washington, 1881-2; 
;' Lackawanna," Pacific Station, 1882-5; R. S. "Franklin," 1885-7; 
inspector of steel, new cruisers, 1887-8; "Richmond," S. A. Station, 
1888-90; waiting orders, October, 1890, to November, 1891; Navy Yard, 
Mare Island, Cal., Nov., 1891, to April, 1893 ; '• Boston," Pacific Station, 
April, 1893, to Nov., 1893; Navy Yard, Mare Island, Nov., 1893, to date. 

Dennis Hart Mahan.— Son of Officer. Naval Academy, July, 1865 ; 
Ensign, July. 1870 ; Master, February, 1873 ; Lieutenant, September, 1877; 
"Sabine," 1869-70; " Tennessee," on special service. San Domingo Expedi- 
tion, 1871; "Wachusett," "Shenandoah," and "Congress," on European 
Squadron, 1871-4 ; " Plymouth," N. A. Squadron, '1874-5 ; " Supply," 
special duty, 1876; again in 1877; training-ship "Minnesota," 1877-8; R. 
S. "Independence," 1879-80; "Alert," "Ashuelot," and "Richmond," 
Asiatic Squadron, 1880-3; "Pensacola," special service, 1883-4; training- 
ship "Minnesota," 1885; Naval Academy, 1886-8; War College, 1888; 
Coast Survey, 1888-90 ; "Alert," special service, October, 1890, to December, 
1893 ; Hydrographic Office, December, 1893, to date. 

William Franklin Low. — Appointed from New Hampshire. Naval 
Academy, July, 1865 ; Ensign, July, 1870 ; Master, April, 1873 ; Lieutenant, 
Nov., 1877; "Sabine," 1869-70; "California," Pacific Station, 1870-3; 
" Kansas," N. A. Station, 1873-6 ; Coast Survey, 1876-7; " Vandalia," 
1877-9; R. S. "Colorado," 1879-81; "Minnesota," training-ship, 1881; 
" Despatch " (despatch-boat), 1881-3 ; " Powhatan," N. A. Station, 1884-6 ; 
training-ship " Saratoga," 1886-7; Naval Academy, 1887-91; Coast Survey 



LIEUTENANTS. 195 

Office, July, 1891, to January, 1892 ; commanding Coast Survey schooner 
" Eagre," January, 1892, to date. 

Richard Mitchell. — Appointed from Massachusetts. N. A., July, 1864 ; 
Ensif/ii,, July, 1870; Master, April, 1873 ; Lieutenant, December, 1877; "Sa- 
bine,'" 1809-70; " Ticonderoga," S. A. Station, 1871-4; "Plymouth," N. A. 
Station, 1874-6 ; Coast Survey, 1876-9 ; " Rio Bravo," special service, 1879- 
81; "Wyoming,' N. A. Station, 1881-2; " Juniata," Asiatic Station, 1882-5; 
Naval Academy, 1885-9; " Mohican," Pacific Station, 1889-90; sick leave, 
Oct., 1890, to Sept., 1891 ; " Yantic," S. A. Station, Sept., 1891, to date. 

William Maxwell Wood. — Appointed from Indiana. N. A., July, 
18(I.^»; Eii.kiijn, July, 1871 ; Master, August, 1874; lAeutenttni, Dec, 1877; 
" Brooklyn," Euroj)ean Station, 1871-4; (Joast Survey, 1875-7 ; "Saratoga," 
training-ship, 1877-81; commanding "Lookout," special service, 1881-2; 
commanding " Fishhawk," special service, 1882-4; Navy Yard, Washington, 
1884-5; "Juniata," Pacific Squadron, 1885-9; "Alliance," 1890; granted 
furlough, October, 1890, to June, 1893; " Philadelphia," Pacific Station, 
June, 1893, to date. 

Nelson Townsend Houston. — Born in New York. Entered Naval 
Academy, July 28, 1865; graduated, 1869; "Sabine," 1869-70. Promoted 
to Ensign, 1870; signal duty, Washington, 1870-1 ; Asiatic Fleet, 1871-4. 
Promoted to 3Iaster, '[H72; R. S. " Independence," 1874-6. Commissioned 
as Lieutenant, 1876; "Lackawanna," Pacific Station, 1878-81; Naval 
Academy, 1881-4; " Quinnebaug," European Station, 1884-7; Hydro- 
graphic Office, 1887-8; waiting orders, October, 1890, to February, 1891 ; 
"Petrel," Asiatic Station, February, 1891, to date. 

Clayton Scott Richman.— Appointed from Iowa. N. A , July, 1865 ; 
Ensif/n, July, 1870; Master, August, 1873; Lieutenant, February, 1878; 
Pacific Fleet, 1871-4; " Canandaigua," N. A. Station, 1874-6; "Adams," 
Pacific Station, 1876-9; Navy Yard, Mare Island, 1879-83; "Ranger," 
special service, 1883-5; R. S. "Independence," 1887; Naval War College, 
1888-9; " Yantic," N. A. Station, 1889, to November, 1891; R. S. "St. 
Louis," November, 1891, to May, 1893 ; waiting orders, May, 1893, to Sep- 
tember, 1893 ; Navy Yard, League Island, September, 1893, to date. 

Samuel Pancoast Comly. — Appointed from New Jersey. N. A., July, 
1865; Ensign, July, 1871 ; Master, Augu.st, 1873; Lieutenant, April, 1878; 
"Sabine," 1869-70; "Tennessee," January, 1871; -Ticonderoga," South 
Atlantic Station, 1871-2; -Ossipee," 1872 ; R. S. " Potomac," 1873; "Juni- 
ata," Arctic regions, 1873 ; "Canonicus" and • Dictator," Key West, 1874-5 ; 
"Intrepid," 1875-6; "Adams," Pacific Station, 1876-9; Torpedo Station, 
1880 ; R. S "St. Louis," 1880-2 ; '■ Nantucket," 1882 ; training-ship " Ports- 
mouth," 1883-5; Navy Yard, League Island, 1885-8; Ordnance duty, 
1888-9; "Alliance," A.siatic and Pacific Stations, January, 1890, to May, 
1893; receiving-ship "St. Louis," August, 1893, to date. 

Hawley Olmstead Rittenhouse, — Appointed from New Jersey. N. A., 
July, 1866 ; Ensign, Julv, 1871 ; Master, September, 1873 ; Lieutenant, June, 
1878; Coast Survey, 1874-6; Naval Academy, 1876-80; "Galena," Euro- 
pean Station, 1880-3; Naval Academy, 1883-6; " Vandalia," Pacific 
Station, 1886-8; "Trenton," Pacific Station, 1888-9; " Mohican," Pacific 
Station, 1889-90 ; Naval Academy, July, 1890, to June, 1893 ; " Baltimore," 
Asiatic Stati(jn, June, 1893, to dale. 

Robert Grosvenor Peck. — iiorn in and appointed from Massachusetts. 
Entered Naval Academy, Sept. 24, 1866 ; graduated, June 7, 1870 ; practice- 
ship "Savannah," 1867; "Macedonian," 1868; "Savannah," 1869. Pro- 



196 LIEUTENANTS. 

moted to Ensign, Sn\y 12, 1871; ifas^er, September 11, 1873; Lieutenant, 
November 30,1878; attached to " Guard," Darieu Exploring Expedition, 
1870-1 ; "Wyoming," N. A. Station, 1871-4; Torpedo Station, 1874; Coast 
Survey steamer " Blake," deep-sea soundings, 1874—6; New York nautical 
school-ship "St. Mary's," 1876-9 ; "Alert," Asiatic Station, 1879-82; Naval 
Academy, 1882-5 ; practice-ship " Constellation," 1883 ; Navy Department: 
Office of Compasses, 1885; "Ranger," N. P. Station, 1885-9; Naval Acad- 
emy, 1889, to June, 1893 ; commanding Coast Survey steamer " Bache," 
June, 1893, to date. 

John Hubbard. — Appointed from Arizona. N. A., July, 1866 ; Ensign, 
July, 1871 ; blaster, September, 1873 ; Lieutenant, December, 1878 ; " Brook- 
lyn," Europe, 1871-4; Coast Survey, 1874-7; "Supply," special service, 
1877-9; "Swatara," Asiatic Station, 1879-83 ; Torpedo Station, 1883; 
Bureau of Navigation, 1883-4 ; Light-House duty, 1884-6 ; special duty. 
Navy Department, 1887-8; "Chicago," Squadron of Evolution, 1889, to 
July, 1892 ; Inspector of Ordnance, July, 1892, to date. 

Alexander McCrackin. — Appointed as Midshipman from Iowa, on 
July 27, 1866, and graduated from the Naval Academy, July 7, 1870. Pro- 
moted to Ensign, July 12, 1871; to blaster, September 25, 1873 ; to Lieuten- 
ant, January 13, 1879 ; "Shenandoah" and " Brooklvn," European Station, 
1870-3; " Franklin." N. A. Station, 1873-4 ; Coast Survey steamer " Baton 
Rouge," 1874-7 ; " Hartford," Pacific Station, 1877-9 ; practice-ship " Dale," 
1881; Naval Academy, 1881-2; practice-ship "Constellation," 1883; Naval 
Academy, 1883-4; "Adams," Pacific Station, 1885-6 ; " Pinta," special ser- 
vice, 1886-8; Naval Academy, 1888-9; Bureau of Ordnance, 1889, to 
November, 1891; "Marion," Asiatic Station, November, 1891, to date. 

George Leland Dyer. — Appointed from Maine to Naval Academy as 
result of competitive examination, held in the Congressional District, July, 
1866 ; was graduated with honors from Naval Academy, June, 1870 ; served 
on U. S. S. " Plymouth," European Station, West Coast of Africa and West 
Indies, 1870-3. Promoted to Ensign, July, 1871; served on " Minnesota " 
and " Frolic," North Atlantic Station, 1873-4. Promoted to Master, Sep- 
tember, 1873 ; served on " Frolic," South Atlantic Station, 1875-7; served at 
Naval Academy as Instructor of Mathematics, 1877-80. Promoted to Lieu- 
tenant, February, 1879; served on training-ship "Constitution," 1880-1; 
served on " Despatch," during a special surveying cruise in the Gulf of Sa- 
mana. West Indies, 1882 ; ordered to Hydrographic Office, June, 1883 ; and 
served as assistant to the Hydrographer until June, 1888, during which time 
and subsequently the Hydrographic Office was thoroughly reorganized ; 
ordered as Hydrographer, June, 1888, and served in that capacity until No- 
vember, 1889; ordered to the flag-ship "Charleston," January, 1890, for 
duty as Flag-Lieutenant, Pacific Station, on the staff' of Rear- Admiral George 
Brown, U. S. Navy, until January, 1893 ; on board the " Charleston," 
" San Francisco," " Thetis," and " Mohican," each being flag-ship in succes- 
sion. In April, 1893, ordered to the Naval Academy, and assigned to duty 
as Head of Department of Modern Languages — his present duty. 

Lewis Cass Heilner. — Appointed from Pennsylvania. N. A., July, 
1866 ; Ensign, July, 1871; Master, Sept., 1873 ; Lieutenant, June, 1879; "Saco," 
Asiatic Fleet, 1871-4 ; " Brooklyn," 1874 ; " Ossipee," N. A. Station, 1875-7; 
R. S. " Colorado," 1877-8 ; Coast Survey, 1878-83 ; training-ship " Ports- 
mouth," 1883-5 ; Naval Observatory, 1885-9 ; " Pensacola," special ser- 
vice, 1889, to August, 1892 ; Naval Observatory, August, 1892, to date. 

George Allen Calhoun. — Naval Apprentice. Naval Academy, July, 



LIEUTENAXTS. 197 

1866 ; Ensign, July, 1871 ; Mader, November, 1873 ; Lieutenant, November, 
1879; " Narragansett," Pacific, 1871-4; "Worcester," N. A. Station, 
1874-6; "Palos," Asiatic Station, 1876-9; "Ranger," Pacific Station, 1879 
-80; Navy Yard, New York. 1880-1 ; "Brooklyn," S. A. Station, 1881-4; 
Navy Yard, New York, 1884-7; "Atlanta," special service, 1887-90; Ord- 
nance Department, Navy Yard, Washington, December, 1890, to October, 
1892; trainiug-ship "Richmond," October, 1892, to June, 1893; "Charles- 
ton," Pacific Station, June, 1893, to date. 

Martin Ellsworth Hall. — Appointed from Iowa. Naval Academy, 
September, 1865; Ensign, July, 1870; Master, December, 1873; Lieutenant, 
November, 1879; "Richmond," Mediterranean, 1870-3; "Portsmouth," 
special duty, 1875-7; "Essex," S. A. Station, 1877-8; Navy Yard, Pensa- 
cola, 1878-81; "Alaska," Pacific Station, 1881-3; Torpedo Station, 1883; 
training-ship "New Hampshire," 1884-5; "Pensacola," special service, 
1889-90; Torpedo Station, July, 1890, to June, 1893; " Machias," N. A. 
Station, June. 1893. to date. 

Edward Merritt Hughes. — Appointed at large to Naval Academy, 
July 26, 1866 ; graduated, 1870; Ensign, July 13, 1871 ; Master, December 
12, 1873; Lietdenant, December 16,1874; "Narraganset," Home Station, 
1870-1 ; " Supply," special service, 1871 ; " Wyoming," Home Station, 
1871-2; Nicaraguan Canal Survey, 1872; "Constellation," gunnery-ship, 
1873 ; " Despatch," special service, l874 ; " Wachusett," Home Station, 1874 ; 
" Despatch," special service, 1875-6 ; " Kearsarge," Asiatic Station, 1877 ; 
" Monocacy," Asiatic Station, 1878-9 ; Coast Survey, 1880-3 ; " Shenandoah," 
Pacific Station, 1884-6; Light-House Inspector, 1887-9; U. S. Naval 
Training Station, 1890 ; commanding C. S. steamer " Bache," June, 1890, to 
March, 1893; nautical school-ship "Saratoga," March, 1893, to date. 

Herman Frederick Fichbohm. — Naval apprentice. Naval Academy, 
July, 1866 ; Ensign, July, 1871 ; Master, January, 1874 ; Lietdenant, Feb- 
ruary, 1880 ; "Guerriere," Europe, 1870-2; " Richmond," Pacific Station, 
1872-3; "Saranac," Pacific Station, 1874 ; "Portsmouth," Pacific Station,- 
1874-5; "Lehigh," N. A. Station, 1876; "Ranger," Asiatic Station; 
1876-81 ; torpedo duty, 1881 ; " Lackawanna," Pacific Station, 1881-5 ; 
training-ship "New Hampshire," 1885-7; " Enterprise," European Squadron, 
1887-90 ; Inspector of Steel, Pittsburgh, Pa., July, 1890, to July, 1893 ; 
" Yorktown," Pacific Station, July, 1893, to date. 

Joseph Ballard Murdock. — Midshij}man, July 26, 1866, from Fourth 
District of Mas.sachusetts ; graduated, June 7, 1870 ; U. S. S. " Nipsic," North 
Atlantic, July, 1870, to Nov., 1872. Commissioned Ensign, July 13, 1871 ; 
examination and on leave till March, 1873 ; Navy Yard, Portsmouth, March, 
1873 ; U. S. S. " Monongahela," South Atlantic, September, 1873, to July, 
1874. Commissioned Master, February 2, 1874; U. S. S. "Lancaster," 
July, 1874, to July, 1875 ; Coast Survey duty, October, 1875, to June, 1879 ; 
U. S. S. " Constitution," Training Squadron, August, 1879, to September, 
1880. Commissioned Lieutenant, March 10, 1880 ; Naval Academy, Octo- 
ber, 1880, to September, 1883 ; leave of absence, September, 1883, to August, 
1884; special duty at Philadelphia, August, 1884, to December, 1885 ; U. 
S. S. " Dolphin," December, 1885, to December, 1886 ; Torpedo Station, 
December, 1886, to March, 1888 ; U. S. S. " Pensacola," North Atlantic, 
March, 1888, to April, 1888; U. S. S. "Omaha," Asiatic Station, April, 
1888, to March, 1891 ; special duty in Europe, May, 1891, to Novem- 
ber, 1891 ; electrical duty. Navy Yard, New York, November 2, 1891, to 
date. 



198 LIEUTENANTS. 

Hugo Osterhaus. — Appointed from Missouri, l^aval Academ)', Sep- 
tember, 1865; Ensign, July, 1871; Master, February, 1870; Lientenanf, 
March, 1880; "Plymouth," Europe, 1871-3; North Atlantic Station, 1878- 
77; Navy Yard, Norfolk, 1877-9; Coast Survey, 1879-82; "Enterprise," 
Asiatic Station, 1882-6; Navy Yard, Norfolk, 1887-9; "Enterprise," 
European Station, 1889-90; " Atlanta," S. A. Station, August, 1890, to 
September, 1892 ; Naval Academy, September, 1892, to date. 

John Bartholomew Collins. — Appointed from Louisiana. Naval 
Academy, July, 1866 ; Ensign, July, 1871 ; Master, March, 1874 ; Lieuten- 
ant, March, 1880; "Worcester," North Atlantic Station. 1871-4; " Canoni- 
cus," 1874-7 ; receiving-ship " New Hampshire," 1877-9 ; " Powhatan," 
North Atlantic Station, 1879-81; Navy Yard, Pensacola, 1881-2; "Ten- 
nessee," North Atlantic Station, 1883-4 ; " Iroquois," Pacific Station, 1884-7 ; 
store-ship " Monongahela," 1887-8 ; Navy Yard, Pensacola, 1889, to April, 
1892 ; " Mohican," Pacific Station, April, 1892, to date. 

Charles Edward Vreeland.— Naval apprentice. Naval Academy, 
July, 1866; Ensign, July, 1871 ; Master, April, 1874; Lieutenant, March, 
1880; "Congress," 1871-3; North Atlantic and Asiatic Stations, 1873-8; 
" Ticonderoga," special service, 1878-81 ; Nautical Almanac Office, 1881-4 ; 
"Hartford," Pacific Station, 1884-7; Office of Naval Intelligence, 1887-9; 
commanding C. S. S. " Blake," 1889, to October, 1889 ; commanding Coast 
Survey steamer " Blake," October, 1889, to June, 1893 ; naval attache at 
Vienna and Rome, June, 1893, to date. 

Corwin Pottenger Rees, — Born in Reily, Butler County, Ohio, Sep- 
tember 4, 1848. February 27, 1864 enlisted in Company B, 54th 0. V. V. 
I., Second Brigade, Second Division, Fifteenth Army Corps. Participated in 
the battles of Resaca, Dallas, Kenesaw Mountain, the Siege of Atlanta, the 
March to the Sea, the Storming of Fort McAllister, the Battle of Benton- 
viile, and minor engagements, receiving an honorable discharge after the 
close of the war, August 15, 1865. Appointed Midshipman, U. S. Navy, 
July 31, 1866; graduated, 1870; "Guerriere," 1870-72. Promoted 
Ensign, July 13, 1871; "Portsmouth," December, 1872, to July, 1874; 
" Saranac," July, 1874, to July, 1875. Promoted to Master, May 21, 1874 ; 
" Benicia," July, 1875, to November, 1875 ; " Lackawanna," November, 
1875 to 1877 ; " Guard," as Navigation Officer, September, 1877, to Decem- 
ber, 1878 ; Naval Academy, as Instructor in Department of Drawing, Jan- 
uary, 1879, to August, 1881 ; "Essex," cruise around the world, November, 
1881, to January, 1885 ; training-ship "New Hampshire" and Arctic 
steamer "Alert," during April, 1885; "Michigan," Northwestern Lakes, 
May, 1885, to April, 1888 ; Torpedo Station, Newport, R. I., May, 1888, to 
August, 1888; War College, August, 1888, to November, 1888; " Kear- 
sarge," November, 1888, to January, 1889 ; "Tallapoosa," January, 1889, to 
January, 1892 ; " Michigan," as Executive Officer, May, 1892, to date. 

Albert Caldwell Dillingham. — Appointed from Pennsylvania. N. A. 
July, 1865 ; Ensign, July, 1871; Master, June, 1874; Lieutenant, December, 
1880; " Plymouth," Europe, 1870-2 ; Torpedo Station, 1875-6 ; Coast Sur- 
vey, 1876-9; "Wachusett," S. A. Station, 1879-82; Navy Yard, Norfolk, 
1882-3; Naval Academy, 1883-6; "Richmond," N. A. Station, 1886-8; 
receiving-ship " Vermont," 1888-9 ; receiving-ship " Dale," 1889, to June, 
1892 ; training-ship " Portsmouth," June, 1892, to date. 

George Frederick Warren Holman. — Appointed to Naval Acad- 
emy from Second District, California. Midshipman, July 25, 1866. Commis- 
sioned -E/isi^rw, July 13, 1871; Master, June 14, 1874; Lieutenant, January 



LIEUTENANTS. 199 

1, 1881; Naval Academy, July, 1866, to June, 1870; waiting orders, June 
to September, 1870 ; "California," September to October, 1870 ; " Severn," 
October, 1870, to February, 1871; West Indies, Mediterranean and convoy 
of Hall's Polar Expedition, "Congress," February. 1871, to May, 1873 
"Brooklyn," May to July, 1873; waiting orders, July to November, 1873 
"Powhatan," November, 1873, to January, 1874; "Colorado," January 
1874 to June, 1875; waiting orders, June to October, 1875 ; "Gettysburg,' 
special longitude survey of West Indies, October, 1875, to June, 1876 
" Minnesota," for training Naval Apprentices, June, 1876, to August. 1877 
special cruise for State Department, on board "Ossipee," August, 1877, to 
May, 1878; "Saratoga," training Naval Apprentices, June, 1878, to Jan- 
uary, 1881; Hydrographic Office, January to September, 1881; Navy Yard, 
Boston, September, 1881, to October, 1882 ; " Saratoga," training Naval Ap- 
prentices, December, 1882, to May, 1886; Torpedo Station, Newport, June 
to September, 1886 ; War College, Newport, September to November, 1886; 
Torpedo Station, Newport, for advanced course of instruction, November, 

1886, to May, 1887; Torpedo Station as Torpedo Officer, Instructor in Tor- 
pedoes, and Lecturer before War College May, 1887, to April, 1890 ; " Es- 
sex." April, 1890, to March, 1893 ; Naval Torpedo Station, Newport, as 
Torpedo Officer and Instructor in Torpedoes, March, 1893, to date. 

Nathan Sargent. — Appointed from Montana Territory to Naval 
Academy, July 25, 1866; graduated, 1870; Ensign, July 13, 1871 ; Master, 
July 10, 1874; Lieutenant, J nimsiYj 2, 1881; Naval Academy, 1866-70; 
ordnance duty, Washington, June, 1870, to August, 1870 ; " Guerriere," 
August, 1870, to December, 1870; "Constellation," June, 1871, to Decem- 
ber, 1871; " Canandaigua," February, 1872, to December, 1872; "Constel- 
lation," gunnery-ship, Januarv, 1873, to June, 1873 ; C. S. S. " Bache," June, 
1873, to August, 1873; "Alaska," August, 1873, to November, 1876; 
ordnance duty, Washington, October, 1876, to July, 1878 ; ordnance duty, 
Washington, February, 1879, to August, 1879; training-ship "Portsmouth," 
August, 1879, to December, 1882; Navy Yard, Washington, January, 1883, 
to May, 1884 ; "Lancaster " (Flag-Lieutenant), September, 1884, to Novem- 
ber, 1885 ; " Pensacola," April, 1886, to August, 1887, European Station 
(Flag-Lieutenant) ; " Pensacola," " Quinnebaug," and " Lancaster," August, 

1887, to January, 1889; Naval Attache, Rome and Vienna, January, 1889, 
to June, 1893 ; Bureau of Ordnance, October, 1893, to date. 

Lazarus Lowrey Reamey. — Born in Hollidaysburg, Pennsylvania, 
February 15, 1849. Appointed from Pennsylvania (17th Congressional 
District) ; entered the U. S. Naval Academy, as a Midshipman, July 25, 
1866; graduated, June 7, 1870; E^isign, July 13, 1871; .Master, J u\y 23, 
1874; Lieutenant, February 2, 1881 ; flag-ship "Worcester," North Atlantic 
Station, September 25, 1872, to June "^1 3, 1874 (Signal Officer); Asiatic 
Station (" Monocacy " and " Kearsarge "), November 26, 1874, to January 
14, 1877; "Constellation" (Paris Exhibition), March 13, 1878, to May, 10, 
1878 ; " Constitution " (Paris Exhibition), May 10, 1878, to August 2, 1879 ; 
(stranded on Bollard Head, English Channel, night of January 16, 1879) ; 
Hydrographic Office, October 1, 1879, to August 9, 1881 ; flag-ship " Lan- 
caster," European Station, August 20, 1881, to February 6, 1884 (Flag 
Lieutenant, July 5, 1882, to March 10.1883); commanding ''Thetis," for 
Greely Relief Expedition, February 6, 1884, to March 27, 1884 (took her, 
after her purchase, from Dundee, Scotland, ai'ound the north of Scotland, to 
New York) ; Torpedo School, May 1, 1884, to August 4, 1884 ; U. S. Naval 
Observatory, September 1, 1884, to May 8, 1887 ; flag-ship " Trenton," May 



200 LIEUTEXAKTS. 

20, 1887, to July 7, 1889 (shipwrecked in the harbor of Apia, Samoa, March 
16, 1889); Asiatic Station (Flag Secretary), November 27, 1889, to Feb- 
ruary 2, 1892 ; Board of Inspection and Survey, September 1. 1892, to date. 

James Henry Bull. — Born in West Chester, Chester County, Pennsyl- 
vania, June 13, 1852. Attended Wyers' Military Academy. Appointed 
Midshipman to the Naval Academy by the Hon. Gideon Welles, on the 
recommendation of the Hon. J. R. Broomall, Congressman from the Seventh 
(at that time) Disti'ict of Pennsylvania, and entered the Academy, July 25, 
1866 ; graduated from the Academy, June 7, 1870, and placed on waiting 
orders; on duty on board the store-ship "Guard," from July, 1870, to 
August, 1871, in the Fishing Banks S(][uadron, and as part of the Darien 
Inter-oceanic Canal Expedition, doing duty on shore with the Expedition. 
Commissioned as Ensign, July 13, 1871 ; on duty on board the U. S. S. 
•'Wyoming," from October, 1871, to January, 1872, when he was transferred 
to U. S. flag-ship " Worcester," North Atlantic Squadron, where was on duty 
until October, 1872 ; a member of Nicaragua Canal Surveying Expedition 
from December, 1872, to August, 1873 ; on duty in the Asiatic Station, from 
September, 1873, to August, 1876, in the U. S. ships 'Lackawanna." 
" Yantic," and " Saco." Commissioned Master, October 3, 1874 ; on duty on 
the Coast Survey, from December, 1876, to January, 1879 ; on duty at New- 
port Torpedo Station, from March, 1879, to May, 1879 ; on board the U. S. 
S. " Wachusett," special service, from May, 1879, to September, 1879; on 
board the receiving-ship " Franklin," at Norfolk, Va.. from September, 1879, 
to Api'il, 1880; on board the U. S. S. " Powhatan," special service, from 
April, 1880, to October, 1882. Commissioned Lieutenant, April 22, 1881 ; 
on duty at the Naval Academy as Instructor of Ordnance and Gunnery, from 
October, 1882, to June, 1885 ; made practice cruise in U. S. S. " Dale," 
June, 1883, to September, 1883 ; on duty on board the U. S. S. " Mohican," 
June, 1885, to January, 1886 ; on leave, February, 1886, to December, 1886 ; 
on duty in Asiatic Station, on board U. S. S. " Marion " and " Monocacy," 
from Januarv, 1887, to December, 1889 ; New London, Conn., Naval Station, 
March, 1890,'to April, 1893 ; "Alliance," Pacific Station, April, 1893, to date. 

Greenlief Augustus Merriam. — Born in Baltimore, Maryland. Ap- 
pointed from INIassachusetts Naval Academy, Julv, 1866 ; Ensign, July, 
1871 ; Master. October, 1874; Lieutenant, May, 1881 ; U. S. S. "Saco " and 
"Colorado," European and Asiatic Station, 1870-3; " Monougahela," S. A. 
Station, 1873-6; "Rio Bravo," special service, 1877-9; Hydrographic 
OflSce, 1879-81 ; U. S. S. " Quinnebaug,"" European Station, 1881-4 ; Hydro- 
graphic Office, 1884-7 ; Secretary to Commander-in-Chief, Pacific Station, 
Rear-Admiral L. A. Kimberly, April, 1887, to February, 1890; flag-ships 
" Vandalia," " Dolphin," " Trenton " (Samoa), " Mohican," " Charleston," 
1887-90; Naval Academy, February, 1890, to June, 1893; "Concord," 
Asiatic Station, June, 1893, to date. 

Charles Huntington Lyman.— Appointed from Ohio. N. A., July, 
1866; Ensign, July, 1871 ; blaster, October, 1874; Lieutenant. June, 1881 ; 
'• Wyoming," N. A. Station, 1870-3 ; signal duty, 1873-5 ; " Hartford," S. A., 
1875-7; "Swatara," N. A. Station, 1877-8; Naval Academy, 1878-81; 
"Wyoming," N. A. Station, 1881-2; " Juniata," Asiatic Station, 1882-5; 
commanding Naval Station, Port Royal, 1886, to November, 1891 ; waiting 
orders, November, 1891, to January, 1892; " Kearsarge," N. A. Station, 
January, 1892, to date. 

Freeman Hopkins Crosby. — Appointed from New York. N. A., 
July, 1866; Ensign, July, 1871; Master, November, 1874; Lieutenant 



LIEUTENANTS. 201 

August, 1881 ; " Guerriere," 1870-72 ; " Benicia," i^. P. Station, 1872-6 ; 
" Constitution," special service, 1876-9; "Tennessee," N. A. Station, 1879- 
80; "Despatch" (despatch-boat), 1880-2; Coast Survey, 1882-8; "Rich- 
mond," S. A. Station, 1888-90 ; Navy Yard, Washington, July, 1890, to 
June, 189.3 ; Coast Survey, steamer " McArthur," June, 1893, to date. 

Hanson Risley Tyler. — Appointed from Vermont. N. A., July, 1866 ; 
Ensign, July, 1871; Master, September, 1874; Lieutenant, March, 1881; 
"Nipsic," N. A. Station, 1870-73; " Monongahela," S. A. Station, 1873-6; 
receiving ship "Wabash," 1876-77; "Swatara," N. A. Station, 1877-8; re- 
ceiving-ship "AVabash," 1878-9; "Swatara," Asiatic Station, 1879-83; 
Torpedo Station, 1883; receiving-ship "Wabash," 1883-6; " Alliance," S. 
A. Station, 1886-9; "Adams," Pacific Station, 1889-90; "Mohican," Pacific 
Station, December, 1890, to December, 1892 ; leave of absence, December, 
1892, to July, 1893 ; R. S. "Independence," July, 1893, to date. 

John Brown Milton. — Appointed from Kentucky. N. A., July, 1866 ; 
Ensign, Julv, 1871 ; Master, November, 1874; Lieutenant, Se'ptemher,lSSl ; 
"Worcester"" N. A. Station, 1870-3 ; " Powhatan," N. A. Station, 1873-7 ; 
" Tuscarora," Pacific Station, 1877-81 ; " Ranger," Pacific Station, 1881-2 ; 
Coast Survey, 1882-3 ; Branch Hydrographic Office, San Francisco, 1883-7 ; 
"Ossipee,"N. A. Station, 1887-9; training-ship "Jamestown," 1889-90; 
Naval Academy, October, 1890, to December, 1893 ; ti-aining-ship " Monon- 
gahela," December, 1893 to date. 

William Kilburn. — Appointed from Calfornia. N. A., December, 
1865; Ensign, July 1871; "Benicia," N. P. Station, 1874-7; 3faster, 
December, 1874; Lieutenant, October, 1881; Coast Survey, 1877-80; 
" Tennessee," N. A. Station, 1880-3 ; receiving-ship " St. Louis," 1883-4 ; 
"Powhatan," special duty, 1884-6; "Richmond," N. A. Station, 1886-8; 
ordnance duty, Navy Yard, Washington, 1888-90; Inspector of Ordnance, 
Midvale Steel AVorks, 1889-90 ; training-ship " Richmond," October, 1890, 
to November, 1891 ; " San Francisco," S. A. Station, November, 1891, to date. 

John Jacob Hunker. — Appointed from Ohio. N. A. July, 1866 ; 
Eiisifjn, .Julv, 1872; Master, .January, 1875; Lieutenant, October, 1881; 
"Wyoming," N. A. Station, 1870-73 ;" Kansas," N. A. Station, 1874-5; 
" Despatch " (despatch boat), 1875-9 ; torpedo-steamer " Alarm," 1879-81 ; 
"Brooklyn," S. A. Station, 1881-5; Torpedo Station, 1885; Navy Yard, 
New York, 1885-6 ; " Chicago," special service, 1886-8 ; Supervisor of Har- 
bor, New York, 1888-9 ; " Charleston," f-pecial service, 1890, to April, 1893 ; 
leave of absence. April, 1893 to August, 1893 ; receiving-ship " Minnesota," 
August, 1893, to date. 

George William Mentz. — Appointed from New Jersey. N. A., Sep- 
tember, 1866; Ensign, July, 1872; Master, January, 1875; Lieiderlant, 
October, 1881 ; "Guerriere," 1870-3 ; " Canandaigua," N. A. Station, 1874- 
75; "Huron," 1876-7; "Monongahela," Asiatic Station, 1877-9; Coast 
Survey, 1879-83 ; special duty. Navy Department, 1883-4 ; " Dolphin," 
special service, 1884-5 ; " Yantlc," N. K. Station, 1885-9 ; Bureau of Navi- 
gation, 1889-90; Office Naval Intelligence, January, 1890, to July, 1892 ; 
Coast Survey steamer " Eagre," July, 1892, to April, 1893 ; Coast Survey 
steauier "Blake," April, 1893, to date. 

Sidney Augustus Staunton. — Born in New York. Appointed from 
West Virginia, September 23, 1867 ; was graduated, June 6, 1871. Ensign, 
July 14,1872. Master, February 4, 1875. Lieutenant, November 15, 1881. 
Service: August, 1871, to June, 1873, "Iroquois," N. A. Station; "Con- 
gress," " Wabash " and " Plymouth," European Station ; December, 1873, 



202 LIEUTENANTS. 

to April, 1874, " Franklin," IST. A Station ; August to September, 1874, 
receiving-ship " Sabine ; " October to December, 1874, Hydrographic Office ; 
January, 1875, to October. 1877, '' Powhatan " (for passage), '' Franklin," 
" Marion " and " Trenton," European Station ; December, 1877, to Decem- 
ber, 1879, Naval Academy ; December, 1879, to December, 1882, " Swatara," 
China Station ; February, 1883, to May, 1883, Ordnance duty ; October, 
1883, to March. 1885, Office of Naval Intelligence; April, 1885, to August, 
1887, Flag-Lieutenant " Pensacola," European Station ; October, 1887, to 
October, 1889, Office of Naval Intelligence and Secretary American Delega- 
tion to International Maritime Conference, which prepared programme con- 
sidered by Conference; October, 1889, to April, 1893, Flag-Lieutenant, 
" Chicago," Squadron of Evolution (European, South Atlantic and N. A. 
Stations). 

Aaron ^Va^d. — Appointed from Pennsylvania. N. A,, September, 
1867; Midshipman, June, 1871; Ensign, July, 1871; Master, February, 
1875 ; Lieutenant, November, 1881 ; " California," Pacific Station, 1.870-3 ; 
''Franklin," Europe, 1875-6 ; Naval Academy, 18^6-9; training-ship "Con- 
stitution," 1879-81 ; training-ship " New Hampshire," 1881-3 ; Navy Yard, 
New York, 1883-5 ; " Hartford," Pacific Station, 1885-6 ; " Monongahela," 
Pacific Station, 1886-8 ; Naval Attache, Paris and St. Petersburg, 1889, to 
November, 1892 ; waiting orders, November, 1892, to August, 1893 ; " New 
York " S. A. Station, August, 1893, to date. 

Chauncey Thomas. — Born April 27, 1850, in New York. Appointed 
to Naval Academy from Pennsylvania, September 26, 1867 ; Naval Acad- 
emy to June 6, 1871 ; frigate "Wabash," European Station, October 5, 1871 ; 
store-ship "Supply," July 21, 1873; frigate "Colorado," North Atlantic 
Station, December 1, 1873 ; frigate "Wabash," April 2, 1874; waiting 
orders, April 28, 1874 ; ordered to examination for promotion, June 4, 1874 ; 
waiting orders, June 17, 1874. Commissioned Ensign, July 14, 1872 ; 
frigate " Colorado," North Atlantic Station, July 13, 1874; sloop " Canan- 
daigua," September 21, 1874 ; flag-ship "Worcester" and to staff of Kear- 
Admiral Mullany, September 27^ 1874; flag-ship "Colorado," March 31, 
1875; flag-ship " Worcester," May 10, 1875^ sloop "Plymouth" (special 
duty), June 24, 1875; ordered to examination for promotion, September 25, 
1875, and commissioned Master from April 14, 1875 ; returning to duty 
on board the " Plymouth ; " ordered to the flag-ship " Hartford " and 
to staff of Rear- Admiral LeRoy, February 14, 1876 ; to staff of Rear- 
Admiral Trenchard, August 31, 1876 ; flag-ship " Powhatan," July 4, 1877 ; 
waiting orders, June 15, 1878 ; Nautical Almanac Office, Navy Department, 
Washington, D. C, July 8, 1878 ; waiting orders, July 8, 1881 ; ordered to 
sloop " Adams," Pacific Station, September 10, 1881, and to examination for 
promotion, May 26, 1882. Commissioned Lieutenant from March 10, 1882 ; 
waiting orders, September 9, 1884 ; Nautical Almanac Office, Navy Depart- 
ment. Washington, D. C, November 15, 1884 ; appointed Assistant Super- 
intendent Nautical Almanac, November 25, 1884 ; detached and ordered to 
special duty as Aide to Admiral Porter, March 10, 1886, which duty con- 
tinued till after the death of Admiral Porter ; March 15, 1891, was ordered 
to U. S. training-shi[) " Monongahela;" detached July 10, 1893, and ordered 
to " Bennington ; " Navigator of latter at present time. 

Charles \Vard Bartlett. — Appointed from Massachusetts. N. A., 
June, 1867; Mirl^hipma-n, June, 1871 ; Ensign, Julv, 1872; Master, March, 
1875; Lieutenant, February. 1882; "Wabash," Europe, 1870-3; Hydro- 
graphic Office, 1875-7; training-ship "Saratoga," 1877-8; Naval Academy, 



LIEUTENANTS. 203 

1878-81; practice-ship "Constellation," 1881; training-ship "Minnesota," 
1881-2 ; "Adams," European Station, 1882-4 ; Naval Academy, 1884-8 ; 
" Ranger," Pacific Station, 1888-90 ; " Thetis," special service, December, 
1890, to October, 1891 ; Naval Academy, October, 1891, to date. 

William Alexander Marshall. — Appointed from Pennsylvania. Naval 
Academy, June, 1867 ; Midshipman, June, 1871 ; Ensign, July, 1872 ; 
Master, April, 1875; J ieufenant, April, 1882; " Canandaigua," 1871-5; 
Asiatic Station, 1875-7; "Tennessee," North Atlantic Station, 1877-8; 
receiving-ship " New Hampshire," 1878-80 ; ' Vandalia," North Atlantic 
Station, 1880-3 ; Branch Hydrographic Office, Boston, 1883-4 ; Nautical 
Almanac Office, 1884—6; "Dolphin," special service, 1886-9; Ordnance 
Inspector, Newport, R. I., 1889-93; "Charleston," Pacific Station, April, 
1893, to date. 

William Manning Irwin. — Appointed from Ohio. Naval Academy, 
June, 1867; Midshipman, June, 1871; Ensign, July, 1872; Master, May, 
1875; LieiUenant, June, 1882; "California," Pacific, 1871-4; " Ossipee," 
North Atlantic Station, 1874-6 ; " Gettysburg," 1876-7 ; Nautical Almanac 
Office, 1878-9; "Michigan," N. W. Lakes, 1879-81; "Essex," Pacific 
Station, 1881-5 ; Navy Yard, Washington, 1885 ; Bureau of Equipment, 
1885-8 ; "Atlanta," Squadron of Evolution, January, 1889, to September, 
1891; Naval Academy, September, 1891, to June, 1893; leave of absence, 
June, 1893, to July, 1893 ; Navy Yard, Washington, July, 1893, to date. 

Gustavus Charles Hanus, — Appointed from Wisconsin. Naval 
Academy, July, 1865 ; Midshipman, June, 1871 ; Ensign., July, 1872 ; 
Master, May, 1875 ; Lieutenant, June, 1882 ; " Iroquois," " Canandai- 
gua," and "Hartford," 1871-5; Coast Survey, 1875-8; "Jamestown," 
North Pacific Station, 1879-81 ; while serving on " Jamestown," was en- 
gaged in making extensive surveys in Alaska ; Hydrographic Office, 
1881-3 ; Coast Survey duty, 1883-6, during which periods he commanded 
the steamers "Arago," " Endeavor," " Gedney," and "Ready;" "Ossipee," 
North Atlantic Station, 1886-7; appointed by Governor Hill as a Bound- 
ary Commissioner for New York, in settling Raritan Bay Boundary, in 
1887; " Nipsic," Pacific Station, 1887-8; was recalled from " Nipsic," 
then at Callao, in consequence of a joint resolution of both the Legislatures 
of New York and New Jersey, requesting his servic^es as an engineer in 
settling the boundary in the Arthur Kill, Kill von Kull, New York Bay, 
and Hudson River ; served as a New York Commissioner and Engineer of 
both commissions, until July, 1890 ; " Enterprise," " Newark," and " Vesu- 
vius," July, 1890, to June, 1893 ; duty at World's Columbian Exposition, 
June, 1893, to November, 1893 ; Navy Yard, New York, November, 1893, to 
date. 

William Power Elliott. — Appointed at large. Naval Academy, Sep- 
tember, 1867; Midshipman, June, 1871 ; Ensign, July, 1872; Master, May, 
1875 ; Lieutenant, June, 1882 ; " California," " Mohican," 1871-2 ; " Lacka- 
wanna," China,. 1872-4 ; " Alert," North Atlantic, 1875-6 ; " Plymouth," 
N. A., 1877 ; " Tuscarora," Pacific, 1878 ; Coast Survey, 1879-83 ; " Galena," 
N. A., 1883-6 ; Naval Observatory, 1886-9 ; commanding C. S. schooner 
" Eagre," 1889, to March, 1892 ; " Adams," Pacific Station, March, 1892, to 
date. 

John Emil Roller. —Naval apprentice. Naval Academy, June, 1867 ; 
Midshipman, June, 1871 ; Ensign, July, 1872 ; Master, May, 1875 ; Lieu- 
tenant, July, 1882; " Wachusett," Europe, 1871-3; "Portsmouth," 
1874-7; R.S. "Colorado," 1878-80; training-ship "Saratoga," 1881-3; 



204 LIEUTEXAyTS. 

training-ship " Minnesota," 1888 ; Branch Hydrographic Office, New York, 
1883-5; "Marion," Asiatic Station, 1885-6; " Palos," Asiatic Station, 
1886-8; R.S. "Minnesota," 1888-90; "Kearsarge," N. A. Station, June, 
1890, to June, 1898 ; Navy Yard, New York. June, 1893, to date. 

Francis Emerson Greene. — Appointed from Indiana. Naval Acad- 
emy, September, 1867; Midshipman, June, 1871; Ensigv, July, 1872; 
Master, June, 1875 ; Lieutenant, July, 1882 ; " Congress," special service, 
1871-3; "Shawmut," N. A. Station, 1874-7; Coast Survey, 1877-80; 
" Yantic," N. A. Station, 1880-3 ; training-ship " New Hampshire," 1883-6 ; 
" Alert," Pacific Station, 1886-90 ; " Kearsarge," N. A. Station, June, 1890, 
to April. 1893 ; " Ranger" Pacific Station, April, 1893, to date. 

Carlos Oilman Calkins. — Born in Ohio. Appointed to the Naval 
Academy from the 19th Ohio District, represented by General Garfield, in 
1867 ; graduated in 1871 ; served in the " Wj-oming," North Atlantic Station, 
1871-74 ; served in the '■ Powhatan," " Franklin," and " Juniata," European 
Station, 1874-76 ; " New Hampshire," at Port Royal, 1876-77 ; " Wyoming," 
European Station, 1877-80 ; attached to Hydrographic Office and Bureau 
of Navigation, Navy Department, 1881-83 ; served in the " Trenton," 
Asiatic Station, 1883-86; attached to Office of Naval Intelligence, 1886-7, 
and to Board of Inspection at San Francisco, 1887-89 ; served in the "Alba- 
tross," under U. S. Fish Commission, on Pacific Station, 1890-93; in charge 
of Branch Hydrographic Office, Portland, Oregon, 1893. Promoted to 
Ensign, July, 1S7'2 ;■ blaster, July, 1875; Lieutenant, November, 1882. 
Received the medal of the Naval Institute for competitive essays on Naval 
subjects, in 1883 and 1886. 

Jeremiah Cutler Burnett. — Appointed from Indiana. N. A., Sep- 
tember, 1867 ; Midshipmnn, June, 1871 ; Ensign, July. 1872 ; Master, July, 
1875; Lieutenant, November, 1882; "California," Pacific, 1871-3; "Ports- 
mouth." 1874-6 ; school-ship "Jamestown," 1876-8 ; " Lackawanna." Pacific 
Station. 1878-81; " Quinnebaug," European Station, 1881-8; R. S. "Inde- 
pendence," 1884-6 ; commanding C. S. S. " McArthur," 1886-9 ; " Iroquois," 
Pacific Station, 1888, to Octr^ber, 1892 ; charge Branch Hydrographic Office, 
San Francisco, October, 1892, to date. 

Samuel Seabury. — Entered the service, October 3, 1865, at New York, 
enlisting as a naval apprentice with a view to securing an appointment to 
the Naval Academy ; served on board training-ship " Sabine " until June 26, 
1867 ; at the Naval Academy from June 26, 1867, to June 6, 1871 ; served 
on " Wachusett " and •' Iroquois," from July, 1871, to July, 1874, making 
cruise to China on the latter vessel. Promoted to Ensign, July 14, 1872 ; to 
Master, July 26, 1875 ; served on " Omaha," South Pacific Station, January', 
1875, to July, 1876 ; at Navy Yard, New York, and receiving-ship " Colo- 
rado," November, 1876, to May, 1879, with interval of four months in 
summer of 1877 on training-ship " Supply ; " from May. 1879, to May, 1881, 
on " Wachusett," attached to South Atlantic and to Pacific Squadrons, as 
well as four months' duty on North Atlanti<% during which an attempt was 
made to reach St. Louis by the Missis.sippi, for the enlistment of naval 
apprentices ; from June, 1881, to October, 1882, on duty at New York Yard, 
and on special inspection duty at New York ; during this time was engaged 
on plans for vessels of war, receiving complimentary letter from Secretary of 
the Navy therefor ; in the winter of 1881-2 was nominated by President 
Arthur as Naval Constructor, but not confirmed by Senate. Commissioned 
Lieidenant, 3a\nvAv\ 9,1883; from January, 1883, to March, 1884, on the 
staff of Commodore Luce, commanding Training Squadron ; from March, 



LIEUTENANTS. 205 

1884, to November, 1885, on special duty with Admiral Porter, engaged in 
the preparation of designs for vessel of war; November, 1886, to October, 
1888, attached to flag-ships "Tennessee" and " Richmond," of the North 
Atlantic Squadron, under Rear- Admirals Jouett and Luce, taking part in all 
evolutions of that squadron, and in the camps of the Naval Brigade at Pen- 
sacola ; on duty in New York City, in connection with Board of Inspection 
of merchant vessels, from October, 1888, to April, 1892 ; on furlough, April, 
1892, to June, 1893 ; " Philadelphia," Pacific Station, June, 1893, to date. 

William Carmi Babcock. — Appointed from Kansas. Naval Academy, 
September, 1867; Midshipman, June, 1871; Ensign, July, 1872; Master, 
October, 1875 ; Lieutenant (junior grade), March, 1883 ; Lieutenant,^i'Avc\i, 
1883 ; " Wabash," Europe, 1871-3 ; " Ashuelot," Asiatic Station, 1874-6 ; 
Bureau of Navigation, 1876-7; 'Trenton" and "Alliance," European 
Station, 1877-9; "Wyoming," European Station, 1879-81; Hydrographic 
Office, 1881-3; Fish Commission, 1883-4; "Hartford," Pacific Station, 
1884-6 ; Office of Naval Intelligence, 1886-8 ; duty under Light-House 
Board, 1888-90 ; "San Francisco," Pacific Station, December, 1890, to July, 
1893; leave of absence, July, 1893, to October, 1893; Navy Yard, New 
York, October,l893, to date. 

Henry Harris Barroll.~Born in New Madrid, Mo., May 22, 1850, 
and was appointed to the L^nited States Naval iVcademy, from Cape 
Girardeau County, September, 1867; graduated in June, 1871, and was first 
attached to the U. S. S, " Iroquois," and later to the U. S. S. " Congress," 
serving on the North Atlantic Station ; while attached to the " Congress," in 
1872, that vessel was ordered to proceed to Port au Prince, Hayti, to release 
and bring to the United States the American steamer " Hornet," then 
blockaded in that port by Spanish men-of-war ; the blockaded vessel was 
convoyed to Baltimore; served on board the U. S. S. " Congress," on the 
European Station, until May, 1873, when he was transferred to the U. S. S. 
" Wachusett," and in the spring of 1874 returned to Key West in that 
vessel, the " Virginius " affair having caused the naval forces to assemble 
there ; took part in the naval drill in Florida Bay. Promoted to Ensign in 
1872 ; in June, 1874, placed on waiting orders, and in October, 1874, ordered 
to the U. S. monitor " Canonicus," at New Orleans, La. ; detached from the 
" Canonicus," in January, 1875, and ordered to take passage in the U. S. S. 
" Canandaigua," to Aspinwall, U. S. of Colombia, and join the party under 
Lieutenant Frederick Collins, U. S. Navy, to survey a line for the inter- 
oceanic canal across the Isthmus of Darien ; was here engaged for five 
months, and upon return to the United States, was ordered on duty at the 
Navy Department, to assist in the computation of the coast of a ship-canal, 
by way of the Atrato-Napipi route. Promoted to Master in 1875 ; in Sep- 
tember, 1875, ordered to duty on board the U. S. S. " Gettysburg," making- 
determinations of longitude by means of telegraphic cable, working from 
Key West, through the Antilles, as far south as the Island of Trinidad ; on 
returning to the United States in June, 1876, was assigned to duty on board 
of the training-ship "Minnesota;" in October, 1877, was detached and 
ordered to duty in the U. S. Coast Survey, serving at first on board the U. S. 
Coast Survey schooner " Palinurus," and engaged in making sailing direc- 
tions for the east coast of the United States, between Cape Henry and the 
Dry Tortugas ; and also for Albemarle and Pamlico Sounds ; was also em- 
ployed in locating the oyster-beds in Tangier and Pocomoke Sounds, Chesa- 
peake Bay; in November, 1879, was ordered to command the Coast Survey 
steamer " Hitchcock," then at Grand Gulf, and engaged in triangulating the 



206 LIEUTENANTS. 

Mississippi River ; in 1880, received orders to lay the vessel up at Baton 
Rouge, and report for duty on board the Coast Survey schooner " Eagre," at 
Castine, Maine, and made surveys of Frenchman's Bay, Penobscot and 
Bagaduce Rivers; in August, 1881, was ordered to take passage in the 
U. S. S. '' Powhatan," to Aspinwall, and report for duty on boai'd the U. S. S. 
" Richmond," at Panama ; served on the Asiatic Station until August, 1884, 
being attached to the U. S. steamers "Richmond," "Monocacy," and "Palos;" 
in April, 1883, was ordered in command of a naval party appointed to guard 
from pillage the wreck of the U. S. S. "Ashuelot," which vessel had been lost 
on Lammock Island, near Swatow ; remained here for five mouths, and at 
the end of that tiiue was ordered to the U. S. S. '■ Palos," taking part in 
quelling the Chinese riots at Canton, in 1 883, when the European business- 
houses on the Island of Shamin were burned ; title changed to Lieidenant 
(junior grade), in ]\Iarch, 1883 ; was promoted to Lieatenant (senior grade), 
in May, 1883 ; from November, 1884, until February, 1886, on duty at the 
Branch Hydrographic OiRce, Philadelphia ; in February, 188(j, granted six 
months' leave ; in August, 1886, ordered to duty on board the U. S. S. 
" Lancaster," South Atlantic Station ; served for two years as Flag- Lieutenant 
of the South Atlantic Squadron, I'eturning to the United States in November, 
1888 ; in charge of the Branch Hydrographic Office, Norfolk, Va., February, 
1889, to October, 1891 ; " Marion," Asiatic Station, October, 1891, to date.' 

Charles Douglas Galloway. — Appointed from Maryland. Naval 
Academy, September, 1866; Midshipman, June, 1871 ; Ensign, July, 1872; 
Master, December, 1875 ; Lieutenant (junior grade), March, 1883 ; Lieu- 
tenant, June, 1883 ; " California," Pacific, 1871-3 ; " Shawmut," N. A. Station, 
1875-7; " Monongahela," 1877; "Fortune," special service, 1877-8; Hy- 
drographic Office, 1878-9; "Saratoga," training-ship, 1879-83; practice- 
ship "Constellation," 1883; Naval Academy, 1883-6; "Essex," Asiatic 
Station, 1886-9 ; commanded a party of twenty -five marines and bluejackets 
for ten days in Corea, as a protection to our minister and foreigners, and for 
this service was complimented by Admiral Chandler, in General Order 
No. 38, as follows : 

" General Order No. 38. | ,. Flag-ship " Brooklyn," 
vj.cuciax v^iuci .L w u I Yokohama, Japan, July 7, 1888. 

" The Commander-in-Chief desires to express his appreciation of the commendable 
conduct of the body of blue jackets and marines of the U. S. Steamer ' Essex,' Com- 
mander Theodore F. Jewell, commanding, in their forced march of thirty miles in twelve 
hours on June 19, 1888, under the immediate command of JAeutenant Q. D. Galloway, 
U. S. N., First-Lieutenant R. D. Wainwright, U. S. .M. C, and Ensign W. B. Hoggatl, 
U. S. N., from Chemulpo to Seoul, Corea, over a rough road, half of the march being 
made in the darkness of the night. The celerity of movement, combined with the steadi- 
ness of the men while employed on shore, reflects great credit upon the discipline and 
efficiency of the ' Essex.' as well as upon the United States Navy in general. This order 
will be read on board all vessels of the squadron at the first general muster after its 
receipt. " Ralph Chandler, Bear-Admiral, U. S. N., 

" Commanding U. S. Naval Force on Asiatic Station." 

Naval Academy, 1889 to July, 1892 ; monitor ' Miantonomah," from July, 
1892, to July, 1893 ; training-ship "Monongahela," July, 1893, to Decem- 
ber, 1893 ; at present waiting orders. 

Frederick Herbst Lefavor. — Appointed from Ohio. N. A., June, 
1866; 3Iidshipman, June, 1871; Endgn, July, 1872; Master, March, 1876 ; 
Junior Lieutenant, March, 1883; Lieutenant, July, 1883; "California," 
Pacific, 1871-3 ; Coast Survey, 1874-7 ; " Tuscarora," Pacific Station, 1877- 
81 ; " Ranger," Pacific Station, 1881-2 ; Coast Survey, 1882-4; Branch Hy- 



LIEUTENANTS. 207 

drographic Office, San Francisco, 1884-6 ; " Yantic," N. A. Station, 1886-8 ; 
" Pensacola," N. A. Station, 1888-9; Navy Yard, Mare Island, 1889-92 ; 
'• Monocacy," Asiatic Station, August, 1892, to date. 

Charles Alexander Foster. — Appointed from Minnesota. N. A., 
August, 1866 ; Midshipman, June 1871 ; Ensign, July, 1872 ; blaster, March, 
1876; Jimior Lieutenant, Murch, 1883; Lieutenant, August, 1883 ; "Cali- 
fornia," Pacific, 1871-3; Asiatic Station, 1875-7, "Tennessee," Asiatic 
Station, 1877-8; " Canonicus," N. A. Station, 1878-9; Navy Yard, Pensa- 
cola, 1879-83 ; " Lackawanna," Pacific Station, 1883 ; " Wacliusett," 
Pacific Station, 1883-5; Torpedo Station, 1885-6; R. S. "Minnesota," 
1886-8 ; "Omaha," Asiatic, 1888-9 ; "Monocacy," Asiatic Station, 1889-92 ; 
training-ship " Richmond," October, 1892, to January, 1893 ; school-ship 
" Enterprise," July, 1893, to date. 

William Elbridge Sewell. — Appointed from New York. N. A., Sep- 
tember, 1867 ; Midslnpuian, June, 1871 ; Ensign, July, 1872; Master, April 
1876; Junior Lieutenant, March, 1883; Lieutenant, October, 1 883 ; served 
on European and Home Stations in " Congress," " Wabash," " Plymouth " 
and '• Ticonderoga," 1871-4 ; Coast Survey, 1874-7 ; R. S. " Passaic," 1878 ; 
"Alaska," Pacific Station, 1878-80; "Alarm" (torpedo-boat), (part of time 
in command), 1881-2; Naval Observatory, 1882-3; " Ossipee," Asiatic 
Station, 1884-6; Naval Observatory, 1886-7; Navigator, Navy Yard, 
Mare Island, 1887, to April, 1891 ; "Petrel," Asiatic Station, April, 1891, 
to date. 

Henry McCrea, — Born and appointed from Indiana. Entered July 
24, 1866, and graduated from Naval School June, 1871; "Pensacola," 
Pacific Station, 1871-3; made Ensign July, 1872 ; recruiting duty at Chi- 
cago, 1873-4 ; on Home Station, 1874-7. Promoted to Master, July, 1876 ; 
Torpedo Station, 1878; "Richmond," Asiatic Station, 1878-81; Boston 
Navy Yard, 1882-3. Promoted to Lieutenant, November, 1883 ; " Shenan- 
doah," Pacific Station, 1883-6 ; Naval Academy, 1886-9 ; Intelligence 
Office, 1889-90 ; U. S. S. " Baltimore," 1890-3 ; Bureau of Ordnance, 
March, 1893, to date. 

Edward Francis Qualtrough.— Boni in Rochester, N. Y., 1850. Ap- 
pointed to Naval Academy, from New York, September 21, 1867 ; Midship- 
7nan, June 6, 1871 ; Ensign, July 14, 1872 ; Master, July 1, 1876 ; Lieutenant, 
November 24, 1883; flag-ship "Wabash," European Station, 1871-4; 
" Wachusett," West Indies, in 1874, during the Cuban trouble; "Despatch," 
special service in Europe, 1875-6 ; " Marion," European Station, 1877 ; flag- 
ship "Trenton," European Station, 1877-8; Naval Observatory, 1879-82; 
"Hartford," Pacific Station, 1882-5; during this cruise Lieutenant Qual- 
trough was for three weeks on a small coral island in charge of the naval 
portion of an astronomical expedition to make observations of the total solar 
eclipse in May, 1883 ; while there he made an accurate survey and chart of 
it, which was afterwards issued by the Hydrographic Office ; Mare Island 
Navy Yard, 1886-9, in charge of the Ordnance Department; "Charleston," 
Pacific and Asiatic Stations, March, 1890, to September, 1892 ; then Admiral 
Gherardi's squadron, for special service, from September, 1892, until March, 
1893, during which time he made an exhaustive report on the condition and 
armament of the defenses of Valparaiso, Chili ; May, 1893, to date, in charge 
of Ordnance Work in Office of Naval Intelligence, Navy Department. 
Lieutenant Qualtrough is the author of the Boat-Sailor's Manual, and the 
Sailor's Handy Book and Yachtsman's Manual. 

James Cephas Cresap. — Appointed from Ohio, June, 1867. Midship' 



208 LIEUTENANTS. 

man, June, 1871 ; European Station, on steamers " Wachusett," " Wabash," 
"Brooklyn," and "Shenandoah," 1871-4. Ensign, July, 1872; flag-ship 
"Richmond," S. P. Station, Aide to Flag-Officer X. Collins, 1874-5; store- 
ship "Supply," 1875; iron-clad steamer "Manhattan," N. A. Station, 187G. 
Master, September, 1876 ; steamers " Alliance " and " Enterprise," N. A. Sta- 
tion, 1877 ; flag-ship "Hartford," S. A. Station, Aide and Secretary to Flag- 
Otficer E. T. Nichols 1877-9; training-ship " ^linnesota," 1880-1 ; receiving- 
ship "Colorado," New York, 1881-2 ; Torpedo Station, 1882. Lieutenant, 
December, 1883; Naval Experimental Battery, in charge, 1883; Naval 
Academy (Uep't Mathematics), 1884-5 ; steamer " Mohican," Pacific Station, 
1885-8 ; assistant to U. S. Commissioner Bates at Samoa and Tonga, 1886 ; 
Naval Academy (Dep'ts English and Mathematics), 1889-92; training-ship 
"Jamestown," 1892; "Constellation," transporting European exhibits for 
World's Fair, 1892-3 ; protected cruiser " Baltimore." Naval Review Fleet, 
1893; flag-ship "Chicago," Eui'opean Station, 1893, to date. 

Asher Carter Baker. — Appointed from Iowa. Naval Academy, Sep- 
tember, is 67. Midshipman, June, 1871; Ensign, July, 1S~2 ; Master, De- 
cember, 1876; Junior Lieutenant, March, 1883 ; Lieutenant, January, 1884; 
" Wabash," Europe, 1871-3 ; " Brooklyn," South Atlantic Station, 1874-6 ; 
" Despatch" (^despatch-boat), 1877-9; Hydrographic Oflice, 1880-2 ; "Alba- 
tross," special service, 1882-5 ; "Juniata," 1885-6; "Iroquois," Pacific Sta- 
tion, 1886-8; Naval Academy, 1888-90; World's Columbian Exposition, 
November, 1890, to date. 

W^illiam Henry Hudson Southerland. — Born in New York, July 
10, 1852. Naval x\pprentice, 1867-8 ; entered Naval Academy, June 22, 
1868; Midshipman, June, 1872; Ensign, July, 1873; Master, November, 
1877; Junior Lieutenant, March, 1883; Lieutenant, February, 1884; '• Tus- 
carora," survey for inter-oceanic canal, landing party at Panama, deep-sea 
sounding cruise in North Pacific Ocean and Behring Sea. landing party at ' 
Honolulu during trouble attending accession of King Kalakaua, Samoan 
Islands with Special Commissioner Steiuberger, 1872-5 ; Naval Academy, 
Department of Mathematics, 1875-7 ; " Plymouth," N. A. Station. 1877-9 ; 
" Kearsarge," N. A. Station, 1879-81 ; special duty, Hydrographic Office, 
1881-4; established Branch Hydrographic Office, Phihidelphia, October, 
1884; "Dolphin," special service, 1884-5; "Brooklyn," N. A. Station, and 
on cruise to China, 1885-6 ; " Mouocacy," Asiatic Station, 1886-7 ; Flag- 
Lieutenant, Asiatic Station, 1887-8 ; " Brooklyn," Asiatic Station, 1888-9 ; 
Naval Intelligence Office, 1889-91 ; special duty in charge of the office of 
the Secretary, under the Assistant Secretary, July. 1891, to date. 

Lucien Young. — Born in Lexington, Kentucky, March 31, 1852. Ap- 
pointed to the Naval Academy as Midshipjiian from that State, June 21, 
1869; served on board the practice-ships '■ Dale," Savannah," and • Constel- 
lation;" graduated, May 31, 1873; July 23, 1873. ordered to the ''Alaska," 
fitting out at New York, and which soon joined the European Station ; 
special orders from the commanding officer of the "Alaska," and the admii^al 
commanding the squadron, and a general order from the Secretary of the 
Navy, were published, commendatory of extraordinary heroism in jumping 
overboard while under way at sea, and saving the life of a seaman who had 
been knocked overboard ; for this act, also, a gold medal of the first class was 
awarded by the New York Benevolent and Life-Saving Institution, and a 
framed certificate from the Humane Society of Massachusetts ; detached 
from the "Alaska," August 5, 1875, at Lisbon, and ordered to the " Hart- 
ford," and on the 16th of October, 1875, detached from the "Hartford" at 



LIEUTENANTS. 209 

Fort Monroe, and ordered to examination for promotion. Commissioned as 
Ensign, July 10, 1874; ordered to the " Powhatan," North Atlantic Station, 
December 10, 1875; detached from the '-Powhatan," February 29, 1876, 
and ordered to the " Huron ;" shipwrecked in the "Huron," oti' Nag's Head, 
N. C, November 24, 1877. For conduct on this occasion received letter of 
thanks from the Secretary of the Navy, a gold medal of the first chiss, under 
an Act of Congress, from the Life-Saving Service of the United States, a 
sword from the State of Kentucky by special resolution, made an honorary 
member of the Legislature of that State, was nominated by the President, and 
advanced, under a special Act of Congress, to the grade of Master. Com- 
missioned a Muster, from November 24, 1877 ; ordered to the "Portsmouth," 
March 17, 1878, and upon arrival at Havre, France, took charge of a squad 
of men for duty at the Universal Exposition at Paris, upon the completion of 
which rejoined the " Portsmouth," and served in her in the training squadron 
on return to the United States; detached from the "Portsmouth," April 5, 
1880, and ordered to the Bureau of Equipment and Recruiting, Navy 
Department, acting for awhile as Naval Aide to the Secretary of the Navy ; 
detached from the Bureau of Equipment and Recruiting, July 25, 1882, and 
ordered to the monitor 'Montauk;" detached from monitor, December 5, 
1882, and ordered to the " Kearsarge," North Atlantic Squadron; detached 
from the " Kearsarge " and ordered to the training-ship "Minnesota," May 
31, 1893. Commissioned Lieutenant (junior grade), March 3, 1883; de- 
tached from the " ]Minnesota," October 29, 1883, and oi'dered to duty in 
charge of men, and on arrival to duty in the Pacific Squadron was assigned 
as Executive of the "Onward;" transferred from the "Onward" to the 
"Shenandoah," October 17, 1884; took part in landing at Panama, to pro- 
tect American interests, in the spring of 1885 ; detached from the "Shenan- 
doah" at San Francisco, October 8, 1886, and ordered to Washington for 
examination for promotion. Commissioned Lieutenant, May 1, 1884 ; granted 
six months' leave of absence, December 6, 1866 ; ordered to torpedo service 
at Newport, R. I.. May 11, 1887, and to the Naval War College, August 30, 
1887 ; detached from War College, December 19, 1887, and ordered to duty 
in the Bureau of Navigation, assigned to the office of Naval War Records, 
where he remained until February, 1891 ; February 4, 1891, joined the 
"Boston," of the Squadron of Evolution, and when the Chilian troubles 
occurred the " Boston " was ordered to Valparaiso and assigned to the Pacific 
Squadron ; was in the Hawaiian Islands during the political crisis there, and 
when the revolution took place in Honolulu he commanded the artillery of 
the landing forces for the })rotection of American life and property; detached 
from the ' Boston " at Mare Island Navy Yard, November 4, 1893; assigned 
to duty in the War Record Office, Navy Department, December 16, 1893, 
to date. 

Jesse Mimms Roper. — Appointed from Missouri. N. A., June, 
18()8; ^ficlshijnnan, June, 1872; Evsir/n, July, 1873; Master, November, 
1877 ; Junior Lieutenant, March, 1883; Lieutenant, June, 1884; "Omaha," 
S. P. Station, 1872-5; ISTaval Academy, 1875-7; "Supply" (store-ship), 
1877-9 ; training-ship " Minnesota," 1879-82 ; " Wachusett," Pacific 
Station, 1882-5 ; special-duty, Navy Department, 1885-6 ; Naval Academy, 
1886-89 ; " Petrel," N. A. Station, November, 1889, to September, 1891 ; 
Naval Academy, September, 1891, to date. 

Charles Eben Fox. — Appointed at lai'ge. Naval Academy, June, 
1868, to June, 1872 ; Ensign, July, 1873 ; Master, November. 1877 ; Junior 
iyie(f<e»mn<, March, 1883 ; i/ieMfenaui, August, 1884; U. S. S. " Hartfoi'd," 

14 



210 LIEUTENANTS. 

Asiatic Station, 1872-5 ; Hydrographic Office, 1875-6; U. S. S. "Adams," 
1876-8 ; six mouths, North Athxntic Station, ; six months, South Atlantic 
Station ; six mouths. Pacific Station ; Coast Survey, 1878-9 ; U. S. S. " Nip- 
sic," European Station, 1879-82 ; Navy Department, 1883-4; Aide to the 
Admiral, 188-4-6; U. S. S. ''Iroquois," 1886-7; U. S. S. "Yaudalia," 
1887-9, Pacific Station ; Navy Department, 1889 ; Office Naval Intelligence, 
October, 1889, to December, 1892 ; " Baltimore," Asiatic Station, January, 
1893, to date. 

John Charles Fremont. — Appointed at large. N. A., June, 1868; 
Midshipman, June, 1872; Ensign, July, 1873; Master, November, 1877; 
Junior Lieiitenant, jMarch, 1883; Lieutenant, September, 1884; "Wabash," 
Euroi^e, 1872-4; "Powhatan," N. A. Station, 1876-8; special Light-House 
duty, 1878-81 ; Coast Survey, 1881-4 ; "Hartford," Pacific Station, 1884-6; 
Hvdrographic Office, 1886-8 ; Recorder Board of luspection, 1888-9 ; 
ordnance duty, Navy Yard, Washington, 1889-90 ; "Philadelphia," N. A. 
Station, July, 1890, to June, 1893 ; leave of absence, June, 1893, to Septem- 
ber, 1893 ; Assistant Superintendent of Harbor of New York, September, 
1893, to date. 

Albert Mertz. — Appointed from Wisconsin. N. A., June, 1867 ; Mid- 
shipman, June, 1872; Ensign, July, 1873; Master, November, 1877; Junior 
Lieutenant, March, 1883 ; Lieutenant, September, 1884 ; Asiatic Station, 
1872-6; Coast Survey, 1876-80; "Wvoming," N. A. Station, 1880-3; 
"Alliance," N. A. Station, 1883-5; "Omaha," Asiatic Station, 1885-6; 
•"Marion," Asiatic 'Station, 1886-8; R. S. " Minnesota," 1888, to Januarv, 
1891 ; " Yantic," S. A. Station, January, 1891, to December, 1893. 

Rogers Harrison Gait. — Appointed at large. N. A., June, 1868; 
Midshipman, June. 1872; E)islg)i, July, 1873; 3Iaster, December, 1877; 
Junior Lieutenant, March. 1883 ; i>ie?/fe««»/, November, 1884; " Tuscarora," 
Pacific Station, 1872-5 ; " Huron," N. A. Station, 1876-77 ; Coast Survey, 
1877-81 ; R. S. "Independence," 1881 ; "Pensacola," Pacific Station, 1881- 
83; "Hartford," Pacific Station, 1883-4; Midvale Steel Works. 1884-8 ; 
"Mohican," Pacific Station, 1888 to November, 1891 ; Naval Academy, 
November, 1891, to date. 

Downs Lorraine Wilson. — Appointed at large. N. A., July, 1867 ; 
Midshipman, June, 1871; Ensign, July, 1872; Master, September, 1876; 
Junior Lieuienaid, March, 1883; IJeute}iant, December, 1884; "Guard" 
(store-ship), 1877-8; Hydrographic Office, 1878-81 ; trainiug-ship " Ports- 
mouth," 1881-4 ; Hydrographic Office, 1884-6; Torpedo Station, 1886-7; 
"Marion," Asiatic Squadron, 1887-90 ; ordnance duty, Navy Yard, Wash- 
ington, September, 1890, to December, 1892; " Baltimore," Asiatic Station, 
January, 1893, to date. 

Oswin Welles Lowry. — Appointed from Ohio. N. A.. June, 1868 ; 
Midshipman, June, 1872; Ensign, July. 1873 ; Master, April, 1878; Junior 
Lieutenant, Mai'ch, 1883; Lieutenant. December, 1884; "Lancaster," S. A. 
Station, 1872-5; Coast Survey. 1875-7; "Frolic," S. A. Station, 1877-8 ; 
" Wyoming," European Station, 1878-9 ; '" Kearsarge," N. A. Station, 1881- 
84; Light-House duty. 1884-7; "Ranger," special service, 1887-90 ; waiting 
orders, October, 1890, to February, 1891 ; charge Branch Hydrograjthic 
Office, New York, February, 1891, to April, 1892 ; leave of absence, AjM-il, 
1892, to date. 

Vincendon Lazarus Cottman. — Appointed by Hon. Jas. Brooks, 
Seventh District. New York City. Entered Naval Academy, Septeml)er 21, 
1868; graduated, June 1, 1872; Ensign,, July 15, 1873; Master, May 9, 



LIEUTENANTS. 211 

1878; Lieutenant, January 8, 1885; " Tuscarora," 1872-5; deep-sea sound- 
ing in Pacific, landing party, Panama, 1873 ; landing party, Honolulu, 
1874; Samoa with Steinberger, Latrobe, etc., 1875; " Colorado," receiving- 
shij), New York, 1875-6 ; "Supply," training-squadron, 1876; "Alliance," 
European Station, 1877-80; receiving-ship "Colorado," 1880-1; "Rich- 
mond," Asiatic Station, 1881-2; " Monocacy," Asiatic Station, 1882-4; 
"Richmond," Asiatic Station, 1884; Branch Hydiographic Office, New 
York, 1885-9; in charge New York Nautical School-ship "St. Mary's," as 
Senior Instructor and Navigator, 1889; Secretary International Marine 
Conference, 1889-90 ; special duty Navy Department, November, 1890, to 
February, 1891 ; " Concord," N. A. Station, February, 1891, to date. 

Oren Earl Lasher. — Appointed from New York. Naval Academy, 
September, 1868; Midshipman, June, 1872; Ensign, July, 1873; Master, 
July, 1878; Junior Lieutenant, March, 1883; Lieutenant, March, 1885; 
Asiatic Station, 1872-5 ; " Vandalia," Europe, 1876-7 ; " Despatch " (despatch- 
boat), 1877-9 ; " Alliance," special service, 1881-5 ; Navy Yard, Norfolk, 
1885-6; commanding tug " Fortune," 1886-9; training-ship " Jamestown," 
1889, to February, 1892; charge of Branch Hydrographic Office, Portland, 
Oregon, February, 1892, to April, 1893 ; waiting orders, April, 1893, to date. 

Frank Ezra Sawyer. — Appointed from Massachusetts. Naval Acad- 
emy, September, 18(58 ; Midshipiaan, June, 1872 ; Ensign, July, 1873 ; Master, 
July, 1878 ; Lieutenant (junior grade), March, 1883 ; Lieutenant, June, 1885; 
" Hartford," Asiatic Station, 1872-5 ; '• Richmond," South Pacific, 1876-7 ; 
R. S. "Franklin," 1877-8; Coast Survey, 1878-80; "Ashuelot," Asiatic 
Station, 1880-2 ; R. S. " Wabash," 1882-3 ; "Swatara," North Atlantic Sta- 
tion, 1883-6; Hydrographic Office, 1886-8; "Swatara," 1888-9; "Rich- 
mond," South Atlantic Station, 1889-90 ; World's Columbian Exposition, 
December, 1890, to October, 1892; "Thetis," special service, October, 1892, 
to date. 

William Henry Schuetze. — Appointed from Missouri. Naval Acad- 
emy, June, 1867; Midshipman, May, 1873; Ensign, July, 1874; Master, 
November, 1878 ; Junior Lieutenant, March, 1883 ; Lieutenant, October, 1885 ; 
Atlantic Station, 1874-5; " Monongahela," 1876-7; "Michigan," North- 
western Lakes, 1877-8; "Powhatan," North Atlantic Station, 1878-9; 
"Tennessee," North Atlantic Station, 1879-81 ; special duty, Siberia, 1882-5 ; 
special duty. State Department, 1885-6 ; Navy Department, 1886-7 ; Super- 
intendent of Compasses, 1888-9; "Chicago," Squadron of Evolution, 1889, 
to November, 1892 ; leave of absence, November, 1892, to January, 1893 ; 
special duty, Navy Department, January, 1893, to date. 

Thomas Benton Howard.— Born in Illinois. Appointed "at large;" 
Naval Academy, June. 1869, to May 31, 1873; Ensign, July, 1874; Master, 
June, 1879 ; Junior Lieutenant, March, 1883 ; Lieutenant, November, 1885 ; 
"Alaska" and " Wabash," European Station, 1873-4; "Wabash," at Key 
West, 1874; "Franklin," European Station, 1874-5; Naval Academy, 
1876-8; "Plymouth," North Atlantic, 1878-9; " Kearsarge," North Atlan- 
tic, 1879-81 ; practice-ship " Dale," 1881 ; Naval Academy, 1881-4 ; practice- 
ship " Dale," 1883 ; " Saratoga," training-squadron, 1884-7 ; Naval Academy, 
1887-90; ("Constellation," 1887 and 1.S89) ; U. S. S " Bennington," Squad- 
ron of Evolution and South Atlantic Station, 1891-2-3; caravel "Pinta,'' 
September, 1892, to March, 1893 (from Barcelona to Havana) ; " Benning- 
ton," Naval Review ; " Miantouomah," N. A. Station, July, 1893, to date. 

^Valte^ Cleveland Cowles. — Appointed from Connecticut. N. A., 
September, 1869 ; Midshipman, May, 1873 ; Ensign, July. 1874 ; Master, 



212 LIEUTENANTS. 

August, 1879; Junior Lieutenant, Mai'ch, 1883; Liexitenani, December, 
1885 ; Atlantic Station, 1873-5 ; " Trenton," Asiatic Station, 1875-9 ; train- 
ing-ship " Constellation," 1879-80; Hydrographic Office, 1880-2; " Kear- 
sarge," European Station, 1882-5; Navy Yard, Washington, 1885-6; 
Inspector of Steel, new cruisers, 1886-7 ; Navy Yard, Washington, 1887-9 ; 
"Kearsarge," N. A. Station, 1889-90; Inspector Steel Armor, October, 
1890, to November, 1893; waiting orders since November, 1893. 

Austin Melvin Knight. — Appointed from Florida N. A., June, 
1869 ; Muhhipman, May, 1873 ; Ensign, July, 1874; 3Ia.^ier, October. 1879; 
Junior Lieutenant, JNIarch, 1883 ; Lieutenant, December, 1885 ; Pacific 
Station, 1872-5 ; Naval Academy, 1876-8 ; " Quinnebaug," Europcsan 
Station, 1878-9 , " Galena," European Station, 1880-3 ; Naval Academy, 
1883-5; ordnance duty, Annapolis, 1885-9 ; " Chicago," Squadron of Evo- 
lution, 1889, to June, 1892 ; Naval Academy, June, 1892, to date. 

Charles Johnston Badger. — Born August 6, 1853. Appointed "at 
large " to N. A., June 1869. Graduated Midshipman, May, 1873. Com- 
missioned En><ign, July, 1874. Commissioned Master, November, 1879. 
Commissioned Lieutenant (junior grade), JNIarch, 1883. Commissioned Lieit- 
tenant, January, 1886 ; September, 1873, to July, 1875, U. S. S. " Narra- 
ganset," survey of Gulf of California ; October, 1875, to December, 1875, 
Navy Yard, Washington ; January, 1876, to July, 1876, U. S. torpedo- 
steamer, " Alarm ; " September, 1876, to November, 1879, Asiatic Station, 
serving on board " Ashuelot," " Alert," " Monocacy " and " Monongahela; " 
December, 1879, to April, 1880, special duty. Bureau of Navigation; Ajiril, 
1880, to August, 1881, Coast Survey steamers '-Endeavor" and "A. D. 
Bache;" September, 1881, to September, 1882, U. S. S. " Yantic," N. 
Atlantic Station ; October, 1882, to January, 18S4, Navy Yard, Boston ; 
January, 1884, to March, 1884, Fish Coramij^sio'n steamer, "Fish Hawk;" 
April, 1884, to November, 1884, Executive of the IT. S. S. "Alert," of the 
Greely Relief Expedition of that yeai-. For participation in this expedition, 
received, by name, with the other officers and men from Maryland, the 
thanks of that State as tendered in joint resolutions of the Senate and 
House of Delegates, assembled at Anna])olis ; November, 1884, to April, 
1885, ordnance duty, Navy Yard. Washington; April and INIay, 1885, 
attached to the U. S. S. " Tennessee," Avhile serving with the expeditionary 
force sent to the Isthmus of Panama ; October, 1885, to May, 1889, U. S. S. 
" Bi'ooklyn," Asiatic Station; ordnance duty. Navy Yard, Washington, 
August, 1889, to November, 1892 ; "Dolphin," N. A. Station, November, 
1892. to date. 

Samuel Willaner Black Diehl. — Appointed from Pennsylvania to 
Naval Academy, September, 1869, as Mi(Uhip)uan ; Midshijiinan, May, 
1873 ; Ensign, July, 1874 : Master, November, 1879 ; Junior Lieutenayd, 
March, 1883 ; I/ieutenant, January, 1886 ; European Station, " Alaska," 
" Wabash " and " Congress," 1873-5 ; North Atlantic Station, " Vaudalia " 
and "Congress," 1876-8; Hydrographic Office, 1878-9 ; South Atlantic 
Station, "Marion," 1879-82; Bureau of Navigation, 1883-4 ; Torpedo 
Station, 1884 ; Bureau of Navigation. 1884-6 ; special service, U. S. S. 
" Boston," 1887-9 ; Bureau of Equipment and Recruiting as Superintendent 
of Compasses, 1889, to July, 1893 ; " Detroit," S. A. Station, July, 1893, to 
date. 

Reginald Fairfax Nicholson. — Appointed from District of Columbia 
to Naval Academy, September. 1869; Midshipiiian, May, 1872; Ensign. 
July, 1874; Master^ January, 1880; Lieutenant (junior grade), March, 1883; 



LIEUTENANTS. 213 

Lietitenant, January, 1880 ; signal office, 1878 ; ■' Powhatan," IST. A. Station, 
1875-7; ordnance "duty. Navy Yard, Washington, 1877-8; "Portsmouth" 
(training-ship), 1878-82; Hydrographic Office, 1882-5; "Mohican," Pacific 
Station, 1885-8 ; ordnance duty. Navy Yard, Washington, 1888, to Hepteni- 
her, 1892 ; Union Iron Works, San Francisco, September, 1892, to February, 
1893; "Monterey," Pacific Station, February, 1893, to date. 

Samuel Conrad Lemly. — Appointed from North Carolina to be a Mld- 
shipuiitii in the navy at the Naval Academy, June 26, 1869 ; graduated. May 
31, 1873, and detached from Naval Academy and wait orders; ordered to 
the U. S. S. " Monongahela," September 6, 1873, and cruising in that vessel 
on South Atlantic Station and in Indian Ocean until October 25, 1875, when 
detached, ordereil home and wait orders. Promoted to Emiqn, from July 16, 
1874 ; U. S. monitor " Catskill," North Atlantic Station, February 18 to July 
3, 1876, when detached and placed on waiting orders ; ordered to the " Hart- 
ford," flag-ship. North Atlantic Station, November 24,1876, and temporarily 
from that vessel to the U.S. monitor " Wyandotte," at Hampton Roads, Va., 
until January 15, 1877, when transferred to the U. S. S. "Essex ;" cruising 
in the "Essex," on the North Atlantic Station, until October 16, 1879, when 
detached and placed on waiting orders; to duty in Nautical Almanac Office, 
January 13, 1880. Promoted to Master, P'ebruary 24, 1880; detached from 
Nautical Almanac Office, January 3, 1881, and to the " Pah)s," Asiatic Sta 
tion, per steamer from New York of January 5 ; engaged on special duty in 
determining secondary meridians of longitude in Japan, China, and India, 
from April 19, 1881, to March 27, 1882, when detached, ordered to return to 
the United States and wait orders; to the Bureau of Navigation, Navy De- 
partment, for s[)ccial duty in the Office of the Judge iVdvocate General of 
the Navy, May 29, 1882 ; detached from duty in the Navy Department and 
to special duty (general coui't-martial) on board the " Richmond," flag-ship, 
Asiatic Station, March 19, 1883, per steamer of 29tii of that month from San 
Francisco; title changed to Lieutenant (Junior Grade), March 3, 18>i3 ; de- 
tached from " Richmond," Asiatic Station, and to duty in Office of the Judge 
Advocate General of the Navy, June 2, 1883 ; ordered to the U. S. S. " The- 
tis," March 25, 1884, and attached to that vessel during the Greely Relief 
Expedition of 1884 ; detached from U. S. S. " Thetis," and to duty in the 
Office of the Judge Advocate General of the Navy, October 20, 18S4. Pro- 
moted to Lieutenant, January 20, 1886 ; detached from the Office of the 
Judge Advocate General of the Navy, February 8, 1886, and ordered to the 
U. S. S. " Vandalia," fitting for sea at the Navy Yard, Portsmouth, N. H. ; 
detached from the U. S. vS. "Vandalia," March 8, 1886, and to special duty 
in the Office of the Judge Advocate General of the Navy, and March 16 of 
same year to temporary special duty (general court-martial) on board the U. 
S. S. " Omaha," flag-ship, Asiatic Station. Commissioned Lieutenant, April 
22, 1886, to date from January 20 of that year ; to special duty in the Office 
of the Judge Advocate General of the Navy, June 24, 1886 ; detached May 
9, 1887, and ordered to the U. S. S. "Trenton," nmking a voyage in that 
vessel from Norfolk, Va., to Rio do Janeiro, Brazil, and return to New York ; 
detached from U. S. S. "Trenton," January 2, 1889, and ordered to the U. 
S. S. " Enterprise," in which vessel cruised on the European Station until 
May 16, 1890, when detached at New York and placed on waiting orders; 
to special duty in the Office of the Judge Advocate General of the Navy, 
June 21, 1890, and to duty in that Office August 4 of same year; placed 
temporarily in charge of the Office of the Judge Advocate (general of the 
Navy, June 17, 1891 ; ordered to report for duty at Naval Academy, Sep- 



214 LIEUTENANTS. 

tember 1, 1891, but never reported, haviuo- been commissioned, under date of 
July 19, 1892. as Judge Advocate General of the Navy, with the rank of Cap- 
tain in the Xavv, from June 5 of that year. 

Edmund Beardsley Underwood.— Appointed "at hu-ge." Naval 
Academy. June, 1869; Midshipman, ^lay. 1872; En-sign, July, 1874; 
Master, March, 1880; Junior Lieutenant, March, 1883; Lieutenant, Feb- 
ruary, 1886; Atlantic Station, 1872-6; " Monongahela," 1876-7; "Michi- 
gan," Northwestern Lakes, 1877-9 ; " Peusacola," Pacific Station, 1881-4 ; 
.Hydrographic Office, 1884-6; Training Squadron. 1886-7; " Quinnebaug," 
European Station, 1887-9; Naval Academy, 1889, to June, 1892; " Yan- 
tic," S. A. Station, June, 1892, to date. 

William Frederick Halsey. — Api^ointed from Louisiana. Naval 
Academy, September, 1869; Midshipman, May, 1872 ; £'».^/(/w, July, 1874 ; 
J/«.s-^er, March, 1880; Junior Lieutenant, March., 1883; Lieutenant, March, 
1886; Atlantic Station, 1872-6; "Alert,"' Asiatic Station, 1876-9; R. S. 
"Independence," 1881-2; "Iroquois," Pacific Station, 1882-5; Branch 
Hydrographic Office, New York, 1885-8 ; "Ranger," special service, 1888, 
to September, 1891 ; Naval Academy, September, 1891, to date. 

Frank Adams Wilner. — Appointed from New York. June 22, 1869 ; 
graduated. May 31. 1873 ; Ensign, July 16, 1874 ; 2Iaster, March 25, 1880 ; 
Jjieutenant (junior grade), March 3, 1883; Lieutenant, May 13, 1886; 
"Alaska," Eviropean'Station, August 5, 1873, to October 13, 1873 ; " \A^a- 
bash," Key AVest, October 13, 1873, to April 1, 1875 ; "Congress," Euro- 
pean Station, April 1, 1874, to August 26, 1875; "Hartford," return to 
United States, August 26, 1874, to October 16, 1875 ; " Vandalia," European 
Station, Januarv 10, 1876, to February 5, 1879 ; Nautical Almanac Office, 
May 21, 1879, to March 15, 1880 ; U. S. S. " Constellation," March 17, 1880, 
to June 12, 1880, Irish Relief Cruise ; U. S. R. S. " Passaic," July 15, 1880, 
to December 13, 1880, Washington Yard ; Coast Survey, December 15, 1880, 
to September 25, 1883 ; in charge Hvdrographic partv on schooner " Silli- 
man," December 9, 1882, to Jutv 1, 1883 ; Coast Survev Office, Julv 2, 1883, 
to September 25, 1883; U. S. S.' "Alert," Asiatic Station. October 20, 1883, 
to September 25, 1886 ; Naval Ordnance Proving Ground, Januarv 3, 1887, 
to April 22, 1890 ; " Essex," S. A. Station, April 22. 1890, to June 8, 1893 ; 
Inspector of Armor, Homestead Steel Works, June 8, 1893, to date. 

Frederick Halsey Tyler. — Appointed from Michigan. Naval Acad- 
emy, June 1868; Midshipman, May. 1872 ; Ensign, July, 1874; Master, 
June, 1880; Junior Lieutenant, March, 1883; Lieutenant, M-a.y, 1SS(); At- 
lantic Station, 1872-6; " Swatara," N. A. Station, 1877-8 ; " Marion." Paci- 
fic Station, 1878-9; training-ship "Saratoga," 1880-1; "Nipsic," S. A. Sta- 
tion, 1883-5; Navy Yard, Norfolk, 1886-8; " Yantic," N. A. Station, 
1888-9; training ship "Portsmouth," 1889, to November, 1892; Navy 
Yard, Norfolk, November, 1892, to date. 

Henry Morrell. — Born in New York. Entered Naval Academv, June 
29, 1869; graduated, .Alay 31, 1872. Promoted Ensign, July 16', 1874; 
Master, October 11, 1880; Lieutenant (junior grade), March 3, 1883; Lieu- 
tenant, May 23, 1886 ; "Alaska," European Station, 1875-6 ; "Adams," N. 
A. Station," 1876-9 ; Coast Survey, 1879-83 ; "Alert," Asiatic Station, 1883- 
84; " Monocacy," Asiatic Station, 1884-6; ordnance dutv. Navy Yard, 
Washington, 1886-7; Bureau Ordnance, 1887-90 ; "Adams," S. A. Station, 
August, 1890, to November, 1893 ; Navy Yard, New York, November, 1893, 
to date. 



LIEUTENANTS. 215 

V^illiam Winder. — Bom in Portsmouth, N. H., September 18, 1851. 
Appointed to Naval Academy, 1869 ; a})pointed Midshipman, INIay 31, 
1872; U. S. 8. '"Independence." 1873; "Richmond," Pacific Squadron, 
1873-4. Commissioned Ensign, July 16, 1874 ; " Marion," N. A. Squadron, 
November, 1875, to February, 1876 ; "Hartford," N. A. Squadron, Feb., 
1876, to April, 1876; "Dictator," N. A. Squadron, April, 1876, to May, 
1877; Torpedo Station. June, 1877, to October, 1877; "Colorado," receiving- 
ship, N. Y., October, 1877, to March, 1878; " Constellation," special duty, 
]\Iarch to July, 1878 ; "Wabash," receiving-ship Boston, August, 1878, to 
January, 1871) ; " Vandalia," N. A. Station, January, 1879, to September, 
1879: '"'Marion," N. A. Station. September, 1879, to September, 1883. 
Commissioned Master, November 23, 1880 ; " Wabash, ' Boston, September, 
1883. Commissioned Lieutenant, (junior grade), March 3,1883; Tor])edo 
Station, April, 1884-5; "Omaha," China Station. 1885; " Marion," China 
Station, 18b6. Commissioned Lieutenant, Mav 23, 1886 ; "Wabash," Boston, 
1888, to June, 1890; Coast Survey, June, 1890 ; " Newark," N. A. Station, 
1891; '• Kearsarge," N. A. Station, 1892, to September, 1893 ; at present on 
Tjeave of Absence. 

Charles Brainard Taylor Moore, — Born in Illinois. Entered Naval 
Academy, September 27, 18(^9 ; graduated, May 31, 1872. Promoted 
Ensign, July 16, 1874; Master, December 14, 1880; Lieutenant (junior 
grade), JMarch 3. 1883 ; Lieutenant, August 5, 1886 ; "Alaska," European 
Station, 1873 ; " Pensacola," North Pacific Station, 187-1-6 ; training-ship 
" Monongahela," 1876; "Essex," South Atlantic Station, 1877-9; "On- 
ward," store-ship, 1881-3 ; " Galena," North Atlantic Station, 1883-5 ; 
Navy Yard, Boston, 1885 ; " Alert," Asiatic Station, 1886-89 ; Naval 
Academy, February, 1890, to July, 1893; " Newark," S. A. Station, July, 
1893, to date. 

Ten Eyck De Witt Veeder. — Born in New York. Entered Naval 
Academy, Se])tember 24, 1868 ; graduated, May 31, 1873. Promoted 
Ensign, July 16, 1874; Master, January 1, 1881; Lieutenant (junior grade), 
March 3, 1883; Ljieutenant, October 7, 1886; " Tuscarora," deep-sea sound- 
ing. Pacific Station, 1873-5; "Vandalia." European Station, 1876-77; 
'•Alliance," European Station, 1877-80; Torpedo Station, 1880-1 ; "Rich- 
mond," " Palos " and " Ashuelot," Asiatic Station, 1881-4; on board 
"Ashuelot" when wrecked -on Larnock Rocks, Formosa Channel; Navy 
Yard, AVashington, 1884; special duty. Electric Lighting, Bureau of Navi- 
gation, 1885-9 ; Bureau of Equipment, Electric Lighting, 1890 ; " Enter- 
prise, July 1, 1890; " Yorktown," Squadron of Evolution, August, 1890, to 
May, 1893 ; Bureau of Equipment, July, 1893, to date. 

Alfred Reynolds. — Born in Virginia. Entered Naval Academy. Sep- 
tember 21, l'S69; graduated. May 31, 1872. Promoted jEns/f/^;, July 16, 
1874; January 1, 1881; Lieutenant (junior grade), March 3, 1883; Lieu- 
tenant, November 9, 1886; " Narraganset, " Pacific Station, 1873-6; 
" Ranger," Asiatic Station, 1877-80 ; ordnance duty. Navy Yard, New 
York, 1880-1; "Alliance," N. A. Station, 1882-5; Navy Yard, Washing- 
ton, 1885-7 ; "Swatara," S. A. Station, 1888, to January, 1891 ; Navy Yard, 
Washington, March, 1891, to date. 

John Marshall Robinson. — Born in New York: Appointed (" at 
large") Midshipinan, June 23,1869; graduated. May 31, 1873. Promoted 
Ensign, July 16, 1874 ; Master, January 2, 1881 ; Lieutenant (junior grade), 
March 3, 1883; Lieutenant, December 13, 1886. "Pensacola," '-Omaha" 
and " Sarranac," South and North Pacific Stations, September, 1873, to 



216 LIEUTENANTS. 

August, 1875; monitor "Passaic," N. A. Station, January to July, 1876; 
"Yantic," '■ Palos " and "Alert," Asiatic Station, September, 1876, to April, 
1879; "Michigan," N. W. Lakes, July, 1879, to November, 1881 ; Hydro- 
graphic Office, November, 1881, to November, 1882 ; " Kearsarge," N. A. 
and European Stations, November, 1882, to November, 1885 ; R. S. " Minne- 
sota," New York, February, 1886, to July, 1887 ; Inspector of Steel, new 
cruiser " Pittsburgh," July, 1887, to April, 1888 ; " Richmond," S. A. Sta- 
tion, December, 1888, to September, 1890; "Atlanta," Squadron of Evolu- 
tion, September, 1890, to October, 1891 ; Hydrographic Office, December, 
1891, to' date. 

George Henry Peters. — Born in Pennsylvania. Entered Naval 
Academy, June 23, 1870 ; graduated, June 1, 1874. Promoted Ensign, 
July 17, 1875 ; Master, January 10, 1881 ; Lieutenant, (junior grade), March 
3, 1883 ; Lieutenant, December 14, 1886; "Richmond," S. P. Station, 1874- 
76; Coast Survey, 1877-80; training-ship "Constitution," 1881-2; '-Des- 
patch," special surveying service, 1882 ; special duty. Bureau of Navigation, 
1882-4 ; " Powhatan," special duty, 1884-5 ; Coast Survey Office, and com- 
manding difierent C. S. vessels, in immediate charge of the " Coast Pilot " 
work on the Atlantic coast of U. S., 1885-8 ; Squadron of Evolution, 1888 
to April, 1891 ; Naval Intelligence Office, May, 1891, to date. 

Bradley Allan Fiske. — Entered Naval Academy, September 22, 1870; 
graduated Naval Academy, second in class. May 30, 1874 ; served in U. S. 
S. " Pensacola," "Plymouth," "Powhatan," "Saratoga," "Minnesota," 
" Brooklyn," " Atlanta," " Yorktown " and " San Francisco ; " invented boat 
detaching and attaching apparatus in 1878 ; invented electric log in 1879 ; 
invented rotary breech-loader in 1882 ; wrote " Electricity and Electrical 
Engineering," in 1882 (this book in the 10th edition in 1893) ; elected mem- 
ber International Electrical Congress, 1884 ; invented electric ammunition 
hoist in 1886 ; invented electric training-gear for guns in 1886 ; invented 
electric steering-gear for ships in 1886 ; invented electric range-finder in 1888 ; 
invented electric position-finder in 1889 ; invented telescopic sight for ships' 
guns in 1889 ; invented automatic pneumatic machine gun in 1889; invented 
electric engine-room telegraph in 1890 ; invented electric range indicator in 
1891 ; invented mast-head sextant in 1891 ; invented electric telescopic gun- 
director in 1892 ; elected Member of International Electrical Congress in 
1893; invented electric depression position-finder in 1893; received Elliott 
Cresson gold medal from Franklin Institute in 1893. 

Frank Huntington Holmes. — Born in Massachusetts. Entered Naval 
Academy, June 29, 1870 ; graduated, June 1, 1874. Promoted Ensign, July 
17, 1875 ; Master, February 24, 1881 ; Lieutenant, (junior grade), March 3, 
1883]; Lieutenant, January 29, 1887 ; " Pensacola," North Pacific Station, 
1874-6 ; receiving-ship " Independence," 1876 ; nautical school-ship "James- 
town," 1877-8; receiviae--ship "Independence," 1879; "Alert," Asiatic 
Station, 1879-82; Naval "Academy, 1882-5; "Brooklyn." North Atlantic 
and Asiatic Stations, 1885-9 ; Electric Light duty, Boston, Mass., August, 
1889, to May, 1893 ; "Baltimore," Asiatic Station, "May, 1893, to date. 

John William Stewart. — Naval Academv and Practice Cruises, Sep- 
tember, 1870, to June, 1874 ; U. S. S. " Plyiiiouth," N. Atlantic Station, 
October, 1874, to March, 1875 ; U. S. flag-ship "Tennessee," Asiatic Station, 
May, 1.S75, to September, 1876. Promoted Ensign, July, 17, 1875; U.S. 
receiving-ship "Wyoming," Washington Navy Yard, JNIarch, 1877, to No- 
vember, 1877; U. S. S. "Enterprise," N. Atlantic Station, November, 1877, 
to June, 1878; U.S. Coast Survey, August, 1878, to August, 1881. Pro- 



LIEUTENANTS. 217 

moted Master, March 12, 1881 ; U. S. S. " Despatch," Surveying Samana 
Bay, December, 1881, to June, 1882; Nautical Ahnanac Office, September, 
1882, to June, 1883. Promoted Lieutenant (junior grade), March o, 1883; 
U. S. S. "Pinta," special service, and in Alaska, June, 1883, to October, 
1886 ; Nautical Almanac Office, January, 1887, to May, 1889. Promoted 
Lieutenant, March 1, 1887 ; Torpedo Station, Newport, May, 1889, to Sep- 
tember, 1889 ; U. S. S. " Yantic," N. Atlantic Station, September, 1889, to 
August, 1890; U. S. S. " Kearsarge," N. Atlantic Station, August, 1890, to 
October, 1891; U. S, S. "Thetis," Surveying Pacific, December, 1891, to 
October, 1892 ; Office Naval Intelligence, from February, 1893 to date. 

Lucian Flynne. — Born in Alabama. Entered Naval Academy, Sep- 
tember 22, 1870; graduated, June 1, 1874. Promoted Ensign, July 17, 
1875 ; Lieutenant (junior grade), March 3, 1883 ; Lientenant, January 29, 
1887 ; Asiatic Station, 187-1-6 ; "Canonicus," North Atlantic Station, 1877-8 ; 
" Vandalia," 1879-80 ; Coast Survey, 1881-5 ; training-ship " Portsmouth," 
1885-8; special duty, electric lights, 1888 to June, 1892; commanding 
Coast Survey Steamer " Gedney," June, 1892, to date. 

John Frederick Parker. — -Born in Ohio. Entered Naval Academy, 
September 29, 1870; graduated, June 1, 1874. Promoted Ensign, July 17, 
1875 ; 3Iaster, May 17, 1881 ; Lieutenant (junior grade), March 3, 1883 ; 
Lieutenant, April 21, 1887; "Plymouth," North Atlantic Station, 1874; 
" Tennessee," Asiatic Station, 1875-6 ; " Constellation," Paris Exposition, 
1877-8 ; " Enterprise," European Station, 1879-82 ; Naval Academy, 
1882-5 ; " Adams," Pacific Station, 1885-9 ; Secretary Berlin Samoan Com- 
mission, 1889 ; Recorder Board of Organization, 1889, to February, 1891 ; 
Aide to President, February, 1891, to March, 1893 ; Bureau of Naviq:ation, 
March, 1893, to August, 1893 ; "New York " S. A. Station, August,^ 1893, 
to date. 

Hamilton Hutchins. — Born in New Hampshire. Entered Naval 
Academy, June 23, 1870 ; graduated, June 1, 1874. Promoted Ensign, 
Julv 17, 1875 ; Master, May 22, 1881 ; Lieutenant (junior grade), March 3, 
1883 ; Lieutenant, May 21, 1887 ; " Colorado," N. A. Station, 1874 ; " Wor- 
cester," N. A. Station, 1874 ; " Hartford," N. A. Station, 1875-6 ; " Tren- 
ton," European Station, 1877-9 ; '' Constellation," special service, 1879-80 ; 
R. S. '^ Passaic," 1880-1 ; Navy Yard, Norfolk, 1881-2; " Hartford," Pacific 
Station, 1882-5 ; Navy Yard, New York, 1886; Torpedo Station, 1886-8 ; 
" Boston," Squadron of Evolution, 1889-90 ; Assistant to Inspector of 
Electric Lights, October, 1890, to June 1892; training-ship "Portsmouth," 
June. 1892 to date. 

John Marshall Bowyer. — Born in Indiana. Appointed from Iowa. 
Entered Naval Academy, September 28, 1870 ; graduated, 1874. Promoted 
Ensign, Julv 17, 1875; Master, Mav 28, 1881 ; Lieutenant (junior grade), 
March 3, 1883 ; Lieutenant, May 26, 1887 ; " Powhatan," 1874 ; " Frank- 
lin," "Juniata" and "Alaska," European Station, 1875-6; training-ship 
" Monongahela," 1877 ; " Michigan," Northwestern Lakes, 1877-80 ; R. S. 
"Independence," 1880-1; " Wachusett," Pacific Station, 1881-4; "Michi- 
gan," Northwestern Lakes, 1884-7; instruction in torpedo service, 1887-8; 
"Omaha." Asiatic Station, 1888 to June, 1891 ; Naval Academy, September, 
1891, to date; practice-ship "Constellation," summer cruise, 1893. 

John Charles Colwell. — Born at Carlisle, Pennsylvania, Aug. 10, 1856. 
Appointed to Naval Academy as a Midshipman, at large, Feb. 13, 1870. 

Extract from proceedings of a meeting of citizens of Anne Arundel 
County, Maryland, January 25, 1873 : 



218 LIEUTENANTS. 

" Re>iolved, That we acknowledge with heartfelt gratitude the very courageous manner 
" in which Midshipman John C. Colwell, of the U. S. Naval Academy, went to the rescue 
"of our esteemed fellow-citizen * * * who broke through the ice while crossing the 
"Severn River on the niglit of the 13th of January. 

" Eesolved, That we look upon the conduct of Mr. Colwell as one of the most merito- 
"rious acts which has ever come under our knowledge, for which we take this method of 
" making our acknowledgment." 

Extract from General Order No. 17, dated January 31, 1873: 
"The motive that prompted * * * is deserving all commendation, and the 
"Superintendent feels the greatest gratification in thus publicly ackuovvledging his 
"admiration for the gallantry displayed upon that trying occasion. * * * No deed 
"of heroism is more worthy of praise than that unselfish kind wliere oue places in 
"serious jeopardy his own life in behalf of a suffering fellow-man. * * * Young 
" lives upon wliose opening pages such instances of true courage and humanity are writ- 
" ten, give the best ground for a reasonable hope that they will bear an alnmdance of 
"fruit to the honor of the country they serve. The Superintendent will take pleasure in 
" bringing to tlie notice of the Department the wortliy conduct of Cadet Midshipman 
"Colwell * * * in the coniident belief that the gallant act will not be passed by 
'' without further recognition. (»Signed) "John L. Worden, 

" Rear Admiral and Supt. N. A." 

Extract from letter of Navy Departmeut, dated February 10, 1873: 

" ****** ^Q express * * * to Cadet Midshipman Colwell * * * 
" the thanks of the Navy Department for, and my admiration of. the heroic conduct." 

(Signed) "George M. Robeson, 

" Secretary of the Navy." 

Graduated No. 10 from Naval Academy, May 30, 1874; on flag-ships 
"Hartford," " Palos," and " Kear.«arge," Asiatic Station, 1874-6. Commis- 
sioned Endg)i, July 17,1875; on training-ship "Constitution," 1877 ; ship 
"Guard," establishing longitudes on coast of Brazil, by sub-marine cables, 
1877-9; Coast Survey service, 1879-80, schooner " Drift " on sea currents 
work in Gulf of Mexico, schooner " Silliman " on hydrograjihic survey on 
coast of Maine, and steamer " Gedney " on coast of Texas ; " Yantic," North 
Atlantic Station, 1880-3. Commissioned Ma-it er, June 1, 1881, and Lieii- 
tenant (junior grade), March 3, 1883 ; on sealing steamer "Proteus," second 
Greely Relief Expedition under War Department, 1883, the only naval 
oflicer on board; after " Proteus " was sunk by ice north of Cape Sabine, 
made passage in a whale boat, with a crew of six men of the U. S. Army, of 
930 miles to Disco in South Greenland, where U. S, S. " Yantic " was met, 
and taken back north for the rest of the expedition, all getting home the 
same year. 

Extract from published official report of Commander F. Wildes, U. S. N , 
commanding " Yantic," dated September 17, 1883 : 

"Lieutenant Colwell, six men and an Eskimo, arrived in the harbor (Oodhaven Disco) 
" and came on board. Tliey had been 39 days in an open boat, and traveled about 900 
"miles; suffering great hardships in the passage across Melville Bay, yet they looked 
"well and hearty though somewhat thin and weather-beaten * * * 1 sailed the same 
" afternoon for Upernavik * * * arrived on the morning of September 2d, and 
" welcomed on board Lieutenant Garlington with tlie Greely Relief party and Captain 
" Pike with crew of the ' Proteus.' * * * The energy, courage, and professional skill 
" shown by Lieutenant J. C. Colwell deserves the attention of the Department. Having 
"separated, by order, from the other boats off" Cape York, he took the first open lead to 
" the S. E., intending to steer direct to Upernavik ; but a westerly gale coming on he ran 
" before it for 20 liours, snowing heavily, and his crew much exhausted from fatigue and 
''cold. This was immediately followed by a gale from S. E., which was rode out under 
" the lee of an iceberg. Reaching Upernavik but a few hours after the departure of 
" this vessel, and stopping only long enough to dry his clothing and shift into another 
" boat, he pursued his way southward, reaching Godhaveu as stated above." 



I 



LIEUTENANTS. 219 

Extract from published official report of E. A. Garlington, 1st Lieutenant, 
7th Cavalry, dated October 8, 1883 : 

" I take great pleasure in calling attention to the very valuable services of Lieutenant 
"J. (]. Colwell, V. S. Navy. To his professional knowledge is added great energy and 
"determination, and a sound practical judgment, which qualities, with his experience of 
"this year, eminently fit hira for duty in the Arctic regions, and I earnestly recommend 
"that his services be secured to command the relief vessel of the next expedition." 

Volunteered, on arrival at St. John's, Newfoundland, to at once return 
north for the Greely party in another vessel, in a telegram from Lieutenant 
Garlington to War Department, dated September 15. 1883. Answer received 
same date by Lieutenant Garlington, "Expedition this year not considered 
advisable." On special duty, winter 1883-4, in attendance on Court of 
Inquiry, and at Navy Department in connection with fitting out the third 
Relief Expedition. 

Extract from the conclusions of Court of Inquiry appointed by the Presi- 
dent, and composed of Brig. -General S. V. Benet, Brevet Major-General O. 
M. Poe, Brevet Major-General R. B. Ayres, and Judge Advocate, Major H. 
Goodfellow (a survivor of Dr. Kane's Arctic expedition), dated January 15, 
1884: 

" It is considered by the court to have been extremely fortunate for the expeditionary 
'■ force tliat the one officer sent with it, and who commanded, was so ably aided and sup- 
" ported by the service of f-ieuteuant J. C Colwell, United States Navy, who volunteered 
" for a duty so much more severe and perilous than that to which he had been regularly 
"assigned on board a naval vessel, and who brought to the duty he assumed so much 
" capacity, courage and special knowledge " 

Recommended by Captain E. A. Garlington, the Commanding Officer of 
the Expedition, for a Medal of Honor — 

" for conspicuous courage and bravery in cutting away a whaleboat in the face of extreme 
" and imminent danger during the sinking of the ' Proteus ' * . * * in great danger 
" with the foundering ship and an explosion, the ship being wrapped in escaping steam, 
" he, with the assistance of one or two men, cut loose and saved tlie whaleboat, making it 
" possible to bring the party out of that region." 

Recommendation declined on technical grounds of non-eligibility of an 
officer of the Navy for receipt of an Army medal. 

Ordered to Relief steamer "Bear," third Greely Relief Expedition, under 
Captain W. S. Schley, U. S. N., March, 1884. In command of a steam 
cutter, was the first to discover and relieve the hunger of the survivors of the 
Greely party at the spot where the first landing had been made after the 
sinking of " Proteus " the previous year, and where a boat load of provisions 
had been left by Lieutenant Colwell. Mentioned in General Orders for 
results of expedition. 

Extract from publication on the "Rescue of Greely," by Assistant Secre- 
tary of the Navy, J. R. Soley and Captain W. S. Schley, U. S. N. (p. 90) : 

'' The other boat under Colwell, taking a more southerly course, set out alone on its journey 
" across Melville Bay, a journey which takes a place among the best work done by 
" Arctic explorers. For perseverance, good judgment, and courage in the officer who 
" accomplished it almost single-lianded, it could not well be outdone." 

On duty, Office of Naval Intelligence, Navy Department, winter of 1884- 
85 ; special aide on staff of Chief ]\Iarshal and escort to the President during 
inaugural ceremonies of President Cleveland, March 4, 18S5. Ordered from 
Wa,shington on Naval Expedition to guard Isthmus of Panama during insur- 
rection of spring of 1885; stationed at Matachin in command of half battery 



220 LIEUTENANTS. 

of artillery until U. S. forces were withdrawn ; commended in General Orders; 
Torpedo Station, 1S8H; Office of Naval Intelligence, 188G-8. Promoted to 
Lieutenant, June oO, 1887 ; special duty winter 1887-8, in connection with 
establishing a Naval Keserve, visiting and reporting (»n ship-building facili- 
ties and machine-shops of the Lake-board cities ; in published list of " Ameri- 
can Naval Authoi"s," credited with authorship of ; notes on Ships of 

War, 1886; characteristic principles of Foreign Ships of War, 1880; charac- 
teristics of principal U. S. Ports, 1886; notes on Ships, Guns and Torpedoes, 
1887 ; Naval Reserves and Coast Defense, 1888 ; on Stall' of Commander-in- 
Chief, North xVtlantic Station, 1888-9 ; revolution in Hayti ; ' Yorktown " 
and "Boston" of Squadron of Evolution, 1889-91 ; with the Squadron at 
Rio Janeiro on the recognition by the United States of the establishment of 
the Republic; office of Naval Intelligence, winter 1891-2; si)ecial duty 
under Department of State, in Spain with the Commissioners representing 
the United States at the Columbian celebrations in that country, 1 892-8 ; by 
telegraph from Navy I)epartment ordered to take command of tiie Columbus 
caravel "Nina" at Cadiz; left that port February 18, 1893, with a crew from 
the U. S. S. " Newark," touched at Canary Islands, and relinquished the 
caravel to Spanish crew in Havana, Cuba, iNfarch 22, 1893 ; on duty. Office 
of Naval Intelligence, 1893. 

William Reed Alexander Rooney. — Born in Pennsylvania. Entered 
Naval Academy, September 28, 1870 ; graduated, June, 1, 1874. Promoted 
^?^s>V;», Julv 17, 1875; Master, 3 nnG 11, 1881; Lieutenant (junior grade), 
March 8, 1883 ; Lieutenant, June 30, 1887 ; " Colorado," N. A. Station, 
1874; "Worcester," N. A. Station, 1874; "Hartford," N. A. Station, 
1875-6; R. S. "Passaic" 1877-9; " Pensacola," PaciHc Station, 1880; 
" Wachusett." Pacific Station, 1881-4 ; training-ship, " New Hampshire," 
1884-6; Naval War College, 1887; "Swatara." S. A. Station, 1888 to 
June, 1891 ; Inspector of Steel, June, 1891, to date. 

Edward John Dorn. — Born in Wisconsin. Entered Naval Academy, 
September 21. 1870; graduated, June 1, 1874. Promoted July 18,1875; 
J/rrs/e/', August 30, 1881 ; ZrU'*(/t»a»^ (junior grade), March 3, 1883; L/eu- 
^enan/, June 30, 1887 ; "Pensacola," N, Pacific Station, 1874-(i ; training- 
ship " Constitution ;" "Guard," spec'al service, 1877-9; R. S. S. "Colo- 
rado," 1879-80; relief-ship " Constellation ; " Hydrographic Office, 1880-3 ; 
" Nipsic," S. A. Station, 1883-6 ; training-ship " New Hampshire," Navy 
Yard. Washington, D. C, 1886-7; Inspector Steel, new cruisers, 1877-8; 
Coast Survey steamer "Patterson," 1889, to June. 1892; Office Naval 
Intelligence, June, 1892, to date. 

Bernard Orme Scott. — Born in Alabama. Entered Naval Academy, 
June 29, 1^70; gniduated June 1, 1874. Promoted En.^ign, July 17, 1875; 
Master, September 14, 1881; Lieutenant (junior grade), ^larch 3, 1883; 
Lieutenant, July 1, 1887; "Tennessee," Asiatic Station, 1875-6; "Ranger," 
Asiatic Station, 187(i-80 ; "Monocacy." Asiatic Station, 1880-4; office of 
Superintendent of Conqiasses, 1884-6; Fish Com. steamer, "Albatross," 
1886-7 ; " Trenton," Pacitic Station, 1887-9 ; nautical school-ship " Sara- 
toga," 1889, to December. 1892; " ^Michigan," December, 1892, to Jauuarv, 
1893 ; "Mohican." Pacific Station, January, 1893, toMate. 

David Peacock. — Born in New Jersey. Entered Naval Academy, 
September 28, 1869; graduated, May 31, 1874. Midshipman, June 1, 1874. 
Promoted to E)isign, July 17, 1875. Promoted to Master, September 14, 
1881. Promoted to Lie%itenant (junior grade), March 3, 1883. Promoted 
to Lieutenant, Awgw^t 2b, 1887 ; flag-ship " Brooklyn," S. A. Station, 1874-6 ; 



LIEUTENANTS. 221 

" Enterprise," Amazon Survey, 1877-80 ; " Quinnebaug," 1880-1 ; Hydro- 
graphic Office, Washington, D. C, 1881; "Enterprise," 1882; " Swatara," 
1882-3 ; receiving ships " Colorado " and " Vermont," New York, 1884 ; 
training-ship "Jamestown," 1885; commanding C. S. steamer " Hassler," 
1886-8 ; training-ship " Saratoga," as Watch-Officer and as Navigator, 
1888; training-ship "Constellation," 1888-9; "Jamestown," 1889; duty at 
Portsmouth Navy Yard, New Hampshire, 1889-90 ; in charge branch 
Hydrographic Office, Portland, Oregon, September, 1890, to March, 1892; 
" Pinta," special service, March, 1892, to date. 

John Ormond Nicolson. — Born in Alabama. Entered Naval Acade- 
my, June 25, 1809; graduated, October 15, 1874. Promoted Endgn, July 
17, 1875 ; Master, October 12, 1881 ; Lieuteiiaid (junior grade), March 3, 
1883 ; Lieutoiant, September 4, 1887 ; " Juniata," European Station, 1874-5 ; 
training-ship "Constitution," 1875-7; "Wyoming," European Station, 
1877-8; "Jamestown," N. P. Station, 1879-83 ; torpedo service, 1885; 
practice-ship "Constellation," 1885-7; Naval Academy, 1887-9; Naval 
Academy, Se])tember, 1888, to date. 

George Thornton Emmons. — Born in Baltimore, Maryland, June 0, 
1852. Appointed to U. S. Naval Academy as i/i(/.^/(yj»uui, June 4, 1<S70; 
graduated, October 15, 1874. Promoted Ensign., July 17, 1875; Master, 
October 15, 1881 ; Lieutenant (junior grade), March 3, 1883 ; Lieutenant, 
November 1, 1887 ; " Powhatan,*" special duty, 1875; "Alert," 1876; "Ply- 
mouth," 1878; "Enterprise" and "Trenton," European Station, 1878-81 ; 
" Adams," Pacific Station, 1882-4 ; " Pinta," special duty, 1884-7 ; engaged 
in studying Native Tribes of Alaska, 1887-90; "Pinta," special service, 
l,S90-92; ordered to take charge of Exhibit of Territory of Alaska at 
Columbian Exposition, January, 1892, to date. 

York Noel. — Entered Naval Academy from Cumberland County, 
Pennsylvania, September 20, 1870; graduated. May 30, 1874; served on 
North Atlantic Station, on board flag-ships " Colorado," " Worcester" and 
" Hartford." from July 8, 1874, to August 31, 1876. Commissioned Ensign, 
July 17, 1876; served on board "Alliance," European Station, from Janu- 
ary 1, 1^77, to October 5, 1877; served on training-ship " Miuncsota," from 
May 7, 1878, to July 26, 1878; served on "Fortune," North Atlantic 
Station, from September 11, 1878, to June 9, 1879; stationed at Norfolk 
Navy Yard, from June 9, 1879, to October 1, 1879; served on flag-ship 
" Shenandoah," South Atlantic Station, from October 1, 1879, to May 27, 
1882. Commissioned Master, October 28, 1881 ; served on " Miantonomah," 
special cruise, from October 2, 1882, to March 13, 1883 ; title changed from 
Master to Lieutenant (junior grade), March 3, 1883; served on receiving- 
ship "Colorado," New York, from March 13, 1883, to September 18, 1883; 
served on North Atlantic Station, on board "Galena" and " Swatara," from 
September 18, 1883, to September 13, 1886 ; during which time was on duty 
ashore with Naval Brigade when it occupied the Isthmus of Panama, during 
the Revolution of 1885; served on receiving-ship " Vermont," New York, 
from October 15, 1886, to INIay 7, 1889. Commissioned Lieutenaiit, January 
2, 1888; served on board "Despatch," from May 7, 1889, to December, 
1891 ; Navy Yard, League Island, December, 1891, to July, 1892; training- 
ship " Monongahela," July. 1892, to date. 

Albon Chase Hodgson. — Born in Georgia. Entered Naval Academy, 
June 28, 1869 ; graduated, June 1, 1874. Promoted Ensign, July 17, 1876; 
Master, November 6, 1881 ; Lieutenant (junior grade), March 3, 1883 ; Lieu- 
tenant, March 31, 1888 ; " Tennessee," Asiatic Station, 1875-7 ; Naval Acad- 



222 LIEUTENANTS. 

emy, 1877-9; Ligbt-House duty, 1879-82; training-.'slnp "Jamestown," 
1882-4; Naval Academy, 1884-8'; "Pinta," Pacific 8ta"tion, 1888-90 ; Navy 
Yard. Peusacola. December, 1890, to September, 1891 ; Naval Academy, 
September, 1891, to date. 

James Meredith Helm. — Born in Illinois. Entered Naval Academy, 
September 29, 1871 ; graduated, June 21, 1875. Promoted Ensign, July 18, 
1876 ; Master, November 25, 1881 ; Lieutenant (junior grade), INIarcb 3, f883 ; 
Lieutenant, June 1. 1888 ; "Tennessee," Asiatic Station, 1875-7 ; '• Alaska," 
Pacific Station, 1877-9; "Tuscarora," surveying in Pacific, 1879-81; 
"Ranger," surveying in Pacific, 1881-5 ; connuanding C. S. S. "McArtbur," 
in Alaska, 1886; training-ship "Saratoga," 1<S87; commanding C. S. S. 
" Gedney," 1888, to April, 1892; "^lichigan," April, 1892; commanding 
detail of men from " Michigan," on duty at the World's Fair, jNIarch to 
December, 189."). 

William Gifford Cutler. — Born in New York. Entered Naval Acad- 
emy, September 20, 1871 ; graduated, June 21, 1875 ; Ensign, July 18, 1876 ; 
Master, December 1, 1881 ; Lieutenant (junior grade), March 3, 1883; Lieu- 
tenant, June 19,1888; "Lackawanna," Pacific Station, 1876-7 ; European 
Station, 1877-81 ; Coast Survey, 1883-5 ; " Dolphin," special service, 1885-8 ; 
Naval Academy, 1889, July, 1892; " Yorktowu," unassigued, N. A. Station, 
July, 1892, to date. 

Cameron McRae Winslow. — Born in District of Columbia. Entered 
Naval Academy, September 20,1870; graduated, June 21,1875; Ensign, 
July 18, 1876 ; Master, December 21, 1881 ; Lieutenant {junior grade), March 
3,1883; Lieutenant, ,Tu\y 1, 1SS8; "Tennessee," Asiatic Station, 1875-77; 
"Constitution," training-ship, 1877-9, "Tennessee," N. A. Station, 1879-81 ; 
commanding C. S. S. "Ready," 1881-5; "Peusacola," European Station, 
1885; " Kearsarge," European Station, 1885-7; Torpedo Station, 1887-9; 
special duty, Torpedo Boat, No. 1, 1889-90 ; commanding " Cushing," April, 
1890, to November, 1891 ; waiting orders, November, 1891, to April, 1893 ; 
"Alliance," Pacific Station, April, 1893, to date. 

Charles Laird. — Born in and appointed from the State of Ohio. 
Entered Naval Academy, September 22. 1870; graduated, June 21, 1875. 
Promoted Ensig)i, July, 1876 ; Master, February 1, 1882; Lieutenant (junior 
grade), ]March 3, 1883 ; Lieutenant. SejDtember 28, 1888 ; " Hartford." N. A. 
Station, 1875-7 ; training-ship "Minnesota." 1877-8 ; flag-ship " Richmond," 
Asiatic Station, 1878-9; " Ashuelot," 1879 ; " Palos," 1879-81 ; in 1881 con- 
nected with expedition for the telegraphic determination of differences of 
longitudes in China, Japan and East Indies ; " Michigan," Great Lakes. 
1882; expedition for telegraphic determination of differences of longitudes 
on East Coast of jNIexico, 1883; same duty on West Coast of Central and 
South America. 1884 ; training-ship •• Jamestown," 1884-6 ; training-ship 
■Portsmouth," 1886-7; in charge of Chart Construction, Hydrographic 
Office, 1887-8; expedition for the telegraphic determination of diflerences 
of longitudes and for making magnetic observations in jNIexico and Cen- 
tral America. 1888-9 ; same duty in West Indies and Coa?t of Spanish 
Main, 1889-90; "Concord," Squadron of Evolution, February, 1891, to 
November, 1891 ; " Boston," Pacific Station, November, 1891, to Novem- 
ber, 1893; leave of absence, November, 1893, to date. 

Nathaniel Reilley Usher. — Born in Indiana. Entered Naval Acad- 
emy, September 21, 1871 ; graduated. June 21, 1875. Promoted Ensign, 
July 18, 1876 ; Master, February 4, 1882 ; Lieutenant (junior grade), March 
3, 1883 ; Lieutenant, October 31, 1888 ; flag-ship " Tennessee," Asatic Station, 



LIEUTENANTS. 223 

1875-7; "Kearsarge," 1877-8; " Constellation," 1878 ; receiving-ship " In- 
depentfence " 1878-9; ''Jamestown." Alaska Station, 1879-81; gunnery 
training-ships " Minnesota," 'Alarm," and " Passaic," 18.S2-3 ; tiaining-ship 
'• Saratoga," 1883-4 ; Greely relief-ship '-Bear," 1884; Bureau of Equip- 
ment and Recruiting, Navv Department, 1885 ; " Juniata," cruise around 
the world, 1886-9; U. S. R. S. "Vermont," 1890 to April, 1892 ; "Dol- 
phin," special service, April, 1892, to date. 

Walter Scott Hughes. — Born in Iowa. Entered Naval Academy, 
September 24, 1870; graduated, June 21, 1875, Promoted Ensign, July 18, 
187G; Mmter, February 16, 1882; Lientenant (junior grade), March 3, 
1883; Lieutenant, January 15,1889; " Richmond," South Pacific Station, 
1875; training-ship "Minnesota," 1877-8; " Ticonderoga," special service, 
1878-82; training-ship '■ Jamestown," 1882-4 ; training-ship '• New Hamp- 
shire," 1884-6; Hydrographic Office, 1886-7; Training Squadron, 1887 ; 
" Quinnebaug," European Station, 1887-9; "Galena," N. A. Station, 1889- 
90; Branch Hydrographic Office, New Orleans, November, 1890, to Sep- 
tember, 1893 ; " Thetis," s})ecial service, September, 1893, to date. 

Fidelio Sharps Carter. — Born in Kentucky. Entered Naval Acad- 
emy, September 29, 1870; graduated, June 21, 1875; Promoted Endgn, 
July 11, 1876; Master, March 10, 1882; Lieutenant (junior grade), March 
3,1883; Lieutenant, February 12, 1889; "Frolic," special service, 1875; 
"Marion," North Atlantic Station, 1875-7; "Constitution " (training-ship), 
1877-9; "Tennessee," North Atlantic Station, 1879-80; Coast Survey, 
1^85-6; training-ship "Jamestown," 1886-8; school-ship "St. Mary's," 
1889 to November, 1891 ; "Adams," Pacific Station, November, 1891, to date. 

Frank Friday Fletcher. — Born in Iowa. Graduated from Naval 
Academy, June 21, 1875. Promoted Ensign, July, 1876 ; Master, April 1, 
1882; Lieutenant (junior grade), Marcli 3, 1883; Lieutenant, February 19, 
1889; " Tuscarora," deep-sea sounding in Pacific, 1^75-6 ; "Lackawanna," 
1877; " Constellation," special service to Paris Exposition, 1878 ; "Ticon- 
deroga," special service with Admiral Schufeldt, 1878-81; Hydrographic 
Office, 1882 ; expedition for telegraphic determination of longitudes in Cen- 
tral and South America, 1883-4 ; "Quinnebaug," European Station, 1884- 
87; Bureau of Ordnance, 1887, to Decembei", 1892 ; torpedo-boat " Cushing," 
Deceml^er, 1892, to date. 

Alexander Sharp, Jr. — Born in Missouri. Entered Naval Academy, 
June 18, 1870; graduated, June 21, 1875. Promoted Ensign, July 18, 
1876; il/«.s/er, April 8, 1882; Lieutenant (junior grade), March 3, 1883; 
Lieutenant, March 15, 1889; " IMarion," North Atlantic Station, 1875-7; 
training-ship "Constitution," 1877-9; " Pensacola," Pacific Station, 1880-5 ; 
Bureau of Navigation, 1885 ; Office of Naval Intelligence, 1885-7; " Galena," 
North Atlantic Station, 1887-90; Naval Academy, September, 1890, to 
June, 1893 ; " Philadelphia," Pacific Station, June, 1893, to date. 

Harry Hibbard Hosley.— Born in New Hampshire. Entered Naval 
Academy, September 22, 1871; graduated, June, 21, 1875. Promoted 
Ensign, July 17, 1875; Ma.-<ter, June 2, 1882; L/(?«/e//«/(f (junior grade), 
March 3, 1883 ; Lieutenant, March 17, 1889 ; " Tennessee," Asiatic Station, 
1875-7; "Ticonderoga," special service, 1879-81; N. A. Station, 1883-4 ; 
" Tennessee," N. A. Station, 1884^7; inspector of steel, new cruisers, 1887; 
Naval Academy, 1887-90; " Philadelphia," N. A. Station, July, 1890, to 
June, 1893 ; R. S. " Vermont," July, 1893, to date. 

Frank Edmund Beatty. — Born in Wisconsin. Entered Naval Acad- 
emy, Sept. 21, 1871; graduated, June 21, 1875. Promoted to Ensign, July 18, 



224 LIEUTENANTS. 

1870; Mader, June 19, 1882 ; Lieutenant (junior grade), Marcli 8, 1883 ; 
Lieutenant, March 23, 1889 ; " Lackawanna," Pacific Station, 1875-7;' train- 
ing-ship "Minnesota," 1877-8; Asiatic Station, 1878-81; "Despatch," 
special service, 1882-5; training-ship "Jamestown," 1885; training-ship 
"Portsmouth," 1885-8; Bureau of Navigation, 1888 ; Library of War Rec- 
ords Office, 1888, to April, 1892; " Miantonomah," N. A. Station, April, 
1892, to date. 

Moses Lindley \A^ood. — Born in Missouri. Entered Naval Academy, 
September 21, 1871 ; graduated, June 21, 1875. Promoted Ensi<fn, July 18, 
1876; Ma,sfer, July 1, 1882; Lieutenant (junior grade), March 3, 1883; 
Lieutenant, March 26, 1889 ; "Hartford," " Wyandotte," and "Pinta," N. A. 
Station. 1875-7; "Minnesota," February to May, 1878; torpedo instruction, 
in 1878; Coast Survey, 1878-82; "Swatara," N. A. Station, 1883 ; "Tren- 
ton," "Monocacy," and "Palos," Asiatic Station, 1883-6 ; Ordnance Listruc- 
tion, January to April, 1887 ; Coast Survey Office, April, 1887, to January. 
1890; "Alliance" and "Palos," Asiatic Station, 1890, to April, 1893; 
Naval Academy, from July, 1893, to date. 

David Daniels. — Born in Massachusetts. Appointed from Massa- 
chusetts. Entered Naval Academv, June 5, 1871 ; graduated, June 21, 
1875. Promoted Ensign, August 22, 1876; Master, November 17, 1882. 
Title changed, and commissioned Lieutenant (junior grade), March 3, 1883. 
Promoted Lieutenant, March 31. 1889 ; flag-ship "Tennessee," Asiatic Station, 
1875-7; " Kearsarge," 1877-8; receiving-ships "Passaic" and " Wabash," 
1878; " Ticonderoga," special service, 1878-81; receiving-ship "Wabash," 
1881-2; Coast Survey, 1882-3; Branch Hydrographic Office, New York 
City, 1883-4; training-ship "Saratoga," 1884-7 ; Naval Academy, 1887-90; 
waiting orders, October, 1890, to March, 1891 ; "Lancaster." Asiatic Station, 
March, 1891, to date. 

John Adams Shearman. — Born in New York. Entered Naval 
Academy, June 7, 1«71 ; graduated, June 21, 1875. Vromoied Ensign, 
September 8, 1876; Master, November 28, 1882; Lieutenant (junior grade), 
March 3, 1883 ; Lieutenant, May 4, 1889 ; " Hartford," Noith Atlantic 
Station, 1875-7; R. S. "Passaic," 1877-9; "Pensacola," Pacific Station, 
1880-5; Torpedo Station, 1885-7; " Nipsic," Pacific Station, 1887-90; 
Avaiting orders, December, 1890, to April, 1891 ; Inspector of Steel, April 
1891, to Dec, 1893 ; Coast Survey steamer '• Blake," Dec, 1893, to date. 

Robert Morris Doyle. — Born in Tennessee. Appointed to Naval 
Academy, September 21, 1870. 3Iicl^ hip man, June 21, 1875; Ensign, ^ep- 
tember 9, 1876; Master, November 29, 1882; Lieutenant (junior grade), 
March 3, 1883; Lieutenant May 15, 1889; European Station, 1875-7; 
training-ship "Minnesota," 1877-9; "Vandalia," N. A. Station, 1879-81; 
Hydrographic Office, 1881-3; "Galena," N. A. Station, 1883-6; Naval 
Academy, 1886-9; " Baltimore," special service, 1890, to May, 1893 ; Naval 
Academy, July, 1893, to date. 

Edward Dorsey Bostick.— Born in South Carolina. Entered Naval 
Academy, September 24, 1870 ; graduated, June 21 , 1875. Promoted Ensign, 
September 21, 187(5 ; Master, June 9, 1883 ; Lieutenant (junior grade), March 
3, 1883 ; Lieutenant, May 15, 1889 ; " Frolic," special service, 1875 ; " Hard- 
ford," N. A. Station, 1875-7 ; " Constitution," training-ship, 1877-9 ; Asiatic 
Station, 1879-82 ; Hydrographic Office, 1882-4 ; Artillery School, Ft. ]\ron- 
roe, 1884-5; "Adams," Pacific Station, 1885-9 ; Navy Yard, Washington, 
1889-90 ; R. S. " Minnesota," July, 1890, to April, 1892 ; " Ranger," Pacific 
Station, April, 1892, to date. 



LIEUTENANTS. 225 

George M. Stoney. — Born in South Carolina. Appointed from Ala- 
bama; graduated U. S. Naval Academy September, 1875. While a cadet at 
the Naval Academy received complimentary letters from the Hon. Secretary 
of the Navy, Superintendent Naval Academy and citizens of Aune Arundel 
Co., Maryland, for bravery, trying to save from drowning under the ice an 
official of Aune i^rundel County. Promoted to Ensign, October 9, 1876 ; Lieu- 
tenant (junior grade), June 25, 1883 ; Lieutenant, June 27, 1889 ; "Swatara," 
N. A. Station, 1875-7; "New Hampshire," training-ship. Port Royal, 
S. C, 1887; "Alaska," Pacific Station. 1877-8; "Tuscarora," survey in 
Pacific, 1878-81; Arctic relief-ship " Rodgers," in search of the "Jean- 
nette," 1881-2; "Ranger," surveying in the Pacific, 1882-3 ; special duty 
in Arctic, distributing presents given by Congress to the Esquimaux in 
Sebena ; for their kindness to the officei's and crew of the " Rodgers," who 
lived amongst them for eight months after the ship was burnt in the ice, 
1883; discovered and named the Putnam River, Arctic Alaska, 1883, for 
which complimented by the Hon. Secretary of the Navy ; commanding Arctic 
Exploring Expeditions 1884-86, for which received complimentary letter 
from Hon. Secretary of the Navy; special duty Navy Department, 1886-87 ; 
in charge Branch Hydrographic Office, San Francisco, Cab, 1887-9; U. S. 
Coast Survey Steamer " Hassler," 1889-90 ; Inspector of Steel, Pacific Rolling 
Mills, San Francisco, Cal., 1890; U. S. S. "Charleston," Pacific and China 
Station, 1890-3 ; Commandant's Aide, Mare Island, 1893, to date. 

Frederick Wesley Coffin. — Born in New Hampshire. Entered Naval 
Academy, June 15, 1870; graduated, June 21,1875. Promoted Ensign, 
December 24, 1876; Lieutenant (junior grade), July 21, 1883; Lieutenant, 
August 4, 1889; " Swalara," N. A. Station, 1875-7; "Adams," Pacific Sta- 
tion, 1877-80; Coast Survey, 1880-3; training-ship "Minnesota," 1883; 
"Trenton," Asiatic Station, 1883-6; inspector of steel, new cruisers, 1887-8; 
'' Lancaster," European Station, 1888-9 ; inspector of steel, Thurlow, Penn- 
sylvania, 1889-90 ; R. S. " Wabash," July 1890, to September, 1891 ; " Ben- 
nington," S. A. Station, September, 1891, to date. 

Harry Marsh Hodges. — Born in Illinois. Entered Naval Academy, 
September 29, 1870; graduated, June 21, 1875. Promoted Ensign, July 11, 
1877 ; Lieutenant (junior grade), August 23, 1883 ; Lieutenant, September 9, 
1889 ; " Richmond," South Pacific Station, 1875-7 ; training-ship " Constella- 
tion," 1877-9; "AVyoming," Europe, 1879-81; "Enterprise," 1882-5; 
"Michigan," N, W. Lakes, 1886-7; Training Squadron, 1887; " Quinne- 
baug," European Station, 1887-9; training-ship "Portsmouth," 1889, to 
November, 1892 ; "Chicago," European Station, November, 1892, to date. 

W^illiam Banks Caperton, — Born in Tennessee. Entered Naval 
Academy, June 5, 1871; graduated, September 17, 1875. Ensign, August 
3,1877; Lieutenant {]nniov grade), October 13,1883; Lieutenant, October 
24, 1889; "Hartford," "Powhatan," and "Tennessee," N. A. Station, 
1875-77; training-ship "Constellation," 1877-9; Coast Survey, 1880-84; 
"Ossipee" and " Trenton," Asiatic Station, 1884-6 ; inspector of steel, new 
cruiser,^, 1887 to Oct., 1891 ; "Vesuvius," N. A. Station, Oct., 1891, to date. 

James Thorn Smith. — Appointed from North Carolina. Entered 
Naval Academy, June 5, 1871 ; graduated, June 21, 1875. Promoted to 
Ensign, November 21, 1877 ; Lieutenant (junior grade), November 16, 1883 ; 
"Hartford," North Atlantic Station, 1875-7; "Portsmouth," 1877-9; 
receiving-ship "New Hampshire," 1879-81; " Quinnebaug," European 
Station, 1881-4; Naval Academy, 1884-8; "Pinta" (at Alaska), 1888-90. 
Promoted Lieuteuarit, January 3, 1890; Naval Academy, November, 1890, 
to August, 1893 ; " Newark," S. A. Station, August, 1893, to date. 

15 



226 LIEUTENANTS. 

Ridgely Hunt. — Appointed from Louisiana. Naval Academy, Sep- 
tember 21,1870; graduated, June 21, 1875; Ensign, November 25, 1871 ; 
Lieutenant (junior grade), December 1,1883; "Swatara," North Atlantic 
Station, 1875-7 ; " Alaska," Pacific Station, 1877-81 ; special duty, Navy 
Department, 1881-2; "Juniata," Asiatic Station, 1882-4; Hydrographic 
Office. 1884-6; special duty, 1886-7; "Boston," special duty, 1887-8; 
special duty. Marine Conference, 1889-90. Promoted Lienienant, January 7, 
1890 ; Office Naval Intelligence, November, 1890, to August, 1892 ; "Balti- 
more," special service, August, 1892, to May, 1893 ; Navy Yard, New York, 
June, 1893, to August, 1893 ; "San Francisco," S. A. Station, August, 1893, 
to date. 

Henry Chalfant Gearing. — Appointed from Louisiana. Naval Acad- 
emy, June 12, 1872 ; graduated, June 20, 1876 ; Ensign, November 25, 
1877 ; Lieutenant (junior grade), December 11, 1883 ; " Pensacola," Pacific 
Station, 1876-77 ; "Tuscarora," Pacific Station, 1877-8 ; " Marion," Pacific 
Station, 1879-82; Naval Academy, 1883-6; "Essex," Asiatic Station, 
1886-7; "Monocacy," Asiatic Station, 1887-9; Naval Academy, 1889 to 
July, 1893. Promoted Lie «f <?«««/, February 28, 1890; " Newark," S. A. 
Station, July, 1893, to date. 

Templin Morris Potts. — Born in District Columbia. Entered Naval 
Academy, June 6, 1872; graduated, June 20. 1876; "Constitution," 1877; 
Washington. D. C, 1877. Promoted to Ensign, November 25, 1877 ; " Swa- 
tara," 1879; " Palos," 1879-82; special duty. Navy Department, 1883-5. 
Promoted Lieutenant (junior grade). February 9, 1884; steamer " Pensacola," 
1885-7 ; Naval Academy, 1888-90. Promoted Lieutenant, February 28, 
1890; 'San Francisco," Pacific Station, December, 1890, to August, 1893; 
leave of absence, August, 1893, to date. 

William Herschell Allen. — Born in New York. Entered Naval 
Academy, September 26, 1872 ; graduated, June 20, 1876 ; " Essex," 187()-9. 
Promoted Ensign, November 25, 1877 ; C. S. steamer "Endeavor," 1879-83 ; 
Naval Observatory, 1883-7. Promoted Lieutenant (junior grade), July 13, 
1884; "Trenton," 1887-9; "New Hampshire." 1889; Library and War 
Records Office, 1889-90. Promoted Lieutenant, March 4, 1890; "Alert," 
Asiatic Squadron, October, 1890. to September, 1893 ; Naval Academy, Octo- 
ber, 1893, to date. 

Burns Tracy "Walling.— Born in Ohio, February 4, 1855. Entered 
Naval Academy, June 5, 1872; graduated. Midshipman, June 20, 1876; 
"Vandalia," November. 187(), to January, 1879; examined and promoted 
Ensign, in April, 1879, dating from November 2(), 1877 ; "Powhatan," June, 
1879, to June, 1881; " Ranger," October, 1881, to September, 1884; R. S. 
"Vermont," February, 1885, to March, 1886 (one month detached to 
"Despatch"); C S. schooner "Scoresby," April to August, 1886; "Essex," 
August, 1886, to June, 1887; "Brooklyn," June, 1887, to August, 1888; 
" Essex," August, 1888, to ]\Lay, 1889 ; "Vermont," July, 1889, to December, 
1889; Naval Academy, December, 1889, to December, 1892. Promoted 
Lieutenant. April, 1890; " Kearsarge," N. A. Station, Dec, 1892, to date. 

Clifford Joseph Boush. — Born in Virginia, August 13, 1854. Entered 
Naval Academy, June 5, 1872; graduated as Midshipman, June 20, 1876. 
Commissioned Ensign, December 1, 1877; Lieutenant (junior grade), No- 
vember 3, 1884; "Tennessee," Asiatic Station, 1876-8; receiving-ship 
"Franklin," 1878-9; "Trenton," European Station, 1880-1; gunnery 
training-ship "Minnesota," Torpedo School, and " Franklin," 1882; Fish 
Commission steamer " Albatross," 1883-5 ; Instructor Naval Academy, 



LIEUTENANTS. 227 

1886-7; "Lancaster," S. A. Station, 1887, and in same ship on European 
Station, 1888-9 ; Bureau of Ordnance, September, 1889, to October, 1892. 
Promoted Lieutenant, July 31, 1890 ; " Yorktown," special service squadron, 
October, 1892, to date. 

James Hamilton Sears, — -Appointed from New York. Entered Naval 
Academy, September 20, 1871 ; graduated, June 20, 1876; Endgn, Decem- 
ber 11, 1877 ; Lieutenant (junior grade), December 2, 1884 ; Asiatic Station, 
1876-8 ; " Kearsarge," N. A. Station, 1879-80; Naval Academy, 1881 ; train- 
ing-ship "Portsmouth," 1882-4; Naval Observatory, 1885; nautical school- 
ship "St. Mary's," 1886-8; steamer "Baltimore," 1889, to August, 1892. 
Promoted Lievtenant, September 20, 1890 ; War College, October, 1892, to 
November, 1898 ; leave of absence, November, 1893, to date. 

Abraham Ellis Culver. — Appointed a Cadet Midshipman, June 6, 
1872; graduated, June 20, 1876; "Trenton," European Station, 1877-8; 
"Marion," 1879. Promoted Ensign, December 14, 1877; "Powhatan," 
N. A. Station, 1879-82 ; Naval Academy, 1882-5, making cruise in " Con- 
stellation," summer of 1884. Projnoted Lieutetiant (junior grade), Decem- 
ber 26, 1884-6, taking course at the Sarbonne, Paris ; training-ship " James- 
town," September 1, 1886 ; March, 1888, to September, 1888, " Monougahela ;" 
transferred to " Vandalia," January, 1889 ; was on board her at time of 
wreck; May 23, 1889, to September 5, 1889, "Iroquois;" January 10, 1890, 
Bureau of Ordnance. Promoted Lieutenant, October 15, 1890; April, 1893, 
ordered to " Baltimore," Asiatic Station, where he is at present date. 

Henry Thomas Mayo. — ^Appointed from 3rd District Vermont by 
Hon. W. C. Smith. x\dmitted to Naval Academy, June 14, 1872 ; gradu- 
ated, June 20, 1876. Promoted Ensign, February 26, 1878; Lieutenant 
(junior grade), February 25, 1885 ; Lieutenant, December 5, 1890. Served 
on Asiatic Station 1876-8, in " Kearsarge," "Monocacy," and '■ Tennessee;" 
on coast of Washington, in C. and G. Survey schooner " Earnest," 1879-82 ; 
on N. A. Station, in " Yantic," 1882-5 ; Naval Observatory, 1885-6 ; Coast 
of Washington, in C. and G. Survey schooner '• Earnest," 1886-9 ; training- 
ship "Jamestown," 1889-92; B. H. 0., at Port Townsend, Washington, 
from December 1, 1892, to date. 

Charles Custis Rogers. — Born in Virginia. Entered Naval Academy, 
June 7, 1872; oraduated, June 20, 1876; "Plymouth," 1876-7; "Monon- 
gahela," 1877-9^ Promoted Ensign, April 26, 1878 ; '■ Vandalia," 1879-82 ; 
special duty. Bureau Navigation, 1882-3 ; Fogg School, Nashville, Tenu., 
1884-6. Promoted Lieutenant (junior grade), June 2, 1885; '■ Swatara," 
1886; "Galena," 18S6; " Pensacola," 1888; "Yantic," 1889; Office Naval 
Intelligence, 1889 to April, 1892. Promoted to Lieutenant, January 27, 
1891;' leave of absence, April, 1892, to July, 1893; "Detroit," S. A. 
Station, July, 1893, to date. 

John Thomas Newton. — Born in Florida. Entered Naval Academy, 
October 14, 1872 ; graduated, June '20, 1876; "Kearsarge," 1876-7 ; "Ten- 
nessee," 1877-8.' Promoted to Ensign, May 9, 1878; R. S. " Franklin," 
1 879 ; " Trenton," 1879-80 ; " Wyoming," 1880-1 ; Torpedo Station, 1881-2 ; 
Coast Survey steamer " Endeavor," 1882 ; " Blake," 1882-3 ; " Yantic," 
1883-5. Promoted to Lieutenant (junior grade), June 16, 1885; P, S. 
" Vermont," 1885-86 ; " Atlanta," 1886-7 ; inspector of steel, new cruisers, 
1887-8; Office Naval Intelligence, 1888-90 ; "Essex," S. A. Station, April. 
1890, to April, 1893. Promoted to Lieutenant, February 19, 1891 ; leave of 
absence, April, 1893, to July, 1893 ; training-ship " Richmond," July, 1893, 
to date. 



228 LIEUTENANTS. 

Waldemar d'Arcy Rose. — Born in New Jerse5\ Entered Naval 
Academy, June 5, 1872 ; graduated, June 20, 1876; "Portsmouth," 1877-8. 
Promoted to Ensign, July 12, 1878; Coast S. S. " Hassler," 1879-82; 
"Pinta," 1882-3; "Alliance," 1883-6 ; Navy Yard, Mare Island, Cal , 
1886 ; special duty, San Francisco, Cal., 1886 ; Recorder Board Inspection, 
San Francisco, 1887-9 ; " Yantic," (apprentice ship). November. 1889, to 
December, 1891. Promoted to Limitenant, May 14, 1891 ; R. S. " Independ- 
ence," December, 1891, to date. 

Charles Fremont Pond. — Born in Connecticut. Entered Naval 
Academy, June 12,1872; graduated, June 20, 1876; " Tuscarora," 1877-8. 
Promoted to Ensign, July 22, 1878 ; C. S. steamer " Hassler," 1879-83 ; 
Hydrographic Office, 1883-4; "Hartford," 1884; " Wachusett," 1884-5. 
Promoted Lieutenant {jnn\or grade), October 2,1885; Naval Department, 
Navy Yard, Mare Island, 1885; C. S. S. "Hassler," 1885; Naval Depart- 
ment, Navy Yard, Mare Island, 1886-7 ; " Ranger," 1887-90. Promoted to 
Lieutenant, May 19, 1891 ; Navy Yard, Mare Island, Dec, 1890, to date. 

Walter McLean. — Born in New Jersey. Entered Naval Acad- 
emy, June 6, 1872 ; graduated, June 20, 1876 ; New York, 1877. 
Promoted Ensign, October 23, 1878 ; " Monocacy," 1879-82; Experimental 
Battery, Annapolis, Md., 1883-4; C. S. steamer "Patterson," 1884-5. Pro- 
moted Z(ie!<Ye7ia;?i (^junior grade), December 1, 1885; receiving-ship "A"er- 
mont," 1885-6; " Despatcli," 1886-9; "Yantic," South Alantic Station, 
July, 1890, to March, 1893. Promoted to Lieutenant, May. 20, 1891 ; leave 
of absence. May, 1893, to August, 1893 ; Coast Survey Office, August, 1893, 
to date. 

Washington Irving Chambers. — Born in New York. Entered Naval 
Academy, June 5, 1871; graduated, June 20, 1876; " Pensacola," 1876; 
"Portsmouth," 1877. Promoted Ensign, November 30, 1878; "Marion," 
1879-82; special duty. Bureau of Navigation, 1883-4; Greely Relief 
steamers "Thetis" and "Loch Garry," 1884; special survey of Nicaragua 
Canal, December, 1884, to June, 1885. Promoted IJeutenaiit (junior grade), 
December 31, 1885; Office Naval Intelligence, 1885-8; Navy Yard. New 
York, 1888-9; " Petrel," December, 1889, to July, 1891 ; "Atlanta," July, 
1891, to November, 1892 ; War College, November, 1892, to November, 
1893 ; leave of absence, November, 1893, to date. 

James Clarkson Gillmore. — Born in Pennsylvania. Entered Naval 
Academy, September 20, 1871 ; graduated June 20, 1876; " Monongahela," 
1877. Promoted Ensign, January 13, 1879 ; " Jamestown," 1879-8i ; " Iro- 
quois," 1882-4 ; training-ship " Saratoga," 1885 ; Library, Navy Depart- 
ment, 1886. Promoted Lieutenant (iunior grade), January 17, 1886 ; 
Toi'pedo Station, 1887 ; " Marion," 1887-90 ; Bureau of Equipment, July, 
1890, to March, 1893. Promoted to Lieutenant, June 30, 1891 ; " Machias," 
N. A. Station, March, 1893, to date. 

Benjamin Tappan. — Born in Louisiana. Entered Naval Academy, 
September 21, 1871 ; graduated, June 20, 1876 ; "Tennessee," 1877. Pro- 
moted Ensign, February 8, 1879 ; Master, 1879-81 ; R. S. " New Ham])- 
shire," 1882. Promoted Lieutenant (junior grade), January, 1886-7 ; Office 
Naval Intelligence, 1888 to February, 1891. Promoted to Ijieutenant. 
August 2, 1891 ; " :\riantonomah," N. A. Station, February, 1891, to date. 

Charles Augustus Gove. — Born in New Hampshire. Entered Naval 
Academy, June 5, 1871, " at large;" graduated, June 20, 1876; " Pensa- 
cola," 1876-7 ; "Portsmouth," 1877-8; "Powhatan," 1878; "Plymouth," 
1878; on the staff of Rear- Admiral Treuchard; "Wabash," 1878-9. Pro- 



LIEUTENANTS. 229 

moted Ensign. March 29, 1879; ' Wachusett," 1879 ; ' Lackawanna," 1880- 
82; "AVabash," 1882; special duty, 1883; "Trenton," 1883-4; "Enterprise," 
1884-5; "Trenton," 1885-6. Fromoted Lieidenanf (junior grade), March 
4, 1886; Hydrocrraphic Office, 1887; Branch Hydrographic Office, 1887; 
C. S. S. " McArthur," 1888 ; C. S. S. " Hassler," 1888-91 ; Naval Academy, 
1891, to date. Promoted Lieutenant, August 4, 1891. 

De W^itt Coffman. — Born in Virginia. Entered Naval Academy, 
June (), 1872 ; graduated, June 20, 1876 ; "Portsmouth," 1877. Promoted 
Ensign, June 10,1879; " Trenton," 1879-81 ; R. S. "Colorado," 1881-2; 
Fish Commission, 1882; training-ship ''New Hampshire," 1882; '■ Yantic." 
1883-5. Promoted Lieutenant (junior grade), April 19, L'^86 ; C. S. steamer 
" Patterson," 1886-7 ; Hydrographic Office, 1887-90 ; "Adams," Pacific 
Station, July, 1890, to July, 1893. Promoted to Lieutenant, September 27, 
1891 ; Naval Academy, September, 1893, to date. 

William Gangmere Hannum. — Born in Pennsylvania, Entered 
Naval Academy, September 23, 1872 ; graduated, June 20, 1876; " Essex," 
1877. Promoted to Ensign, August 2, 1879; R. S. "St. Louis," 1879-81 ; 
C. S. S. "Endeavor," 1881; "Enterprise," 1881-3; " Monocacy," 1883; 
•Enterprise," 1884; R. S. "Franklin," 1885; R S. "Vermont," 1885. 
Promoted to Lieutenant (junior grade), May 6, 1886; C. S. schooner 
■Palinurus," 1886; R. S. "New Hampshire," 1887 ;" Ranger," 1887; 
"Adams," 1888 ; " Mohican," 1888-90 ; waiting orders, December, 1890, to 
February, 1891 ; Inspector of Steel, February, 1891, to Se])tember, 1892. 
Promoted to Lieutenant, October 2, 1891 ; Navy Yard, New York, Septem- 
ber, 1892, to Sept., 1893 ; "Adams," Pacific Station, Sept., 1893, to date. 

Richard Henderson. — Born in North Carolina. Entered Naval 
Academy, September 25, 1872; graduated, June 20, 1876 ; " Essex," 1877 ; 
"Nipsic," 1879-82. Promoted Ensign, July 1, 1878; "Shenandoah," 
1883-6. Promoted Lieutenant (junior grade), May 13. 1886; Torpedo 
Station, 1887 ; assistant to Light-House Inspector, 1888 ; Instructor Ord- 
nance, Navy Yard, Washington, 1889-90 ; "Alliance," Asiatic Station. 
January, 1890, to April, 1893. Promoted to Lieutenojit, November 5, 18!)1 ; 
leave of absence, Ajiril, 18i)3, to date. 

Thomas Dillard Griffin. — Born in Virginia. Entered Naval Acad- 
emy, Septend)er 20, 1872; graduated, June' 20, 1876; "Essex," 1877-8. 
Promoted Ensign, November 1, 1879; "Nipsic," 1879-82; C. S. schooner 
"Palinurus," 1883; C. S. schooner "Eagre," 1883; C. S. steamer " Bache," 
1884 ; C. S. schooner " Ready," 1884 ; C. S. S. " Blake," 1885-6. Promoted 
Lieuten.ant (junior grade). May 19, 1886; "Galena," 1886-9; Bureau of 
Navigation, 1889 to March, 1893. Promoted Lieutenant, November 20, 
189r; "Charleston," Pacific Station, March, 1893, to date. 

Henry Minett. — Born in Kentucky. Entered Naval Academy, June 8, 
1872; graduated June 20, 1876; "Swatara," 1877-8. Promoted Ensign, 
November 1, 1870; "Jamestown," 1879-81; training-ship "New Hamp- 
shire," 1882; "Hartford," 1882-3; "Lackawanna," 1883-4; Torpedo 
Station, 1885-6. Promoted Lieutenant (junior grade), May 23, 1886 ; R. S. 
"Minnesota," 1886-7; -Omaha," 1888" to September, 1891; R. S. "Ver- 
mont," September, 1891, to date. Promoted Lieutenant, December 11, 1891. 

Richard Thomas Mulligan. — Born in New York. Entered Naval 
Academy, June 5, 1871 ; graduated, June 20, 1876 ; " Powhatan," 1877-8. 
Promoted Ensign, January 2, 1880 ; " Trenton," 1879-81 ; Navy Yard, New 
York, 1881-2 ; " Tennessee," 1882-6, Promoted Lieutenant (junior grade). 
May 23, 1886; Signal Office, 1886-7; "Enterprise," 1887-90; "Despatch," 



230 LIEUTENANTS. 

special service, December, 1890, to November, 1891 ; Bureau of Navigation, 
December, 1891, to date. Promoted Lieutenant, December 16, 1891. 

William Braunersreuther. — Born iu Illinois. Entered Naval Acad- 
emy. September 23, 1871 ; graduated, September 23, 1876; "Portsmouth." 
1877-9; training-ship "Minnesota," 1879-80. Received thanks of Depart- 
ment and medal from American Humane Society for saving the life of a 
citizen in Thames River, April 1, 1880. Promoted Ensign, January 22, 
1880; C. S. S. '' McArthur," 1881; "Wyoming," 1882; commanding Nav^ 
Station, Port Royal, S. C, 1883-6 ; special duty. Port Royal, S. C, 1883-6. 
Promoted Lieutenant (junior grade), June 26, 1886 ; '•Alliance," 1886-9; 
Linsly Institute, W. Va., 1889, to July, 1893. Promoted Lieutenant, Jan- 
uary 10, 1892 ; •' Thetis," special service, July, 1893, to date. 

Francis Howland Sherman. — Born in Michigan. Entered Naval 
Academv, September 20, 1871; graduated. June 20, 1876; ''Tennessee," 
1876-79'; "Passaic." 1879-80. Promoted i;;/.-^/^;?, Februarv 24, 1880; 
"Pensacola," 1880-2; C. S. schooner "Silliman," 1882-3; " Palinurus," 1883; 
"Eagre," 1884-5; commanded " Eagre," 1884-5. Promoted Lieutenant 
(junior grade), July 1, 1886; "Tallapoosa," 1886-9; " Kearsarge," 1889; in 
charge branch Hydrographic Office, Savannah, Ga., 1889, to August, 1892 ; 
" Monterey," Pacific Station, August, 1892, to date. Promoted to Lieutenant, 
April 3, 1892. 

"William Stetson Hogg. — Born in District of Columbia. Entered 
Naval Academy, September 'Z4, 1872 ; graduated, June 20, 1876 ; " Vanda- 
lia," 1877-9; "Alarm," 1879. Promoted Endgn, March 10,1880; R. S. 
'■ Colorado," 1881 ; "Jamestown," 1882-3 ; " Alarm," 1883-4; Naval Obser- 
vatory, 1885; Fish Commission steamer "Albatross," 1886-7. Promoted 
Lieutenant (junior grade), August 5, 1886 ; " Marion," 1887^90 ; Navy Yard, 
League Island, August, 1890, to Dec, 1892 ; R. S. "St. Louis," December, 
1892, to June, 1893. Promoted to Lieutenant, May 5, 1892; "Concord," 
Asiatic Station, June, 1893, to date. 

W^illiam Freeland Fullam.— Born in New York State, 1855. En- 
tered Naval Academy, September 24, 1873; graduated No. 1 in his class, 
June, 1877 ; "Marion" and "Trenton," European Station, 1877-79; final 
graduation, June, 1879; MidsJiipman, 1879-80; " Swatara," China Station, 
1879-82. Promoted Ensign, March 13, 1880 ; Naval Academy, Department 
of Applied Mathematics, and in charge Battalion of Infantry, 1883-87; prac- 
tice-ship "Dale," 1883-4; practice-ship "Constellation," 1886. Promoted 
Lieutenant (junior grade), October 7, 1886 ; " Boston," 1887-9 ; " Vesuvius," 
1889; '• Yorktown," Squadron of Evolution, 1889-90; "Chicago," Squadron 
of Evolution, 1890 ; Naval Academy, Department of Ordnance and Gun- 
nery, and in charge Battalion of Infantry, 1891-4. Promoted Lieutenant, 
May 28, 1892. 

Horace Mark W^itzel. — Born in Wisconsin. Entered Naval Academy, 
June 5,1873; graduated, June 18, 1879; " Hartford," 1877-9; "Tennes- 
see," 1879-82. Promoted Ensign, March 18, 1880 ; C. S. S. " Bache," 1882 ; 
C. S. S. " Gedney," 1883 ; special duty, Smithsonian Institution, 1883-5 ; 
" Vandalia," 1886-9. Promoted Lieutenant (junior grade), November 9, 
1886; Hydrographic Office, 1889 to June, 1892 Promoted to Lieuten- 
ant, May 29, 1892. Training-ship " Portsmouth," June, 1892, to date. 

Albert Gustavus W^interhalter. — Appointed from Michigan. En- 
tered Naval Academy, September 24, 1873 ; graduated, June 18, 1^79; En- 
sigii, July 11, 1880 ; Lieutenant (junior grade), December 14, 1886 ; '■ Swa- 
tara," N. A. Station, 1878 ; " Powhatan," N. A. Station, 1878 ; training- 



LIEUTENANTS. 231 

ship '■' Jamestown," 1882-3 ; Naval Observatory, 1884-8 ; " Yorktown," 
Squadron of Evolution, 1889, to October, 1892; leave of absence, Novem- 
ber, 1892, to January, 1893. Promoted to Lieutenant, June 30, 1892; Naval 
Observatory, January, 1893, to December, 1893 ; Bureau of Equipment, 
December, 1893, to date. 

John Madison Orchard. — Appointed from Missouri. Entered Naval 
Academy, June 11, 1873 ; graduated, June 18, 1879 ; Emign, July 11, 1880; 
Lieutenant ( junior grade), January 26, 1887; training-ship " Constitution," 
1878 ; "Tennessee," N. A. Station, 1879-81; C. S. steamer, " Bache," 1882- 
84; "Yantic," N. A. Station, 1885-7; Naval Academy, 1887, to August, 
1891. Promoted to Lieutenant, July 1, 1892. " Petrel," Asiatic Station, 
August, 1891, to date. 

John Newell Jordan. — Boi-n in Maine. Entered Naval Academy, 
June 5, 1873; graduated, June 18, 1879; "Tennessee," 1879-81. Pro- 
moted Ensiffn, October 11, 1880; C. S. schooner " Earnest," 1881-3; C. S. 
steamer " Mc Arthur," 1884 ; C. S. schooner " Earnest," 1885 ; " Tallapoosa," 
1886-7. Promoted Lieutenant (junior grade), March 1, 1887 ; " Kearsarge," 
1888 ; C. S. schooner " Earnest," 1889, to October, 1891. Promoted to Lieu- 
tenant, July 1, 1892. Inspector of Steel, October, 1891, to date. 

Augustus Francis Fechteler. — Born in Prussia. Entered Naval 
Academy, June 5, 1873 ; graduated, June 18, 1879 ; " Shenandoah," 
1879-82. Promoted Ensign, Nowemher 23,1880; C. S. schooner "Drift," 
1882-3 ; commanding C. S. schooner '' Ready," 1884; Executive Officer, C 
S. steamer" Blake," 1885; training-ship "Jamestown," 1885; "Essex," 
1886-8 Promoted Lieutenant (junior grade), March 6, 1887 ; Bureau of 
Navigation, 18(S9-90 ; Office of Naval Intelligence, November, 1890, to 
February, 1892. Promoted to Lieutenant, July 21, 1892; Fish Commission 
steamer " Albatross," Februar}', 1892, to date. 

Thomas Mason Brumby. — Born in Georgia. Entered Naval Acad- 
emy, September 25, 1873 ; graduated, June 18, 1879 ; " Tennessee," 1879-81. 
Promoted Endgn, November 26, 1880 ; receiving-ship " Franklin," 1881 ; 
" Jamestown," 1882 ; C. S. S. " Gedney," 1882-5 ; " Vandalia," 1886-9. 
Promoted Lieutenant (junior grade), April 21, 1887 ; R. S. " Vermont," 
December, 1890, to April, 1891 ; school-ship "St. Mary's," April, 1891, to 
January, 1893. Promoted to Lieutenant, August 24, 1892 ; waiting orders, 
Jan., 1893, to Aug., 1893 ; " New York," S. A. Station, Aug., 1893, to date. 

Edward Everett Wright. — Born in Massachu^etts. Entered Naval 
Academy, September 20, 1873; graduated, June 18, 1879; "Swatara," 
1879-82. Promoted Ensign, January 1, 1881 ; training-ship " New Hamp- 
shire," 1883-4; C. S. S. *" Palinurus," 1885; C. S. S. "Bache," 1885-7. 
Promoted Lieutenant (junior grade), May 21, 1887 ; training-ship " Sara- 
toga," 1887 ; "Swatara," 1887; "Yantic," 1887-90; Navy Yard, Boston, 
August, 1890, to July, 1893. Promoted to Ijieutenant, December 4, 1892 ; 
"Newark," S. A. Station, July, 1893 to date. 

Albert Gleaves. — Born in Tennessee, January 1, 1858. Appointed 
from State at large, June 13, 1873, as Cadet 3fidshipman ; was graduated 
from Naval Academy, June 20, 1877 ; ordered to U. S. S. "Hartford," flag- 
ship South Atlantic Squadron, August 23, 1877 ; detached from " Hartford " 
at Rio de Janeiro, October, 6, 1878, and permitted to return to U. S , on 
leave until March, 1879; U. S. S. "Plymouth," North Atlantic Squadron, 
March to INIay, 1879. Appointed Midshipman, July, 1879 ; October, 1879, 
to February, 1883, U. S. S. " Nipsic," European Squadron. Commissioned 
Ensign, J sinua.ry 1, 1881; from September, 1883, to May, 1884, U. S. S. 



232 LIEUTENANTS. 

"Treuton," en route to Asiatic Station; May, 1884, to May. 1886, U. S. S. 
" Monocacy." coast of China ; May to September. 1886. U. S. S. '< Trenton," 
en route to U. S. ; November. 1886, to February. 1887, ordnance duty, 
Washington Navy Yard; February, 1887. to October. 1889, Naval Ord- 
nance proving ground ; U. S. despatch vessel '' Dolphin." coast of Hayti, 
November, 1889. to May. 1891. Commissioned Lieutenant (junior grade). 
May 26, 1887; '-Boston." Pacific Station, May, 1891, to December. 1892. 
Promoted to Lieutenant, January 9, 1893 ; Navy Yard, Washington, March, 
1893. to date. 

James Philips Parker. — Born in North Carolina, September 25, 1855. 
Entered Naval Academy, June 5, 1873; graduated, June. 1877; served on 
board flag-ship " Hartford," South Atlantic, 1877-9, graduating finally in 
1879; served on U. S. S. ' Svvatara," Asiatic Station, 1879-82. Promoted 
Ensign, January 10, 1881 ; surveying duty, Atlantic Coast, on C. S. S. 
" Endeavor," 1883 ; on C. S. S. " Bache," 1883-4, and on U. S. S. " Ranger," 
Pacific Coast, 1884-7. Promoted Lieutenant (junior grade), June 30, 1887 ; 
in charge Branch Hydrographic OtRce, Baltimore, 1887-90 ; " Alert," 
Behring Sea and Asiatic Station, October, 1890, to October, 1893. Promoted 
to Lieute)iant, January 25, 1893 ; Naval Academy, October, 1-^93, to date. 

Benjamin W^ard Hodges. — Born in Mississippi. Entered Naval 
Academy, September 23, 1873; graduated, June 18, 1879; " Swatara," 
1879-82^. Promoted Ensign, February 24, 1881 ; " New Hampshire," 1883 ; 
"Ossipee," 1884-7. Promoted Lieutenant (junior grade), June 30, 1887; 
Naval Observatory, 1887-90; "Pinta," special service, October, 1890, to 
October, 1892 ; R."S. " Dale," November, 1892. to date. Promoted to Lieu- 
tenant, February 7, 1894. 

Herbert Omar Dunn. — Born in Wesley, R. I. Entered Naval Acad- 
emy, June 6, 1873, as Cadet-Midshipman ; graduated. June 18. 1879, as 
Midshipman ; from 1877-79. the part of the academic course at sea was on 
the "Hartford," in the South Atlantic; from 1879-81, on the "Minnesota," 
North Atlantic. Promoted to Ensign, March 12, 1881, and spent six months 
on leave in Paris, studying the language; *' Iroquois," in 1882, North and 
South Pacific ; " Essex," 1882, and " Palos," 1882-5, on the China Station ; 
'' Juniata," 1885-6, returning home by way of Africa ; while on the " Palos." 
held the positions of Executive-Officer and Navigator, also Acting Chief 
Engineer; Bureau of Equipment and Recruiting, 1886-9, as assistant to 
Chief of Bureau. Promoted to Lieutenant (junior grade), July 1, 1887 ; 
invented the new cast-steel patent anchor known as the " Dunn Anchor." in 
1889, now used in the service; Torpedo School, 1889; "Baltimore." 1889 to 
August, 1892 ; charge Branch Hydrographic Office, Baltimore, December, 
1892, to date. Promoted to Lieutenant, February 17, 1893. 

Arthur Wright Dodd. — Born in Indiana. ' Entered Naval Academy, 
June 6,1873; graduated, June 18,1879; '-Constitution," 1879-80. Pro- 
moted Ensign, March 29, 1881 ; R. S. " Passaic," 1881 ; " Ranger," 1881-4 ; 
C. S. S. " Eagre." 1885 ; C. S. S. " Bache," 1885 ; C. S. S. - Gedney," 1886- 
87. Promoted Lieutenant (junior grade). August 25, 1887; inspector steel, 
new cruisers, 1887 ; "Tallapoosa," 1888 to January, 1892 ; training ship " Rich- 
mond," April, 1892, to date. Promoted to Lieutenant, February 25. 1893. 

George William Denfeld. — Born in Massachusetts. Entered Naval 
Academy, September 22. 1873; graduated. June 18, 1873; -'Minnesota," 
1879-81*. Promoted JS'jW^h, April 22, 1881 ; - Iroquois." 1882 ; " Pensacola" 
1882; "Richmond," 1883; "Alert," 1883; "Enterprise," 1885; Torpedo 
Station, 1886-7. Promoted Lieutenant (junior grade), September 4. 1887 ; 



LIEUTENANTS. 233 

Bureau Navigation, 1887-9 ; "Charleston," 1889 ; " Thetis," special service, 
January, 1890, to April, 1892; Electric-Light duty, April, 1892, to May, 
1893 ; Assistant Inspector Electric Lighting, May, 18!).'>, to date. Pi-omoted 
to Lieutenant, April 27, 1898. 

Albert Weston Grant. — Born in Maine. Entered Naval Academy, 
June 9, 1878, and graduated June 20, 1877 ; " Pensacola " and " Lackawanna," 
1877-9; graduated, after two years at sea, MkUhipiwin, June 18, 1879; 
"Alliance," 1880; "Passaic" and "Speedwell," 1881-2. Promoted to 
Endgn, May 17, 1881 ; "Iroquois," 1882-5; Navy Yard, Norfolk, 1885-7; 
Torpedo Station and War College, 1886. Promoted Lieutenant (junior 
grade), November 1,1887; "Trenton," 1887-8; "Saratoga," 1888 ; special 
electric light duty, Norfolk, Philadelphia, and San Francisco, 1888-90 ; 
electric lighting of vessels, Dec, 1890, to Feb,, 1891 ; "San Francisco," N. 
A. Station, Feb.. 1891, to date. Promoted to Lieutenant, May 9, 1898. 

Philip Van Home Lansdale. — Born in District of Columbia, Febru- 
ary 15, 1858. Entered Naval Academy, June 6, 1873. Finished course at 
Naval Academv, June, 1877; "Plymouth," 1877; "Constellation," 1878; 
"Powhatan," 1879; graduated, June 18, 1879; "Swatara," 1879-82. Pro- 
moted Ensign., June 1, 1881 ; ordnance duty. Navy Yard, Washington, 1882 ; 
Torpedo Station, 1888 ; '• Galena," 1883 ; " Ossipee," 1884-7 ; ins|)ector steel, 
new cruisers, 1 887-i)0. Promoted Lievtenant ( junior grade ), March 81 , 1 888 ; 
" Philadelphia," N. A. Station, July, 1890, to" June, 1898 ; leave of absence, 
June, 189.8, to September 5, 1898; in charge of Caravels, World's Fair, 
September, 1893, to December, 1893 ; Naval Intelligence, December, 1893, 
to date. Promoted to Lieutenant, May 15, 1893. 

Horace Wellford Harrison. — Born in Massachusetts. Entered Naval 
Academy, September 2G, 1872; "Marion," 1877-8; "Trenton," 1878-9; 
"Alliance," 1879-81. Promoted Ensign, June 11, 1881; Hvdrographic 
Office, 1881-2; "Nipsic," 1883-5; Hydrographic Office, 1886-7 i C. S. 
schooner " Eagre," 1887 ; " Vermont," 1887-8 ; Inspector of Steel, new 
cruisers, 1888-9. Promoted Lieutenant (junior grade). May 22, 1888; 
"Iroquois," 1889-92; leave of absence, May, 1892, to Jan., 1893 ; Hydro- 
graphic Office, Jan., 1898, to date. Promoted to Lieutenant, June 10, 1893. 

Valentine Sevier Nelson. — Born in Tennessee. Entered Naval 
Academy, June 6, 1878; graduated, June 18, 1879. Promoted Ensign, 
December 14, 1880; "Galena," 1880-8; Naval Observatory, 1883; "Ossi- 
pee," 1884-7. Promoted Lieutenant (junior grade). May 21, 1887; Naval 
Ordnance, proving ground, 1887-90; "Charleston," Special Service Squad- 
ron, September, 1890, to June, 1893. Promoted to Lieutenant, November 
18, 1892; waiting orders, November, 1898, to date. 

William Shepherd Benson. — Native of and appointed from Georgia. 
Left the United States Naval Academy, June, 1877, and ordered to the 
" Hartford " (flag-ship), S. A. Station, in August of same year; remained 
attached to her at S. A. Station until January 1, 1879, Avhen ordered to the 
" Essex " at same station ; detached from tiie " Essex " in May, 1 879, and 
ordered home via England for final examination ; ordered to the "Constitu- 
tion," at Norfolk, in October, 1879 ; she was then detailed as a training-ship, 
and making her last cruise; detached from the "Constitution," in July, 
1881, and ordered to duty at the Brooklyn Yard. AVas promoted Ensign, 
July 27, 1881 ; detached from Brooklyn Yard, January, 1882, and ordered 
to "Alliance " on Home Station ; transferred to the " Yantic," Home Station, 
in May, 1882, and renuiined attached to her till Sc])tember, 1884 ; made the 
cruise in the " Yantic " to Littleton Island, in the summer of 1883, as convoy 



234 LIEUTENANTS. 

to the Greely velief-steamer "Proteus;'' was on duty under tlie Naval 
Advisory Board at South Boston until March, 1885, when detached and 
ordered to the Branch Hydro^raphic Office at Bahiniore. ]\Id.; detached 
fi'oni this dutv in .January, 188ti. and ordered to the Fish Coniinission 
steamer "Alhatross; " remained on this duty until latter part of Novemher, 
1887 ; in January, 1888, ordered to the " Dt)l[)hin " at Xew York, and made 
the cruise around the world in her; Naval Academy. September, 185)0, to 
October, 18;);> ; Navy Yard, Washington, October, 181);?, to date. Promoted 
to LicHtriiaiif, June 27, 181)o ; Coast Survey, January 2, 1894. 

William Venable Bronaugh. — Born in Kentucky. Entered Naval 
Academy. June ;"). 1878; oiaduated, June 18,187!); -'Tennessee," 1880; 
-Alaska." 1885. Promoted' i!;^;.^;^^, Auirust -SO. 1881 ; V. S. S. '• McAirthur." 
1881 ; C. S. 8. "Blake." 1882; C". S. S.'"Ha.^s]er," 1882-4; "Portsmouth." 
1885-8. Pnmioted Lienlenanf (junior grade). 1888; inspector steel, new 
cruisers, 1888, to Dei'ember. 18',)1 ; "Alliance," Pacific Station. January, 
1892. to date. Promoted to Licidonvif. June 27. 189;i. 

Frank Matteson Bostwick. — Born in Wisconsin. Entered Naval 
Academy, Se|)tember 2(>, 187;>; graduated, June 18, 1879; "Lackawanna," 
1880-1.' Promoted Kn.'<lgii, August 80, 1881 ; C. S. S. "^fc Arthur," 1881 ; 
C. S. S. " lias.-*ler," 1881-5; Asi'^itic Station. I88(>; " Palos," 188(5-9. Pro- 
moted Lieafcnaitt (junior grade), June 10, 1888; R. S. "Independence," 
March, 1890, to September, 1892; " Thetis," special service, September, 1892, 
to date. Promoted Llei(te)ia)it, June 27, 1898. 

James Harrison Oliver. — Bm-n in Georgia. Entered Naval Academy, 
June 12, 1878; izraduated. June 18,1879; " Swatara," 1879-81; " Ashue- 
lot," 1881-8. Promoted Knslijn, October 1, 1881 ; Artillery School, Fortress 
Monroe, 1883; "Lackawanna," 1884; " Shenandoah," 1884-6 ; "Mohican," 
1886 ; C. S. S. " IMcArthur," 1887 ; C. S. S. " I'atterson," 1887-9. Promoted 
Lientenanf {jmuov grade), September 28, 1888; " Kearsarge," 1889 to De- 
cember. 1892 ; leave of absence, December, 1892, to February, lS9"i ; Inspec- 
tor of Ordnance, Providence, February, 1898, to date. Pronioted to Lleu- 
ttnaiit July 4, 1893. 

Nich. J. Lane Trowbridge Halpine. — Born in New York. Entered 
Naval Academy, June 9, 1871; grailuated, Cadrt MidsJilpDian, June 10, 
1877; "Alliance," 1877-9. Promoted Midshipmai}, ,lnne 18, 1879; Belief 
Expedition, 1880. Promoted Ensign, October 1, 1880; R. S. "Passaic," 
1880-81 ; " Enterprise," 1882 ; " Palos," 1883-4 ; " Essex," 1884-5 ; Hydro- 
graphic Office, 1885-7 ; C. S. S. " Eagre." 1887 ; C. S. S. "Blake," 1887-8. 
Promoted Licidenant (junior sxrade), October 81, 1888; "Tallapoosa," 1889, 
to January, 1892; R.' S. "Wabash," ^lav, 1892, to date. Promoted to 
XjV*/^»o((/, July 4, 1898. 

Harry Mason Dombaugh. — Born in Ohio. Entered Naval Academy, 
June (t, 1872; graduated, June 18, 1879; Irish relief cruise " Constellation," 
1880; "Alaska," 1881-8. Promoted Ensign. October 12, 1881; " Pinta," 
1883-6; "Fortune," 1887-8; "New Hampshire," 1888. Promoted Lieu- 
tenant (\nmov grade), January 15, 1889; Superintendent of Gun-Cotton 
Factory, Torpedo Station, 1889-90; "Vesuvius," N. A. Station, June, 1890, 
to July, 1898; leave of absence, July, 1898, to October, 1898; Assistant 
Inspector of Ordnance, October, 1898, to date. Promoted Lieutenant, Ju\y 
4, 1898. 

Alfred Lovell Hall. — Born in Ohio. Entered Naval Academy, Sep- 
tember, 26, 1872 ; graduated, June 18, 1879; "Alaska," 1881-8. Promoted 
E7mgn, October 28, 1881; C. S. steamer "Geduey," 1888; C. S. steamer 



LIEUTENANTS. 285 

" Endeavor," 1883 ; C. S. steamer "Gedney," 1884-5 ; "Juniata," 1885-6 ; 
"Tallapoosa," 1880; " Kearsarge," 1886-8; commanding- C. S. steamer 
"Endeavor," 1889-00. Promoted Licnfenani (junior grade), February 12, 
1889; R.S. "Franklin," iKcomher, 1890, to January, 1898 ; '■ Monoeiicy," 
A-siatic Station, Januaiy. 189.'), to date. Promoted to LleiUctmnt, July 22, 
1898. 

Percival Julius W^erlich. — Horn in Wisconsin. JOntered Naval 
Acadeniy, dune (i, 1878, ; graduated, dune 18, 187i) ; "Allinuce," 1880-3. 
Promoted 'Ensign. Novendjer (i, 1881 ; receiving-sliij) " Coloi-ado," 1888; C. 
S. steamer " lilakc," 1884-5 ; Library Navy Deparlnient, 1885-6; "Enter- 
prise," 1887-90. Promoted JjicnlciKi id (']un\or grade), P'ebruary 19, 1889; 
inspector of steel, July, 1890, to June, 1898 ; " Philadelphia," Pacific Station, 
June, 1893, to date. Promoted to Lieufeiiaiif, September 15, 1898. 

Simon Cook. — Born in Illinois. Entered Naval Academy, June 6, 
1878; graduated, June 18,1879; "Constitution," 1880; R. S. " Franklin," 
1881. Promoted Ensign, November 15, 1881 ; " Irocpiois," 1882-5; C. S. 
S. "McArthur," 1885-6; Torpedo Station, 1887 ; "Omaha," 1888, to June, 
1891. Promoted Lieiilenant (junior grade), ]\farch 15, 1889. (Jharge 
Branch I lydrographic Office, Norfolk, Va., October, 1891, to date. Promoted 
to Liciiffnanl, Seplember 27. 1898. 

Thomas Slidell Rodgers. — Born in New York. Entered Naval 
Academy, September 24, 1874; graduated, June 4, 1880; " Oalena," 1880. 
Promoted Ensign, December 1, 1881; "Lancaster," 1880-8; "Juniata," 
1886-9; Inspector Ordnance Department, Navy Yard, Washington, 1889, 
to June, 1892. Promoted Lleidtnant (junior grade), INIarch 26, 1889 ; 
'• Chicago," N. A. Station, June, 1892, to date. Promoted to Lieafenant, 
Octo])er 1 , 1 898. 

John Gardner Quinby.— Born in New York. Entered Naval Acad- 
emy, June 12, 1884; graduated, June 4, 1880 ; " Minnesota," 1880; " Lan- 
caster," 1881-4. Promoted Ensign, February, 1882; Naval Academy, 
1884; "Constellation," 1885; Naval Academy, 1885-6; training-ship 
"Jamestown," 1886; "Constellation," 1886; Naval Academy, 1887-9. 
Promoted Lieutenant (junior grade), March 26, 1889 ; Navy Yard, Norfolk, 
1889-90; R. S. " Franklin,"\luly, 1890, to March, 1891; "Lancaster," 
Asiatic Station, March, 1891, to date. Promoted to Lieutenant, November 
5, 1898. 

James Henry Glennon. — -Entered Naval Academy, September 24, 
1874; " ( ■onstellatiou," 1875 and 1877; " Lackawanna," 1878 ; "Alaska," 
1879-80; "Pensacola," 1880; final graduation, June 4,1880; "Ranger," 
1881-5 ; last year in charge of main triangulation ; Naval Academy, 1885- 
87, as Instructor in Department of Ordnance and Gunnery ; " Constellation," 
1887, as Instructor to Cadets, in Navigation, afterwards Navigator ; Naval 
Academy, 1887-9 ; in command of Artillery Battalion, Naval Academy, 
1887 and 1888 ; author of two works on gunnery for cadets. Naval Academy. 
Promoted to Lieutenant (junior grade), jNFarch 26, 1889;' Mare Island, 188!)- 
90, in connection with electric-light plant of " Charleston ;" attached to 
" CJharleston," Pacific Station, 1890, to March, 1898 ; Naval Academy, April 
189;>. to date. Promoted to fAeutenant, Decetnber 26, 1893. 

William Rees Rush.— Born in Pennnsylvania. Entered Naval Acad- 
emy, June 6, 1872 ; graduated, June 18, 1879 ; "Constitution," 1880 ; " Pas- 
saic," 1881. Promoted to Ensign, October 15,1881; "Ranger," 1881-6; 
ordiumce duty. Navy Yard, Washington, 1887; Hydrographic Office, 1888; 
" Boston," Squadron of Evolution, 1889-90. Promoted to Lieutenant (jun- 



236 LIEUTENANTS. 

ior grade), February 11,1889; "Boston," Pacific Station, July, 1891. to 
December, 1893; leave of absence, December, 1893, to date. Promoted to 
Lieutenant, December 6, 1893. 

Harry Shepard Knapp. — Born in New Britain, Conn., June 27, 1856. 
Entered Naval Academy, June 26, 1874, from First District, Conn., Gen. 
Hawley, representative; graduated from Naval Academy, June, 1878; 
finally graduated and appointed Mkhhipman, June 4, 1880. Promoted 
Ensign, from February 16, 1882. Promoted lAeutenant (junior grade), 
from March 31, 1889. Promoted Lieutenant, from January 23, 1894. From 
October 1, 1878, to March 12, 1880, attached to flag-ship " Pensacola," on 
Pacific Station ; from July 28, 1880, to January 9, 1882, attached to train- 
ing-ship " jNIinnesota ; " attached to "Jamestown," from February 1, 1882, 
to July 6, 1882, during her cruise from San Francisco to Newport, via Cape 
Horn ; from July 13, 1882, to November 30, 1883, attached to Coast and 
Gulf Survey steamer "Blake;" from December 1, 1883, to June 7, 1884. 
on special duty at Smithsonian Institution; from June 10, 1884, to Septem- 
ber 1, 1888, on duty at the Naval Academy, as Instructor in Department 
Physics and Chemistry ; from September 4, 1888, to November 21, 1888, on 
duty at Boston Branch Hydrographic Oftice ; ''Atlanta," November 24, 
1888, to August, 1891 ; Naval Academy, as Instructor in Department of 
Applied Mathematics, August, 1891, to date. 



LIEUTENANTS ON THE RETIRED LIST. 

Retired from incapacity resulting from long and faithful service. 

Henry R. Baker. — Acting Ensign. August 11, 1862; Acting Mader 
July 6, 1864; transferred to regular service, and retired as Lieutenant, De- 
cember 6, 1876. 

James A. Chesley. — Born in New Hampshire. Entered the Volunteer 
Navy, in October, 1.S61, and served during the Rebellion, In 1868 was an 
Ensign in regular service; Master, December, 1868. Commissioned as 
Lieutenant, Marcli 21, 1870 ; receiving-ship "New York," 1869-70; "Ajax," 
(iron-clad), North Atlantic Fleet, 1871; receiving-shij) " New York," 1872 ; 
" Juniata " (third-rate). North Atlantic Fleet, 1873 ; " Kansas " (third-rate). 
North Athmtic Fleet, 1874; commanding " iNIanhattan " (iron-clad). North 
Atlantic Fleet, 1875-8; commanding " Mahopac," 1879-83 ; commanding 
"Ajax," and monitors, 1883. Retired, January 22, 1884. 

William Watts. — Born in New York. Entered Naval Academy, 
April 10, 1862; graduated, 1866; "Iroquois," Asiatic Station, 1866-9. 
Promoted to Ensign, April, 1868; practice-ship "Macedonian," 1869. Pro- 
moted to Master, March 26, 1869 ; " Congress " (second-rate). North Atlantic 
Fleet, 1870-1. Commissioned as Lieutenant, March 21, 1870; torpedo 
service, 1872-3; "Brooklyn," flag-ship, South Atlantic Fleet, 1874-5; 
" Monongahela," South Atlantic Station, 1876 ; ordnance duty. New York 
Navy Yard, 1877-8; "Alert," 1879-80. Retired, January 31, 1883. 

William McC. Little. — Born in New York. Entered Naval Academy, 
March 11, 1863 ; graduated, 1866 ; North Atlantic Station, 1867. Promoted 
to £u6%», April, 1868; "Franklin," flag-ship, European Fleet, 1868-71. 
Promoted to Master, March 26, 1869. Commissioned as Lieutenant, March 
21, 1870; leave in Europe, 1876; torpedo duty, 1873; " Swatara." North 
Atlantic Squadron, 1874-7; ordnance duty, Navy Yard, New York, 1878; 



LIEUTENANTS. 237 

"Minnesota," 1878-80; "New Hampshire," 1881; "Adams," 1882; "Min- 
nesota," 1883. Retired. May 16, 1884. 

Charles H. Judd. — Born in New York. Entered Naval Academy, 
September 23, 1863; graduated, 1866; "Ossipee," North Pacific Fleet, 
18(57-9. Promoted to Ensign, April, 1868 ; and to Master, March 26, 1869 ; 
" Miantonomah," special service, Europe, 1869-70. Commissioned as Lieu- 
tenant, March 21, 1870; "Michigan" (fourth-rate), 1871 ; "Nipsic," North 
Atlantic Squadron, 1872; R. S. 'Vermont," 1873-4; "Plymouth," North 
Atlantic Station, 1875-8 ; Hydrographic Office, 1875-81 ; "Alaska," 
1881-3 ; torpedo station, 1883 ; "Galena," 1883-5. Retired, Dec. 18, 1885. 

Douglas Roben. — Born May 4, 1847, in Ohio. Appointed from Ohio ; 
entered Naval Academy as Midshipman, September 23, 1862 ; distinguished 
for proficiency in mathematical studies; was graduated, June 12, 1866; 
ordered to the "Ossipee," October, 1866, then at Philadelphia; made a two 
years' cruise in the Pacific via Straight of Magellan. Was commissioned as 
Ensign, in March, 1868 ; served a short time on the " Cyane," while in the 
Pacific. Commissioned as Master, March 26, 1869 ; in 1869 was assigned to 
the "Supply," at Boston, as Navigator, being then only twenty-two yeai's of 
age ; made a cruise to the Mediterranean in that vessel on the occasion of 
establishing the present naval store-house at Villafranche ; on return to the 
United States, was ordered to join the " Severn," but a serious difficulty 
having developed itself in his eyes, as a result of exposure on duty, recpiested 
duty on shore; was ordered to Naval Station, Mound City. Ills., as Execu- 
tive-Officer; ordered in 1871 to the "Shawmut," going to South Atlantic; 
while in West Indies, the trouble in his eyes became aggravated and he was 
granted sick leave ; in November, 1872, was placed on retired list for disa- 
bility incurred in the line of duty. 

Frank Turnbull. — Born in District of Columbia. Appointed from 
New Mexico; Naval Academy, September 20, 1861. Commissioned as 
Ensign, 1866; Master, 1869; Naval Observatory, 1869-70; JAeidenant, 
June 21, 1870; "Brooklyn," European Station, 1870-2; leave of absence 
in Europe, 1876-7; retired July 10, 1877. 

Richard Mason Lisle. — Born in Pennsylvania. Entered the Naval 
Academy, September 25, 1862; graduated, 1866 ; " Yantic," N. A. Station, 
1866 ; " Rhode Island," N. A. Station, 1866 ; " Susquehanna," N. A. Station, 
1866-7; " Guerriere," flag-ship, S. A. Squadron, 1867-8. Promoted to En- 
sign, April, 1868; "Wasp," S. A. Station, 1868-9. Promoted to Master, 
March 2(), 1869 ; "Terror" (iron-clad), N. A. Station, 1869-70. Commis- 
sioned as Lieidenant, March 21, 1870; Navy Yard, Philadelphia, 1871; 
Torpedo Station, 1871-2 ; "Lackawanna," Asiatic Station, 1872-3 ; "Hart- 
ford," flag-ship, Asiatic Station, 1873-5 ; Navy Yard, League Island, 1876; 
" Alliance," European Station, 1877-9 ; Navy Yard, League Island, 1880-3. 
Retired, January 24, 1883. 

Charles P. Shaw. — Born in Virginia. Entered Naval Academy, Sep- 
tember 25, 1863 ; graduated, 1867 ; "Franklin," flag-ship, European Fleet, 
1867-9. Promoted to Ensign, 1868 ; " Portsmouth," S. A. Fleet, 1869-71. 
Promoted to Master, ls70. Commissioned as Lieutenant, 1871 ; " Pensa- 
cola," flag-ship, South Pacific Station, 1873-6 ; " Hartford," flag-ship, North 
Atlantic Station, 1.S76-8; Hydrographic Office, 1879-80. Retired, June 
4, 1883. 

John Thomas Sullivan. — Born in New York. Entered Naval Acad- 
emy, October, 1862; graduated, 1867; " Quinnebaug," July, 1867, to Septem- 
ber, 1868 ; flag-ship, " Guerriere," S. A. Station, September, 1868, to May, 



23S LIEUTENANTS. 

1869. Promoted to Ensign, December 18, 1868; " Quiunebaus:," Mav, 
1869, to July, 1870. Pronioted Master, March 21, 1870 ; K. .S. "Vermouth" 
August and September, 1870 ; duty on stati' of Admiral S. H. Stringham. 
October to November, 1870 ; " Guard," Darien Expedition, November, 1870, 
to July, 1871. Promoted to Lieutenant March 21, 1871; "Wyoming," 
West Indies, October, 1S71, to October, 1872 ; duty on Darien Expedition, 
Dec, 1872, to May, 1873; tlag-ship "Frolic," August, 1878, to January, 
1874; " Ticonderoga," January 10, 1874, to February 22,1874; February 
22, 1874, ordered to escort a commission of civil engineers over the Napipi 
Inter-oceanic Canal route ; " Roanoke," May, 1874, to December, 1874 ; 
Darien Expedition, December, 1>:74. to May, 1875 ; ordnance duty. Navy 
Yard, New York, July, 1875, to September, 1876 ; " Essex," West Indies, Sep- 
tember, 1876, to April, 1877 ; special duty. Bureau of Navigation, December, 
1879, to November, l^Sl ; commanding Coast Survey steamer, "Endeavor," 
November 1882, to April, 1884 ; sick leave, July, 1884, to December, 18S4 ; 
"Minnesota," December, 1884, to October, 1885; "Brooklyn," October, 
1885 ; sick leave, November, 1885, to April, 1886. Retired ^iay 12. 1886. 

John William Hagenman. — Born in Pennsylvania. Entered Naval 
Academy, July 21, 1863 ; graduated, 1867; "Susquehanna." North Atlan- 
tic Station, 1867-8. Promoteil to Ensign, 1868 ; " Portsmouth," South At- 
lantic Fleet, 1869-71. Promoted to MaJiter, 1870. Commissioned as Lieu- 
tenant, 1871 ; Coast Survey, 1872-5; "Marion," European Fleet, 1876-8 ; 
"Marion," 1878; ordnance duty, Navy Yard, League Island, 1879-80: 
nautical school-ship "St. Marv's," 1880-3; "Marion," 1885-8. Retired, 
]\[ay 3, 18,sH. 

Edwin Samuel Jacob, — Born in Virginia. Entered Naval Academy, 
October 14, 1862; graduated, 1867 ; Asiatic Station, 1867-70. Promoted to 
En^^ign, l^()S; to il/(/-s/t>)', 1870. Commissioned as Lieutenant, 1871; Coast 
Survey, 1871-4; " Powhatan," special service. North Atlantic Station, 1875 
-77; Hydrographic Oiiice. 1877-8; "Marion." South Atlantic Squadron, 
1879-82; Hydrographic Office, 1883-4 Retired, January 7, 1885. 

^Ai''illiam Little. — Born in Ohio. Entered Naval Academy, September 
29, 1863 ; graduated, 1867 ; " Minnesota," special cruise, 1867-8. Promoted 
to Ensign, 1S()S; "Dictator" (^iron-clad). North Atlantic Fleet, 1869-70. 
Promoted to Master, 1870. Commissioned as Lieutenant, 1871 ; "Narragau- 
set," special survey on Pacific, 1871-3; receiving-ship " Potomac," 1873-4; 
" Ashuelot," Asiatic Fleet. 1875-8 ; " ]\Iinnesota.'"l878-80 ; " Yantie," 1880 ; 
"Miantonomah." 1882; " Wachusett," 1885; receiving-ship "Vermont," 
1886-7; tor})edo station, 1887; receiving-ship "New Hampshire," 1887: 
"Richmond," 1888-9. Retired. June 26,^1889. 

Frederick William Greenleaf. — Born in jNIaine. Entered Naval 
Academy. July 29, 1863; graduated, 1867; " Quinnebaug," South Atlantic 
Station. 18(57-70. Promoted to En-^ign, 1868; and to Ma.-'fer. 1870 ; Darien 
Expedition, 1870-2. Commissioned as Lieutenant. 1871 ; " ^lonocacy," Asi- 
atic Squadron, 1873-7 ; " Wvoming," 1878-81; "Michiiran," 1881-3. Re- 
tired, April 30. 1884. 

James M. Grimes. — Born in Cadiz, Ohio, November 21, 1847. 
Entered U. S. Naval Academy, July 23, 1863; graduated. June, 1867: 
joined U. S. frigate "Minnesota," July, 1867. on special cruise; detached 
from " Minnesota." at xlspinwall, January, 1868, to join the Pacific Squadron ; 
went by rail to Panama; passenger on " Wateree " to Callao. Peru, where 
joined the sloop-of-war "Dakota;" served on the Pacific Station till Febru- 
ary, 1871, on the "Dakota" and " Resaca;" made the cruise of the South 



LIEUTENANTS. 239 

Pacific Islands on the latter in 1869-70. Promoted to Ensipv, December, 
1868; to Master, March, 1870; ordered to Torpedo School, June, J871 ; 
attended a course of lectures at the school. Commissioned Lieutenant, 
December, 1871; ordered to frigate '' Powhatan," February, 1872, home 
station ; detached and ordei-ed to monitor '' Saugus," Gulf Station, Decem- 
ber, 1873; detached from her at Pensacola, when vessel was laid up, duly, 
1874; ordered to Coast Survey steamer " Blake," September, 1874 ; engaged 
in surveying and deep-sea soundings off the passes of the Mississippi, and 
deep-sea soundings from mouth of Rio Grande to Dry Tortugas, Gulf of 
Mexico, winter of 1874-5 ; July, 1875, ordered to command the Coast 
Survey steamer " Fathomer ; " engaged surveying portions of the Delaware 
River, summer season, 1875, and in Core SouikI, North Cai'olina, the winter 
season, 1875-6; detached from command of " Fathomer," August, 187*); 
joined the " Ranger," November, 1876, while fitting out at Philadelphia for 
China; went to Cliina iv'a Suez Canal and Red Sea; detached from China 
Station, November, 1878; ordered to New York Navy Yard, June, 1879; 
detached and joined '' Powhatan," home station, September, 1880 ; cruised 
on " Powhatan," thirty-one months, that commission being detached, Octo- 
ber, 1883. Retired, May 22, 1886. 

Hobart Levi Tremain. — Born in New York. Entered Naval Acad- 
emy, September 30, 1864; graduated, 1868; Pacific Fleet, 1868-9. Pro- 
moted to Ensign, 1869 ; "Terror," (iron-clad), N. A. Fleet, 1869-70. Pro- 
moted to 3Iader, 1870. Commissioned as Lieutenant, 1872 ; " Hartford," 
flag-ship, Asiatic Station, 1873-5; Minnesota" (training-ship), 1875-8; 
" Ticondei'oga," special service, 1878-81 ; Navy Yard, New York, 1881-4; 
training-ship "Jamestown," 1884; training-ship "Portsmouth," 1884-7; 
Navy Yard, New York, 1887-90. Retired, May 19, 1891. 

Ambrose Barkley Wyckoff.— Born Apri'l 29, 1848, at Delhi, Illinois. 
Entered Naval Academy, September 29, 1864, and graduated number twelve 
in a class of eighty-four, June 10, 1868. Promoted to Ensign, April 19, 

1869 ; to Master, July 12, 1870, and to Lieutenant, October 25, 1872 ; served 
on the " Portsmouth," in Brazil, 1868, and on the "Nantasket," around the 
Island of Hayti and St. Domingo, during annexation scheme in 1869 and 

1870 ; sent home completely broken down in health, and was on sick-leave 
for two years ; from 1872 to 1874, served on " Wyoming " and " Wachuset," in 
the West Indies, and surveying coast of Mexico ; training-ship " Ports- 
mouth," 1875-6 ; Coast Survey, 1877-80, surveying coast of California and 
Puget Sound ; from 1881 to 1884, was on "Swatara," "Ashuelot,"" Richmond" 
and " Monocacy," in China, Japan and Corea. When the " Ashuelot " was 
sunk oft' the coast of China in February, 1883, Lieutenant Wyckoft', left his 
own boat and took the Chinese, sick, servants and other idlers out of three boats 
into the small uiuiuvnageable steam cutter, which was adrift without a boiler in 
the thick fog and darkness, and sent the three em]>ty boats back to the sink- 
ing ship for the captain, officers and men remaining on board. Thirty-three 
were with difticulty saved in the steam cutter, when only twelve were 
stationed in her at " Abandon Ship." The next day and night he pulled, 
with a volunteer crew, about forty miles through the fog to the main land, 
and procured assistance for the survivors on the island ; in 1884, 1885 and 
1886, he was in charge of the Hydrographic Office at Philadelphia ; was elected 
a member of the American Philosophical Society, and an honorary member of 
the Franklin Institute, for his services as a judge at the Electrical Exhibition 
and on the competitive tests of dynamo-electric machines ; in 1884, he was 
the first naval ofiicer to propose and urge the use of oil in storms at sea ; 



240 LIEUTENANTS. 

altliougli nuioh ridiculed at the time, the use of oil in storms has since become 
almost universal, and has saved a great many vessels and lives; in 1887 
and 1888, he served as Flag-Secretary to Rear- Admiral Braine, on the South 
Atlantic Station ; in 1889, he was made Assistant to the Chief of the Bureau 
of Yards and Docks, Navy Department, having special charge of the in- 
stallation of electric plants at navy yards; under the law of March 2, 1891, 
he was ordered by the Hon. Secretary of the Navy, to proceed to Puget 
Sound, and select and juirchase the lands for the Puget Sound Naval Station, 
and locate the dry-dock authorized ; having perforuied tliis responsible duty 
to the satisfaction of the Hon. Secretary, he was ordereil September 15, 1891, 
as the lirst C'onnnandant of the new station ; in February, 189;>, he was sent 
before the Retiring Board, on account of rheumatism, caused by arduous 
duties and exposure, a six months' sick-leave was given him ; but his pro- 
motion falling due he was ordered up for examination, and July 3, 189.'>, was 
honorably phu-ed on the Retired List of the Navy, for disease incurred in 
the line of duty. 

Nathan Hale Barnes. — Born in Windham County. Conn., August 12, 
184G. Entered Naval Academy, July 27, 1803, from Illinois; on sick-leave, 
1865-(i; graduated, June 2, 18G8; served on the ''Tuscarora" and "Albany." 
inl8G8-9, in the Pacific and N. A. Fleets. Commissioned Ensign, A\n-\\ 
19, 1809 ; Master, July 12, 1870, and LieKfenanf, December 12, 1872 ; served 
in the ''Ojiward" and '' St. JNIary's," Pacific Fleet, 1870-3 ; " Canandaigua," 
'• Plymouth," antl monitor " Mahopac," N. A. Fleet, 1873-6 ; training-shi[) 
"Minnesota," 1877-9; >'Nipsic," Eurojiean Fleet, 1879-82; Torpedo Sta- 
tion, 1883; special duty at Illinois College, 1883-6; sj>ecial cruise around 
the world in the "Juniata." 1886-9; Training Station, Newport, R. I., 
1889-90 ; received the degree of Doctor of Philosophy from Illinois College, 
in 1886. Retired, February 18, 1891. 

^A(^ebster Doty. — Born in AVisconsin. Entered Naval Academy, July 
27, 1864; graduated, 1868; Pacific P'leet, 1868-9. Promoted to iJnsi(/n, 
1869 ; " Yantic," N. A. Fleet, 1870-1. Promoted to Master, 1870 ; " Michi- 
gan," 1872; " Tuscarora," surveying on Pacific, 1872-4. Commissioned as 
Lieutenant, 1873; " Pensacola." Pacific Fleet, 1875; "Hartford," N. A. 
Fleet, 1875-6; receiving-ship " AVyoming," 1877 ; " INIonongahela," 1878-9 ; 
"Shenandoah," 1880-2'; " Minnesota," 1882 ; " Kearsarge," 1883-4. Re- 
tired, February 28, 1887. 

Andrew Charles McMechan. — Born in Ohio. Entered Naval Acad- 
emy, February 24, 1863; graduated, 1868; Pacific Fleet, 1868-74. Pro- 
moted to ii^/^.s/f;//, April 19, 1869; and to Master, July 12,1870; Asiatic 
Station, 1874-77. Commissioned as Lieutenant, January 6, 1874; " Quinne- 
baug," European Sipunlron, 1878-81 ; R. S. " Independence," 1881-2. Re- 
tired, October 29, 1883. 

James Franklin. — Born in Maryland. Entered Naval Academy, Se])- 
tember 26, 1865; graduated, 1869; "Sabine," special cruise, 1869-70. 
Promoted to Ensign, 1870; signal duty, 1870-1; Asiatic Fleet, 1871-4. 
Promoted to Master, 1872 ; Coast Survey, 1874-6. Commissioned as Lieii- 
tennnt, 1875 ; t(»rpedo duty, 1877. Retired, March 9, 1880. 

Harry Muhlenburg jacoby.— Born in Pennsylvania. Entered Naval 
Academy, July 27, 18(56; "Shenandoah" and " Wachusett," Europe, 1870- 
73 ; " Worcester," N. A. Station, 1873-4. Promoted Ensign, July 13, 1871. 
Promoted Master, April 9, 1874; "Yantic," Asiatic Station, 1874-7 ; Coast 
Survey, 1878-80 Promoted Lieutenant, July 11, 1880 ; Navy Yard, League 
Island, 1881 ; " Lackawanna," 1881-2. Retired, November 16, 1883. 



LIEUTENANTS. 241 

Samuel Lindsay Graham. — Born at Carlisle, Pennsylvania. Ap- 
pointed I'roni Pennsylvania to N. A., July, 1866 ; graduated, June, 1870 ; 
Ensign, July, 1871; Master, June, 1874 ; Lieutenant, November, 1880 ; 
U. S. S. "Guerriere," European Station, 1870-72 ; ran on Vado Kock, near 
Leghorn, Italy ; ship sent home, condemned and sold ; U. S. S. " Portsmouth " 
(surveying). Pacific Station, 1872-4; landed forces at Honolulu during riots 
attending election of King Kalakaua ; U. S. S. "Saranac," Pacific Station, 
from 1874 until wrecked at Seymour Narrows, British Columbia, June, 1875; 
transferred to U. S. S. "Tuscarora," Pacific Station (deep-sea sounding), 
i'rom September, 1875, to August, 1876 ; called at A])ia, Samoa, to inquire 
about deportment of Steinburger, by an English man-of-war ; U. S. S. 
"Plvmouth," 1876-1) ; during which time had two epidemics of yellow fever 
on board; U. S. Hydrographic Office, 1879-80; U. S. S. "Constellation," 
March, to June, 1880 — L-ish Relief cruise ; U. S. Ilydrographic Office, 
1880-81; U. S. S. "Lancaster," European Station, 18*81-4 ; at bombard- 
ment of Alexandria, Egypt, and landed with forces to assist in restoinng order 
until arrival of English troops ; at Cronstadt, Russia, during the festivities 
attending the coronation of the present Czar, Alexander III. ; Branch 
Hydrographic Office, Baltimore, 1884-7 ; U. S. S. "Trenton," Pacific Station, 
1887, until her wreck at Apia, Samoa, March, 1889 ; at Apia, Samoa, in 
charge of wrecking party, April, May and June, 1889; inspector of steel 
at Linden Steel Works, September, 1889, to November, 1892 ; Navy Yard, 
Washington, November, 1892, to March, 1893; U. S. S. " Bancroft,"' March, 
1893, to July, 1893; taking part in Naval Review of 1893; condemned by 
Medical Survey, July, 1893, and granted sick leave ; incapacitated for 
further active duty by disease contracted at Apia, Samoa, while engaged in 
wrecking "Trenton" and " Vanchdia," and retired December, 25, 1893. 

Timothy Gardner Coffin Salter. — Naval apprentice. N. A. Septem- 
ber, 186() ; £nsif/n, July, 1871; Master, November, 1871; Lieutenant, August, 
1881; " Congress," special service, 1870-1; Coast Survey, 1875-80; "Mar- 
ion," S. A. Station, 1880-3 ; Torpedo Station, 1883 ; JN'aval Station, New 
London, 1883-5 ; training-ship " Portsmouth," 1885-8 ; Inspector of Ord- 
nance, Midvale Steel Works, 1889, to June, 1892 ; " Chicago," N. A. Station, 
June, 1892, until date of retirement, June 26, 1893. i 

Albert Jonett Dabney. — Entered Naval Academy, October 1, 1867; 
graduated, June 6, 1871; served on European Station on board U. S. ship 
" Wachusett," fiag-ships "Wabash," and " Brooklyn," 1871-3. Promoted to 
Ensign, July 15, 1872 ; served on North Atlantic Station on board the U. S. 
ships "Plymouth," " Shawmut," and "Dictator," 187-1-7. Promoted to 
Master, April 6, 1875 ; served on board U. S. S. " New Hampshire," 1878 ; 
served on Asiatic Station, U. S. S. "Alert," 1879-82. Promoted Lieutenant, 
February 16, 1882 ; served in Hydrographic Office, Washington, D. C, 
1884. Retired, July 1, 1885. 

Francis 'Winslow. — Born in Italy. Entered Naval Academy, July 
22,1865; " Guerriere," 1869-72 ; R. S. "Sabine," 1873; "Alaska," 1874- 
76 ; Coast Survey, 1876-9. Promoted Ensign, July 13, 1871. Promoted 
Master, October 7, 1874 ; " Saratoga," 1880 ; special duty, Fish Commission, 
1882-4 ; " Yantic," 1884-5 ; commanding C. S. schooner " Scoresby," 
1886-9. Piomoted Lieutenant, May 11, 1881. Retired, March 14, 1889. 

John Downes, — Appointed at large. Naval Academy, 1867; Mid- 
shipman, June, 1871 ; Ensign, July, 1872; Master, April, 1875 ; Lieutenant, 
May, 1882; "Franklin," Europe, 1875-6; "Alliance," European Station, 
1877-9 ; receiving-ship " Wabash," 1880-3 ; " Tennessee," North Atlantic 

16 



242 LIEUTENANTS. 

Station, 1883-5; Branch Hydrographic Office. Boston, 1885-90. Retired, 
January 26, 1891. 

Milton Klinger Schwenk. — Entered Naval Academy, June 1, 1872; 
"Omaha," South Pacific, 1876-8; "Alliance," N. A. Station, 1878-81. 
Promoted Ensign., July 15, 1872. Promoted Master, October 23, 1878; 
"Tallapoosa," 1882-3; nautical school-ship "St. Mary's," 1884-6; "Alert," 
1886-7. Promoted Lieutenant, July 31, 1S85. Retired, May 14, 1889. 

Charles Macklin McCarteney. — Born in Philadelphia, August 16, 
1854. Appointed from the Third Congressional District to the Naval 
Academy, September 22, 1870; graduated, June 21, 1875 (lost one year 
from accident received at Fire Quarters Drill). Commissioned Ensign, July 
18, 1876; Master^ June 20, 1882; Lieutenant (junior grade), March 3, 
1883; Lieutenant. March 26, 1889; served on the following vessels: 
"Swatara," September, 1875, to September, 1877; "Passaic," February, 
1878, to July, 1878; "Nipsic," November, 1879, to March, 1883; "Wyan- 
dotte," October, 1883, to April, 1884 ; command of tug " Speedwell," 
August, 1884, to March, 1885 ;" Omaha," March, 1885, to May, 1888; 
intermediate shore duty. Torpedo Station, and various periods of service at 
the Hydrographic Office. Retired, December 10, 1891. 

Frank John Milligan, — Appointed from Tennessee. Naval Academy, 
June 28, 1869; graduated, June 1, 1874. Ensign, July 17, 1876. Master, 
November 6, 1881. Lieutenant ( junior grade), March 31, 1883. Lieutenant, 
March 31, 1888; Asiatic Station, 1874-6; '-Alliance," N, A. Station, 
1876-7; receiving-ship "St. Louis," 1877-8; " Richmond," Asiatic Station, 
1879-81; Navy Yard, Washington, 1882-3; "Ossipee." Asiatic Station, 
1884—5 ; sick leave, 1886 ; Steel Inspection Board, 1887-9 ; " Dolphin," 
around the world, 1889 ; Training Squadron, 1891. Retired on account of 
heart disease. May 28, 1892 ; waiting orders, November, 1890, to March, 
1891; " Monongahela " (training-ship), March, 1891, to date of retirement, 
May 28, 1892. 

Retired as not recommended for promotio)i. 

George McCully McClure. — Appointed from Pennsylvania. Entered 
navy, September 29, 1859, as Acting 3Iid.'<Jiipman. Promoted to Midshi]»nan, 
July 16, 1862; Ejisig)i, October 1, 1863; blaster, May 10, 1866; Lieutenant, 
Februarv 21, 1867 ; special duty, Ei-ie, Pa., 1865 ; " Juniata," 1866 ; 
" Shamokin," 1868. Retired, November 9, 1868. 

Befired. vnder Act of August 3, 1861. 

Arthur Henry Fletcher. — Born in England. Appointed an Acting 
Midshipman at Naval Academy, November 28, 1861: graduated, 1865; 
" Rhode Island," flag-ship. West India Squadron, 1865-66. Promoted to 
Ensign, December 1, 1866; "Ii'oquois" (third-rate), Asiatic Station, 1867- 
70. Promoted to blaster, March 12, 1868. Commissioned as Ijieutenant, 
March 26, 1869; "Idaho," store-ship, Asiatic Fleet, 1871; ordnance duty, 
Navy Yard, AVashington, 1872 ; commanding receiving-ship " Relief." 1873 ; 
"Intrepid" (fourth-rate), 1874; "Kansas" (third-rate). North Atlantic Sta- 
tion, 1875; Asiatic Station, 1876; "Huron" (third-rate), 1876-7; under 
suspension, 1878-9 ; waiting orders, 1880. Retired, October 11, 1881. 

John Codman Soley. — Born in Massachusetts. Appointed to Naval 
Academy, Sei)ti'mber 20, 1862, and graduated in 1866 ; "Sacramento," 1866, 
wrecked on coast of India, 1867; ordnance duty in Boston, 1867-8. Pro- 
moted to Ensign, April, 1868; "Nipsic" (fourth-rate), North Atlantic 
Station, 1868-9. Promoted to Master, March 26, 1869; Flag-Lieutenant, 



LIEUTENANTS. 243 

North Atlantic Station, 1869, " Severn," (flag). Promoted to Lieutenant, 
March 21, 1870; Instructor in Ordnance, Naval Academy, 1871-2 ; Flag- 
Lieutenant, European Squadron, 1878-7, "Wabasli" (flag), "Franklin" 
(flag), " Marion " (flag), " Trenton " (flag); Instructor in Ordnance, Naval 
Academy, 1877-80; Executive Officer, " Saratoga," 1880-2 ; Naval Attache, 
Paris, 1882. Retired for color-blindness, February 24, 1885. Organized 
Naval Battalion of Massachusetts Vol. Militia and commissioned Lieutenant- 
Commander, March, 1890. Commissioned Captain, commanding Naval 
Brigade, M. V. M., March, 1893. 

Jerome Edward Morse. — Appointed from Massachusetts. Midshipman, 
October 11, 1862; Endgn, March 12, 1868; Master, M-Axch 26, 1869 ; Lieu- 
tenant, March 21, 1871 ; " Pawnee," 1867-9 ; " Dictator," 1870 ; " Omaha," 

1872. Retired, July 22, 1874. 

John Forsyth Meigs. — Born in Pennsylvania. Entered Naval Acad- 
emy, October 4, 1862; graduated, June, 1867; ordered to "Piscataqua" 
(afterwards " Delaware"), China, October 10, 1867; ordered to "Iroquois" 
(transferred at Nagasaki), May 22, 1869. Promoted to Ensign^ December 
18, 1868; arrived in " Ii-oquois " at Philadelphia, and was detached, April, 
1870. Promoted to Master, Mn.rch. 21,1870; reported at Washington for 
signal duty, June 15, 1870; detached from signal duty and ordered to the 
" Guerriere," August 16, 1870 (Europe); detached from " Guerriere," March 
11. 1872. Promoted to Lieutenant^ March 21, 1871 ; ordered to League 
Island Navy Yard, March 23, 1872 ; detached July 9, 1872 ; reported at 
Newport for torpedo instruction, September 1, 1872 ; detached, June 23, 
1873; reported on board '' Pensacola " (South Pacific), October 1, 1873; 
transferred to " Omaha " (Callao), April 15, 1874; transferred to " Onward " 
(Callao), June 1, 1875 ; transferred to " Richmond," July 1, 1875 ; detached 
from " Richmond" and ordered home, June 5, 1876 ; Naval Academy, 1876 ; 
"Pensacola," Pacific Station, 1877-80; Torpedo Station, 1881; Naval 
Academy, 1881-5; Bureau of Navigation, 1885-6 ; "Richmond," North 
Atlantic Station, 1886-9 ; Bureau of Navigation, 1889-90. Retired for color- 
blindness, August 3, 1891, when ordei'ed for examination for promotion to 
Lieutenant-Commander. 

Charles Allston Stone. — Born in Pennsylvania. Entered Naval 
Academy, July 27, 1S64; graduated, 1868; "Jamestown," Pacific Fleet, 
1868-9. Promoted to Ensign, 1869; " Nantasket," North Atlantic Fleet, 
1870-2. Promoted to Master, 1S70. Commissioned as Lieidenant, 1872; 
" Mahopac " (iron-clad). North Atlantic Station, 1873 ; " Fortune," special 
service, 1873-4; Navy Yard, Washington, 1875-7; "Trenton," flagship, 
European Fleet, 1877-9; Naval Academy, 1879-83; "Mohican," Pacific 
Station, 1885-7 ; Bureau of Ordnance, 1887-91 ; leave of absence, March, 
1891, to date of retirement, December 25, 1893. 

Horace Parker Mcintosh. — Appointed from Indiana by the Hon. 
George W. Julian. Entered the U. S. Naval Academy, June 28, 1867 ; 
graduated, June 6, 1871 ; attached to U. S. S. " California," Pacific Squadron, 
from Aug. 25 to Aug. 30, 1871 ; served on board U. S. S. "Mohican," Pacific 
Squadron, from Aug. 30, 1871, to June 15, 1872 ; U. S. S. " Lackawanna," 
Asiatic Squadron, June 15, 1872, to December 18, 1873. Commissioned as 
Ensign, July 14, 1872 ; U. S. S. " Palos," Asiatic Squadron, December 18, 

1873, to June 1, 1874; U. S. S. " Monocacy," Asiatic Squadron, January 5, 
1>S75, to August 27, 1877. Commissioned' as ^faster, June 27, 1875; U. S. 
S. " Kearsarge," homeward bound from Nagasaki, Japan, to Boston, Mass , 
August 27, 1877, to January 15, 1878 ; U. S. Hydrographic Oflice, Wash- 



244 LIEUTENANTS. 

ington, D. C, May 29, 1878, to January 31, 1879; U. S. S. " Shenaudoab," 
South Atlantic Squadron, September G, 1879, to May 22, 1882, as Flag- 
Lieutenant to Rear- Admiral Andrew Brysou ; U. S. Hydrograpluc Office, 
AVashingtou, D. C, September 9, 1882, to August 31, 1883. Commissioned 
as Lieutenant. October 22, 1882; U. S. S. " Miantonomah," special service, 
September 1, 1883, to September 22, 1883 ; U. S. Hvdrograpbic Office, 
Washington, D. C, September 24, 1883, to March 19, 1885; U. S. S. " Pen- 
sacola," European Squadron, March 20, 1885, to March, 1888 ; in charge of 
Branch Hydrographic Office, San Francisco, Cal., May 31,1888, to April 
25, 1891 ; U. S. 8. "Marion," Behring Sea and Asiatic Stpiadrons, April 27, 
18yl, to December 4, 1891 ; U. S. S. "Alliance," Asiatic Squadron, as 
Executive-Officer aud Navigator, December 4, 1891, to April 4, 1892; 
special service, Nagasaki, Japan, May 26, 1892, to July 20,1892; retired 
June 30, 1892, on account of color-blindness. 

Trmu^ferred from volunteer service and placed on retired list. 
Henry C. Keene. — Entered the Navy as Acting 3Iaster, September 21' 
1861, and was ordered to U. S. S. "Ottawa;" lost right leg in the battle of 
Port Royal, the same year ; 1862, ordered to command the U. S. store-ship 
" Fredonia," at Callao, Peru, and served till 1863, and resigned, having in 
the meantime been promoted to Volunteer Lieutenant ; INlay, 1864, was re- 
appointed with same rank, and ordered to conuuand Naval Battery (eleven 
guns), on Searey's Island, Portsmouth Harbor ; was then on duty a short 
time at the Portsmouth Navy Yard, and then transferred to the Naval 
Rendezvous, at Portsmouth, as assistant, and shortly after assumed command 
until April, 1864. and honorably discharged ; re-appointed (as Volunteer 
Lieutenant) the following June, and ordered to duty as Naval Storekeeper, 
at Navy Yard, Boston, until July, 1867 ; ordered to the rendezvous at the 
same yard as assistant, until July 1, 1868, and ordered to the receiving-ship 
"Ohio;" ordered to duty at the rendezvous the following ]\Iarch, until 
March, 1873; transferred from the volunteer service to the regular navy, 
March 20, 1871, aud placed on the retired list with the rank of Lieutenant. 

LIEUTENANTS (JUNIOR GRADE) ON THE 
ACTIVE LIST. 

^Vi^iam Ledyard Rodgers. — Appointed from California. Cadet 
Midshipm(tn, Jime il, 1^74 ; Midshipman, June 4, 1880; Ensic/n, April 1, 
1882; Lieutenant (junior grade), May 4, 1889 ; Naval Observatory, 1880-1 ; 
" Quinnebaug," European Station, 1881-4; special duty. Naval Department, 
18S4-5 ; instruction torpedo sei'vice, 1886 ; Office of Naval Intelligence, 
1886-8 ; "Atlanta," special service, 1889-92 ; Navy Yard, Washington, 
December, 1892, to date. 

Roy Campbell Smith. — Born in Texas. Appointed to Naval Acad- 
emy, from Virginia, October 3, 1874 ; • Peiisacola." Pacific Station, 1878-80. 
ifidshipinan, June 4, 1880; Washington Navy Yard, 1881 ; '• Quiunebaug," 
European Station, 1881-4. Ensign, April 8, 1882 ; Naval Academy, 
1885-8; " CVmstellatiou," summer of 18.S5; Torpedo Station, Newport, 
summer of 1887 ; electrical duty, Philadelphia and Norfolk, 1888-9 ; " York- 
town," " Boston," '• Bennington " and " Chicago," Squadron of Evolution, 
1889-92; Lieutenant {mnior gnxih^. May V2, 1889; Torpedo Station, New- 
port, 1892, to date. Lieutenant, February 23, 1894. 



LIEUTENANTS. 245 

Albert Norton Wood. — Born in Indiana. Entered Naval Academy, 
September 24, 1S73 ; graduated, June 4, 1880; "Alaska," 1881-8. Pro- 
moted Endgn, April 15, 1882 ; " Powhatan," 1884 ; " Nina," 1884 ; "Pow- 
hatan," 1885-6. Promoted Lieutenant (junior grade), May 15, 1889 ; train- 
ing-ship " Richmond," February, 1887, to March, 1891 ; " Monongahela," 
training-ship, March, 1891, to date. 

Edward Lloyd, Jr.— Born in Maryland. Entered Naval Academy, 
June 17, 1874; graduated, June 4, 1880; "Constitution," 1880; R. S. 
"Franklin," 1881; "Enterprise," 1882-4. Promoted Ensign, May 11, 
1882; ordnance proving ground, Annapolis, 1885-7 ; "Boston," S<|uadron 
of Evolution, 1888-90. Promoted Lieutenant (junior grade), June 13, 
1889; Naval Academy, September, 1890, to August, 1893; " Detroit," S. 
A. Station, August, 1893, to date. 

Harry McLaren Pinkney Huse. — Born in New York Entered 
Naval Academy, September 30, 1874; graduated, June 4, 1880 ; " Galena," 
1880. Promoted Ensign, June 2, 1882; "Brooklyn," 1883-4; ordnance 
proving ground, Annapolis, 1884-5; Naval Academy, 1886; "Constella- 
tion," 1887 ; Naval Academy, 1887-8 ; " Kearsarge," 1888; " Philadelphia," 
1888-91. Promoted Lieutenant (junior grade), June 27, 1889; granted fur- 
lough, October, 1891, to April, 181)2 ; Naval Academy, April, 1892, to date. 

Richard Morris Hughes. — Born in Pennsylvania. Entered Naval 
Academy, September 25, 1874; graduated, June 4, 1880; "Constitution," 
1880; R.S." Colorado," 1881. Promoted Ensign, June 19, 1882; "Alli- 
ance," 1882-4; Coast Survey, 1885; C. S. S. "Blake," 1886-9; training- 
ship " Portsmouth," 1889 to June, 1892. Promoted Lieutenant (junior 
grade), August 4, 1889 ; charge Branch Hydrographic Office, Philadelphia, 
June, 1892, to date. 

Charles Nelson Atwater. — Born in New York. Entered Naval 
Academy, September 24, 1873; graduated, June 4, 1880; "Constitution," 
1880; receiving-ship " Colorado," 1881. Fromotcd Ensign, June 20,1882; 
"Jamestown," 1882; special duty, Boston, November, 1882; "Trenton," 
1883; "Enterprise," 1883; "Trenton" 1885; Naval Academy, 1886-9; 
training-ship "Portsmouth," 1889-92. Promoted IJeutenant (junior grade), 
September 9, 1889 ; Naval Academy, September 1892, to date. 

John Hite Lee Holcombe. — Born in Virginia, 1856. Entered Naval 
Academy, June 27, 1874; graduated, 1878; "Wyoming," 1878-9; "Tren- 
ton," 1879; "Enterprise," 1880. Midshipman, June 4, 1880; Nautical Al- 
manac Experimental Determination A^elocity of Light, 1880-1; "Despatch," 
survey of Samana, 1882. Promoted Ensign, July 1, 1882 ; Assistant Astron- 
omer, Transit of Venus, Cape Town, 1882-3 ; " Nipsic," 1883 ; " Trenton," 
1883; '^Monocacy," 1883-4; "Alert," 1885; "Trenton," 1885; Naval 
Academy, 1886-88 ; special duty, Telegraphic Determination Longitude, 
1888-9 ; C. S. S. "McArthur," 1889-91. Lieutenant (junior grade), October 
24,1889; Fish Commission steamer " Albatross," 1891 ; " Thetis," special 
service, Noveinber, 1891, to September, 1892 ; Assistant Lispector of Ord- 
nance, Navy Yard, Washington, September, 1892, to date. 

Wm. Leslie Burdick. — Born in Ohio. Appointed from Ohio. En- 
tered Naval Academy, September 26, 1873; cruise preliminaiy to final 
graduation, U. S. S. " Swatara," September, 1877, to October, 1878 ; " Pow- 
hatan," October, 1878, to April, 1879 ; graduated, June IS, 1879 ; "Tennes- 
see," N. A. Station, 1879-82 ; " Vandalia," N. A. Station, 1882-3 ; C. S. S. 
"McArthur," 1884; "Adams," Pacific Station, 1885-9 ; inspector of steel, 
Munhall, Pennsylvania, 1889-90. Promoted to Ensign, November 2S, 1882. 



246 LIEUTENANTS. 

Promoted to Lieutenant ( junior grade), 1890 ; Coast Survey steamer " Bache," 
July, 1890, to Nov., 1893 ; Navy Yard, Washington, Nov., 1893. to date. 

Harry Kimmell. — Born in Pennsylvania. Appointed from Pennsyl- 
vania. Entered Naval Academy, September 28, 1874 ; graduated. June 4, 
1880; "Ranger," N. P. Station, 1880-3; "Alert," Asiatic Station, 1883; 
" Monocacy," Asiatic Station, 1884-6 ; •• Michigan," Northwestern Lakes, 
1887-8 ; C. S. S. " Blake," 1889-92. Promoted Emigu, December 19, 1882. 
Promoted Lieutenant (junior grade). 1890 ; Hydrographic Office, March, 
1892, to September, 1893 ; receiving-ship "Franklin," January, 1894. 

George Ramsey Clark. — Born in Ohio. Appointed from Ohio. Entered 
Naval Academy, June 9, 1874; graduated, June 4, 1880; " \yachu.sett," 
Pacific Station,! 880-3 ; "Michigan," Northwestern Lakes, 1884-6; "Alli- 
ance," S. A, Station, 1887-9 ; special duty, electric lights, Philadelphia, 1889 
-90. Promoted Enf<ign, August 24, 1883. Promoted Lieutenant ( junior grade), 
1890; "INIichigan," April, 1890, to December, 1892; "Atlanta" and 
"Machias," N. A. Station, December, 1892, to date. 

George Henry Stafford. — Born in Illinois. Appointed from Iowa. 
Entered Naval Academy, June 10, 1874; ijraduated, June 4, 1880; 
" Ranger," N. P. Station, 1880-3 ; Bureau Navigation, 1884-5 ; Office Naval 
Intelligence, 1886; " Ranger," N. P. Station, 1887-90. Fromoted .Ensign, 
October 13, 1883, Promoted Lieutenant (junior grade), 1890; "Michigan," 
December, 1890, to December. 1892 ; leave of absence, December, 1892, to 
July, 1893 ; "Baltimore," Asiatic Station, July, 1893, to date. 

Allen Grey Rogers.— Born in North Carolina. Appointed from North 
Carolina. Entered Naval Academy, June 12, 1874 ; graduated June 12, 
1874 ; " Alaska," Pacific Station, 1880-3 ; torpedo instruction, 1883 ; train- 
ing-ship "New Hampshire," 1883-4; C. S. S. "Blake," 1885-8; "Mononga- 
hela." Pacific Station, 1889-90. Promoted Ensign, December 1, 1883. 
Promoted Lieutenant (junior grade), 1890; Coast Survev steamer, "Gednev," 
Mar., 1890, to April, 1891 ; """Marion," Asiatic Station,' April, 1891, to date. 
"William Porter White. — Appointed at large. Naval Academy, June 
30, 1874; appointed Midshipman, June 4, 1880; Ensig)i (junior grade), 
March 3, 1883 ; E)isign, February 9, 1884 ; Lieutenant (junior grade). Marcli 
5, 1890; Coast Survey steamer " Hassler," 1883-5; " Monongahela," Pacific 
Station, 1887-1890 ; waiting orders. September, 1890, to Februarv, 1891; 
R. S. "Vermont," Februarv. 1891, to June, 1893; "Charleston," Pacific 
Station, June. 1893, to date.' 

John Harry Shipley. — Appointed from Missouri. Cadet Midshipman, 
September 30, 1874, to June 4, 1880 ; Midshipman. June 4, 1880 ; Ensign 
(junior orade), March 3, 1883; En.sign, April 16. 1884; Lieutenant (junior 
grade), March 5, 1890. Service— On the U. S. S. " Tuscarora," 1878-80; 
U. S. S. "Saratoga." 1881-5; Coast Survey steamers "Hassler," " Mc- 
Arthur" and "Patterson," 1886-7; U. S. S. "Swatara," 1888; U. S. R. S. 
"Wabash," 1888-9; U. S. S. "Michigan," 1889-90; U. S. S. "Kearsarge," 
1890-92 ; Naval Academy, September, 1892, to date. 

John Eccleston Craven. — Appointed at large. Naval Academy, Sep- 
tember 24, 1874 ; Midshipman, June 4, 1890 ; Ensign (junior grade), March 
3, 1883; Eiidgn, June 26, 1884; Lieutenant (junior grade), July 31, 1890; 
Coast Survey steamer " Bache," 1883-5 ; " Lancaster," European Station, 
1888-9; Hydrographic Office, November, 1889, to October, 1892; " Pinta," 
special service. October, 1892, to date. 

James Henry Hetherington. — Appointed from Iowa. Naval Acad- 
emy, June 6, 1874 ; Midshipman, June 4, 1880 ; Ensign (junior grade), March 



LIEUTENANTS. 247 

3, 1883; Ejidgn, June 26, 1884; Lieutenant (junior ji^nide), Septeniher 20, 
1890; Coast Survey steamer " Gedney," 1883-5; "Michigan," 1887-90; 
"Marion," Asiatic Station, May, 1891, to December, 1892; "Mohican," 
Pacific Station, December, 1892, to date. 

John Joseph Knapp. — Appointed from Missouri. Naval Academy, 
Jinie H, 1874; Midshipman, June 4, 1880; Ensign (junior o;rade), March 3, 
1883 ; Ensign, June 26, 1884 ; Lieutenant ( junior grade), October 15, 1890 ; 
"Wachuset't," Pacific Station, 1883-5; "Alert," Pacific Station, 1887 to 
April, 1890; R. S. "Dale," April, 1890, to August, 1892; "Baltimore," 
Special Service Squadron, August, 1892, to April, 1893 ; Navy Yard, Wash- 
ington, April, 1893, to date. 

Augustus Craven Almy. — Appointed at large. Naval Academy, 
June 7, 1<S72 ; Midshipman, June 4, 1880; Ensign (junior grade), March 3, 
1883; Ensign, June 26, 1884; Lieutenant (junior grade), October 28, 1890; 
"Powhatan," special service, 1883-5; Coast Survey steamer "Patterson," 
1887 to January, 1890; "Thetis," special service, May, 1890, to November, 
1891 ; "IMonterey," Pacific Station, February, 1893, to date. 

Randolph Huntington Miner. — ^Appointed from Ohio. Naval 
Academy, June 10, 1875; Midsliipman, June 10, 1881; Ensign (junior 
grade), March 3, 1883; Ensign., June 26, 1884; Lieutenant (junior grade), 
December 5,1890; Fish Commission steamer "Albatross," 1883-5 ; Naval 
Academy, 1888-91 ; "Lancaster," Asiatic Station, June, 1891, to date. 

John Hood. — Appointed from Alabama. Naval Academy, September 

18, 1875 ; Midshipman, June 10, 1881 ; Ensign (junior grade), March 3, 
1883 ; Ensign, June 26, 1884; Lieutenatd (junior grade), December 5, 1890 ; 
" Shenandoah," S. A. Station, 1879 ; " Wachusett," Pacific Station, 1880-1 ; 
"Brooklyn," S. A. Station, 1881-4; Naval Academy, 1884-6; "Vandalia" 
and " Mohican," Pacific Station, 1886-8 ; Naval Academy, 1888-92 ; " James- 
town," "Constellation," "Bancroft" and "Kearsarge," N. A. Station, June, 
1892, to date. 

Henry Sanders Chase. — Born in Louisiana. Appointed Cadet Mid- 
shijyman, Naval Academy, June 21, 1875; Jfidshipman, June 10, 1881; 
£'j«.s//7/j (junior grade), March 3, 1883 ; Ensign, June 26,1884; LAeutenant 
(junior grade), January 27, 1891. Service : Naval Academy, June 21, 1875, 
to June 10, 1879; U. S. S. "Adams," August, 1879, to March, 1881 ; U. S. 
T. S. " New Hampshire," July, 1881, to January, 1882; Smithsonian Insti- 
tute, January, 1882, to January, 1885 ; U. S. S. " Marion, January, 1885, to 
December, 1887 ; Naval Observatory, January, 1888, to July, 1890 ; U. S. S. 
"Pensacola," July, 1890, to April, 1892; U. S. C. S. S. " Hassler," April, 
1892, to February, 1893; U. S. S. "Bancroft," March, 1893, to May, 1893 ; 
U. S. S. "Atlanta," May, 1893, to July, 1893; Bureau of Navigation, 
August, 1893, to date. 

Leroy Mason Garrett. — Appointed from New York. Naval Academy, 
September 16, 1875 ; " Alert," Atlantic Station, 1879-81 ; Midshipman, June 
10, 1881 ; "Constitution," Ti'aining Squadron, 1881 ; Ensign (junior grade), 
March 3, 1883; Ensign, June 26, 1884 ; Lieutenant (junior grade), February 

19, 1891 ; Fish Commission steamer "Albatross," 1883-5 (winters on "Alba- 
tross " and sunjmers on Geological Survey) ; Smithsonian Institute and Geo- 
logical Survey of Yellowstone Park," 1882-4 ; "Iroquois" and "Adams," 
Pacific Station. 1885-8 ; commanding Coast Survey steamer "Endeavor," 
1888-9; special longitude duty, 1889-90; "San Francisco," Pacific Station, 
December, 1890, to June, 1893 ; Coast Survey Office, June, 1893, to October, 
1893 ; commanding Coast Survey steamer "Endeavor," Oct., 1893, to date. 



248 LIEUTENANTS. 

Charles Carlton Marsh. — Appointed from Indiana. Naval Academy, 
September 14,1875; Mkhhipman, June 10,1881; En-sign (junior grade), 
March 3, 188o ; Ensign, June 26, 1884; Lieutenant (junior gradeV May 14, 
1 891 ; U. S. S. " Marion." July, 1879, to April, 1881 ; special dutv Sniitlisonian 
Institute, 1882-4 ; U. S. Coa^t Survey steamer " Patterson," April, 1884, to 
December, 1887; Naval Observatory, 1888-9; "Alliance," 1890, to April 
1893 ; Naval Observatory, April, 1893, to date. 

John Bell Blish. — Appointed from Indiana. Naval Academy, Septem- 
ber 15, 1875 ; Michhipman, June 10, 1881 ; Ensign (junior grade), March 3, 
1883; Ensign, June 26, 1884; Lieutenant (junior grade), Mav 19, 1891 ; 
" Alaska," July, 1879. to March, 1881; Naval Academy, April, 1881, to 
July, 1881 ; " Constitution," July. 1881, to December, 1881 ; " Alliance," 
December, 1881, to January, 1882 ; Smithsonian Institute. January, 1882, 
to January, 1883 ; "Jamestown," January, 1883, to October, 1885 ; Naval 
Academy, October, 1885, to October, 1887 ; " Ranger," October, 1887, to 
Septembei", 1888 ; -'Independence," Se|)tember, 1888, to November, 1888; 
leave of absence, November, 1888, to November, 1889 ; " Dolphin," Decem- 
ber, 1889. to September, 1890; Coast Survey, September, 1890, to October, 
1892 ; Office Naval Intelligence, December, 1892, to May, 1893; Assistant to 
the Inspector 13th Light-House District, May, 1893, to date. 

Charles William Jungen. — Appointed from Wisconsin. Naval Acad- 
emy, September 24, 1874; Cadet Midshipman, June 10, 1879; Midshipman, 
June 10, 1881; Ensign (junior grade), March 3, 1883; Ensign, June 24, 
1884; Lieutenant (junior grade), May 20, 1891 ; U. S. S. "Adams," Pacific 
Station, July 12, 1879, to March 5, 1881 ; U. S. school-ship " New Hamp- 
shire," July 20, 1881, to April 17, 1882 ; U. S. training-ship " Saratoga," 
April 18, 1882, to August 26, 1883 ; U. S. Coast Survey schooner " Silliman," 
steamers " Patterson " and " Hassler," August 27, 1883, to August 26, 1886 ; 
U.S.S. "Ranger," Pacific Station, August 27,1886, to August 1, 1889; 
U. S. S. "Piuta," Pacific Station, August 20, 1889, to December 21. 1891 ; 
Naval Intelligence Office, January 23,^ 1891, to March 15, 1892 ; U. S. Coast 
Survey steamer "Patterson," April 1, 1892, to January 18, 1893 ; on leave, 
January 19, 1893, to January 19, 1894 ; at present awaiting orders. 

Charles Henry Harlow. — Appointed from New York. Naval Acad- 
emy, September 15, 1875 ; Midshipman, June 10, 1881 ; Ensign (jnnior 
grade). March 3, 1883; Ensign, June 26, 1884; Lieutenant (junior grade). 
May 29, 1891; special duty, Smithsonian Institute, 1883-4; Inspector of 
vSteel, new cruisers, 1888-9; Naval Academy, July, 1889-90; AYorld's 
Columbian Exposition, 1891, to May, 1892; training-ship "Portsmouth," 
May, 1892, to date. 

William Andrew Gill.— Appointed from Pennsylvania. Naval Acad- 
emy, June 21, 1875; Midshipman, June 10, 1881; Ensign (junior grade), 
March 3, 1883; Ensign, June 26, 1884; Lieutenant (junior grade), June 25, 
1891; training-ship "Portsmouth," 1883-5; " Ranger." "Pacific Station, 
1887-90; Naval Ordnance Proving Ground, May, 1890, to June, 1893; 
" Yorktown," Pacific Station, June. 1893, to date. 

Thomas William Ryan. — Appointed from Pennsylvania. Naval 
Academy, June 13, 1873 ; Midi^hipman, June 4, 1880 ; Ensign (junior grade), 
March 3, 1883; Ensign, May 19, 1884; Lieutenant (junior grade), July 31, 
1891; U. S. flag-ship -Richmond," China Station, 1878-80; U. S. T. S. 
"Saratoga," 1881-3; U. S. S. "Ranger," 1883-6; Branch Plydrographic 
Office, New York, 1887 ; Inspection of Steel, new cruisers, 1887-8; on leave, 
1889 ; U. S. T. S. " Jamestown," 1889-91 ; Coast Survey steamer " En- 



LIEUTENANTS. 249 

deavor," 1891-2 ; in charge Branch Hydrographic Office, Savannah, Novem- 
ber, 1892, to March, 1898 ; R. S. '• Franklin," March, 1893, to date. 

Charles Stedman Ripley. — Appointed at large. Naval Academy, 
June 17, 1875 ; Midshipman, June 10, 1881 ; EnsignXjunuiv grade), March 
3, 1883 ; Ensign, June 2(5, 1884; Lieutenant (junior grade), August 2, 1891 ; 
" Brooklyn," S. A. Station, 1883-4; "Mohican," Pacific Station, 1887-9; 
on duty East Florida Seminary, 1889, to October, 1891 ; R. S. " Wabash," 
October, 1891, to May, 1892; Coast Survey schooner "Eagre," May, 1892, 
to date 

Walter J. Sears. — Appointed from Pennsylvania. Naval Academy, 
June 21, 1875; Midshipman, June 10, 1881 ; Enmgn (junior grade), March 
3, 1883 ; Ensign, June 26, 1884 ; Lieuienavt ( junior grade), August 4, 1891 ; 
" Marion," N. A. Station, 1879 ; S. A. Station,' 1880-1 ; " Wabash," October 
to December, 1881 ; " Enterprise," N. A. Station and Asiatic Station, 1882 
to November, 1883 ; " Monocacy," Asiatic Station, November, 1883, to April, 
1884; "Trenton," Asiatic Station, April to July, 1884; "Essex," Asiatic 
and N. A. Stations, Julv, 1884, to January, 1885 ; Coast Survey, April, 1885, 
to Mav, 1887 ; "Trenton," N. A. and S. A. Stations, May, 18*87, to Septem- 
ber, 1877 ; "Alliance," S A. Station, September, 1887, to January, 1888; 
"Lancaster," European Station, February, 1888, to September, 1889 ; "New 
Hampshire," New])ort, October, 1889, to June, 1890; "Vesuvius," N. A. 
Station. June, 1890, to A]u-il, 1891 ; " Fern," N. A. Station, April to Sep- 
tember, 1891; Inspector of Steel, Pittsburg, September, 1891, to January, 
1892 ; R. S. " Minnesota," New York, April, 1892, to date. 

John Gibson. — Appointed from Kentucky. Naval Academy, June 9, 
1874; graduated, June, 1879; Midshipman, June 10, 1881 ; Ensign (junior 
grade), March 3, 1883; Ensign, June 26, 1884; Lieutenant (junior grade), 
September 27, 1891; U. S. S. "Adams," Pacific Statiim, August, 1879, to 
March, 1881 ; receiving-ship " Independence," Mare Island, September, 1881, 
to February, 1882 ; U. S. S. "Jamestown," around Cape Horn, February, 
1882, to July, 1882 ; U. S. S. " Minnesota," July, 1882, to September, 1882 ; 
U. S. S. " Ranger," surveying Pacific Coast of Central America, September, 
1882, to July, 1883; Hydrographic Office, October, 1883, to June, 1885; 
U. S. S. "Galena," North Atlantic Station, June, 1885, to June, 18^8; 
Ciucinnatti Exposition, July, 1888, to December, 1888 ; Compass Office, 
December, 1888, to March, 1891 ; Coast Survey steamers ^'Endeavor" and 
" Blake," March, 1891, to December, 1893 ; at present on duty at Naval 
Academy. 

John Arthur Bell. — Appointed from West Virginia. Naval Academy, 
June 13, 1874; Midshipman, June 10, 1881 ; Ensign, (junior grade), March 
3, 1883; Ensign, June 26, 1884; Lieutenant (junior grade), October 20, 
1891; "Brooklyn," Asiatic Station, 1883-5 ; Navy Yard, Mare Island, 
1888-9; "Thetis," special service, May, 1889, to July, 1892; Electric duty, 
Navy Yard, New York, July, 1892, to date. 

John Allen Dougherty. — Born in Liberty, Clay Co., Missouri, Septem- 
ber 8, 1857. Appointed Cadet Midshipman from 8th Congressional District 
of Missouri by Hon. Abraham Consingo, M. C, June 12, 1874. Detached 
from Naval Academy, June 10, 1879 ; ordered to "Constellation" (on arrival 
in Europe, to dutv on that station — ^o duty on board the flag-ship " Trenton "), 
September 26, 1879; graduated from Naval Academv, May 31, 1881. Pro- 
moted to rank of Midshipman, June 10, 1881 ; detached from Naval Acad- 
emy, and placed on waiting orders, June 15, 1881 ; ordered on board U. S. 
S. " Constitution," June 30, 1881 ; detached from duty on board U. S. S. 



250 LIEUTENANTS. 

" Constitutiou " and placed on waiting orders. December 14, 1881 ; ordered 
to U. S. S. " Jamestown," February 1, 1882 ; ordered to duty in the Coast 
Survey. Septejiiber 27, 1882. Commissioned Emign (junior grade). March 
3. 1883 ; detached from Coast Survey and ordered to the " Kearsarge," June 
26, 1883. Commissioned as Eii--<ifin, June 20, 1884; detached from " Kear- 
sarge "and placed on waiting orders. November 2(>, ]88(>; ordered for in- 
struction in Torpedo Service, June 1.1887; Naval War College — then to 
advanced course at Torpedo Station, September 2. 18S7 ; ordered to Torpedo 
Station. June KJ, 1888; Bureau of Navigation, April 13, 1880; ordered to 
the V. S. S. " reiisacola," August 16. 1880; detached from the "Pensacola" 
and ordered to the torpedo-boat " Cushing," ^May 26, 1800 ; U. S. S. '-Rich- 
mond," August 25, 1891 ; Bureau of Navigatioli. October 20. 1801. Com- 
missioned as Jjieutenant (junior grade), November 5, 1801. 

Daniel Preston Menefee. — Appointed from California. Naval Acad- 
emy, September 25, 1874; Midshipman, June 10, 1881; Ensign (junior 
grade), March 3, 1883 ; Ensign. June 26, 1884 ; Lieufenant (junior grade), 
December 11, 1891 ; Coast Survey steamer " Scoresby," 1883-5; "Adams" 
and " ^NFohican," Pacific Station, 1887-00 ; waiting orders, December, 1890, 
to March, ISOl ; Navy Yard. INIare Island, March. 1801, to date. 

John Henry Gibbons. — Appointed from Mieliigau. Naval Academy, 
September 15, 1875; MicJshij)man. June 10, 1881; Ensign (junior grade), 
March 3, 1883; Ensign, June 26, 1884 ; Lieutenant (junior grade), Decem- 
ber 16, 1801; "Adams," Pacific Station, 1870-81 ; training-ship "James- 
town," 1882-5; Naval Academy, 1885-88; " jNlohican," " Vandalia " and 
" Adams," Pacific Station. 1888-00 ; Coast Survey steamer " Gcdney," August, 
1890, to September. 1891; Naval Academy, September, 1801, to September. 
1892 ; Navy Yard, Washington, September, 1892. to date. 

Thomas Snowden. — Appointed from New York. Naval Academy, 
June 21, 1875; Midshipman, ^wwc, 10, 1881 ; Ensign (junior grade), March 
3,1883; Ensign. June 26, 1884; Lieutenant (junior grade), January 10, 

1892 ; " Brooklvn," Asiatic Station, 1883-5 ; ' '• Ossipee," N. A. Station, 
1887-9; Navaf Observatory, 1889, to Aprii, 1892; "Ranger," Pacific 
Station, April, 1802, to date.' 

Edwin Hord Tillman. — Appointed from Tennessee. Naval Acad- 
emy, September 18, 1875; Midshipman, June 10, 1881; Ensign (jxm'ior 
grade). iMarch 3, 18,S3 ; Ensign, June 26, 18.S4 ; Lieutenant (junic>r grade), 
April 3, 1892 ; "Shenandoah," South Atlantic Station, September, 1870, to 
April, 1881 ; " Trenton," Asiatic Station, September 18, 1883, to September 
18, 1886; Coast Survev Office, 1886-89; "Petrel," unassigned, October, 
1889, to September, 1891 ; Coast Survey Ofiice, October. 180i, to February, 
1893; Coast Survev steamer "Endeavor," February, 1893, to November, 

1893 ; Coast Survey Ofiico. November, 1893. to date. 

Robert Files Lopez. — Apjwinted from Tennessee. Naval Academy, 
September 20, 1874; Midshipman, June 10, 1881; Ensign (junior grade), 
March 3, 1883; Ensign, June 26, 1884; Lieutenant (junior grade), April 
16, 1892 ; " Enterprise " Asiatic Station," 1883-5 ; " Thetis," special service, 
North Pacific, 1887-90; Nautical school-ship " St. Mary's," December, 1890, 
to July, 1893 ; Coast Survey steamer "Gedney," July,"l893, to date. 

Frank Woodruff Kellogg. — Appointed from Connecticut. Naval 
Academy, June 21, 1875; Midshipman, ISIarch 3, 1883; Ensign (junior 
grade), March 3,1883; Ensig)i, Jvme 26,1884; Lieutenant (]muor grude), 
May 5, 1892 ; Coast Survev steamer " Drift," 1883-5 ; " Yanti'c." N. A. Sta- 
tion, 1885-8 ; Naval Observatory, August, 1889, to October, 1890 ; training- 



LIEUTENANTS. 251 

ship "Richmond," October 1890, to March, 1891 ; " Monongahela," March, 
1891, to June, 1893 ; '• San Francisco," N. A. Station, June, 1893, to date. 

John Lewis Purcell. — Entered the Naval Academy, September 29, 
1873; Midshipman, June 16, 1881 ; Emign (junior grade), March 3, 1883; 
Ensign, June 26, 1884 ; Lieutenant (junior grade), May 2X, 1892 ; served on 
the "Constellation," "Trenton" and " Quinnebaug," October, 1879, to 
March, 1881 ; "Minnesota" and "Jamestown," August, 1881, to November, 
1882; Coast Survey and North AUiska Exploring Ex|)cdition, from August, 
1883, to July, 1887; " Nipsic," October, 1887, to October, 1890; "Minne- 
sota," January, 1891 ; recognition by Navy Department of efficient services 
on North Alaska Exi)loring Expedition; comniendation in special rejiort of 
Rear-Admiral L. A. Kimberly, U. S. N., for meritorious service in Apia, 
Samoa, March 15 and Ki, 1889, published in pi-inted report of Samoan 
disaster. 

Reuben Oscar Bitler. — Appointed from I'cnnsylvania. Naval Academy, 
June 19, 1875 ; Midshijunan, June 10, 1881 ; Ensign (junior grade), March 
3, 1883; Ensign, June 26, 1884; Lieatenant (junior grade), May 29, 1892; 
" Essex," Asiatic Station, 1883-5; Coast Survey steamer " Gedney," 1885- 
90; " Yantic," August, 1890, to July, 1891 ; R.'S. " Vermont," July, 1891, 
to date. 

Herman George Dresel. — Ajipointed from Oliio. Naval Academy, 
September 22, 1S76; Midshijiman, ^(n\e 22,1882; Ensign (junior grade), 
March 3, 1883; Ensigii, June 26, 1884; Lieutenant (junior grade), June 2, 
1892; special duty Smithsonian Institute, 1883-5; Naval Academy, 1888 to 
June, 1892 ; training-ship " Portsmouth," June, 1892, to date. 

Harry Phelps. — Appointed from New Jersey. Naval Academy, Sep- 
tember 22, 1876 ; Midshipman, June 22, 1882 ; Ensign (junior grade), March 
3, 1883 ; Ensign, June 26, 1884 ; Lieutenant (junior grade), June 14, 1892 ; 
Coast Survey steamer " Rache," 1883-5 ; Naval Academy, 1888 to Septem- 
ber, 1891 ; " Bennington," European Station, Septendier, 1891, to date. 

Patrick William Hourigan. — Appointed from New York. Naval 
Academy, June 24, 1876; Midshipman, June 22, 1882; Ensign (junior 
grade), March 3, 1883 ; Ensigjt, June 26, 1884 ; Lieatenant (junior grade), 
June 30, 1892; "Juniata," Asiatic Station, 1883-5; training-ship " Con- 
stellation," 188()-9 ; assistant to Light-House Inspector, 1889, to March, 
1892; "Dolphin," si)ecial service, March, 1892, to date. 

John Baptiste Bernadon. — Ap{)ointed at large. Naval Academy, 
September 22,1876; Midshipman, June 22,1882; Ensign (junior grade), 
March 3, 1883; Ensign, June 26, 1884; Lieutenant (junior grade), July 1, 
1892; special duty, Corea, 1883-5; office Naval Litelligence, December, 
1887, to February, 1891; " Newark," special service, February, 1891, to 
May, 1893; sick leave. May, 1893, to July, 1893 ;" Bennington," European 
Station, July, 1893, to date. 

Homer Clarke Poundstone. — Appointed from West Virginia. Naval 
Academy, September 24, 1874; Midshipman, June 22, 1882 ; Ensign (junior 
grade), March 3, 1883; Ensign, J yme 26, 1884; lAeutenant (junior grade), 
July 1, 1892; Asiatic Station, 1883-9; (Joast Survey steamer "Patterson," 
1890, to December, 1892 ; special duty World's Exposition, December, 1892, 
to August, 1893 ; " New York," S. A. Station, August 1893, to date. 

Albert Ammerman Ackerman. — Apj)ointed from New Jersey. 
Naval Academy, June 24, 1876; Midshipman, June 22, 1882; Ensign 
(junior grade), March 3, 1883; Ensign, June 26, 1884; Lieutenant (junior 
grade), July 21, 1892; special duty, Smithsonian Institute, 1882-3; Second 



252 LIEUTENANTS. 

Greely Relief Expedition, U. S. S. " Yantic," 1883 ; Fish Commission steamer 
"Albatross." 1883-4; Greely Relief Expedition, U. S. relief steamer 
" Alert," 1884 ; U. S. S. •• Ranker," 1884-7 ; ordnance duty, Navy Yard, 
Washington, D. C, 1887-90; "Philadelpliia," N. A. Station, July, 1890, to 
June, 1893; leave of absence, June to August, 1893; Bureau of Ordnance, 
August. 1893, to date. 

Albert Parker Niblack. — Appointed from Indiana. Naval Academy, 
September 22, 187H; 3Ii(l-<hipmaii, Jnue 22,1882; En«i(jii (junior grade), 
March 3, 1883; Eiisir/n. June 26, 1884; Lienfenant (junior grade), August 
24, 1892; Pacific Squadron, 1880-81; North Athintic Squadron, 1882; 
special duty, Smithsonian Institute, 1883; survey of Alaska, 1884-8; 
Ordnance Instruction, Torpedo Class, and Smithsonian Institute. 1888 ; 
"Chicago," S(juadron of Evolution, 1889-92; sick leave and waiting orders, 
to March, 1893; Coa.<t Survey steamer '■ Patterson," March, 1893, to Novem- 
ber, 1893; temporary duty. Revision of Signal Book, Bureau of Navigation- 
November, 1893, to"date. 

William Truxton. — Appointed at large. Naval Academy, June 24, 
1876; Mifhhij)ma II, ,]mie 22, 1SS2 ; ^'y^.'s/f//;, (junior grade), March 3,1883; 
Ensign, June 26, 1884; Lieutenant (junior grade), November 18,1892; 
Coast Survey steamer •' Blake," 18'S3-5 ; " Quinnebaufr," European Station, 
1886-89; Office Naval Litelligence, July, 1889, to December, 1890; sick 
leave, December, 1890, to JNIarch, 1891 ; "Lancaster," Asiatic Station, 
March, 1891, to date. 

Stokeley Morgan. — Appointed from Arkansas. Naval Academy, June 
24,1876; Midshipman, June 22, 1882; Ensign, (junior gr^de), March 3, 
1883; Ensign. June 26, 1884; Lieutenant (junior grade), December 4, 
1892; "Juniata," Asiatic Station, 1883-5; Naval Academy, 1886-9; 
" Petrel," North Atlantic Station, 1889-91 ; " Thetis," special service, March, 
1892, to July, 1893 ; Navy Yard, Washington, July, 1893, to date. 

Francis Joy Haeseler. — Appointed from Pennsylvania. Naval 
Academy, September 22, 1876 ; Midshipman. June 22, 1882 ; Ensign 
(junior grade), March 3, 1883 ; Ensign. June 26, 1884; Lieutenant (junior 
grade), January 9, 1893 ; "Juniata,' Asiatic Station, 1883-5 ; Naval Acad- 
emy, 1886-9 ; " Boston," European Station, July, 1889, to September, 
1892; Naval Academy, Septendier, 1892, to date. 

Edward Simpson. — Appointed at large. Naval Academy, June 24, 
1876; Midshipman, June 22, 1882 ; Ensign (junior grade), March 3, 1883 ; 
Ensign, June 26, 1884; Liodenant (junior grade), January 25, 1893; 
Coast Survey steamer " Blake," 1883-5 ; " Thetis," special service, 1887, to 
January, 1890; Office Naval Intelligence, February, 1890, to June, 1893 ; 
"Baltimore," Asiatic Station, June,l893, to date. 

^A^illiam Carpenter Pendleton Muir. — Appointed from Kentucky. 
Naval Academy, June 24, 1876; Midshipman, June 22, 1882; Ensign 
( junior grade), March 3, 1883 ; Ensign, June 26, 1884 ; Lieutenant (junior 
grade), February 7, 1893 ; "Essex," Asiatic Station, 1883-5; Naval Acad- 
emy, 1886-9; " Yantic," N. A. Station, September, 1889, to July, 1890; 
Coast Survey steamer "Blake," July, 1890, to December, 1892 ; Bureau of 
Equipment, December, 1892, to September, 1893; " Linsley Institute," 
Wheeling, W. Ya., September, 1893, to date. 

Joseph Beale. — Appointed from Pennsylvania. Naval Academy, Octo- 
ber 12, 1874 ; Mid.^hipman, June 22, 1882 ; Ensign (junior grade), March 3, 
1883 ; Ensign, June 26, 1884 ; Lieutenant (junior grade), February 17, 1893 ; 
"Swatara" and ''Alert," Asiatic Station, August, 1880, to July, 1882; 



LIEUTENANTS. 253 

"Juniata," "Lancaster" and "Trenton," European and S. A. Stations, 
November, 1882, to November, 1887 ; Inspector of Steel, new cruisers, 
1888-9 ; "Mohican," Paciiic Station, March, 1889, to December, 1892 ; R. S. 
"Vermont," July, 1893, to date. 

EdAA^ard Faysson Leiper. — Appointed from Pennsylvania. Naval 
Academy, June 25, 1875; Midshipvian, June 22, 1882; Ensign (junior 
grade), March 3, 1883 ; Eiisif/n, June 26,1884; Lieutenant (junior grade), 
February 25, 1893; Coast Survey steamer " Arago," 1883-4; "Dolphin," 
special service, 1886-9; special duty Electi'ic Lights, December, 1889, to 
June, 1893 ; "Concord," Asiatic Station, June, 1893, to date. 

Joseph Hamilton Rohrbacher, — Appointed from Pennsylvania. 
Naval Academy, June 24, 1876 ; Midahipinan, June 22, 1882 ; Ensign, (junior 
grade), March 3, 1883; Ensign, June 26, 1884; Lieutenant (junior grade), 
March 7, 1894; "Juniata," Asiatic Station, 1884-5; Inspector of Steel, new 
cruisers, 1887-9; " Pensacola," sjjecial service. May, 1889, to July, 1890; 
Coast Survey steamer " Blake," July, 1890, to June, 1892 ; Inspector of Steel, 
Homestead, Pa., August, 1892, to date. 

James Calhoun Drake. — Appointed from Arkansas. Naval Academy, 
June 25, 1875 ; MiiUhipnian, June 22, 1882; Ensign (junior grade), March 
3, 1883 ; Ensign, June 26, 1884; Lieutenant (junior grade), April 27, 1893 ; 
Coast Survey, 1882-3 ; special duty, Navy Department, 1883 ; •' Yantic," 
North Atlantic Station, 1884-5; commanding Coast Survey schooners 
" Scoresby " and " Ready," 1886 to March, 1890; "Alliance," Asiatic and 
Pacific Stations, May, 1890, to April, 1893 ; leave of absence, April, 1893, to 
October, 1893 ; Office Naval Intelligence, October, 1893, to date. 

William Sowden Sims. — Appoiuted from Pennsylvania. Naval 
Academy, June 24, 1876; Midshipman, June 22, 1882; Ensign (junior 
grade), March 3, 1883; Ensign, June 26, 1884; Lieutenant (junior grade). 
May 9, 1893; "Swatara," N. A. Station, 1883-5; leave of absence, 1888; 
Nautical school-ship " Saratoga," December, 1889, to June, 1893; "Phila- 
delphia," Pacific Station, June, 1893, to date. 

Miles Carpenter Gorgas. — Appoiuted at large. Naval Academy, 
September 18,1875; Midshipman, June 22,1882; Ensign (junior grade), 
March 3, 1883; Ensign,, June 26, 1884; Lieutenant (junior grade). May 15, 
1893; Coast Survey steamer "Blake," 1883-5; "Thetis," special service, 
1886 to January, 1890 ; Mid vale Steel Works, March, 1890, to August, 
1892; training-ship "Richmond," August, 1892, to April, 1893; "Detroit," 
S. A. Station, April, 1893, to date. 

Louis Sayre Van Duzer. — Appointed from New York. Naval 
Academy, September 22, 1876; Midshipman, June 22, 1882; Ensign 
(junior grade), March 3, 1883 ; Ensign, June 26,1884; Lieutenant (junior 
grade), June 10, 1893; on leave, 1884; Coast Survey schooner " Eagre," 
1888-9; Hydrographic Office, August, 1889, to March, 1892; " Mian- 
tonomah," N. A. Station, March, 1892, to September, 1893; " Yantic," S. 
A. Station. September, l'S93, to date. 

Wilson Wildman Buchanan. — Appointed from Ohio. Naval Acad- 
emy, June 25,1875; Midxhipmajt, June 22,1882; Ensign, (junior grade), 
March 3, 1883; Ensign, June 26, 1884; Lieutenant (junior grade), June 
27, 1893 ; "Alert," Asiatic Station, 1883-5 ; " Dolphin," special service, 
1888 to July, 1890 ; Coast Survey steamer " Bache," July, 1890, to October, 
1892 ; Bureau of Equi|)ment, October, 1892, to date. 

Augustus Newkirk Mayer. — Appointed from Iowa. Naval Academy, 
June 24, 1876 ; Midshipman, June 22, 1882 ; Ensign (junior grade), March 



254 LIEUTENANTS. 

3, 1883; En-vgu, June 20, 1884; Lieutenant (jimior griule), June 27, 1893; 
"Juniata," Ai^iatic iStation, 1883-5; Naval Observatory, 1880-89; "Fensa- 
cola," special service, April, 1889, to July, 1890; Coast Survey steamer 
" Gednev," July, 1890, to December, 1892; leave of absence, December, 
1892, to'March.*^ 1893 ; Naval Observatory, ^Nlarch, 1893, to date. 

Frederick Rowland Brainard. — Appointed fnim Illinois. Naval 
Academy, June 24, 1870; Mid^hijniuDi, June 22, 1882; Ensign (junior 
grade), March 3, 1883; Ensign, June 2(i, 1884; Lieutenant (junior grade), 
June 27, 1893; Coast Survey steamer " Drift," 1883-5 ; " Ossipee," N. A. 
Station, 1880, to 1889 ; waiting orders, :March. 1889. to July, 1890 ; Inspector 
of Steel. Bethlebem, Pa., July, 1890, to December, 1892 ;' " Kearsarge," N. 
A. Station, December, 1892, to date. 

William Edwin Safford. — A])poiuted from Ohio. Naval Academy, 
September 22, 1870 ; Jlidsliipinan, 3nne 22,1882; Em^igti (junior grade), 
March 3, 1883; Ensign, June 20, 1884; Lieufena)it (junior grade), Julv 4, 
1893 ; special duty Smithsonian Institute, 1883-5 ; Naval Academy, 1888-90 ; 
World's Columbian E.xposition, December, 1890, to May, 1893; " Alliance," 
Pacific Station, May, 1893, to August, 1893 ; waiting ordei-s, August, 1893, 
to date. 

William John Maxwell.— Appointed at large. Naval Academy, June 
9, 1874 ; Midahipwan, June 22, 1882 ; Ensign (junior grade), INIarch 3, 1883; 
Ensign, June 20, 1884; Ijieufenant {jinnor grade), July 4, 1893 ; training- 
ship "Jamestown," 1883-5 ; waiting orders, 1888, to April, 1889; "Galena." 
N. A. Station, April, 1889, to Mav, 1890; "Dolphin," special service, Julv, 
1890, to March, 1891; "Vesuvius," N. A. Station, March, 1891, to July, 
1892 ; Assistant to Inspector 5th Light-House District, July, 1892, to date. ' 

Franklin Swift.— Appointed from Massachnsetts. Naval Academy, 
June 9, 1S74 ; }fiilsliipiita)i, June 22, 1882 ; Ensign (junior grade), ]March 3, 
1883; Ensi(/n, June 20, 1884; Lieufena)it (junior grade), July 4,1893; 
" Brooklyn," Asiatic Station, 1883-5 ; Coast Survey steamer " Bache," 1880- 
89; "Petrel," una.ssigned, November, 1889, to August, 1891 ; leave of ab- 
sence, Auirust, 1891, to Julv, 1892; Coast Survey steamer "Blake," Julv, 
1892, to d^ate. 

John Frazer Luby. — Appointed from New York. Naval Academy. 
June 25, 1875; Afids/iipman, June 22, 1882; Ensign (junior grade), March 
3, 1883; Ensign, June 20, 1884; Lieutenant (junior grade), July 22, 1893; 
training-ship "Jamestown," 1883-5; Coast Survey steamer "Bache," 1888, 
to October, 1891 ; training-ship "Richmond," October, 1891, to June, 1892; 
Nautical School-ship "Saratoga," June, 1892. to date. 

Lewis Jacob Clark, — Appointed from Alabama. Naval Academy, 
September 22. 1870; Midsliip)nan, Juue 22,1882; Ensign (junior grade), 
March 3, 1883; Ensign, June 20, 1884; Lieutenant (junior grade), Septem- 
ber 15, 1893; " Enteri)rise," Asiatic Staticm, 1883-0; "Ranger," N. Pacific 
Station, 1887-90; training-ship "Richmond." October. 1890, to September, 
1891 ; Coast Survey steamer " Hassler," September, 1891, to date. 

Theodore Gibbs Dewey, — Appointed from South Carolina. Naval 
Academy, June 25, 1875; Midshipman, June 22, 1882; Ensign (junior 
grade), March 3,1883; Ensign, June 20,1884; Lieutenant (junior grade), 
September 27, 1893; Coast Survey sloop "Steadfast," 1883-^0; "Thetis," 
special service, 1887-9 ; R. S. " Independence," December, 1889, to December, 
1891 ; "Chicago," S. A. Station, December, 1891, to date. 

Hugh Rodman. — Appointed from Kentucky. Naval Academy, Sep- 
tember 18, 1875 ; Midshipman, June 22, 1882 ; Ensign (junior grade), March 



LIEUTENANTS. 255 

3, 1883 ; Ensign, June 26, 1884 ; Lieutenant (junior grade), October 1, 1893 ; 
" Wtichiisett,"' racifie Station, 1883-5; "Essex," 188(>-9; Ilydrograpliic 
Office, July, 1889, to October, 1890; Naval Observatory, October, 1890, to 
November, 1891 ; Coast Survey steamer '' Patterson," April, 1891, to date. 

John Adrian Hoogewerff. — A])})ointed at large. Naval Academy, 
June 27, 1877; Naval Cadet, August 5, 1882; Ensign (junior grade), July 
1, 1883; Ensign, J mie 20, 1884; Lieutenant (junior grade), November 5, 
1893; Naval Observatory, 1883-5; " Brooklyn," 1885-9 ; Naval Observa- 
tory, June, 1889, to July, 1892 ; " Charleston," Special Service Scpuidron, 
July, 1892, to date. 

Robert Brooke Dashiell. — Appointed at large ; Naval Academy, 
June 27, 1877 ; Naval Cadet, August 5, 1882 ; Ensign (junior grade), July 
1, 1883 ; Ensign, June 20, 1884; Lieutenant (junior grade), Deceud)er 20, 
1893; Experimental Battery, Annapolis, i\td., 1883-5; Naval Ordnance 
Proving Ground, 1888, to June, f893; Cramp's Ship Yard, Philadel[)hia, 
June, 1893, to August, 1893 ; "New York," S. A. Station, August, 1893, to 
date. 

Edward Everett Capehart. — Appointed from 16th District, Ohio. 
Naval Academy, June 22, 1877 ; Naval Cadet, August 5, 1882 ; Ensign 
(junior grade), duly 1, 1883; Ensign, June 26, 1884; Lieutenant, (junior 
grade), December 20, 1893; "Lancaster," European Station, 1881-3; pres- 
ent at bombardment of Alexandria and landed with American troops, July, 
1882; "Galena," N. A. Station, 1883-0; ashore at Aspinwall during fight 
and burning of that city, April, 1885 ; Naval Academy, 1880-90 ; '• Enter- 
})rise," "Atlanta" and "Chicago," N. A. Station, July,'l890, to June, 1893; 
Torpedo Station, June, 1893, to date. 

Not in line of proniotlon. 

Robert Piatt. — Born in District of Columbia. Aetlng Master, March 3, 
1803, [)revious to which he had held a tem[)orary ai)p()intment as Aetlng 
Ensign at the time he piloted the iron-clad fleet into Charleston, so that in 
case lie should be taken prisoner he would not be treated as a spy, as he was 
well known in C'harleston, S. C. After the fight Admiral Dupont sent his 
appointment as Acting Master, dated March 1 , 1803 ; he was wounded in that 
fight by a bolt being knocked through the toj) of the pilot-house l)y a shot 
from Fort Sumter; was on board of the monitor " Weehawkin," Captain 
John Rodgers. He did not leave the pilot-liouse after being wounded, but 
was held up to the sight slots by Caj)tain Rodgers, and continued to pilot the 
fleet through tiie whole fight. He has commanded, since the war, steamers 
"Bibb," "Corwin," "Bache," and schooner "Drift," on Coast Survey duty. 
Promoted Lieutenant ( junior grade), March 3, 1883. 



256 MEDICAL DIRECTORS. 



MEDICAL CORPS 



SUEGEON-GENERAL. 

J. Rufus Tryon. — Born in New York. Gruduiited from Union Col- 
lege, Schenectady, N. Y., class of 1858, degree of A. B. A. M. in course, and 
from medical de|iartment University of Pennsylvania, March, 18G1, degree 
M. D. A|)[)ttintcd Amstant Surgeon, September 22, 1863 ; West Gulf 
Squadron, i8G-')-5 ; after the light at Mobile Bay had the wounded under 
his charge at Naval Hospital, Pensacola, Pla. ; Naval llos[)ital, Boston, 
18()r)-(>; detailed to niake a special report for the Department of the 
wounded treated there during the war ; Assistant Bureau of Medicine and 
Surgery, 18(iG-70. Promoted to Fa!<sed Amstant Surgeon, 18GG; to Surgeon, 
1878; Asiatic Station, 1870-3 ; had charge, during that time, of the tem- 
porary Small Pox Hospital at Yokohama, during the epidemic of that 
disease in 1871, and also appointed by Uear-Admiral Joim Kodgers, then in 
connnand of the Station, to superintend the building of the present U. S. 
Naval Hospittd at Yokohanuv, Japan ; s[)ecial duty, New York, and yellow 
fever epidemic, Navy Yard, Pensacola, P^'la., 1873-6 ; N. A. Station, 1876-9 ; 
special duty, New York, 1879-82 ; " Alaska," Pacific Station, South Pacific 
Coast and Sandwich Islands, 1882-3; member Examining Board, Philadel- 
phia, 1883-4 ; delegate International Medical Congress at Copenhagen, Den- 
mark, 1884; afterwards '' (^uiiniobaug," European Station and African 
coast, until 1887 ; iNIarine Rendezvous, New York, 1888; special duty and 
member of Medical Examining Board, New York, 1888-91 ; received the 
honorary degree of Ph. D., Union College, 1891. Promoted Medical Inspec- 
tor, September 22, 1891 ; 1891-3, flag-ship ''Chicago," N. A. Station ; duty 
at ]\[ontevideo, Uraguay, and La Guayra, Venezuela. Received the decor- 
ation of the '• Busto del Libertadon " for services rendered the wounded of 
both parties at JNIacuto during the revolution in Venezuela. Promoted to 
Surgeon General U. S. Navy, with rank of Commodore, and Chief of Bureau 
of Medicine and Surgery, Navy Department, May 10, 1893. 

MEDICAL DIRECTORS ON THE ACTIVE LIST. 

Albert Leary Gihon. — Born in Philadelphia, Pa, September 28, 
1833. Received degrees of A. B. (Philadelphia), 1850; M. D. (Phila- 
delphia), 1852; A.M. (Princeton), 1S54, and Philadelphia, 1855; Professor 
of Chemistry and Toxicology, in Philadelphia College of Medicine and 
Surgery, 1853-4; entered Navy as Assidant Surgeon, ^lay 1, 1855; first 
duty on board receiving-ship " Union," Navy Yard, Philadelphia ; attached 
to sloo])-of-war "Levant," East India Station, 1855-8; was with Commander 
(Admiral) A. H. Foote, and Lieutenant (Commodore) W. PI. jNIacomb, in 
the sloop-of-war " Portsmouth's " boat, November 15, 1856, when fired upon 
by the Chinese, while attempting to pass the Barrier Forts, on tlie Pearl 
River, near Canton, and participated in the subse{j[uent engagements, which 
resulted in the capture of these forts, November 16, 20, 21, and 22, 1856; 
attached to brig " Dolphin," 1858-9, dui-ing Paraguay Expedition ; and to 



MEDICAL DIRECTORS. 257 

sloop-of-war "Preble," 1859, on the coast of Central America and Panama. 
Passed Assldant Surgeon, May 1, 18G0; U. S. Naval Hospital, Brooklyn, 
N. Y., 1860-1 ; brig "Perry," 1861, on the blockade of Fernandina, Fla., 
and cruising off the Atlantic coast of the Southern States, when the rebel 
privateer "Savannah" was captured. May 1, 1861. Promoted to AS'm'^eo/;, 
August 1, 1861 ; Naval Rendezvous, New York ; sloop-of-war "St. Louis," 
1862-5, on special service upon European Station and cruising among the 
Atlantic islands, after (Confederate steamers " Alabama," " Florida," and 
"Georgia;" and in latter part of 1864, on blockade of coast of South 
Carolina; Senior Medical Officer, Navy Yard, Portsmouth, N. H., 1865-8; 
attached to store-ship "Idaho," 1868-70, anchored off Nagasaki, Japan, as 
hospital-ship for Asiatics Station, and was on board during the memorable 
typhoon of September 21, 1869, when ship was wrecked by passing through 
centre of the cyclone with barometer at 27.62 ; for services rendered Portu- 
guese colony at Dilly, Island of Timor, and the Portuguese men-of-war 
"Principe Dom Carlos" and "Sa da Bandeira," received from the King of 
Portugal, with consent of Congress, the decoration of Knight of the Military 
Order of Christ ; for services to H. B. M. ships " Flint " and " Dawn," the 
thanks of the British Government ; and for similar services to the French 
gunboat " Scorpion," those of the commander-in-chief of the French East India 
Station ; special duty at Brooklyn, New York, 1870; subsequently Marine 
Rendezvous, Philadelphia; and later, member of Naval Medical Board of 
Examiners, at Philadelphia, 1870-2, and at Washington, 1872-3. Pro- 
moted to Medical Inspector, November 7, 1872 ; special duty at Bureau of 
Medicine and Surgery, Navy Department, 1873, and same year ordered to 
flag-ship " Wabash," as surgeon of the fleet, on the European Station ; at 
Key West, Fla., with Naval Expedition of 1874, and returned to Eurojjean 
Station as surgeon of the fleet, on board flag-ship " Franklin," 1874-5 ; head 
of medical department, Naval Academy, Annapolis, Md., 1875-80 ; at request 
of Chief of Bureau of Medicine and Surgery, designed and superintended con- 
struction of model of hospital-ship for Centennial Exhibition, at Philadelphia, 
1876, and at same exhibition presented "Ambulance Cot " bearing his name, 
which was approved by Board of Officers, July 5, 1877, and adopted for use 
in the Navy ; appointed Inspector of Recruits and Recruiting Stations, 
November 20, 1878. Commissioned as Medical Director, August 20, 1879, 
and ordered in charge of Naval Hospital, Norfolk, Ya., 1880 ; member of 
Board of Inspection of the Navy, 1880-3 ; in charge of Naval Hospital, 
Washington, D. C., 1.S83-6; of Naval Hospital, Mare Island, Cal., 1886-8 ; 
and of Naval Hospital, Brooklyn, N, Y., 1888-92; special duty, New York, 
1892-3; in charge of Naval Hospital, Washington, July, 1893, to date; has 
represented Medical Department of the Navy in the American Medical Asso- 
ciation, as delegate and permanent member, annually, since 1876; elected 
Chairman of Section on State Medicine, 1882, and Yice-President of the Asso- 
ciation, 1884; Chairman of the Rush Monument Committee, 1885-93; dele- 
gate and permanent member of the American Public Health Association, since 
1876; elected second Vice-President, 1881 ; First Vice-President, 1882, and 
President, 1883 ; Fellow of the American Academy of Medicine since 1883, 
and elected Vice-President, 1883, and President, 1884 ; President of the Naval 
Medical Society, 1883-4 ; member of the American Climatological Association 
since 1887; elected First Vice-President, 1889; President of Section on 
Climatology and Demography of the Ninth International Medical Congress 
convened at Washington, SeptenJjer 5, 1887; appointed delegate to repre- 
sent the Medical Department of the Navy, at the annual meeting of the 

17 



258 MEDICAL DIRECTORS. 

British Medical Association held at Birmingham, England, July 29, 1890 ; 
delegate to the Tenth International Medical Congress convened at Berlin, 
August 2, 1890 ; and elected Honorary President of the Section on Medical 
Geography and Climatology, and of Section on IMilitary and Naval Hygiene ; 
member of -Triennial Congress of American Pliysicians and Surgeons, Wash- 
ington, September, 1891 ; President of Section on Hygiene, Climatology and 
Demography of the Pan-American Medical Congress convened at Washing- 
ton, September 5, 1893 ; member of the State Medical Societies of New 
Hampshire, AVest Virginia, and California, and of the Medical Society of the 
District of Columbia; Fellow of the New York Academy of Medicine; mem- 
ber of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia ; of the Pennsylvania 
Historical Society, of the American Philosophical Society, of the Biological 
Society of Washington, of the Trinity Historical Society of Dallas, Texas, 
of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States, of the 
Association of Military Surgeons of the United States, and of the National 
Academy of Medicine of Mexico ; Honorary Member of the Societe Fraufaise 
d'Hygiene ; and corresponding member of the Societe des Sciences Physiques, 
Naturelles et Climatologiques de I'Algerie ; Associate Editor of the Annual 
of the Universal Medical Sciences, 1887-93 ; author of "A Look at Lisbon," 
1866; "A Night in a Typhoon," 1870; "Practical Suggestions in Naval 
Hygiene," 1871-2-3 ; " A Summer Cruise among the Atlantic Islands," 1875 ; 
"Sanitary Reform in Ship Lite," 1876; "Sanitary Commonplaces applied to 
the Navy,." 1877; "Statistics of Adolescent Growth," 1879; "Transportation 
of Sick and Wounded," 1879 ; "The Prevention of Venereal for the Protec- 
tion of the Innocent and Plelpless," 1879-82; "Health the True Nobility," 
1881 ; "State Medicine," 1882; "Medical Education the Fundamental Fact 
in Medical Ethics," 1883; "The Higher Plane in JNledicine," 1883 ; " Vital 
Statistics as Sanitary Monitors," 1883; "Thirty Years of Sanitary Progress 
in the Navy," 1884; "The Sanitary Responsibilities of the Citizen," 1884; 
"The Trade Aspect of Medicine," 1884; "The Dignity and Importance of 
the Individual," 1885 ; " Sanitary Ignorance among High and Low," 1885 ; 
" What is Medicine ? " 1885 ; " Economic Sanitation," 1886 ; " The Domain 
of Climatology and Demography," 1887 ; " The Therapy of Ocean Climate," 
1889; "The Place of Naval and Military Medicine in the Profession," 
1890; "The Hospital; an Element and Exponent of Medical Education, 
1892; "Intelligent Progress in Medicine," 1892; "Sanitary Motes and 
Beams," 1893 ; " On Doctors in general and one in particular, Surgeon-Gen- 
eral Benjamin Rush, of the Revolutionary Army," 1894. 

Richard C. Dean. — Born in Pennsylvania. Appointed from New 
Jersey, April 17, 1856; entered the service as Assititant Surgeon; attached 
to sloop " Dale," coast of Africa, 1857-9 ; steamer " Crusader," Home Squad- 
ron, 1860; steam-sloop "Wyandotte," 1861; steam-sloop " Tuscarora," 
special service, 1861-3. Commissioned as Surgeon, August 1, 1861 ; steam- 
sloop "Tuscarora," North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1864; Naval 
Academy, 1865-6 ; steam-sloop " Sacramento," special service, 1867 ; steamer 
" Michigan," on the lakes, 1868-9 ; assistant to Chief of Bureau of Medicine, 
1870-4. Commissioned as 3Ied leal Inspector, June 8,1873; frigate " Con- 
gress," European Station, 1874-6; member of Examining and Retiring 
Boards, 1877-8; member of Board of Inspection, 1879. Commissioned as 
MedkaJ Director, June, 1880; Naval Hospital, Philadelphia, 1880-3; Naval 
Hospital, New York, March, 1883-6; member of Examining and Retiring 
Boards, 1886-7 ; Naval Hospital, Chelsea, 1887-91 ; member of Examining 
Board, January, 1891, to June, 1893 ; special duty in Europe, June, 1893, 



MEDICAL DIRECTORS. 259 

« 

to December, 1893 ; President Medical Examining Board, December, 1893, 
to date. 

A. C. Gorgas. — Born in Pennsylvania. Appointed from Pennsylvania, 
August 30, 1856, as Assistant Surgeon; attached to sloop " Germantown," 
East India Station, 1857-60; receiving-ship "North Carolina," New York, 
1860; steamer "Crusader," Home Squadron, 1861. Commissioned as 
Surgeon, OQioh&v 13,1861; sloop " Vandalia," South Atlantic Blockading 
Squadron, 1861-3 ; Naval Hospital, Norfolk, 1863-4 ; steam-sloop " Juniata," 
South Atlantic Blockading S(puidron, 1864-5; steam-sloop "Juniata," 
Brazil Station, 1865-7 ; Fleet-Surgeon, Brazil Squadron, on board flag-ship 
"Brooklyn," 18()7; Navy Yard, Portsmouth, N. H., 1867-70; U. S. S. 
" Brooklyn," European Station, 1870-3 ; Fleet-Surgeon, European Station, 
on board flag-ship " Wabash," 1873 ; Naval Hospital, Annapolis, 1873-7 ; 
Fleet-Surgeon, South Atlantic Station, on board flag-ship " Hartford," 
1877-9; Naval Academy, 1880-2; Naval Hospital, Chelsea, 1882-5; Presi- 
dent Naval Medical Examining Board, 1885-9; Naval Hospital, Philadel- 
phia, 1889 to May, 1893; special duty Philadelphia, June, 1893, to August, 
1893; Naval Museum of Hygiene, August, 1893, to date; present at the 
bombardment and taking of Fort Pulaski, and at the battle at Fort l^^'isher. 
Commissioned Medical Inspector, October 6, 1873, and Medical Director, 
March 4, 1884. 

David Kindleberger. — Born in Ohio, September 2, 1834. Appointed 
from Ohio, May 20, 1859; entered the service as Assistant Surgeon; 
attached to steam-sloop "San Jacinto," coast of Africa, June 10, to Decem- 
ber 20, 1859; sloop "Portsmouth," coast of Africa, December, 1859, to 
October, 1861 ; Navy Yard, Philadelphia, December, 1861, to February, 
1862; steamer "Miami," West Gulf Blockading Squadron, February to 
May, 1862; present at the passage of Forts Jackson and St. Philip, and 
capture of New Orleans; Navy Yard, Philadelphia, July to August, 1862. 
Commissioned as Surgeon, Kw^w^t 14, 1802; steam-sloop " Monongahela," 
North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, December, 1862-3 ; West Gulf 
Blockading Squadron, 1864-5 ; was in the actions of Port Hudson, Donald- 
sonville, forts of Mobile Bay, and the rebel ram "Tennessee;" gunboat 
" Itasca," April to September, 1865 ; leave of absence, September, 1865, to 
October, 1866; steamer " De Soto," North Atlantic Squadron, October, 
1866, to January, 1868; was in her during the great earthquake at St. 
Thomas, October, 1867, when she came near being lost by the tidal waves ; 
Marine Rendezvous, Washington, May to July, 1869 ; receiving-ship " Inde- 
pendence," Mare Island, California, July to August, 1869; Naval Rendez- 
vous, San Francisco, California, 1869-71 ; " Wachusett," European Station, 
1872-4; member Retiring and Examining Boards, 1874-7 ; Fleet-Surgeon, 
Asiatic Station, 1877-80. Commissioned as Medical Inspector, 1877; mem- 
ber of Examining and Retiring Board, March 2, 1880-4. Commissioned 
Medical Director, August, 1884; Fleet-Surgeon, Pacific Station, 1884; 
Naval Hospital, Washington, 1886-8 ; member Medical Examining Board, 
.1888-91; special duty, Philadelphia, June, 1891, to May, 1893; Naval 
Hospital, Philadelphia, May, 1893, to date. 

C. J. Cleborne. — Born in Scotland, December 16, 1838. A graduate 
of the University of Pennsylvania, Mai'ch 15, 1860 ; elected a member of 
Academy of Natural Sciences, July 31, 1860 ; appointed from Pennsylvania, 
May 9, 1861, as an Assistant Surgeon with rank of Master ; and attached to 
sloop-of-war "Jamestown," North Atlantic Squadron, from May, 1861, to 
January, 1862 ; participated in destruction of the " Alvarado " under batter- 



260 MEDICAL DIRECTORS. 

ies at Fernandina, August 5, 1861 ; ordered to sloop-of-war " Dale," South 
Atlantic Squadron, expedition to Stono River ; engagements on South Edisto, 
and service with Forty-fifth Pennsylvania Regiment at Otter Island, S. C, 
1862; ordered to gunboat "Aroostook," West Gulf Squadron, 1863 ; opera- 
tions off Mobile, 1863. Commissioned Surgeon with rank of Lieutenant- 
Commander, November 24, 1863 ; at Naval Rendezvous, Philadelphia, 1864; 
ordered to U. S. S. " Ticonderoga," South Atlantic Squadron, and coast of 
Brazil, 1864-5 ; present at both battles of Fort Fisher, December, 1864 
(where the " Ticonderoga," soon after going into action, lost, by the bursting 
of her Parrot-gun, twenty-one killed and wounded); present at bombardment 
and capture of Fort Fisher, January 15, 1865 ; ordered as Judge Advocate 
of Naval Retiring Board, Philadelphia, 1865 ; attached to flag-ship 
" Rhode Island," West India Squadron, 1866, and in charge of U. S. S. 
"Bienville," during epidemic of yellow fever, 1866; Judge Advocate 
of Naval Retiring Board, 1867 ; elected member of Conchological Society 
of Philadelphia, March 7, 1867 ; on sloop-of-war "Saratoga," 1868-9.; flag- 
ship " Powhatan," 1870 ; member of Naval Medical Examining Board, 
1870 ; ordered to Naval Station, League Island, 1871 ; elected member 
of Pennsylvania Historical Society, September 23, 1872 ; attached to 
sloops-of-war "Juniata," "Plymouth," "Brooklyn " and "Congress," Euro- 
pean Squadron, 1872-4 ; ordered to Navy Yard, Portsmouth, N. H., 1875-8; 
delegate to American Medical Association, 1876. Commissioned as Medical 
Inspector with rank of Commander, January 6, 1878 ; on special duty at 
Portsmouth from November, 1878, to April, 1879; ordered to flag-shij) 
" Tennessee " as Fleet-Surgeon of North Atlantic Fleet, 1879-81; attached 
to Navy Yard, Portsmouth, 1881-4 ; elected member of Historical Society 
of Virginia, 1883 ; member of Medical Examining Board, Philadelphia, 
1884-7 ; appointed one of the Vice-Presidents of the International Medical 
Congress, June 4, 1886 ; Chairman of the Medical Committee of the Con- 
stitutional Centennial, 1887 ; organized Volunteer Medical Corps of the 
Centennial, September, 1887. Commissioned Medical Director with rank of 
Captain, September, 1887 ; elected President of A^'olunteer Medical Associa- 
tion of Philadelphia, 1887 ; Director of Naval Hospital, Norfolk, Va., Jan- 
uary, 1888, to April, 1891; Director of Naval Hospital, Chelsea, Mass., 
April, 1891, to date. 

Michael Bradley. — Born in Pennsylvania. Commissioned as Assistant 
Surgeon, July 10, 1861 ; August foUowdug, ordered to the gunboat " Louisi- 
ana," North Atlantic Squadron ; present at the battle and capture of Roan- 
oke Island, North Carolina, February 7, 1862 ; in the naval engagement, 
Pasquotank River, that ended in the destruction of the Confederate fleet 
under Commodore Lynch, February 11, 1862; battle and capture of Eliza- 
beth City, North Carolina, February 11, 1862; capture of Edenton, Albe- 
marle Sound, North Carolina ; battle and capture of Newbern, North Caro- 
lina, March 14, 1862 ; capture of Washington, on the Pamlico River, and at 
the battle and capture of Winton, on the Chowan River, North Carolina. 
In the fall of 1862, part of the Southern Army of Virginia made a furious 
attack on AVashington, North Carolina, and for a time held possession of the 
town. In the engagement that followed, the army gunboat " Picket," before 
firing a shot, blew up, killing thirty-nine of her crew (eighty men), including 
the commanding officer, Captain Nicholls, of the Revenue service. The 
" Louisiana " alone, succeeded in driving the enemy out, with gi'eat loss. 
April 1, 1863, the enemy held all the approaches to Washington, North 
Carolina, and for twelve successive days the " Louisiana " was the target for 



MEDICAL DIRECTORS. 261 

shifting swamp batteries. In the summer of 1863, detached from the 
" Louisiana," and ordered to the flag-ship " Minnesota," on blockade duty off 
Fort Fisher, North Carolina; December, 1863, detached from the " Minne- 
sota," and ordered to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; spring of 1864, promoted 
to Passed Assistant Surgeon ; July 4, 1864, reported for duty on the flag-ship 
" Black Hawk," Mississippi Squadron ; December, 1864, temporarily detached 
and ordered to the iron-clad " Reindeer," to engage the field batteries placed 
on both sides of the Cumberland River by General Hood, to protect his 
columns in crossing when pursued by General Thomas ; a few days afterward 
transferred to the iron-clad " Neosho," Admiral 8. P. Lee in command, and 
engaged the batteries on both sides of the Tennessee River, at Florence, 
Alabama; detached from the "Black Hawk," February 14, 1865, and 
ordered to the hospital-ship " Red Rover," as aide to Fleet-Surgeon Niniau 
Pinkney. Commissioned Surgeon, June 12, 1865; at the breaking up of the 
Mississippi Squadron, July, 1865, detached, and waiting orders; January, 
1866, ordered to the steamer "Michigan;" detached, March, 1868, and the 
following month ordered to San Francisco, California, by sea, to join the 
steamer " Tuscarora," for duty in the South Pacific ; ship remained on the 
station about one year, when she was ordered, via Strait of Magellan, to the 
West India Station; detached from the "Tuscarora," January, 1871, and 
waiting orders; November, 1871, ordered to Mound City Station, Illinois; 
detached, December, 1872 ; January, 1873, reported for duty at the Navy 
Yard, New York ; detached the following May, and waiting orders ; August, 
1873, ordered to steamer " Alaska," European Station ; detached September, 
1876; January 21, 1878, ordered to the flag-ship "Powhatan," as Fleet- 
Surgeon of the North Atlantic Fleet; Navy Yard, Norfolk, 1878-9. Com- 
missioned Medical Inspector, December, 1884; Fleet-Surgeon, S. A. Squadron, 
September, 1879-82 ; Navy Yard, League Island, June, 1882-6 ; Naval Hos- 
pital, Norfolk, 1886-8. Promoted to Medical Director, June, 1888 ; special 
dutv, Philadelphia, 1889-91 ; Member Medical Examining Board, June, 
1891, to date. 

Newton L. Bates. — Born in New York. Appointed from New York, 
Julv 30, 1861 ; entered the service as Assistant Surgeon; attached to the U. 
S. Naval Hospital, New York, 1861 ; U. S. S. "Seneca," S. A. Squadron, 
1861-2 ; U. S. Naval Laboratory, New York, 1862-3 ; U. S. S. " Benton," 
Mississippi Squadron, 1863-4; U. S. Naval Laboratory, New York, 1864-7. 
Commissioned Surgeon, September 16, 1865; attached to U. S. S. "Ports- 
mouth," 1867-8; tJ. S. S. " Swatara," 1868-9; U. S. S. " Miantonomah," 
1869-70 ; U. S. S. "Pawnee," 1870-1 ; U. S. Navy Yard, Norfolk, 1871-3 ; 
U. S. flag-ship " Brooklyn " (Fleet-Surgeon), 1873-6 ; U. S. S. " Minnesota," 
1876-7; member Board of Examiners, 1878-80. Commissioned Medical 
Inspector, January, 1881 ; in charge of Naval Hospital, Yokohama, 1880-2; 
flag-ship "Lancaster" (Surgeon of Fleet), 1882-4 ; special duty (attending 
surgeon), Washington, 1884-7 ; flag-ship "Trenton," 1887; flagship "Rich- 
mond," 1888 ; flag-ship " Pensacola," 1888 ; Medical Director, September, 
1888; in charge of Naval Hospital, Mare Island, Cal, February, 1890, 
to April, 1892; waiting orders, April, 1892, to March, 1893; member 
Medical Examining Board, March, 1893, to date. 

Philip S. \A/^ales. — Born in Maryland. Appointed from Maryland, 
August 7, 1856 ; entered the service as Assistant Surgeon; attached to Naval 
Academy, 1857; steam-frigate "Mississippi," East India Squadron, 1858-60; 
steamer "Water Witch," 1861. Commissioned as Surgeon, October 12, 
1861 ; Naval Hospital, Norfolk, 1863 ; steamer " Fort Jackson," North 



262 MEDICAL DIRECTORS. 

Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1864 ; steamer " Fort Jackson," West Gulf 
Blockading Squadron, 1865 ; Examining Board, 1868 ; sloop " Portsmouth," 
South Atlantic Squadron, 1868-9; steam-sloop " Guerriere," European 
Station, 1870-2 ; member Board of Examiners, 1872-4. Commissioned as 
Medical Inspector, June 30, 1873 ; special duty, AVashington, 1874-8 ; 
appointed Chief of Bureau of Medicine and Surgery, January 1880, and 
remained in that position until his term expired in 1884 ; special duty, 
Washington, 1884-7. Commissioned as Medical Director, October, 18M. 
Charge Museum of Hygiene, Washington, D. C, August, 1890, to June, 
1893 ; member of Retiring Board, June, 1893, to date. 

Edward S. Bogert.— Bornin New York. Appointed from New York, 
July 30, 1861. Entered the service as Assistant Surgeon ; attached to frigate 
"Congress," 1861 ; attached to steam-gunboat "Cayuga," West Gulf Block- 
ading Squadron, 1861-3 ; participated in the passage of the forts below New 
Orleans, and action with rebel gunboats, and subsequent campaign in the 
Mississippi River ; Naval Hospital, New York, 1864 ; steam- frigate '' Nia- 
gara," special service, 1864; Naval Hospital, New York, 1866. Commis- 
sioned as Surgeon, April 7, 1866; Naval Laboratory, New York, 1867-70 ; 
"Congress," special service, 1870-2; Recorder Board of Examiners, 1873; 
Marine Barracks, Brooklyn, 1873-7; " Monongahela," Asiatic Squadron, 
1877-9 ; Marine Barracks, Brooklyn, 1879-82. Commissioned as Medical 
Ins2)ector, September, 1882 ; Navy Yard, Norfolk, June, 1882-4 ; Fleet-Sur- 
geon, Asiatic Station, 1884-6; Navy Yard, New York, 1886-9; President 
Medical Examining Board, New York, 1889 to April, 1892. Commissioned 
as Medical Director, November, 1889 ; Naval Hospital, New York, April, 
1892, to date. 

Walter K. Schofield. — Born in Connecticut. Appointed from Con- 
necticut, July 30, 1861. Entered the service as Assidant Surgeon ; attached 
to steam gunboat " Sagamore," East Gulf Blockading Squadron, 1861-3; 
steamer " Union," East Gulf Blockading Squadron, 1864; Naval Hospital, 
Norfolk, 1865-6 ; steamer " Augusta," European Squadron, 1866-7. Com- 
missioned as Surgeon, June 19, 1866 ; Naval Rendezvous, Boston, 1868 ; 
sloop " Saratoga," North Atlantic Squadron, 1869 ; iron-clad " Terror," 
special service, 1870; R. S. " Vermont," 1871-2; "Lackawanna," Asiatic 
Station, 1873-5 ; R. S. " Wabash," 1875-9 ; Fleet-Surgeon, Pacific Station, 
1881-2 ; Navy Yard, Mare Island, 1882-6. Commissioned as Medical In- 
spector, l!^oxemher, 1883; "Lancaster," European Station, 1887-9 ; special 
duty. New York, 1889-92. Commissioned as Medical Director, FehruRrj S, 
1889 ; leave of absence, April, 1892, to date. 

Grove S. Beardsley. — ^Born in New York. Appointed from New 
York, July 30, 1861. Entered the service as Assistant Surgeon; attached to 
steam-sloop "Lancaster," Pacific Squadron, 1861-4 ; West Gulf Blockading 
Squadron, 1865 ; steam-sloop " Brooklyn," flag-ship, Brazil Squadron, 1866, 
and South Atlantic Squadron, 1867. Commissioned as Surgeon, July 25, 
1866 ; receiving-ship " Independence," San Francisco, 1868-9 ; " St. Mary's," 
Pacific Fleet, 1870-3 ; Naval Hospital, Norfolk, 1873 ; Navy Yard, Boston, 
1874-7; Navy Yard, New York, 1877-80; "Galena," European Station, 
1881-4. Commissioned as Medical Inspector, April, 1884; "Brooklyn," 
flag-ship, Asiatic Station, 1886-9 ; Navy Yard, Washington, INIay, 1890, to 
June, 1893. Commissioned as Medical Director, January 22, 1891 ; member 
Retiring Board, June, 1893, to date. 

Henry M. Wells. — ^Born in Massachusetts. Appointed from Massa- 
chusetts, July 30, 1861. Entered the service as Assistant Surgeon; attached 



MEDICAL DIRECTORS. 263 

to Naval Rendezvous and Hospital, Boston, 1861 ; sloop " Portsmouth " and 
steamer " Tennessee," West Gulf Blockading Squadron, 1861-3 ; participated 
in engagements with Forts Jackson and St. Philip, in April, 1862 ; batteries 
at Donaldsonville, Grand Gulf, Port Hudson, and Vicksburg, on the Missis- 
sippi River, in 1862-8; receiving-ship and hospital, Boston, 1864; frigate 
" Sabine," 1864 ; iron-clad " Onondaga," North Atlantic Blockading Squad- 
ron, 1865 ; batteries on James River, Virginia, 186-J ; Navy Yard, Washing- 
ton, District of Columbia, and steamer "Shamokiu," Brazil Squadron, 1865- 
68. Commissioned as Surgeon, October 9, 1866 ; Naval Hospital, New York, 
1869-71 ; " Canandaigua," 1872-5; R. S. "Colorado," 1876-8; "Ticonder- 
oga," special service, 1878-80; U. S. Naval Laboratory and Hospital, New 
York, 1881-4. Promoted to Medical Inspector, August, 1884; flag-ship 
" Lancaster," European and South Atlantic Stations, 1884-7 ; in charge of 
Museum of Hygiene, Washington, D. C, 1888-90 ; Naval Hospital, Wash- 
ington, July, 1890, to July, 1898. Commissioned Medical Director, Septem- 
ber 22, 1891 ; member Medical Examining Board, July, 1893, to August, 
1893 ; Naval Laboratory, New York, August, 1893, to date. 

John H. Clark. — Born in New Hampshire. Appointed from New 
Hampshire, October 19, 1861. Entered the service as Assistant Surgeon; 
attached to West Gulf Blockading Squadron, 1861-4 ; Navy Yard, Ports- 
mouth, New Hampshire, 1865; steamer "Mahongo," Pacific Squadron, 
1865-7. Commissioned as Surgeon, May 14, 1867; receiving-ship " Ports- 
mouth," New Hampshire, 1868-9 ; steam-sloop "Alaska," 1870 ; December 
1, 1869, to February 27, 1873, steamer "Alaska," Asiatic Station ; February 
28, 1873, to March 31, 1878, waiting orders at home (Amherst, New Hamp- 
shire) ; April 1, 1873, to June 14, 1873, Naval Rendezvous, New York City; 
June 15, 1873, to November 15, 1875, Naval Hospital, Chelsea, Massachu- 
setts ; November 16, 1875, to January 17, 1876, steamer "Hartford," North 
Atlantic Station ; March 1, 1876, to October 1, 1878, U. S S. "New Hamp- 
shire," N. A. Station ; October, 1878 to April, 1883, receiving-ship " Wabash," 
Boston Navy Yard ; temporarily ordered as member of Naval Medical Examin- 
ing Board in 1881-3 ; April, 1888, to November, 1884, U. S. S. " Lackawanna," 
Pacific Station ; November, 1884, to April, 1886, Fleet-Surgeon, Pacific 
Station ; January 8, 1885, commissioned as Medical Inspector ; May, 1886, to 
September, 1886, waiting orders ; September, 1886, to January, 1888, special 
duty, Portsmouth, N. H. ; January, 1888, to January, 1890, member of 
Naval Medical Examining Board ; Fleet-Surgeon, Pacific Station, January, 
1890, to October, 1892 ; waiting orders, October, 1892, to May, 1898 ; Medi- 
cal Director, March 4, 1893 ; President Board of Medical Examiners, New 
York, May, 1«98, to date. 

A. A. Hoehling. — Appointed an Assistant Surgeon by Hon. Gideon 
Welles, Secretary of Navy, August 14, 1861 ; became Passed Assistant Sur- 
geon, April 24, 1865, and commissioned as such from January .24, 1862, by 
the President and Senate of the United States. Commissioned a Surgeon 
from the 2d of October, 1867 ; Medical Inspector from the 31st of January, 
1885 Promoted Medical Director, May 11, 1893. Reported for duty at the 
Navy Yard, Washington, D. C, on Oct. 22, 1861 ; on Dec. 11, 1861, reported 
for duty in the Bomb Flotilla, under the command of Commander D. D. 
Porter, and while therein served on board the U. S. schooners "T. A. Ward" 
and "Dan Smith," which latter joined the Potomac Flotilla in 1862; on Jan. 
26, 1868, reported for duty on the U. S. steamer "Jacob Bell;" on July 
21, 1863, reported for duty on board the U. S. iron-clad "Roanoke;" on 
July 26, 1864, reported for duty at the United States Naval Asylum, 



■264 MEDICAL DIRECTORS. 

Philadelphia; on May 10, 1865. reported for duty on board the U. S. S. 
" Dacotah ; " on December 24, 1868, reported for duty as member of the 
Retiring Board, sitting at the Navy Yard at Philadelphia ; on May 22, 1869, 
reported on board the U. S. receiving-ship " New Hampshire." at Norfolk, 
Va.; on September 4, 1869, reported on board the U. S. S. " Frolic ; " on 
November 17, 1870, reported at New York Navy Yard for duty in attending 
officers unattached living in Brooklyn ; from this duty was detached on Feb- 
ruary 14, 1871 ; on May 1, 1871, reported on board the U. S. practice- 
ship ''Constellation ; " on November 29, 1871, reported at the Naval Station, 
League Island, Philadelphia ; on Februarys, 1873, reported on board the 
U. S. S. "Juniata; " on February 21, 1873, was placed on sick leave; on 
June 21, 1873, reported for duty at the United States Naval Academy, 
Annapolis, Md. ; on September 3, 1873, reported for duty on board U. S. S. 
"Monongahela ;" December 31, 1873, was appointed Fleet-Surgeon on board 
the flag-ship, which appointment terminated on July 11, 1874, by a relief; on 
the 19th of April, 1876, reported for duty at the Navy Yard, League Island, 
Philadelphia; on Aug. 22, 1879, reported at Navy Yard, Washington, D. C. 
for special dutv in that city ; on Feb. 12, 1884, reported for duty on board 
the U. S. S. "Powhatan ;" on March 20, 1885, reported on board the U. S. 
steamer " Pensacola," as Medical Inspector; on March 7. 1888, was detached 
from the U. S. S. " Pensacola," and arrived at home in Washington, D. C, 
on the day after to await orders ; Navy Yard, League Island, July, 1890, to 
September, 1891 ; member Examining Board, New York, September, 1891, 
to May, 1893 ; waiting orders. May, 1893, to date. 

Benjamin H. Kidder. — Born in Massachusetts. Appointed from Mas- 
sachusetts, September 20, 1861 ; entered the service as Assistaut Surgeon ; 
attached to steam-gunboat " Marblehead," South Atlantic Blockading Squad- 
ron, 1862-4; .steam-frigate "Colorado" (flag-ship). North Atlantic Squadron, 
1865; steamer "De Soto," special service, 1866, and North Atlantic Squad- 
ron, 1867. Commissioned as Surgfon, March 2, 1868 ; special dutv, Boston, 
1869-70; "Terror" (iron-clad), N. A. Squadron, 1870-1 ; " Ossipee," N. A. 
Station, 1873-6; Naval Hospital, Philadelphia, 1877-8; October, 1878, to 
October, 1881, on store-ships " New Hampshire " and "Wyoming," at Port 
Royal, S. C. ; April to November, 1882, on receiving-ship " Wabash," at 
Boston; November, 1882, to September, 1883, at Naval Station, Port Roval, 
S. C. ; September, 1883, to March, 1885, at Nav>' Yard, Norfolk, Va. ; May, 
1885, to June, 1886, on "Powhatan," N. A. Station; June, 1886, to June, 
1888, Fleet-Surgeon, N. A. Station ; Naval Academy, June, 1889, to October, 
1892 ; Naval Station, Port Royal, October, 1892, to September, 1893. Pro- 
moted Medical Director, August 21, 1893; waiting orders, September, 1893, 
to date. 

MEDICAL DIKECTOES ON THE KETIRED LIST. 

With Relative Rank of Commodore. 

Retired after forty-five years' service, or on attain ing the age of sixty-two years. 

"William S. "W. Ruschenberger. — Born in New Jersey, September 4, 
1807. Appointed from New Jersey, August 10, 1826; entered the service 
with the grade of Surgeon'' s-Mate, Pacific Squadron, 1826-9; Commodore's 
Secretary under Commodore Jacob Jones, 1828-9. Commissioned as Sur- 
geon, April 4, 1831 ; sloop " Falmouth," Pacific Squadron, 1831-4 ; Fleet- 



MEDICAL DIRECTORS. 265 

Surgeon, East India Squadron, 1835-7 ; Naval Rendezvous, Philadelphia, 
1840-2; Naval Hospital, New York, 1843-7; Fleet-Surgeon, East India 
Squadron, 1847-50; Rendezvous, Philadelphia, 1852; Fleet-Surgeon, Pacific 
Squadron, 1854-7; Fleet-Surgeon, Mediterranean, August, 18G0, to July, 
1861; Navy Yard, Boston, 1861-4; special duty, Philadelphia, 186,5-6. 
Retired, September 4, 1869; president Board of Examiners, 1869-70; Naval 
Hospital, Philadelphia, 1870-3; president of the Academy of Natural Sci- 
ences of Philadelphia, December, 1869, to January, 1872; vice-president of 
the College of Physicians, of Phihidelphia, May, 1875, to May, 1879 ; presi- 
dent from May 5, 1879, to January, 1883 ; a vice-president of the American 
Philosophical Society, January, 1885, and is so still. Dr. Ruschenberger is 
the author of books on professional and other topics. 

William Grier. — Born in Ireland. Appointed from Maryland, March 
7, 1838 ; entered the service as Assistant Surgeon, ; attached to sloop " Cyane,' 
Mediterranean Squadron, 1838-41; store-ship "Erie," Pacific Squadron, 
1842-4 ; schooner " Shark," Pacific Squadron, 1844-6 ; Hospital, New York, 
1848; razee " Independence," Mediterranean Squadron, 1849-52. Commis- 
sioned as Surgeon, April 14, 1852 ; Fleet-Surgeon, North Pacific Surveying 
Expedition, 1853-56; Naval Academy, 1859; sloop "Macedonian," 1861; 
receiving-ship, Baltimore, 1862 ; Naval Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee, 1863- 
65 ; special duty, Hartford, Connecticut, 1867 ; member Board of Examiners, 
1868-9, special duty, Baltimore, 1869-71 ; member of Examining and 
Retiring Boards, 1871-2 ; Naval Hospital, Annapolis, 1872 ; member of 
Naval Medical Board, 1872 ; President of Naval Medical Board, 1872-6 ; 
Chief of Bureau of Medicine and Surgery (Surgeon-General), 1877-8. Re- 
tired, October 5, 1878. 

Samuel Jackson, — Born in Pennsylvania. Appointed from North 
Carolina, June 20, 1838, as Assidayit Surgeon. Attached to frigate " Con- 
stitution," 1839-41; U. S. S. frigate "Mississippi," 1841-2; frigate "Con- 
gress," Mediterranean Squadron, 1842-3 ; sloop '• Fairfield," frigate " Cum- 
berland," Mediterranean Squadron, 1843-5 ; razee " Indejiendence," flag-ship. 
Pacific Squadron, during Mexican War, 1846-9; Navy Yard, Philadelphia, 
1849-50 ; receiving-ship " Franklin," at Boston, 1851 ; sloop "John Adams," 
1851; sloop "Decatur," 1851-2. Commissioned as Surgeon, September 2, 
1852; Rendezvous, New York Cit3% 1854-5; sloop "St. Louis," coast of 
Africa, 1855-8 ; Navy Yard, New York, 1858-61 ; steam-frigate " Wabash," 
1861; frigate "Cumberland," 1861; steam-sloop "Brooklyn," 1862-3. 
While attached to the " Cumberland," was present at the bombardment and 
capture of the Confederate forts, at Hatteras Inlet ; doing service on board 
the " Brooklyn," was with Admiral Farragut in the passage and bombard- 
ment of Forts Jackson and St. Philip, and the Chalmette batteries below 
New Orleans, and in the destruction of the Confederate Fleet, and subse- 
quently in his operations before Vicksburg and Galveston ; Naval Academy, 
at Newport, R. I., 1863-4 ; Navy Yard, Boston, 1864-5-6 ; Fleet-Surgeon, 
North and South Pacific Squadron, on board flag-ship " Pensacola," and 
" Powhatan," 1867-9 ; Naval Hospital, Philadelphia, 1869 ; Naval Hospital, 
New York, 1869-72 Commissioned as Medical Director, March 3, 1871 ; 
Naval Hospital Norfolk, 1873-5; Naval Hospital, Chelsea, 1875-6-7-8-9, 
which completed his service on the " active list." Having attained the age 
of sixty-two (62) years, April 1, 1879, he was placed on the retired list, in 
accordance with the law of Congress on that subject. 

Francis M. Gunnel!. — Born in District of Columbia. Appointed from 
District of Columbia, March 29, 1849 ; entered the service as Assistant 



266 MEDICAL DIRECTORS. 

Surgeon; attached to sloop "Falmouth," Pacific Squadron, 1849-51 ; store- 
ship " Supply," Pacific Squadron, 1852; Navy Yard, Washington, 1853; 
frigate " Independence," Pacific Squadron, 1855-7 ; steam-frigate " Niagara," 
Atlantic Cable Expedition, 1858; receiving-ship at New York, 1858-!>; 
steamer "Fulton " (wrecked), 1859; steam-sloop "Pawnee," 1860-2, North 
and South Atlantic Blockading Squadrons. Commissioned as Surgeon, April 
2\ 1861 ; Naval Hospital, Washington, 1863-5 ; steam-sloop " Ticonderoga," 
European Squadron, 1866-8; Naval Hospital, Washington. 1869-72. Com- 
missioned as Medical Inspector, 1871 ; Fleet-Surgeon. N. A. Fleet, 1872-3; 
"Roanoke," 1874; member Board of Examiners, 1875-6. Commissioned as 
Medical Director, 1875 ; Naval Hospital, Washington, 1875-9 ; Fleet-Sur- 
geon, Asiatic Station 1879-81 ; member of Retiring Board, 1881-2 ; Presi- 
dent Medical Board, Washington, 1882-4; Chief of Bureau of Medicine and 
Surgery, 1884-8. Retired, 1889. 

John Mills Browne. — Born in Hinsdale, New Hampshire, ^lay 10, 
1881. Graduated at the Medical Department of Harvard University in 
March, 1852. Appointed from New Hampshire. March 25, 1853 ; entered 
the service as Assistant Surgeon, and performed first duty on board the store- 
ship "Warren," Lieutenant commanding, Fabius Stanly, at Sancelito, 
opposite San Francisco ; in September, 1854, the " Warren." Lieutenant 
commanding, D. McDougall, proceeded to Mare Island, and became the 
temporary residence of commander, D. G. Farragut, the inaugurator and 
first Commandant of the Navy Yard ; Medical Officer of the Navy Yard 
until May 10, 1855 ; then duty on board Coast Survey steamer "Active," 
Lieutenant commanding, James Alden ; attached to "Active" until Novem- 
ber, 1857 ; "Active," employed in surveying the coast and harbors of 
California, Oregon, and Washington Territories, in the winter of 1855-6, 
with the steamer "Massachusetts" and sloop " Decatur;" "Active," engaged 
in the Indian war of Puget Sound ; and in the summer of 1857, in connec- 
tion with H. B M. sloop "Satellite," occupied in settling the Northwest 
boundary. Passed Assistant Surgeon, May 12, 1858 ; brig "Dolphin," Lieu- 
tenant commanding, John N. Maffit, June 1, 1858, Home Squadron ; August 
21, 1858, oflrCape Verde, Cuba, " Dolphin" captured the brig "Echo," with 
over 300 slaves destined for the Cuban market ; " Echo " sent to Charleston, 
South Carolina, and suUsequently the surviving negroes Avere taken to 
Liberia in the frigate " Niagara ;" October 1, 1858, steamer "Atlanta," 
Commander D. B. Ridgely, Paraguay Expedition ; December 25, 1858, 
Hospital, Norfolk, Surgeon Ninian Pinkney ; May 9, 1859, sloop "Constella- 
tion," FlagOfficer William Inman, Fleet-Surgeon Thomas D. Smith, flag- 
ship of African Squadron; visited Madeira, Cape de Verde Islands, St. 
Helena, Liberia, St. Paul de Loanda, and other ports and i^-lands along west 
coast of Africa; September 25, 1860, at night, off Congo River, "Constella- 
tion " captured the bark " Cora," with 705 slaves, which were sent to Liberia. 
Commissioned as Surgeon, June 19, 1861 ; December 23, 1861, steam-sloop 
"Kearsarge," Commander Charles W. Pickering, special duty, coast of 
Europe ; visited Cadiz, Algeciras, Gibraltar, Tangier, Ferral, Brest, Cher- 
bourg, Boulogne-sur-Mer, Calais, Ostend, Flushing, London, Margate, 
Ramsgate, Deal, Dover, Folkstone, Hastings, Queenstown, Azores, JMadeira, 
Teneriffe; off' Cherbourg, June 19, 1864, the "Kearsarge," Commander 
John A. AVinslow, after an engagement of one hour and two minutes, 
destroyed the rebel steamer " Alabama ; " " Kearsarge " left Europe in 
August, 1864, for the iVzores, and from thence proceeded to Fernando de 
Noronha and Las Rocas, off' Brazil, in search of the rebel steamer " Florida ;" 



MEDICAL DIRECTORS. 267 

returned to Barbadoes, thence to St. Thomas, and arrived at Boston, Novem- 
ber 9, 1864 ; December 28, 1864, temporary duty, Navy Yard, New York ; 
April 29, 1865, Navy Yard, Mare Ishmd ; March 29, 1869, special duty to 
superintend the erection of the Naval Hospital at Mare Island ; duty, in 
charge of the Hospital, Mare Island, 1870-1 ; Fleet-Surgeon, Pacific Fleet, 
1862-6. Commissioned as Medical Inspector, December 1, 1871 ; Navy Yard 
and Naval Hospital, Mare Island, 1878-4 ; Fleet-Surgeon, North Pacific 
Station, 1874-6; Naval Hospital, Mare Island, 1876-80. Commissioned as 
Medical Director, October 6, 1878 ; President of Medical Examining Board, 
Washington, D. C, 1880-2; member of Board of Visitors, Naval Academy, 
Annapolis, Md., 1881 ; naval representative at the International Medical 
Congress, London, England, 1881 ; duty, in charge of Museum of Hygiene, 
1882-5 ; duty, on Board of Naval Regulations, 1882 ; member of National 
Board of Health, 1888 ; naval representative at the International Medical 
Congress, Copenhagen, 1884; member of Retiring Board, 1885-8. Chief of 
Bureau of Medicine and Surgery, with title of Surgeon- General of the Navy, 
from April 2, 1888, until date of retirement, May 10, 1893. 

With Relative Rank of Captain. 

Philip Lansdale.— Born in Maryland. Appoined Acting Assistant 
Surgeon, November, 1846; appointed from Maryland, March 5, 1847; 
entered the service as Assistant Surgeon ; attached to steamer " Onkahye," 
Brazil Squadron, 1848; frigate " Brandywine," Brazil Squadron, 1849-50; 
frigate •' Cumberland," Mediterranean Squadron, 1852-5; Bureau of Medi- 
cine and Surgery, 1856-9; sloop " John Adams," 1861. Commissioned as 
Surgeon, January 20, 1861 ; steam-sloop "Pensacola," West Gulf Blockad- 
ing Squadron, 1868-4 ; Naval Rendezvous, Philadelphia, 1866-8 ; Examin- 
ing Board, Philadelphia, 1868-69; Fleet-Surgeon, Pacific Fleet, 1869-71. 
Commissioned as Medical Inspector, March 3, 1871 ; Naval Academy, 1872-4. 
Commissioned as Medical Director, June 8, 1873 ; Fleet-Surgeon, European 
Station, 1874-7; member of Examining Board, 1877-9. Retired, Aj^ril, 
1879. 

Phineas J. Horwitz. — Born at Baltimore, Md., March 8, 1822; grad- 
uated as doctor at the University of Maryland, March, 1845. Appointed an 
A>isistant Surgeon in the Navy, November 8, 1847, and immediately there- 
after assigned to duty in the Gulf Squadron, then operating against Mexico. 
Dr. Horwitz was at once placed in charge of the Naval Hospital, at Tabasco, 
and remained there until the close of the war. This duty was performed so 
efficiently and energetically as to receive the personal commendation and 
thanks of the commander-in-chief of squadron. Commodore M. C. Perry. 
He was next detailed for the frigate " Constitution," bound for the Mediter- 
ranean Station ; at the termination of the cruise was ordered to the " Relief," 
destined for Brazil ; he was examined and passed for promotion, January, 
1853; he was then assigned to the steamer "Princeton," aboard which vessel 
he served some two years ; after this he was ordered to the " Supply " belong- 
ing to the African and Brazil Stations; on reaching the United States, in 
1859, he was oflfered the position of assistant to the Bureau of Medicine and 
Surgery, which office he held until appointed C-hief of the Bureau of Medi- 
cine and Surgery, July 1, 1865, a position which he held until his term of 
service expired, July i, 1869 ; on the nineteenth of April, 1861, Dr. Horwitz 
was promoted to the grade of Surgeon, but his services in the bureau were 
considered so important that he was not permitted to vacate his appointment 
as assistant, and Congress, in acknowledgment of the immense amount of 



268 MEDICAL DIRECTORS. 

work he was performing, voted to give him the highest shore-pay of his 
grade ; during the entire period of the war of the Rebelhon the labor of the 
bureau fell almost wholly upon the shoulders of Dr. Horwitz. and his was 
the only bureau in which the clerical force was not increased. The whole 
system of tabulatingthecasualities of the war, of indexing the books of refer- 
ence, reports of survey, certificates of disability and of diseases, was designed 
and carried forward by Dr. Horwitz, so that there was probably no case of 
injury, disease, or disability that occurred during the doctor's connection with 
the bureau that will not be found in its appropriate place in the Surgeon-Gen- 
eral's office ; the immense number of pension cases accruing during the war 
were all examined, adjusted, and prepared by the doctor, and every official 
letter that lei\ the bureau was written by him. All this was done without the 
aid of a single additional writer or clerk. On leaving the bureau, in 1869, Dr. 
Horwitz was placed in charge of the Xaval Hospital, Philadelphia, since 
which time he has been assigned to various duties on that station. He was 
promoted to the grade of Medico/ Inspector, March 3, 1871, and to the grade 
of Aledical Director, December 19, 1873; Naval Asylum, Philadelphia, 
1877-83 ; president of Examining Board, Philadelphia, 1883-4. Retired, 
1884. 

Edward Shippen. — Born in New Jersey. A.B. and A.M., Princeton ; 
M.D., University of Pennsylvania ; fellow of the College of Physicians, 
Philadelphia; appointed from Pennsylvania, August 7, 1849; entered the 
service as Amstaid Surgeon; attached to sloop "Marion," East India 
Squadron, 1849-52 ; receiving-ship "Ohio," Boston, 1852-3 ; steamer " Ful- 
ton," Fishing-Banks Squadron, 1853 ; steamer " Hetzel," Coast Survey, 1854 ; 
brig "Dolphin," coast of Africa, 1855-7; Rendezvous, Philadelphia. 1857; 
Naval Asylum, Philadelphia, 1858 ; steamer " Caledonia," Paraguay Expe- 
dition, 1859; flag-ship "Congress," Brazil Squadron, 1859-61. Commis- 
sioned as Surr/eon, April 26, 1861; frigate "Congress," North Atlantic 
Blockading Squadron, 1861-2; in the "Congress" when attacked by the 
rebel ram " Merriraac, " at Newport News, and injured by shell ; recorder of 
Medical Examining Board, Philadelphia, 1862 ; receiving-ship and special 
recruiting dutv. New York, 1862-4 ; frigate " New Ironsides," North Atlantic 
Squadron, 1864-5 ; at both battles of Fort Fisher, and at Bermuda Hundred ; 
steam-sloop "Canandaigua," European Squadron, 1866-8; during which 
made the Russian cruise, under Admiral Farragut ; member of Naval Re- 
tiring Board, Philadelphia, 1868 ; surgeon of the Naval Academy, Annapolis, 
Md., 1869-71; Fleet-Surgeon, European Station, 1871-3; Navy Yard. 
Philadelphia, 1873 ; Naval Hospital, Philadelphia, 1874-9. Commissioned 
as Medical Director, 1876 ; president of the Naval ]\Iedical Examining 
Board, Philadelphia, 1880-1 ; president Board of Examiners, ^[arch, 1881- 
83; Naval Hospital, Philadelphia, 1883-6; special duty, Philadelphia, 
1886-8. Retired, 1888. 

Samuel F. Coues. — Born in New Hampshire. Appointed from New 
Flampshire, Feb. 25, 1851. Entered the service as Assistant Surgeon ; Coast 
Survey, 1851 ; attached to sloop "Portsmouth," Pacific Squadron, 1851-5 ; 
Bureau Med. and Surg., 1855 ; Coast Survey, 1856 ; hospital, Chelsea, INIass., 
1857 ; laboratory, New York, 1858-9 ; steamer " Saginaw," 1861. Commissioned 
as Surgeon, April 26,1861; steam-sloop "Hartford," 1863; receiving-ship 
" Ohio," Boston, 1863 ; steam-sloop " Housatonic," South Atlantic Blockad- 
ing Squadron, 1863 ; steam-sloop " Saranac," Pacific Squadron, 1864-(i ; 
Naval Hospital, Chelsea, Mass., 1866-8 ; steam-sloop " Richmond," European 
Squadron, 1868-71. Commissioned as Medical Inspector, 1871 ; leave, 



MEDICAL DIRECTORS. 269 

Europe, 1872; frigate " Colorado," North Atlantic Station, 1872-3 ; Navy 
Yard, Portsmouth, N. H., 1873-5 ; Fleet-Surgeon, North Atlantic Station, 
1875-G. Commissioned as Medical Director, lS7(i; Naval Hospital, Brook- 
lyn, N. Y., 1876-9 ; special dutv, Boston, 1879-80 ; Naval Laboratory, New 
York, 1880-3; President Medical Examining Board, 188-t-5 ; Naval Hos- 
pital, Chelsea, 1885-7 ; retired, 1887. 

Jacob S. Dungan.— Born in Pennsylvania. Commissioned Assistant 
Surgeon, J^ebruary 25, 1851 ; steamer " Water-Witch," 1851 ; Recruiting 
Office, New Orleans, La., 1851 ; steamer " Vixen," West Lidia Station, 1851 
-52; Coast Survey steamer " Corwin," Atlantic Station, 1852-3; steamer 
" Fulton," West India Station, 1853-5. Appointed Passed Assi.-^taiit Surgeon, 
April 9, 1856; Naval Hospital, Norfolk, Ya., 1856-8 ; steamer "Argentina," 
La Plata Expedition, South America, 1858-60 ; Naval Asylum, Philadelphia, 
Pa., 1861. Commissioned Surgeon, May 1, 1861; receiving-ship "Prince- 
ton," Philadelphia, Pa., 1861 ; Naval Rendezvous, Philadelphia, Pa., 1861 ; 
ship " Portsmouth," W.U. B. Squadron, 1861-3 ; in attack on Fort Jackson, 
Mississippi River, April 24, 1862 ; in charge Naval Hospital, New Orleans, 
La., 1863-4; Naval Asylum, Philadelphia, Pa., 1865 ; razee "Savannah," 
Annapolis. Md.,1865; frigates "Constitution" and "Santee," school-ships, 
at Naval Academy, Annapolis, Md., 1865-6 ; Navy Yard, Norfolk, Va., 1866 
-68; ship " Cyane," Pacihc Station, 1869; steamer "Ossipee," Pacific Sta- 
tion, 1869-71. Commissioned Medical Inspector, March 3, 1871 ; Naval 
Rendezvous, San Francisco, Cal., 1872 ; in charge Naval Hospital, Mare 
Island, Cal., 1872-3 ; steam-frigate " INIinnesota," New York, N. Y., Decem- 
ber, 1873; in charge Naval Hospital, Mare Island, Cal., 1874-5; flag-ship 
" Pensacola," Fleet-Surgeon, Pacific Station, 1876-7. Commissioned Medical 
i)/Vec/o/-, December 31, 1876; special duty, San Francisco, Cal., 1877-82; 
Naval Rendezvous, San Francisco, Cal., 1877-80; in charge U.S. Naval 
Hospital, Yokohama, Japan, 1882-5 ; in charge JNIarine Recruiting Office, 
San Francisco, Cal., 1885-7. Retired, January 29, 1887. 

George Peck. — Born at Orange, New Jersey ; graduated at College of 
Physicians and Surgeons, New York, March 6, 1847 ; received, June 27, 
1857, honorary degree of A. M. from College of New Jersey; examined by 
Board of Naval Medical Officers, and found qualified for appointment, Janu- 
ary 3, 1851. Commissioned Assistant Surgeon, February 25, 1851 ; ordered to 
the " Cyane," Home Squadron, August 23, 1851 ; cruised in the Gulf of 
Mexico, Caribbean Sea and AVest Indies ; crossed the Isthmus of Panama 
before the construction of the railroad ; assisted the survivors of Strain's 
Expedition to Darien ; journeyed to the Pacific, via the San Juan River and 
Lake Nicaragua tt) San Juan del Sur ; carried despatches to the United 
States Minister at Leon, and visited the principal cities and towns of Nica- 
ragua ; participated in the bombardment of San Juan del Norte ; detached 
from the "Cyane," September 1,1854; ordered to the Naval Rendezvous, 
New York, September 13, 1854 ; detached, October 15, 1855 ; examined and 
recommended for promotion, April 10, 1856 ; ordered to frigate '"St. Law- 
rence," Brazil Station, September 20, 1856 ; joined the Paraguay Expedition ; 
detached from the "St. Lawrence," May 11, 1859; ordered to the receiving- 
ship "North Carolina," New York, July 2, 1859; detached and ordered to 
the steam sloop-of war '-Seminole," Brazil Station, March 9,1860. Com- 
missioned Surgeon, May 30, 1861 ; returned to the United States in the 
" Seminole," and joined the N. A. Blockading Fleet ; served on the Potomac 
River during the attempted blockade by rebel batteries, and took part in the 
capture of Port Royal. Fernandiua and Norfolk ; detached from the " Sem- 



1 



270 MEDICAL DIRECTORS. 

iuole," July 9, 1862 ; ordered to the Marine Rendezvous, New York, August 
18,1862 ; detached, September 24, 1864, and ordered to the "Dictator," North 
Atlantic Blockading Fleet; detached, September 2, 1865, and ordered to the 
" Vanderbilt," convoy of the " Monadnock," via Strait of Magellan, to San 
Francisco ; en r-oide witnessed the bombardment of Valparaiso and Callao by 
the Spaniards ; volunteered to aid in care of the wounded after the action at 
Callao, and assisted the medical officer in charge aboard the " Villa de 
Madrid," of the Spanish fleet ; visited the Peruvian Hospital ashore, and 
tendered service to the medical officer in charge ; detached June 28, 1866, 
and accompanied Commodore John Rodgers from San Francisco to the Atlan- 
tic coast before the completion of the railway, escorted by a squadron of 
United Slates cavalry; ordered to Navy Yard, New York, April 1, 1867 ; 
detached, May 20, 1869, and ordered to the frigate " Sabine," May 25, 1869 ; 
received aboard from the Naval Academy the graduated class of midship- 
men, and sailed on a practice-cruise to Europe and Brazil ; detached, July 
28, 1870 ; ordered to the Navy Yard, New York, September 15, 1870. Com- 
missioned Medical Inspectoi', May 28, 1871; detached May 11, 1872, and 
ordered to the North Atlantic Fleet ; reported on board the flag-ship "Wor- 
cester," at Key West, for duty as surgeon of the fleet ; detached, December 
26, 1873 ; ordered as member of the Retiring Board and for examination of 
officers for promotion, Washington, February 25, 1874; detached, April 10, 
1877, and appointed member of Naval Medical Examining Board, December 
1, 1877; ordered to examination for promotion, January 14, 1878. Com- 
missioned Medical Director, of the grade of Captain, from January 7, 1878 ; 
detached and ordered, April 30, 1879, as member of Retiring Board and 
President of Medical Examining Board ; detached, and ordered as President 
of Board of Physical Examination of officers for promotion, September 3, 
1879 ; detached, February 29, 1880, and ordered as member of Naval Medi- 
cal Examining Board, Philadelphia, Pa., March 1, 1880 ; ordered Medical 
Director of Naval Hospital, Mare Island, California, July 2, 1880 ; detached, 
October 8, 1883, and on leave ; ordered as member of Naval Board of In- 
spection and Survey, December 15, 1883, and detached, June 3, 1885, and 
on waiting orders ; ordered as member of Court of Inquiry, Washington, 
June 20,1884; court dissolved, December 31, 1884; ordered as delegate 
from Medical Department of the Navy to annual meeting of American Medi- 
cal Association, April 9, 1884, Washington, and April 23, 1885, at New 
Orleans ; ordered as delegate to represent the Medical Department of the 
Navy at the Ninth International Medical Congress, Washington, August 28, 
1887 ; ordered as member of the Examining Board, Navy Department, 
Washington, November 5, 1887, and detached, July 9, 1888; and from 
length of service, in conformity with Chapter III., Section 1444, Revised 
. Statutes of the United States, transferred to the retired list of officers of the 
navy. He is a member of the American Medical Association, American 
Academy of Medicine, American Public Health Association, New York 
Academy of Medicine, New York Society for the Relief of Widows and Or- 
phans of Medical Men, Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United 
States, New Jersey Historical Society, Washington Headquarters Associa- 
tion, Morristown, New Jersey, and Sons of the American Revolution, Society 
of New Jersey. 

Thomas J. Turner. — Born in Pennsylvania. Appointed from Pennsyl- 
vania, December 16, 1853. Entered the service as Assistant Surgeon ; attached 
to Pacific Squadron, 1854-5 ; frigate " Independence," Pacific Squadron, 1856 ; 
sloop " John Adams," Pacific Squadron, 1857-8 ; rendezvous, Philadelphia, 



MEDICAL DIRECTORS. 271 

1859 ; Laboratory, New York, 1861-2. Commissioned as Swgeon, June 10, 
1861 ; steam-sloop " Ossipee," North Atlantic Squadron, 1863 ; Naval Hos- 
pital, Pensacola, 1864-5 ; special duty, Philadelphia, 1866 ; member Board 
of Examiners, 1867 ; Recorder Board of Examiners, 1868-9 ; attached to 
steam-sloop "Juniata," European Squadron, 1869-72. Commissioned as 
Medical Inspector, April 26, r-72 ; special duty, Washington, 1872-5 ; Fleet- 
Surgeon, Asiatic Station, 1875-7 ; Secretary of National Board of Health, 
1878-82. Commissioned as Medical Director, April 2, 1879; member of 
National Board of Health, 1882-3 ; member of Medical and Retiring Board, 
188-1—6 ; in charge of Museum of Hygiene, 1886-9 ; waiting orders, February, 
1889, to date of retirement, September, 21, 1891. 

John Y. Taylor. — Born in Pennsylvania. Appointed from Delaware, 
September 26, 1853. Entered the service a.& Assistant Surgeon; attached to 
sloop " Decatur," Pacific Squadron, 1853-7 ; rendezvous, Philadelphia, 1858 ; 
sloop " Preble," Brazil Squadron, 1859; brig " Dolphin," Brazil Squadron, 

1860 ; Naval Hospital, New York, 1861 ; steam-sloop "Oneida," West Gulf 
Blockading Squadron, 1861-4 ; in engagement with the rebel batteries at 
Vicksburg, June, 1862. Commissioned as Surgeon August 1, 1861 ; steam- 
sloop " Tuscarora," South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1865; Recorder 
Examining Board, Philadelphia, 1866 ; Naval Hospital, New York, 1867-8 ; 
steam-sloop " Plymouth," European Squadron, 1868-72. Commissioned as 
Medical Inspector, June 29,1872; member Board of Examiners, 1872-7. 
Commissioned as Medical Director, April, 1879; Naval Hospital, Washing- 
ton, 1879-83; Naval Hospital, Norfolk, June, 1883-6; Naval Hospital, 
New York, 1887-8; member of Medical Examining Board, 1888-9 ; Presi- 
dent Medical Examining Board, 1889, to date of retirement, Jan., 21, 1891. 

William T. Hord. — Born in Kentucky. Appointed from Kentucky, 
November 1, 1854. Entered the service as Assistant Surgeon ; went to Medi- 
terranean in frigate " Congress," July, 1855 ; transferred to frigate " Sara- 
nac," on that station, September 28, 1855 ; returned to United States, and 
detached, June 28, 1856 ; ordered to store-ship " Relief," Brazil Squadron, 
August 14, 1856; detached, March, 1857; ordered to store-ship "Supply," 
Brazil Squadron, March, 1857 ; detached, August, 1857 ; ordered to Coast 
Survey steamer "Walker," October, 28, 1857; detached, June, 1858; or- 
dered to Naval Hospital, Norfolk, June 14, 1858 ; detached, December 22, 
1858. Promoted to Passed Assistant Surgeon, April, 1859 ; ordered to steam- 
sloop " Lancaster," Pacific Squadron, April 9, 1859 ; transferred to sloop 
" Cyane," Pacific Squadron, at Acapulco, July 16, 1861. Promoted to aS'w- 
5'eo?t, August 1, 1-"S61 ; detached from "Cyane," at Panama, and ordered 
home, November 11, 1H61 ; volunteer aide on General Nelson's staff", from 
the battle of Pittsburg Landing to the evacuation of Corinth, Mississippi, 
by General Beauregard; ordered, June 14, 1862, to receiving-ship "Ohio," 
at Boston; detached, Decembei', 1862, and ordered to steam-sloop " Pawnee," 
attached to South Atlantic Blockading Squadron ; participated in all the 
operations -against the enemy's works at Charleston, South Carolina, during 
the year 1863, by Admirals Du Pont and Dahlgren and General Gilmore ; 
ordered to steam-frigate " Wabash," oft' Charleston, South Caroina, August 
10, 1863 ; detached, sick, December, 1863 ; ordered to recruiting service, 
June 15, 1864, at Jersey City, New Jersey ; detached and ordered to Mound 
City, Illinois, August 31, 1864; detached and ordered to steam-sloop 
" Monongahela," November 8, 1865, West India Squadron; wrecked in an 
earthquake at Santa Croix, West Indies, November 18, 1867; Navy Yard, 
Norfolk, Virginia, October 12, 1868 ; detached, October, 1871. Commis- 



272 MEDICAL DIRECTORS. 

sioned as Medical Inspector, July 6, 1872 ; Fleet-Surgeon, South Atlantic 
Station, March 28, 1872, to April 1, 1874; member of Board of Examiners, 
1874-6 ; Navy Yard, Boston, September 1, 1876, to April 1, 1879. Com- 
missioned as Medical Director, May 1, 1879 ; Naval Hospital, Chelsea, Mass., 
April 1, 1879, to April, 1882; 'member of Medical Examining Board, 
Washington, D.C., April, 1882, to October, 1886; Naval Hospital, Phila- 
delphia, October 6, 1886, to October 6, 1889 ; member of the Medical Ex- 
amining Board, Washington, D. C, November 27, 1889 ; President of 
Examining Board, January 22, 1891, until his retirement for age, March 3, 
1893. 

Delavan Bloodgood.— Born in New York. Commissioned Afssidtant 
Surgeon, IMarch 13, 1857. Promoted to Passed Assistant Surgeon, December 
24, 1861 ; to Surgeon, January 24, 1862; to Medical Inspector, February 3, 
1875 ; to Medical Director, August 22, 1884 ; retired on 20th of August, 1893, 
having attained sixty-two years of age. His first cruise was aboard the flag- 
ship "Merrimac," on the Pacific Station, 1857-60; his next aboard the 
steamer " Mohawk," 1860-1, about Cuba and adjacent islands, intercepting 
vessels in the slave trade. In anticipation of the great impending conflict 
the " Mohawk " played a conspicuous and essential role in the strategic 
movements which saved the forts on Key West and Tortugas, the " Keys of 
the Gulf," from seizure by the secessionists ; manoeuvres unappointed nor 
subsequently sanctioned by the administration. The next succeeding affairs 
engaged in were the evacuation of the Pensacola Navy Yard, the con- 
voying from Texas of the troops surrendered by Twiggs, and the establish- 
ment off" Santa Rosa Island of the first blockade of the war. After passing 
the summer of 1861 in the Gulf, Assistant Surgeon Bloodgood was ordered 
North for examination preliminary to promotion, and arriving off Port 
Royal at the time of that battle was diverted to another transport and put in 
charge of a lot of the wounded and sick for conveyance to hospital. After 
promotion he was detailed to the sloop-of-war " Dacotah," on which he 
served till near the close of the war; participating in the various operations 
about Hampton Roads, from the first appearance of the rebel ram " INIerri- 
mac," till its felo-de-se ; up the rivers in conjunction with the first Peninsular 
campaign ; for awhile with Farragut, in the IMississippi ; then in the Flying 
Squadron after privateers and blockade-runners ; but the most of the work 
was in blockading oft' the Caroliuas, and in minor engagements with shore 
batteries. During this service the " Dacotah " was visited by an epidemic of 
yellow fever and by another of small-pox. En route homeward after this 
cruise Surgeon Bloodgood was captured by railroad raiders in jNIaryland, but 
effected his escape, sine iinpeditnenta, from the cavalcade of prisoners bound 
to Libby. In the two years succeeding the war Surgeon Bloodgood made 
the lake cruise aboard the steamer "Michigan," and next was attached to the 
receiving-ship "Vermont," and until the breaking out of yellow fever aboard 
the " Jamestown," when he was ordered in mid-winter from New York to 
that infected ship in the tropics, aboard which the mortality proved phenom- 
enal, and he was one of the few who survived an attack of the pestilence. 
From Panama Bay, for disinfection, the " Jamestown " sailed to Sitka, and 
there participated in the ceremonies of the transferral of Alaska from Rus- 
sia to the United States. The winter of 1867-8 was passed in Alaska, and 
in the spring following the " Jamestown " was put out of commission at the 
Mare Island Navy Yard, and Dr. Bloodgood transferred to the " Lacka- 
wanna " on the Mexican coast, and there completed his second Pacific cruise. 
He was next on shore duty at New York, and until May, 1872, when he 



MEDICAL INSPECTORS. 273 

joined the " Plymouth," on the European Station ; but after a few months 
again took passage and proceeded by the India route to the Asiatic Station, 
where as Fleet-Surgeon he served, successively, aboard the flag-ships " Colo- 
rado," " Lackawanna " and " Hartford." At the end of two years he ex- 
changed to the Pacific Station as Fleet-Surgeon ; but shortly after was ordered 
home, and so as a passenger, and on duty, accomplished the circuit of the 
globe. After a tour of shore duty in New York his next and last service 
afloat was as Fleet-Surgeon on the European Station, aboard the flag-ship 
" Trenton," 1877-9. Returned from the Mediterranean, he was placed in 
charge, first of the Naval Hospital, in Brooklyn, and next of the Laboratory; 
these duties continued till the autumn of 1886, when he was sent in charge 
of the Naval Hospital at Norfolk ; but on 1st of July following, he was 
recalled to the directorship of the Naval Laboratory, which position, together 
with that of Head of the Department of Instruction (when that establishment 
was instituted and joined to the Laboratory), he retained until his retirement. 

MEDICAL INSPECTORS ON THE ACTIVE LIST. 

W^illiam K. Van Reypen. — Born in New Jersey. Appointed from 
New Jersey, December 25, 1861 ; entered the service as Assistant Surgeon; 
attached to Naval Hospital, New York, 1862 ; frigate "St. Lawrence," East 
Gulf Blockading Squadron, 1863-4. Promoted to Passed Assistant Surgeon, 
May, 1865; Naval Hospital, Chelsea, Mass., March, 1865; steamer "Lena- 
pee," Atlantic Squadron, 1866-7 ; steam-sloop " Ticonderoga," European 
Squadron, 1868 ; steamer " Frolic," European Squadron, 1868-9. Promoted 
to Surgeon, May, 1868 ; special duty, New Orleans, 1869; Naval Hospital, 
Chelsea, Mass., '1870 ; Naval Hospital, Norfolk, 1871 ; Naval Hospital, An- 
napolis, 1872 ; ''Iroquois," Asiatic Station, 1872-4; Naval Hospital, New 
York, 1875-7 ; "Alaska," Pacific Station, 1877-81 ; Naval Hospital, Brook- 
lyn, 1881-2 ; "Powhatan," special duty, 1883-4; Assistant, Bureau of Medi- 
cine, 1884 to May, 1892. Promoted to' Med icallnspedor, August, 1887 ; "San 
Francisco," Special Service Squadron, May, 1892, to date. 

Thomas Cameron Walton. — Born in England. A graduate of the 
University of the City of New York (1862); Associate Member of the 
Societe Francaise d'Hygiene (1887) ; one of the Vice-Presidents of Section 
on Climatology and Demography of the Ninth International Medical Con- 
gress ; Member of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion. Appointed from 
New York. October 5, 1861, commissioned an Assistant Surgeon; October, 
1868, commissioned Surgeon; September, 1877, commissioned Medical In- 
spector; served on sloop "Jamestown," N. A. Blockading Squadron, 1862 ; 
East Indies, 1863-5; in charge of Small-pox Hospital, Yokohama, Japan, 
1864; Examining Board for Medical Officers, 1866; receiving-ship " Ohio," 
Boston, 1867 ; sloop " Cyane," at Panama, 1867 ; steamer "Suwanee," N. P. 
Squadron, wrecked on July 9, 1868 ; steamers "Mohican" and " Resaca," 
Pacific Squadron, 1868-70 ; receiving-ship " New Hampshire," Norfolk, Va., 
1872; sloop "Juniata," searching for "Polaris" survivors in Greenland, 
1873; later in Cuba, rescuing prisoners from " Virginius ; " European 
Squadron, 1874-5; receiving-ships "Worcester" and "Franklin," at Nor- 
folk, 1876-9; steamer "Powhatan," special service, 1880-3 ; Naval Acad- 
emy, as Senior IMedical Orticer and Head of Department of Physiology and 
Hygiene, 1883-9; cruiser "Chicago," Squadron of Evolution, 1889-91; 
Naval Academy, 1892, to date. 

18 



274 MEDICAL INSPECTORS. 

Charles H. W^hite. — Born in New Hampshire. Entered the service as 
Assistant Surgeon, December 26, 1861; in steam-gunboat "Huron," S. A. 
Blockading Squadron, 1862-4 ; " Roanoke" (iron-clad), 1864-6. Promoted 
to Passed Assistant Surgeon, 1666 ; Navy Yard, New York, 1866 ; " Ashue- 
lot," Asiatic Station, 1866-9. Commissioned as ^S^wr^'eon, November 18, 1869 ; 
Naval Laboratory, New York, 1870-2 ; " Benicia," Asiatic Fleet, 1872-3 ; 
S. S. " Idaho," Asiatic Station, 1873-5 ; Naval Laboratory, New York, 1875 
-78 ; Naval Hospital, Mare Island, Cal., 1879 ; " Lackawanna," Pacilic 
Squadron, 1880-3; Museum of Hygiene, 1883-8; Fleet-Surgeon of Pacific 
Station, 1888-90. Promoted to Medical Inspector, July, 1888; "Charles- 
ton," Pacific Station, November, 1890, to January, 1892 ; waiting orders, 
January, 1892, to July, 1893 ; member Board of Medical Examiners, July, 
1893, to date. 

George Worth Woods. — Born in New Bedford, Mass., August 24, 
1838. Steamers " Mohawk " and " Ottawa," S.. A. B. S., 1862-3 ; '' Roan- 
oke," 1864; receiving-ships "Allegheny" and " Winooski," 1865 ; Navy 
Yard, Mare Island, Cal., 1866-7 ; "Pensacola" and "Jamestown," Pacific 
Squadron, 1867-70. Promoted to Surgeon, December 10, 1869 ; Naval Hos- 
pital, Mare Island, Cal., 1871-3; Naval Rendezvous, San Francisco, 1873 ; 
"Wachusett," 1873; North Atlantic Squadron, "Benicia" and "Lacka- 
wanna," 1874-8; Pacific Station, Navy Yard, Mare Island, Cal., 1878-82; 
"Juniata," special cruise, and Asiatic Station, 1882-5; Navy Yard, Mare 
Island, 1886-90. Commissioned Medical Inspector, 1888 ; U. S. flag-ship 
" Charleston," as Fleet-Surgeon, and " Pensacola," Pacific and Asiatic Sta- 
tions, 1890-2 ; Naval Hospital, Mare Island, Cal., in charge, April, 1892. 
During the war, participated in the most prominent operations around 
Charleston, including the bombardment of the forts and fall of " Wagner ;" 
those in northern Florida, up to the battle of Olustee, and including the cap- 
ture of St. Mary's, Ga. ; and while attached to the " Roanoke," in many 
movements on the James River. Member of the M. O. L. L. U. S. and So- 
ciete Francaise d'Hygiene. Author of exhaustive reports on countries visited 
in the special cruise of the "Juniata," 1882-5, and of a special report on 
leprosy, after a prolonged residence at the leper settlement of Molokai, H, I. 

F. L. Du Bois. — Appointed from Pennsylvania. Entered Navy as 
Assistant Surgeon, May 22, 1862. Promoted to Passed Assistant Surgeon, 
October 30, 1865 ; Surgeon, February 20, 1870 ; Medical Inspector, September 
15, 1888. Served first at Navy Yard, Washington, from June to September, 
1862 ; while there, volunteered for extra duty with the army, after the second 
battle of Bull Run ; was present at battle of Chantilly, and nearly captured ; 
on steamer "Tioga," from 1862 to 1864, on blockade duty, and chasing 
blockade runners ; crew contracted yellow fever, of which he nearly died ; 
was thence ordered to Chicago, on recruiting duty, and soon after to Missis- 
sippi Squadron, where he continued till close of war ; next duty, Philadelphia 
Navy Yard ; in 1866, to Panama, in charge of medical stores ; then to store- 
ship " Fredonia," on which ship he was wrecked by an earthquake and tidal 
wave, at Arica, 1868, — only five persons saved from wreck ; next duty, at 
Naval Hospital, Chelsea, Mass. ; on the " Dictator " and hospital-ship " Pawnee," 
at Key West, from 1871 to 1874; steamer "Michigan," on lakes, from 1874 
to 1877 ; " Wyoming," European Station, from 1877 to 1881 ; rendezvous 
duty, and member of Examining Board, from 1881 to 1884; Home Squad- 
ron, U. S. S. " Galena," from 1884 to 1887 ; Navy Yard, Portsmouth, March, 
1888, to November, 1891; "Philadelphia," N. A. Station, and "Chicago," 
European Station, November, 1891, to date. 



MEDICAL INSPECTORS. 275 

George H. Cooke. — Born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Appointed 
from New Jersey. Entered the service as Acting Assistant Surgeon, Septem- 
ber 9, 1862, and ordered to Naval Hospital, Norfolk, Va. Commissioned 
Assistcmt Surgeon, September 22, 1862 ; flag-ship " St. Lawrence," bark 
" James L. Davis," and steamers " Somerset," " Sagamore," and " Tioga," of 
East Gulf Blockading Squadron, 1862-4 ; Navy Yard, Philadelphia, 1864-5 ; 
double-ender " Mendota," James River, Va., 1865 ; Naval Hospital, New 
York, 1865 ; supply-ship " Massachusetts," 1865. Promoted to Passed Assist- 
ant Surgeon, January 20, 1866 ; receiving-ship " Ohio," Boston, 1866 ; Naval 
Academy, 1866 ; steam-sloop " Resaca," Pacific Squadron, 1866-8; Naval 
Academy, 1868-70. Promoted to Surgeon, February 20, 1870 ; Naval Sta- 
tion, Mound City, Illinois, 1870-1; gunnery practice-ship "Constellation," 
1871-2; monitor "Terror," North Atlantic Station, 1872-3 ; special duty. 
Bureau of Medicine and Surgery, 1873; Marine Rendezvous, Philadelphia, 
1873 ; special duty, Mound City, Illinois, 1874 ; Naval Hospital, Norfolk, Va., 
1874-5; " Vandalia " (second-rate) and "Alliance" (third-rate), European 
Station, 1876-9 ; Navy Yard, League Island, 1879-82 ; Medical Examining 
Board, Naval Academy, 1884; "Lackawanna," Pacific Station, 1884—5; 
" Mohican," Pacific Station, 1885-7 ; Navy Yard, League Island, 1888-90. 
Commissioned Medical Inspector, September 15, 1888 ; flag-ship '• Pensacola" 
and Fleet-Surgeon, South Atlantic Station, 1890-1 ; cruiser "Baltimore," 
Pacific Station, and Flag-ship Squadron for special service, July, 1891, to 
May, 1893; leave of absence, June, 1893; Navy Yard, League Island, July 
to November, 1893 ; special duty, Philadelphia, November 1, 1893, to date. 

Thomas N. Penrose. — Born in Pennsylvania. Appointed Assistaiit 
Surgeon, November 11, 1861; steamer "Harriet Lane," South Atlantic 
Station, 1862-3; steamer "Massachusetts," 1863-4. Promoted to Passed 
Assistant Surgeon, 1866 ; " Hartford," East India Squadron, 1866-7 ; 
" Wachusett," North Atlantic Station, 1868 ; League Island Station, 1868-9 ; 
" Swatara," North Atlantic Fleet, 1870-1. Promoted to Surgeon, May 28, 
1871 ; Naval Hospital, Philadelphia, 1873 ; " Ticonderoga," South Atlantic 
Station, 1873-5 ; practice-ship " Constellation," 1875 ; " Marion," European 
Station, 1876-8 ; Naval Hospital, Norfolk, 1878-80 ; " Michigan," North- 
western Lakes, 1881-2; "Swatara," North Atlantic Station, 1882-5 ; Navy 
Yard, Boston, 1885-8; "Richmond," South Atlantic Station, 1888-90. 
Commissioned as Medical Inspector, January, 1889 ; waiting orders, Septem- 
ber, 1890, to April, 1891 ; Naval Hospital, Norfolk, Va., April, 1891, 
to date. 

George Rawson Brush was born at Smithtown, New York. His 
academic studies were pursued at Pennington, New Jersey, studied medicine 
under the direction of Dr. Lafayette Ranney, in the city of New York, and 
was graduated at the College of Physicians and Surgeons of the University 
of the State of New York, 1858, He subsequently engaged in practice in 
the city of New York and at Sayville, Long Island. Entered the navy as 
an Assistant' Surgeon, September 2, 1861. Promoted to Passed Assistant 
Surgeon, April, 1865 ; to Surgeon, February 10, 1872, and to Medical In- 
spector, November, 1889 ; U. S. frigate " Potomac," West Gulf Blockading 
Squadron, 1861-4, during which time he saw much of the yellow fever 
epidemic at Pensacola, Florida ; U. S. receiving-ship " North Carolina," 
New York, 1864-5 ; U. S. " Wateree," Pacific Station, 1865-7 ; was detailed 
to attend wounded at Callao, Peru, after bombardment of that city by Spanish 
Fleet, May 2, 1866 ; U. S. S. " Wampanoag," North Atlantic Station, 1868 ; 
Naval Hospital, Norfolk, Va., 1868-9; U. S. S. "Cyane," " Ossipee," 



276 MEDICAL INSPECTORS. 

" Pensacola," " Saranac," and "Onward," Pacific Station, 1869-72 ; Naval 
Academy, Annapolis, Md., and XJ. S. Rendezvous, New Yorlv City, 1873-4 ; 
U. S. S. " Saranac," North Pacific Station, 1874-5 ; shipwrecked at Seymore 
Narrows, British Columbia, June 18, 1875 ; Naval Hospital, Mare Island, 
California, 1875-6 ; U. S. flag-ship " Omaha," South Pacific Station, 1876-8 ; 
U. S. receiving-ship " Colorado," New York, 1879-81 ; U. S. S. " Vandalia," 
North Atlantic Station, 1882-4; Naval Laboratory, Brooklyn, New York, 
1884; U. S. receiving-ship "Vermont," New York, 1885-8; U. S. S. 
" Pensacola," Atlantic Station, and U. S. flag-ship "Omaha," Asiatic Station, 
1889-91 ; Navy Yard, New York, 1892-94, being present duty. 

Daniel McMurtrie. — Commissioned an Assistant Surgeon, August 22, 
1862 ; attached to Naval Hospital, New York, from September 2, 1862, to 
April 24,1863; attached to flag-ship " Minnesota," North Atlantic Block- 
ading Squadron, from April 29, 1863, till October 24, 1863; attached to 
iron-clad "Sangamon," N. A. B. Squadron, from October 24, 1863, to Sep- 
tember 14, 1864; service in this vessel was oft' Charleston, from early part of 
January, 1864, until health impelled to request relief, which was granted in 
September ; was frequently under fire from Fort Moultrie and the batteries 
on shore, and the duty was rendered doubly hazardous at night, from the 
torpedoes; waiting orders from September 20, 1864, to December 16, 1864; 
attached to U. S. S. " Muscoota," from December 15, 1864, to April 28, 
1865 ; attached to iron-clad " Monadnock," from April 30, 1865, to Septem- 
ber 28, 1865 ; this was one of the first ironclads to enter a foreign port, 
being one of a special squadron, under command of Rear- Admiral Godon, to 
visit Havana that June for the purpose of intercepting the Confederate ram 
"Stonewall;" waiting orders from September 28, 1865, to March 13, 1866; 
attached to receiving-ship " Vermont," Navy Yard, New York, from March 
14, 1866, to June 14, 1866; while attached, promoted to Passed Assistant 
Surgeon, May 11, 1866; attached to U. S. S. " Winnipeg," of the Naval 
Academy Practice Squadron, from June 16, 1866, to October 12, 1866; 
waiting orders from October 12, 1866, to November 1, 1866; attached to 
U. S. S. "Susquehanna," from November 2, 1866, to January 14, 1868; 
during service on the vessel visited Mexico, carrying newly-appointed Min- 
ister Lewis D. Campbell and General Sherman, with his chief-of-staff, 
Colonel Audenreid ; later was on flag-ship of Rear- Admiral Palmer, W. I. 
Squadron ; at St. Thomas at the time of the earthquake in December, 1867 ; 
contracted the yellow fever twice during the commission, and finally entered 
the port of New York in midwinter, carrying North the body of Admiral 
Palmer, who succumbed to the disease on the date of sailing from St. 
Thomas; out of commission; attached to U. S. S. " Wampanoag," from 
January 22, 1868, to February 17, 1868; detached at own request; waiting 
orders from February 17, 1868, to June 1, 1868; attached to U. S. S. 
" Mabeaska," at New Orleans, from June 8, 1868, to September 15, 1868, 
when she was put out of commission ; attached to Navy Yard, Boston, from 
October 14, 1868, to May 6, 1869 ; attached to U. S. S. " Sabine," European 
cruise, from May 23, 1869, to August 3, 1870 ; out of commission ; attached 
to receiving-ship " Potomac," at Philadelphia, from August 12, 1870, to 
November 8, 1870; detached at own request; waiting orders till January 7, 
1871 ; attached to Naval Academy, from January 14, 1871, to August 9, 
1871 ; detached at own request ; attached to Navy Yard, New York, from 
August 12, 1871, to October 28, 1871 ; attached to receiving-ship " Vermont," 
at Navy Yard, New York, from October 20, 1871, to December 19, 1871 ; 
attached to Navy Yard, New York, from December 19, 1871, to April 19, 



MEDICAL INSPECTORS. 277 

1872 ; attached to receiving-ship " Vermont," at New York, from April 19, 
1872, to April 27^ 1872 ; detached and ordered to Asiatic Station, per mail 
steamer ; attached to U. S. S. "Ashuelot," from July 14, 1872, having joined 
her at Kobe, Japan. Promoted to Surgeon, June 29, 1872 ; detached from 
"Ashuelot," at Shanghai, China, and ordered home, June 23, 1875 ; reported 
home, August 20, 1875 ; attached to Naval Hospital, Chelsea, Mass., from 
November 22, 1875, to April 22, 1876; detached at own request; waiting 
orders till May 31, 1875 ; attached to receiving-ship "St. Louis," at League 
Island, Philadelphia, from June 1, 1876, to September 9, 1878 ; attached to 
U. S. S. " Quinnebaug," European Station, from September 25, 1878, to 
June 25, 1881; waiting orders until November, 1881, at own request; 
attached to receiviog-ship " Franklin," at Norfolk, Va., from November 7, 
1881, till July 18, 1883; detached at own request; waiting orders until 
January 7, 1884 ; attached to Naval Rendezvous, Philadelphia, from Jan- 
uary 11, 1884, to April 10, 1884; attached to Navy Yard, Washington, 
D. C, from April 24, 1884, to January 10, 1885 ; detached and ordered to 
the charge of U. S. Naval Hospital, Yokohama ; attached to U. S. Naval 
Hospital, Yokohama, Japan, July 20, 1885, till July 21, 1888 ; relieved and 
ordered home ; reported arrival home, September 10, 1888 ; waiting orders 
till November, 1888; attached to receiving-ship "Vermont," from Novem- 
ber 27, 1888, till September 28, 1889 ; attached to Navy Yard, New York, 
from September 28, 1889, to May, 1891. Promoted to Medical Inspector, 
February 8, 1890; "Lancaster," Asiatic Station, May, 1891, to September, 
1893 ; waiting orders, September, 1893, to date. 

Edward Kershner. —Born in Maryland. Appointed J. .ssi5to??i Surgeon, 
September 2, 1861 ; ordered to Washington Navy Yard, November, 1861 ; 
ordered to U. S. S. " Cumberland," and served on the " Cumberland " until 
her destruction by " Merriraac," March 8, 1862 ; Washington Navy Yard, 
until July, 1862, when he was ordered to " New Ironsides," siege of Charles- 
ton ; detached from " Ironsides," February, 1864, and ordered to the monitor 
" Passaic ;" August, 1864, ordered to iron-clad " Choctaw," Mississippi 
Squadron, and served to end of war ; August, 1865, ordered to Naval 
Rendezvous, Philadelphia; January, 1866, ordered to U. S. S. " Tacony," 
flag-ship of N. A. S, ; October, 1866, ordered to U. S. S. " Osceola," West 
India Squadron ; September, 1867, ordered to receiving-ship " Potomac," at 
Philadelphia; December, 1867, to receiving-ship "Vermont," N. Y.; Decem- 
ber, 1868, to November, 1871, U. S. S. "Richmond," Mediterranean Station. 
November 7, 1872, commissioned Su7-geon, Naval Hos]5ital, New York ; 
1871-2, receiving-ship " Vermont," N. Y. ; 1874-7, Surgeon U. S. S. 
" Swatara," Transit of Venus Expedition to South Indian Ocean and 
Australia and West India Squadron; 1877-9, special duty. New York; 
training-ship, "Minnesota," 1879-82 ; Marine Barracks, New York, 1882-3 ; 
receiving-ships at New York, "Colorado" and " Vermont," 1883-5; "Omaha," 
Asiatic Station, 1885-8; one year as Fleet-Surgeon, Marine Rendezvous, 
New York, 1888-93; "New York," S. A. Station, August 1, 1893, to 
date. 

William H. Jones. — Born in Pennsylvania, December 15, 1840. 
Appointed Acting Assistant Surgeon U. S. N., April, 1863 ; on duty, Naval 
Hospital, Norfolk, Virginia, 1863. Appointed Assistant Sure/eon U. S. N., 
August 12, 1863; U. S. S. "Pensacola," W. G. B. Squadron, 1863-4; 
U. S. S. "Marblehead" (practice-cruise), 1864; IT. S. Naval Academy, 
practice-ships, 1864 ; U. S. ram " Tennessee," W. G. B. Squadron, 1864-5 ; 
Naval Hospital, New Orleans, Louisiana, 1865 ; Naval Hospital, Pensacola, 



278 MEDICAL INSPECTORS. 

Florida, 1865-6; U. S. S. "W. G. Anderson," W. G. B. Squadron, 1866; 
Navy Yard, Washington, District of Columbia, 1866-7. Promoted to 
Passed Assistant Surgeon, December 24, 1866 ; U. S. S. " Maumee," Asiatic 
Station, 1867-9 ; Navy Yard, Washington, District of Columbia, 1870-1 ; 
U. S. S. " Jamestown," South Pacific Station, 1871; U. S. S. " Saranac," 
North Pacific Station, 1871 ; U. S. S. " Pensacola," Pacific Fleet, 1871-3 ; 
U. S. S. " Portsmouth," survey of the Pacific, 1873-5. Commissioned as 
Surgeon, July, 1873 ; U. S. training-ship " Portsmouth," San Francisco, 
California, 1875 ; U. S. R. S. " Potomac," Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 
1875-7 ; U. S. training-ship " Constitution," Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 
1877 ; U. S. S. " Constitution," European Station, 1878-9 ; Naval Hospital, 
New York, 1879-81 ; " Michigan " (on the Lakes), 1881 ; " AYachusett," 
Pacific Station, 1881-5 ; Navy Yard, League Island, 1885-9 ; " Swatara," 
special service, March, 1890, to May, 1891. Promoted Medical Inspector, 
November 14, 1891 ; Navy Yard, League Island, INIay, 1891, to July, 1893 ; 
waiting orders, July, 1893, to date. 

James M. Flint. — Born in Hillsborough, New Hampshire, February 7, 
1838. Graduated from the Medical Department of Harvard University, 
March, 1860. Appointed an Acting Assistant Surgeon, April 14, 1862 ; 
served on board the barque " Ethan Allen," East Gulf Squadron, from May, 
1862, until September, 1863. Commissioned as AssiMant Surgeon, dated 
October 25, 1863 ; service from December, 1863, to July, 1865, on board 
gunboat "Hastings" (No. 15), Mississippi Squadron; October, 1865, to 
July, 1866, on receiving-ship "Alleghany," at Baltimore; August, 1866, 
ordered to U. S. S. " Pensacola," making a cruise to the Pacific; ordered 
home for examination, August, 1867. Promoted to Passed Assistant Surgeon, 
to date from December 13, 1866; December, 1867, to November, 1868, at 
the Naval Hospitals, New York and Chelsea ; from November, 1868, to 
April, 1870, on board the U. S. S. " Franklin," European St